How the architectural elements of e- Navigation may assist in maintaining accessibility in the North Sea Region. Jan-Hendrik Oltmann

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1 How the architectural elements of e- Navigation may assist in maintaining accessibility in the North Sea Region Jan-Hendrik Oltmann

2 Presentation overview - The architectural elements of e-navigation - Future Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) for the North Sea Region (NSR) a) What services? b) Where-to applied? - What is a Route Topology Model (RTM) - How to arrive at a practical RTM for the NSR - Potential applications of the NSR-RTM - Next Steps in ACCSEAS

3 The architectural elements of e-navigation Architecture/ Human Factor / Generalities Shipboard Equipment fit for e-nav Communication services Shore-based infrastructure fit for e-nav Common Maritime Data Structure Maritime Service Portfolio PNT * IMO NAV57, WP6, Fig. 1

4 The architectural elements of e-navigation Strategic Twins The international e-navigation movement (!) Technologyoriented The glue Architecture / Human Element / Generalities Shipboard Equipment fit for e-navigation Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) Communication Services Resilient PNT Shore-based Infrastructure fit for e-navigation Common Maritime Data Structure (CMDS) The foundation IMO e-navigation Strategy (MSC85/26, Add.1, Annexes 20/21), IMO NAV Reports/WPs; IMO e-nav CG; SIP (2014) Seven pillars = seven working field where recognizable communities can work while being in sync with e-navigation international movement at large => Means to reduce complexity

5 The future Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) of the NSR: Service Spectra OPERATIONAL Services TECHNICAL Services Maritime Service Portfolios Maritime Service Portfolios The spectra of sevices The spectrum of operational services The spectrum of technical services

6 The future Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) of the NSR: Service Spectra The spectra of sevices The spectrum of operational services VTS SAR Pilotage Maritime Service Portfolios INS NAS TOS Requirements (Examples): - Which technical services? - What service level in which area? - What service quality parameters? The spectrum of technical services Radar AIS Comms RDF ENC Updates VHF HFMF SAT

7 The future Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) of the NSR: Service Spectra Power of the services spectra concept: All services (existing + new) identified, named and thereby recognized in an internationally harmonized manner => catalogues of services. Service levels, service quality parameters (existing + new) equally identified, named and thereby recognized in internationally harmonized manner => catalogue of service levels + service parameters. Such catalogues may be transferred into a data model (product specification within S-100 framework) at CMDS => electronic exchange feasible and measurement of service spectra at run time. Service-to-service dependencies (= requirements) would be known exactly => applicability of requirement management methods. International, harmonized role assignment for maintaining service descriptions by clearly identified international organisations feasible. Reduction of complexity regarding MSP handling. Synergies for (at least technical) services could potentially be gained by using same service levels + service parameters for several requirements.

8 Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) / Service Spectrum The future Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) of the NSR: From generic to specific the Canadian example Coverage Areas Source: Canadian Coast Guard (CCG), input paper to IALA e-nav Committee e-nav attachment

9 The future Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) of the NSR: Where-to apply? Two principal options for service provision: - Blanket coverage irrespective of traffic coverage area service provision within coverage area correlation between MSPs and areas - Traffic sensitive coverage service provision at routes Route Topology Model (RTM) correlation between MSPs and routes

10 What is a Route Topology Model? The construction of Route Topology Models using three elements: Leg Junction Node, e.g. Port Attributes attached to each element: - physical attributes: location, width, length, - traffic related attributes: direction, density, - services provided => Maritime Service Portfolio - Modeled using IHO S-100 methodology: RTM Product Specification : Features, Portrayal => Common Maritime Data Structure (CMDS).

