Mahafaly'Dictionary!

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1 The$first$compendium$of$Mahafaly$Dialect$ translated$to$english$and$malagasy Mahafaly'Dictionary José%Carlos%Pons%Ballesteros% Andrianjatovo%Herinianina% % % Revised%by:% David%McDonald%% Andriamiseza%Ingarao%

2 CONTENTS' Preface'((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((' i' Certification' '1' English' 1' Mahafaly'Dialect' 2' Useful'phrases' '3' The'basics' '3' Numbers' 3' Colour' 3' Pronouns' 3' People' 4' Family' 4' Everyday'phrases' '5' Greetings,'compliments' 5' Daily'needs' '6' Eating'and'drinking' ' 6' Health' 7' Thanks' 'Requests' 8' Acceptance' 'Refusal' 8' Time' '9' The'time' 9' The'date' 9' The'months' 10' Daytime' 10' The'weather' '10' Travelling' '11' By'train' 11' By'airplane' 11' By'car' 12' Repairs' 13' Traffic' 13' At'the'customs' 'at'the'bank' '14' Money,'weights'and'measures' 14' In'the'bank' 14' Money' 14' Weights' 15' Length' 15' Volume' 15' Area' 15' At'the'post'office' 15' At'the'hotel' 16' In'the'restaurant' ' 16' Your'body' 'Your'health' '18' The'doctor' 19' At'the'laundry' 20' At'the'haberdashery' 20' At'the'hairdresser' 20' In'town' '20'

3 Directions' 20' In'the'taxi' 21' Buying'things' '21' Food' 22' Miscellaneous'purchase' 24' In'a'travel'agency' 24' Recreational'amusements' '24' The'country' '26' Renting'a'house' '26' The'furniture' 28' Visiting'friends' '27' Vocabulary' ' 29' Verbs' '66' About'the'authors' '78'

4 Preface' The%story%of%the%Mahafaly'Dictionary%starts%with%my%departure%to%the%big%red%island:%Madagascar.% In% December% of% 2010,% along% with% four% other% volunteers% from% Lebanon,% Canada,% Belgium% and% Madagascar,% I% was%selected%to%participate%in%the%explore' Volunteer' Program%hosted%by%World% Wildlife%Fund%(WWF);%a%program%that%gathers%young%professionals%from%around%the%world%with% the%potential%to%make%a%positive%contribution%to%sustainable%development%and%conservation.%% The% program s% main% aim% was% to% contribute%to%poverty% alleviation% though% sustainable% water% resource%management%in%the%mahafaly%plateau%in%the%southwest%of%madagascar.%this%semimarid% region%is%a%high%priority%area%for%the%conservation%of%madagascar s%unique%biodiversity,%and%it%is% home%to%the%mahafaly%tribe.%since%the%12 th %century%and%until%french%colonization,%the%mahafalies% managed%to%preserved%autonomy%from%outside%sources.%their%name%has%a%dual%meaning:% those% who%make%taboos %and% those%who%make%happy.% Although%there%was%a%short%time%to%prepare%for%the%trip,%and%little%detail%on%the%actual%fieldwork,%I% was%very%excited%to%be%part%of%such%a%project,%and%felt%responsible%to%have%a%positive%impact%on% the% Mahafaly% community% and% landscape.% I% arrived% to% Antananarivo% the% 15 th % January% of% 2011,% where% I% spent%the%first%week% learning% Malagasy,% buying% supplies% and% preparing% for% the% undertakings%for%fieldwork.%it%took%another%twomweek%drive%to%arrive%to%the%town%ejeda,%at%the% heart%of%the%mahafaly%region,%the%place%that%was%to%be%our%home%for%the%following%three%months.% % In%early%February%we%were%informed%of%the%work%to%be%undertaken%in%the%field.%My%assigned%task% was% to%help% organize% the% communal%reforestation% a% riparian%corridor% by% the% Linta% river.% The% community%was%sakoantovo,%a%small%village%of%about%200%inhabitants,%25%km%south%of%ejeda.%the% forests%found%there%are%key%for%animal%mating%and%migration,%they%are%also%sacred%forests,%as% they% hosted% the% spirits% of% the% ancestors% of% Sakoantovians.% Despite%their%traditional%and%% biological%relevance,%these%forests%were%being%lost%at%an%unprecedented%rate,%and%our%job%was%to% help%prevent%this.% The%idea%to%write%the%dictionary%occurred%to%me%during%one%of%the%preliminary%Mahafaly%lessons% we%took%at%the%local%catholic%school% Michel%Canon.%Despite%the%efforts%made%by%the%professor% and%myself,%the%knowledge%and%understanding%i%had%of%the%dialect%was%very%limited.%i%asked%our% Mahafaly%instructor%for%a%dictionary,%to%learn%and%practice%Mahafaly%while%I%was%home%and%onM themgo.%to%my%surprise,%he%told%me%that%he%had%none,%because%they%did%not%exist %yet.%% It% was% then% when% I% endeavoured% to% draft%one.%there% was% arduous% work% associated% with% its% compilation.%the%first%thing%i%did%was%to%find%a%guide%for%the%structure%of%the%mahafaly'dictionary,% a%set%of%words%that%i%could%translate%with%local%people.%one%of%our%neighbours%kindly%offered%a% short% MalagasyMEnglish% dictionary%for%me%to%use,%this%served%as%a%structural%guide%for%the% Mahafaly%Dictionary.%% From%there%I%engaged%into%this%project%as%many%people%as%I%could.%The%richness%and%validity%of%the% project% was% directly% related% with% the% Mahafaly% community.% The% actual% beholders% of% the% information%that%was%to%be%pored%into%the%dictionary.%%some%people%were%really%interested%in%the% project,% some% were% not.% I% remember% a%group%of%high% school% girls% that% visited% our% home% on% a% regular%basis%were%the%first%group%of%people%that%i%tried%to%engaged%into%the%project.%they%were% happy%to%help%out%on%the%day%i%talked%to%them,%unfortunately%that%was%the%last%time%they%visited% our%home.%% Without% doubt,% the% most% helpful% contributor% to% the% dictionary% was% Andrianjatovo% Herinianina% (Heri).% A% young%mahafaly%man%whose%excellent%french% led% our% interventions% in% the% field,% i

