Muscles of the Neck and Vertebral Column Sternocleidomastoid (anterior neck) Origin Insertion Action

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Muscles of the Neck and Vertebral Column Sternocleidomastoid (anterior neck) Origin Insertion Action"

Transcription

1 Muscular movements of the head (at the cervical spine/neck) and of the torso (thoracic and lumbar spine/upper, middle, and lower back): flexion, extension, lateral flexion, rotation. Muscles of the Neck and Vertebral Column Sternocleidomastoid (anterior neck) Semispinalis capitis Semispinalis cervicis/thoracis Splenius capitis Splenius cervicus Spinalis capitis Spinalis cervicis and thoracis Longissimus capitis Longissimus cervicis and thoracis Iliocostalis cervicis Iliocostalis thoracis and lumborum (erector spinae) Manubrium of sternum and medial clavicle Transverse process of cervical and thoracic cervical and thoracic thoracic cervical and thoracic thoracic and lumbar Transverse process of Transverse process of, sacrum Ribs Iliac crest, sacrum, ribs Mastoid process of temporal bone Occipital bone. Spinous process of cervical & thoracic Mastoid process and occipital bone Transverse process of cervical Occipital bone Superior (upper) spinous processes Mastoid process Superior (upper) transverse processes Transverse process of cervical and upper ribs Upper ribs, transverse process Quadratus lumborum Iliac crest Transverse process of lumbar & 12 th rib Flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation of the head at the neck Extension and rotation of the head at the neck. Extension of the neck and upper back (cervical and thoracic spine) Extension (both), lateral flexion and rotation (one side) of the head at the neck Extension of cervical spine/neck Extension of the head at the neck Extension of the upper spine/back Extension (both), lateral flexion and rotation (one) of head at the neck Extension and lateral flexion of the upper spine/back Extension of cervical spine/upper back Extension of spine/back, lateral flexion of spine/back Lateral flexion of lumbar spine, stabilization of pelvis/lumbar spine

2 Muscles of the Abdominal Wall Rectus abdominis External oblique Internal oblique Transverse abdominis Pubis: Pubic crest and symphysis Lower eight ribs Iliac crest and inguinal ligament Costal cartilage of ribs and iliac crest Xiphoid process (of sternum) and costal cartilage of ribs (#5-7) Linea alba, Iliac crest and pubic bone Costal cartilage of ribs #8-10, linea alba Linea alba and pubis (pubic crest) Flexion and lateral flexion of vertebral column, compression of abdomen, stabilization of pelvis (controls tilt of the pelvis) Flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation of vertebral column Flexion, lateral flexion and rotation of vertebral column Compression of abdomen i.e. forced expiration Other muscles of the Axial Skeleton: Deep muscles of the vertebral column Multifidus, Rotators, Interspinales, Intertransversarius Can produce some movement (extension, lateral flexion, and rotation) of the vertebral column, but are primarily stabilization muscles of the Muscles of the thorax Scalenes, Intercostals, Diaphram These muscles are primarily used in respiration, although the scalenes can produce slight movement of the cervical spine

3 Scapular movements: Protraction, Retration, Elevation, Depression, Rotation Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Thorax (Scapular) Serratus anterior Trapezius Levator e Rhomboids (major and minor) Pectoralis minor Ribs 3-5 Surface of upper 9 ribs Occipital bone and spinous processes of C7 and all thoracic Transverse process of cervical (C1-4) Spinous processes of cervical and thoracic Subclavius Costal cartilage of rib #1 Clavicle Vertebral (medial) border of Clavicle; acromion process and spine of Vertebral(medial) border of superior to the spine Vertebral (medial) border of Coracoid process of Humeral movements: Flexion, Extension, Abduction, Adduction, Medial rotation, Lateral rotation, Circumduction Protraction (abduction) and rotation of the Elevation (upper), depression (lower), retraction(adduction), rotation and stabilization Elevation and retraction (adduction) of Retraction, downward rotation, stabilization of the Depression of, also can elevate ribs when arms are raised Stabilization of shoulder girdle, depression Muscles Crossing the Shoulder Joint (humeral) Pectoralis major Clavicle, sternum and costal cartilage of ribs Intertubercular groove of Flexion, horizontal flexion, internal rotation, and adduction of Latissimus dorsi Iliac crest, posterior sacrum, spinous processes of lower thoracic, lumbar Intertubercular groove of Extension, adduction and internal rotation of the Deltoid Clavicle, acromion, and spine of Deltoid of Abduction; flexion and medial rotation; extension and lateral rotation of

