Ancient India Lesson 2

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Ancient India Lesson 2"

Transcription

1 Name: Date: Ancient India Lesson 2 Early Indian Civilization Over 1,000 miles separate the Indus River valley from Iraq, the region once known as Mesopotamia. This distance did not keep people from traveling between the two regions over 4,000 years ago, though. Like merchants from Egypt, Indian merchants traded goods in Mesopotamian cities. Of these three ancient civilizations Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus River valley the least is known about the Indus River valley civilization. One reason that historians know less about this culture is that experts have not been able to figure out how to read ancient Indian writing. Another reason is that few Indus artifacts and remains have been found. Despite these limits, historians have pieced together a picture of what ancient life must have been like for the people along the Indus River. A Civilization in the Indus Valley In 1921 archaeologists gathered around a huge dirt mound on the southern plains of the Indus Valley. They knew remains of the past lay hidden beneath the mound. Earlier visitors had found artifacts there. But how old were the remains? What would they reveal about how Indian people lived long ago? As the archaeologists dug down, the ruins of a great city began to appear. A new understanding about India s ancient past had begun. The city described above is called Harappa. The people who lived nearby named the ruins after an Indian god. Archaeologists have no way of knowing what early people living along the Indus called themselves. Therefore, the entire ancient Indus Valley civilization is called Harappan civilization. It lasted from about 2500 B.C. until about 1600 B.C. One year after the city of Harappa was uncovered, archaeologists found a city almost exactly like it about 400 miles to the south. The local name for it was Mohenjo-Daro, which means Mound of the Dead in Sanskrit. Sanskrit is an ancient Indian language. Locate the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro on the map above. A City Along the Indus The city of Mohenjo-Daro was not small. Archaeologists believe that as many as 40,000 people once lived there! Dozens of streets crisscrossed each other. Larger avenues were paved with tan-colored bricks. The streets that crossed them were narrower and were usually left unpaved. Hundreds of sturdy brick houses lined the streets of Mohenjo-Daro. Most homes were small, one-room buildings. Others were several stories high. Some even had such luxuries as airy courtyards or balconies. At the west end of the city stood a massive fort, or citadel. Surrounding this citadel were thick walls that protected against both floods and enemy attacks.

2 Next to the citadel was an enormous grain warehouse. Judging from its size, farmers around Mohenjo-Daro must have been very successful at growing barley and wheat. Question Time: Answer the following questions based on what you just read above. 1. Consider Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. About which one of these civilizations do we know least and why? 2. How large a population did Mohenjo-Daro have? 3. How was Mohenjo-Daro laid out as a city? What material did people in Mohenjo-Daro use to pave streets and construct housing? 4. What were probably the largest buildings in the city and what were they used for? Life in Mohenjo-Daro Suppose that you are an archaeologist living 4,000 years in the future. You have just stumbled upon the ruins of a small North American city dating back to the A.D s. You uncover buildings and dusty artifacts. You find machines and bits of plastic labels. You cannot read the city s languages, though. How much will you be able to understand about everyday life in this city? How many conclusions will you be able to make about the culture of the North American civilization? Archaeologists studying ancient Harappan civilization have faced these kinds of challenges since the early 1900s. Yet they have succeeded in making some conclusions about what life was like for ancient Harappans. Many of their conclusions are based on remains found in Mohenjo- Daro. City Planning One of the most striking things about Mohenjo-Daro is the exactness of the measurements used in making and building things. Bricklayers used thousands of same-sized bricks to pave streets and build homes. City engineers dug wells throughout the city. They also created a sewer system, complete with manholes, to keep the city clean. Projects like this need much planning. Therefore, historians believe Mohenjo-Daro must have had a strong government. Harappa had almost the same layout as Mohenjo-Daro. Therefore, historians conclude that the Indus River valley also must have had a strong central government. On top of Mohenjo-Daro s citadel are the remains of a large, pillar-supported building. Archaeologists think it may have served as a city hall, because it overlooked the city. Next door was a building that housed a pool-sized bath. The bath may have had religious importance. Cleansing practices later became a key part of Indian religions. The artwork at left shows what Mohenjo-Daro may have looked like in 2000 B.C.

