GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION"

Transcription

1 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION GIS Syllabus - Version 1.2 January 2007 Copyright AICA-CEPIS

2 Version 1 January 2007 GIS Certification Programme 1. Target The GIS certification is aimed at: Those who wish to demonstrate a robust knowledge of basic principles governing GI techniques and their basic use through a specific software. Those who wish to have evidence that GIS users have certified basic skills. In the Italian situation certification is aimed at: those who wish to have officially recognised national and international certification of their skills in GIS in general and basic skills in the use of a specific software system; schools and study programmes that want to provide an additional professional and technical skill and a recognised professional qualification which can help job-seekers. public bodies and agencies that require an objective certification of the basic knowledge and practical skills of their employees working, at different levels (with different qualifications) and on different tasks, with GIS and spatial data. Private companies working in a range of sectors from GIS to IT networks, etc., that intend to employ people based on an objective evaluation of their knowledge. Copyright AICA-CEPIS

3 2. Syllabus Module 1: Cartography The following is the syllabus for Module 1 of the GIS certification and provides the basis for the theory test in this module domain. Module goals Module 1 tests the candidate s knowledge of cartography starting with the basics of geodesy which are required in order to use data in a GIS. The candidate must be able to demonstrate knowledge of the most common reference systems, coordinate systems and cartographic projection systems. The candidate shall have a basic knowledge of map characteristics, map operations and on how real world objects can be represented. The candidate shall also be able to demonstrate knowledge of both digital and non-digital map typologies, in order to use them appropriately both outside and inside a GIS. P.S.: the items with (*) suggest that they can be localized for each country. CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM 1.1 General concepts 1.2 Classification of cartographic representations The shape of the Earth, physical and reference surfaces Reference systems and datums Coordinates on a curved and planar surface Classification by type of geometric distorsion Classification by scale Know the shapes by which the Earth is approximated and the relative key dimensions Know what is meant by topographic surface, geoid surface, ellipsoid surface and local spheroid Know what geodetic and vertical datums are Know the fundamental aspects of a geodetic reference system (rotational ellipsoid, survey reference point, deviation from the vertical) Know the fundamental aspects of a vertical reference system, understand orthometric height and ellipsoidal height Understand the meaning of latitude, longitude and height above sea level Understand the fundamental aspects and differences between the different coordinates on a curved surface (spherical, ellipsoidal, geoidal, astronomical and geocentric coordinates) Understand what equivalent (equal area), conformal and equidistant maps are Know what very large, large, medium, small and very small scale is Copyright AICA-CEPIS

4 CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM 1.3 International, European and National cartography Classification by projection type Classification by source Classification by content (*) Know, with reference to the scale what technical, topographic, chorographic (intermediate-scale) geographical and cadastral maps are Understand the differences between perspective and conic, cylindrical and azimuthal projections Know the main kinds of projection systems Know what surveyed and derived maps are Understand the concept of cartographic generalisation Understand the difference between base and thematic maps Know how to distinguish the information content between a base and a thematic map Classification by use Understand the difference between a map, a plan and a chart, and distinguish the respective uses of each International cartography European cartography National cartography (*) Understand the key aspects of the UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) system Understand the key aspects of the WGS84 system Understand the key aspects of ETRF89 (Terrestrial Reference Frame 1989) Understand the key aspects of the UTM ED50 reference system (ellipsoid and orientation) Know the national cartographic bodies Understand the key aspects of cadastral cartography (ellipsoid, orientation, Cassini- Soldner and Gauss-Boaga reference systems, ground control points) and map tiling Know the key aspects of the Roma40 Gauss- Boaga reference system (ellipsoid, orientation, Conformal Gauss cartographic parameters, ground control points) and map tiling Know the key aspects of the UTM ED50 Italian cartography (reference system: ellipsoid, orientation, cartographic coordinates and map tiling) Understand what is meant by the IGM95 network Copyright AICA-CEPIS

5 CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM Cartographic coordinate transformation and conversion Measurement and positional elements, elevation points, contour lines Know what is meant by Regional Technical Map (Carta Tecnica Regionale - CTR) Know the term Coordinate Conversion Know the term Coordinate Transformation Know how to measure lengths and areas at different scales Know how to represent height (elevation points and contours) 1.4 Data quality Basic aspects Understand the terms completeness, logical consistency, positional accuracy, temporal accuracy, thematic accuracy and lineage. 1.5 Digital Elevation Models 1.6 Global Positioning System (GPS) Metadata for cartographic data Digital Elevation Models Global Positioning System (GPS) Know what metadata is and what the main contents should be Know the main metadata standard for GI Know what a Digital Elevation Model is and how it can be generated Know the basic operating principles of the Global Positioning System (GPS) and its use in GIS. Copyright AICA-CEPIS

6 Module 2: GIS The following is the syllabus for Module 2 of the GIS certification and provides the basis for the theory and/or practical test in this module domain. Module goals Module 2 aims to test the candidate s knowledge of GIS components, data models for the appropriate representation of real world objects in a GIS, the concept of topology, and spatial analysis applied to both raster and vector data which describe both continuous fields and discrete real world entities. CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM 2.1 Introduction to GIS Basic concepts Understand the term and concept of GIS Devices and file types specific of GIS GIS data and data sources Understand the difference between GIS and Information Systems in general Know the principal GIS application areas Understand and distinguish between the components of a GIS Understand the principal functions of a GIS Know the specific input devices used with GIS and the relevant technical characteristics that differentiate them (where applicable depending on the device: resolution, precision, colour range connector, management and use) Recognise the most common GIS file types and whether they are vector or raster format Distinguish the different types of data used in a GIS Identify the main data sources that can be used in GIS, such as: remotely sensed data, cadastral, paper and digital maps, socioeconomic data Understand the concept of spatial data Identify the different types of attributes (such as nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) Know the main geographical data formats (such as coverage, geodatabase, shapefile, grid, dxf, dwg, geotiff, GML) Scale in GIS Understand the concept of scale in GIS Georeferencing Understand the concept of georeferencing Know how raster data can be georeferenced Copyright AICA-CEPIS

