Fungi and plants practice

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Fungi and plants practice"

Transcription

1 Name: Period: Date: Fungi and plants practice Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate your answer choice with an UPPER CASE letter in the space provided. 1. Fungi exhibit certain characteristics. One of these characteristics is that they A. reproduce using seeds and pollen. B. are prokaryotes. C. lack cell nuclei. D. are capable of carrying on photosynthesis. E. reproduce using spores. 2. An example of a single-celled fungus would be A. yeast. B. hypha. C. mycelia. D. eukaryote. E. chitin. 3. The cell walls of fungi are composed mainly of A. hyphae. B. cellulose. C. chitin. D. phospholipids. E. mycelia. 4. This characteristic allows fungi to withstand heat and drought conditions. A. hyphae B. cell walls C. mycelia D. specialized organelles E. spores 5. In fungi, a fruiting body is involved in A. protection from drought and heat. B. protection from cold. C. reproduction. D. digestion. E. interactions with plants. 6. Although there are similarities between animal and fungal digestion, there is a major difference. Identify this difference. A. Animal digestion uses enzymes; fungal digestion does not. B. Only animals begin the digestive process outside the body. C. Larger nutrient molecules are absorbed through the animal cell membrane than through fungal cell membranes. D. A fungus will digest nutrient matter outside of its body. E. Under certain conditions, fungi can produce their own nutrients. 7. The major causes of plant diseases are A. protozoa. B. viruses. C. bacteria. D. worms. E. fungi. 8. When a haploid "plus" mating type fungal cell fuses with a haploid "minus" mating type cell, this can lead to a single cell containing two haploid nuclei called a A. spore. B. dikaryon. C. fruiting body. D. haploid-diploid. E. fusion product. 9. In fungal reproduction, sexual fusion refers to A. the combining of cells of opposite mating types. B. fusion between spores of different mating types. C. fusion between hyphae from fungi of different mating types. D. fusion between haploid nuclei in a dikaryon. E. the dominance of the haploid phase in the fungal life cycle. 10. The fungal-plant root combination is referred to as A. mycorrhizae. B. symbiosis. C. hyphae. D. mycelia. E. lichen. 11. Lichens are A. parasitic interactions between a fungus and an alga. B. only found growing on living matter. C. symbiotic associations between a fungus and an alga. D. capable of causing some obscure diseases. E. insensitive to changes in the environment. 1

2 Name: 12. Lichens are used by scientists as an indicator of pollution because they A. require nonpolluted water to grow. B. are extremely sensitive to sulfur dioxide. C. react to small amounts of carbon monoxide. D. are very sensitive to ultraviolet radiation. E. respond to increased levels of chlorofluorocarbons. 13. Green algae such as Ulva demonstrate an alteration of generations. The diploid phase is called the A. gametophyte generation. B. embryo. C. sporophyte generation. D. diploid generation. E. zygote. 14. In plants, the secondary metabolites are primarily responsible for A. nutrition. B. food gathering. C. overcoming air pollutants. D. defense. E. protection against ultraviolet radiation. 15. In bryophytes, the rhizoids A. serve as attachment structures. B. obtain nutrients. C. obtain water. D. lure possible prey. E. are involved in reproduction. 16. The vascular transport tubes of plants are reinforced with A. cellulose. B. chitin. C. rhizoids. D. mycorrhizae. E. lignin. 17. Some plants require water for reproduction. This is because A. it is needed for germination of the spores. B. the eggs would dry out otherwise. C. the sperm are motile and need to swim to the egg to accomplish fertilization. D. the plants must be actively growing in order to reproduce. E. the seeds will be carried on the water to new sites. 18. In gymnosperms, the formation of the female gametophyte takes place in the A. microspores. B. megaspores. C. macrospores. D. ovule. E. rhizomes. 19. All of the following are parts of a flower except the A. carpel. B. stamen. C. ovary. D. fruit. E. cuticle. 20. In general, mammals are not good at dispersing chili plant seeds because A. the seeds die as they pass through the digestive tract. B. the mammals do not travel very far before they release the chili seeds. C. the chili seeds do not stick to the mammals' fur. D. chili seeds are dispersed mainly by the wind. E. the mammals are the main pollinators for the chili plant. 21. Arrange the following characteristics in order from the earliest to the most recent to evolve. 1. fruits 2. ovules 3. multicellular embryos 4. vascular system 5. alternation of generations A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 B. 3, 2, 4, 5, 1 C. 5, 2, 4, 3, 1 D. 5, 3, 4, 2, 1 E. 3, 5, 4, 2, Which of the following is an adaptation to land characteristic of gymnosperms but not ferns? A. seeds B. spores C. vascular system D. alternation of generations E. flowers 23. Which of the following are adaptations to land of both gymnosperms and angiosperms but are lacking in ferns and mosses? A. pollen and seeds B. fruits and flowers C. vascular system D. true roots, stems, and leaves E. spores 2

