Human Anatomy Biology 351

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1 Human Anatomy Biology 351 Final Exam Note: Final exams are not returned! All exam copies will be shredded on the Monday of week #2 of spring term. If you want to see your final exam you must stop into my office to see the exam. However, you cannot keep your copy of the exam. Please print your name clearly on the back of the last page of this exam. Please read the instructions preceding each section carefully. You must answer all questions on this exam. Statistics demonstrate that, on average, between 2-5 objective questions on every exam are ambiguous enough to come out aberrant on an item analysis. Therefore, the total number of points possible on this exam is 104. However, grades will be calculated out of a possible 100 points, assuming that 1-2 objective questions on this exam are aberrant. Section 1: Muscle Identification. On the next page is a cross section of a middle portion of the thigh. If a muscle on the following page is labeled place the proper letter in the appropriate space. However, if a muscle is not labeled place XX in the space provided. (Note the labeling of medial and anterior.) (2 points each) 1. Adductor magnus 2. Gracilis 3. Sartorius 4. Vastus intermedius 5. Semimembranosus 6. Adductor longus 7. Semitendinosus 8. Rectus femoris

2 Plate Number 475B Thigh Middle Cross Section Copyright 1995 Ciba-Geigy Corporation All rights reserved.

3 Section 2: Muscle Identification. On the next page is a cross section of the leg. If a muscle on the following page is labeled place the proper number in the appropriate space. However, if a muscle is not labeled place XX in the space provided. Note that you should be able to determine anterior, posterior, medial and lateral are by the bones of the leg, which you should know.) (2 points each) 9. Tibialis anterior 10. Flexor hallicus longus 11. Fibularis longus 12. Fibularis brevis 13. Tibialis posterior 14. Extensor hallicus longus 15. Flexor digitorum longus

4 Plate Number 491B Leg Cross Section just above Middle of Left Leg Copyright 1995 Ciba-Geigy Corporation All rights reserved.

5 Section 3: Agonist-antagonist muscles. Answer the following questions by placing a (+) in the space provided if the statement is true; place a (O) in the space provided if the statement is false. (2 points each) 16. The gluteus medius is an antagonist to at least one action of the gluteus maximus. 17. The gluteus minimus is an antagonist to at least one action of the gluteus maximus. 18. The gluteus medius is an antagonist to at least one action of the tensor fascia latae. 19. The gluteus maximus is an antagonist to at least one action of the tensor fascia latae. 20. The gracilis is an antagonist to at least one action of the adductor longus. 21. The gracilis is an antagonist to at least two of the actions of the adductor magnus. 22. The gracilis is an antagonist to at least one of the actions of the adductor magnus. 23. The long head of the biceps femoris is an antagonist to at least one action of the adductor longus. 24. The fibularis longus is an antagonist to all of the actions of the tibialis anterior. 25. The extensor hallicus longus is an antagonist to at least one of the actions of the fibularis longus. Section 4: Muscles of the gluteal region, anterior and adductor groups of the thigh. Place the most correct letter in the space provided. (2 points each) 26. Which of the following muscles matches the description below? Originates on the anterior, inferior iliac spine and the rim of the acetabulum Inserts onto the tibial tuberosity via the patellar ligament and tendon Flexes the thigh and extends the leg a. rectus femoris b. vastus lateralis c. vastus medialis d. sartorius e. adductor longus f. adductor magnus g. iliopsoas h. gracilis

6 27. Which of the following muscles matches the description below? Originates from the anterior superior iliac spine Inserts onto the tibia Innervated by the femoral nerve Flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates the thigh; flexes the leg a. rectus femoris b. vastus lateralis c. vastus medialis d. sartorius e. adductor longus f. adductor magnus g. iliopsoas h. gracilis 28. Which of the muscles in the list below flexes and medially rotates the leg and adducts and medially rotates the thigh? a. rectus femoris b. vastus lateralis c. vastus medialis d. sartorius e. adductor longus f. adductor magnus g. iliopsoas h. gracilis 29. Which of the muscles listed below adducts, flexes, extends and medially rotates the thigh? a. rectus femoris b. vastus lateralis c. vastus medialis d. sartorius e. adductor longus f. adductor magnus g. iliopsoas h. gracilis 30. Which of the following is not an attachment (either origin or insertion) of the adductor magnus? a. linea aspera of the femur b. ischial tuberosity c. inferior pubic ramus d. pubic tubercle e. adductor tubercle of the femur