3 Working in Mohenjo-Daro Harappan builders, engineers, and craftworkers were highly skilled. Archaeologists have found remains of their work in the workshops that lined city avenues. Skilled workers carved beautiful figures into small squares of stone. These stone squares were probably used as seals for marking belongings. Potters made water jars, cooking bowls, and other containers. These were covered with colorful paintings. Metalworkers made everything from copper fish hooks to razors. They also made fine statues of people cast in bronze. Perhaps for the first time anywhere, weavers made cloth from cotton. As in other ancient cities, such specialization meant that Harappan farmers produced surplus food. Surplus grain was stored in a great warehouse. Perhaps, as in ancient Egypt, government workers collected grain from farmers as taxes. The stored grain could later be measured out again, possibly as payment to city workers. Harappan Trade Historians are not sure of the exact trade routes used by ancient Harappans. However, historians do know that Harappan merchants traded with neighbors both near and far. From artifacts, archaeologists know that Harappans sold stone seals in what is today Iran. They brought home blue stones called lapis lazuli from what is today Afghanistan. Beadmakers made necklaces from stones brought from what is today India. These and other goods were then traded in faraway Mesopotamia. The long journey to Mesopotamia was probably made in small sailboats. From the Indus River delta, the boats headed west along the southern coast of Asia. The sailors may have taken along field birds such as crows and swallows. When set free, the birds would fly toward land. Question Time: Answer the following questions based on what you just read above. 5. What evidence can you find to conclude that Harappan civilization had strong government? What evidence suggests that religion was important? 6. What specialized jobs had developed to help create Harappan civilization? 7. Why might it have been easier to trade with Mesopotamia than with Afghanistan and Iran? 8. What evidence must historians have found to tell them where Harappan merchants traded? Newcomers Sometime around 1600 B.C. the city of Mohenjo-Daro was totally abandoned. So was the city of Harappa. Why? Unfortunately we may never know for sure why these ancient cities were abandoned. One possible answer, archaeologists say, is that an earthquake caused the Indus to change its course. Without river water, farming would have become very difficult in this area. This earthquake may also have created massive floods. Floods may have destroyed the region s two largest cities. Life went on in the Indus Valley after the disaster. Harappan civilization, however, was never the same again. Life in the Indus Valley changed even

4 more, beginning around 1500 B.C. At that time newcomers began crossing the icy passes of the Hindu Kush Mountains. The Aryan people, originally from central Asia, herded cattle and sheep on horseback. Perhaps due to natural disasters or wars at home, they migrated. To migrate means to move from one place to another to live. The Aryans migrated both to Europe and India. Follow their routes to India on the map below. Aryans means noble ones in Sanskrit. The Aryan people brought this language to the Indus Valley and the rest of the subcontinent. They also brought new religious ideas, which you will read about in the next lesson. Why it Matters Harappan civilization existed in the Indus River valley for almost 1,000 years. During that time farmers produced a large surplus of food. This surplus fed the populations of the great cities that developed along the fertile plains. Workers in cities like Mohenjo-Daro created items unknown in other parts of the world at that time. These included cotton cloth, stone seals, and citywide drainage systems. In the end, Harappan civilization may have been destroyed by the very thing that made it possible the Indus River. Yet parts of that civilization would continue in new forms. New peoples would come to control the Indian subcontinent. In time their cultures would blend with the culture of the Harappans to create a new, rich culture.. Main Ideas Little is known about Harappan civilization because its writing system has not yet been figured out. The city of Mohenjo-Daro included many brick buildings and a huge citadel. The city also had a sewer system more advanced than any other of its time. The orderly layout of the city and its large grain warehouse suggest that Mohenjo-Daro was ruled by a strong local government. Harappan merchants traded goods in many places, some of which were as far away as Mesopotamia. In about 1500 B.C. people called Aryans migrated to the Indian subcontinent. They brought new ideas to the region.

5 Question Time: Answer the following questions based on what you just read above. 9. What causes might have destroyed Harappan civilization? 10. Who were the Aryans and when did they migrate to the Indus Valley? 11. Why do we believe that Mohenjo-Daro had a strong government? 12. Based on the information in this lesson, what conclusions can you make about the people who lived in Mohenjo-Daro? What evidence supports your conclusions? Pretend you are living in ancient Mohenjo-Daro. Write a paragraph long diary entry describing one of your days there.

Physical Geography of India

Physical Geography of India Lesson 1 Geography and Indian Life MAIN IDEAS Geography In India, mountains and seasonal winds shape the climate and affect agriculture. Government The earliest Indian civilization built well-organized

More information

The Rise of Civilization

The Rise of Civilization Lesson 2 The First Civilization MAIN IDEAS Culture Food surpluses, new technology, and advanced social organization led to a complex way of life. It is called civilization. Government A new type of government

More information

By : Diego Bustillos

By : Diego Bustillos By : Diego Bustillos The Indus Valley Contained natural borders which helped the citizens be protected from attack and disease. It also allowed invaders, with weapons, to enter. Present day India, Pakistan,

More information

British Museum Ancient India Webquest

British Museum Ancient India Webquest Geography: http://www.ancientindia.co.uk/geography/home_set.html 1. Fill in the blanks: The people of ancient India lived in a extremes. The terrain was varied and often presented great challenges. Occasional

More information

The Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic Revolution The archaeologist took out his small brush and carefully removed the remaining dirt from the fragment of human skull. To help him reconstruct the life of the ancient human, he

More information

INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION AND EARLY ARYAN SOCIETY

INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION AND EARLY ARYAN SOCIETY INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION AND EARLY ARYAN SOCIETY THE GEOGRAPHIC SETTING Indian Subcontinent To North: Impassable Himalayas To East: Passable low hills To Northwest: Passable Hindu Kush, Khyber Pass To

More information

Where Did King Tut Get His Eyebrows?