5 translating%and%guiding%our%way%around.%in%about%two%months%we%put%together%a%small%phrasem book%or%dictionary%of%about%three%thousand%english%words%and%phrases%translated%to%malagasy% and%mahafaly%dialect.%many%of%these%words%were%directly%translated%by%heri,%others%required%the% knowledge% of% people% that%were%born%more%than%halfmamcentury% ago.% One% of% the% biggest% challenges% of% making% the% dictionary,% as% I% assume% it% must% be% when% working% with%other% endangered% languages,% is% the%gradual%loss%of%information%due%to%the%influence%of%major% languages%such%as%english%and%french.%in%this%aspect%both%me%and%heri,%made%our%best%effort%to% compile%words%that%reflect%with%the%utmost%fidelity%the%epistemology%of%the%local%people.% The%compilation%of%the%dictionary%was%complete%on%the%day%I%left%Ejeda,%the%5 th %of%april%of%2011.% In% my%way% back% to% Antananarivo% I% undertook% the% task%to%transcribe%the%dictionary%to%my% computer,%and%design%its%edition%and%cover.%the%first%edition%was%presented%to%wwf%madagascar% in%may%2011.% Since%the%first%edition,%the%dictionary%has%undergone%substantial%changes,%as%it%has%been%revised% by%david%mcdonald,%the%malagasy%academy%of%language,%and%from%andriamiseza%ingarao%from% the% Department% of% Endangered% Languages% at% UNESCO,% correcting%spelling%mistakes%in%english% and%malagasy,%and%revising%the%structure%of%the%dictionary%to%a%more%usermfriendly%design.%% The%dictionary%is%collaborative%undertaking%that%represents%the%voice%of%hundreds%of%people,%in% their%majority%mahafaly,%but%also%from%many%parts%of%the%world.%whose%foremost%concern%was%to% share%and%protect%a%language%at%the%verge%of%extinction.%it%is%my%hope%that%this%dictionary%can% serve% vazaha% [foreigners]%and%malagasies% to% bridge% worldviews,% build% consensus,% and% further% cultural%and%biological%conservation%in%madagascar.% Thanks% go% to% all% the% people% that% made% the% dictionary% possible,% to%my%fellow% WWF% team% members,% and% to% all% my% Mahafaly% friends% including% Baina,% Rivo,% Haja% and%heri%without%which% advise%and%example%i%would%not%have%been%inspired%to%undertake%this%adventure.%your%courage% and%happiness%in%the%face%of%adversity%showed%me%there%is%no%limits%but%the%ones%you%pose%on% yourself.%i%am%also%grateful%to%my%family%for%their%longstanding%and%unconditional%support.% % % % % % % José%Carlos%Pons%Ballesteros% Mexico,%DF% 4%November,%2012% ii