4 Teres major Teres minor Infraspinatus Supraspinatus Subris Coracobrachialis Posterior surface of Axillary (lateral) border of the Infraspinous fossa of Supraspinous fossa of Subr fossa of the Coracoid process of the Intertubercular groove of Greater tubercle of Greater tubercle of Greater tubercle of Lesser tubercle of the Medial surface of humeral shaft Extension, adduction and internal rotation of Lateral rotation of (rotator cuff) Lateral rotation of (rotator cuff) Assists in abduction (rotator cuff) Medial rotation of the (rotator cuff) Flexion and adduction of the Movements at : Flexion, Extension, Supination, Pronation Movements at the fingers: Flexion, Extension Muscles Crossing the Elbow Joint or Wrist joint Triceps brachii Biceps brachii Long head: infraglenoid tubercle; Medial and Lateral heads: posterior shaft of the Short head: coracoid process of ; Long head: supra glenoid tubercle of Olecranon process of ulna Radial of radius Extension at the elbow Flexion at the elbow and supination at the elbow and wrist Brachialis Humerus Coronoid process of Ulna Flexion at the elbow Brachioradialis Anconeus Pronator teres Lateral supracondylar ridge of the ; ulna Styloid process of the radius Olecranon process of ulna Lateral surface of radius Flexion at the elbow Extension at the elbow, stabilization Pronation at the elbow and wrist Pronator quadratus Ulna (distal, anterior) Radius (distal, anterior) Pronation at Supinator Flexor carpi radialis Flexor carpi ulnaris Palmaris ; ulna ; ulna Radius (proximal) Metacarpals (base, 2-3rd) 5th metacarpal, pisiform, hamate (carpals) Palmar aponeurosis Supination at the elbow Flexion and abduction at Flexion and adduction at Flexion at

5 Flexor digitorum profundus and superficialis Humerus, ulna, radius Middle (FDS) and distal (FDP) phlanges #2-5 Flexor Pollicus Longus Radius and ulna Distal phalanx #1 Extensor carpi radialis Extensor carpi radialis brevis Extensor carpi Ulnaris Extensor digitorum Extensor Pollicis Longus Lateral supracondylar ridge of ; ulna Base of 2nd metacarpal Base of 3rd metacarpal Base of 5th metacarpal Phalanges #2-5 Ulna Phalanx #1 Flexion at and fingers Flexion at and thumb Extension and abduction at Extension and abduction at Extension and adduction at Extension at and fingers Extension at and thumb

6 Muscles Crossing the Hip and Knee Joint Psoas major Iliacus Sartorius Adductor magnus Lumbar Iliac Fossa Anterior superior iliac spine Ischium and pubis Lesser trochanter of Lesser trochanter of the Medial aspect of proximal tibia (pes anserine) Linea aspera and adductor tubercle Flexes the hip Flexes the hip Flexes, adducts and externally rotates the hip, also flexes the knee Adducts the thigh Adductor Pubis (Anterior) Linea aspera Adducts the thigh Adductor brevis Pectineus Gracilis Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis Vastus medialis Vastus intermedius Tensor fasciae latae Pubis (Inferior) Pubis Pubis (Inferior) Anterior inferior iliac spine Greater trochanter, Linea aspera,and intertrochanteric line of Linea aspera, intertrochanteric line Anterior surface of Iliac crest, and anterior superior iliac spine Linea aspera above adductor Lesser trochanter to linea aspera of Medial surface of tibia (pes anserine) Iliotibial tract (IT band) Gluteus maximus Ilium, sacrum, and coccyx Femur and iliotibial tract Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Biceps femoris Semitendinosis Lateral surface of the ilium Lateral surface of the ilium Two heads: Long head, Ischial / Short head, linea aspera Ischial Greater trochanter of Greater trochanter of Head of fibula and lateral side of tibia Medial Tibia (pes anserine) Semimembranosus Ischial Medial side of the tibia Adducts the thigh Adducts, flexes and medial rotates the thigh Adducts the thigh, flexes the knee Extends the knee and flexes the hip Extension of the knee Extension of the knee Extension of the knee Flexes and abducts the hip Extends and externally rotates the hip Abducts and internally rotates the hip Abducts and internally rotates the hip Extends the hip and flexes the knee Extends the hip and flexes the knee Extends the hip and flexes the knee Popliteus Posterolateral Femur Posteromedial Tibia Flexes the knee

7 Muscles of The Lower Leg Gastrocnemius Soleus Tibialis anterior Tibialis posterior Two heads from medial and lateral condyles of Proximal posterior tibia and head of fibula Lateral condyle and shaft of tibia Tibia and Fibula (Posterior) Achilles tendon to calcaneus Achilles tendon to calcaneus medial cuneiform and first metatarsal Bases of 2-5 metatarsals and cuneiforms Flexor digitorum Tibia (Posterior) Distal phalanges 2-5 Extensor digitorum Lateral condyle of tibia, anterior fibula middle and distal phalanges 2-5 Flexor hallucis Fibula (Posterior) Distal phalanx #1 Extensor hallucis Peroneus (fibularis) tertius Peroneus (fibularis) Peroneus (fibularis) brevis Plantaris Fibula (Anterior) Fibula (Anterior distal) Head of Fibula Fibula (Lateral) Lateral condyle of Distal phalanx of big toe 5th metatarsal Base of the 1st metatarsal Base of the 5th metatarsal Achilles tendon to calcaneus Plantarflexion of the ankle and flexion of the knee Plantarflexion of the ankle Dorsiflexion and inversion of the ankle Plantarflexion and inversion of the ankle Flexion of the toes and plantarflexion and inversion the ankle Toe extension and Dorsiflexion of the ankle Flexion of the great toe and plantarflexion and inversion of the ankle Extension of the big toe, dorsiflexion of the ankle Dorsiflexion and eversion of the ankle Plantarflexion and eversion of the ankle Plantarflexion and eversion of the ankle Plantarflexion of the ankle and flexion of the knee