7 CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM 2.2 Data Models Modelling of the Real World Continuous and discrete modelling of the real world Know the function of a raster georeferencing file (World File) Know what a data model is Understand the process of creating a data model Understand the idea of conceptual, logical and physical models Understand the representation of the real world via a vector model Understand the representation of the real world via a raster model Topology Understand the concept of topology Understand the concepts of adjacency, connectivity and area (containment) Know how to differentiate between spaghetti (or CAD) vector data and topological vector data Understand the topological relationships of raster data ( essentially based on the concept of adjacency/nearness) 2.3 DBMS DBMS and GIS Know what a DBMS is Understand the logical structure of a DBMS within GIS Understand the principal operations to be carried out on data in a DBMS (selection, insertion, updating, deletion) 2.4 Data analysis Spatial Analysis Understand the main kinds of raster spatial analysis Attributes based analysis Understand the main kinds of single layer vector spatial analysis Understand the main kinds of multi-layer vector spatial analysis Know and differentiate the procedures for distance and area calculations in a vector and raster data modelling Understand how to choose objects based on their attributes Understand the use of relationships and links between tables Understand the key elements of statistics, such as, average, standard deviation, least squares, mean square deviation Copyright AICA-CEPIS

8 CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM 2.5 Thematic mapping Thematic representation Distinguish between the main classification methods (such as quantile, standard deviation, natural breaks) Define the term thematic map List the key elements of a thematic map Distinguish between different types of thematic maps (such as choropleth, isopleth, proportional symbols, dot density) Understand the terms quantitative and qualitative maps. Copyright AICA-CEPIS

9 Module 3: Use of a GIS software The following is the syllabus for Module 3 of the GIS certification and provides the basis for the practical test. Module aims Module 3 aims to check the candidate s knowledge in the use of specific GIS software which could be, in this phase, from ESRI and Intergraph. The themes and topics are independent of the actual software package and the specific software is used to test the skills of the candidate in GIS functionality common to all GIS software packages. CATEGORY SKILL SET REF. TASK ITEM 3.1 General concepts 3.2 GIS Data and attributes First steps with a GIS application Launch, close a GIS application Load vector and raster data in the GIS application Save a session Use the online help of the GIS application Modify the settings Display, hide the tool bars Use the zoom and pan tools Modify the data representation scale Modify the reference system Layer management Move between different layers Vector and raster data Attribute management Activate, disactivate a layer Change layer names Modify the visualisation properties of vector and raster data Open and close an attribute table Insert, remove a column from an attribute table Change an attribute value Define the values of a new attribute column via arithmetic operations on numerical values Define the values of a new attribute column via logical operations on attribute columns Use statistical functions on attributes Show statistical values on a graph Data operations Modify and create an object Create a new dataset from video digitizing on a raster base map Copyright AICA-CEPIS

10 CATEGORY SKILL SET REF. TASK ITEM 3.3 Data analysis Query and choose data 3.4 Thematic maps 3.5 Report preparation Calculate the area and the perimeter of a polygon Set the measurement units and find the distance between two objects Add attributes to a newly created data set Carry out a union between two tables Link two tables Identify, find and choose objects interactively Find objects via attributes Create a data subset Identify, find and choose objects via a query Create a new layer with objects chosen via a query Spatial data analysis Apply a buffer function Thematic data classification Thematic data Representaion Design of a thematic map Prepare data for printing Apply an overlay function Classify data using constant interval and standard deviation methods Classify data using the quantile method Classify data using the natural breaks method Represent the themes via dot density Represent the themes via graduated symbols Represent the themes via graduated colours Modify the colours, the texture, the layout and features of a thematic map Insert, modify and remove labels from a thematic map Set and modify the print layout properties (such as margins, page size) Create personalized symbols Modify layout components such as map, legend, scale, title, orientation Export the layout in different formats (such as jpeg, tiff, pdf) Copyright AICA-CEPIS

GIS FINAL EXAM. Meridians Lines of equal longitude. Begin at 0 degrees, starting in Greenwich, England. Goes 180 degrees West and East;

GIS FINAL EXAM. Meridians Lines of equal longitude. Begin at 0 degrees, starting in Greenwich, England. Goes 180 degrees West and East; GIS FINAL EXAM Projecting GIS data & map projections Plannimetric coordinates - systems that are expressed in measures of x and y values. Geographic coordinates - systems, on the other hand, are expressed

More information

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 05: Data Classification

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 05: Data Classification GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 05: Data Classification Types of Quantitative Thematic Maps (from last lecture) Demonstration: 48states > Layer Properties dialog box > Symbology tab - used to control

More information

DATA VISUALIZATION GABRIEL PARODI STUDY MATERIAL: PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AN INTRODUCTORY TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 7

DATA VISUALIZATION GABRIEL PARODI STUDY MATERIAL: PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AN INTRODUCTORY TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 7 DATA VISUALIZATION GABRIEL PARODI STUDY MATERIAL: PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AN INTRODUCTORY TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 7 Contents GIS and maps The visualization process Visualization and strategies

More information

An Introduction to GIS using ArcGIS Spring Lab Workshop 5 March S.P.Harish PhD Candidate Department of Politics New York University

An Introduction to GIS using ArcGIS Spring Lab Workshop 5 March S.P.Harish PhD Candidate Department of Politics New York University An Introduction to GIS using ArcGIS Spring Lab Workshop 5 March 2013 S.P.Harish PhD Candidate Department of Politics New York University Agenda What is GIS? Basic GIS Concepts Introduction to ArcGIS Coordinates

More information

Introduction to GIS (Basics, Data, Analysis) & Case Studies. 13 th May 2004. Content. What is GIS?

