CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS ON PREDATOR/ PREY INTERACTIONS: How can we conserve persistence and resilience in a murky sea of idiosyncrasy?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS ON PREDATOR/ PREY INTERACTIONS: How can we conserve persistence and resilience in a murky sea of idiosyncrasy?"

Transcription

1 CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS ON PREDATOR/ PREY INTERACTIONS: How can we conserve persistence and resilience in a murky sea of idiosyncrasy?

2 Global climate change What is changing? Can we relate GLOBAL change patterns to LOCAL systems? Landscape variables measured at broad scale animals usually measured at local scale Everything is connected so at some point Natural Selection should elicit a response in everything.

3 Mean monthly minimum temperature: Yosemite Valley, CA Loss of 3 freezing months (Nov, Mar, Apr) Moritz et al. 2008; Western regional climate center Leading to: Higher variability in annual snowpack Earlier snow melt Decreased stream flows

4 Research on effects of climate change Models worldwide attempt to model animal distributions on predicted habitat maps Predictions: 1. Few species go extinct a. unsuitable conditions for persistence b. out competed by invading/pioneering species 2. Many species will dramatically contract in distribution a. increased fragmentation b. reduced resilience in population dynamics (more vulnerable to extinction with perturbations) 3. Others will extend their range a. usually at the expense of another species (e.g. the alpine chipmunk being displaced by lodgepole chipmunk) Community composition is going to change

5 Animals adapt on a species level Summary of Grinnell resampling small mammal survey (Moritz et al. 2008) Range Expansion Range Contraction No Change Number of species 3 spp Higher 2 spp Lower 6 spp Higher 1 spp Lower 12 spp 1 spp Both 2 spp Both No pattern or mechanism as to who s range contracted or expanded Each small mammal guild is represented in all categories ALL of these species are important prey items in the Sierra Nevada

6 Conflicting results in Sierra Nevada Within Genus (Neotoma spp.; Moritz et al. 2008) Large-eared woodrat showed no change in distribution from 1920 to 2005 Bushy-tailed woodrat showed significant change Within Species (bushy-tailed woodrat) One study showed range expansion (East slope: McDonald and Brown 1992) Another study showed range contraction (West slope: Moritz et al. 2008)

7 Idiosyncrasy in our thinking and our data Conflicting paradigms 1. Ambient temperature and animal physiological constraints influence species susceptibility to extinction (McDonald and Brown 1992) True for species constrained in distribution, e.g. high montane mammals 2. Animal distributions influenced by habitat changes not physiological constraints (Johnston and Schmitz 1997, Moritz et al. 2008) Habitat quality directly linked to population dynamics for herbivores, aka PREY Prey population dynamics highly correlated to predator population dynamics

8 Classic predator-prey population cycles: snowshoe hare and Canada lynx Trapping records from Hudson Bay, Canada Highly correlated connections in the predator-prey system - If something happens to one, it throws off the other - amplitude variability is positively related to probability of extinction

9 Prey population cyclicity Cyclicity = amplitude and frequency of cycles Increases with latitude and snow cover. Decreases with generalist predators Increases with specialist predators Prey food source reliability related to prey cyclicity (e.g. acorn crops cycle)

10 Spotted owl prey annual abundance patterns flying squirrel deer mouse Prey abundance Rosenberg et al Year

11 Prey abundance and owl reproductive success Prey abundance flying squirrel deer mouse spotted owl reproduction # of owlets / owl pair 0 Rosenberg et al Year 0.0

12 northern goshawk barred owl (invader) great horned owl raven Spotted owl Habitat and diet SPECIALISTS passerine birds shrews bats flying squirrel deer mice chipmunks seeds grasses woodrats forbs voles pollen beetles moths insects lichen fungi trees detritus shrubs leaves

13 Spotted Owl Diets: Yosemite Woodrat = also important prey species Flying squirrels Woodrats Closed canopy Open canopy

14 Flying squirrel response to climate change: 1. If forest dries out, flying squirrels follow truffles confined to riparian areas due to their prey s (truffles) association with high soil moisture 2. Predators of flying squirrels follow prey to riparian areas 3. Connectivity to prey refuge areas, high prey abundance areas, and predator refuge areas - Will they cross non-habitat patches? 4. Will predator survival decline?

