Forensic Anthropology Forensic Science

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Forensic Anthropology Forensic Science"

Transcription

1 Forensic Anthropology Forensic Science A Closer Look At Bones Science Unit Years 9/10

2 Forensic Science Unit: Forensic Anthropology Years 9/ weeks Forensic anthropology is about obtaining evidence from bones, which can be used in investigating crimes. Pupils will be familiar with some procedures through watching crime investigation programmes on television. This unit explores bones, their structure and make up in different types of skeletons. It looks at how the information contained in bones can be used for identification purposes and give clues about the deceased person s lifestyle. This is quite a long unit teachers may choose to leave out some of the key questions, or choose an order more appropriate for their class. Key Questions What is the human skeleton like? What are other skeletons like? What information can the skeleton give us about a person? What is the structure of bone? What are bones made of? How are the bones different? How can forensics teams identify a person when the skeleton is incomplete? How can forensics teams tell the height of a person from only one bone? Would you consider a career in forensics? Developing Pupils Knowledge, Understanding and Skills Develop creative and critical thinking in their approach to solving scientific problems. Links with Other Learning Areas / Subject Strands Maths This unit contains mathematical calculations including use of formula. Develop a range of practical skills, including the safe use of science Art equipment. Possible collaboration in terms of figure drawing. Learn about: Organisms and Health Exploring roles of forensic artist, sculptor and photographer. Developing Pupils Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities The main focus in this unit is on developing skills in Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making o Generating questions o Identifying a range of options and making choices o Finding patterns o Identifying similarities and differences o Linking cause and effect. There are also opportunities to develop the other Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities.

3 What is the human skeleton like? Setting the scene: Newspaper article/video clip about human remains being found. Example below from BBC NEWS. Discussion activity What do pupils know about this type of scenario, for example, from their viewing of crime programmes on television? Pupil responses could be recorded using a mind map. Simulation activity Crime lab. Gather the pupils around a model skeleton on the table (wearing lab coats if possible). Discuss what happens at this stage of an investigation. What are the different roles of the investigators? to generate questions. Thinking, Problem-Solving, Decision- Making. about bones making up the human skeleton. What questions need to be answered? Pupils work in small groups to generate questions that need to be answered. Groups compare and share their questions. The most common and interesting ones are recorded on thought boards. Looking closer at human skeleton In their own words, pupils describe the structure of the human skeleton. Make a list of ten observations. Pupils examine human skeleton models. Using unlabelled skeleton diagrams showing front and rear views, pupils identify bones that they can name and label these on the diagrams.

4 What are other skeletons like? to compare and contrast Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Pupils examine the skeleton of a four legged mammal such as a rabbit or cat. a) Apart from size, in what are the ways does it differ from a human skeleton? b) Explain these differences in terms of function and adaptation. Pupils examine the skeletons of other vertebrates such as a bird, frog and fish. a) How do they differ from each other? b) Relate the structure of the skeleton to the kind of life the animal leads.

5 What information can the skeleton give us about a person? about how to look for evidence to make a decision/prediction. Gender Is the skeleton a Jane Doe or a John Doe Can a skeleton be male or female? What are the clues? (Possibly clip from a forensic science programme or a crime photograph). The sex of a skeleton can be determined in several ways by examining different parts. Most of these differences are due to changes which occur at puberty. The difference in hips is very obvious, as a male's hip are narrower and a female's hips are wider, being built for child bearing. Another way is by examining the skull. Males have a sloping forehead while females have a straighter forehead. Pupils look at the skulls of their classmates to see if they notice this feature. Males have a more square jaw bone while in females it is more V-shaped. Males also have more pronounced brow bones.

6 Age What age was the person? How can we tell? How do teeth change over time? How do bones change over time? What information can the bones give us? Can you tell what injuries the person suffered when they were alive? Teeth Young children will have not lost their milk teeth. Between the ages of 14 and 18, wisdom teeth start to appear. With age there is wearing of the teeth. Bone During the teenage years, bones become thicker and larger and fuse together in a process known as 'ossification'. The bone in the body that finishes growing last is the collarbone, which ceases growth at 28 years. In the bones of the elderly, degeneration begins to occur. Pupils summarise the information gleaned from the skeleton and predict what the possible causes of death could have been.

