1 Gulf of Aden Internationally Recommended Transit Corridor & Group Transit Explanation The following information is intended to clarify the purpose & scope of the Transit Corridor and to outline the practical aspects for merchant vessels participating in Group Transits. August 2010
2 IR Transit Corridor The IRTC was amended in 2009 to reflect revised analysis of GOA pirate activity and shipping industry feedback. The new corridor has been positioned further from established fishing areas resulting in a decrease in false piracy alerts. The corridor is 492 miles long and has an East bound and a West bound lane. Each lane is 5 miles wide with a 2 mile separation between the lanes. The corridor is not marked or defined by navigational aids, and is not intended to be a TSS. However to make warship patrols more effective, vessels transiting the GOA are strongly recommended to adhere to the Transit Corridor and Group Transit guidelines.
3 IR Transit Corridor The East bound corridor starts at 45 E between N & N and ends at 53 E between N & N. The West bound corridor starts at 53 E between N & N and ends at 45 E between N & N. 053 E E
4 Group Transits GROUP TRANSITS ARE NOT CONVOYS! Group Transits are designed to put ships into different speed groups in order to exploit the additional protection and assurance of being in a group. The times for different groups to enter the IRTC are calculated so that they pass through the area of statistically greatest danger, between 47E & 49E, at night and ensures that all ships, regardless of speed, are together at first light. This allows the military forces in the area to best position their assets in the area so as to protect ships against piracy and to give assistance in case of attack. Analysis of successful and attempted pirate attacks in the region clearly indicate that attacks during darkness are rare and, to date, have a zero success rate. Many of the successful attacks have occurred around first or last light in the area between 47E & 49E. In 2010 statistics show that there have been no successful attacks on ships keeping to Group Transit times & speeds.
5 Group Transits Area of greatest threat statistically between 47E & 49E (This is area is constantly reviewed and may be changed.) Night time / darkness transit section (approximate) Most vulnerable time / area of GT Point B Point A Region where military forces are concentrating piracy surveillance efforts.
6 Group Transit Groupings Speed (SOG) Eastbound Point A Westbound Point B 10 kts 01:00 Z 04:00 LT 15:00 Z 18:00 LT 12 kts 05:30 Z 08:30 LT 21:00 Z 00:01 LT 14 kts 08:30 Z 11:30 LT 01:00 Z 04:00 LT 16 kts 11:00 Z 14:00 LT 05:30 Z 08:30 LT 18 kts 13:00 Z 16:00 LT 07:00 Z 10:00 LT Point A Point B
7 Westbound GT Case Study Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Ship A VLCC 12 kts Ship D Offshore Supply 10 kts Ship B Bulk Carrier 14 kts Ship E Car Carrier 14 kts Ship C LNG Carrier 18 kts Ship F General Cargo 12 kts F D A Time : 15:00Z 18:00LT
8 Westbound GT Case Study Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Ship A VLCC 12 kts Ship D Offshore Supply 10 kts Ship B Bulk Carrier 14 kts Ship E Car Carrier 14 kts Ship C LNG Carrier 18 kts Ship F General Cargo 12 kts D F A B E C Time : 01:00Z 04:00LT
9 Westbound GT Case Study Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Ship A VLCC 12 kts Ship D Offshore Supply 10 kts Ship B Bulk Carrier 14 kts Ship E Car Carrier 14 kts Ship C LNG Carrier 18 kts Ship F General Cargo 12 kts D F A B E C Time : 15:30Z 18:30LT
10 Westbound GT Case Study Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Ship A VLCC 12 kts Ship D Offshore Supply 10 kts Ship B Bulk Carrier 14 kts Ship E Car Carrier 14 kts Ship C LNG Carrier 18 kts Ship F General Cargo 12 kts B D C E F A Time : 03:00Z (06:00LT) All Westbound Transit vessels are grouped together when passing through what EU NAVFOR believe to be the most vulnerable phase of the transit which allows naval forces to offer protection for all transit vessels during this time.
11 Westbound GT Case Study Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Vessel ID Vessel Type Transit Speed Ship A VLCC 12 kts Ship D Offshore Supply 10 kts Ship B Bulk Carrier 14 kts Ship E Car Carrier 14 kts Ship C LNG Carrier 18 kts Ship F General Cargo 12 kts C B E F A D
12 Important Considerations GROUP TRANSITS ARE NOT CONVOYS Group Transits may not be closely accompanied by a warship. As shown in the Case Study, although a vessel may see no other vessels at the start of her transit, other vessels participating in the same transit will converge during the critical stage of the transit. For this reason it is most important that a vessel enters the IRTC at the correct time and does NOT stop and wait for other vessels. Also they should, as far as possible, maintain the group speed over the ground. Even if in a Group Transit each vessel must still employ all possible anti-piracy security measures in compliance with BMP3 and keep a VHF watch on Ch. 16 & 8 throughout the transit. Without registering a vessel movement with MSCHOA and transmitting regular position, course, speed & ETA at IRTC entrance updates to MSCHOA, EU NAVFOR will be unable to provide warships with information regarding which vessels are in each transit and when/where they should expect to see them.
13 Further Information A website created by EU NAVFOR Somalia in order to inform the Merchant Shipping community with regard to the continued threat of Piracy off the Horn of Africa. (User registration is required to access all areas of the website) address monitored by EU Maritime Security Centre military and merchant navy personnel where questions regarding the Transit Corridor and Group Transits may be directed.
WORLD SHIPPING COUNCIL P A R T N E R S I N T R A D E Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy InterManager BMP4 Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based
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