05/11/2014. Food Safety in PAHO. Enrique Perez Gutierrez, Department of Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis, PAHO/WHO

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "05/11/2014. Food Safety in PAHO. Enrique Perez Gutierrez, Department of Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis, PAHO/WHO"

Transcription

1 Food Safety in PAHO Enrique Perez Gutierrez, Department of Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis, PAHO/WHO 1 INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING,

2 Outline Conceptual Framework: WHO, PAHO Veterinary Public Health PAHO Regional Strategy for Food Safety and Prevention of Foodborne Diseases for the Americas ( ) PAHO BWP AMRO, INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING, 2014 Monitoring and assessing health trends WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the UN Leadership on global health matters Providing technical support to countries Shaping the health research agenda Articulating evidence-based policy options Setting norms and standards 2

3 PAHO/WHO role in food safety To support countries develop and strengthen risk based national food safety systems CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF THE LINKAGES BETWEEN HEALTH AND AGRICULTURE POLICY AND PROCESS GOVERNANCE AGRICULTURAL SUPPLY CHAIN Agricultural producers (farmers and workers) INTERMEDIARY PROCESSES/DETERMINANTS Labor process HEALTH OUTCOMES a Occupational health risks Water associated vector-borne diseases Agricultural systems (types, practices, technologies, location, ownership) Environmental change (water, air, soil) Under nutrition Chronic diseases Income generation Foodborned iseases Agricultural outputs (distribution, quantity, quality, diversity, price) Access to food, water, land, and health-related services Zoonotic diseases Livestock related illnesses a These health conditions are not mutually exclusive livestock-related illnesses, for example, are also occupation health risks. The list of health oucomes is not necessarily inclusive. Other health conditions are also likely to interact with agriculture, but these have not yet been identified as such in the published scientific literature. 3

4 All Hazards Food Safety Approach: Chemicals, Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Parasites, Radiation COMPONENTS IN THE REGIONAL FOOD SAFETY STRATEGY ( ) Advocate and support the development of sustainable, integrated, risk-based food safety systems Provide evidence-based scientific options for risk analysis, policy development and decision-making to protect health and manage food safety risks Risk communication and management, in cooperation with other sectors and partners 7 4

5 What type of support does PAHO/WHO provide to countries? Supporting public health authorities to actively engage in intersectoral collaboration, coordination and information exchange 5

6 ADVOCATE AND SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE, INTEGRATED, RISK-BASED FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS Development of policies, strategies and intersectoral action for the prevention and control food hazards at regional and national level. o COPAIA 10 Developing national risk analysis capacities to enable countries to prioritize food safety activities 6

7 Modernization of legislation and institutional frameworks based on risk. o PVS Support capacity for prevention, detection, evaluation and management of emergency incidents and food safety. o INFOSAN/RSI 12 Developing standardized systems to monitor detect and assess foodborne risks including; foodborne disease surveillance, antimicrobial resistance monitoring and, integrated surveillance 7

8 FBD Surveillance and Response: Our vision Carry out needs assessments and develop work plans Develop and Strengthen: o o o Standardized systems to monitor, detect and assess priority foodborne risks: Microbial (including AMR monitoring) Parasites Chemicals ( acute events) FBD outbreak response capacity Intersectoral collaboration along the food chain aimed at facilitating: Integrated surveillance The use of information from surveillance and outbreak response to inform prevention and control measures Multidisciplinary outbreak investigations Stepwise approach towards a functional and sustainable system for the surveillance and response to foodborne diseases Components Processes Stage one IBS EBS Notifiable disease surveillance Rapid Risk Assessment of acute public health events Response Strengthening indicator based surveillance Stage two Stage 1 Risk Profile Multisectoral collaboration Sharing data to better understand risks in the food chain IBS Laboratory surveillance Ad hoc studie s Ad hoc public health interventions along the food chain (reactive) Stage three Stage 2 Risk Analysis across the food chain by all stakeholders Integrated surveillanc e Sharing Data from other competent authorities with a stake in food safety (food safety and monitoring, agriculture, inspection services etc) Regular public health interventions along the food chain (proactive) Public health intervention specific to events 8

9 Laboratory as part of Integrated Surveillance Alerts to the Health System Specificity In diagnosis: etiological agent transmission routes reservoir source In outbreaks detection and investigation Control and prevention Laboratory Networks for control and prevention OBJECTIVES Standarize and improve diagnostic methods (pheno and genotype) Facilitate the generation of databases and their analysis Contribute to the epidemiological surveillance of diseases 9