7 What is the structure of bone? about the structure of a bone. Bones tend to be classified by their shape. Long bones are found in the limbs and tend to be long relative to their diameter with some curvature to give them strength. Each has a shaft (diaphysis) and two enlarged ends (epiphyses). Safety Any bones which students are to handle must be cleaned and sterilised in advance by teacher/lab technician. Remove as much flesh as possible with a sharp knife. Place bones in a beaker of water and a little sodium carbonate. Simmer (do not boil) until the rest of the flesh is easily removed. Return to beaker and simmer for a few more minutes. Use an old nylon tooth brush or pan scourer to remove flesh. Eye protection should be worn if bones or cartilage are being cut. Hand washing is essential after the investigation. Follow CLEAPSS Laboratory Handbook guidelines (Section 14), CLEAPSS CD-Rom. In this investigation, the structure of a long bone is examined. Ask pupils to : o List the long bones in the human skeleton. o Suggest two reasons why the ends might be enlarged. Show the pupils a long bone cut in half down the middle. Note that the diaphysis encloses the marrow cavity. Questions for pupils: Why do you think long bones are hollow? o What does the marrow look like? o What is the function of the marrow? o The diaphysis is composed of dense bone tissue. What is the thickness of this tissue in millimetres? (opportunity to use callipers for bone measurements)

8 Examine the epiphyses of the long bone. Note that it is filled with a spongy bone. The spongy bone is formed from a network of plates or trabeculae, which produce a honeycomb structure. o What is the thickness of the dense bone at the epiphyses? o What is the advantage of the spongy bone in the epiphyses? Extension: Teacher carefully slices a thin layer of the spongy bone for pupils to examine under a microscope. Alternatively, purchased pre-prepared slides may be used. Take a dry stick about 50cm long. Place one end on the floor and press down on the other end until the stick bends and breaks. From what the pupils observed in breaking the stick, they suggest a reason for the differences between it and a bone. They can use the information from their answers to the earlier questions. If present on the bone, point out and explain the functions of cartilage, tendons and ligaments. Otherwise, a model such as one of the knee joint could be used. Following from this investigation, discuss the different injuries that affect bones and joints.

9 What are bones made of? that calcium is needed for strong bones. to make links between cause and effect. Thinking, Problem-Solving, Decision- Making An Investigation into Bone Composition Bones contain the compound Calcium Carbonate. Pupils observe what happens when a lump of Calcium Carbonate is placed in vinegar. Use clean whole long bones from chicken wings. Take a bone and try to break it. Were you able to bend the bone? Was it easy or hard to break? Place a bone into a beaker of vinegar and leave for 5-7 days. Pour off the vinegar, rinse the bone in water and examine it. Describe any change in the bone since it was left in the vinegar. Try bending the bone. What do you notice? Is it possible to tie a knot in the bone? Suggest a hypothesis for the change in the bone. As an alternative or further activity, use an egg instead of bone. The vinegar will react with Calcium Carbonate in the shell. This would take hours rather than days. (If a hard boiled egg is used, it reduces the risk of messy breakages). Having completed this investigation, consider the following questions: What substances are essential in the diet for the development of healthy bones? What foods are good sources of these substances? What could make bones unhealthy? Are there any diseases that affect bones?

10 How are the bones different? to identify similarities and differences Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Pupils discuss possible ways of classifying the different types of bones in the skeleton. They could be given cards with pictures of different bones and asked to sort them into three groups. Pupils consider: the characteristics of each bone; how they will group them into categories; which ones fit best into the different categories; and what additional information might be needed before putting them into a particular category. about the functions of these bones. to make links between cause and effect. Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making to identify similarities and differences. Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Pupils relate the structure of a skeleton to its function. This could be achieved through group/class discussion with guidance as necessary, for example: Which of these bones: a) Hold the body up? b) Are involved in movement? c) Protect the soft organs? Pupils could colour code their diagrams to show which bones are involved in each of the above functions. Compare the shoulders and hipbones. a) What do these have in common? b) In what ways do they differ? c) Can you explain the differences?

11 Examine the hand and foot in detail. In what way are these structures suited to their jobs? Examine and describe a vertebra in detail. What do pupils think are the functions of the vertebrae? Are pupils surprised at the number of bones that make up the back? Are there any advantages in having many bones like this rather than one long one? The human backbone has been described as being mechanically like a skyscraper. It has also been described as being more like the leaning tower of Pisa. Which description do pupils think is more accurate and why?