MUSCLE THAT ORIGINATE ON. Upper part of dorsal surface of axillary border. Dorsal surface of inferior angle & lower part of axillary border of scapula

MUSCLE THAT ORIGINATE ON. Upper part of dorsal surface of axillary border. Dorsal surface of inferior angle & lower part of axillary border of scapula MUSCLE THAT ORIGINATE ON SCAPULA Supraspinatus: Teres Minor: Teres Major: Subscapularis: Infraspinatus: Triceps Brachii: Biceps Brachii: Deltoid Middle: Posterior Deltoid: Supraspinous fossa Upper part

More information

Muscles of Mastication

Muscles of Mastication Muscles of Mastication Masseter Zygomatic Arch Mandibular angle Elevates mandible Mandibular ramus Temporalis Temporal fossa of the temporal bone Coronoid process of the mandible Elevates mandible Retracts

More information

Skin of eyebrows galea aponeurotica. Muscle and skin of mouth

Skin of eyebrows galea aponeurotica. Muscle and skin of mouth : SEE ALSO THE AP SITE FOR OTHER TABLES GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEMM Muscles of the Head and Neck: Occipitofrontalis Frontalis Occipitalis Orbicularis oculi Orbicularis oris Buccinator Masseter

More information

Muscle Name Origin Insertion Action Innervation Muscles of Upper Extremity Pectoralis Major Medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal

Muscle Name Origin Insertion Action Innervation Muscles of Upper Extremity Pectoralis Major Medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal Muscle Name Origin Insertion Action Innervation Muscles of Upper Extremity Pectoralis Major Medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal Crest of greater tubercle (Lateral lip of bicipital groove)

More information

ACTIVITIES 5 & 6: APPENDICULAR AND AXIAL MUSCLES

ACTIVITIES 5 & 6: APPENDICULAR AND AXIAL MUSCLES ACTIVITIES 5 & 6: APPENDICULAR AND AXIAL MUSCLES Objectives: 1) How to get ready: Read Chapter 11 & 12, McKinley et al., Human Anatomy, 4e. All text references are for this textbook. Begin identifying

More information

Joint Range of Motion Chart- Hip

Joint Range of Motion Chart- Hip Joint Range of Chart- Hip Name Age Flexion- Knee Extended Psoas, Iliacus 90 Flexion- Knee Flexed Psoas, Iliacus 120 Biceps Femoris (long head) Semimembranosus Semitendinosus 35-45 Medial/ Internal Adductor

More information

Chapter 11. The Muscular System. Appendicular Musculature. Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College

Chapter 11. The Muscular System. Appendicular Musculature. Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College Chapter 11 The Muscular System Appendicular Musculature Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College Introduction Appendicular Musculature Appendicular muscles are responsible for:

More information

Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists

Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists Flexes Thigh At Hip 1.Iliopsoas 2.Sartorius 3.Pectineus 4.Tensor Fasciae Latae 5.Adductor Longus 6.Adductor Magnus 7.Rectus Femoris Extends Thigh at Hip 1.Gluteus

More information

Muscle Origin Insertion Innervation Function. Iliotibial tract of fascia latae. Medial surface of the tibia just inferomedial to the tibial tuberosity

Muscle Origin Insertion Innervation Function. Iliotibial tract of fascia latae. Medial surface of the tibia just inferomedial to the tibial tuberosity KinetaCore Functional Dry Needling Level I Muscle Chart Listed below are the muscles you will be expected to treat in FDN Level 1. Use this chart as a guide to focus on attachments, segments of innervation,

More information

Objectives. Gross Anatomy: Muscles of the Arm and Leg MUSCLES OF UPPER ARM MUSCLES OF LOWER ARM

Objectives. Gross Anatomy: Muscles of the Arm and Leg MUSCLES OF UPPER ARM MUSCLES OF LOWER ARM Objectives Gross Anatomy: s of the Arm and Leg Chapter 6 1. Name and locate major muscles of the human body on a torso or diagram. 2. State the action of the major muscles of the human body 3. State the

More information

Lab 8 FUNTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #8 LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE

Lab 8 FUNTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #8 LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE FUNTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #8 LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE The following tips will help you in naming the muscles of the leg and foot: The Tibia is located on the medial side of the leg. The Fibula is

More information

Buccinator Presses cheek against molar teeth Facial (CNVII) wrinkles forehead

Buccinator Presses cheek against molar teeth Facial (CNVII) wrinkles forehead Muscles to Identify on the Cadaver and/or Models You are required to identify each of the following muscles or associated structures on the cadavers and/or models in lab. If the box is shaded in a particular

More information

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Epicranius Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Covers upper cranium Raises eyebrows, surprise, headaches Parts Frontalis Occipitalis Epicranial aponeurosis Orbicularis oculi Ring (sphincter)

More information

Chapter 8. Muscular System: Skeletal Muscles of the Body

Chapter 8. Muscular System: Skeletal Muscles of the Body Chapter 8 Muscular System: Skeletal Muscles of the Body INTRODUCTION This chapter continues our study of the muscular system by examining the distribution of muscles throughout the body. We learned in

More information

Anatomy of Human Muscles

Anatomy of Human Muscles Anatomy of Human Muscles PURPOSE: To develop skill in identifying muscle names and locations relative to other regional structures. To determine origin, insertion and principle action of muscles through

