Oct. 16, 2014 Chapter 3: A Native American Community at Mesa Verde Lesson 1: Native American Communities Vocabulary 1. history- the story of the past

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1 Oct. 16, 2014 Chapter 3: A Native American Community at Mesa Verde Lesson 1: Native American Communities 1. history- the story of the past Native Americans were the first people to live on the land known as the United States. Native Americans shared a love for storytelling. They learned from animals.

2 Oct. 17, 2014 Lesson 1: Continued There are many different groups of Native Americans. Each group has its own culture. Each tribe had their own religion and language. Native American tribes were shaped by their natural resources. Tribes on the Great Plains needed buffalo for food, clothing, and shelter. Moccasins are a type of shoe they made.

3 Oct. 20, 2014 Lesson 1: Continued Native Americans in the Eastern Woodlands, like the Iroquois, relied on trees from the forest. They lived in what is now New York State. They grew corn, beans, and squash. They lived in longhouses. The Yurok lived on the west coast. They were fishers that relied on the ocean and rivers. Cherokee lived in what is now North Carolina and Oklahoma.

4 Oct. 22, 2014 Lesson 2: The geography of Mesa Verde 1. desert- dry environment with little rain 2. canyon- deep river valley with steep sides 3. cliff- steep face of a rock 4. mesa- a landform that is shaped like a table (a plateau) 5. technology- use of tools and materials to serve people's needs The day in the desert is very hot, but at night it becomes colder. The Four Corners is where Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona meet. There are many different landforms in the southwest. These landforms were important natural resources for the Anasazi. The Anasazi built homes into the cliffs. Their cliff homes provided protection from enemies and the environment. Pointed sticks to dig holes for collecting water and stone axes for farming were forms of technology the Anasazi used.

5 Oct. 27, 2014 Lesson 3: Mesa Verde Long Ago 1. kiva- a hole in the ground used for religious purposes 2. artifacts- objects left behind by a group of people Beds and clothing were made from yucca plants. Blankets were made from turkey feathers. The Anasazi homes were called cliff houses. Everyone in the community had a job. Men had to hunt, farm, and weave blankets. They used bows and arrows and spears to hunt. Women took care of the children and the home. They also cooked, made pottery, and weave baskets. They collected beans and corn from the field.

6 Oct. 28, 2014 Lesson 3: continued Religion was an important part of the Anasazi culture. Kivas were used mainly by men for religious purposes. Kivas would have a hole in the ground for people's spirits to come through. There were paintings on the walls and a fire in the center of the kiva. The Anasazi also had special dances to celebrate ripe food. Pottery, tools, pieces of clothing, and buildings are all artifacts that give information about communities from the past. The Anasazi disappeared 700 years ago, but part of their culture remains today with the Pueblo tribes.

7 Nov. 3, 2014 p 88 Lesson 4: Mesa Verde Today 1. museum- a place where people can look at objects of art, science, or history Important Place 1. Mesa Verde National Park After the Anasazi mysteriously left, no one else has lived in the cliff houses. Today, people can visit Mesa Verde. It is protected as a national park, so it can never be knocked down. Mesa Verde National Park is so large that it takes half an hour to get from the entrance to the visitor center.

8 Nov. 4, 2014 p 90 Lesson 4:Continued When visiting Mesa Verde National Park, people are reminded to show respect for the past by not touching or taking anything. We can learn to work well as a community and respect nature by taking care of it. By learning about the past, we can learn about our community today.

9 Nov. 6, 2014 p 92 Thinking Skills: Making a Decision 1. decision- a choice that is made Sometimes making a decision is easy and other times it is difficult. When making a decision, it is important to set a goal. Then you should gather information about the choices. Look for advantages and disadvantages.

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