7 31. Which of the following is not an attachment (either origin or insertion) of the gluteus maximus? a. gluteal tuberosity of the femur b. iliotibial tract c. thoracolumbar fascia d. coccygeal vertebrae e. lumbar vertebrae h. iliac crest i. sacrum 32. Which of the following muscles matches the description below? Origin on the iliac crest and the anterior superior iliac spine Medially rotates and possibly abducts the thigh Innervated by the superior gluteal nerve a. gluteus maximus b. gluteus medius c. gluteus minimus d. tensor fascia latae Section 5: Posterior muscles (hamstrings) of the thigh. Answer the following questions by placing a (+) in the space provided if the statement is true; place a (O) in the space provided if the statement is false. (2 points each) 33. Both heads of the biceps femoris cross both the hip and knee joints. 34. The short head of the biceps femoris originates from the adductor tubercle of the femur. 35. The long head of the biceps femoris is innervated by the common fibular nerve, while the short head is innervated by the tibial portion of the sciatic nerve. 36. All of the hamstrings have at least one of their origins on ischial tuberosity. 37. Both the biceps femoris and the semitendinosus insert onto both the tibia and fibula.

8 Section 6: Muscles of the leg. Answer the following questions by placing the most appropriate letter in the space provided. (2 points each) 38. An origin on the tibia, insertion onto the 1 st metatarsal and medial cuneiform, innervation by the deep fibular nerve, and actions of dorsiflexion and inversion of the foot describes the a. tibialis anterior b. extensor hallicus longus c. extensor digitorum d. fibularis longus e. fibularis brevis f. gastrocnemius h. soleus k. tibialis posterior l. plantaris m. popliteus n. flexor digitorum o. flexor hallicus longus 39. Which of the following muscles originates from the tibia and fibula and has dorsiflexion of the foot as at least one of its actions? a. tibialis anterior b. extensor hallicus longus c. extensor digitorum d. fibularis longus e. fibularis brevis f. gastrocnemius h. soleus k. tibialis posterior l. plantaris m. popliteus n. flexor digitorum o. flexor hallicus longus

9 40. Which of the following muscles originates only from the fibula and inserts onto one or more bones on the sole of the foot? a. tibialis anterior b. extensor hallicus longus c. extensor digitorum d. fibularis longus e. fibularis brevis f. gastrocnemius h. soleus k. tibialis posterior l. plantaris m. popliteus n. flexor digitorum o. flexor hallicus longus 41. Which of the following muscles originates from the supracondylar ridge of the femur? a. tibialis anterior b. extensor hallicus longus c. extensor digitorum d. fibularis longus e. fibularis brevis f. gastrocnemius h. soleus k. tibialis posterior l. plantaris m. popliteus n. flexor digitorum o. flexor hallicus longus 42. Which of the following muscles originates from the tibia, fibula and interosseous membrane? a. tibialis anterior b. extensor hallicus longus c. extensor digitorum d. fibularis longus e. fibularis brevis f. gastrocnemius h. soleus k. tibialis posterior l. plantaris m. popliteus n. flexor digitorum o. flexor hallicus longus

10 43. Which of the following is not an attachment (either origin or insertion) of the tibialis posterior? a. tibia b. fibula c. interosseous membrane d. navicular e. cuboid f. all three cuneiforms g. metatarsals 2, 3 and 4 h. talus Section 7: Define the following terms in the space provided. (If you looked at either of the practice tests this section won t be a surprise.) (2 points each) 44. trochanter 45. tubercle 46. condyle 47. epicondyle 48. plantar 49. inversion 50. eversion 51. pes 52. genu

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