Anatomy of Human Muscles

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Anatomy of Human Muscles"

Transcription

1 Anatomy of Human Muscles PURPOSE: To develop skill in identifying muscle names and locations relative to other regional structures. To determine origin, insertion and principle action of muscles through analysis of muscle location, shape and arrangement. PROCEDURE Skeletal muscles, mainly under voluntary control are the muscles of most interest in gross anatomy for many reasons (muscle building, body contouring, sports training to name a few). They are attached at each end either to bone or connective tissue mostly via tendons (cordlike dense regular connective tissue) and aponeuroses (wide thin tendons). The origin is the attachment to the stationary bone which serves as the stronghold. The insertion is the attachment to the movable bone where the force applied by muscle contraction causes a specific movement. Each muscle attachment is relative with respect to body movements. In two different muscles, these attachments may be reversed. Muscle names are generally descriptive using one or more of seven criteria: 1. the location of the muscle 2. the relative size of the muscle 3. the shape of the muscle 4. the muscle origin and insertion 5. the direction of the muscle fascicles (bundles of muscle fibers), i.e. rectus (along a longitudinal axis), transverse (perpendicular to a longitudinal axis), oblique (across a longitudinal axis at an angle different than perpendicular) 6. the arrangement of fascicles within the muscle (pennate, orbicularis) 7. the principle action of the muscle The action of a muscle is the movement caused by that muscles contraction. Generally the movements possible are the following (16 mostly paired opposites): flexion or extension adduction or abduction medial rotation or lateral rotation supination or pronation inversion or eversion elevation or depression protrusion (protraction) or retrusion (retraction) opposition 1

2 circumduction Review these actions from your Anatomy 35 text and notes. Using Gilroy s Atlas of Anatomy and Clemente s Anatomy Dissector as your 1 st references, and your Anatomy 35 Human Anatomy text as your 2 nd reference, you will describe the position of each muscle listed in the following tables relative to other regional structures. Other references will be available in the cadaver lab to assist you in this research. Each student will fill in the following characteristics found in the heading of each table: origin, insertion, (Principle) Action, and Primary Nerve. By following each muscle to its attachments on a prosected cadaver, you will also see the origin and insertion. The principle action of the muscle can be determined by looking at the position, shape, angle, and attachments. Verify all of your findings with your references. Students will also be expected to determine the major blood vessels supplying the muscles listed. Prompts for this information can be found following the data tables. I. MUSCLES OF THE HEAD AND NECK 1. Muscles of Facial Expression Occipitofrontalis (frontal belly) Occipitofrontalis (occipital belly) Orbicularis oculi Levator labii superioris Zygomaticus major/minor Buccinator Orbicularis oris Levator anguli oris Depressor anguli oris Depressor labii inferioris Mentalis Platysma Risorius 2

3 the aorta and major tributaries to the internal and/or external jugular vein. 2. Muscles of Mastication Temporalis Masseter 3. Muscles of the Submandibular Region Digastric anterior belly Digastric posterior belly Stylohyoid Mylohyoid Geniohyoid the aorta and major tributaries to the internal and/or external jugular vein. 3

4 4. Muscles of the Anterior Neck Sternocleidomastoid Omohyoid (superior belly) Omohyoid (inferior belly) Sternohyoid Sternothyroid Thyrohyoid NOTE: 1. The anterior triangle of the neck has several subdivisions. What are these subdivisions? Identify the muscles from the previous tables that are found in each of these subdivisions. What other important structures are found in these subdivisions? the aorta and major tributaries to the internal and/or external jugular vein. 4

5 II. Muscles of the Trunk 1. Muscles of the Thoracic Wall Anterior Scalene Posterior Scalene Middle Scalene External intercostal Internal intercostal the aorta and major tributaries to the azygous vein and/or superior vena cava. 2. Intrinsic Back Muscles Splenius capitus Erector Spinae: a. Iliocostalis b. Longissimus c. Spinalis NOTE: What are the 3 portions of the semispinalis muscle? the aorta and major tributaries to the azygous vein. 5

6 3. Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall Diaphragm Quadratus lumborum Psoas major Iliacus the aorta and major tributaries to the azygous and/or inferior vena cava. 4. Muscles of Anterolateral Abdominal Wall External oblique Internal oblique Transversus abdominis Rectus abdominis the aorta and major tributaries to the azygous and/or inferior vena cava. 6

7 II. Muscles of the Upper Limb 1. Anterior Muscles of the Shoulder and Arm Pectoralis major Pectoralis minor Subclavius Serratus anterior Subscapularis Biceps brachii Coracobrachialis Brachialis Triceps brachii the aorta and major tributaries to the superior vena cava. 7

8 2. Posterior Muscles of the Shoulder and Arm Trapezius Latissimus dorsi Levator scapulae Rhomboid minor Rhomboid major Deltoid Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Teres minor Teres major NOTE: What is the rotator cuff? Which of these muscles compose the rotator cuff? the aorta and major tributaries to the azygous and/or vena cavae. 8