Introduction to GIS (Basics, Data, Analysis) & Case Studies. 13 th May 2004. Content. What is GIS? Introduction to GIS (Basics, Data, Analysis) & Case Studies 13 th May 2004 Content Introduction to GIS Data concepts Data input Analysis Applications selected examples What is GIS? Geographic Information

More information

Assessment Tasks Pass theory exams at > 70%. Meet, or exceed, outcome criteria for projects and assignments.

Assessment Tasks Pass theory exams at > 70%. Meet, or exceed, outcome criteria for projects and assignments. CENTRAL OREGON COMMUNITY COLLEGE: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM PROGRAM 1 CENTRAL OREGON COMMUNITY COLLEGE Associate Degree Geographic Information Systems Program Outcome Guide (POG) Program Outcome Guide

More information

Coordinate Systems and Map Projections

Coordinate Systems and Map Projections Coordinate Systems and Map Projections Introduction Every map user and maker should have a basic understanding of projections and coordinate systems no matter how much computers seem to have automated

More information

EPSG. Coordinate Reference System Definition - Recommended Practice. Guidance Note Number 5

EPSG. Coordinate Reference System Definition - Recommended Practice. Guidance Note Number 5 European Petroleum Survey Group EPSG Guidance Note Number 5 Coordinate Reference System Definition - Recommended Practice Revision history: Version Date Amendments 1.0 April 1997 First release. 1.1 June

More information

GIS 101 - Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Last Revision or Approval Date - 9/8/2011

GIS 101 - Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Last Revision or Approval Date - 9/8/2011 Page 1 of 10 GIS 101 - Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Last Revision or Approval Date - 9/8/2011 College of the Canyons SECTION A 1. Division: Mathematics and Science 2. Department: Earth,

More information

INTRODUCTION: BASIC GEOGRAPHIC CONCEPTS. Eric Jessup Associate Professor School of Economic Sciences

INTRODUCTION: BASIC GEOGRAPHIC CONCEPTS. Eric Jessup Associate Professor School of Economic Sciences INTRODUCTION: BASIC GEOGRAPHIC CONCEPTS Eric Jessup Associate Professor School of Economic Sciences September 13, 2010 Outline What is geographical / spatial analysis and why do we care? Different types

More information

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Urban Studies and Planning

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Urban Studies and Planning Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Urban Studies and Planning 11.520: A Workshop on Geographic Information Systems 11.188: Urban Planning and Social Science Laboratory Lecture 3: More

More information

Introduction to Geographic Information System course SESREMO Tempus Project. Gabriel Parodi

Introduction to Geographic Information System course SESREMO Tempus Project. Gabriel Parodi WRS - ITC. The Netherlands. Introduction to Geographic Information System course SESREMO Tempus Project. Gabriel Parodi Curricula transfer 2014 INTRODUCTION TO GIS COURSE- SESREMO TEMPUS Table of Contents

More information

Map Projection. Overview. Projection: An Introduction. LA561 Computer Applications in LA (GIS)

Map Projection. Overview. Projection: An Introduction. LA561 Computer Applications in LA (GIS) LA561 Computer Applications in LA (GIS) Map Projection Dr. Ragab Khalil Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty of Environmental Design King AbdulAziz University Room 103 Overview 1. Geographic coordinate

More information

From Topographic Maps to Digital Elevation Models. Anne Graham Daniel Sheehan MIT Libraries IAP 2013

From Topographic Maps to Digital Elevation Models. Anne Graham Daniel Sheehan MIT Libraries IAP 2013 From Topographic Maps to Digital Elevation Models Anne Graham Daniel Sheehan MIT Libraries IAP 2013 Which Way Does the Water Flow? A topographic map shows relief features or surface configuration of an

More information

Reading Questions. Lo and Yeung, 2007: 2 19. Schuurman, 2004: Chapter 1. 1. What distinguishes data from information? How are data represented?

Reading Questions. Lo and Yeung, 2007: 2 19. Schuurman, 2004: Chapter 1. 1. What distinguishes data from information? How are data represented? Reading Questions Week two Lo and Yeung, 2007: 2 19. Schuurman, 2004: Chapter 1. 1. What distinguishes data from information? How are data represented? 2. What sort of problems are GIS designed to solve?