15 How does idiosyncratic prey response affect the predator? All woodrats equally preferred prey Predator (spotted owls) inhabitat a gradient of particular habitat structure (e.g., late seral forest) Owls in one habitat (100 85% canopy closure) may have declining woodrats (species that prefer closed canopy) while owls in another habitat (70 60 % closure) see little change in woodrats (those that prefer open forest). Bushytailed woodrat Big-eared woodrat

16 How can we manage for spatial idiosyncrasy? Prey and Predators need access to a mosaic of habitat types habitat patches need to contain desired structure Must be connectivity between patches Many species may not cross what they perceive as non-habitat despite the size of the nonhabitat patch Conservation areas may need to expand or reassess their borders to meet these habitat shifts

17 ADAPTIVE RESEARCH WORK TOGETHER With no clear patterns of biological responses to climate change Apply general framework for approaching research Change focus as new information arises Integrate different sciences may be important in obtaining the answers we need to guide adaptive management policies

18 Adaptive Research Framework 1. Prioritize species of concern (e.g., Ecology) a. Pika are habitat specialists and they can t escape to higher ground! - vulnerable montane mammals if temperatures increase the predicted 3 0 C (McDonald and Brown 1992) b. Keystone consumer: Pika influence alpine plant composition, reduce inter-specific competition in plants c. Many predators consume pikas d. Loss of pika leads to trophic cascades

19 Adaptive Research Framework 2. Prioritize mechanisms of change affecting species (Physiology and botany) a. Pika are limited in physiological ability to deal with heat - Increased temps reduce foraging times b. Reduced snow pack change plant composition - Plant community pika not evolved to exploit? c. Lack of livestock grazing associated with higher probability of local persistence (Beever et al. 2003)

20 Adaptive Research Framework 3. Identify habitat features resilient or resistant to change (Geology) a. Rock glaciers and rock-ice features Interstitial microclimate remains cool in summer (Delaloye and Lambiel 2005) Pika refuge with disappearing snow patches (Millar et al. 2007) Rock glacier

21 Salient points? GIVE ANIMALS ROOM TO ROAM As habitat changes: Prey need to find suitable habitat and the predators need to find prey as they are seeking shifting habitats

22 Salient points? ADAPTIVE RESEARCH Integrate different sciences: knowledge diversity is important in obtaining the answers we need to guide adaptive management policies

Major Life Zones, or Ecoregions Within The Central Canadian Rockies

Major Life Zones, or Ecoregions Within The Central Canadian Rockies EDUCATORS IN RESIDENCE OVERVIEW Major Life Zones, or Ecoregions Within The Central Canadian Rockies There are 3 distinct communities of plants in this region of the Canadian Rockies: Montane Forest Sub-alpine

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5.

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. North arolina Testing Program EO iology Sample Items Goal 4 Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. coyotes 3. If these organisms were arranged in a food pyramid, which organism

More information

Introduction to Ecology. Lab practical next week. 1. Types of Ecology. What is ecology? Organismal ecology. Population ecology

Introduction to Ecology. Lab practical next week. 1. Types of Ecology. What is ecology? Organismal ecology. Population ecology Introduction to Ecology Reading: Chapter 50 Introduction, today Chapter 52 Population ecology, today and W Chapter 54 Ecosystem ecology, W&F Outline of Lecture 1. Branches of ecology 2. Factors affecting

More information

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears Why is Climate Change such a Hot issue for the North Pole? Student Handout Scientists expect northern regions to warm up more than other parts of the world as the Earth s climate changes. If you have flown

More information

Introduction to Ecology

Introduction to Ecology Introduction to Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between living organisms and their environment. Scientists who study ecology are called ecologists. Because our planet has many

More information

Way Up in the Arctic by Jennifer Ward

Way Up in the Arctic by Jennifer Ward Way Up in the Arctic by Jennifer Ward Arctic north pole Arizona 32º latitude Arctic Arizona 5,800,000 square miles 114,000 square miles Arctic Hare Arctic Fox Arctic Tern Arctic Wolf Arctic Seal Beluga

More information

AP Biology Unit I: Ecological Interactions

AP Biology Unit I: Ecological Interactions AP Biology Unit I: Ecological Interactions Essential knowledge 1.C.1: Speciation and extinction have occurred throughout the Earth s history. Species extinction rates are rapid at times of ecological stress.