9 3. Anterior Forearm Muscles Pronator teres carpi radialis Palmaris longus carpi ulnaris digitorum superficialis digitorum profundus pollicus longus Pronator quadratus the aorta and major tributaries to the superior vena cava. 9

10 4. Posterior Forearm Muscles Brachioradialis Extensor carpi radialis longus Extensor carpi radialis brevis Extensor digitorum Extensor digiti minimi Extensor carpi ulnaris Anconeus Supinator Abductor pollicis longus Extensor pollicis longus Extensor pollicis brevis the aorta and major tributaries to the superior vena cava. 10

11 5. Intrinsic Hand Muscles Abductor pollicis brevis pollicis brevis Opponens pollicis Palmaris brevis Abductor digiti minimi digiti minimi Opponens digiti minimi the aorta and major tributaries to the superior vena cava. 11

12 IV. Muscles of the Lower Limb 1. Anterior Thigh Muscles Psoas major Iliacus Tensor fascia latae Sartorius Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis Vastus medialis Vastus intermedius the aorta and major tributaries to the azygous vein and/or the inferior vena cava. 12

13 2. Medial Thigh Muscles Pectineus Adductor longus Adductor magnus Gracilis the aorta and major tributaries to the inferior vena cava. 13

14 3. Muscles of the Gluteal Region Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Piriformis Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris the aorta and major tributaries to the inferior vena cava. 14

15 4. Posterior Thigh Muscles Semitendinosus Semimembranosus Biceps femoris the aorta and major tributaries to the inferior vena cava. 15

16 5. Muscles of the Anterolateral Leg Tibialis anterior Extensor hallucis longus Extensor digitorum longus Fibularis longus Fibularis brevis the aorta and major tributaries to the inferior vena cava. 16

17 6. Muscles of the Posterior Leg Gastrocnemius Soleus Plantaris Popliteus hallicus longus digitorum longus Tibialis posterior the aorta and major tributaries to the inferior vena cava. 17

18 7. Muscles in Sole of Foot Abductor hallucis digitorum brevis digitorum longus Abductor digiti minimi Quadratus plantae hallucis brevis Adductor hallucis digiti minimi brevis Extensor digitorum brevis 18

Lab 09 SGOs: Muscle Gross Anatomy (20 points)

Lab 09 SGOs: Muscle Gross Anatomy (20 points) Pierce College Putman/Biol 241 Name: Lab 09 SGOs: Muscle Gross Anatomy (20 points) Lab Report 8: Marieb & Mitchell 9 th Ed: Exercise 15 (Activities 1-4) + Review Sheet; 10 th Ed: Exercise 13 (Activities

More information

Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists

Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists Flexes Thigh At Hip 1.Iliopsoas 2.Sartorius 3.Pectineus 4.Tensor Fasciae Latae 5.Adductor Longus 6.Adductor Magnus 7.Rectus Femoris Extends Thigh at Hip 1.Gluteus

More information

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM BIOLOGY 211: HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ****************************************************************************************************** GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM ******************************************************************************************************

More information

DIGASTRICUS. Palpation and massage

DIGASTRICUS. Palpation and massage DIGASTRICUS Function and PIR Home therapy 6 SPLENIUS Anatomy Function and PIR Home therapy 7 SEMISPINALIS; MULTIFUNDI; ROTATORES Anatomy Function and PIR Home therapy 8 RECTUS CAPITIS POSTERIOR MAJOR &

More information

Joint Range of Motion Chart- Hip

Joint Range of Motion Chart- Hip Joint Range of Chart- Hip Name Age Flexion- Knee Extended Psoas, Iliacus 90 Flexion- Knee Flexed Psoas, Iliacus 120 Biceps Femoris (long head) Semimembranosus Semitendinosus 35-45 Medial/ Internal Adductor

More information

Freestyle Swimming Muscle Analysis 1. A Comprehensive Joint and Muscle Analysis Regarding the Motion of Freestyle Swimming

Freestyle Swimming Muscle Analysis 1. A Comprehensive Joint and Muscle Analysis Regarding the Motion of Freestyle Swimming Freestyle Swimming Muscle Analysis 1 A Comprehensive Joint and Muscle Analysis Regarding the Motion of Freestyle Swimming Shawn Mantici and Mike Herrmann Rowan University Author Note Shawn Mantici and

More information

Muscles. Fascicle Orientation of Muscles. Chapter 10 Objectives: The Muscular System

Muscles. Fascicle Orientation of Muscles. Chapter 10 Objectives: The Muscular System Chapter 10 Objectives: The Muscular System Learn major groupings of Skeletal muscles Understand how movements occur at joints Learn the origin, insertion, function of some major muscles Muscles about 600

More information

Chapter 11. The Muscular System. Appendicular Musculature. Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College

Chapter 11. The Muscular System. Appendicular Musculature. Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College Chapter 11 The Muscular System Appendicular Musculature Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College Introduction Appendicular Musculature Appendicular muscles are responsible for:

More information

Chapter 10: The Muscular System

Chapter 10: The Muscular System Chapter 10: The Muscular System Objectives: 1. Describe the function of prime movers, antagonists, synergists, and fixators. 2. List the criteria used in naming muscles. Provide an example to illustrate