More information

EX 2 GEOREFERENCING. Part I - A theoretical background about Coordinate Systems

EX 2 GEOREFERENCING. Part I - A theoretical background about Coordinate Systems EX 2 GEOREFERENCING Introduction A coordinate system (CS) provides a fundamental spatial framework to support the planning and development of a nation. All spatial data has a coordinate system to define

More information

Chapter Contents Page No

Chapter Contents Page No Chapter Contents Page No Preface Acknowledgement 1 Basics of Remote Sensing 1 1.1. Introduction 1 1.2. Definition of Remote Sensing 1 1.3. Principles of Remote Sensing 1 1.4. Various Stages in Remote Sensing

More information

APLS 2011. GIS Data: Classification, Potential Misuse, and Practical Limitations

APLS 2011. GIS Data: Classification, Potential Misuse, and Practical Limitations APLS 2011 GIS Data: Classification, Potential Misuse, and Practical Limitations GIS Data: Classification, Potential Misuse, and Practical Limitations Goals & Objectives Develop an easy to use geospatial

More information

Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale

Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale Lectures 4 Sept 14, 2006 Why we need it? Earth Shape Models Flat earth models are still used for plane surveying, over distances short

More information

Guidelines on Information Deliverables for Research Projects in Grand Canyon National Park

Guidelines on Information Deliverables for Research Projects in Grand Canyon National Park INTRODUCTION Science is playing an increasing role in guiding National Park Service (NPS) management activities. The NPS is charged with protecting and maintaining data and associated information that

More information

Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems

Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems Geodetic Control Network Horizontal Control Network Datum A datum is a set of parameters defining a coordinate system, and a set of control points whose

More information

Lecture 4. Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS

Lecture 4. Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS Lecture 4 Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS GIS in Water Resources Spring 2015 Geodesy, Map Projections and Coordinate Systems Geodesy - the shape of the earth and definition of earth datums Map

More information

SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS

SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS We will begin today with the first of two classes on aspects of cartography. Cartography is both an art and a science, but we will focus on the scientific aspects. Geographical

More information

Tutorial 3 - Map Symbology in ArcGIS

Tutorial 3 - Map Symbology in ArcGIS Tutorial 3 - Map Symbology in ArcGIS Introduction ArcGIS provides many ways to display and analyze map features. Although not specifically a map-making or cartographic program, ArcGIS does feature a wide

More information

Waterfront Access Plan Metadata

Waterfront Access Plan Metadata Products > BYTES of the BIG APPLE TM Waterfront Access Plan Metadata nywap Data Format: Shapefile File or table name: nywap Data Projection: NAD_1983_StatePlane_New_York_Long_Island_FIPS_3104_Feet Coordinate

More information

UTM, State Plane Coordinates & Map Scale. Transverse Mercator. UTM Zones. UTM Grid System. UTM Grid System. Coordinate Systems - UTM.

UTM, State Plane Coordinates & Map Scale. Transverse Mercator. UTM Zones. UTM Grid System. UTM Grid System. Coordinate Systems - UTM. UTM, State Plane Coordinates & Map Scale Coordinate Systems - UTM Convenience of a plane rectangular grid on a global level A section from a transverse Mercator projection is used to develop separate grids

More information

A GIS helps you answer questions and solve problems by looking at your data in a way that is quickly understood and easily shared.

A GIS helps you answer questions and solve problems by looking at your data in a way that is quickly understood and easily shared. A Geographic Information System (GIS) integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. GIS allows us to view,

More information

GIS Spatial Data Standards

GIS Spatial Data Standards GIS Spatial Data Standards Manatee County, FL GIS Section, Information Services Department TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Introduction 2 A. Purpose 2 B. Reference 2 II. Spatial Reference Information 2 A. Projection:

More information

Institute of Natural Resources Departament of General Geology and Land use planning Work with a MAPS

Institute of Natural Resources Departament of General Geology and Land use planning Work with a MAPS Institute of Natural Resources Departament of General Geology and Land use planning Work with a MAPS Lecturers: Berchuk V.Y. Gutareva N.Y. Contents: 1. Qgis; 2. General information; 3. Qgis desktop; 4.

More information

GIS for Disaster Management

GIS for Disaster Management GIS for Disaster Management Week 04 These slides are taken form Hongjie Xie; Earth shape models Flat earth models are still used for plane surveying, over distances short enough so that earth curvature

More information

Intro to GIS Winter 2011. Data Visualization Part I

Intro to GIS Winter 2011. Data Visualization Part I Intro to GIS Winter 2011 Data Visualization Part I Cartographer Code of Ethics Always have a straightforward agenda and have a defining purpose or goal for each map Always strive to know your audience

More information

What is GIS? Geographic Information Systems. Introduction to ArcGIS. GIS Maps Contain Layers. What Can You Do With GIS? Layers Can Contain Features

What is GIS? Geographic Information Systems. Introduction to ArcGIS. GIS Maps Contain Layers. What Can You Do With GIS? Layers Can Contain Features What is GIS? Geographic Information Systems Introduction to ArcGIS A database system in which the organizing principle is explicitly SPATIAL For CPSC 178 Visualization: Data, Pixels, and Ideas. What Can

More information

ArcGIS Data Models Practical Templates for Implementing GIS Projects

ArcGIS Data Models Practical Templates for Implementing GIS Projects ArcGIS Data Models Practical Templates for Implementing GIS Projects GIS Database Design According to C.J. Date (1995), database design deals with the logical representation of data in a database. The

More information

G492 GIS for Earth Sciences Map Projections and Coordinate Systems

G492 GIS for Earth Sciences Map Projections and Coordinate Systems G492 GIS for Earth Sciences Map Projections and Coordinate Systems I. Introduction A. Fundamental Concern with Map Work 1. Maps / GIS a. 2-D representation of Earth surface b. locations of map features

More information

User s Guide to ArcView 3.3 for Land Use Planners in Puttalam District

User s Guide to ArcView 3.3 for Land Use Planners in Puttalam District User s Guide to ArcView 3.3 for Land Use Planners in Puttalam District Dilhari Weragodatenna IUCN Sri Lanka, Country Office Table of Content Page No Introduction...... 1 1. Getting started..... 2 2. Geo-referencing...