12 How can forensics teams identify a person when the skeleton is incomplete? Different parts of the body are in proportion to each other. This is reflected in the bones as well. Knowing the length of one bone, especially long bones like the femur, forensic scientists can estimate the height of a person. What other occupations need to know about body proportions? (Examples include artists, fashion designers, clothes production, medical doctors, etc.)... about identifying a range of options and making choices. Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making to record measurements accurately using appropriate units. Pupil generated model Pupils predict possible relationships between the sizes of different parts in the body, for example, height and arm span are equal lengths. Pupils measure some or all of the following in centimetres(cm): Total height Length of foot Ankle to hip Knee to ankle = tibia Length of thigh = femur Length of arm (wrist to shoulder) Length of forearm (wrist to elbow) = radius Length of upper arm (elbow to shoulder) = humerus Index finger Circumference of wrist Circumference of neck Circumference of leg (just above the knee) Arm span (finger tip to finger tip) Width of back (shoulder to shoulder) Opportunity to assess Using Mathematics

13 to look for and find patterns in numerical data. Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Pupils should tabulate results for boys and girls separately (due to different proportions between the different sexes). They could record these measurements on a spreadsheet. Opportunity to assess Using ICT Ask the students if they see any relationships between the measurements. Are any of the numbers similar? What information can be extracted from these statistics? What questions do they stimulate? Plot a graph between two different body measurements, for example, height to arm span, hand to face or height to face. Ask pupils to analyse their results to see if they support their hypothesis. Give reasons to justify their conclusion(s). Are all bone measurements proportional to total height? Could pupils build a mathematical model to describe this? Could this model be used to determine height, if only one bone is recovered from a crime scene? Opportunity to assess Using Mathematics

14 How can forensics teams tell the height of a person from only one bone? to use mathematical formula in solving forensics problems. Forensic scientists use mathematical models to determine total height for a person when alive with information from the skeleton or isolated bones. The bones that are used are the femur (F), the tibia (T), the humerus (H), and the radius (R). Where in the body are these bones? Locate them on a model skeleton. The following formulae* can be used to determine the height, h. Measurements are in centimetres (cm). Male Female h = F h = F h= T h = T h= H h = H h= R h = R After the age of thirty, the height of a person begins to decrease at the rate of approximately 0.06 cm per year. This shrinkage must be considered when the age of the victim is known. Working out the height of a crime victim makes identification of the person more likely. Use the above formulae to work out the following: Forensic Science Problems 1. The femur of a 25-year-old male measured 49.7 cm. What was the height of the person? 2. The tibia of a 32-year-old female measured 33.5 cm. What was the height of the person? 3. Pupils use the formulas to calculate the lengths of their own femur, tibia, humerus, and radius. Opportunities to assess Using Mathematics * Formulae taken from: George Knill, Mathematics in Forensic Science, Mathematics Teacher, February: 31-32

15 Would you consider a career in forensics? about careers involving forensic science. to generate own questions for different purposes. Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Forensic artists can create a life-like reconstruction of a human face using modelling clay built up on a skull. If a model of skull is available, pupils could attempt to do this using plasticine. Alternatively, they could watch a video/programme extract showing the process. Useful resources: Pupils reflect on the questions that they generated at the start of this unit. They group them under the headings answered and not yet answered. They select one or more not yet answered questions for further research/extension activities. Make pupils aware that some of their questions may not have answers. Further research could involve inviting a speaker to the classroom for a question and answer session. Contact the local forensic science branch of the police department or the coroner s office to see if they would be available to do this. Pupils prepare questions ahead of the visit. Useful Resource:

16 Development of Learning Outcome Demonstrate a range of practical skills in undertaking experiments, including the safe use of scientific equipment and appropriate mathematical calculations. Show deeper scientific understanding by thinking critically and flexibly, solving problems and making informed decisions, Using mathematics and Using ICT where appropriate. Work effectively with others. Links with Key Elements Personal Health Employability Links with Learning for Life and Work Employability Key Concept Career Management (Forensic Science career opportunities) Personal Development Key Concept Personal Health (Healthy bones) Home Economics Key Concept Healthy Eating (Eating for bone health)

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES

FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES Forensic Anthropology = the examinations of human skeletal remains for law enforcement agencies to determine the identity of unidentified bones. Questions asked: 1. Are the

More information

Problem: CSI: The Experience - Educator s Guide

Problem: CSI: The Experience - Educator s Guide Problem: At a nearby construction zone, workers have made a startling discovery. They uncovered several bones that look like they were buried some time ago. You are part of a team of forensic anthropologists

More information

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 activity 21 Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 SC.F.1.2.1 The student knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions

More information

Model of the Human Skeleton

Model of the Human Skeleton Model of the Human Skeleton Have students read about the skeletal system below and take the two short answer quizzes. They can study the labeled skeleton and then try to label a whole skeleton themselves.

More information

Activity: Can You Identify the Age?