More information

ACTIVITIES 5 & 6: APPENDICULAR AND AXIAL MUSCLES

ACTIVITIES 5 & 6: APPENDICULAR AND AXIAL MUSCLES ACTIVITIES 5 & 6: APPENDICULAR AND AXIAL MUSCLES Objectives: 1) How to get ready: Read Chapter 11 & 12, McKinley et al., Human Anatomy, 4e. All text references are for this textbook. Begin identifying

More information

38 CFR 4.73 Schedule of Ratings-Muscle Injuries HANDOUT 2

38 CFR 4.73 Schedule of Ratings-Muscle Injuries HANDOUT 2 The Shoulder Girdle and Arm 5301 Group I. Function: Upward rotation of scapula; elevation of arm above shoulder level. Extrinsic muscles of shoulder girdle: 1. Trapezius; 2. levator scapulae; 3. serratus

More information

Muscles of the Neck and Vertebral Column Sternocleidomastoid (anterior neck) Origin Insertion Action

Muscles of the Neck and Vertebral Column Sternocleidomastoid (anterior neck) Origin Insertion Action Muscular movements of the head (at the cervical spine/neck) and of the torso (thoracic and lumbar spine/upper, middle, and lower back): flexion, extension, lateral flexion, rotation. Muscles of the Neck

More information

Buccinator Presses cheek against molar teeth Facial (CNVII) wrinkles forehead

Buccinator Presses cheek against molar teeth Facial (CNVII) wrinkles forehead Muscles to Identify on the Cadaver and/or Models You are required to identify each of the following muscles or associated structures on the cadavers and/or models in lab. If the box is shaded in a particular

More information

Mink Dissection of Muscles

Mink Dissection of Muscles In this portion of our study of the Mink, we will be focusing on the muscular system. These instructions tell you what muscles you are to identify and provide instructions on information you are expected

More information

The Muscular System. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

The Muscular System. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 11 The Muscular System PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College North Harris An Introduction to the Muscular System Learning Outcomes 11-1 Describe the arrangement of

More information

MUSCLE THAT ORIGINATE ON. Upper part of dorsal surface of axillary border. Dorsal surface of inferior angle & lower part of axillary border of scapula

MUSCLE THAT ORIGINATE ON. Upper part of dorsal surface of axillary border. Dorsal surface of inferior angle & lower part of axillary border of scapula MUSCLE THAT ORIGINATE ON SCAPULA Supraspinatus: Teres Minor: Teres Major: Subscapularis: Infraspinatus: Triceps Brachii: Biceps Brachii: Deltoid Middle: Posterior Deltoid: Supraspinous fossa Upper part

More information

Anatomy & Physiology 120. Lab #7 Muscle Tissue and Skeletal Muscles

Anatomy & Physiology 120. Lab #7 Muscle Tissue and Skeletal Muscles Anatomy & Physiology 120 Lab #7 Muscle Tissue and Skeletal Muscles What you Need to Know Look briefly at the Structure of: 1) Skeletal, 2) Smooth & 3) Cardiac Muscle Naming, Identification, Functions You

More information

Chapter 10 Lecture Outline

Chapter 10 Lecture Outline Chapter 10 Lecture Outline See separate PowerPoint slides for all figures and tables preinserted into PowerPoint without notes. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or

More information

BIOL 4260 Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lecture 14: Shoulder, Arm, Hand. Lecture 2: Fossil Record

BIOL 4260 Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lecture 14: Shoulder, Arm, Hand. Lecture 2: Fossil Record BIOL 4260 Human Evolutionary Anatomy Lecture 14: Shoulder, Arm, Hand Lecture 2: Fossil Record Appendicular Musculature Functions: Stabilizing the pectoral and pelvic girdles Moving the upper and lower

More information

Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include:

Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include: Muscles Crossing the Shoulder joint: Movements of the Arm Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include: Pectoralis major arm flexion Latissimus dorsi and posterior

More information

Chapter 8. Muscular System: Skeletal Muscles of the Body

Chapter 8. Muscular System: Skeletal Muscles of the Body Chapter 8 Muscular System: Skeletal Muscles of the Body INTRODUCTION This chapter continues our study of the muscular system by examining the distribution of muscles throughout the body. We learned in

More information

Knee Muscle Actions. Popliteus (externally rotates femur if foot is planted; internally rotates tibia if foot is free)

Knee Muscle Actions. Popliteus (externally rotates femur if foot is planted; internally rotates tibia if foot is free) Knee Muscle Actions Knee Extension (Concentric) Quads (Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius) (Rectus Femoris Also flexes hip!!!) Knee Flexion (Concentric) Hamstrings (Biceps

More information

Skin of eyebrows galea aponeurotica. Muscle and skin of mouth

Skin of eyebrows galea aponeurotica. Muscle and skin of mouth : SEE ALSO THE AP SITE FOR OTHER TABLES GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEMM Muscles of the Head and Neck: Occipitofrontalis Frontalis Occipitalis Orbicularis oculi Orbicularis oris Buccinator Masseter