More information

MUSCLES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY: Movement of the hip and leg: Anterior Compartment Thigh Muscles:

MUSCLES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY: Movement of the hip and leg: Anterior Compartment Thigh Muscles: MUSCLES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY: Movement of the hip and leg: Anterior Compartment Thigh Muscles: Pectineus O: Superior ramus of pubis. Flexes, adducts and assists with medial rotation of hip. Nerve: Femoral

More information

Freestyle Swimming Muscle Analysis 1. A Comprehensive Joint and Muscle Analysis Regarding the Motion of Freestyle Swimming

Freestyle Swimming Muscle Analysis 1. A Comprehensive Joint and Muscle Analysis Regarding the Motion of Freestyle Swimming Freestyle Swimming Muscle Analysis 1 A Comprehensive Joint and Muscle Analysis Regarding the Motion of Freestyle Swimming Shawn Mantici and Mike Herrmann Rowan University Author Note Shawn Mantici and

More information

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Station #1 Vertebral Column Objectives: 1. Identify the parts of a typical vertebrae 2. Identify cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

More information

Abductor Pollicis Longus. Biceps Brachii. Brachioradialis. Brachialis. Deltoid. Calcaneal Tendon. Muscles of the Arms & Legs

Abductor Pollicis Longus. Biceps Brachii. Brachioradialis. Brachialis. Deltoid. Calcaneal Tendon. Muscles of the Arms & Legs Abductor Pollicis Longus Biceps Brachii Brachioradialis Brachialis Calcaneal Tendon Deltoid Extensor Digitorum Longus Extensor Digitorum Fibularis Longus & Fibularis Brevis Flexor Carpi Radialis Flexor

More information

DIGASTRICUS. Palpation and massage

DIGASTRICUS. Palpation and massage DIGASTRICUS Function and PIR Home therapy 6 SPLENIUS Anatomy Function and PIR Home therapy 7 SEMISPINALIS; MULTIFUNDI; ROTATORES Anatomy Function and PIR Home therapy 8 RECTUS CAPITIS POSTERIOR MAJOR &

More information

FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE

FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE The following tips will help you in naming the muscles of the forearm and hand: The Ulna is located on the pinky side of the wrist, the Radius

More information

Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY

Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY Upper Extremity BONES 1. Which end of the clavicle is on the lateral side (acromial or sternal)? Acromial 2. Describe the difference in the appearance of the acromial and sternal

More information

In which arm muscle are intramuscular injections most often given? (not in text)

In which arm muscle are intramuscular injections most often given? (not in text) AP1 Lab 9 - Muscles of the Arms and Legs Locate the following muscles on the models and on yourself. Recall anatomical position. Directional terms such as anterior, posterior, lateral, etc. all assume

More information

Lab 09 SGOs: Muscle Gross Anatomy (20 points)

Lab 09 SGOs: Muscle Gross Anatomy (20 points) Pierce College Putman/Biol 241 Name: Lab 09 SGOs: Muscle Gross Anatomy (20 points) Lab Report 8: Marieb & Mitchell 9 th Ed: Exercise 15 (Activities 1-4) + Review Sheet; 10 th Ed: Exercise 13 (Activities

More information

BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy. Pre reading booklet Fundamentals of Anatomy workbook 2016

BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy. Pre reading booklet Fundamentals of Anatomy workbook 2016 BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy Pre reading booklet Fundamentals of Anatomy workbook 2016 Copyright of Hartpury College 2016 1. Introduction In order to be an effective and efficient graduate sports therapist,

More information

38 CFR 4.73 Schedule of Ratings-Muscle Injuries HANDOUT 2

38 CFR 4.73 Schedule of Ratings-Muscle Injuries HANDOUT 2 The Shoulder Girdle and Arm 5301 Group I. Function: Upward rotation of scapula; elevation of arm above shoulder level. Extrinsic muscles of shoulder girdle: 1. Trapezius; 2. levator scapulae; 3. serratus

More information

Muscles. Fascicle Orientation of Muscles. Chapter 10 Objectives: The Muscular System

Muscles. Fascicle Orientation of Muscles. Chapter 10 Objectives: The Muscular System Chapter 10 Objectives: The Muscular System Learn major groupings of Skeletal muscles Understand how movements occur at joints Learn the origin, insertion, function of some major muscles Muscles about 600

More information

Muscle/Tendon/Ligament List

Muscle/Tendon/Ligament List Raynor Neck Brachiocephalicus 120-1,144 38, 39 55 temporal bone two parts: ventral branch of accessory and axillary To move head and neck to the side. When head and neck are fixed, it's the primary forward

More information

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy 5 minutes Breath of Arrival and Attendance 5 minutes Howdy Partner 35 minutes Anterior Anatomy using Power Point Presentation 5 minutes Overview of skeletal segments 5 minutes

More information

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM BIOLOGY 211: HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ****************************************************************************************************** GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM ******************************************************************************************************

More information

Knee Muscle Actions. Popliteus (externally rotates femur if foot is planted; internally rotates tibia if foot is free)

Knee Muscle Actions. Popliteus (externally rotates femur if foot is planted; internally rotates tibia if foot is free) Knee Muscle Actions Knee Extension (Concentric) Quads (Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius) (Rectus Femoris Also flexes hip!!!) Knee Flexion (Concentric) Hamstrings (Biceps