Activity: Can You Identify the Age? Activity: Can You Identify the Age? Skeletons are good age markers because teeth and bones mature at fairly predictable rates. How Teeth Reveal Age For toddler to age 21, teeth are the most accurate age

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

Who are you: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom

Who are you: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom Who are you: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom K. Lindsay Eaves-Johnson, M.A., University of Iowa Nancy Tatarek, Ph.D., Ohio University Philadelphia,

More information

FORENSIC SCIENCE COURSE DESCRIPTION

FORENSIC SCIENCE COURSE DESCRIPTION FORENSIC SCIENCE COURSE DESCRIPTION This course is an overview of how science is applied to solving crimes. Topics include history of forensic sciences, collecting of evidence, analyzing results and hands-on

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Laboratory Investigation 24B Chapter 24B: The Skeletal System

Laboratory Investigation 24B Chapter 24B: The Skeletal System Name Class Date Station # Laboratory Investigation 24B Chapter 24B: The Skeletal System Human Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System You may refer to pages 422-425 in your textbook for a general discussion

More information

Avoid The Dreaded Back Injury by Proper Lifting Techniques

Avoid The Dreaded Back Injury by Proper Lifting Techniques Avoid The Dreaded Back Injury by Proper Lifting Techniques If you ve ever strained your back while lifting something, you ll know the importance of lifting safely. Agenda Introduction About the Back The

More information

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Grade Level: Middle and High School Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is to give students the opportunity to explore the field of forensic anthropology, the science used to investigate the Lassen/Clapper

More information

What is a Biomedical Engineer?

What is a Biomedical Engineer? A What is a Biomedical Engineer? Draw and label a picture of a biomedical engineer at work. Explain your drawing of a biomedical engineer: A-6 Student Post Assessment Lessons 1 and 2 What is a Biomedical

More information

Surgical Art. Formulaic Drawing Method. DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes

Surgical Art. Formulaic Drawing Method. DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes Surgical Art Formulaic Drawing Method Formulaic figure drawing systems involve using abstract rhythms and interlocking shapes to construct the human

More information

Protect your students quality of life

Protect your students quality of life Gold Gold Plus Platinum Protect your students quality of life A quality education is an investment in a child s future, providing students with the skills, knowledge and experience to make the most of

More information

Growth Plate Injuries

Growth Plate Injuries Growth Plate Injuries Richard A. Bernstein, MD The Orthopaedic Group, LLC The Growth Plate Our skeleton is a marvelous thing. It grows as we grow! And it does this without shutting down or closing for

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

Name Class Date. Materials Part 1. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle Diagrams.

Name Class Date. Materials Part 1. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle Diagrams. Name Class Date Station # Laboratory Investigation 12 Chapter 24C: The Muscular System Human Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System You may refer to pages 426-428 in your textbook for a general discussion

More information

Accident Coverage Details

Accident Coverage Details Accident Coverage Details Choose Level 1 or Level 2 Benefits Accident Coverage provides 24-hour coverage or off-the-job coverage. Select the level of coverage that best meets your needs and budget. BENEFITS

More information

Forensic detectives. magnifying glass Foot prints. brain training. Badge

Forensic detectives. magnifying glass Foot prints. brain training. Badge 32 Forensic detectives magnifying glass Foot prints brain training Badge Forensic detectives 33 Suitable for: 11 16 years Curriculum and learning links: Separating mixtures, analytical and forensic techniques,

More information

MINDING OUR BODIES. Healthy Eating and Physical Activity for Mental Health

MINDING OUR BODIES. Healthy Eating and Physical Activity for Mental Health MINDING OUR BODIES Healthy Eating and Physical Activity for Mental Health Facilitators Guide: Background Information (note: tell participants to consult with their doctor before starting to exercise) What

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

CHS 06-07 BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES

CHS 06-07 BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES CHS 06-07 BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES This chapter provides a review of bone and skeletal tissue. The human skeleton is composed primarily of two connective tissues: (1) cartilage and (2) bone. CHARACTERISTICS

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

Osseous Tissue & Structure. The skeletal system includes: Storage of minerals: calcium salts

Osseous Tissue & Structure. The skeletal system includes: Storage of minerals: calcium salts Chapter 15 Lecture The Skeletal System: Osseous Tissue & Skeletal Structure The Skeletal System The skeletal system includes: Bones, cartilages, ligaments Bone tissue = osseous tissue Includes living cells

More information

Standard Life and Accident Insurance Company

Standard Life and Accident Insurance Company Standard Life and Accident Insurance Company SLAFCB Introducing Accident Plan Highlights At Standard Life and Accident Insurance Company, we know that life happens and things can go wrong. Accidents can

More information

Radiology Reference Guide

Radiology Reference Guide Radiology Reference Guide Your skeleton gives your body structure and support. It is made of living bone cells, living tissues, blood vessels, mineral deposits and water. Your skeleton also protects delicate

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

Accidents Happen. AccidentAdvance SM accident insurance. Wouldn t you like extra protection for your family?