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8 ENGLISH( MALAGASY(( MAHAFALY(DIALECT(( The$basics$ Ny$fototra$ Ty$fototse$ Numbers( Marika,(isa,(nomerao( Marike,(isa,(nomerao( One Iray Raike Two Roa$ Roe( Three Telo Telo Four Efatra$ Efatse$ Five Dimy Dime Six Enina Ene Seven Fito Fito Eight Valo Valo Nine Sivy Sive Ten Folo Folo Eleven Iraikaambi'nyfolo Iraikeambefolo Twelve Roaambin'nyfolo Foloroamby Thirteen Teloambin'nyfolo Foloteloamby Sixteen Enin'ambin'nyfolo Foloenegnamby Thirty Telopolo Telompolo Sixty Enimpolo Enempolo Hundred Roanjato Roampolo Thousand Arivo Roanjato NineteenfiftyGthree(1953) TeloambydimamGpolosy TeloambydimanGpolosi sivinjatosyarivo(1953) sivanjatosyarivo(1953) Colour( Loko( Loko( Black Mainty Mainte White Fotsy Foty Green Maintso Maintso Grey VolomGbatolalaka VolomGbatolalake Blue Manga Manja Scarlet Menamangatrakatraka Menamangatsakatsake Orange Voasary Voarsare Yellow Mavo Vony Red Mena Mena Purple Volomparasy Volomparasy Pronouns( I Izaho Iraho 3

9 You Ianao Iriha She,he Izy Ire They Izyireo Iareo We Isika Zahay,itika You Ianareo Inareo Me Ahy Ahike Your Anao Anao Him,her Azy Aze Us Anay,antsika Anay,antsika Your(plural) Anareo Anareo Them Azy Aze People( Olona( Ndaty( Madam Madama,ramatoa Roakemba Mister Rangahy,andriamatoa Nahoda Man Lehilahy Lehilahy Woman Vehivavy Ampela Child Zaza Ajaja Youngwoman Tovovavy Somondrara Boy Zazalahy Ajalahy Girl Zazavavy Samonjara Lady Vehivavy Ampela Family( Fianakaviana( Longo( Uncle Dadatoa Dadetoa Aunt Nenitoa Nenetoa Brother Rahalahy Rahalahy Sister Anabavy,rahavavy Anabavy,rahavavy Son Zanakalahy,zanako Zanadahy,anako Daughter Zanakovavy Anakampelako Nephew ZanaGdraitampo AnaGdraitampo Niece Zazavavyzanadraitampo Ampelaamiharofoetse Wife Vadiko Valiko Husband Vady Valy GodGchild Zanakaamin'nyBatisa AnakeamyBatisa Grandfather Raibe Dadabe Grandmother Renibe Nenibe Grandchild Zafikely Afy 4

10 Brotherinlaw Zaodahy Valilahy Fiancé FofomGbady Valy Everyday$phrases$ Fiteny$mahazatra$ Firehafa$mahazatse$ Greetings,(Compliments( Fiarahabana( Fampitalilia( Howdoyoudo? Manaoahoanaianareo? Manaoakorenareo? Goodmorning Salama Akore Goodafternoon Salama Akore Goodevening Salama Akore Howdoyoudo,Sir? Manaoahoanaianao Manaoakorenareozayrie? tompoko? Howareyou? Manaoahoana Manaoakore Comein Mandrosoa Milira Where? Aiza? Aia? Yes Eny Eka No Tsia Aha What'sthematter? Inonaizao? Inognezaò? Nothing Tsymisyinonaakory Tsymisyinoakore Thankyou Misaotra Misaotse ExcuseGme,or,please Azafady Ajafade Who'sthere? Izaizao? Iazao? Good Tsara Soa Well TsaraGlafatra Soa Greetings,congratulations Miarahabaanaoaho Mampitalilyanaoraho Howdoyoudo?Howare Manaoahoanaianao? Manaoakoreriha? you? Iamwell,thankyou Tsarafamisaotra Besoaavao Howisyourhealth? Manaoahoanany Manaoakorety fahasalamanao fahasalamanao? Verywell,thankyou Tsaradiatsarafamisaotra Soasoaavaofamisaotse I'mpleasedtoknowthat Mahafalyahyizany Teakozay Nottoowell Tsydiatsaraloatra Tsysoaloatse That'sapity Mampalaheloizany Mahaferenayzao Howisyourfamily? Manaoahoanany Manaoakoretylongonao? fianakavianao? Howareyouall? Manaoahoanadaholo ianareo? Akoreiabynareo?,Talilioiaby nareo? We'reallwell Tsaradaholoizahay Mbesoaabyzahay Thanks Misaotra Misaotse Goodbye Veloma Egnetyaminareo 5