More information

Who Knows Utah Animals?

Who Knows Utah Animals? Who Knows Utah Animals? Fourth Grade Core: Standard 5 Objective 2 Identify common plants and animals that inhabit Utah forests, wetlands, and deserts; cite examples of physical features that allow particular

More information

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS SECTION 1 In an ecosystem, plants capture the sun's energy and use it to convert inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic compounds. This process of using

More information

Interactions between rodent borne diseases and climate, and the risks for public and animal health

Interactions between rodent borne diseases and climate, and the risks for public and animal health Interactions between rodent borne diseases and climate, and the risks for public and animal health Mare Lõhmus Climate centrum / SMS / KMF National Veterinary Institute Uppsala, Sweden The source of many

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

Rain Forests. America's. Web of Life. Rain Forest Ecology. Prince William Network's OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES SUBJECTS

Rain Forests. America's. Web of Life. Rain Forest Ecology. Prince William Network's OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES SUBJECTS Rain Forest Ecology National Science Education Standards Standard C: Life Sciences Populations and ecosystems. Standard C: Life Sciences Diversity and adaptation of organisms. Standard F: Science in Personal

More information

Desert Communities Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment.

Desert Communities Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment. Desert Communities Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment. (Discovering Deserts NatureScope: page 40, 43, 44) Objective:

More information

Functional Response Numerical Response Offtake = product of functional and numerical responses Cycles and stability

Functional Response Numerical Response Offtake = product of functional and numerical responses Cycles and stability 1 Predation part 2 Functional Response Numerical Response = product of functional and numerical responses Cycles and stability Last time, used simple models (fixed quota, fixed effort, Lotka-Volterra)

More information

Population Ecology. Life History Traits as Evolutionary Adaptations

Population Ecology. Life History Traits as Evolutionary Adaptations Population Ecology An Overview of Population Ecology Population ecology is the study of factors that affect population: Density Growth A population is a group of individuals of a single species that occupy

More information

STANDARDS FOR RANGELAND HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208

STANDARDS FOR RANGELAND HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208 STANDARDS FOR RANGELAND HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208 RANGELAND HEALTH STANDARDS - ASSESSMENT SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208 STANDARD 1 - UPLAND WATERSHED This standard is being met on the allotment.

More information

CHAPTER 20 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY

CHAPTER 20 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY CHAPTER 20 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The relationship between a predator and its prey is best illustrated by a. a snake eating a bird. c. a lion eating a zebra. b. a fox eating a mouse. d. a

More information

4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow?

4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow? 4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow? ecosystem Ecosystem is the living and nonliving things and the way they interact in an environment.

More information

2.2 Interactions Among Species

2.2 Interactions Among Species Key Terms ecological niche bog predator prey mutualism parasite ecological niche the way that an organism occupies a position in an ecosystem, including all the necessary biotic and abiotic factors 2.2

More information

1 Everything Is Connected

1 Everything Is Connected CHAPTER 1 1 Everything Is Connected SECTION Interactions of Living Things BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What do organisms in an ecosystem depend

More information

A.3 BANK SWALLOW (RIPARIA RIPARIA) Legal and Other Status. Species Distribution and Status

A.3 BANK SWALLOW (RIPARIA RIPARIA) Legal and Other Status. Species Distribution and Status A.3 BANK SWALLOW (RIPARIA RIPARIA) A.3.1 Legal and Other Status The bank swallow (Riparia riparia) is listed as a threatened species under the California Endangered Species Act. The bank swallow has no

More information

MAINTAINING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

MAINTAINING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY APPROACHES TO MAINTAINING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN BRITISH COLUMBIA S FORESTS An Introduction for Resource Managers The Centre for Applied Conservation Biology University of British Columbia Province of

More information

Study Guide B. Answer Key. Interactions in Ecosystems

Study Guide B. Answer Key. Interactions in Ecosystems Interactions in Ecosystems Answer Key SECTION 1. HABITAT AND NICHE 1. a habitat is all of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an organism lives, while a niche includes all physical, chemical,

More information

Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem?

Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem? Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem? Science Topic: Fire Ecology Grades: 6 th 8 th Essential Questions: What role does fire play in maintaining healthy ecosystems? How does

More information

The Mountain Ecosystem by Kimberly M. Hutmacher

The Mountain Ecosystem by Kimberly M. Hutmacher A habitat is where a plant or animal lives and grows. A habitat is part of an ecosystem where lots of different plants and animals live. Mountains, with their many levels are an ecosystem containing many

More information

Will climate changedisturbance. interactions perturb northern Rocky Mountain ecosystems past the point of no return?

Will climate changedisturbance. interactions perturb northern Rocky Mountain ecosystems past the point of no return? Photo: Craig Allen, USGS Will climate changedisturbance interactions perturb northern Rocky Mountain ecosystems past the point of no return? Rachel Loehman Research Landscape Ecologist USGS Alaska Science

More information

Extinction; Lecture-8

Extinction; Lecture-8 I. introduction Definition Current extinction Genetic drift Extinction; Lecture-8 II. 3 types of extinction 1. background 2. mass 3. stochastic III. 5 periods of mass IV. human caused 1. on land and in

More information

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects:

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects: Lesson 1 The Web of Life Objectives: 1. Understand the concept of an ecosystem. 2. Understand the interdependence of members of an ecosystem. Subjects: 1. Ecology 2. Language 3. Art MATERIALS: Copies of

More information

-* -* -* -* reflecting. A~fion ~ynop i. Gl) ~ linking to real world

-* -* -* -* reflecting. A~fion ~ynop i. Gl) ~ linking to real world Afion ynop i Students make food webs of their study site, then trace how a change in one population could affect other populations within the web. Session 1 1. Show a food web made by a team of ecologists.

More information

Scientific Question 1: What is the effect of cacao farms on bird abundance?

Scientific Question 1: What is the effect of cacao farms on bird abundance? Research Background: Is Chocolate For the Birds? Featured scientist: Skye Greenler from Colorado College 9,000 years ago humans invented agriculture as a way to grow enough food for people to eat. Today,

More information

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6 Holt Ch. 6 Biomes Section 6.1 pg 153-155 # 1-6 1. Describe how plants determine the name of a biome. Scientists name biomes after their vegetation because the plants that grow in an area determine what

More information

Chapter 54: Community Ecology

Chapter 54: Community Ecology Name Period Concept 54.1 Community interactions are classified by whether they help, harm, or have no effect on the species involved. 1. What is a community? List six organisms that would be found in your

More information

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS Period Date REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS A. Sample Multiple Choice Questions Complete the multiple choice questions to review this unit. 1. All of the following are density-dependent factors

More information

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem

More information

STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY. CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment.

STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY. CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment. STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment. 2. A Hierarchy of interactions: cells tissues organs

More information

Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes

Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes Alan Henderson ecosystem Objectives After completing this activity students will be able to: Create a food web and identify producers and consumers. Assign organisms

More information

Objectives. Key Terms

Objectives. Key Terms Objectives Identify causes and possible results of interspecific competition. Identify some adaptations of predators and prey. Compare and contrast symbiotic relationships. Key Terms interspecific competition

More information

Burrowing Owls in the Pacific Northwest

Burrowing Owls in the Pacific Northwest Burrowing Owls in the Pacific Northwest Athene cunicularia ESRM 350 Autumn 2014 Laurel Peelle Overview 1) Introducing the Oddball Owl 2) Burrowing Owl Population Status 3) Why the Decline? 4) Conservation

More information

They take place out in the Park in all weathers; please ensure that your pupils are suitably dressed for the conditions.

They take place out in the Park in all weathers; please ensure that your pupils are suitably dressed for the conditions. HABITAT TALKS General points about these talks: They take place out in the Park in all weathers; please ensure that your pupils are suitably dressed for the conditions. We keep group sizes to a maximum

More information

Forest Ecology Class Overview 4.A.2b 4.A.2c 4.A.3a 4.A.3c 4.A.3d 10.A.2a 10.A.2c, 10.A.3c 11.A.2b 11.A.2d 11.A.3f 12.A.2a 12.B.2a 12.B.2b 12.B.

Forest Ecology Class Overview 4.A.2b 4.A.2c 4.A.3a 4.A.3c 4.A.3d 10.A.2a 10.A.2c, 10.A.3c 11.A.2b 11.A.2d 11.A.3f 12.A.2a 12.B.2a 12.B.2b 12.B. Forest Ecology Class Overview 1. Introduction a. Ask the students to go around the circle and give their name and one thing they can find in the forest. b. What are some examples of living things in the

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

More information

A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1.