More information

Syllabus AGET 782. GIS for Agricultural and Natural Resources Management

Syllabus AGET 782. GIS for Agricultural and Natural Resources Management Syllabus AGET 782 Course Title: GIS for Agricultural and Natural Resources Management Course Abbreviation: AGET 782 Course Credits: Instructor: Course Description: Required Text: 3 hours Timothy N. Burcham,

More information

gvsig: A GIS desktop solution for an open SDI.

gvsig: A GIS desktop solution for an open SDI. gvsig: A GIS desktop solution for an open SDI. ALVARO ANGUIX1, LAURA DÍAZ1, MARIO CARRERA2 1 IVER Tecnologías de la Información. Valencia, Spain. Tel. +34 96 316 34 00; Fax. +34 96 316 34 00 Email: alvaro.anguix@iver.es

More information

Digital Cadastral Maps in Land Information Systems

Digital Cadastral Maps in Land Information Systems LIBER QUARTERLY, ISSN 1435-5205 LIBER 1999. All rights reserved K.G. Saur, Munich. Printed in Germany Digital Cadastral Maps in Land Information Systems by PIOTR CICHOCINSKI ABSTRACT This paper presents

More information

f = difference/major axis = ~1/300 for earth

f = difference/major axis = ~1/300 for earth Map Projection and Coordinates The shape of the earth Models Sphere with radius of ~6378 km Ellipsoid (or Spheroid) with equatorial radius (semi-major axis) of ~6378 km and polar radius (semi-minor axis)

More information

SESSION 8: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND MAP PROJECTIONS

SESSION 8: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND MAP PROJECTIONS SESSION 8: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND MAP PROJECTIONS KEY CONCEPTS: In this session we will look at: Geographic information systems and Map projections. Content that needs to be covered for examination

More information

Outline. Map Production: Cartography. Topographic Maps. Types of Maps. Map Production and Symbolization

Outline. Map Production: Cartography. Topographic Maps. Types of Maps. Map Production and Symbolization Charles Minard s description of Napoleon s disastrous advance on Moscow Map Production and Symbolization Six variables visually communicated x, y, time, # of men, temperature, and direction Map Production:

More information

DATA QUALITY AND SCALE IN CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN SPATIAL DATA HARMONISATION

DATA QUALITY AND SCALE IN CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN SPATIAL DATA HARMONISATION DATA QUALITY AND SCALE IN CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN SPATIAL DATA HARMONISATION Katalin Tóth, Vanda Nunes de Lima European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy ABSTRACT The proposal for the INSPIRE

More information

An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa

An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa Centuries ago people believed that the earth was flat and notwithstanding that if this had been true it would have produced serious problems for mariners

More information

Metadata for Big River Watershed Geologic and Geomorphic Data

Metadata for Big River Watershed Geologic and Geomorphic Data Metadata for Big River Watershed Geologic and Geomorphic Data Metadata are descriptions and information regarding compiled data. This appendix contains the metadata that describes the compiled data used

More information

Introduction to GIS. Dr F. Escobar, Assoc Prof G. Hunter, Assoc Prof I. Bishop, Dr A. Zerger Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne

Introduction to GIS. Dr F. Escobar, Assoc Prof G. Hunter, Assoc Prof I. Bishop, Dr A. Zerger Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Introduction to GIS 1 Introduction to GIS http://www.sli.unimelb.edu.au/gisweb/ Dr F. Escobar, Assoc Prof G. Hunter, Assoc Prof I. Bishop, Dr A. Zerger Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne

More information

Decoding the Mystery of Coordinates

Decoding the Mystery of Coordinates Decoding the Mystery of Coordinates NHLSA TOWN MONUMENT LOCATION WORKSHOP UNH DURHAM, N.H. 8-11-2007 PART 1: THE DIFFERENT COORDINATE SYSTEMS Bob Moynihan UNH - TSAS Coordinate Systems 1 Decoding the Mystery

More information

G302 Review of Maps / Topographic Maps

G302 Review of Maps / Topographic Maps G302 Review of Maps / Topographic Maps I. Introduction A. Map- a 2-d, scaled representation of the earth's surface, 1. Model of Earth's Surface 2. Basic functions: to represent horizontal distance, direction,

More information

GIS for Educators. Coordinate Reference System. Understanding of Coordinate Reference Systems.

GIS for Educators. Coordinate Reference System. Understanding of Coordinate Reference Systems. GIS for Educators Topic 7: Coordinate Reference Systems Objectives: Understanding of Coordinate Reference Systems. Keywords: Coordinate Reference System (CRS), Map Projection, On the Fly Projection, Latitude,

More information

INDIVIDUAL COURSE DETAILS

INDIVIDUAL COURSE DETAILS INDIVIDUAL COURSE DETAILS A. Name of Institution NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNICAL TEACHERS TRAINING AND RESEARCH TARAMANI CHENNAI 600 113 [An Autonomous Institute under Ministry of Human Resource Development,

More information

NJDEP GPS Data Collection Standards For GIS Data Development

NJDEP GPS Data Collection Standards For GIS Data Development NJDEP GPS Data Collection Standards For GIS Data Development Bureau of Geographic Information Systems Office of Information Resource Management June 8, 2011 1.0 Introduction... 3 2.0 GPS Receiver Hardware