11 Seeyoulater MandraGpihaona Mbehifankahitake Goodnight Tafandriamandry Mahazoarorosoa,soavatory Goodnight,I'llseeyou Tafandriamandry, Mahazoarorosombe tomorrow rahampitso hifankahitaketehamaray Untilthenexttime Aorianaindray Afarakea Iwishyouallthebest Mirarysoaanao Soàvasoa Givehim(her)mybest Mirarysoaazyaho Manaovelomaazeraho wishes Givehim(her)mygreetings Mampamangyazyaho Mampamangyazeraho Givemygreetingstoyour Mampamangynyvadinao Mampamangyivalinao husband(wife) MycomplimentstoMadam Mampamangyan'iMadama MampamangyIMadame Remembermeto Ampahatsiahivoamin'iaho Ampahatiarovoazeraho Daily$needs$ Zavatra$ilaina$isan andro$,$ Raha$ilae$saniandro$ andavanandro$ Eating(and(drinking(( Misotro(sy(Mihinana( Mino(naho(mihina( Breakfast( Sakafomaraina( Hanemaray( Lunch( Sakafoatoandro( Hanymidy( Dinner( Sakafohariva( Hanehariva( Meal( Sakafo( Mahatanjake( Desert Efitra Efetse Spoon Sotro Sotro Knife Antsy Antsy Fork Forosety Forosety Plate Lovia,vilia Finga Bowl Milalaokanetybe Mihisaboule Cup Tasy Bole I'mhungry Noanaaho Kereraho Iamveryhungry Tenanoanaaho Kereloatseraho Ineedsomethingtoeat Milamisakafoaho Milamihinaraho IamstarvingorIamdyingof Matynyhanoanana Matetykereraho hunger Areyouhungry? Noanaveianao? Kerevariha? Wouldyouliketoeat? TeGhisakafoveianao TaGhihinavariha? Whatwillyoueat? Inonanotianaohohanina Inotyteanaohohane Haveyoueaten? NihinanGjavatraveianao Mihinarahavariha Givemesomethingtoeat, Omeozavatraazohahanina Omeorahaazohaneraho please aho Whatwouldyouliketoeat? Inonanotianaohohanina? Inotyteanaohohane? 6

12 I'lleatanything.I'lleatwhat Izaymisyhahanibo Zemisyhohaneko thereis Haven'tyoueatenyet? Mbolatsymisakafoveianao? Mbotsynihinavariha I'vereallyeatenalot TenanihinamGbeaho Nihinagnemaroraho Ihavehadsufficient Vokyaho Vokyraho Areyouthirsty? Mangetehetaveianao? Marandranovariha Iamthirsty? Mangetahetaaho Marandranoraho Iamdyingofthirst Matin'nyhetahetaaho MatetyaranGdranoraho Givemesomethingtodrink Omeozavatrahosotroiko Meoraharaharahohinomeko please Wouldyoulikesomethingto Milazavatrahosotroinave Milarahahinomevariha? drink? ianao? Please,givemesomewater Omeoranoaho Omeoranoraho Bringabottleofwater Itondrayranoinay Agnandesoranotavoangy please tavoahangy raike Iamnotthirstyanylonger Afakahetahetaaho AfakearanGdranoraho Health( Fahasalamana( Fahasalamà( Iamweary Vizanaaho Vosakeraho Ineedrest MilafialanGtsasatraaho Milamialaharerakeraho Iamsleepy Matoritoryaho Mirororororaho Iwantsleep TeGhatoryaho TaGhirororaho Wouldyouliketosleep TeGhatoryianao? TaGhirororiha? Ididn'tsleep Tsymahitatoryaho TsyniazonGdrororaho Iamhot Mafanaaho Mafanaraho Theheatissuffocatingme Sepotrynyhafananaaho Sempotsetyhafànaraho Iamperspiring Tsembokaaho Lignereraho Iamoutofbreath Sempotraaho Sempotseraho Theheatdoesnotsuitme Madisadisanyhafananaaho Malailaytyhafàanaraho It'swarmtoday Mafananyandro Mafanaiandrò It'scoldtoday Mangatsiakanyandro Manintsytyandro Myfeetarecold Mangatsiakanytongotro Manintsytytomboko Myhandsarefrozen Ngolin'nyhatsiakanytanako Voletytsintsytytagnako Theraingotmewet Lenan'nyoranaaho Leioraayraho Iwanttogotothetoilet Tehoanyamin nytrano Tahiamontoraho fidiovanaaho ExcuseGme,whereisthe Aizanytranofidiovana Aiatyfiamontognaajafady toilet? azafady I'dliketowash Tehisasaaho Tahisasaraho WherecanIwashmyhands? Aizanoanasanatanana? Aiatyanasàtagna? 7