10 International Networks WHO Global Foodborne Infections Network (WHO GFN) formerly WHO Global Salmonella Surveillance (WHO GSS) PulseNet International Molecular Subtyping Network for Foodborne Disease Surveillance What is WHO GFN? Initiated January 2000 A network of institutions and individuals working in veterinary, food and public health to enhance capacity of countries to detect, respond and prevent foodborne and other enteric infections 10

11 Elements of the network Electronic discussion group Salmonella International Database Regional Reference Center International Courses (Epi-Micro) Quality Assurance System (EQAS) Referential Diagnosis Pathogens covered: according to regional needs. In South America Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Vibrio, enterohemorragic E.coli Web Page Agregar nueva gfn 21 Title of the Presentation 11

12 WHO GFN Regional Reference Centers and Training Sites Costa Rica Trinidad Russia, St. Petersburg Russia, Moscow Kazakhstan Poland China Egypt Thailand Brazil Cameroon Madagascar Fiji Argentina Training Centers Regional Reference Centers May 2012, 1062 Members 184 Countries Salmonella spp. in Latin America 12

13 # AMRO INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING, 2014 # AMRO INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING,

14 # AMRO INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING, 2014 # AMRO INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING,

15 # AMRO INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING, 2014 # AMRO INFOSAN REGIONAL MEETING,

16 PATOGENOS REPORTADOS A CARPHA, ETA: AUMENTO DEL 32% Salmonella: Mas Comun: 22% incremento Del 43% al 65% de ETA 31 16

17 Network of National and Regional Laboratories dedicated to foodborne diseases surveillance through molecular subtyping methods PulseNet - Objectives To strengthen national and regional laboratory based surveillance of FBD To promote the use of standardized molecular techniques for the diagnosis and subtyping of foodborne pathogens To have QA/QC programs for reproducibility and comparable databases results. To establish national and regional databases 17

18 PulseNet: International Molecular Subtyping Network for Foodborne Disease Surveillance Pulse Field Gel Electrophoresis International Standard Strain S. Braenderup H9812 Profile of a large section of genome Different profiles can be obtained by using different restriction enzymes and/or electrophoresis conditions Epidemiologically relevant Versatile: applicable to a large number of bacterial enteropathogens (Salmonella, Shigella, E. coli, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Listeria, Campylobacter, Cronobacter formerly Enterobacter sakazakii-) International Standardized Protocols How does subtyping help in epidemiological investigations? Understanding clonality, spread and relationship of pathogens. Identification and monitoring of prevalent clones updated vaccines Detecting outbreaks through surveillance - Linking apparently sporadic cases: clusters - Epidemiological investigation Detecting the source and demonstrating that the pathogen came from that source (timely recall of contaminated food) Describing the transmission 18

19 Hacia donde vamos INTERPRETANDO EL ADN 36 Title of the Presentation PulseNet International A Family of Networks 19

20 México Cuba Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) Guatemala Nicaragua Costa Rica Venezuela Panama Colombia Ecuador Perú Bolivia Brazil (2) 16 countries of LA & 21 Caribbean countries 18 Reference Labs Chile Argentina Paraguay Uruguay Coordination - PAHO / WHO - INEI-ANLIS Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán Pathogen # isolates submitted # PFGE patterns (first enzyme) # submitting laboratories Salmonella (Bolivia, Brasil-2 labs-, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Argentina) STEC O157 Listeria monocytogenes Shigella sonnei (Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Paraguay) (Chile, Costa Rica, Argentina) 5 (Brasil, Costa Rica, Perú, Chile, Argentina) Vibrio cholerae (Perú, Argentina, Paraguay) Campylobacter C.jejuni: 210 C.jejuni: (Paraguay, Argentina) C.coli: 41 C.coli: 25 20

21 # outbreaks investigated by PFGE (# labs) countries comments Salmonella 498 (9) Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Argentina S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, S. Typhi, and other serovars like S. Weltevreden, S. Newport, S. Muenchen, S. Blegdam Shigella 57 (2) Brazil, Argentina S. sonnei (23), S. flexneri (34) STEC 43 (2) Brazil, Argentina Vibrio parahaemolyticus 12 (1) Brazil Vibrio cholerae 1 (1) Venezuela O1 Ogawa Haiti strain imported in Venezuela. PFGE S. Kentucky. Comparación del aislamiento de Costa Rica con los patrones más cercanos de PulseNet USA PFGE S. Kentucky. Comparación del aislamiento de Costa Rica con los patrones más cercanos de PulseNet USA El aislamiento con mayor similitud no posee un perfil de resistencia similar. El segundo aislamiento posee un perfil de resistenca simila al de CR. Resistencia a amoxicilina, cefoxitin, estreptomicina y ceftiofur. Sin embargo, el pulsotipo es diferente al detectado. 21