11 What is a Route Topology Model? An (initial) example from the NSR with London tube map portrayal mode only Motorways of the Seas level shown: Grosser Belt To Öresund Kadet-Rinne Kiel Canal Fehmarnbelt TSS Terschelling- German Bight Western Approach Kiel TSS Terschelling- German Bight Emden Wilhelmshaven Bremerhaven Elbe River Brunsbüttel Lübeck- Travemünde Hamburg Lübeck Wismar Rostock Bremen

12 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? Existing pre-cursors of RTMs: 1. the Motorways of the Sea (MoS) artist s impression artist s impression???? Source: EU, TEN-T documents

13 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? Existing pre-cursors of RTMs: 2. the lanes of Marine Spatial Planning S13

14 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? Start with the density plots and analyse the routes becoming visible Source: ACCSEAS GIS

15 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? An initial version of the North Sea Region Route Topology Map (NSR-RTM) Source: ACCSEAS GIS

16 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? An initial version of the NSR-RTM: Traffic directions shown Source: ACCSEAS GIS

17 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? An initial version of the NSR-RTM: Offshore installations shown Source: ACCSEAS GIS

18 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? Zoom-in: the southern entrance to the North Sea (with traffic densities, offshore installations, and TSS) Source: ACCSEAS GIS

19 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? Zoom-in: the German Bight + Kiel Canal (with present traffic densities, future offshore installations, and TSS) Source: ACCSEAS GIS

20 How to arrive at a practical North Sea Region- Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM)? An initial version of the NSR-RTM: partially shown; with present traffic densities, future offshore installations, and TSS Source: ACCSEAS GIS

21 Potential applications of the NSR-RTM (Generic) Route Topology Modeling is a description tool: - Captures a present situation, as derived from traffic density analysis and objective features of waterways and ports - Allows for higher level analysis: add attributes Example: IWRAP risk figures modeled as attributes in the RTM. - Allows to capture present service spectra in correlation with routes, junctions, nodes. - Allows to categorize different levels of waterways and sea routes

22 Potential applications of the NSR-RTM An initial IWRAP risk analysis as based on the NSR-RTM IWRAP risk values entered as attributes

23 Potential applications of the NSR-RTM Three potential levels of the NSR-RTM: 1. Motorways of the Sea (MoS) shipping lanes Grosser Belt Kadet-Rinne To Öresund Kiel Canal Fehmarnbelt TSS Terschelling- German Bight Western Approach Kiel TSS Terschelling- German Bight Emden Wilhelmshaven Bremerhaven Elbe River Brunsbüttel Lübeck- Travemünde Hamburg Lübeck Wismar Rostock Bremen 2. Roads of the Sea (RoS) shipping lanes, i. e. shipping lanes, other than MoS, relevant for professional/commercial shipping (including ferry routes, offshore construction and supply traffic etc.); 3. Small Craft (SC) shipping lanes, i. e. all other shipping lanes, in particular those only available, due to physical dimensions, for small crafts such as fishing vessels and pleasure crafts.

24 Potential applications of the NSR-RTM (Generic) Route Topology Modeling is a planning tool: - Captures a perceived future situation, as based on traffic forecasts and planned objective features of waterways and ports - Allows for higher level analysis: add attributes on future Example: IWRAP risk figures modeled as attributes in the RTM on perceived future situation (2020+). - Allows to capture future planned/required service spectrum, i. e. future Maritime Service Portfolio(s). - Allows to create a development plan for different levels of waterways and sea routes => fill the TEN MoS gaps - May reconcile shipping needs with Marine Spatial Planning: a well justified grid of future Traffic Separation Schemes in North Sea Region as a proposal for IMO?

25 Next steps with ACCSEAS - Further develop generic description of the Route Topology Model: - Verbal / graphical description in comprehensive standalone document - Start develop IHO S-100 based product specification, features, portrayal - Offer to international e-navigation movement for standardization on global scale => generic global MSPs; contribution to CMDS (HGDM) - Create initial North Sea Region Route Topology Model (NSR-RTM) for present situation and future situation (2020+) - Create NSR-Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs) map (following Canadian example): associate existing service spectra/msps to routes where meaningful. - Suggest future amended service spectra/msps in NSR

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