3 Name: 24. Which of the following plant groups specifically need water for sperm transport? A. mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants B. mosses, ferns, conifers C. mosses, ferns D. mosses only E. flowering plants only 25. Which plant group has a dominant gametophyte generation when compared to the sporophyte generation? A. flowering plants B. gymnosperms C. ferns D. horsetails E. bryophytes 26. Which of the following is an adaptation to land seen in ferns but not in mosses? A. vascular system B. alternation of generations C. ovules D. seeds E. spores Text Section: plant evolution, adaptation to land 27. A dikaryotic cell will originate from A. a sperm that fertilizes an egg. B. a spore that germinates into a hypha. C. alternation of generations. D. pollination. E. fusion of haploid cells from plus and minus mating types. 28. Which of the following is not a type of true fungus? A. puff balls B. mushrooms C. slime molds D. morels E. yeasts 29. The principal polysaccharide found in fungal cell walls is also found in A. archaebacterial cell walls. B. eubacterial cell walls. C. cell walls of land plants. D. cell walls of red algae. E. insect exoskeletons. 30. Fungi digest organic matter A. by using bacterial endosymbionts. B. with extracellular enzymes. C. in their fruiting bodies. D. inside the hyphal cells, after phagocytosis. E. by using hydrolytic enzymes of their host cells. 31. Fungi and plants resemble each other because they both A. have cells surrounded by cell walls. B. are typically heterotrophic. C. often cause disease. D. are composed of cells with two different nuclei. E. have flagellated cells. 32. Asexually produced fungal spores are, whereas fungal cells produced sexually, by the fusion of two mating strains, are. A. haploid; dikaryons B. haploid; diploid C. diploid; dikaryons D. diploid; haploid E. dikaryons; diploid 33. The mycorrhizae found interacting with the roots of land plants are A. pathogens, feeding on plant tissue they have damaged with toxins. B. parasites, draining sugar from the plant's vascular system. C. saprophytes, stripping dead tissue from the root. D. symbionts, facilitating the plant's uptake of minerals. E. commensals, exploiting a benign environment, but neither helping nor harming the plant. 34. What do fungi contribute to the survival of lichens? A. trap solar energy B. protect the partnership from air pollution C. provide the motility needed to relocate when conditions become unfavorable D. promote rapid growth of the overall structure E. absorb and retain water 3

4 Name: 35. The principal criterion used to classify fungi into divisions (the equivalent of phyla) is A. the pigments found in the hyphal cells. B. the components of their cell walls. C. the biochemistry of their plasma membranes. D. the morphology of the sexual spore-bearing structures. E. the pattern of cilia on their external surfaces. 36. Unlike land plants, green algae do not have A. chlorophyll b. B. carotenoids. C. embryos. D. diploid generations. E. flagellated cells. 37. In algae and plants with a life cycle characterized by alternation of generations, the _ produces spores by. A. zygote; meiosis B. gametophyte; mitosis C. gametophyte; meiosis D. sporophyte: mitosis E. sporophyte; meiosis 38. Which of the following characteristics does the life cycle of the alga Ulva share with the life cycle of seed plants? A. male and female gametes that look the same B. male and female gametes produced by mitosis C. sporophytes and gametophytes that look the same D. diploid spores E. fertilization in the open water 39. Plants have adapted to dry land by evolving all of the following except A. association with mycorrhizae to improve mineral uptake. B. secreting a waxy coating to prevent water loss. C. forms of chlorophyll more efficient at capturing light. D. tissues to conduct water through the plant. E. structures to protect reproductive cells and embryos. 40. Bryophytes differ from other land plants in that they do not have A. lignified water transport tissue. B. protected sporophyte embryos. C. spores. D. a gametophyte generation. E. a diploid generation. 41. Gymnosperms (such as conifers) and angiosperms (such as lilies) differ in that only the angiosperms have A. lignified transport tissues. B. leaves. C. seeds. D. fruits. E. swimming sperm. 42. The chile plant produces a fruit that promotes a symbiotic relationship with A. bees. B. birds. C. bats. D. rodents. E. beetles. Matching Match the following trait with the correct adaptive advantage. A. increases the chances of pollination B. protection from desiccation C. decreases predation D. increases gas exchange E. allows movement of nutrients and water throughout plant F. increases chance of wide dispersal of offspring 43. Vascular systems 44. Flowers 45. Seeds and fruits 46. Cuticles 4

5 Name: 47. Stomata Match the following characteristics with the correct group of plants. A. flowering plants B. ferns C. mosses D. algae E. pine trees 48. These land plants have a more conspicuous gametophyte than sporophyte generation. 49. These are the first land plants that produced ovules. 50. This group does not generally produce multicellular embryos. 51. The ovules of these plants are encased in a "vessel." 52. This group of land plants was the first to evolve xylem and phloem. Match the following characteristics with the correct group of organisms. A. bacteria B. green algae C. fungi D. bryophytes E. ferns F. gymnosperms G. angiosperms 53. Members of this group are heterotrophic or autotrophic and contain prokaryotic cells 54. All members of this group are heterotrophic and contain eukaryotic cells 55. Members of this group are autotrophic, eukaryotic, produce ovules, but lack flowers. 56. These organisms are autotrophic and eukaryotic but lack multicellular embryos. 57. These autotrophic, eukaryotic organisms contain a vascular system but lack seeds. Match each property to the appropriate group or groups of land plants. A. mosses only B. ferns only C. angiosperms only D. mosses and ferns only E. ferns and angiosperms only F. mosses, ferns, and angiosperms 58. This group has two free-living independent generations. 59. This group produces seeds. 60. Most of the organism's photosynthesis is carried out by the gametophyte generation in this group. 61. Fertilization of egg by sperm produces the beginning of the sporophyte generation for this group. 62. This group has support and water conduction tissues with lignin in the cell wall. 63. Sperm must swim to fertilize the egg in this group. 5