13 I'dliketotakeabath Tehandroaho TaGhiandroraho Thanks(G(Requests( Fisaorana(G(Fangatahana( Fisaora(G(Fangataha( Thankyou Misaotraanao Misaotseanao Thankyouverymuch Misaotraanaoindrindra Misaotseanaobevata Godblessyou Hotahin'Andriamahitra Hotahien'Agnahareriha ianao It sapleasure Mahafalyahytokoa Tenamampinitraahike Withpleasure AminGkafaliana AnGkafalea Iamverygratefultoyou Tenamankasitrakaanaoaho Mankatoanaoraho HowcanIrepayyouforyour Ataokoahoananyhamaly Hatakoakoretyhamalesoaty kindness? soanynataonao natanao Iampleasedtomeetyou Falymahalalaanao Falemafantatseanao Youmakemesohappy Mamenohafalianaahyianao Magnomehafaleaahyriha Besokindasto Miangavyanaoaho Miangavyanaoraho Ifyouwish... Rahasitrakao Lahateanao Allowmeto Mamelàahy Mamelàahike Willyouallowmeto... Avelanaoveaho Angànaovaraho? Iwouldliketoaskyou Tehiangavyanaoaho TaGhiàngavyanaoraho Acceptance(G(Refusal( Fanekena(G(Fandavana( Fanenkea(G(Fandava( Yes Eny Eka Yes,really Enymarina Ekavatane Alright(O.K.) Ekena Inae Isitpossibleto...? Azoataove? Azoataova? Yes(willingly) Sitrakotokoa Snitrapokovatagne Withallmyheart Amin'nyfotokoa AmGpovatagne Reallygood Tenatsara Tegnanesoa Reallywell Tenatsaratokoa Tegnanesoa Verypleasant Tenamahafinaritra Tegnanesoasoa Withpleasure Mahafalytokoa Mahafalevatagne Ifyouwish Rahatianao( Lahateanao NoNotatall Tsia Aha Ihavenotany... Tsymisy Tsymisy Don'tmentionitYouare Tsymisyfisaorana Tsymisyfisaora welcome It'snotpossible Tsyazoatao Tsyazoatao Ican't Tsyazokoatao Tsysakikoatao Iamnotableto Tsyafakaaho Tsymahefaraho 8

14 Notatall Tsymisytokoa Tsymisyvatagne Idonotagree Tsyekeko Tsymangnenkeizayraho Time( The$time$ Ny$fotoana$ Ty$fotoa$ Thehourandperiodsoftime NyorasyfeGpotoana LeranohotyfaramGpotoa ItisonehoursinceIarrived Orairayizayno Leraraikezaytyniaviako nahatongavako ItistwodayssinceIarrived Roaandroizayno Roeandrozaytyniavako nahatongavako Twoseconds Roasegondra Roesegondra Oneminute Irayminitra Raibeminitra Fivehours Oradimy,Adinydimy Dimelera Whattimeisit? Amin'nyfiryizao? Amyfiryzao? Atwhattime? Amin'nyfiry? Amyfire? It'sthreeo'clock Amin'nytelooraizao Amytelozao It'shalfpastthree Amin'nyteloorasysasany Amytelosasany izao It'saquarterto/ofsix Amin'nyeninaoralatsaka Amyenelatsake fahefany It'saquarterpastsix Amin'nyeninaorasy Amyenesyfahaefane fahefany It'stenpastseven Amin'nyfitoorasyfolo Amyfitosyfolo It'sfivetoeight Amin'nyvalooralatsaka Amyvalooralatsakedime dimy It'seightp.m. Amin'nyvalooraalina Amyvalohalelatsake latsaka The(date( Ny(daty(( Date( Thesevendaysoftheweek Nyandrofitoamin'ny Tyandrofitoagnatety herinandro heregnandro Day Nyandro Andro Week Nyherinandro Tyheregnandro Monday Alatsinainy Tinainy Tuesday Talata Talata Wednesday Alarobia Larobia Thursday Alakamisy Kamisy Friday Zoma Joma Saturday Asabotsy Sabotsy Sunday Alahady Lahady 9

15 Whatdayisit? Androinonaisika? Androinotika? Today Androany Androany Yesterday Omaly Male Tomorrow Rahampitso Hamaray Thedayaftertomorrow Afakarampitso Afakamaray Thedaybeforeyesterday Afak'omaly Fakomale LastMonday Alatsinainyteo Latsinainylasa NextThursday Alakamisyhoavy Kamisyhoavy The(months( Ny(volana( Ty(volagne( January Janoary Zanvie February Febroary Fevrie March Marsa Marsa April Avrily Avrily May Mey Me June Jona Jona July Jolay Jolay August Aogositra Aogositse September Septambra Septambra October Oktobra Oktobra November Novambra Novambra December Desambra Desambra Daytime( Ny(andro( Ty(lera( Morning Nymaraina Tymaray Midday Mitataovovonana Atoandro Afternoon(mealtime) Avymisakafo Bakanihina Afternoon Tolakandro Folak'andro Lateafternoon/dusk/twilight Takariva Takariva Evening Hariva,fiarentanGtory Hariva,mioryGtory Midday Atoandro Atoandro Night Nyalina Tyhalebe Thisevening Rahariva Lafahariva Yesterdayevening Omalyhariva Omalehariva The$weather$ Ny$toetr'andro$ Toets'andro$ Whatabeautifulday Tsaranyandroizany Soaandrozao Thesunisshining Mipoakanymasoandro Mipoakeimasoandro 10