More information

City of Tigard. GIS Data Standards

City of Tigard. GIS Data Standards City of Tigard GIS Data Standards City of Tigard 13125 SW Hall Blvd Tigard, Oregon 97223 503 639-4171 Page 1 of 5 1.0 Purpose The purpose of these standards is to provide guidance for geospatial data development

More information

Adaptation of High Resolution Ikonos Images to Googleearth for Zonguldak Test Field

Adaptation of High Resolution Ikonos Images to Googleearth for Zonguldak Test Field Adaptation of High Resolution Ikonos Images to Googleearth for Zonguldak Test Field Umut G. SEFERCIK, Murat ORUC and Mehmet ALKAN, Turkey Key words: Image Processing, Information Content, Image Understanding,

More information

Data classification methods in GIS The most common methods

Data classification methods in GIS The most common methods University of Thessaly, Department of Planning and Regional Development Master Franco Hellenique POpulation, DEveloppement, PROspective Volos, 2013 Data classification methods in GIS The most common methods

More information

GIS IN ECOLOGY: SPATIAL REFERENCING

GIS IN ECOLOGY: SPATIAL REFERENCING GIS IN ECOLOGY: SPATIAL REFERENCING Contents Introduction... 2 Coordinate Systems... 2 Map Projections... 3 Georeferencing... 5 Data Sources... 7 Tasks... 7 Undefined versus Unprojected Data... 7 Setting

More information

Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems.

Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems. Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems. A GIS without coordinates would simply be a database like Microsoft Excel

More information

BASICS OF MAP DESIGN A-B. Dr. Ori Gudes

BASICS OF MAP DESIGN A-B. Dr. Ori Gudes BASICS OF MAP DESIGN A-B Dr. Ori Gudes Outline of Presentation Maps and Cartography. Topographic vs. Thematic maps. Paper maps vs. Digital maps. Principles of Map Design. Practical Tips. Maps and Cartography

More information

Creating Figure Ground Maps in ArcMap 10.x: Basic procedures to download, open, manipulate and print spatial data

Creating Figure Ground Maps in ArcMap 10.x: Basic procedures to download, open, manipulate and print spatial data Creating Figure Ground Maps in ArcMap 10.x: Basic procedures to download, open, manipulate and print spatial data These procedures outline: A. Retrieving Property Data B. Uncompressing the Downloaded Files

More information

What are map projections?

What are map projections? Page 1 of 155 What are map projections? ArcGIS 10 Within ArcGIS, every dataset has a coordinate system, which is used to integrate it with other geographic data layers within a common coordinate framework

More information

Geographic Information Systems Training Module I through 4

Geographic Information Systems Training Module I through 4 Geographic Information Systems Training Module I through 4 ARC GIS 10.x Geographic Information Systems and GPS Training Guide Developed by Stephen P. Menard Jr, USAID/Malawi Program Officer - Original

More information

MAPPING EXERCISE Map Projections

MAPPING EXERCISE Map Projections MAPPING EXERCISE Map Projections All too often emphasis in map production is placed on becoming operational with GIS software while neglecting basic, yet important, map design principals. For many mapmakers,

More information

2016/07/25. GIS 211 Map Projections & Coordinate Systems Chang Chapter 2. Why is this important to YOU? Dr W Britz

2016/07/25. GIS 211 Map Projections & Coordinate Systems Chang Chapter 2. Why is this important to YOU? Dr W Britz GIS 211 Map Projections & Coordinate Systems Chang Chapter 2 Dr W Britz Every map user and maker should have a basic understanding of projections no matter how much computers seem to have automated the

More information

The Courses. Covering complete breadth of GIS technology from ESRI including ArcGIS, ArcGIS Server and ArcGIS Engine.

The Courses. Covering complete breadth of GIS technology from ESRI including ArcGIS, ArcGIS Server and ArcGIS Engine. ESRI India: Corporate profile ESRI India A profile India s Premier GIS Company Strategic alliance between ESRI Inc. and NIIT Technologies Adjudged as India s Best GIS Solutions Company - Map India 2001

More information

Lecture 2. Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University

Lecture 2. Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University Lecture 2 Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University Map Projections Map projections are mathematical formulas

More information

INTRODUCTION TO ARCGIS SOFTWARE

INTRODUCTION TO ARCGIS SOFTWARE INTRODUCTION TO ARCGIS SOFTWARE I. History of Software Development a. Developer ESRI - Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., in 1969 as a privately held consulting firm that specialized in landuse

More information

The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual

The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual 'What's the good of Mercator's North Poles and Equators, Tropics, Zones

More information

Create a folder on your network drive called DEM. This is where data for the first part of this lesson will be stored.

Create a folder on your network drive called DEM. This is where data for the first part of this lesson will be stored. In this lesson you will create a Digital Elevation Model (DEM). A DEM is a gridded array of elevations. In its raw form it is an ASCII, or text, file. First, you will interpolate elevations on a topographic

More information

Map Projections and Map Coordinate Systems

Map Projections and Map Coordinate Systems Map Projections and Map Coordinate Systems Jamie Wolfe CITE Marshall University Huntington, WV - 25755 304-696-6042 Jawolfe@marshall.edu IS 645 Introduction to GIS Lecture 03, May 23, 2000 Today s class

More information

11/25/2013 GPS DATA COLLECTION AND DELIVERY STANDARDS

11/25/2013 GPS DATA COLLECTION AND DELIVERY STANDARDS 11/25/2013 GPS DATA COLLECTION AND DELIVERY STANDARDS Preface The Port of Tacoma (Port) is developing an Enterprise Geographic Information System (GIS) for use by the Port for the storage and analysis