A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1. Land Biomes A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1. Climate is described by a climatograph. Two of the

More information

MONITORING TOOLS AND METHODS. Michelle Buzalsky Rangeland Management Technician Shoshone National Forest

MONITORING TOOLS AND METHODS. Michelle Buzalsky Rangeland Management Technician Shoshone National Forest MONITORING TOOLS AND METHODS Michelle Buzalsky Rangeland Management Technician Shoshone National Forest MONITORING TOOLS Tools for Monitoring Transect Stakes (PVC pipe, Rebar) 100 Tape Two Carpenter Rules

More information

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Key Concepts: - The biological influences on organisms are called biotic factors. The physical components of an ecosystem are called abiotic factors. - Primary producers are

More information

17 BIODIVERSITY MONITORING IN CANADA S YUKON: THE COMMUNITY ECOLOGICAL MONITORING PROGRAM

17 BIODIVERSITY MONITORING IN CANADA S YUKON: THE COMMUNITY ECOLOGICAL MONITORING PROGRAM 17 BIODIVERSITY MONITORING IN CANADA S YUKON: THE COMMUNITY ECOLOGICAL MONITORING PROGRAM Charles J. Krebs Lesson # 1. Construct a food web for the system under study. Lesson # 2. You cannot do everything

More information

Activity 1.6: Food for Thought: Climate Change and Trophic Cascades

Activity 1.6: Food for Thought: Climate Change and Trophic Cascades Activity 1.6: Food for Thought: Climate Change and Trophic Cascades Grades 7 9 Description: Students will read an article about the impact of melting ice on the Arctic food web. Students will diagram food

More information

Owls & Bats Pre-Visit Packet

Owls & Bats Pre-Visit Packet Owls & Bats Pre-Visit Packet The activities in this pre-visit packet have been designed to help you and your students prepare for your upcoming What Goes Bump in the Night? program at the St. Joseph County

More information

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes Biomes The Ecosystem - Biomes Side 2 THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes By the end of this topic you should be able to:- SYLLABUS STATEMENT ASSESSMENT STATEMENT CHECK NOTES 2.4 BIOMES 2.4.1 Define the term biome.

More information

Principles of Ecology

Principles of Ecology 2 Principles of Ecology section 1 Organisms and Their Relationships Before You Read On the lines below, list the organisms that you have encountered today. You share the same environment with these organisms.

More information

Climate Change Resilience and Preparedness

Climate Change Resilience and Preparedness Climate Change Resilience and Preparedness Chris Benjamin Director, Corporate Sustainability August 14, 2015 Climate Change Resilience 2 Robust emergency response plans and procedures to address near-term

More information

FORESTED VEGETATION. forests by restoring forests at lower. Prevent invasive plants from establishing after disturbances

FORESTED VEGETATION. forests by restoring forests at lower. Prevent invasive plants from establishing after disturbances FORESTED VEGETATION Type of strategy Protect General cold adaptation upland and approach subalpine forests by restoring forests at lower Specific adaptation action Thin dry forests to densities low enough

More information

Lesson 6: Everest Extremes: Biodiversity

Lesson 6: Everest Extremes: Biodiversity Everest Education Expedition Curriculum Lesson 6: Everest Extremes: Biodiversity Created by Montana State University Extended University and Montana NSF EPSCoR http://www.montana.edu/everest Overview:

More information

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts?

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts? Ecosystems and Biomes 1. All of the living organisms in a forest plus their environment is an example of A. a biome. B. a community. C. a population. D. an ecosystem. 2. Which of the following best describes

More information

Lesson 2b: Adapting to Climate Change

Lesson 2b: Adapting to Climate Change Lesson 2b: Adapting to Climate Change SUBJECTS Life Science GRADE LEVELS OVERVIEW Plants and animals are adapted to live in habitats with specific environmental conditions; these adaptations might be physiological

More information

Rainforest Alliance Learning Site Second Grade-Lesson 1 1

Rainforest Alliance Learning Site Second Grade-Lesson 1 1 Second Grade Amazon Rainforest Conservation, Brazil National Standards for Second Grade Lessons Writing Standard 3 Level 1: K-2 1. Generates questions about topics of personal interest. 2. Uses a variety