6 Fungi and plants practice Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. E 2. A 3. C 4. B 5. C 6. D 7. E 8. B 9. D 10. A 11. C 12. B 13. C 14. D 15. A 16. E 17. C 18. B 19. E 20. A 21. D 22. A 23. A 24. C 25. E 26. A 27. E 28. C 29. E 30. B 31. A 32. A 33. D 34. E 35. D 36. C 37. E 38. B 1

7 39. C 40. A 41. D 42. B MATCHING 43. E 44. A 45. F 46. B 47. D 48. C 49. E 50. D 51. A 52. B 53. A 54. C 55. F 56. B 57. E 58. B 59. C 60. A 61. F 62. E 63. D 2

Name: Period: Date: ID: A

Name: Period: Date: ID: A Name: _ Period: ate: I: Plant Practice Test Multiple hoice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate your answer choice with an UPPR S letter in the space

More information

Introduction to Plants

Introduction to Plants Introduction to Plants Unity and Diversity of Life Q: What are the five main groups of plants, and how have four of these groups adapted to life on land? 22.1 What are of plants? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER:

More information

Question Bank Five Kingdom Classification

Question Bank Five Kingdom Classification Question Bank Five Kingdom Classification 1. Who proposed Five Kingdom Classification? Give the bases of classification. Ans. Whittaker in 1969 proposed five kingdom classification based on :- (i) Cell

More information

PLANT DIVERSITY. EVOLUTION OF LAND PLANTS KINGDOM: Plantae

PLANT DIVERSITY. EVOLUTION OF LAND PLANTS KINGDOM: Plantae PLANT DIVERSITY 1 EVOLUTION OF LAND PLANTS KINGDOM: Plantae Spores Leaf Ancestral green algae Flagellated sperm for reproduction Plenty of water Nutrients and CO 2 diffuse into tissues Holdfast Flagellated

More information

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice 10B Plant Systems Guided Practice Reproduction Station 1 1. Observe Plant A. Locate the following parts of the flower: stamen, stigma, style, ovary. 2. Draw and label the parts of a flower (listed above)

More information

Characteristics of Fungi

Characteristics of Fungi Kingdom Fungi 1 Characteristics of Fungi Heterotrophic saprobes cells of hyphae secrete digestive enzymes and absorb products of digestion Cell wall made of chitin - a polysaccharide with added nitrogen

More information

B.10B Interactions with Plants

B.10B Interactions with Plants B.10B Interactions with Plants Picture Vocabulary stimuli Anything that prompts a response or action response An action that is prompted by a stimulus xylem Plant tissue that transports water absorbed

More information

The Plant Kingdom: Seedless & Seed Plants

The Plant Kingdom: Seedless & Seed Plants The Plant Kingdom: Seedless & Seed Plants Gen Bio 2 Chapters 27/28 Dr. S 1 Colonization of Land by Plants Required anatomical, physiological, and reproductive adaptations Waxy cuticle protects against

More information

PLANT EVOLUTION DISPLAY Handout

PLANT EVOLUTION DISPLAY Handout PLANT EVOLUTION DISPLAY Handout Name: TA and Section time Welcome to UCSC Greenhouses. This sheet explains a few botanical facts about plant reproduction that will help you through the display and handout.

More information

Pre-lab homework Lab 2: Reproduction in Protists, Fungi, Moss and Ferns

Pre-lab homework Lab 2: Reproduction in Protists, Fungi, Moss and Ferns Pre-lab homework Lab 2: Reproduction in Protists, Fungi, Moss and Ferns Lab Section: Name: 1. Last week in lab you looked at the reproductive cycle of the animals. This week s lab examines the cycles of

More information

Flowers; Seeds enclosed in fruit

Flowers; Seeds enclosed in fruit Name Class Date Chapter 22 Plant Diversity Section Review 22-1 Reviewing Key Concepts Short Answer On the lines provided, answer the following questions. 1. Describe the main characteristics of plants.

More information

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616)

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Chapter 24 Reproduction of Seed Plants Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Key Concepts What are the reproductive structures of gymnosperms and angiosperms? How does pollination

More information

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616)

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Chapter 24 Reproduction of Seed Plants Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) This section describes the reproductive structures of gymnosperms and angiosperms. It also explains

More information

8. Study the cladogram underline the derived characteristics and circle the organisms that developed from them.

8. Study the cladogram underline the derived characteristics and circle the organisms that developed from them. Seed Plants: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Answer the questions as you go through the power point, there are also paragraphs to read where you will need to hi-lite or underline as you read. 1. What are the

More information

PLANTS: NONVASCULAR, VASCULAR, SEED AND SEEDLESS LAB 1 of 3

PLANTS: NONVASCULAR, VASCULAR, SEED AND SEEDLESS LAB 1 of 3 PLANTS: NONVASCULAR, VASCULAR, SEED AND SEEDLESS LAB 1 of 3 Objective: After completing this series of labs, you should be able to do the following: Describe adaptations that allowed Plants to colonize

More information

Biology 172L General Biology Lab II Lab 03: Plant Life Cycles and Adaptations II: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms

Biology 172L General Biology Lab II Lab 03: Plant Life Cycles and Adaptations II: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Biology 172L General Biology Lab II Lab 03: Plant Life Cycles and Adaptations II: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Introduction Vascular seed-bearing plants, such as gymnosperms (cone-bearing plants) and angiosperms

More information

Kingdom Plantae Plant Diversity II

Kingdom Plantae Plant Diversity II Kingdom Plantae Plant Diversity II Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 3A Illustrations 2014 Cengage Learning unless otherwise noted Text 2014 Andrea Garrison Plant Diversity II 2 Plant Classification Bryophytes