More information

Surveying & Positioning Guidance note 5

Surveying & Positioning Guidance note 5 Surveying & Positioning Guidance note 5 Coordinate reference system definition recommended practice Revision history Version Date Amendments 2.1 January 2009 In example c corrected value for inverse flattening

More information

** ETH Zurich, Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation - Zurich, Switzerland

** ETH Zurich, Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation - Zurich, Switzerland Designing a map using Open Data coming from different sources. Methodology, problems and solutions concerning the 1:100.000 map of Prefecture of Magnisia, Greece Chrysoula Boutoura*, Angeliki Tsorlini**,

More information

What's new in gvsig Desktop 2.0

What's new in gvsig Desktop 2.0 What's new in gvsig Desktop 2.0 What are the novelties? 2.0 1.12 Migrating and building... Some examples... Please pardon our appearance during construction Pie and bar chart legends Table in layout 1.12

More information

Data source, type, and file naming convention

Data source, type, and file naming convention Exercise 1: Basic visualization of LiDAR Digital Elevation Models using ArcGIS Introduction This exercise covers activities associated with basic visualization of LiDAR Digital Elevation Models using ArcGIS.

More information

Surveying and Mapping coastal zones and local level coastal zone management plans ( CZMP)

Surveying and Mapping coastal zones and local level coastal zone management plans ( CZMP) Surveying and Mapping coastal zones and local level coastal zone management plans ( CZMP) Dr.S.S.Ramakrishnan Professor INSTITUTE OF REMOTE SENSING, ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI. Steps involved Demarcation

More information

Chapter 6: Data Acquisition Methods, Procedures, and Issues

Chapter 6: Data Acquisition Methods, Procedures, and Issues Chapter 6: Data Acquisition Methods, Procedures, and Issues In this Exercise: Data Acquisition Downloading Geographic Data Accessing Data Via Web Map Service Using Data from a Text File or Spreadsheet

More information

The UCC-21 cognitive skills that are listed above will be met via the following objectives.

The UCC-21 cognitive skills that are listed above will be met via the following objectives. Master Syllabus Department of Geography GEOG 265: Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Course Description Fundamentals of geographic information systems (GIS). How to visualize geographic information

More information

A New Mapping Method for the Moon With the Chang E-1 Data

A New Mapping Method for the Moon With the Chang E-1 Data A New Mapping Method for the Moon With the Chang E-1 Data Lingli Mu, Chunlai Li, Jianjun Liu, Xin Ren, Xiaoduan Zou National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China.

More information

GIS Data Quality and Evaluation. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University

GIS Data Quality and Evaluation. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University GIS Data Quality and Evaluation Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University The quality of GIS data gains in importance when considering some of the main

More information

STATE OF NEVADA Department of Administration Division of Human Resource Management CLASS SPECIFICATION

STATE OF NEVADA Department of Administration Division of Human Resource Management CLASS SPECIFICATION STATE OF NEVADA Department of Administration Division of Human Resource Management CLASS SPECIFICATION TITLE PHOTOGRAMMETRIST/CARTOGRAPHER V 39 6.102 PHOTOGRAMMETRIST/CARTOGRAPHER II 33 6.110 PHOTOGRAMMETRIST/CARTOGRAPHER

More information

INTRODUCTION to ESRI ARCGIS For Visualization, CPSC 178

INTRODUCTION to ESRI ARCGIS For Visualization, CPSC 178 INTRODUCTION to ESRI ARCGIS For Visualization, CPSC 178 1) Navigate to the C:/temp folder 2) Make a directory using your initials. 3) Use your web browser to navigate to www.library.yale.edu/mapcoll/ and

More information

DATUM SHIFTS AND DIGITAL MAP COORDINATE DISPLAYS. The Real World, Maps, and Coordinate Systems

DATUM SHIFTS AND DIGITAL MAP COORDINATE DISPLAYS. The Real World, Maps, and Coordinate Systems DATUM SHIFTS AND DIGITAL MAP COORDINATE DISPLAYS Larry Moore U.S. Geological Survey lmoore@usgs.gov Revised March, 2001 Paper maps may be printed with reference points for several different grid systems.

More information

BOTSWANA S COUNTRY REPORT TO THE 27 TH INTERNATIONAL CARTOGRAPHIC CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN RIO DE JANEIRO BRAZIL FROM 23 RD TO 28 TH AUGUST 2015

BOTSWANA S COUNTRY REPORT TO THE 27 TH INTERNATIONAL CARTOGRAPHIC CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN RIO DE JANEIRO BRAZIL FROM 23 RD TO 28 TH AUGUST 2015 BOTSWANA S COUNTRY REPORT TO THE 27 TH INTERNATIONAL CARTOGRAPHIC CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN RIO DE JANEIRO BRAZIL FROM 23 RD TO 28 TH AUGUST 2015 SURVEYS AND MAPPING DEPARTMENT Gaborone, Botswana August,

More information

Cookbook 23 September 2013 GIS Analysis Part 1 - A GIS is NOT a Map!