Accidents Happen. AccidentAdvance SM accident insurance. Wouldn t you like extra protection for your family? Accidents Happen. Wouldn t you like extra protection for your family? Underwritten by Transamerica Life Insurance Company, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. AccidentAdvance SM accident insurance Now there s help if

More information

Student Accident Insurance Platinum Protect TABLE OF EVENTS

Student Accident Insurance Platinum Protect TABLE OF EVENTS Student Accident Insurance Platinum Protect TABLE OF EVENTS Injury as defined, resulting in; Section 1 Permanent Disabilities (In each case the Injury suffered must be Permanent). Compensation Payable

More information

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body.

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body. BONE BINGO Background: The human skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints. Our skeleton has four major functions: Support The main job of the skeleton is to provide

More information

Chapter 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue

Chapter 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue Chapter 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue Chapter Objectives FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM 1. Discuss the functions of support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cell

More information

Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue JEOPARDY!! With your host Mrs. Colson

Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue JEOPARDY!! With your host Mrs. Colson Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue JEOPARDY!! With your host Mrs. Colson Classification & Function Bone Structure Bone Development Remodeling & Repair RANDOM! 10 10 10 10 10 20 20 20 20 20 30 30 30 30 30

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

1. outer fibrous layer contains fibroblasts that secrete collagen

1. outer fibrous layer contains fibroblasts that secrete collagen I. cartilage A. perichondrium 1. outer fibrous layer contains fibroblasts that secrete collagen 2. inner chondrogenic layer contains cells that can proliferate and turn into chondroblasts B. cartilage

More information

INCOME PROTECTION. Publisher 62, Male, Severe ear condition INJURY AS A RESULT OF TRAUMA E.G. LOSS OF LIMB

INCOME PROTECTION. Publisher 62, Male, Severe ear condition INJURY AS A RESULT OF TRAUMA E.G. LOSS OF LIMB INCOME PROTECTION Telephonist 31, Female, Lower back pain Demolition worker 40, Male, Site injury Publisher 62, Male, Severe ear condition Mining worker 37, Male, Depressive episode Dentist 51, Male, Fracture

More information

.org. Osteochondroma. Solitary Osteochondroma

.org. Osteochondroma. Solitary Osteochondroma Osteochondroma Page ( 1 ) An osteochondroma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that develops during childhood or adolescence. It is an abnormal growth that forms on the surface of a bone near the growth

More information

The Muscular System. Pre- Lab Discussion. Problem. Materials

The Muscular System. Pre- Lab Discussion. Problem. Materials Lab #14H The Muscular System Pre- Lab Discussion Muscle tissue consists of groups of cells that are specialized for contraction. In the body, muscle tissue is usually organized into organs called muscles.

More information

RP0807 - PERFORM SPLINTING TECHNIQUES

RP0807 - PERFORM SPLINTING TECHNIQUES RP0807 - PERFORM SPLINTING TECHNIQUES TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE. 1. Without the aid of references, given a casualty and standard combat lifesaver medical equipment set, perform splinting techniques,

More information

This curriculum is part of the Educational Program of Studies of the Rahway Public Schools. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This curriculum is part of the Educational Program of Studies of the Rahway Public Schools. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS CURRICULUM FOR FORENSIC SCIENCE CYCLE GRADE 7 This curriculum is part of the Educational Program of Studies of the Rahway Public Schools. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Kevin Robinson, Program Supervisor of STEM The

More information

POLICY 2: DEATH AND PERMANENT DISABILITY

POLICY 2: DEATH AND PERMANENT DISABILITY POLICY 2: DEATH AND PERMANENT DISABILITY Article 1 - Death (as a result from any cause) 1.1. - Amount of indemnity The capital sum payable on the death of an Insured Person, shall be: 1. 25.000 USD in

More information

06-6542 n/a MYSTERY OF THE BLOOD STAIN (RE)

06-6542 n/a MYSTERY OF THE BLOOD STAIN (RE) DATA SHEET Order code Manufacturer code Description 06-6542 n/a MYSTERY OF THE BLOOD STAIN (RE) The enclosed information is believed to be correct, Information may change without notice due to product

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal system Bones (skeleton) Joints Cartilages Ligaments (bone

More information

Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide

Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide A publication from the Center of Pain Medicine and Physiatric Rehabilitation 2002 Medical Parkway Ste 150 1630 Main St Ste 215 Annapolis, MD 21401 Chester, MD 21619

More information

Version 03 Sections 1 3 7540005508. Forensics. Science and Technology 11

Version 03 Sections 1 3 7540005508. Forensics. Science and Technology 11 Version 03 Sections 1 3 7540005508 Science and Technology 11 Table of Contents Science and Technology 11 Course Overview 1 Section 1 An Introduction to 11 Lesson A: Forensic Specialties 13 Lesson B: Crime

More information

LESSON 21: Rubber Eggs ESTIMATED TIME Setup: 5 10 minutes Procedure: The effects can be observed over a 3 5 day period.