More information

بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم

بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم The introduction * The lower muscles are subdivided according to regional origin which indicates the bone of lower limb that affected of muscle contraction into: 1. Muscles of gluteal

More information

BIOL 4260 Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lecture 14: Shoulder, Arm, Hand. Lecture 2: Fossil Record

BIOL 4260 Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lecture 14: Shoulder, Arm, Hand. Lecture 2: Fossil Record BIOL 4260 Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lecture 14: Shoulder, Arm, Hand Lecture 2: Fossil Record Appendicular Musculature Functions: Stabilizing the pectoral and pelvic girdles Moving the upper and lower

More information

Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature

Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature Question No. 1 of 10 There are a number of muscles that position the girdle and coordinate with the muscles that move

More information

Name the muscle, A: (Action), O: (Origin), and I: (Insertion)

Name the muscle, A: (Action), O: (Origin), and I: (Insertion) FRONTALIS - A: (Action) Elevates eyebrows in glancing upward and expressions of surprise or fright; draws scalp forward and wrinkles skin of forehead; O: (Origin) Galea aponeurotica; I: Subcutaneous tissue

More information

Ken Ross BSc ST, Nat Dip ST

Ken Ross BSc ST, Nat Dip ST Ken Ross BSc ST, Nat Dip ST Trunk Most people will suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. Good spinal posture places minimal strain on the muscles which maintain the natural curve of the spine

More information

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18 Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18 Movements of the Upper Limb - Introduction This module presents the nomenclature of movement at the joints of the upper limb. When you first approach the upper

More information

Chapter 10: The Muscular System

Chapter 10: The Muscular System Chapter 10: The Muscular System Objectives: 1. Describe the function of prime movers, antagonists, synergists, and fixators. 2. List the criteria used in naming muscles. Provide an example to illustrate

More information

[SECTION A : ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY] Anatomy and Physiology

[SECTION A : ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY] Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy and Physiology This section focuses on the impact of physical activity on the systems of the body and on young people s participation and performance in physical activity as part of a balanced,

More information

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Lower Limb - Page 1 of 12

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Lower Limb - Page 1 of 12 Movements of the Lower Limb - Page 1 of 12 Movements of the Lower Limb - Introduction This module presents the nomenclature of movement at the joints of the lower limb. When you first approach your study

More information

Chapter 11 The Muscular System. Muscle Attachment Sites: Origin and Insertion

Chapter 11 The Muscular System. Muscle Attachment Sites: Origin and Insertion Chapter 11 The Muscular System Skeletal muscle major groupings How movements occur at specific joints Learn the origin, insertion, function and innervation of all major muscles Important to allied health

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Muscles of the Spinal Column. Chapter 12

Muscles of the Spinal Column. Chapter 12 Muscles of the Spinal Column Chapter 12 Cervical Muscles Splenius Splenius (capitis and cervicis) Origin: Cervicis spinous process of T3-T6 Capitis - lower half of ligmentum nuchea & spinous process of

More information

raises the eyebrows wrinkles the forehead horizontally and inferiorly wrinkles the forehead vertically (frowning)

raises the eyebrows wrinkles the forehead horizontally and inferiorly wrinkles the forehead vertically (frowning) EYE EXPRESSIONS 1 Frontalis Corrugator supercilii 2 Levator palpebrae superioris 3 galea aponeurotica arch of frontal bone above nasal bone tendinous band around optic foramen (near annular ring) skin

More information

Kinesio Taping. Muscle Anatomy and Basic Tape Application

Kinesio Taping. Muscle Anatomy and Basic Tape Application Kinesio Taping Muscle Anatomy and Basic Tape Application Why Kinesio Tape? The method of kinesio taping is derived from the science of kinesiology and uses the body s own natural healing process by recognizing

More information

Muscular System. Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body

Muscular System. Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body Muscular System Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body Structures to be identified: Muscle actions: Extension Flexion Abduction

More information

Chapter 2: Human Anatomy. ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition

Chapter 2: Human Anatomy. ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition Chapter 2: Human Anatomy ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition Anatomical Terminology Anterior (Ventral) Toward the Front Medial Toward the Midline of the Body Posterior (Dorsal) Toward the Back Lateral

More information

Practical 1 Worksheet- KEY

Practical 1 Worksheet- KEY Practical 1 Worksheet- KEY ANATOMICAL TERMS 1. Use the word bank to fill in the missing words. All anatomical terms have a(n) reference point which is called the This is a(n) forward facing position where

More information

ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT

ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT Introductory anatomy of the skeletal and muscular systems The skeletal system A general overview of the skeletal system is meant to be used as an introduction, but will not be directly examined. Your main

More information

Mink Dissection of Muscles

Mink Dissection of Muscles In this portion of our study of the Mink, we will be focusing on the muscular system. These instructions tell you what muscles you are to identify and provide instructions on information you are expected

More information

The Muscular System. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

The Muscular System. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 11 The Muscular System PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College North Harris An Introduction to the Muscular System Learning Outcomes 11-1 Describe the arrangement of

More information

Questions on muscles. Q1: A muscles source of energy is: Q2: A muscle provides movement by: Q3: What holds a muscle to a bone?