More information

Plant Reproduction. 2. Evolutionarily, floral parts are modified A. stems B. leaves C. roots D. stolons E. suberins

Plant Reproduction. 2. Evolutionarily, floral parts are modified A. stems B. leaves C. roots D. stolons E. suberins Plant Reproduction 1. Angiosperms use temporary reproductive structures that are not present in any other group of plants. These structures are called A. cones B. carpels C. receptacles D. flowers E. seeds

More information

And the Green Grass Grew All Around and Around, the Green Grass Grew All. Evolution of Plants

And the Green Grass Grew All Around and Around, the Green Grass Grew All. Evolution of Plants And the Green Grass Grew All Around and Around, the Green Grass Grew All Around Evolution of Plants Adapting to Terrestrial Living Plants are complex multicellular organisms that are autotrophs they feed

More information

Chapter 18. Land environment: plant and fungi 生醫系劉秉慧老師分機 /03

Chapter 18. Land environment: plant and fungi 生醫系劉秉慧老師分機 /03 Chapter 18 Land environment: plant and fungi 生醫系劉秉慧老師分機 11815 2010/03 Alteration of generation - sporophyte and gametophyte - the dominant generation Diversity of plant - nonvascular plant : moss and its

More information

Chapter 38: Angiosperm Reproduction and Biotechnology

Chapter 38: Angiosperm Reproduction and Biotechnology Name Period Concept 38.1 Flowers, double fertilization, and fruits are unique features of the angiosperm life cycle This may be a good time for you to go back to Chapter 29 and review alternation of generation

More information

BIOL 1030 TOPIC 5 LECTURE NOTES TOPIC 5: SEEDLESS VASCULAR PLANTS (CH. 29)

BIOL 1030 TOPIC 5 LECTURE NOTES TOPIC 5: SEEDLESS VASCULAR PLANTS (CH. 29) TOPIC 5: SEEDLESS VASCULAR PLANTS (CH. 29) I. Vascular Plants (overview) plants with xylem and phloem 7 or 9 living phyla, depending on who you talk to able to dominate most terrestrial habitats because

More information

Introduction. Plant Diversity: Plant Colonization of Land. Ch. 29. Dr. James E. Moore. Office: AH 110. Phone:

Introduction. Plant Diversity: Plant Colonization of Land. Ch. 29. Dr. James E. Moore. Office: AH 110. Phone: Introduction Plant Diversity: Plant Colonization of Land Ch. 29 Dr. James E. Moore Office: AH 110 Phone: 321-3451 Email: jmoore25@cbu.edu Website for course materials: http://facstaff.cbu.edu/~jmoore25

More information

STATION 1: Gymnosperm Survey

STATION 1: Gymnosperm Survey The Seed Plants: Laboratory Gymnosperms & Angiospserms 5 Introduction Gymnosperms and angiosperms are vascular, sporophyte-dominant plants that produce seeds. Although these heterosporous plants still

More information

QQ01 To cover handouts FC01-FC03

QQ01 To cover handouts FC01-FC03 QQ0 To cover handouts FC0-FC03 QUICK QUESTIONS ON CELL BIOLOGY!. Give 2 differences between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. See class sheets 2. State whether the following cell types are prokaryotic

More information

Hyphal Structure Most are multicellular. Body Structure The morphology of multicellular fungi. Some have no cross wall- Coenocytic.

Hyphal Structure Most are multicellular. Body Structure The morphology of multicellular fungi. Some have no cross wall- Coenocytic. Body Structure The morphology of multicellular fungi Enhances ability to absorb nutrients Chitin Reproductive structure. The mushroom produces tiny cells called spores. Hyphae. The mushroom and its subterranean

More information

nucleus cytoplasm membrane wall A cell is the smallest unit that makes up living and nonliving things.

nucleus cytoplasm membrane wall A cell is the smallest unit that makes up living and nonliving things. 1 In nature there are living things and nonliving things. Living things depend on three basic life processes: nutrition, sensitivity and reproduction. Living things are made up of cells. 1. Match the two

More information

Plant Biology Learning Framework

Plant Biology Learning Framework Plant Biology Learning Framework Topic Plant Structure and Function Plant Growth and Reproduction Organization of Matter and Energy Flow Information Processing/Signal Transduction Plants in Ecosystems

More information

Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW. many different body forms and ways of living. and reproduce in a similar way to bacteria.

Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW. many different body forms and ways of living. and reproduce in a similar way to bacteria. Protists and Fungi Interdependence in Nature Q: How do protists and fungi affect the homeostasis of other organisms and ecosystems? 21.1 Why are protists difficult to classify? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER:

More information

BOTANY BASICS. or Aren t plants absolutely amazing? By Donna Rea, Klamath County Master Gardener

BOTANY BASICS. or Aren t plants absolutely amazing? By Donna Rea, Klamath County Master Gardener BOTANY BASICS or Aren t plants absolutely amazing? By Donna Rea, Klamath County Master Gardener Plant characteristics All Plants Many celled not microscopic Cell walls surround cells Reproduce with spores

More information

Expt. How do flowering plants do it without flagella? The journey to find an egg. What causes pollen grain germination and tube growth?