LESSON 21: Rubber Eggs ESTIMATED TIME Setup: 5 10 minutes Procedure: The effects can be observed over a 3 5 day period. LESSON 21: Rubber Eggs ESTIMATED TIME Setup: 5 10 minutes Procedure: The effects can be observed over a 3 5 day period. DESCRIPTION Soak eggs in vinegar to initiate a chemical reaction and dissolve the

More information

investigation Footprints

investigation Footprints JuniorForensic investigation Footprints Become forensic scientists and solve the crime!! Kit Preview created exclusively for the Potteries museum & art Gallery Copy by Phil Morton. Page Design & Illustrations

More information

Muscles and Bones. Lesson aim. Lesson objectives. Lesson Outcomes. Curriculum links. Suggested age group suitability.

Muscles and Bones. Lesson aim. Lesson objectives. Lesson Outcomes. Curriculum links. Suggested age group suitability. Muscles and Bones Lesson aim To familiarise students with the function of the skeleton and how muscles attached to the skeleton allow us to move. Lesson objectives Students will be expected to: Work effectively

More information

COLONIAL LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE COMPANY P.O. Box 1365, Columbia, South Carolina 29202 (800) 325 4368

COLONIAL LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE COMPANY P.O. Box 1365, Columbia, South Carolina 29202 (800) 325 4368 COLONIAL LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE COMPANY P.O. Box 1365, Columbia, South Carolina 29202 (800) 325 4368 ACCIDENT ONLY INSURANCE POLICY OUTLINE OF COVERAGE (Applicable to Policy Form ACCPOL-GA.) THE POLICY

More information

SAE / Government Meeting. Washington, D.C. May 2005

SAE / Government Meeting. Washington, D.C. May 2005 SAE / Government Meeting Washington, D.C. May 2005 Overview of the Enhancements and Changes in the CIREN Program History of Phase One Established 1997 (7 centers) Four Federal centers Three GM centers

More information

Provisional monthly topic of interest: admissions caused by dogs and other mammals

Provisional monthly topic of interest: admissions caused by dogs and other mammals Provisional monthly topic of interest: admissions caused by dogs and other mammals This topic examines hospital admissions due to bites and strikes by dogs and other mammals, as recorded in the Hospital

More information

Exercise Module. A New Leaf. Choices for Healthy Living

Exercise Module. A New Leaf. Choices for Healthy Living Exercise Module A New Leaf Choices for Healthy Living University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 2007 Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Physical Activity Exercises for Keeping Active

More information

Rehabilitation after shoulder dislocation

Rehabilitation after shoulder dislocation Physiotherapy Department Rehabilitation after shoulder dislocation Information for patients This information leaflet gives you advice on rehabilitation after your shoulder dislocation. It is not a substitute

More information

Forensic Science Club

Forensic Science Club Forensic Science Club A guide to teaching students to deliver a Forensic event for younger pupils Contents Lab title Page Forward 1 planning a crime scene 2 how to select suitable students 3 club week

More information

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

Preventing Falls. Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing

Preventing Falls. Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing Preventing Falls Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing Exercise should be comfortable and fun. To get the most out of your home exercise book, join a class for older people to check your exercises

More information

Hair & Fiber. (Unit 5)

Hair & Fiber. (Unit 5) 37 Hair & Fiber (Unit 5) Morphology of Hair Hair is encountered as physical evidence in a wide variety of crimes. A review of the forensic aspects of hair examination must start with the observation that

More information

Personal Accident Plan. Fracture benefits and cash lump sums from accidental injury. Ireland. Changing the image of insurance.

Personal Accident Plan. Fracture benefits and cash lump sums from accidental injury. Ireland. Changing the image of insurance. Personal Accident Plan Fracture benefits and cash lump sums from accidental injury Ireland Changing the image of insurance. Cash benefits for fractures & injuries... We all believe it will never happen

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND The Skeletal System is made up of the bones of the body and the joints between the bones, as well as certain connective tissue (cartilage and ligaments.) This lesson

More information

Workplace Ergonomics. Presented by Fiona Wolfenden & Tessie Phan

Workplace Ergonomics. Presented by Fiona Wolfenden & Tessie Phan Presented by Fiona Wolfenden & Tessie Phan Aim To provide the user with the knowledge and skills to: Ergonomically setup their workstation Perform correct pause stretch exercises 2 Ergonomics Workplace

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES LIFE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN ORGANISMS WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing large and small organisms. LAB: Classifying and investigating large organisms.