More information

Climate Change. Lauma M. Jurkevics - DWR, Southern Region Senior Environmental Scientist

Climate Change. Lauma M. Jurkevics - DWR, Southern Region Senior Environmental Scientist Climate Change A n o t h e r F a c t o r i n M a n a g i n g S o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a s W a t e r R e s o u r c e s Lauma M. Jurkevics - DWR, Southern Region Senior Environmental Scientist USEPA-Region

More information

Ecology Module. Module developed with the help of Mrs. Laura Grimm, Dalton Intermediate teacher. Deer Overpopulation Activity

Ecology Module. Module developed with the help of Mrs. Laura Grimm, Dalton Intermediate teacher. Deer Overpopulation Activity Ecology Module Keely Davidson-Bennett NSF STEM Graduate Fellow in K-12 Education, Sugar Creek Watershed Project Ohio State University Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center December 2010 Module

More information

Winter Wildlife Habitat Teacher s Guide February 2011

Winter Wildlife Habitat Teacher s Guide February 2011 Winter Wildlife Habitat Teacher s Guide February 2011 Grades: 5, 6, 7 & 8 Time: 2 ½ hours Discover the relationship between animals and their habitats. Explore the impact of limiting factors, such as animals

More information

King Fire Restoration Project, Eldorado National Forest, Placer and El Dorado Counties, Notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement.

King Fire Restoration Project, Eldorado National Forest, Placer and El Dorado Counties, Notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement. This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 12/24/2014 and available online at http://federalregister.gov/a/2014-30158, and on FDsys.gov [3410-11- P] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

More information

6.4 Taigas and Tundras

6.4 Taigas and Tundras 6.4 Taigas and Tundras In this section, you will learn about the largest and coldest biomes on Earth. The taiga is the largest land biome and the tundra is the coldest. The taiga The largest land biome

More information

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County Tree Integrated Pest Management Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County IPM Refresher Definition: The use of a combination of appropriate pest control tactics to reduce pest population

More information

Monitoring for Conservation Planning and Management. Environmental Evaluators Forum EPA Headquarters, USA June 14 15, 2007

Monitoring for Conservation Planning and Management. Environmental Evaluators Forum EPA Headquarters, USA June 14 15, 2007 Monitoring for Conservation Planning and Management Environmental Evaluators Forum EPA Headquarters, USA June 14 15, 2007 Key Types of Decisions Prioritization (where Status to allocate scarce conservation

More information

Photo courtesy of the National Wild Turkey Federation NON-GAME GAME

Photo courtesy of the National Wild Turkey Federation NON-GAME GAME FORESTS AND WILDLIFE Wildlife and forest management are not only compatible, but are interrelated. Developing an active forest resource management plan allows you to place a special emphasis on wildlife

More information

Science Standard 8 Ecology Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 8 Ecology Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 8 Ecology Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 8 Ecology Organisms are linked to one another in an ecosystem by the flow of energy and the cycling of materials. Humans are an integral

More information

Creating Chains and Webs to Model Ecological Relationships

Creating Chains and Webs to Model Ecological Relationships Creating Chains and Webs to Model Ecological Relationships Overview This hands-on activity supports the HHMI short film The Guide and the 2015 Holiday Lectures on Science: Patterns and Processes in Ecology.

More information

Ecology 1 Star. 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the

Ecology 1 Star. 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the Name: ate: 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the 5. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.. biotic factors and decomposers.

More information

Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2.

Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2. Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2.1 ) Energy Flow 1) Student Name: Teacher Name: Jared George Date:

More information

BSc in Environmental and Conservation Sciences Wildlife and Rangeland Resources Management Major

BSc in Environmental and Conservation Sciences Wildlife and Rangeland Resources Management Major Faculty of Agricultural, Life & Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Student Services 2-31 General Services Building www.ales.ualberta.ca Tel: 780.492.4933 Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H1 new2ales@ualberta.ca

More information

SEA OTTER EVOLUTION Miocene Pliocene predators forage

SEA OTTER EVOLUTION Miocene Pliocene predators forage SEA OTTER EVOLUTION No one knows exactly how sea otters evolved, but it is believed that they arose from primitive, fish-eating otter mammals about 5 to 7 million years ago during the late Miocene and

More information

Increasing water availability through juniper control.