More information

Chapter 6: The Muscular System

Chapter 6: The Muscular System Chapter 6: The Muscular System I. Overview of Muscle Tissues Objectives: Describe the similarities and differences in the structure and function of the three types of muscle tissue, and indicate where

More information

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Lower Limb - Page 1 of 12

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Lower Limb - Page 1 of 12 Movements of the Lower Limb - Page 1 of 12 Movements of the Lower Limb - Introduction This module presents the nomenclature of movement at the joints of the lower limb. When you first approach your study

More information

[SECTION A : ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY] Anatomy and Physiology

[SECTION A : ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY] Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy and Physiology This section focuses on the impact of physical activity on the systems of the body and on young people s participation and performance in physical activity as part of a balanced,

More information

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18 Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18 Movements of the Upper Limb - Introduction This module presents the nomenclature of movement at the joints of the upper limb. When you first approach the upper

More information

Chapter 11 The Muscular System. Muscle Attachment Sites: Origin and Insertion

Chapter 11 The Muscular System. Muscle Attachment Sites: Origin and Insertion Chapter 11 The Muscular System Skeletal muscle major groupings How movements occur at specific joints Learn the origin, insertion, function and innervation of all major muscles Important to allied health

More information

PRIMARY HUMAN ANATOMY: BIOL20600 SPRING 2014

PRIMARY HUMAN ANATOMY: BIOL20600 SPRING 2014 PRIMARY HUMAN ANATOMY: BIOL20600 SPRING 2014 Instructors: Kit Muma, Rm. 158 CNS, (607) 274-3610, muma@ithaca.edu Michelle Bamberger, Rm. 118A Williams Hall, mbamberger@ithaca.edu Mark Baustian, Rm. 118A

More information

Muscular System. Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body

Muscular System. Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body Muscular System Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body Structures to be identified: Muscle actions: Extension Flexion Abduction

More information

Abductor Pollicis Longus. Biceps Brachii. Brachioradialis. Brachialis. Deltoid. Calcaneal Tendon. Muscles of the Arms & Legs

Abductor Pollicis Longus. Biceps Brachii. Brachioradialis. Brachialis. Deltoid. Calcaneal Tendon. Muscles of the Arms & Legs Abductor Pollicis Longus Biceps Brachii Brachioradialis Brachialis Calcaneal Tendon Deltoid Extensor Digitorum Longus Extensor Digitorum Fibularis Longus & Fibularis Brevis Flexor Carpi Radialis Flexor

More information

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Epicranius Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Covers upper cranium Raises eyebrows, surprise, headaches Parts Frontalis Occipitalis Epicranial aponeurosis Orbicularis oculi Ring (sphincter)

More information

Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature

Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature Question No. 1 of 10 There are a number of muscles that position the girdle and coordinate with the muscles that move

More information

10/17/2012. Muscles Promoting Facial Expressions ORIGIN: epicranial aponeurosis (tendinous sheet)

10/17/2012. Muscles Promoting Facial Expressions ORIGIN: epicranial aponeurosis (tendinous sheet) Muscles Promoting Facial Expressions epicranial aponeurosis (tendinous sheet) Frontalis (Epicranius) raises eyebrows; wrinkles forehead skin of eyebrows; root of nose occipital bone; temporal bone epicranial

More information

Objectives. Gross Anatomy: Muscles of the Arm and Leg MUSCLES OF UPPER ARM MUSCLES OF LOWER ARM

Objectives. Gross Anatomy: Muscles of the Arm and Leg MUSCLES OF UPPER ARM MUSCLES OF LOWER ARM Objectives Gross Anatomy: s of the Arm and Leg Chapter 6 1. Name and locate major muscles of the human body on a torso or diagram. 2. State the action of the major muscles of the human body 3. State the

More information

Lab 8 FUNTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #8 LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE

Lab 8 FUNTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #8 LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE FUNTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #8 LOWER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE The following tips will help you in naming the muscles of the leg and foot: The Tibia is located on the medial side of the leg. The Fibula is

More information

Deltoid Trapezius. Identify the muscle pair(s) that work together to produce the movements listed above.

Deltoid Trapezius. Identify the muscle pair(s) that work together to produce the movements listed above. Shoulder- the major muscles in this group are the infraspinatus, subscapularis, terems major, teres minor deltoid, and trapezius. These muscles work together to move the shoulder area, allowing you, for

More information

Muscle Name Origin Insertion Action Innervation Muscles of Upper Extremity Pectoralis Major Medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal

Muscle Name Origin Insertion Action Innervation Muscles of Upper Extremity Pectoralis Major Medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal Muscle Name Origin Insertion Action Innervation Muscles of Upper Extremity Pectoralis Major Medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal Crest of greater tubercle (Lateral lip of bicipital groove)

More information

In which arm muscle are intramuscular injections most often given? (not in text)

In which arm muscle are intramuscular injections most often given? (not in text) AP1 Lab 9 - Muscles of the Arms and Legs Locate the following muscles on the models and on yourself. Recall anatomical position. Directional terms such as anterior, posterior, lateral, etc. all assume

More information

Section Section 4. Muscles and Movements Dr. Larry Van Such.

