Unit 2 Lesson 4 Early Human Migration and Stone Age Tools

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1 Unit 2 Lesson 4 Early Human Migration and Stone Age Tools

2 Daily Warm-up True/False Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True. Word Bank fire technologies migrate shelters 1. In response to climate changes, people began to domesticate, or move to new places. 2. There was no need for clothing or shelter because sunlight kept people warm. 3. The first human-made societies were in the ground, covered with roofs of branches and leaves. 4. Pottery and canoes are examples of new artifacts people developed to improve their lives. Directions Read each sentence. Fill in the blank with the word in the word pair that best completes the sentence. 5. During the, people made tools out of bone and antler that were smaller and more complex than those made during the Old Stone Age. (Paleolithic Era/Mesolithic Era) 6. During the, huge sheets of ice were formed from ocean water leaving ocean levels lower than they are now. (ice age/stone Age) 7. A is a strip of land connecting two continents. (land bridge/megalith) 8. In response to the transforming of the Earth s geography, people began to. (farm/migrate)

3 Generalization: People adapt to meet their needs Big Idea Prehistoric people learned to adapt to their environment, to make simple tools, to use fire, and to use language. As people migrated around the world they learned to adapt to new environments.

4 The Ice Ages Huge ice sheets covered much of the Earth - lowered ocean levels, which exposed new land, including land bridges that connected continents

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6 Define What is a land bridge? A strip of land connecting two continents

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8 Analyze How did the Ice Age influence human migration? Allowed people to cross to the Americas on a land bridge

9 Cultural Diffusion the movement of customs and ideas from one area to another. How is the early migration of man an example of this?

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11 Prehistory not carved in stone Solutreans

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13

14 What is culture?

15 Summarize Why did people have to learn to make clothes and build shelter? They moved to climates that were colder than those in East Africa

16 Adaption to new environments - learned to sew animal skins into clothing - learned to build shelters

17 Define What is a hunter-gatherer? A person who hunts and gathers wild plants, seeds, fruits and nuts to survive

18 Old Stone Age - 500,000 to 10,000 years ago - migrations took place - added wooden handles to chipped flint tools - first spears and knives - began to burry their dead with gifts of food and weapons - earliest development of religious ideas - began to work with bone and animal horn - bone needles for sewing - earliest cave paintings Summarize How did tools improve during the Old Stone Age? People learned to use flint to make tools and to attach wooden handles to the tools

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20 The Middle Stone Age - 10,000 to 8,000 years ago - Ice Age ended - Microlith Blade - could pierce animal hide better than earlier weapons - Bow and arrow - fishhooks, the fish net, and boats - pottery from sunbaked clay - ability to store food and water - improved hunting techniques resulted in an increased food supply

21 The New Stone Age - 8,000 to 5,000 years ago - Neolithic Revolution

22 New Tools and Technologies Most make their appearance in the Middle Stone Age or Mesolithic Era, using stone and bone. Spear Hand Axe Fish hooks and fishing spears Bows and arrows Log canoes Pottery Domesticated the Dog Tools increased early mans chance for survival

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24 Earliest Societies Hunter-Gatherer - Small groups, mostly extended families - moved from area to area in a standard pattern to take advantage of available food - Men hunted while women gathered and cared for the children - Development of language - to make hunting easier? - to form relationships? - to make food distribution easier?

25 People banded together to meet basic needs Hunters and gatherers developed their own cultures People learned to domesticate animals and cultivate crops People began to specialize and learn new skills

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27 Critical Thinking Discussion 1. Connecting to Geography Why would geography probably have played a more important role in the lives of people during the Old Stone Age then it plays in your life today? 2. Recognizing Causes and Effects A. Why would economic scarcity often lead to increased warfare between farming communities? B. How do you think economic scarcity and warfare changed the status of women in Stone Age societies?

28 1. This map shows remains from the period of history known as the 2. Name the continents shown on the map 3. is the only continent where no sites were found. Why? 4. Mainly the remains of who are found in Europe? 5. How many sites of human remains are found in Africa? 6. Remains from which groups were found in China? 7. The remains of who were found on an island northwest of Australia? 8. The remains of which group were found on the very southern tip of Africa?

29 1. From which continent did the early people come? 2. to get from Asia to North America, the early people had to cross the Strait. 3. Major archaeological sites on the map are marked with what symbol? 4. What covered much of what is now Canada? 5. Tepexpan was located in what is now the country of? 6. Vero was located in what modernday country? 7. Punin was located on the coast of South America 8. Was Palli Aike in southern or north South America?

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