Where Did King Tut Get His Eyebrows? Where Did King Tut Get His Eyebrows? W.M. Akers In 1922, English archaeologist Howard Carter discovered something spectacular. In Egypt's Valley of the Kings, an underground passage led to an empty room,

More information

Name Period. The Indus Valley Civilization

Name Period. The Indus Valley Civilization Name Period The Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization Daily Life 3000BCE 1500BCE We know very little about the Indus Valley civilization, but what we do know is fascinating! Over 4,000 years

More information

APWH. Chapter 1:The First River Valley Civilizations. Sunday, August 26, 2012

APWH. Chapter 1:The First River Valley Civilizations. Sunday, August 26, 2012 APWH Chapter 1:The First River Valley Civilizations 1 p. 29 Map 2-1, p. 28 Map 2-2, p. 30 I. Mesopotamia A. Settled Agriculture in an Unstable Landscape 1. Mesopotamia is between the Tigris and Euphrates

More information

Lesson 1 The Rise of Sumerian City- States

Lesson 1 The Rise of Sumerian City- States Lesson 1 The Rise of Sumerian City- States 1. Introduction In Chapter 3, you learned how people in the Fertile Crescent began farming and living in small villages. In this chapter, you ll see how small

More information

How the Indus Valley sites were discovered.

How the Indus Valley sites were discovered. How the Indus Valley sites were discovered. Devised by Judith Evans at Rosebery School in Loughborough. The Commonwealth Institute in London has produced some excellent source material for the Indus Valley

More information

4.1 Introduction. Name and Date: Text: HISTORY ALIVE! The Ancient World. These ruins in the Syrian Desert reveal an ancient Sumerian walled city.

4.1 Introduction. Name and Date: Text: HISTORY ALIVE! The Ancient World. These ruins in the Syrian Desert reveal an ancient Sumerian walled city. 4.1 Introduction In Chapter 3, you learned how people began farming and living in small villages during Neolithic times. In this chapter, you ll discover how some small villages grew into large, complex

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

The Rise of Civilizations

The Rise of Civilizations Page 1 of 6 The Rise of Civilizations Thousands of years ago, several societies in different parts of the world changed from hunting and gathering to farming. Some began to produce surpluses of food. Those

More information

division of Indian society that grouped it s members based on a person s birth, wealth, or occupation

division of Indian society that grouped it s members based on a person s birth, wealth, or occupation Name Ancient India Study Guide Vocabulary to know: subcontinent a large landmass that is smaller than a continent meditation focusing of the mind on spiritual ideas karma effects that good or bad actions

More information

MACHU PICCHU PRE-READING QUESTIONS. 1. Have you ever heard of Machu Picchu? If so, what is it?

MACHU PICCHU PRE-READING QUESTIONS. 1. Have you ever heard of Machu Picchu? If so, what is it? Machu Picchu MACHU PICCHU PRE-READING QUESTIONS 1. Have you ever heard of Machu Picchu? If so, what is it? 2. Do you know where the Inca people lived? 3. Where is the Andes Mountain range located? 4. Do

More information

Promise and Problems of the Nile. Overview. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION SAMPLE LESSON CityYouth: Ancient History

Promise and Problems of the Nile. Overview. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION SAMPLE LESSON CityYouth: Ancient History CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION SAMPLE LESSON CityYouth: Ancient History www.crf-usa.org Lesson 2 Promise and Problems of the Nile OBJECTIVES Students will be able to: Describe the Nile River system in

More information

The Olmec, Maya & Aztec

The Olmec, Maya & Aztec The Olmec, Maya & Aztec Mesoamerica Mesoamerica refers to a geographical and cultural area which extends from central Mexico down through Central America. The term Meso means middle. (Middle America) Many

More information

3. The Buddha followed some Hindu ideas and changed others, but he did not consider himself to be a god.

3. The Buddha followed some Hindu ideas and changed others, but he did not consider himself to be a god. True / False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Like the ancient Greeks, Indian astronomers proposed the theory that the Earth was round and revolved around the sun. 2. During his time