Expt. How do flowering plants do it without flagella? The journey to find an egg. What causes pollen grain germination and tube growth? 1 Expt. How do flowering plants do it without flagella? The journey to find an egg. What causes pollen grain germination and tube growth? File: F12-07_pollen Modified from E. Moctezuma & others for BSCI

More information

Biology 213 Angiosperms. Introduction

Biology 213 Angiosperms. Introduction Biology 213 Angiosperms Introduction The flowering plants, the angiosperms, are the most recent plants to evolve and quickly became the dominant plant life on this planet. They are also the most diverse

More information

Life Cycle Patterns. 1. First some basics: Fertilization, Mitosis and Meiosis

Life Cycle Patterns. 1. First some basics: Fertilization, Mitosis and Meiosis Life Cycle Patterns We ll take a look at the basics of life cycles. We will NOT focus on gametic life cycles as these are primarily for animals (Bio 1B with John!). We ll look at Fungus (zygotic life cycle),

More information

2. Fill in the blank. The of a cell is like a leader, directing and telling the different parts of the cell what to do.

2. Fill in the blank. The of a cell is like a leader, directing and telling the different parts of the cell what to do. 1. Plant and animal cells have some similarities as well as differences. What is one thing that plant and animal cells have in common? A. cell wall B. chlorophyll C. nucleus D. chloroplasts 2. Fill in

More information

The first land plants: bryophytes ( non-vascular plants) 1. Traits shared by land plants, and lacking in the charophyceans

The first land plants: bryophytes ( non-vascular plants) 1. Traits shared by land plants, and lacking in the charophyceans Figure 29.1 Some highlights of plant evolution Figure 29.2x Chara Traits shared by charophyceans and land plants Very similar plastids (structurally similar, but especially similar chloroplast DNA) Very

More information

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth.

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67 For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 3.5 to 2 billion years ago Prokaryotes thrive in many different environments.

More information

Plant Physiology. Topic 5: Seed Formation and Development

Plant Physiology. Topic 5: Seed Formation and Development Plant Physiology Topic 5: Seed Formation and Development Rebicca Edward (PhD in Plant Science) Faculty of Resource Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sarawak This OpenCourseWare@UNIMAS and its

More information

Unit 10- Plants /Study Guide KEY

Unit 10- Plants /Study Guide KEY Plant Diversity Unit 10- Plants /Study Guide KEY Answer Key SECTION 20.1. ORIGINS OF PLANT LIFE 1. eukaryotic, photosynthetic, same types of chlorophyll, starch as storage product, cellulose in cell walls

More information

Protists and Fungi. What color are the cells in the living culture?

Protists and Fungi. What color are the cells in the living culture? Protists and Fungi Objectives 1. Recognize and identify (to genus) the organisms covered in lab. 2. Describe the characteristics of each organism. 3. Correctly classify the organisms. I. Protists The protists

More information

1. Overview of the Fungi

1. Overview of the Fungi Chapter 12A: EUKARYOTES The Fungi 1. Overview 2. Major Fungal Phyla 1. Overview of the Fungi Overview of the Fungi General characteristics: eukaryotic absorptive heterotrophs unicellular (yeasts) or multicellular

More information

Lecture 14. Euglena - an Example of a Single- Celled Autotrophic Protist

Lecture 14. Euglena - an Example of a Single- Celled Autotrophic Protist Lecture 14 Euglena - an Example of a Single- Celled Autotrophic Protist Overview of Lecture 14 Nutrition Basic Structure Light Detection and Phototaxis Locomotion Exchanging Materials Osmoregulation Nutrition

More information

Lec 2. Plant body: form & function

Lec 2. Plant body: form & function Lec 2. Plant body: form & function 1. Seed plants are the most successful land plants. Why? Main stages of a plant s life cycle. 2. Plants have developed appropriate structures to carry out the functions:

More information

Gymnázium, Brno, Slovanské nám. 7, WORKBOOK - Biology WORKBOOK.

Gymnázium, Brno, Slovanské nám. 7, WORKBOOK - Biology WORKBOOK. WORKBOOK http://agb.gymnaslo.cz Subjekt: Biology Teacher: Iva Kubištová Student:.. School year:../. This material was prepared with using http://biologygmh.com/ Topics: 1. 2. 3. 4. Life of Cell 5. 6. 7.

More information

The Toledo Zoo/ThinkingWorks. Teacher Overview for the Conservatory Lessons

The Toledo Zoo/ThinkingWorks. Teacher Overview for the Conservatory Lessons The Toledo Zoo/ThinkingWorks Teacher Overview for the Conservatory Lessons Teacher Overview: Conservatory Plants have many traits that are unique to this particular kingdom of living things. Below is a

More information

Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1

Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1 Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1 We have just finished looking at the process of mitosis, a process that produces cells genetically identical to the original cell. Mitosis ensures that each cell of an organism

More information

Sexual reproduction in Angiosperms

Sexual reproduction in Angiosperms Sexual reproduction in Angiosperms Name: ANGIOSPERMS Angiosperms are plants that have their seeds enclosed in an ovule inside their flower. About 80% of the plants we see and know are angiosperms. The

More information

ANS: Sugars combine to form carbohydrates; amino acids combine to form proteins. FEEDBACK: 2.1 DIFFICULTY: medium

ANS: Sugars combine to form carbohydrates; amino acids combine to form proteins. FEEDBACK: 2.1 DIFFICULTY: medium Solutions to Problems in Chapter 2 My comments/additions/corrections are in BOLDFACE. 2.1 Carbohydrates and proteins are linear polymers. What types of molecules combine to form these polymers? ANS: Sugars

