50 UNIT 5 LESSON 5. Comprehension: Understand main ideas of an informational text READING

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1 4 Comprehension: Understand main ideas of an informational text Use Super Smart The Planets of Our Solar System. Discuss the Super Smart title page. Display the Super Smart, and forward to the title page. Read the title and the author s name. Point out the planets shown. Ask children what planets look like (round balls) and what they think the big, yellow ball is. (the Sun) Explain that our solar system is made up of the Sun and eight planets, including Earth. Ask children if they know the names of any of the planets or how scientists find out about them. Read and discuss the Super Smart. Read each page. Pause every few pages to ask questions. (You can see these questions by touching the question button when it turns orange.) 1 2 Super Smart vocabulary: planets, solar system, space, imagine, wonder, discovery, curiosity 2. Compare pictures How is this picture of Earth different from the pictures of Earth on page 1? This picture shows what Earth looks like from space. The others show what different places on Earth look like up close. Explain: Space is where the Sun, the Moon, the stars, and other planets are. You d have to travel above the clouds to get there. Earth looks different when you re in space than it does when you re standing on the ground. 50 UNIT 5 LESSON 5

2 3 5 7a 4 6 7b 3. Retell details What do we find out about the Sun on this page? It s a hot, glowing star. Earth travels around it. Did you know the Sun was a star? 4. Compare ideas What is alike about how all the planets in our solar system move? They all go around the Sun. Each planet has its own path, or orbit, but all of them are always moving around the Sun. 6. Understand vocabulary What does this girl imagine, or picture in her mind? what a creature from another planet might look like 6. Connect ideas: Cause and effect Scientists wonder if there are things living on other planets. What did they do to find out? sent spaceships to get information Scientists on Earth use computers to make the spaceships fly. Computers on the ships take pictures of planets, gather information, and send it to Earth. 7b. Explain: This word is Mercury. [Point to the word.] It s bigger and darker than the other words. It s an important word. It s the name of a planet. 7b. Connect ideas: Cause and effect What happens when big rocks hit the planet? It makes big dents, or craters, in the ground. This picture in the box shows what the ground on Mercury looks like. UNIT 5 LESSON 5 51

3 8 9b 11a 9a 10 11b Video 8. Understand picture-text relationships What does the picture in the small box show? a volcano What do the words tell us about the planet? That it is called Venus. It s the hottest planet and has lots of volcanoes. 9a. Compare and contrast How is this page like the page I just read? It tells the name of a planet and something about it. How are the pages different? This page tells about Earth. The other page tells about Venus. 10. Recognize text structure Think aloud: I noticed that we keep seeing the page with the eight planets in a row. Each time we see that page, there is a green circle around a planet. On the planet s page, we see a box with a picture that shows part of the planet up close. This page tells about Mars, and the picture in the box shows the ice caps on Mars. I bet that as I keep reading, we ll see other pages like this one that tell about each of the other planets. 11b. Draw conclusions and cite text evidence Do you think people could live on Jupiter? no What did you learn about Jupiter that makes you think that? It is a ball of gas that is poison for people to breathe. On one spot, it has a huge windstorm that s been blowing for 300 years. So far, none of the planets we ve read about are places where living things can breathe and grow. 52 UNIT 5 LESSON 5

4 12a b b. Understand text features How do the rings of Saturn look different on this page than they did on the page I just read? On the other page, the rings looked like pretty round circles going around the planet. Up close, you see they are made up of bits of rock and ice. Sometimes what we see from far away looks different from the way it looks up close. 13. Draw conclusions Why can t people live on Uranus? It s too cold. Uranus is also made of gas that would be poison for us to breathe. 14. Explain: Neptune is more than two billion miles away from Earth! That s why it took a super fast spaceship 12 years to get there. That s also why spaceships that travel far out into space don t have people in them. Imagine going on a trip that takes you 12 years to get there and 12 years to get back! 15. Understand an author s reasons On this page, the author explains why people can t live on any of the other planets. What reasons does she tell us? The other planets don t have the air and water we need. They are much too hot or cold for us. UNIT 5 LESSON 5 53

5 17a 18a 19 17b 18b 20 17a. Explain: Scientists on Earth can make Curiosity move around and do different tasks. Curiosity can take pictures and use tools to find out what Mars is like. It can send pictures and other information back to the scientists on Earth, a bit like how we use to send pictures and information to others far away. 18b. Understand vocabulary and connect ideas When you discover something, you find out something new about it. What did Curiosity discover about life on Mars? There isn t anything living on Mars now, but there might have been something living there long ago. 19. Understand vocabulary and give opinions Something is amazing if it s surprising and makes you say, Wow! What does the author think would be an amazing trip? being able to travel in a spaceship to see planets in our solar system or planets no one has ever seen Do you think that trip would be amazing? Why or why not? Answers may vary. Be sure children give reasons to explain their thinking. 54 UNIT 5 LESSON 5

6 WRITING After-Reading Discussion Retell details What was something interesting you learned from this Super Smart about planets, the Sun, or the Moon? Answers will vary, but they should reflect information from the text. Understand vocabulary When you re full of curiosity, it means you are curious and like to find out about things. Do you think Curiosity is a good name for the robot on Mars? Why or why not? Many will say yes because the robot s job is to find out more about Mars. Some might say no because a robot does what it is told and doesn t feel curious like people do. UNIT 5 LESSON 5 55

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