More information

For the Employees of Bloomington Independent School District #271. Accident Insurance. A limited benefit policy

For the Employees of Bloomington Independent School District #271. Accident Insurance. A limited benefit policy For the Employees of Bloomington Independent School District #271 + Accident Insurance A limited benefit policy Accidents are unexpected as are the financial consequences. Consider the following: In the

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack

Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack Body Systems II Body Systems Digestion our bodies break down food and use Skeletal system the skeleton is made up of bones that support our the nutrients to

More information

Personal Accident Plan. Fracture benefits and cash lump sums from accidental injury. Changing the image of insurance.

Personal Accident Plan. Fracture benefits and cash lump sums from accidental injury. Changing the image of insurance. Personal Accident Plan Fracture benefits and cash lump sums from accidental injury UK Changing the image of insurance. Cash benefits for fractures & injuries... We all believe it will never happen to me

More information

Pre - Operative Rehabilitation Program for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Pre - Operative Rehabilitation Program for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Pre - Operative Rehabilitation Program for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction This protocol is designed to assist you with your preparation for surgery and should be followed under the direction

More information

Explore and Discover... Human growth. You have been asked to write a short leaflet for young people about growing up and puberty. Teacher information

Explore and Discover... Human growth. You have been asked to write a short leaflet for young people about growing up and puberty. Teacher information You have been asked to write a short leaflet for young people about growing up and puberty. Explore and Discover... Teacher information Gallery visited Human Biology Suitable for Key Stage 3 (ages 11 to

More information

Human Body Grade 3 Summative Assessment. Assessed Understandings

Human Body Grade 3 Summative Assessment. Assessed Understandings Human Body Grade 3 Summative Assessment Students will understand: Assessed Understandings 1. Bones, muscles, and joints function as a system allowing vertebrates to move and survive. 2. Structures and

More information

Contact your Doctor or Nurse for more information.

Contact your Doctor or Nurse for more information. A spinal cord injury is damage to your spinal cord that affects your movement, feeling, or the way your organs work. The injury can happen by cutting, stretching, or swelling of the spinal cord. Injury

More information

Standardized Bone Dissection Protocol for WT and Transgenic Mice (UMKC Musculoskeletal Histology Core)

Standardized Bone Dissection Protocol for WT and Transgenic Mice (UMKC Musculoskeletal Histology Core) Standardized Bone Dissection Protocol for WT and Transgenic Mice (UMKC Musculoskeletal Histology Core) For the standard analysis of the skeleton of transgenic mice, the bones that will be fixed are the

More information

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date:

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Introduction: Histology is often a very difficult topic for students. You are expected to understand the morphology and function of

More information

Extended Disability Income. Fixed cease age. Extended Disability Income. Whole Life UP TO 24 MONTHS. Pre-retirement.

Extended Disability Income. Fixed cease age. Extended Disability Income. Whole Life UP TO 24 MONTHS. Pre-retirement. For intermediaries Sanlam Risk Cover January 2015 Temporary Disability Income benefit (OIT3) Primary Income Protector benefits Waiting period Sickness Temporary Disability Income Including fixed payment

More information

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 GROUP solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 1 Injury Facts 2010 Edition, National Safety Council. THIS IS NOT A POLICY

More information

Related KidsHealth Links

Related KidsHealth Links PreK to Grade 2 Human Body Series KidsHealth.org/classroom Teacher s Guide This guide includes: Standards Related Links Discussion Questions Activities for Students Reproducible Materials Standards This

More information

UN Medical Services in New York Configuring your Computer Workstation in 8 Steps

UN Medical Services in New York Configuring your Computer Workstation in 8 Steps UN Medical Services in New York Configuring your Computer Workstation in 8 Steps This page contains a practical description of the best way how to configure your computer workstation yourself. MSD will

More information

Injury insurance designed for AMWU members

Injury insurance designed for AMWU members INJURY INSURANCE Injury insurance designed for AMWU members up to $75,000 death benefit (plus at-work cover) up to $35,000 serious trauma benefit up to $8,000 broken bones benefit higher dental injury

More information

The Search for the Missing Bones

The Search for the Missing Bones The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #2 The Search for the Missing Bones Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s)

More information

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V CLOSED CAPTIONED NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1994 Grade Levels: 5-10 20 minutes DESCRIPTION A strong, healthy body moves freely and rapidly in its daily activities,

More information

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions Unit 3L.4: Organs in the Human body Keeping Healthy The Skeleton Science skills: Classification Observing Making models Data collection By the end of this unit you should: Compare the structure of humans