16 It's(too)warm Mafana(loatra)izyizany Mae(maré)zao Themisthascleared Lasanyzavona Nimiaimikay Therearenoclouds Tsymisyrahona Tsymisyraho It'saquartertosix Aminn'nyeninaoralatsaka Amyenelatsakazao fahefany Whatawfulweather Haratsian'androizany Ratyiandroy Wewerecoldduringthe Nangatsiakaizahayalina Nanintsyzahayteniankale night It'sacoldday Mangatsiakanyandro Manintsyiandrò It'sprobablygoingtorain Angambahoavynyorana Metehoavyiorazao There'sgoingtobeastorm HoavynyranoramGbaratra Hangotrolenohohoavy It'sverycold Mangatsiakaizyizany Manintsyzao Myfeetarecold Mangatsiakanytongotro Manintsytytomboko Itrainseveryday Avynyoranaisan'andro Avyisan'androioray Doyouhaveboots? Mananabaotyveianao Manabotyvariha? Idon thavearaincoat Tsymananalambatsylena Tsymanalambatsyleraho aho Ineedanumbrella Milaeloaho Mipayeloraho Please,lendmeanumbrella Ampindramoeloaho Ampindramoeloraho Travelling$ AmBpivahiniana$ AmBpivahinia$ In(the(train( Anaty(fiaranGdalamby( Agnate(masiny( Whenshallwearriveatthe Rahovianaisikanohotonga Mbiatikahoavyangaraagne? station? anyamin'nygara? Whereistheinspector? Aizanympisava? Aiaimpisavay? I'velostmyticket? Verynytapakilako RobakeibilletGkoy? Isthisanyone'sseat? Tsymisyolonaveitytoerana Tsymisyndatyvatysezatoy? ity? Ihavereservedmyseat Namandrikanytoerakoaho NitamGpilasyraho Whereisthebar?(buffetG bar) MayIputmyluggageinthe luggagerack? AizanywagonGbar? Azokoapetrakaaoamin'ny fitoeran'entanaveny entako? Aizanyfakànaentana? AiaiwagonGbar? Zokoapetrakoamin'nyfasia entaaovaientakotoy? Wherecanonecollectthe Aiatyfangalàenta? luggage? Whereisthewaitingroom? Aizanyfiandrasana? Aiatyfandignesa? Whereistheexit? Aizanymivoaka? Aiatyfiboaha? I'mgoingtoTamatave HoanyToamasinaaho HoaTamasinaagneraho By(aeroplane( Eny(amin'ny(fiaramanidina( Agnate(rapolany( 11

17 Atwhattimedoestheplane go? Atwhattimedoestheplane arrive? Iwouldlike/needa newspaper Isthereabusthatgoesto theairport? Amin'nyfirynomandehany fiaramanidina? Amin'nyfirynotongany fiaramanidina? Milagazetyaho Misyaotobisymankany amin'nyseranamg piaramanidina? Ahoananyhandehanaho anyangtanàna? Amyfiremandehairapolany io? Amyfireavyirapolany? Milagazeteraho Howdoyougettothe town? Howmuch? Ohatrinona? Hotrino? Misybisymandehaagne angaragne? HataoakoretyhandehanaanG tanàgna? Takemetothehotel... Entoanyamin'nyHotelyaho AndesoamyHotelagneraho Takemyluggagefromthe Raisoanyamin'nyfiarany AtaovoamGpotobilyagnei car entako entako By(car( Mandeha(aotomobilina(( Mandeha(tobile( WhereistheroadtoTana? Aizanylàlanamankany Tana? MbaiatylalamandehaanG Tanananarivoagne? Howcanonefindtheroad? Ahoananohahitanany làlana? Hataoakoretyhahitakai lalay? Isitfar? Lavitrave? Lavitseva? Wherecanoneget Aizanoahazoanamisakafo? Aiatymbahihinana? somethingtoeat? I'velostmyway Verylalànaaho Robakeraho Whereistheroadto...? Aizanylàlana...? Aiailalagney...? Whereisthetaxistand? Aizanyfijanonan'ny Aiatyfijanognaitakisy? fiarakaretsaka? Thefillingstation NyfivarotanGdasantsy Fivarotalasansy ThepetrolGpump NypaompinGdasantsy PompinGdasansy Fillherup,please Fenoylasantsyazafady Fenoesansyazafady Canyoucleanthe Azonaodiovinaveny Azoaoliovevaifitaratse windscreen,please? fitaratra Havealookattheoil,please Mbajereokelynymenaka Mbahenteohondeimenakey Pleaselookatthetyres Mbajereokelynykodiarana Mbahenteotseipine Pumpupthetyres,please Mbafenoyrivotrany Fenotiokeitobiley kodiarana Thewater Nyrano Rano Lookatthebattery,please Mbajereokelynybatterie Mbahenteoibatery Iwantanoilchangeand Milavidangesygraissage Mipayvidagenahogireseraho lubrication,please aho Haveyouanybulbs? Mananaampoulevaianao? Manaampolyvariha? Ineedanewtyre Milakodiaranavaovaoaho Mipaypinevaovaoraho 12