Section Section 4. Muscles and Movements Dr. Larry Van Such. Section 4 25 Section 4 Muscles and Movements Section 4 26 HIP FLEXORS Psoas Iliacus Sartorius Pectineus Adductor Longus Adductor Brevis Rectus Femoris Figure 4-1a. Hip Flexors. The hip flexor muscles (also

More information

Chapter 8 - Muscular System 8.1 Introduction (p. 178 ) A. The three types of muscle in the body are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle. B.

Chapter 8 - Muscular System 8.1 Introduction (p. 178 ) A. The three types of muscle in the body are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle. B. Chapter 8 - Muscular System 8.1 Introduction (p. 178 ) A. The three types of muscle in the body are skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle. B. This chapter focuses on skeletal muscle. 8.2 Structure of a

More information

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy 5 minutes Breath of Arrival and Attendance 5 minutes Howdy Partner 35 minutes Anterior Anatomy using Power Point Presentation 5 minutes Overview of skeletal segments 5 minutes

More information

FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE

FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE The following tips will help you in naming the muscles of the forearm and hand: The Ulna is located on the pinky side of the wrist, the Radius

More information

21. Because the biceps brachii muscle flexes the forearm when it contracts, most of the muscle lies

21. Because the biceps brachii muscle flexes the forearm when it contracts, most of the muscle lies MUSCLE REVIEW 2 21. Because the biceps brachii muscle flexes the forearm when it contracts, most of the muscle lies a. anterior to the humerus b. posterior to the humerus c. anterior to the ulna and radius

More information

Neck Extensor Stretch Muscle(s) Targeted: Erector Spinae. Assume start position standing or sitting

Neck Extensor Stretch Muscle(s) Targeted: Erector Spinae. Assume start position standing or sitting Neck Extensor Stretch Muscle(s) Targeted: Erector Spinae. Interlock your hands behind the head towards the top of the head. Inhale and then exhale as you pull your head forward. Try to touch your chin

More information

Muscles of Mastication

Muscles of Mastication Muscles of Mastication Masseter Zygomatic Arch Mandibular angle Elevates mandible Mandibular ramus Temporalis Temporal fossa of the temporal bone Coronoid process of the mandible Elevates mandible Retracts

More information

Isolating UE muscles with Manual Muscle Testing

Isolating UE muscles with Manual Muscle Testing Shoulder Flexion Isolation of Anterior Deltoid Patient starts in sitting position Arm placed in shoulder abduction (~90 o ) with shoulder flexion (~90 o ) and slight external rotation Stabilize: With one

More information

Ken Ross BSc ST, Nat Dip ST

Ken Ross BSc ST, Nat Dip ST Ken Ross BSc ST, Nat Dip ST Trunk Most people will suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. Good spinal posture places minimal strain on the muscles which maintain the natural curve of the spine

More information

Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY

Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY Upper Extremity BONES 1. Which end of the clavicle is on the lateral side (acromial or sternal)? Acromial 2. Describe the difference in the appearance of the acromial and sternal

More information

The Muscular System Muscles are classified into 4 functional groups:

The Muscular System Muscles are classified into 4 functional groups: The Muscular System Muscles are classified into 4 functional groups: Prime movers (agonists) Antagonists Synergists Fixators 1 muscle can be all four Interactions of Skeletal Muscles Skeletal muscles work

More information

The Muscular System General & Anatomy

The Muscular System General & Anatomy The Muscular System General & Anatomy General Functions: 1. movement voluntary skeletal muscles 2. internal movement of substances through various tubes and passageways eg blood, food, urine heart pumps

More information

National Fitness Leadership Alliance

National Fitness Leadership Alliance National Fitness Leadership Alliance Resistance Training Leadership Performance Standards National Fitness Leadership Alliance (NFLA) 1 National Fitness Leadership Alliance Resistance Training Leadership

More information

Questions on muscles. Q1: A muscles source of energy is: Q2: A muscle provides movement by: Q3: What holds a muscle to a bone?

Questions on muscles. Q1: A muscles source of energy is: Q2: A muscle provides movement by: Q3: What holds a muscle to a bone? Questions on muscles Q1: A muscles source of energy is: [ A ] Glucose [ B ] Oxygen [ C ] Lactic acid [ D ] Fibre Q2: A muscle provides movement by: [ A ] Pronating [ B ] Pivoting [ C ] Pulling [ D ] Pushing

More information

Chapter 2: Human Anatomy. ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition

Chapter 2: Human Anatomy. ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition Chapter 2: Human Anatomy ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition Anatomical Terminology Anterior (Ventral) Toward the Front Medial Toward the Midline of the Body Posterior (Dorsal) Toward the Back Lateral

More information

CT transverse anatomy

CT transverse anatomy CT transverse anatomy 1. Aorta 2. Inferior Vena Cava 3. Ureter 4. Left Kidney 5. Small Bowel 6. Cecum 7. Descending Colon 8. Psoas Muscle 9. Erector Spinae Muscle 10. Rectus Abdominus Muscle 16. Vertebra