More information

We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care

We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care PROTECT SAVE We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care Accidents can happen, at any time, and the injuries sustained, may be major or minor. Usually personal accident

More information

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function 7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function For the next two chapters (7 and 9) we will study the skeletal system. Although the major feature of this system is the bones, the skeletal system also consists

More information

HEALTH LEGISLATION FROM PAYING ANY MEDICARE SERVICE INCLUDING THE MEDICARE GAP

HEALTH LEGISLATION FROM PAYING ANY MEDICARE SERVICE INCLUDING THE MEDICARE GAP ABN 76 000 005 210 AFSL No. 235415 GPO Box 180 Melbourne 3001 Telephone 1300 138 498 Facsimile 03 9934 3468 schoolcareclaims@ccinsurances.com.au www.ccinsurances.com.au SchoolCare Claim Form Important

More information

MVA Accident Information

MVA Accident Information In this Report MVA Accident Information... 1 Vehicle Information... 3 Vehicular and Patient Relationship.. 4 Facts about the Patient before the MVA Accident... 4 Facts about the Patient during this MVA

More information

Chapter 7 Physical Development of the Infant

Chapter 7 Physical Development of the Infant Chapter 7 Physical Development of the Infant Mason is 10 months old. Although he is large for his age, his motor skills lag far behind those of other children his age. For example, Mason has trouble sitting

More information

Function of Bones. Bone Tissue and Bones BONE CLASSIFICATION. Long Bones Gross Anatomy. Lab Activity 1 - Gross Anatomy of a Long Bone

Function of Bones. Bone Tissue and Bones BONE CLASSIFICATION. Long Bones Gross Anatomy. Lab Activity 1 - Gross Anatomy of a Long Bone Function of Bones Bone Tissue and Bones Bones form the framework of the skeleton. Anatomy and Physiology Text and Laboratory Workbook, Stephen G. Davenport, Copyright 2006, All Rights Reserved, no part

More information

This activity will help the Bear Scout learn about being observant, looking for clues, and solving situations with those clues.

This activity will help the Bear Scout learn about being observant, looking for clues, and solving situations with those clues. Forensics RATIONALE FOR ADVENTURE This activity will help the Bear Scout learn about being observant, looking for clues, and solving situations with those clues. TAKEAWAYS FOR CUB SCOUTS Learning observation

More information

Specific massage movements.

Specific massage movements. Specific massage movements. Exclusive Body Digi-Esth Esthétique movements Awakening Prelude 5 min + Specific movements Relaxing 30 min Aromatic bags 30 min Plantar 20 min Hands 10 min = Position of the

More information

CIREN Improved Injury Causation Coding Methods; An Initial Review

CIREN Improved Injury Causation Coding Methods; An Initial Review CIREN Improved Injury Causation Coding Methods; An Initial Review Mark Scarboro, NHTSA This is a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright in the United States; it may be used or reprinted

More information

X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary

X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a fairly common joint disease that affects up to 2 million Americans. Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most debilitating

More information

Strength Training HEALTHY BONES, HEALTHY HEART

Strength Training HEALTHY BONES, HEALTHY HEART Strength Training HEALTHY BONES, HEALTHY HEART No matter what your age, strength training can improve your bone health and your balance. As we age, our bones lose both tissue and strength. This condition

More information

Concepts/Skills. Materials

Concepts/Skills. Materials . Golden Rectangles Concepts/Skills Division with decimals Proportional reasoning Problem solving Materials TI-15 Student Activity pages (pp. 75-78) Envelopes, both legal and letter size Playing cards

More information

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science.

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Supported by A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Find out about the different types of teeth in your mouth. Milk Teeth As a child you have 20 milk teeth. Your first tooth appears

More information

STUNT PERFORMER FITNESS ASSESSMENT. Pull-Ups

STUNT PERFORMER FITNESS ASSESSMENT. Pull-Ups STUNT PERFORMER FITNESS ASSESSMENT The Universal Orlando STUNT PERFORMER FITNESS ASSESSMENT is designed to measure basic fitness requirements and your ability to perform as a Stunt Performer safely and

More information

Unit 1: Best practice in science (LEVEL 2)

Unit 1: Best practice in science (LEVEL 2) Unit 1: Best practice in science (LEVEL 2) Learning outcomes By completing this unit candidates will develop a thorough knowledge and understanding of the skills necessary to undertake scientific research.

More information

Original Kinesiology Tape

Original Kinesiology Tape Original Kinesiology Tape Recommended by the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB) Recommended by the German Academy of Applied Sports Medicine(DAASM) irst in Korea Introduce and distribute Kinesiology

More information