Cookbook 23 September 2013 GIS Analysis Part 1 - A GIS is NOT a Map! Cookbook 23 September 2013 GIS Analysis Part 1 - A GIS is NOT a Map! Overview 1. A GIS is NOT a Map! 2. How does a GIS handle its data? Data Formats! GARP 0344 (Fall 2013) Page 1 Dr. Carsten Braun 1) A

More information

GIS s s Roots in Cartography

GIS s s Roots in Cartography Following up on the last lecture GIS s s Roots in Cartography Getting Started With GIS Chapter 2 Information ordering: Lists and indexes Organizing data and information Information can be organized as

More information

Creating a New Project and Map Layout

Creating a New Project and Map Layout Creating a New Project and Map Layout ArcGIS Pro allows you to assemble all the resources required to complete a project in one place. A project contains maps, layouts, tasks, and connections to servers,

More information

Tutorial GIS MAPPING. Can your current software do that?

Tutorial GIS MAPPING. Can your current software do that? CANVAS 11 GIS+ blends native support for Geographic Information System (GIS) data with the full range of illustration tools and features found within CANVAS 11 Professional Edition. This tutorial describes

More information

An Esri White Paper October 2010 Esri Production Mapping Product Library: Spatially Enabled Document Management System

An Esri White Paper October 2010 Esri Production Mapping Product Library: Spatially Enabled Document Management System An Esri White Paper October 2010 Esri Production Mapping Product Library: Spatially Enabled Document Management System Esri, 380 New York St., Redlands, CA 92373-8100 USA TEL 909-793-2853 FAX 909-793-5953

More information

Using CAD Data in ArcGIS

Using CAD Data in ArcGIS Esri International User Conference San Diego, California Technical Workshops July 27, 2012 Using CAD Data in ArcGIS Jeff Reinhart & Phil Sanchez Agenda Overview of ArcGIS CAD Support Using CAD Datasets

More information

WFP Liberia Country Office

WFP Liberia Country Office 1 Oscar Gobbato oscar.gobbato@wfp.org oscar.gobbato@libero.it WFP Liberia Country Office GIS training - Summary Objectives 1 To introduce to participants the basic concepts and techniques in using Geographic

More information

Mapping and Digital Data Standards. October 2013

Mapping and Digital Data Standards. October 2013 Mapping and Digital Data Standards October 2013 New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Geographic Information System Prepared by: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Office of

More information

GIS Databases With focused on ArcSDE

GIS Databases With focused on ArcSDE Linköpings universitet / IDA / Div. for human-centered systems GIS Databases With focused on ArcSDE Imad Abugessaisa g-imaab@ida.liu.se 20071004 1 GIS and SDBMS Geographical data is spatial data whose

More information

CAD-Earth User s Manual

CAD-Earth User s Manual CAD-Earth User s Manual Table of Contents Introduction... 2 CAD-Earth commands Import image from Google Earth... 4 Export CAD screenshot to Google Earth... 7 Import objects from Google Earth... 10 Export

More information

The Azimuthal Orthographic Projection in Action. Geography 12: Maps and Mapping. Lecture Outline. Topographic Maps.

The Azimuthal Orthographic Projection in Action. Geography 12: Maps and Mapping. Lecture Outline. Topographic Maps. The Azimuthal Orthographic Projection in Action Geography 12: Maps and Mapping Lecture 12: Cartography I Lecture Outline Kinds of maps So far: Mostly topographic Planimetric & Thematic Basic Elements of

More information

Coordinate Systems. Every coordinate system has an initial reference point or origin All mapped features are represented in some coordinate system

Coordinate Systems. Every coordinate system has an initial reference point or origin All mapped features are represented in some coordinate system Coordinate Systems Coordinate Systems A coordinate system is a 2- or 3-D reference frame used to specify locations on the earth. Many different coordinate systems exist, and each is defined by an origin,

More information

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 03: Introduction to Maps

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 03: Introduction to Maps GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 03: Introduction to Maps Introduction to Maps What is a map? - simple definition: a map is a scale model of the surface of the earth - like all scale models, a map

More information

Mean density map for the Italian region by GIS techniques

Mean density map for the Italian region by GIS techniques BOLLETTINO DI GEOFISICA TEORICA ED APPLICATA VOL. 40, N. 3-4, pp. 477-482; SEP.-DEC. 1999 Mean density map for the Italian region by GIS techniques V. BAIOCCHI (1),M.CRESPI (1) and F. RIGUZZI (2) (1) DITS

More information

MVLWB. Guideline for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Submission Standard

MVLWB. Guideline for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Submission Standard MVLWB Guideline for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Submission Standard DATE Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board Gwich in Land and Water Board Sahtu Land and Water Board Wek èezhìi Land and Water

More information

Vector Overlay Processing - Specific Theory

Vector Overlay Processing - Specific Theory Vector Overlay Processing - Specific Theory Cartographic Modelling and GIS. Cartographic modelling is a general, but well-defined methodology that is used to address diverse applications of GIS in a clear

More information

FieldGenius Technical Notes GPS Coordinate Systems

FieldGenius Technical Notes GPS Coordinate Systems FieldGenius Technical Notes GPS Coordinate Systems Definition of a Datum A datum is a reference coordinate system which is defined by an origin, orientation and is physically tied to the surface of the

More information

Oregon Geographic Information Council (OGIC) GIS Program Leaders Cartographic Elements Best Practices Version 1.0.7

Oregon Geographic Information Council (OGIC) GIS Program Leaders Cartographic Elements Best Practices Version 1.0.7 Oregon Geographic Information Council (OGIC) GIS Program Leaders Cartographic Elements Best Practices Version 1.0.7 Introduction The purpose of this document is to serve as a set of Oregon best practices

More information

Spatial data quality assessment in GIS

Spatial data quality assessment in GIS Recent Advances in Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering Spatial data quality assessment in GIS DANIELA CRISTIANA DOCAN Surveying and Cadastre Department Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest

More information