More information

Principles of Active Isolated Stretching

Principles of Active Isolated Stretching Active Isolated Stretching Lower Body Taught by: Bruce Baltz, LMT Sponsored By: Principles of Active Isolated Stretching The client should start to exhale at the beginning of each stretch; this will help

More information

Muscular System Tour Lab

Muscular System Tour Lab Name Hour 3 Types of Muscle Identify the three types of muscle from the diagram: Skeletal Muscle Move your bones. Voluntary ( ) Muscular System There are more than muscles in the Human Body!!! Muscles

More information

Release: 2. SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement

Release: 2. SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement Release: 2 SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement Modification History Not Applicable Unit Descriptor This unit describes the performance

More information

K. Bo Foreman, PT, PhD. Hand. Hand

K. Bo Foreman, PT, PhD. Hand. Hand Hand Hand - Osteology Carpal bones (8) 1. Scaphoid 2. Lunate 3. Triquetrum 4. Pisiform 5. Trapezium 6. Trapezoid 7. Capitate 8. Hamate Metacarpal bones I-V (5) Phalanges (14) Joints Interphalangeal (DIP

More information

بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم

بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم The introduction * The lower muscles are subdivided according to regional origin which indicates the bone of lower limb that affected of muscle contraction into: 1. Muscles of gluteal

More information

TOTAL BODY: POWER/EXPLOSIVE EXERCISES

TOTAL BODY: POWER/EXPLOSIVE EXERCISES Referring to Chapters 12-14 TOTAL BODY: POWER/EXPLOSIVE EXERCISES Power Snatch hip extension Muscle group/ gluteals gluteus maximis hamstrings semimembranosus semitendinosus biceps femoris knee extension

More information

MUSCLES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY: Movement of the hip and leg: Anterior Compartment Thigh Muscles:

MUSCLES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY: Movement of the hip and leg: Anterior Compartment Thigh Muscles: MUSCLES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY: Movement of the hip and leg: Anterior Compartment Thigh Muscles: Pectineus O: Superior ramus of pubis. Flexes, adducts and assists with medial rotation of hip. Nerve: Femoral

More information

The Iliopsoas Group Muscle origin insertion innervation function Psoas (major and minor) transverse processes of lesser trochanter of femoral nerve

The Iliopsoas Group Muscle origin insertion innervation function Psoas (major and minor) transverse processes of lesser trochanter of femoral nerve Gluteal Muscles Two nerve plexuses: sacral and lumbar Lumbar plexus contains femoral and obturator nerves Sacral plexus contains gluteal (superior/inferior), sciatic, common fibular, tibial common nerves

More information

ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT

ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT Introductory anatomy of the skeletal and muscular systems The skeletal system A general overview of the skeletal system is meant to be used as an introduction, but will not be directly examined. Your main

More information

Human Dissection Anatomy

Human Dissection Anatomy Human Dissection Anatomy Texts: - Anatomy by Carmine D. Clemente, 5th edition, available at the ASUCLA bookstore or the Health Sciences bookstore - Course Lab Manual available at the ASUCLA bookstore Course

More information

Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of Trunk and Lower Extremity Exercises

Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of Trunk and Lower Extremity Exercises Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of and Lower 2007 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 13-1 Muscular Analysis of & Lower Strength, endurance, & flexibility of the lower extremity, trunk, & muscles

More information

BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy. Pre reading booklet Fundamentals of Anatomy workbook 2016

BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy. Pre reading booklet Fundamentals of Anatomy workbook 2016 BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy Pre reading booklet Fundamentals of Anatomy workbook 2016 Copyright of Hartpury College 2016 1. Introduction In order to be an effective and efficient graduate sports therapist,

More information

Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid

Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid Neck is divided into 2 triangle (anterior & posterior) by the sternocleidomastoid muscle Anterior Triangle: Suprahyoid muscles (found above

More information

Muscle Movements, Types, and Names

Muscle Movements, Types, and Names Muscle Movements, Types, and Names A. Gross Skeletal Muscle Activity 1. With a few exceptions, all muscles cross at least one joint 2. Typically, the bulk of the muscle lies proximal to the joint it crossed

More information

Questions. Close-packed: Maximum congruency, tight i.e. Knee extension

Questions. Close-packed: Maximum congruency, tight i.e. Knee extension Plane: Sagittal Axis: Coronal Action: Flexion/Extension Plane: Frontal AKA Coronal Axis: Sagittal Abduction/Adduction Plane: Transverse AKA Horizontal Axis: Vertical Rotation Cardinal Plane: where all

More information

US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 1

US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 1 US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 1 US2013 BT01 Tissues & Body Wall John Fitzsimmons, MD 2 2011 PPLL 11 & 12 Lower Limb Muscles John Fitzsimmons, M.D. Page 1 of 4 I. Related Readings:

More information

Practical 1 Worksheet- KEY

Practical 1 Worksheet- KEY Practical 1 Worksheet- KEY ANATOMICAL TERMS 1. Use the word bank to fill in the missing words. All anatomical terms have a(n) reference point which is called the This is a(n) forward facing position where

More information

Muscle Origin Insertion Innervation Function. Iliotibial tract of fascia latae. Medial surface of the tibia just inferomedial to the tibial tuberosity