18 Ineedaninnertube Milachambreàairaho Mipaysaboreraraho Repairs( Fanamboarana( Fagnamboara( I'vejusthadabreakGdown Vaovoan'nypanneaho Ampaneraho I'verunoutofpetrol Lanylasantsyaho Lanyasansyraho Canyougivemesomepetrol inasmallcanplease? Azonaoomenalasantsy amin'nydabakelyveaho? Azoaoomeaasantsyamydaba varaho? Canyoutellmewherethere Azonaoatorogarazyveaho? Azoaoatologarazyvaraho? isagarage? Ihaveaflattyre Vakypneuaho Vakylaroraho Ineedaguide Milampitarikaaho Mipaympitarikeraho Ineedanewsparkplug Milabougievaovaoaho Mipaylabozyvaovaoraho Thebrakesneedadjusting Milafaramboarananyfreins Milaamboareifreinsey I'vehadanaccident Voan'nyaksidaaho Voatyaksidaraho Somepeopleareinjured Misymaratra Misymaratse Onepersonisdead Misymatyiray Misyndatyraikemate Mycarisintheditch LatsakaanGkadynyfiarako Niavaliketoilekoy Traffic( Fifamavazana( Mindrehonta( Toaccelerate(goquickly) Mandehahaingana Mandehamalaky Todecelerate(goslowly) Mandehamora Mandehamoramora Todrive Mitondra Manday Tobrake Mijanona Mijano TobackGup Mandehamihemotra Mindehamiagnafara Tosignal Manondro Manondro Tostop Mijanona Mijano Noentry Tsyazoaleha TsyazoanGdehana Oneway LàlanGtokana LàlanGtoka Noovertaking Tsyazoihoarana Tsyazoiala Nowaiting Tsyazohijanonana Tsyazoijanogna TrafficrushGhour Orabefifamoivoizana Lerabeymivalintoa Right Havanana Havana Toturnright Mihodinahavanana MiodikeanGkavana Left Havia Havia Toturnleft Mihodinahavia MiodikeanGkavia Turnaround Mohodina Miodike Diversion FivilianGdàlana Fiodaha 13

19 At$the$customs$ $At$the$ bank$ Eo$amin'ny$ladoany$B$Eo$ amin'ny$banky$ Amy$ladoany$egne$B$Amy$ banky$eo$ Money,(weights(and( Ny(vola,(ny(lanja(sy(refy( Drala,(ty(lanjae,(refene( measures( Atthecustoms Eoamin'nydoany Amyidoanyegne Idonothaveanythingto TsymananGjavatraazo TsymananGdrahahovolagne declare ambaraaho raho Hereareallmycases Iretodaholonyentako Itoaiabytyentako Iamstayingforhalfamonth TsymijanonaafaGtsytapaG TsymijanoafatsytapaGbola bolanaaho raho Amonth Irayvolana Volaraike Ihaveboughtafewgifts Nividyfanomezanavitsivitsy Nivilyfagnomezatsiampiampy aho raho Thesearegifts Fanomezanaireo Fagnomezareo Ionlyhavepersonaleffects TsymananaafaGtsyzavatra TsymanarahaafaGtsymikasike mombanytenakoaho tyvatakoraho MayIgo? Mahazomandehaveaho? Mahazomandehavaraho? In(the(bank( Any(amin'ny(banky( Amy(banke(agne( Currencyexchange FanakalozamGbola FanakalozanGdrala Iwishtochangemy traveller'scheques Tiakoatakaloiretochèques devoyageireto Tahatakalokotychèquesde voyagekoretoa Iwishtochangesome Tehanakalovolaaho Tahanakalodralaraho money DoIhavetofillintheform? Misytaratasyhofenoikove? Misytaratasyhofenoekova? WheredoIhavetosign? Aizanohosoniaviko? Aiatyhosoniaveko? WhichaddressshouldIgive? Adiresyaizanoatao? Adireseaiatyatao? Usualaddress Adiresymahazatra Adiresemahazatse Temporaryaddress Adiresyfandalovana Adiresefandalova Whereisthecashdesk? AizanyfandoavamGbola? AiatyfandoavanGdrala Ineedathousandariary MilabilletGnaroanjatoariary Mipaybilletroanjatoreyraho aho Ineedsomesmallchange Milavolamadinikaaho Mipaydralamalinikeraho Givemesomesmallchange Ataovyvolamadinika Ataovolamone Pleasechangethisnote Mbaatakalozykelyityvola Mbaataovolamonétydrala taratasyity lelanetoy Money( Ny(vola( Ty(Drala( 1franccoin Iraimbilanja Dralaraike 2franccoins Ventysykirobo Dralaroe 50francnote Ariaryfolo Dralafolo 100francnote Roapoloariary Roampolo 14

