# DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING

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1 DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING Directions: Read the following scenarios carefully. Determine if it is an example of operant or classical conditioning. Then, if it is classical conditioning, identify the NS, UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. If it is operant conditioning, identify if it is positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment or negative punishment. 1. Karen goes to the gym four days a week to alleviate her stress. 2. Every time she opens the garage door, Julie's dogs begin to salivate uncontrollably because that is where their food is kept. 3. When Thomas was caught writing on the wall with his markers, his markers were taken away from him. 4. When Abdul came home with all A's and B's on his report card, he was given \$ When pairing a red light with a female pigeon, a male pigeon becomes sexually aroused. Eventually, the red light alone will cause the arousal. 6. Little Albert cries at the sight of Santa Clause because he learned that white, fuzzy things scare him when they were paired with a loud noise in the lab.

2 7. When little Mary throws her food on the floor she receives a slap to her hand and a firm, "No!" 8. Dwight wants a mint every time he hears Jim turn on his computer. CLASSICAL CONDITIONING ONLY Below are examples of classical conditioning. In each situation, identify the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), the unconditioned response (UCR), the conditioned stimulus (CS),and the conditioned response (CR). 1. Pavlov was able to condition dogs to salivate to the sound of bell. Food alone will cause dogs to salivate, but when the food was paired with a bell, eventually, the food alone would cause salivating. 2. My Aunt Edna has always made me feel relaxed and loved. She always wore the same perfume. Now, when I smell that same perfume I feel relaxed.

3 3. Female pigeons will stimulate an arousal response in male pigeons. In a famous study, female pigeons were paired with a red light which resulted in the red light causing arousal in male pigeons. 4. When I was very young I ate a whole lot of EZ cheese (that spray on cheese). Later that night, I got very, very sick and threw up because of a virus I contracted. I was never able to eat EZ cheese again. 5. Mr. Edwards knows that the sounds of the ocean are calming. Whenever he gives a test, to reduce anxiety in his students, he plays a recording of ocean sounds. None of his students ever complain of test anxiety. 6. Rats can be trained to move from one place to another by a sound signal. In some labs, the wire floor of a rat's cage can be rigged to conduct an electric shock result in a rat jumping to another "safe" location in the cage. By pairing a buzzer sound with the electric shock, rats can be taught to move to another location in the cage by the sound of the buzzer alone.

4 OPERANT CONDITIONING SCENARIOS Directions: Read each scenario below. Describe (make up) the response to the behavior as it would apply to you. Then, identify whether positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment or negative punishment was used by circling the correct term. 1. You get caught saying a bad word (maybe as a young child). 2. You make straight A's on your report card. 3. You make a bad grade on your report card. 4. You volunteer to vacuum the upstairs to help out your parents 5. You trip and drop your lunch all over the lunchroom.

5 6. You get stopped for speeding. 7. You get caught sneaking out of your house. 8. You give your best friend (or boyfriend/girlfriend) a really great gift. 9. The child you are babysitting throws a temper tantrum because he/she wants a piece of candy. 10. You break curfew or are caught being somewhere/doing something not suppose to be.

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