More information

The Nonvascular Plants & Seedless Vascular Plants

The Nonvascular Plants & Seedless Vascular Plants The Nonvascular Plants & Seedless Vascular Plants Laboratory 4 Introduction Members of kingdom Plantae are all multicellular organisms exhibiting cellulose cell walls, an alternation of generations life

More information

2006S Bio153 Lab 4: Seedless Vascular Plants July 11 th / July 13 th

2006S Bio153 Lab 4: Seedless Vascular Plants July 11 th / July 13 th 1 2006S Bio153 Lab 4: Seedless Vascular Plants July 11 th / July 13 th After the appearance of land plants, the next big evolutionary step was the development of vascular tissue. Vascular tissue allows

More information

IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions. Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9. Chapter 6 Plant structure and function

IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions. Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9. Chapter 6 Plant structure and function 1 IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9 Chapter 6 Plant structure and function Page 54 1. a Epidermis. Helps maintain shape, reduces evaporation, resists

More information

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell?

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell? CHAPTER 1 2 SECTION Cells: The Basic Units of Life Eukaryotic Cells BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What

More information

Programme Cycle Three

Programme Cycle Three Teachers Instructions Activity 1 Plants & Vegetation Plants can be either herbaceous or woody. Most Herbaceous Plants have stems that are soft, green, and contain little woody tissue. These plants are

More information

Exercise 7 Angiosperm Reproduction: Flowers and Fruits Biol 1012, S2008, Lee, Etterson, and Little

Exercise 7 Angiosperm Reproduction: Flowers and Fruits Biol 1012, S2008, Lee, Etterson, and Little Exercise 7 Angiosperm Reproduction: Flowers and Fruits Biol 1012, S2008, Lee, Etterson, and Little Goals Relate structures in a flower to the plant life cycle: alternation of generations. Identify floral,

More information

BIOLOGY ORDINARY LEVEL SAMPLE

BIOLOGY ORDINARY LEVEL SAMPLE M43 Write your Examination Number here Coimisiún na Scrúduithe Stáit State Examinations Commission LEAVING CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION BIOLOGY ORDINARY LEVEL SAMPLE 3 hours Section A Answer any five questions

More information

3. The diagram below illustrates a biochemical process that occurs in organisms.

3. The diagram below illustrates a biochemical process that occurs in organisms. 1. Base your answer to the following question on Which cellular organelle is represented by the diagram below? 3. The diagram below illustrates a biochemical process that occurs in organisms. A) cell wall

More information

28 Exploring Redi s Experiment

28 Exploring Redi s Experiment 28 Exploring Redi s Experiment Prentice-Hall, Inc. One jar was left uncovered. The second jar was covered. SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Maggots appeared on the meat in the open jar. Redi concluded

More information

Chapter 3. Biology of Flowering Plants: Reproduction. Gametophytes, Fruits, Seeds, and Embryos

Chapter 3. Biology of Flowering Plants: Reproduction. Gametophytes, Fruits, Seeds, and Embryos BOT 3015L (Sherdan/Outlaw/Aghoram); Page 1 of 13 Chapter 3 Biology of Flowering Plants: Reproduction Gametophytes, Fruits, Seeds, and Embryos Objectives Angiosperms. Understand alternation of generations.

More information

Textbook Evert RF and SE Eichorn 2012 Raven Biology of Plants. Eighth Edition. WH Freeman. (Table of Contents i ). Lecture Topics

Textbook Evert RF and SE Eichorn 2012 Raven Biology of Plants. Eighth Edition. WH Freeman. (Table of Contents i ). Lecture Topics Science/Biology 2010.04 Plant Biology 3 credits lecture (3 hours/week; 12 weeks); 1 credit laboratory (3 hours/week; 12 weeks) Current advances in plant biology research, highlighting plant structure,

More information

Cells are tiny building blocks that make up all living things. Cells are so small that you need a microscope to see them.

Cells are tiny building blocks that make up all living things. Cells are so small that you need a microscope to see them. FC01 CELLS s are tiny building blocks that make up all living things. s are so small that you need a microscope to see them. ANIMAL CELL PLANT CELL This is the control centre of the cell. It contains chromosomes

More information

JC BIOLOGY DEFINITIONS

JC BIOLOGY DEFINITIONS JC BIOLOGY DEFINITIONS 7 characteristics of living things - feeding, respiration, movement, sensitivity, growth, reproduction, excretion. Tissue similar cells doing the same job, muscle, blood, skin. Organ

More information

About 445 million years ago (mya), the ocean was filled with

About 445 million years ago (mya), the ocean was filled with 27 The Plant Kingdom: Seedless Plants Moss-covered rocks. Shown is Elowa Falls, Columbia River Gorge, Oregon. Darrell Gulin /Getty Images KEY CONCEPTS Biologists infer that plants evolved from aquatic

More information

PARASITISM AND DISEASE DEVELOPMENT

PARASITISM AND DISEASE DEVELOPMENT Principle of Plant Protection 0606101 PARASITISM AND DISEASE DEVELOPMENT Lecture 3 Pathogen and Pathogenicity Pathogen: a disease causing agent. Pathogenicity: ability for an organism to interfere with

More information

March 9, 2015 Unit A: Life Science Chapter 1: How Plants Live and Grow Sequencing Many things have a certain order. When you place things in the

March 9, 2015 Unit A: Life Science Chapter 1: How Plants Live and Grow Sequencing Many things have a certain order. When you place things in the March 9, 2015 Unit A: Life Science Chapter 1: How Plants Live and Grow Sequencing Many things have a certain order. When you place things in the correct order you are sequencing the items. When we talk