More information

River Valley People: A Jigsaw Activity

River Valley People: A Jigsaw Activity Historical Context: Early peoples settled near reliable sources of water for transportation, food, and protection. As agricultural techniques improved through use of irrigation, settlements grew into permanent

More information

Superstars Building Fry List Fluency

Superstars Building Fry List Fluency Sight Word Superstars Building Fry List Fluency By Jennifer Bates http://finallyinfirst.blogspot.com/ How I use this program I developed this program because I noticed many of my students were still trying

More information

Ancient Egypt Scavenger Hunt

Ancient Egypt Scavenger Hunt Ancient Egypt Scavenger Hunt Name: As an archaeologist preparing for an expedition to explore a newly discovered pyramid, you are trying to learn as much as you can about the Ancient Egyptian civilization.

More information

Name and Date: Text: HISTORY ALIVE! The Ancient World

Name and Date: Text: HISTORY ALIVE! The Ancient World 5.1 Introduction The rise of Sumerian city-states began around 3500 B.C.E. In this chapter, you ll take a closer look at life in Sumer. Like an archaeologist, you ll consider evidence to try to answer

More information

Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.)

Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) Ancient River Valley Civilizations Ancient River Valley Civilizations WHI.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient

More information

Ch. 1, Sec. 1 (Prehistory- 1500

Ch. 1, Sec. 1 (Prehistory- 1500 Ch. 1, Sec. 1 (Prehistory- 1500 1. Students will understand how people may have first reached the Americas 2. Students will find out how people learned to farm 3. Students will explore the civilizations

More information

Course Outline World History & Geography (Social Science 6)

Course Outline World History & Geography (Social Science 6) FOLSOM CORDOVA UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT Course Outline World History & Geography (Social Science 6) Date: March 2002 Proposed Grade Level(s): 6 Grading: A-F Prerequisites: 6 th Grade Standing BRIEF COURSE

More information

MARKSVILLE A.D. 1 A.D. 400

MARKSVILLE A.D. 1 A.D. 400 MARKSVILLE A.D. 1 A.D. 400 The Marksville site in central Louisiana shows how ideas from far away can spark change. About the time of Christ, travelers brought news of the Hopewell culture from where it

More information

a. farmers b. merchants c. priests d. warriors a. the Maya b. the Moche c. the Nazca a. making pottery b. making textiles c.

a. farmers b. merchants c. priests d. warriors a. the Maya b. the Moche c. the Nazca a. making pottery b. making textiles c. Ancient America Chapter 9 Test Form A Part 1: Multiple Choice Choose the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) 1. What geographic feature is common in Mesoamerica s tropical lowlands? a. jungles b.

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

River Valley & Other Early Civilizations

River Valley & Other Early Civilizations River Valley & Other Early Civilizations Civilizations A civilization is a complex, highly organized social order. The first cities emerged after farmers began cultivating fertile lands along river valleys

More information

Geography and the Settlement of Greece

Geography and the Settlement of Greece 1 As sunlight falls on the mountains, hills, and coasts of Greece, reflecting off the surfaces of the glittering sea, white-washed buildings, and ancient ruins, it is dazzling, brilliant, and vibrant.

More information

Lesson Plan: The Silk Road

Lesson Plan: The Silk Road Lesson Plan: The Silk Road Provided by the Art Institute of Chicago Department of Museum Education Suggested grade level: 7 10 Estimated time: 2 3 hours Introduction The "Silk Road" was an ancient network

More information

Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack

Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack This pack includes the following lessons: Locating Egypt The River Nile Archeology Hieroglyphics Pharaohs Every effort has been made to seek permission for the

More information

Writing Assignment #2

Writing Assignment #2 Writing Assignment #2 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism Due Monday, March 19 (right after Spring Break) Writing assignment: Read all the texts in the section, Ancient Chinese Philosophies, and write out your

More information

Geography of Ancient Greece ELL Adaptation Handout 1

Geography of Ancient Greece ELL Adaptation Handout 1 Geography of Ancient Greece ELL Adaptation Handout 1 Find and underline or highlight these eleven important sentences on the Geography of Ancient Greece Handout: 1. At the same time that the Shang dynasty

More information

Vocabulary. Mesopotamia The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Located in present day Iraq

Vocabulary. Mesopotamia The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Located in present day Iraq Mesopotamia Vocabulary Mesopotamia The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Located in present day Iraq Levees Raised areas of land around a river, used for flood control Canals Man made ditches

More information

Puzzle Pieces. To help students to understand the process of archaeological study and to show them the value of cooperative learning.