Muscle Origin Insertion Innervation Function. Iliotibial tract of fascia latae. Medial surface of the tibia just inferomedial to the tibial tuberosity KinetaCore Functional Dry Needling Level I Muscle Chart Listed below are the muscles you will be expected to treat in FDN Level 1. Use this chart as a guide to focus on attachments, segments of innervation,

More information

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Station #1 Vertebral Column Objectives: 1. Identify the parts of a typical vertebrae 2. Identify cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

More information

LABS 8 & 9: CAT MUSCULATURE

LABS 8 & 9: CAT MUSCULATURE ZOO 4377L - VERTEBRATE MORPHOLOGY LAB LABS 8 & 9: CAT MUSCULATURE Name: Name: SSN: SSN: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

Neurological anatomy of the lower limb

Neurological anatomy of the lower limb Neurological anatomy of the lower limb Learning Objectives. At the end of this course, you should be able to: 1. describe the basic anatomy of the spinal cord, and state how spinal nerves arise; 2. describe

More information

OVERALL INFORMATION: (3) Three systems of focus. 1. Skeletal 2. Integument 3. Muscular MODELS: 1. Sarcomere 2. Skin/Integument.

OVERALL INFORMATION: (3) Three systems of focus. 1. Skeletal 2. Integument 3. Muscular MODELS: 1. Sarcomere 2. Skin/Integument. Robert L. Knudsen Ph.D. Instructor of Anatomy/Physiology San Joaquin Delta College 5151 Pacific Ave. Stockton, California 95207 rknudsen@deltacollege.edu (209) 954-5369 November 14, 2015 RE: Science Olympiad

More information

CHAPTER 9 & 10 MUSCLE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION

CHAPTER 9 & 10 MUSCLE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION CHAPTER 9 & 10 MUSCLE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION Muscle Identification Lecture Notes: A. Skeletal muscles produce movement by pulling on insertion bones across joints. B. Bones serve as levers and joints as

More information

In the name of GOD M U S C U L A R S Y S T E M F O R P A R A M E D I C I N E S T U D E N T D R. S A E E D N I A

In the name of GOD M U S C U L A R S Y S T E M F O R P A R A M E D I C I N E S T U D E N T D R. S A E E D N I A In the name of GOD M U S C U L A R S Y S T E M F O R P A R A M E D I C I N E S T U D E N T D R. S A E E D N I A Muscular system Muscle Specialized cells Contractile proteins Muscle types: 1. Skeletal m.

More information

@ lat-issimus dorsi 13 palmaris longus !'' I ~ 1: I FIG. 14. SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES OF THE THORAX AND FORELIMB, VENTRAL VIEW

@ lat-issimus dorsi 13 palmaris longus !'' I ~ 1: I FIG. 14. SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES OF THE THORAX AND FORELIMB, VENTRAL VIEW . ~ FIG. 14. SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES OF THE THORAX AND FORELIMB, VENTRAL VIEW!'' I ~ 1: I I i ~ \.-------scapula.------subscapular fossa ;-----coracoid process.-----lesser tuberosity r"-'-- -;f?~~~---- bicipital

More information

Muscle Organization and Function. Chapter 10: The Muscular System. Parallel (Fusiform) Muscles. Organization of Skeletal Muscle Fibers

Muscle Organization and Function. Chapter 10: The Muscular System. Parallel (Fusiform) Muscles. Organization of Skeletal Muscle Fibers Muscle Organization and Function Chapter 10: The Muscular System Muscle organization affects power, range, and speed of muscle movement Muscle cells (fibers) are organized in bundles (fascicles) Fibers

More information

Myology. Learning Objectives. Chapter Outline. After working through the material in this chapter, you should be able to:

Myology. Learning Objectives. Chapter Outline. After working through the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Myology 3 Learning Objectives ADP P Ca 2+ ADP P Ca 2+ After working through the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Compare and contrast the three types of muscle tissue in the human body.

More information

Course Number/Title: PT 239 Functional Year: Fall 2012 Musculoskeletal Anatomy Department: PTA Credit Hours: 4

Course Number/Title: PT 239 Functional Year: Fall 2012 Musculoskeletal Anatomy Department: PTA Credit Hours: 4 Syllabus Course Number/Title: PT 239 Functional Year: Fall 2012 Musculoskeletal Anatomy Department: PTA Credit Hours: 4 Required Text: *See Below Days/Time: *See Below Instructor: Pat Erickson Room #:

More information

Stretching the Major Muscle Groups of the Lower Limb

Stretching the Major Muscle Groups of the Lower Limb 2 Stretching the Major Muscle Groups of the Lower Limb In this chapter, we present appropriate stretching exercises for the major muscle groups of the lower limb. All four methods (3S, yoga, slow/static,

More information

Objectives continued- Answer each of the objectives on a separate sheet of paper to demonstrate content mastery. Attach answers to back of packet.