Questions on muscles. Q1: A muscles source of energy is: Q2: A muscle provides movement by: Q3: What holds a muscle to a bone? Questions on muscles Q1: A muscles source of energy is: [ A ] Glucose [ B ] Oxygen [ C ] Lactic acid [ D ] Fibre Q2: A muscle provides movement by: [ A ] Pronating [ B ] Pivoting [ C ] Pulling [ D ] Pushing

More information

Isolating UE muscles with Manual Muscle Testing

Isolating UE muscles with Manual Muscle Testing Shoulder Flexion Isolation of Anterior Deltoid Patient starts in sitting position Arm placed in shoulder abduction (~90 o ) with shoulder flexion (~90 o ) and slight external rotation Stabilize: With one

More information

Idaho State University Physical Therapist Assistant Program

Idaho State University Physical Therapist Assistant Program Idaho State University Physical Therapist Assistant Program PTA 104 Introduction to Kinesiology Challenge Exam ISU PTA Program Campus Box 8380 Pocatello, ID. 83209 Instructors: Darin Jernigan MSPT Jake

More information

The Iliopsoas Group Muscle origin insertion innervation function Psoas (major and minor) transverse processes of lesser trochanter of femoral nerve

The Iliopsoas Group Muscle origin insertion innervation function Psoas (major and minor) transverse processes of lesser trochanter of femoral nerve Gluteal Muscles Two nerve plexuses: sacral and lumbar Lumbar plexus contains femoral and obturator nerves Sacral plexus contains gluteal (superior/inferior), sciatic, common fibular, tibial common nerves

More information

Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include:

Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include: Muscles Crossing the Shoulder joint: Movements of the Arm Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include: Pectoralis major arm flexion Latissimus dorsi and posterior

More information

Crowther s Tenth Martini, Chapter 11 Winter 2015

Crowther s Tenth Martini, Chapter 11 Winter 2015 Chapter 11: The Muscular System Chapter 11 can be described as a whole lot of muscle anatomy plus a few notes on muscle architecture and lever mechanics. In this summary we will focus on the conceptual

More information

The Trunk. Vertebral Column. Pelvis Rib Cage. Mobility Protects Spinal Cord

The Trunk. Vertebral Column. Pelvis Rib Cage. Mobility Protects Spinal Cord The Trunk Vertebral Column Mobility Protects Spinal Cord Pelvis Rib Cage Landmarks of the trunk Vertebral Column Back View - Extended Pyramid Side View - S Shaped curve Occupies about ½ the diameter of

More information

THE SHOULDER JOINT T H E G L E N O H U M E R A L ( G H ) J O I N T

THE SHOULDER JOINT T H E G L E N O H U M E R A L ( G H ) J O I N T THE SHOULDER JOINT T H E G L E N O H U M E R A L ( G H ) J O I N T CLARIFICATION OF TERMS Shoulder girdle = scapula and clavicle Shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) = scapula and humerus Lippert, p115

More information

Neck Extensor Stretch Muscle(s) Targeted: Erector Spinae. Assume start position standing or sitting

Neck Extensor Stretch Muscle(s) Targeted: Erector Spinae. Assume start position standing or sitting Neck Extensor Stretch Muscle(s) Targeted: Erector Spinae. Interlock your hands behind the head towards the top of the head. Inhale and then exhale as you pull your head forward. Try to touch your chin

More information

SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 2016 Suite Cambridge TECHNICALS LEVEL 3 SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Unit 1 Body systems and the effects of physical activity K/507/4452 Guided learning hours: 90 Version 2 - Revised content - March 2016

More information

The Muscular System. Appendicular Musculature

The Muscular System. Appendicular Musculature 11 The Muscular System Appendicular Musculature CHAPTER OBJECTIVES 1. Describe the functions of the appendicular musculature. 2. Identify and locate the principal appendicular muscles of the body, together

More information

21. Because the biceps brachii muscle flexes the forearm when it contracts, most of the muscle lies

21. Because the biceps brachii muscle flexes the forearm when it contracts, most of the muscle lies MUSCLE REVIEW 2 21. Because the biceps brachii muscle flexes the forearm when it contracts, most of the muscle lies a. anterior to the humerus b. posterior to the humerus c. anterior to the ulna and radius

More information

10/17/2012. Muscles Promoting Facial Expressions ORIGIN: epicranial aponeurosis (tendinous sheet)

10/17/2012. Muscles Promoting Facial Expressions ORIGIN: epicranial aponeurosis (tendinous sheet) Muscles Promoting Facial Expressions epicranial aponeurosis (tendinous sheet) Frontalis (Epicranius) raises eyebrows; wrinkles forehead skin of eyebrows; root of nose occipital bone; temporal bone epicranial

More information

Section Section 4. Muscles and Movements Dr. Larry Van Such.