Puzzle Pieces. To help students to understand the process of archaeological study and to show them the value of cooperative learning. Puzzle Pieces Objective: To help students to understand the process of archaeological study and to show them the value of cooperative learning. For Discussion: Archaeologists are challenged to put together

More information

Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization. Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece

Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization. Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece The Parthenon in Athens Objectives Understand how Greece s geographic setting influenced the development of Greek Civilization.

More information

UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks

UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks 1) Egypt is in which continent? America Europe Africa Asia 2) Egypt was divided into 2 zones. What were they called? 3) Was Ancient Egypt a river

More information

Ancient India. Essential Question: How do India s rich history and culture affect the world today?

Ancient India. Essential Question: How do India s rich history and culture affect the world today? 5.5 Indian Achievements Ancient India Essential Question: How do India s rich history and culture affect the world today? Big Idea: The people of ancient India made great contributions to the arts and

More information

Provided by TryEngineering -

Provided by TryEngineering - Provided by TryEngineering - Lesson Focus Lesson focuses on how through the centuries man has had the need to move water from one place to another. Engineered irrigation has proved critical throughout

More information

3 THE LOUISIANA DELTA:

3 THE LOUISIANA DELTA: 3 THE LOUISIANA DELTA: LAND OF RIVERS Common Core State Standards CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of

More information

The Ancient Indus Valley Civilization

The Ancient Indus Valley Civilization Teacher s Guide The Ancient Indus Valley Civilization A Guide to Accompany Indus River: Journey of a Lifetime A Unit of National Standards for World History Grades 5-12 Designed and Developed By Abha Sinha

More information

7th Grade World Civilization Objectives

7th Grade World Civilization Objectives 7th Grade World Civilization Objectives Unit One Beginning of Human Civilization Unit Students will explain the historic development and achievements of the early civilizations. Explain how geography played

More information

Downloadable Reproducible ebooks Sample Pages

Downloadable Reproducible ebooks Sample Pages Downloadable Reproducible ebooks Sample Pages These sample pages from this ebook are provided for evaluation purposes. The entire ebook is available for purchase at www.socialstudies.com or www.writingco.com.

More information

READING LESSON PLAN INFORMATIONAL TEXT - Science

READING LESSON PLAN INFORMATIONAL TEXT - Science Crystal Schott EDU 532 April 30, 2012 READING LESSON PLAN INFORMATIONAL TEXT - Science Grade Level: 3rd grade Text citation: Barman, C., DiSpezio, M., Guthrie, V., Leyden, M. B., Mercier, S., & Ostlund,

More information

Southwest Cultural Area Discover - Experience Connect Page 1 of 15

Southwest Cultural Area Discover - Experience Connect  Page 1 of 15 Southwest Culture Map The Southwest Culture Area is centered around the four corners area of Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico. There are two primary groups represented in the museum: the Navajo

More information

Webquest: The Dog of Pompeii by Louis Untermeyer

Webquest: The Dog of Pompeii by Louis Untermeyer Name Date Webquest: The Dog of Pompeii by Louis Untermeyer http://www.history.com/topics/ancient history/pompeii Watch the 2 minute video. Pay special attention to where Pompeii is and where Vesuvius is

More information

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How

More information

Student Centered & common Core. 8 Ancient India Reading Stations with Activity Options & Common Core Questions

Student Centered & common Core. 8 Ancient India Reading Stations with Activity Options & Common Core Questions Student Centered & common Core 8 Ancient India Reading Stations with Activity Options & Common Core Questions Student Centered & Common Core Includes: 8 Reading Stations, Printable Common Core Questions,

More information

Pre-reading class discussion about Islamic Culture and Islamic Art 1

Pre-reading class discussion about Islamic Culture and Islamic Art 1 Contents: PRE-VISIT ACTIVITIES Pre-reading class discussion about Islamic Culture and Islamic Art 1 Reading Islamic Art in Egypt / Arabic Calligraphy 2 Arabesques / Geometrical designs 3 VISIT ACTIVITIES

More information

The Fertile Crescent:

The Fertile Crescent: The Fertile Crescent: The Land Between Two Rivers Chapter 2, Section 1 Objectives In this section you will: Find out how geography made the rise of civilization in the Fertile Crescent possible. Learn

More information

Test: Thursday, December 16

Test: Thursday, December 16 Name: Parents Signature: (3 bonus points on test if signed by test day) Ancient Egypt Study Guide Due Tuesday, Dec 14 Test: Thursday, December 16 7- Geography A. Label the following places on the maps

More information

Assessment: The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

Assessment: The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Name Date Mastering the Content Assessment: The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why is King Tut one of the most well- known pharaohs? A. Tut lived and ruled for

More information

Find out about the everyday life of the ancient Egyptians. Learn about writing in ancient Egypt.