Increasing water availability through juniper control. Tim Deboodt, OSU Crook County Extension Agent 498 SE Lynn Blvd. Prineville, OR 97754 541-447-6228 Tim.deboodt@oregonstate.edu Increasing water availability through juniper control. Throughout the region

More information

Effects of Climate Change on Grasslands. Jeff Thorpe Saskatchewan Research Council June 27, 2012

Effects of Climate Change on Grasslands. Jeff Thorpe Saskatchewan Research Council June 27, 2012 Effects of Climate Change on Grasslands Jeff Thorpe Saskatchewan Research Council June 27, 2012 Grassland work under the Prairies Regional Adaptation Collaborative Two components: How vulnerable are prairie

More information

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT Form 1221-2 (June 1969) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT MANUAL TRANSMITTAL SHEET Subject: BLM Manual 5716 Protective Measures Release 5-161 Date 7/7/15 1. Explanation

More information

Patterns of Bat Fatality at Wind Development Facilities. Edward B. Arnett, Bat Conservation International

Patterns of Bat Fatality at Wind Development Facilities. Edward B. Arnett, Bat Conservation International Patterns of Bat Fatality at Wind Development Facilities Edward B. Arnett, Bat Conservation International Biological Diversity: over 1,100 species identified >one-quarter of the world s mammals Broad and

More information

Ecology Symbiotic Relationships

Ecology Symbiotic Relationships Ecology Symbiotic Relationships Overview of the Co-evolution and Relationships Exhibited Among Community Members What does Symbiosis mean? How do we define Symbiosis? Symbiosis in the broadest sense is

More information

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review 8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review #1 The tree is an example of a in the food web. Producers perform photosynthesis. A: Prey B: Decomposer C: producer D: Herbivore C. Producer #2

More information

Community Interactions. Chapter 27

Community Interactions. Chapter 27 Community Interactions Chapter 27 Community Interactions An ecological community consists of all the interacting populations in an ecosystem Interactions between populations in a community help limit their

More information

High Elevation Rock Outcrops Southern Blue Ridge Mountains

High Elevation Rock Outcrops Southern Blue Ridge Mountains High Elevation Rock Outcrops Southern Blue Ridge Mountains High elevation rock outcrops are quite limited across the North Carolina landscape, however they are quite variable in terms of both geological

More information

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Definitions Climate is the average weather of a place over many years Geographers discuss five broad types of climates Moderate, dry, tropical, continental, polar Vegetation:

More information

Following Energy Movement in Ecosystems

Following Energy Movement in Ecosystems 1.11 Following Energy Movement in Ecosystems You can begin to understand energy flows by categorizing living things by their trophic level in their ecosystem, according to how they gain their energy. The

More information

What is a food chain?

What is a food chain? 3 What is a food chain? Learning Intention Understand that plants and animals in a habitat are dependent on each other. National Curriculum Skills Science Interdependence of living organisms in those 2

More information

CCR Biology - Chapter 14 Practice Test - Summer 2012

CCR Biology - Chapter 14 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Name: Class: Date: CCR Biology - Chapter 14 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Zebras live on the savannas of

More information

STATEMENT OF RON HUNTSINGER NATIONAL SCIENCE COORDINATOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT U.S

STATEMENT OF RON HUNTSINGER NATIONAL SCIENCE COORDINATOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT U.S STATEMENT OF RON HUNTSINGER NATIONAL SCIENCE COORDINATOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BEFORE THE HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERIOR, ENVIRONMENT AND RELATED AGENCIES

More information

Climatic conditions. Cold desert vegetation varies with moisture, elevation, and salinity. Cold (Temperate) Desert Shrublands

Climatic conditions. Cold desert vegetation varies with moisture, elevation, and salinity. Cold (Temperate) Desert Shrublands Cold (Temperate) Desert Shrublands Reading: Knight, Ch. 6 and p. 133-140 10/10/07 1 Climatic conditions Warm deserts grade up into cold deserts, with some overlap in species Cold desert shrublands may

More information

Predator-prey relationships

Predator-prey relationships Predator-prey relationships Can insects hunt for food? When you think of an animal hunting for its food, large animals such as lions may come to mind. But many tiny animals also hunt for their food. For

More information

Rainforest Food Web Tropical Rainforests Temperate Rainforests

Rainforest Food Web Tropical Rainforests Temperate Rainforests Rainforest Food Web The list of plants and animals endemic to rainforest biome is exhaustive, and that makes the rainforest food web one of the most complex food webs of the world. Continue reading...

