Wichitas. Tonkawas. Kickapoos. Kiowas. Caddoes. Comanches. Cherokees. Mescalero Tiguas Apaches Lipan Apaches Jumanos. Alabama Coushattas Atakapans

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1 Kiowas Comanches Mescalero Tiguas Apaches Lipan Apaches Jumanos Kickapoos Wichitas Tonkawas Caddoes Cherokees Karankawas Alabama Coushattas Atakapans Coahultecans

2 Native Texans of Gulf Coast Karankawas Coahultecans

3 NATIVES OF GULF COAST COAHUILTECANS Hunted deer, rabbit, buffalo Gathered beans, nuts, berries, cacti, worms, lizards, etc. Nomadic and lived in wicki-ups

4 NATIVES OF GULF COAST KARANKAWAS (1 st Indians in Texas) Fished using dugout canoes Hunted small game using bows and arrows Women did most the hard work *Lived in wicki-ups & were friendly to Cabeza de Vaca

5 Native Texans of East Texas Caddoes Cherokees Alabama Coushattas Atakapans

6 NATIVES OF EAST TEXAS CADDOES Hunted deer, turkey, rabbit, and buffalo Farmed corn, beans, squash Lived in mound shaped dwellings and built mounds to bury their dead in

7 NATIVES OF EAST TEXAS ATAKAPANS Hunted small game and deer in marshlands using dugout canoes Gathered roots and berries

8 NATIVES OF EAST TEXAS ALABAMA COUSHATTAS Hunted deer, fished, collected berries Lived in cabins Made baskets and other crafts

9 Native Texans of Plains Kiowas Comanches Mescalero Apaches Lipan Apaches

10 NATIVES OF PLAINS MESCALERO APACHES Relied on buffalo for food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools Wore high boots made of leather

11 NATIVES OF PLAINS LIPAN APACHES Relied on buffalo for food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools Farmed beans, corn, squash, pumpkins

12 COMANCHES NATIVES OF PLAINS Relied on buffalo for food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools Fierce warriors on horses Women wore decorated dresses Comanche Village

13 NATIVES OF PLAINS KIOWAS Relied on buffalo for food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools Painted pictures of events on their tepees Made beaded crafts

14 Native Texans of Central Texas Wichitas Tonkawas

15 NATIVES OF CENTRAL TEXAS TONKAWAS Hunted buffalo and deer Fished rivers and tributaries of Colorado R. near present day Austin Were not nomadic since they had an ample food supply

16 NATIVES OF CENTRAL TEXAS WICHITAS Hunted buffalo Farmed corn, beans, squash, melons Skilled artisans; created clay pots/jars as well as leather goods

17 Native Texans of West Texas Tiguas Jumanos Kickapoos

18 NATIVES OF WEST TEXAS JUMANOS Hunted and farmed Lived in villages made of adobe houses Planted crops along rivers

19 NATIVES OF WEST TEXAS TIGUAS Hunted, fished, and farmed Lived in villages of adobe houses Made pottery for cooking and storing food

20 NATIVES OF WEST TEXAS KICKAPOOS Hunted and farmed Lived in villages built by their women Made baskets, buckskin clothing, and beadwork

21 Native Texans of East Texas Caddoes Cherokees Alabama Coushattas Atakapans

22 NATIVES OF EAST TEXAS CHEROKEES Used metal tools to farm Lived in log cabins Trail of Tears

23 Kiowas Comanches Mescalero Tiguas Apaches Lipan Apaches Jumanos Kickapoos Wichitas Tonkawas Caddoes Cherokees Karankawas Alabama Coushattas Atakapans Coahultecans

24 Native Texan Review Question #1 Which 2 Native American groups lived along the Southern Gulf Coast of Texas? A. Coahuiltecans & Alabama Coushattas B. Coahuiltecans & Karankawas

25 Native Texan Review Question #2 Of the following tribes, which was considered to be nomadic? A. Kiowas B. Caddoes C. Coahuiltecans D. Mescalero Apaches

26 Native Texan Review Question #3 Women did most the hard work in which Native American group? A. Jumanos B. Comanches C. Karankawas D. Alabama - Coushattas

27 Native Texan Review Question #4 Which tribe were known for building great mounds? A. Kiowas B. Tiguas C. Caddoes D. Comanches

28 Native Texan Review Question #5 Which Native American tribe used dugout cannoes to fish and hunt in the marsh and swamps of East Texas? A. Wichitas B. Kickapoos C. Atakapans D. Cherokees

29 Native Texan Review Question #6 Which Native American tribe has a casino on their reservation today? A. Comanches B. Kickapoos C. Mescalero Apaches D. Alabama - Coushattas

30 Native Texan Review Question #7 Which Native American groups lived in the Mountains and Basins region of Texas? A. Kiowas and Apaches B. Kickapoos and Cherokees C. Tiguas and Jumanos D. Caddoes and Comanches

31 Native Texan Review Question #8 Which groups most likely ate fish and shellfish as part of their diet? A. Kiowas Comanches, & Tonkawas B. Coahuiltecans, Karankawas, & Atakapans C. Wichitas, Caddoes, & Cherokees D. Tiguas, Jumanos, & Lipan Apaches

32 Native Texan Review Question #9 Many Native American groups farmed in the Coastal Plains region. Why? A. There were not enough animals to hunt B. They were unable to fish in this region C. They lived in permanent villages D. Rainfall in this region was plentiful

33 Native Texan Review Question 10 Many Native American groups farmed in the Coastal Plains region. Why? A. There were not enough animals to hunt B. They were unable to fish in this region C. They lived in permanent villages D. Rainfall in this region was plentiful

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