Section Section 4. Muscles and Movements Dr. Larry Van Such. Section 4 25 Section 4 Muscles and Movements Section 4 26 HIP FLEXORS Psoas Iliacus Sartorius Pectineus Adductor Longus Adductor Brevis Rectus Femoris Figure 4-1a. Hip Flexors. The hip flexor muscles (also

More information

Learning Outcomes. For the module students must achieve the following outcomes:

Learning Outcomes. For the module students must achieve the following outcomes: Module Rationale Musculoskeletal Anatomy will introduce learners to basic anatomical structures of the upper and lower body and serves as an important underpinning base of knowledge. The scope of the module

More information

Chapter 9 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle

Chapter 9 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Reprinted by permission. The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle Chapter 9 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle Structural Kinesiology R.T. Floyd, Ed.D, ATC, CSCS Hip joint

More information

Muscles of the Lower Limb Muscle Origin Insertion Action Innervation Artery Notes. toe; flexes the metatarsophalage al joint

Muscles of the Lower Limb Muscle Origin Insertion Action Innervation Artery Notes. toe; flexes the metatarsophalage al joint Muscles of Lower Limb Muscle Origin Insertion Action Innervation Artery Notes and side of abducts 5th abductor digiti sides base of toe; flexes minimi forms of metatarsophalage of al joint margin of 5th

More information

Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton. Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey

Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton. Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina 27215 HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey 2, 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

More information

Diagnostic MSK Case Submission Requirements

Diagnostic MSK Case Submission Requirements Diagnostic MSK Case Submission Requirements Note: MSK Ultrasound-Guided Interventional Procedures (USGIP) is considered a separate specialty. Corresponds with 4/21/16 Accred Newsletter* From the main site:

More information

Practical 1 Worksheet

Practical 1 Worksheet Practical 1 Worksheet ANATOMICAL TERMS 1. Use the word bank to fill in the missing words. reference side stand body arms palms anatomical forward All anatomical terms have a(n) point which is called the

More information

Principles of Active Isolated Stretching

Principles of Active Isolated Stretching Active Isolated Stretching Lower Body Taught by: Bruce Baltz, LMT Sponsored By: Principles of Active Isolated Stretching The client should start to exhale at the beginning of each stretch; this will help

More information

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine. Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine. head neck greater trochanter intertrochanteric line lesser trochanter

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine. Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine. head neck greater trochanter intertrochanteric line lesser trochanter Ilium Bones The Skeleton Ischium Pubis Sacro-iliac Joint Iliac Crest Anterior Superior Superior Pubic Ramus Anterior Inferior Acetabulum Obturator Foramen Ischio-pubic ramus Ischial tuberosity Pubic Crest

More information

The Pilates Studio of Los Angeles / PilatesCertificationOnline.com

The Pilates Studio of Los Angeles / PilatesCertificationOnline.com Anatomy Review Part I Anatomical Terminology and Review Questions (through pg. 80) Define the following: 1. Sagittal Plane 2. Frontal or Coronal Plane 3. Horizontal Plane 4. Superior 5. Inferior 6. Anterior

More information

K. Bo Foreman, PT, PhD. Hand. Hand

K. Bo Foreman, PT, PhD. Hand. Hand Hand Hand - Osteology Carpal bones (8) 1. Scaphoid 2. Lunate 3. Triquetrum 4. Pisiform 5. Trapezium 6. Trapezoid 7. Capitate 8. Hamate Metacarpal bones I-V (5) Phalanges (14) Joints Interphalangeal (DIP

More information

In the name of GOD M U S C U L A R S Y S T E M F O R P A R A M E D I C I N E S T U D E N T D R. S A E E D N I A

In the name of GOD M U S C U L A R S Y S T E M F O R P A R A M E D I C I N E S T U D E N T D R. S A E E D N I A In the name of GOD M U S C U L A R S Y S T E M F O R P A R A M E D I C I N E S T U D E N T D R. S A E E D N I A Muscular system Muscle Specialized cells Contractile proteins Muscle types: 1. Skeletal m.

More information

Chapter 10 Lecture Outline

Chapter 10 Lecture Outline Chapter 10 Lecture Outline See separate PowerPoint slides for all figures and tables preinserted into PowerPoint without notes. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or

More information

GROSS ANATOMY. Unit #4: Upper and Lower Limbs. Lecture Syllabus 2008

GROSS ANATOMY. Unit #4: Upper and Lower Limbs. Lecture Syllabus 2008 GROSS ANATOMY Lecture Syllabus 2008 Unit #4: Upper and Lower Limbs ANAT 6010 - Gross Anatomy Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy University of Utah School of Medicine G24- Upper Limb Overview, Shoulder,

More information

Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of Trunk and Lower Extremity Exercises

Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of Trunk and Lower Extremity Exercises Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of and Lower 2007 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 13-1 Muscular Analysis of & Lower Strength, endurance, & flexibility of the lower extremity, trunk, & muscles

More information

Extensor compartment of forearm

Extensor compartment of forearm Extensor compartment of forearm Muscles- Occur in two layers Superficial layer Deep layer Muscles are associated with movement of wrist, extension of fingers & thumb & supination Superficial layer- Brachioradialis

More information

@ lat-issimus dorsi 13 palmaris longus !'' I ~ 1: I FIG. 14. SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES OF THE THORAX AND FORELIMB, VENTRAL VIEW

@ lat-issimus dorsi 13 palmaris longus !'' I ~ 1: I FIG. 14. SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES OF THE THORAX AND FORELIMB, VENTRAL VIEW . ~ FIG. 14. SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES OF THE THORAX AND FORELIMB, VENTRAL VIEW!'' I ~ 1: I I i ~ \.-------scapula.------subscapular fossa ;-----coracoid process.-----lesser tuberosity r"-'-- -;f?~~~---- bicipital

More information

Dissection 4: Forearm and Hand

Dissection 4: Forearm and Hand Dissection 4: Forearm and Hand Objective 1) Identify the major processes of the distal humerus, the ulna, the radius and the joints formed by each. Identify the ligaments, joint capsule, the tendons and

More information

Anatomy and Pathomechanics of the Sacrum and Pelvis. Charles R. Thompson Head Athletic Trainer Princeton University

Anatomy and Pathomechanics of the Sacrum and Pelvis. Charles R. Thompson Head Athletic Trainer Princeton University Anatomy and Pathomechanics of the Sacrum and Pelvis Charles R. Thompson Head Athletic Trainer Princeton University Simplify Everything There are actually only three bones: Two innominates, one sacrum.