More information

Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs

Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs The ultimate source of energy in an ecosystem comes from sunlight This energy is converted to an organic form using photosynthesis which is then passed between organisms

More information

Past and Current Research on Natural Resource Issues in the Blue Mountains

Past and Current Research on Natural Resource Issues in the Blue Mountains Past and Current Research on Natural Resource Issues in the Blue Mountains Recreation, Hunting, Access Livestock Production (and Wild Ungulate Ecology) Restoration Timber Harvest, Production Biodiversity,

More information

WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT 1

WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT 1 Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment & Adaptation Strategies for Sierra Nevada Resources Sierra Nevada Workshop Series October 14-17, 2014 WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT 1 Photo: ESA 1 Authors: Jessi Kershner

More information

WEB OF LIFE Kelp keystone species ecosystem extinction decimated predator invertebrates proliferated inhabit herbivorous biodiversity prey profound

WEB OF LIFE Kelp keystone species ecosystem extinction decimated predator invertebrates proliferated inhabit herbivorous biodiversity prey profound WEB OF LIFE Sea otters live in the shallow waters of the Pacific and in various types of habitats that include rocky shores, tidal estuaries, and kelp forests. Kelp forests are a key habitat often associated

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

Ocean Ecosystems. Target Audience: Middle School. Next Generation Science Standards* 5- LS2; MS- LS2 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

Ocean Ecosystems. Target Audience: Middle School. Next Generation Science Standards* 5- LS2; MS- LS2 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics Ocean Ecosystems Abstract What s in the ocean? Only 5% of the ocean has been explored and yet it is the largest ecosystem in the world. It affects the entire planet and this creates a great need to understand

More information

Life in the Bay Getting to know the Bay s plants and animals

Life in the Bay Getting to know the Bay s plants and animals Life in the Bay Getting to know the Bay s plants and animals Over erview iew In this activity students will become acquainted with a plant or animal that lives in the San Francisco Bay. Students will research

More information

14.1. Every organism has a habitat and a niche. A habitat differs from a niche. Interactions in Ecosystems CHAPTER 14.

14.1. Every organism has a habitat and a niche. A habitat differs from a niche. Interactions in Ecosystems CHAPTER 14. SECTION 14.1 HABITAT AND NICHE Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Every organism has a habitat and a niche. VOCABULARY habitat ecological niche competitive exclusion ecological equivalent A habitat differs from a

More information

Prairie Food Chains & Webs Producers, Consumers & Decomposers

Prairie Food Chains & Webs Producers, Consumers & Decomposers Kansas Prairies s, s & Decomposers Science, Life Science, Reading, Math Materials Vocabulary worksheet Food Chain worksheet Overview To explore the organisms found on a prairie and identify the various

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

Practice Questions 1: Evolution

Practice Questions 1: Evolution Practice Questions 1: Evolution 1. Which concept is best illustrated in the flowchart below? A. natural selection B. genetic manipulation C. dynamic equilibrium D. material cycles 2. The diagram below

More information

by Erik Lehnhoff, Walt Woolbaugh, and Lisa Rew

by Erik Lehnhoff, Walt Woolbaugh, and Lisa Rew Designing the Perfect Plant Activities to Investigate Plant Ecology Plant ecology is an important subject that often receives little attention in middle school, as more time during science classes is devoted

More information

The need for longitudinal study of the dual roles of insects as pests and food resources in agroecosystems

The need for longitudinal study of the dual roles of insects as pests and food resources in agroecosystems THE H. R. MacCARTHY LECTURE COMMITTEE IS PLEASED TO PRESENT THE 15 TH ANNUAL H. R. MacCARTHY PEST MANAGEMENT LECTURE ENTITLED The need for longitudinal study of the dual roles of insects as pests and food

More information

Nine experimental units located in Morgan-Monroe and Yellowwood State Forests Research core: ac Buffer area: ac

Nine experimental units located in Morgan-Monroe and Yellowwood State Forests Research core: ac Buffer area: ac The Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment: Functional Diversity Bryan Murray Postdoctoral Research Associate Department of Forestry & Natural Resources Purdue University 1 The HEE and Functional Diversity: Outline

More information