Find out about the everyday life of the ancient Egyptians. Learn about writing in ancient Egypt. Find out about the everyday life of the ancient Egyptians. Learn about writing in ancient Egypt. Discover advances made by the Egyptians in science and medicine. hieroglyphs pictures and other written

More information

Mesopotamia is the first known civilization. Mesopotamia means land between two rivers. This civilization began on the plains between the Tigris and

Mesopotamia is the first known civilization. Mesopotamia means land between two rivers. This civilization began on the plains between the Tigris and Mesopotamia Review Mesopotamia is the first known civilization. Mesopotamia means land between two rivers. This civilization began on the plains between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. This curving strip

More information

Ancient China. Vocabulary. 15. Terracotta Army collection of seven thousand life-sized sculptures made from pottery in the tomb of Shi Huangdi

Ancient China. Vocabulary. 15. Terracotta Army collection of seven thousand life-sized sculptures made from pottery in the tomb of Shi Huangdi Ancient China 1. Analects the collected sayings and teachings of Confucius 2. Bronze Age (3300 1200 B.C.) time when people made weapons and tools from bronze 3. calligraphy artistic form of ancient Chinese

More information

Ancient Greek Arts and Architecture

Ancient Greek Arts and Architecture Ancient Greek Arts and Architecture Ancient Greek Architecture The earliest buildings built in Greece in the New Stone Age are small houses or huts with wooden walls around them for protection. Later bigger

More information

Time and Timelines. To know how long ago something happened, we have to first know when now is! What year is it now? In what year were you born?

Time and Timelines. To know how long ago something happened, we have to first know when now is! What year is it now? In what year were you born? Name Block Obviously, if history involves the study of the past, we have to be able to talk about how long ago something happened and whether it was before or after something else. Timelines help us see

More information

INTRODUCTION The Rules of Egyptian Art

INTRODUCTION The Rules of Egyptian Art PART INTRODUCTION The Rules of Egyptian Art BEFORE READING Nakht and His Wife. Copy of a wall painting from the tomb of Nakht, c. 1425 B.C.E.* Thebes, Egypt. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York THINKING

More information

People of Ancient Egypt

People of Ancient Egypt Think As You Read 1. Why ancient Egypt was called the gift of the Nile? 2. How was ancient Egypt ruled? 3. Why did ancient Egyptians build tombs and pyramids? ew Words Civilization Fertile soil Irrigate

More information

Egypt Unit Project Topics (Newspaper Articles & Visual Presentations)

Egypt Unit Project Topics (Newspaper Articles & Visual Presentations) Egypt Projects 1 Egypt Unit Project Topics (Newspaper Articles & Visual Presentations) Your project topic is meant to be used for a newspaper article. Every student will write 1 newspaper article. Each

More information

The Gift of the Nile: Part 1: Analyzing Documents

The Gift of the Nile: Part 1: Analyzing Documents The Gift of the Nile: Part 1: Analyzing Documents and Primary Sources What role did Geography play in the everyday life of Ancient Egyptians? Today in class, you will have the opportunity to look at different

More information

Looking for Ancient Treasure

Looking for Ancient Treasure Non-fiction: Looking for Ancient Treasure Looking for Ancient Treasure Leigh Haeger Assur was once one of the greatest cities in the world. About 30,000 people lived there. A huge temple tower, or ziggurat,

More information

Jainism Jainism also began in India; religion teaches ahimsa nonviolence - Jains believe all living things have souls and should not be hurt

Jainism Jainism also began in India; religion teaches ahimsa nonviolence - Jains believe all living things have souls and should not be hurt Lesson 3 Buddhism and India s Golden Age MAIN IDEAS Belief System A teacher called the Buddha developed a new religion that focused on helping people to escape suffering. Government The Maurya rulers united

More information

Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile

Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile How did geography influence ancient Egypt? What were the main features and achievements of Egypt s three kingdoms? How did trade and warfare affect Egypt and Nubia? The Egyptian

More information

Assessment: The Mayas

Assessment: The Mayas Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. Assessment: The Mayas 1. Which of these modern countries is in the area where Mayan civilization developed and is home to large

More information

Teacher s Masters California Education and the Environment Initiative. History-Social Science Standards 6.2.6. and 6.2.8. Egypt and Kush: A Tale of

Teacher s Masters California Education and the Environment Initiative. History-Social Science Standards 6.2.6. and 6.2.8. Egypt and Kush: A Tale of 6 Teacher s Masters California Education and the Environment Initiative History-Social Science Standards 6.2.6. and 6.2.8. Egypt and Kush: A Tale of Two Kingdoms California Education and the Environment