More information

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Sport Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Sport Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport FRONT SHEET - Centre Number: 68706 Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport Student Name: Date Set 4/1/12 Date to be handed in 10/1/12 Assignment 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport

More information

US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 1

US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 1 US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 1 US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 2 2011 PPLL 11 & 12 Lower Limb Muscles John Fitzsimmons, M.D. Page 1 of 4 I. Related Readings:

More information

Release: 2. SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement

Release: 2. SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement Release: 2 SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement Modification History Not Applicable Unit Descriptor This unit describes the performance

More information

CHAPTER 3 - ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT

CHAPTER 3 - ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT CHAPTER 3 - ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT Text between pages 52 and 68, answers to questions on page 66 to 68 of the text book. Warm-up question 1) Hockey involves movement at many joints in the body. Identify

More information

Principles of Functional Exercise

Principles of Functional Exercise Principles of Functional Exercise FOR PROFESSIONAL FITNESS TRAINERS FIRST EDITION Charles DeFrancesco, NASM, NFPT Dr. Robert Inesta, DC, CCSp, CSCS For more information vist us online at: www.nfpt.com

More information

THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING

THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING 4 This chapter provides background information on the biomechanics most relevant to skiing. It outlines how the muscles and skeleton function as a system to create balanced movement.

More information

Chapter 8 - Muscular System 8.1 Introduction (p. 178 ) A. The three types of muscle in the body are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle. B.

Chapter 8 - Muscular System 8.1 Introduction (p. 178 ) A. The three types of muscle in the body are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle. B. Chapter 8 - Muscular System 8.1 Introduction (p. 178 ) A. The three types of muscle in the body are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle. B. This chapter focuses on skeletal muscle. 8.2 Structure of a

More information

Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid

Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid Neck is divided into 2 triangle (anterior & posterior) by the sternocleidomastoid muscle Anterior Triangle: Suprahyoid muscles (found above

More information

JOINTS, MUSCLES AND MOVEMENT

JOINTS, MUSCLES AND MOVEMENT JOINTS, MUSCLES AND MOVEMENT Bones of the Skeleton JOINTS AND MOVEMENT NAME OF BONE Cranium Clavicle Scapula Sternum Ribs Humerus Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Ilium/Pelvis Sacrum Coccyx Femur

More information

International Standards for the Classification of Spinal Cord Injury Motor Exam Guide

International Standards for the Classification of Spinal Cord Injury Motor Exam Guide C5 Elbow Flexors Biceps Brachii, Brachialis Patient Position: The shoulder is in neutral rotation, neutral flexion/extension, and adducted. The elbow is fully extended, with the forearm in full supination.

More information

Questions. Close-packed: Maximum congruency, tight i.e. Knee extension

Questions. Close-packed: Maximum congruency, tight i.e. Knee extension Plane: Sagittal Axis: Coronal Action: Flexion/Extension Plane: Frontal AKA Coronal Axis: Sagittal Abduction/Adduction Plane: Transverse AKA Horizontal Axis: Vertical Rotation Cardinal Plane: where all

More information

Detailed Knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, and Kinesiology

Detailed Knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, and Kinesiology Detailed Knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, and Kinesiology 2 chapter CHAPTER OUTLINE Areas of Competence Anatomical Position Planes of Motion Cavities of the Body Body Movements Types of Contractions Muscle

More information

Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System

Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System 107 Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System Adult Skull Bony orbit (FLEZMS) Frontal bone supraorbital foramen frontal sinus Lacrimal bone Ethmoid bone perpendicular plate of ethmoid middle nasal conchae cribriform

More information

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton consists of 80 bones in the head and trunk of the human body. In this lab you will look at the vertebral column, just one part of that

More information

Client Home Care Instructions

Client Home Care Instructions Client Home Care Instructions Stretches You need a stretch rope, towel, or even a long belt and only 5 minutes per day. The best time to stretch is after a warm shower when the muscles are warm. DO NOT

More information

Neurological anatomy of the lower limb

Neurological anatomy of the lower limb Neurological anatomy of the lower limb Learning Objectives. At the end of this course, you should be able to: 1. describe the basic anatomy of the spinal cord, and state how spinal nerves arise; 2. describe

More information

Deltoid Trapezius. Identify the muscle pair(s) that work together to produce the movements listed above.

Deltoid Trapezius. Identify the muscle pair(s) that work together to produce the movements listed above. Shoulder- the major muscles in this group are the infraspinatus, subscapularis, terems major, teres minor deltoid, and trapezius. These muscles work together to move the shoulder area, allowing you, for

More information