NAME: World History Semester 1 Final Study Guide

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1 NAME: World History Semester 1 Final Study Guide Below you will find information to help you prepare for your final exam. This is meant as a guide, not a complete listing of everything you will find on the exam. You are still responsible for reviewing the notes & handouts that you received this semester. Note: you may not listen to music while taking the exam. Cell phones may not be use at all during the exam block. Failure to follow these rules means that you will receive a zero on the exam. Part 1: This part of the exam will be an in-class essay on Friday, January 16 th. You will be given three questions ahead of time. You only have to answer one of the questions and will be told that day which one to write about. Therefore, you must prepare for all three questions. You will be graded on content and well as your ability organize your ideas using topic sentences and develop your ideas using specific historical evidence from a primary or secondary source. You may not use any notes on this part of the exam. It is worth 25% of the final exam grade. Part 2: This part of the exam consists of multiple choice, true/false, and matching questions. You may use one side of an 8.5x11 page of paper filled with your own notes. Appropriate paper will be passed out in class, and notes will be turned in the day of the exam. If notes are given to or copied by others, all individuals involved will retake the exam without the use of notes, for a maximum score of 65%. This portion of the exam is worth 75% of your final exam grade. Many of the questions in part 2 will ask you to demonstrate your ability to make connections, compare and contrast, categorize, and implement the material you have learned. In order to be prepared for the exam you should fill out this study guide. In addition to defining these terms and ideas you should also know their significance and what role they played in the history of the world. In other words, are they part of a pattern? Are they similar to anything else we have learned? Why did they occur; was it in response to something else? What are the consequences of the event? Here is a sample question from part 2 of the exam to give you a better idea of what to expect: Which of the following would have supported the Free Exercise Clause? A. King Phillip II B. Martin Luther C. A Spanish Conquistador D. None of the Above 1

2 General Literacy Skills You should be able to Construct a well-written proper paragraph with appropriate supporting evidence. Differentiate between a primary and a secondary source. Evaluate a source for bias and perspective. General Content Knowledge You should be able to define and explain the significance of the following: World History Themes o Economics o Science & Technology o Belief Systems o Cultural Diffusion o Political Systems o Revolution o Empire Building o Interaction with Environment Provide multiple examples of how each theme was demonstrated in our study of history this semester and explain those examples. Read a timeline & map. Place events in chronological order (what happens first, second, third, etc) Unit 1- World Religions You should be able to define and explain the significance of the following: Bill of Rights The Religious Clause of the 1 st Amendment o The Establishment Clause o The Free Exercise Clause Apply the Religious Clause of the 1 st Amendment to both historical issues as well as issues of today. Differentiate between constitutional and unconstitutional acts in regard to the Religious Clause of the 1 st Amendment. Christianity, Judaism & Islam Monotheism Rabbi Torah Sabbath 2

3 Kosher Roman Catholic/Orthodox/Protestant Synagogue Abraham Orthodox/Conservative/Reformed Mecca The Trinity Allah Bible Mohammad New & Old Testaments Koran/Qur an 10 Commandments Five Pillars Jesus Christ Mosque Sacraments Imam Priests/Pastors/Ministers Ramadan Heaven Sunni/Shia Church Hinduism Polytheism Caste System Brahman Vedas Vishnu Mandir Shiva Moksha Ganges River Karma Reincarnation Untouchables Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama The Eightfold Path Buddha Stupa Meditation Reincarnation The Four Noble Truths Nirvana 3

4 Enlightenment Classify and organize the key characteristics that make up belief systems. Compare and contrast the major beliefs, practices, and origins of the 3 major monotheistic religions. Describe the major beliefs and practices of each religion. Assess the impact of the caste system on modern-day society in India. Identify the similarities between Buddhism and Hinduism. Explain the difference between atheists, agnostics & humanists Unit 2-Empires Through The Middle Ages Civilization Empire Identify the rise, maintenance, fall, and legacy of the Roman Empire. Provide multiple examples of how empires form, how they are maintained, and why they fall apart. Identify the 5 key characteristics of a civilization, and provide examples of what these characteristics include. Unit 3-The Renaissance and the Reformation The Middle Ages Fall of the Roman Empire Bubonic Plague/Black Death Feudalism The Catholic Church The Renaissance Renaissance (general term) Christian Humanism Humanism Utopia Secularism Vernacular 4

5 Printing Press Classical Art Patrons Renaissance Art The Medici Family Medieval Art Renaissance Man Perspective The Reformation Indulgences 95 Theses Relics German Princes Simony Protestants Corruption in the Church Act of Supremacy Martin Luther King Henry VIII Identify changes between the Middle Ages and Renaissance periods and determine the causes of those changes. Identify & explain the structure of the Feudal System Identify and explain the major ideas of the Renaissance. Recognize the major ideas of the Renaissance as they are portrayed in the artwork of the time. Differentiate between Classical, Medieval, and Renaissance art and explain how the art reflects the major ideas of the time period. Judge the impact of the new ideas and inventions of the Renaissance on the Catholic Church. Determine the causes of the Reformation and assess its impact on the Catholic Church back then and today. Unit 4- The Age of Exploration Motives (Reasons) for Exploration The Treaty of Tordesillas Bartolomeu Dias Zeng He Vasco da Gama Christopher Columbus 5

6 Nina, Pinta & Santa Maria Bartolome de Las Casas Ferdinand Magellan The Columbian Exchange Francisco Pizarro The Triangular Trade Hernan Cortez The Middle Passage Conquistadors Atlantic Slave Trade Identify the motives for European exploration that are shown within a source. Associate the major explorers with their achievements. Judge for yourself the legacies of the individuals of this time period. Summarize both the short and long term effects of the Age of Exploration. Unit 5- The Age of Absolute Power Absolute Monarchy Direct Democracy Constitutional Monarchy Representative Democracy Autocracy (Autocrat) Aristocracy Anarchy Divine Right Democracy Explain the reasons for the rise of Absolutism in Europe from the 1500s to the 1800s. Identify the characteristics of absolute monarchs and evaluate their effectiveness as rulers. (Provide examples of how the different monarchs abused their absolute power) Unit 6- Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment & The French Revolution The Scientific Revolution and Age of Enlightenment The Scientific Revolution Galileo Galilei 6

7 The Enlightenment Philosophers/Philosophes Natural Rights Baron de Montesquieu Thomas Hobbes Jean Jacques Rousseau John Locke Mary Wollstonecraft Voltaire Explain how the achievements of the Scientific Revolution led to Enlightenment ideas. Identify the major ideas of the Enlightenment (4 natural laws). Categorize the major thinkers according to their ideas on government. The French Revolution The American Revolution Estates General The Declaration of Independence Tennis Court Oath Tithe Storming of the Bastille 1 st Estate/2 nd Estate/3 rd Estate National Assembly The Aristocracy Versailles Bourgeoisie Maximilien Robespierre King Louis XVI (16) Reign of Terror Marie Antoinette Napoleon Bonaparte Explain why European Monarchs reacted negatively to the Revolution in France. Order the major events of the French Revolution and determine whether earlier events caused the later events, or whether they simply came before them. Explain how the Enlightenment ideas caused the French Revolution. Identify and explain the significance of the key players of the French Revolution. Decide whether or not the French Revolution was successful. Did they become more democratic as a result of the revolution? 7

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