More information

5 Themes of Geography 29 (Copy in

5 Themes of Geography 29 (Copy in 5 Themes of Geography 29 (Copy in your LOCATION notebook!) PLACE HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION MOVEMENT REGIONS LOCATION: Absolute & Relative PLACE: Physical & Human Characteristics What is it like? Human-

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Directions Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True. Word Bank Ying Zheng army copper

More information

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War During the eighteenth century, Spain, France, and Britain controlled land in North America. Spain controlled Florida. France was powerful in the northern

More information

Emergence of Civilizations / Anthro 341: Notes 18 The Indus valley: Overview of Harappan civilization, Part One Copyright Bruce Owen 2009

Emergence of Civilizations / Anthro 341: Notes 18 The Indus valley: Overview of Harappan civilization, Part One Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 Emergence of Civilizations / Anthro 341: Notes 18 The Indus valley: Overview of Harappan civilization, Part One Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 Geographic and ecological setting lowland Pakistan and northwestern

More information

ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN & SUMERIAN SEALS, SCRIPTS & TABLETS

ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN & SUMERIAN SEALS, SCRIPTS & TABLETS Sumerian) & ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN & SUMERIAN SEALS, SCRIPTS & TABLETS History & Ancient Mesopotamian & Sumerian Stamps & Seals Permission granted to reproduce for individual use only. 2006 Enrichment4You.com

More information

Essential Questions: Geography of the Middle East Provide several examples from the PowerPoint to answer each question.

Essential Questions: Geography of the Middle East Provide several examples from the PowerPoint to answer each question. Essential Questions: Geography of the Middle East Provide several examples from the PowerPoint to answer each question. 1. Why is the Middle East such a strategic location? 2. How do water resources in

More information

Introducing the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology 1. Ancient Egypt- Where is it? What is it? 3

Introducing the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology 1. Ancient Egypt- Where is it? What is it? 3 Contents: Introducing the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology 1 PRE-VISIT ACTIVITIES Ancient Egypt- Where is it? What is it? 3 Archaeology: Rescued or Stolen? - Classroom Debate 5 VISIT ACTIVITIES Activity

More information

Settlers Homes. Arbor Lodge

Settlers Homes. Arbor Lodge No. 5 Settlers Homes Arbor Lodge This picture shows Nebraska s most famous house. It was the home of J. Sterling Morton, the founder of Arbor Day. He came to Nebraska City in 1854 and built a log cabin.

More information

Questions about Ancient Greece 6 th Grade Social Studies

Questions about Ancient Greece 6 th Grade Social Studies 1. On which continent will you find the country of Greece? a. Europe b. Africa c. South America d. Asia 2. The mainland of Greece is a peninsula. What is a peninsula? a. land that is surrounded on three

More information

Houses of Prehistoric Ohio

Houses of Prehistoric Ohio Houses of Prehistoric Ohio Many different people have lived in Ohio over the past 13,000 years. The people that lived in the area we now call Ohio before the European explorers first visited left behind

More information

The Gift of the Nile:

The Gift of the Nile: Student 1: Ancient Egypt Project: Student Work Examples The Gift of the Nile: What role did Geography play in the everyday life of Ancient Egyptians? Part 1: Analyzing Documents and Primary Sources Today

More information

Descriptions of the Phoenicians

Descriptions of the Phoenicians Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Descriptions of the Phoenicians ABOUT THE READING The Phoenicians lived along the coast of the Mediterranean from present day northern Israel to Lebanon. The time of

More information

ORIGIN OF THE ARYANS. Argument Against Aryan Migration to the Indian Suncontinent BY K.J. SHARMA

ORIGIN OF THE ARYANS. Argument Against Aryan Migration to the Indian Suncontinent BY K.J. SHARMA ORIGIN OF THE ARYANS Argument Against Aryan Migration to the Indian Suncontinent BY K.J. SHARMA Aryan in English is derived from the Sanskrit language, "Ārya" Ārya" " meaning noble, civilized or "honorable.

More information

Geography Of Ancient Egypt

Geography Of Ancient Egypt Geography Of Ancient Egypt Geography-Physical environment and how it may influence an economy and culture. The Nile runs through the enrety of Egypt, and it is 4160 miles long, making it the longest river

More information

Note Taking Study Guide CIVILIZATIONS OF MESOAMERICA

Note Taking Study Guide CIVILIZATIONS OF MESOAMERICA SECTION 1 Note Taking Study Guide CIVILIZATIONS OF MESOAMERICA Focus Question: What factors encouraged the rise of powerful civilizations in Mesoamerica? A. As you read People Settle in the Americas, complete