Objectives continued- Answer each of the objectives on a separate sheet of paper to demonstrate content mastery. Attach answers to back of packet. Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: The Muscular System Name: Objectives- By the end of this chapter I will be able to: 1. Describe similarities and differences in the structure and function of the three

More information

CHAPTER 3 - ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT

CHAPTER 3 - ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT CHAPTER 3 - ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT Text between pages 52 and 68, answers to questions on page 66 to 68 of the text book. Warm-up question 1) Hockey involves movement at many joints in the body. Identify

More information

Flexibility Assessment and Improvement Compiled and Adapted by Josh Thompson

Flexibility Assessment and Improvement Compiled and Adapted by Josh Thompson Flexibility Assessment and Improvement Compiled and Adapted by Josh Thompson Muscles must have a full and normal range of motion in order for joints and skeletal structure to function properly. Flexibility

More information

How Muscles are Named

How Muscles are Named How Muscles are Named There are over 600 muscles in the human body. Identifying these six hundred muscles is a daunting task. Furthermore, the names of these muscles seem foreign to most of us. Most of

More information

Upper limb (UL) skeleton, joints, muscles, arterial blood supply, venous and lymphatic drainage, innervation, regional anatomy

Upper limb (UL) skeleton, joints, muscles, arterial blood supply, venous and lymphatic drainage, innervation, regional anatomy Jozef Mihalik, Assoc. Prof., DVM, PhD. Upper limb (UL) skeleton, joints, muscles, arterial blood supply, venous and lymphatic drainage, innervation, regional anatomy Skeleton of UL Shoulder girdle: Free

More information

Client Home Care Instructions

Client Home Care Instructions Client Home Care Instructions Stretches You need a stretch rope, towel, or even a long belt and only 5 minutes per day. The best time to stretch is after a warm shower when the muscles are warm. DO NOT

More information

Idaho State University Physical Therapist Assistant Program

Idaho State University Physical Therapist Assistant Program Idaho State University Physical Therapist Assistant Program PTA 104 Introduction to Kinesiology Challenge Exam ISU PTA Program Campus Box 8380 Pocatello, ID. 83209 Instructors: Darin Jernigan MSPT Jake

More information

Muscles of the Spinal Column. Chapter 12

Muscles of the Spinal Column. Chapter 12 Muscles of the Spinal Column Chapter 12 Cervical Muscles Splenius Splenius (capitis and cervicis) Origin: Cervicis spinous process of T3-T6 Capitis - lower half of ligmentum nuchea & spinous process of

More information

Exercise Science and Sports Medicine

Exercise Science and Sports Medicine Unit 3 B MUSCULAR SYSTEM Lecture notes I. Introduction a. Without the muscular system we would be unable to sit, stand, walk, speak, or grasp objects. Blood would not circulate, because there would be

More information

PREPARED BY DR. JAMES M. WALKER ZOOLOGY 2443/2441 SYLLABUS BASED ON PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN ANATOMY (EIGHTH EDITION) By G. J. TORTORA

PREPARED BY DR. JAMES M. WALKER ZOOLOGY 2443/2441 SYLLABUS BASED ON PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN ANATOMY (EIGHTH EDITION) By G. J. TORTORA PREPARED BY DR. JAMES M. WALKER ZOOLOGY 2443/2441 SYLLABUS BASED ON PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN ANATOMY (EIGHTH EDITION) By G. J. TORTORA CHAPTER 1 (p. 1) ANATOMY DEFINED LEVELS OF STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION LIFE

More information

GIRLFIT STRETCH ZONE GET LONG AND LEAN!

GIRLFIT STRETCH ZONE GET LONG AND LEAN! GIRLFIT STRETCH ZONE GET LONG AND LEAN! Neck Stretches Lateral Neck Flexion Great stretch for people who suffer from tight, aching muscles in the upper back and neck Look straight forward and do not let

More information

Practical Application for Athletic Trainers. M. Susan Guyer, DPE, ATC, CSCS, CES

Practical Application for Athletic Trainers. M. Susan Guyer, DPE, ATC, CSCS, CES Practical Application for Athletic Trainers M. Susan Guyer, DPE, ATC, CSCS, CES Which one? NASM - CES FMS SFMA Assessment The NASM - OHS assessment is the quickest and easiest to perform at the start of

More information

SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 2016 Suite Cambridge TECHNICALS LEVEL 3 SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Unit 1 Body systems and the effects of physical activity K/507/4452 Guided learning hours: 90 Version 2 - Revised content - March 2016

More information

Muscular System. Principles of Health Science Dr. Wood

Muscular System. Principles of Health Science Dr. Wood Muscular System Principles of Health Science Dr. Wood Characteristics of muscles Excitability: : irritability or ability to respond to stimulus Contractibility: : ability to contract (become short and

More information

Crowther s Tenth Martini, Chapter 11 Winter 2015

Crowther s Tenth Martini, Chapter 11 Winter 2015 Chapter 11: The Muscular System Chapter 11 can be described as a whole lot of muscle anatomy plus a few notes on muscle architecture and lever mechanics. In this summary we will focus on the conceptual

More information

Chapter 9 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle

Chapter 9 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Reprinted by permission. The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle Chapter 9 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle Structural Kinesiology R.T. Floyd, Ed.D, ATC, CSCS Hip joint

More information