More information

FIFTH GRADE PLANT LIFE

FIFTH GRADE PLANT LIFE FIFTH GRADE PLANT LIFE 2 weeks LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES LIFE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIFTH GRADE ORGANISMS WEEK 1. PRE: Identifying animal and plant cell parts. LAB: Exploring the different organelles of

More information

Sexual and Asexual Reproduction

Sexual and Asexual Reproduction Program Support Notes by: Janine Haeusler M. Sc (Ed), B. Ed Produced by: VEA Pty Ltd Commissioning Editor: Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. Executive Producers: Edwina Baden-Powell B.A, CVP. Sandra Frerichs

More information

PLANT REPRODUCTION. Lesson Plans. Janet Huguet

PLANT REPRODUCTION. Lesson Plans. Janet Huguet Lesson Plans January March 2009 TOPIC: LIVING THINGS: HOW TO CLASSIFY THE TWO KINGDOMS LESSONS 1 & 2 TIMING 2 sessions LEVEL: KEY SKILLS: Pupils will be able To consider that scientific classification

More information

CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS

CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS reflect Organization helps us make sense of our surroundings. Some people organize their sock drawers by color. Books in a library are often organized by topic. Food in a grocery store is organized so

More information

this group is P. Gnetophyta - gnetophyta called the P. Ginkophyta - ginkgo gymnosperms P. Anthophyta - flowering plants - angiosperms

this group is P. Gnetophyta - gnetophyta called the P. Ginkophyta - ginkgo gymnosperms P. Anthophyta - flowering plants - angiosperms Kingdom Plantae Characteristics chloroplasts with chlorophyll a & b, and carotenoids cellulose cell walls formation of cell plate during cell division starch used for carbohydrate storage Life cycle -

More information

Overview: Variations on a Theme Genetics Heredity Variation Concept 13.1: Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes

Overview: Variations on a Theme Genetics Heredity Variation Concept 13.1: Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes Overview: Variations on a Theme Living organisms are distinguished by their ability to reproduce their own kind Genetics is the scientific study of heredity and variation Heredity is the transmission of

More information

Name: Verbal Reasoning. Science. Revision Guide. Sue Hunter AN HACHETTE UK COMPANY

Name: Verbal Reasoning. Science. Revision Guide. Sue Hunter AN HACHETTE UK COMPANY Name: Verbal Reasoning Science Revision Guide Sue Hunter AN HACHETTE UK COMPANY Contents and progress record Use this page to plot your revision. Colour in the boxes when you feel confident with the skill

More information

T H I S A T H O M. Structure and Function in Living Things. Chapter 15 The Diversity of Life Chapter 16 Plants Chapter 17 Animals

T H I S A T H O M. Structure and Function in Living Things. Chapter 15 The Diversity of Life Chapter 16 Plants Chapter 17 Animals E Structure and Function in Living Things Chapter 15 The Diversity of Life Chapter 16 Plants Chapter 17 Animals T H I S A T H O M Look at the illustration above. How many different species can you identify?

More information

Genetics (20%) Sample Test Prep Questions

Genetics (20%) Sample Test Prep Questions Genetics (20%) Sample Test Prep Questions Grade 7 (2a Genetics) Students know the differences between the life cycles and reproduction methods of sexual and asexual organisms. (pg. 106 Science Framework)

More information

Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey

Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey Why Do Living Things Interact With Each Other? Because, in order to survive, a living organism depends on other living things. Organisms may interact to find food

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 1 Ojectives Distinguish between the following terms: somatic cell and gamete; autosome and sex chromosomes; haploid and diploid. List the phases of meiosis I and

More information

21.3 The Ecology of Protists

21.3 The Ecology of Protists 21.3 The Ecology of Protists Lesson Objectives Describe the ecological significance of photosynthetic protists. Describe how heterotrophic protists obtain food. Identify the symbiotic relationships that

More information

Objectives. Explain how classification schemes for kingdoms developed as greater numbers of different organisms became known.

Objectives. Explain how classification schemes for kingdoms developed as greater numbers of different organisms became known. Objectives Explain how classification schemes for kingdoms developed as greater numbers of different organisms became known. Describe each of the six kingdoms. I. What is it? A. What Is Used to Classify

More information

SCIENCE 502. Life Cycles... 7 II. SEED-BEARING PLANTS Life Stages... 11

SCIENCE 502. Life Cycles... 7 II. SEED-BEARING PLANTS Life Stages... 11 Grade 5 Unit 2 SCIENCE 502 PLANTS: LIFE CYCLES CONTENTS Introduction............................ 1 I. CLASSIFYING LIVING THINGS AND PLANTS 4 Kinds of Plants......................... 6 Parts of Plants..........................

More information

COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School

COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School COURSE PROCEDURE FOR GENERAL BIOLOGY II BIO4135 5 Credit Hours Student Level: This course is open to students on the college level in either the freshman

More information

A BRIEF HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH. Objectives. The Ever- Changing Earth

A BRIEF HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH. Objectives. The Ever- Changing Earth A BRIEF HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH Objectives Describe how Earth s environment has changed over the past 4 billion years. Identify the minimum requirements for life. Describe the difference between prokaryotic

More information

Chapter 2 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi

Chapter 2 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi complete petri dishes Chapter 2 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi Viruses Lesson 1 Objectives Name and describe the characteristics of viruses and how they multiply. Discuss both positive and negative

More information

4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow?