20 500francnote Ariaryzato Dralazato 1000francs Roanjatoariary RoanGjato 5000francs Arivoariary Arivoraike Weights( Ny(lanja( Lanja( Gram Grama Girama Kilogram Kilao Kilô Ton(metric) Taonina Tôny Length( Ny(halavana( Halava( Centimetre Santimetatra Santimetatse Metre Metatra Metatse Kilometre Kilaometatra Kilometra Volume( Fatrany( Fatrae( Hectolitre 100litatra 100litatse Litre Litatra Litatse Area(( Habeny( Halene( Squaremetre Metatra Metatsetsymivadimandry ToraGdroa Centiare Santiara Santiara Area Ara Ara Hectare Hektara Hectara At(the(post(office( Any(amin'ny(paositra( Amy(posita(agne( Stamp Tambra Tembra Ordinaryletter Taratasytsotra Taratasytsotra Byairmail Mandehafiaramanidina Miondrarapolany Howmuch? Ohatrinona? Hotrino? Whendoestheairmailpost go? Rahoviananomandehany fandefasanataratasyamin'i fiaramanidina Ohatrinonanymandefa cartepostale Omeotambrairay30francs aho Mbiavohomandehai jandefasagnytaratasyamy rapolany? Hotrinotymandefaikarita Howmuchdoesitcostto sendapostcard? postale? Pleasegivemea30franc Meotembiraraike30francs stamp raho Iwanttosendatelegram TeGhandefatelegramaaho TaGhandefatelegiramraho Whereistheform? Aizanytaratasyfanaovana azy? Aiatytaratasyfanaovaaze? 15

21 Iwanttomakeaphonecall TeGhiantsotelefaoninaor TaGhikaiketelefonyraho angtaroby Hereisthenumber Itynynomeraony Toytynimeroe Iwanttosendthisparcel TeGhandefaitypakeityaho Tahandefatypaketoyraho It'sagift Pakefanomezanaity Pakefagnomezatoy At(the(hotel( Any(amin'ny(hotely( Amy(hotele(agne( Iwantasingleroom Milaefitrahoan'olotokana Mipayefètseraikeraho aho Adoubleroom Hoan'olonGdroa Hoahydantyroe Withabath Misyfandroana Misyfiandroa Isthereashower? Misyfandroanave? Misifiandroava? Tooexpensive Lafoloatra Sarotseloatse Isbreakfastprovided? Misysakafomarainave? Misyhanemarayva? Canyoushowmeanother Azonaoatorohotelyhafave Atorohotelehafaraho? hotel? aho? Willyoucarrymyluggage? Mbaentomiakatrany Andesoamboneagneentako? entako? Idon thaveatowel Tsymananaserivietaaho Tsymanasarovetaraho Soap Savony Savony Whereisthebell? Aizanyfiantsoana Aiatyfikaiha? Pleasewakemeupateleven Mbafohazykelyaho Fohazoraholafaamy11 o'clock amin'ny11ora Ihaveforgottenmy Nanadinoborosynifyaho Nihalignokoiborosynifekoy toothbrush I'llhavemymealsout Anyivelanyahonomisakafo Ambalikeagnerahovaho mihina Atwhattimeisbreakfast? Amin'nyfirynysakafo Amyfiretyfihinanamaray? maraina? WhereisthediningGroom Aizanyefitrafihinanana Aiatyfihinana Iwouldliketousethephone TehiantsoanGtarobyaho TaGhitelefonyraho In$the$restaurant$ Eny$amin'ny$restaurant$ Amy$restoran$ Iamlookingforagood MitadytoeramG Mipayfihinanasoaraho restaurant pisakafoananatsaraaho Malagasyrestaurant FisakafoananaMalagasy FihinanaMalagasy Nottooexpensive Tsydialafoloatra Tsysarotseloatse Doeshedrink? Misotroveizy? Minovareke? Doyoueat? Mihinanaveianao? Mihinavairihao? Idonotdrink Tsymisotroaho Tsyminoraho Idonoteat Tsymihinanaaho Tsymihinaraho,tsymikama raho 16

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