More information

Egypt. The Old Kingdom

Egypt. The Old Kingdom Egypt The Old Kingdom Vocabulary: Narmer (Menes)- King that united Upper and Lower Egypt Old Kingdom Began around 2600BC, rise of Egyptian cities as centers for religion and government Artisans- someone

More information

Ancient Egypt Unit Test

Ancient Egypt Unit Test Name: Period: Ancient Egypt Unit Test Directions: Answer the following multiple choice questions by circling the correct answer. 1. Which continent is Egypt located on? a. Asia b. Africa c. North America

More information

Four Early River Valley Civilizations. Egyptian Civilization - Nile River

Four Early River Valley Civilizations. Egyptian Civilization - Nile River Four Early River Valley Civilizations Egyptian Civilization - Nile River Early River Valley Civilizations Egyptian Civilization - Nile River I. GEOGRAPHY A. The Nile Egypt on the Nile 1. Egypt s settlements

More information

What are three things you have learned from this chapter?

What are three things you have learned from this chapter? What are three things you have learned from this chapter? Write down on your own sheet of paper with your name, date, period, and Bellringers at the top Put your Chapter 1 & 2 notes in the tray What are

More information

passport to Ancient egypt

passport to Ancient egypt passport to Ancient egypt PASSPORT INFORMATION NAME SCHOOL AGE Grade Picture FEMALe MALE Date Issued Signature Write your name in Hieroglyphs (See chart on back) YOUR JOURNEY STARTS HERE! This is your

More information

Cornell Note Taking Style

Cornell Note Taking Style Cornell Note Taking Date Style Topic Page # (The Fertile Crescent) Main Idea (*) Description ( - ) Summary of Notes Why study Middle Eastern civilizations instead of studying civilizations elsewhere? *The

More information

Grade 6 World History, Quarter 2, Unit 1 of 3 Early River Valley Civilizations. Overview. (1 day = 55 minutes)

Grade 6 World History, Quarter 2, Unit 1 of 3 Early River Valley Civilizations. Overview. (1 day = 55 minutes) Grade 6 World History, Quarter 2, Unit 1 of 3 Early River Valley Civilizations Overall days: 11 (1 day = 55 minutes) Overview Purpose Between about 4500 and 2000 BCE, complex agricultural societies emerged

More information

THE FIRST PEOPLE. Think About As You Read 1. How did the first people live? 2. What started the agricultural revolution?

THE FIRST PEOPLE. Think About As You Read 1. How did the first people live? 2. What started the agricultural revolution? Think About As You Read 1. How did the first people live? 2. What started the agricultural revolution? 3. Why did the Stone Age farmers live near rivers? New Words Archaeologists Earth Tools Stone Age

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Early Human Migration and Stone Age Tools

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Early Human Migration and Stone Age Tools Unit 2 Lesson 4 Early Human Migration and Stone Age Tools Daily Warm-up True/False Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True.

More information

A BRIEF HISTORY OF IRELAND

A BRIEF HISTORY OF IRELAND Name: Date: A BRIEF HISTORY OF IRELAND Today, Ireland is a country with a bright future. In 2005, Economist magazine selected it as the best place in the world to live. Hundreds of thousands of people

More information

The Geographv of Ancient Rome

The Geographv of Ancient Rome The Geographv of Ancient Rome Italy is a rocky, mountainous peninsula 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. The Apennine Mountains form its "backbone" and stretch from north to south, with the Tiber River

More information

Ancient Egypt: Nebamun

Ancient Egypt: Nebamun Ancient Egypt: Nebamun Nebamun hunting in the marshes From Thebes, Egypt Late 18th Dynasty, around 1350 BC Visit resource for teachers Key Stage 2 Contents Before your visit Background information Resources

More information

Africa Before the Slave Trade

Africa Before the Slave Trade Africa Before the Slave Trade Overview of African Kingdoms Ghana and Songhai Ghana (Wagadu) is the earliest known empire of the western Sudan, came into the history books around the eighth century but

More information

West Africa: Bantu Migration and the Stainless Society

West Africa: Bantu Migration and the Stainless Society West Africa: Bantu Migration and the Stainless Society Bantu Migration Around 1500 BCE farmers of the Niger and Benue River valleys in West Africa began migrating south and east, bringing with them their

More information

Fry Instant Phrases. Give them to me. Then we will go.

Fry Instant Phrases. Give them to me. Then we will go. Fry Instant Phrases The words in these phrases come from Dr. Edward Fry s Instant Word List (High Frequency Words). According to Fry, the first 300 words in the list represent about 67% of all the words

More information

Science of Life Explorations

Science of Life Explorations Science of Life Explorations Erosion and Soil Quality: Prevent Erosion We know that soil is important to us. Healthy soil provides us with healthy plants. Soil is part of the ECOSYSTEM because so much

More information