4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow? 4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow? ecosystem Ecosystem is the living and nonliving things and the way they interact in an environment.

More information

Regents Review # 3: Levels of Organization & Cell Structures and Functions

Regents Review # 3: Levels of Organization & Cell Structures and Functions Name: Due Date: Regents Review # 3: Levels of Organization & Cell Structures and Functions The Big Ideas: Important levels of organization for structure and function include organelles, cells, tissues,

More information

Appendix 2: Roots, Meristems, and Mieosis/Mitosis Tree Roots

Appendix 2: Roots, Meristems, and Mieosis/Mitosis Tree Roots Appendix 2: Roots, Meristems, and Mieosis/Mitosis Tree Roots The roots of trees anchor the tree to the substrate, absorb water and nutrients from the substrate, and form mutualistic relationships with

More information

DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES

DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES Q.1 Why do organisms need to take food? DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 1 NUTRITION IN PLANTS Ans. All organisms take food and utilise it to get energy for the growth and maintenance of their bodies.

More information

Science 10-Biology Activity 14 Worksheet on Sexual Reproduction

Science 10-Biology Activity 14 Worksheet on Sexual Reproduction Science 10-Biology Activity 14 Worksheet on Sexual Reproduction 10 Name Due Date Show Me NOTE: This worksheet is based on material from pages 367-372 in Science Probe. 1. Sexual reproduction requires parents,

More information

Domain: Archaea Group: Methanogens methane releasing Group: Halophiles lives in high salt areas Group: Thermophiles lives in extreme temperatures

Domain: Archaea Group: Methanogens methane releasing Group: Halophiles lives in high salt areas Group: Thermophiles lives in extreme temperatures Domain: Archaea Group: Methanogens methane releasing Group: Halophiles lives in high salt areas Group: Thermophiles lives in extreme temperatures Viruses b Virus Structure Virus Structure Capsid Protein

More information

The Eukaryotic cell probably originated as a community of prokaryotes

The Eukaryotic cell probably originated as a community of prokaryotes The Eukaryotic cell probably originated as a community of prokaryotes The fossil record indicates that they first evolved more than 1.7 bya. The endomembrane system is thought to have evolved by membrane

More information

Name: Period : Jaguar Review: Life Science

Name: Period : Jaguar Review: Life Science Name: Period : Life Sciences-Benchmark A, B, C and D Jaguar Review: Life Science 1. What is the role of the mitochondrion in cells? A. It converts sunlight to energy. B. It controls all functions of the

More information

Figure One. Proposed relationships between plants and plant-like groups

Figure One. Proposed relationships between plants and plant-like groups Biology 3B Laboratory Nonvascular and Seedless Vascular Plants Objectives To understand the general systematic relationships of the Bryophytes and Pteridophytes Learn the basic plant life cycle, alternation

More information

Table of Contents. North Carolina Essential Standards Correlation Chart... 6

Table of Contents. North Carolina Essential Standards Correlation Chart... 6 Table of Contents North Carolina Essential Standards Correlation Chart........ 6 Objectives Chapter 1 Cell Biology................................. 9 Lesson 1 Cell Structure...............................

More information

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS PLANT BITS 4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS There are four main parts to a plant. They are the root, stem, leaf and flower. Each part has an important task to do in the life of

More information

The Single Cell versus Colonial Algae

The Single Cell versus Colonial Algae The Single Cell versus Colonial Algae Before plants were made up of many cells, or multi-cellular, they were singlecelled organisms similar to algae that lived in the water. Algae evolved from single-celled

More information

All About Plants. What are plants?

All About Plants. What are plants? All About Plants What are plants? Plants are living things that are made up of cells. They need air, water, soil, and sunlight to live. They cannot move from place to place, but their leaves move to catch

More information

Plant Classification, Structure, Growth and Hormones

Plant Classification, Structure, Growth and Hormones Biology SAT II Review Sheet Plants Plant Classification, Structure, Growth and Hormones Multicellular autotrophs (organisms that use the energy of inorganic materials to produce organic materials) Utilize

More information

A.P. Biology Plant Notes

A.P. Biology Plant Notes A.P. Biology Plant Notes Basic Characteristics: Multicellular Eukaryotes, photosynthetic autotrophs, cell walls contain cellulose, food reserve that is starch stored in plastids, chloroplasts with photosynthetic

More information

Vascular Plants Bryophytes. Seedless Plants

Vascular Plants Bryophytes. Seedless Plants plant reproduction The Plants Vascular Plants Bryophytes Liverworts, Hornworts, Mosses lack roots and specialized tissues grow in moist, shady areas All have sieve cells and tracheids Seedless Plants Ferns

More information

WHAT CELL REPRODUCTION ACCOMPLISHES. Reproduction

WHAT CELL REPRODUCTION ACCOMPLISHES. Reproduction WHAT CELL REPRODUCTION ACCOMPLISHES Reproduction may result in the birth of new organisms but more commonly involves the production of new cells. When a cell undergoes reproduction, or cell division, two

More information

REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT

REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT Name Per Date REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT I. CHROMOSOMES rod shaped structures in nucleus consist of genes which contain genetic information (DNA) sex chromosomes determine sex of an organism a. EGGS =

More information

Mutualism and Commensalism

Mutualism and Commensalism 14 Mutualism and Commensalism Case Study: The First Farmers Figure 14.1 Collecting Food for Their Fungi Case Study: The First Farmers Figure 14.2 The Fungal Garden of a Leaf-cutter Ant The ants cannot

More information