22 PulseNet: esquema actual 2008 Database (SQL SERVER) BNAdmin OPS-FOS SERVER Rio de Janeiro - Brasil I. Malbrán Buenos Aires -Argentina BNServer BNClient Organización Panamericana De la Salud How PAHO/WHO works Country Cooperation Strategy or request for cooperation. Needs Assessment Work plans Country level activities 22

23 PAHO/WHO cant do all this work alone PAHO/WHO needs partners to help 23

The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS)

The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Strategic Plan 2012-2016 Table of Contents Background... 2 Mission... 3 Overview of Accomplishments, 1996-2011... 4 Strategic Goals and Objectives...

More information

Food safety threats international coordination

Food safety threats international coordination Food safety threats international coordination Jørgen Schlundt Director, Department of Food Safety, Zoonoses and Foodborne Diseases, WHO Washington 25-26 October 2005 Department of Food Safety, Zoonoses

More information

EU Reference Laboratory for E. coli Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety Unit of Foodborne Zoonoses Istituto Superiore di Sanità

EU Reference Laboratory for E. coli Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety Unit of Foodborne Zoonoses Istituto Superiore di Sanità EU Reference Laboratory for E. coli Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety Unit of Foodborne Zoonoses Istituto Superiore di Sanità Inventory of the expertise on molecular typing of Verocytotoxin-producing

More information

The changing view of the priority of dengue disease as seen by WHO and its regional office

The changing view of the priority of dengue disease as seen by WHO and its regional office The changing view of the priority of dengue disease as seen by WHO and its regional office Organización Panamericana De la Salud Dr. José Luis San Martin Regional advisor of dengue program. OPS/OMS America

More information

National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System - Enteric Bacteria. A program to monitor antimicrobial resistance in humans and animals

National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System - Enteric Bacteria. A program to monitor antimicrobial resistance in humans and animals National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System - Enteric Bacteria A program to monitor antimicrobial resistance in humans and animals Antimicrobial resistance in foodborne pathogens is an important

More information

The Way Forward McGill & Food Safety

The Way Forward McGill & Food Safety The Way Forward McGill & Food Safety Lawrence Goodridge, PhD Ian and Jayne Munro Chair in Food Safety Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Introduction

More information

Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos 8.00 GDP growth 1999 2009 (percetual variation) 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00-2.00-4.00-6.00 1999 2000

More information

Performance, Vision and Strategy (PVS) for

Performance, Vision and Strategy (PVS) for Performance, Vision and Strategy (PVS) for Technical Capability Human and Financial Capital Interaction with the Private Sector Safeguarding Public Health and Market Access National Food Safety Services

More information

Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean

Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean Advances and challenges Branka Legetic, Anselm Hennis Pan American Health Organization- World Health

More information

Preventing through education

Preventing through education Ministerial Declaration Preventing through education The Ministerial Declaration Preventing through Education, was approved in Mexico City in the framework of the 1st Meeting of Ministers of Health and

More information

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 31st Session, 23-24 November 1998 Provisional Agenda Item 8 SPP31/8, Rev.1

More information

Association of Panamerican Veterinary Medical Colleges

Association of Panamerican Veterinary Medical Colleges Association of Panamerican Veterinary Medical Colleges Animal Welfare and ONE HEALTH concept Dr. Juan de Jesus Taylor Preciado jjtaylorp2003@yahoo.com.mx PANVET Panamerican Veterinary Sciences Association

More information

Core Functions and Capabilities. Laboratory Services

Core Functions and Capabilities. Laboratory Services Core Functions and Capabilities British Columbia Centre for Disease Control Laboratory Services Understanding the role and value of British Columbia s public health laboratory in protecting our community

More information

Human Resources Development and Training in Comprehensive Evaluation

Human Resources Development and Training in Comprehensive Evaluation Human Resources Development and Training in Comprehensive Evaluation Cuarto Foro Global de los Centros para el Aprendizaje en Evaluación y Resultados (CLEAR) November 19, 2013 Conduct evaluations Train

More information

The FAO-OIE-WHO. Collaboration. A Tripartite Concept Note

The FAO-OIE-WHO. Collaboration. A Tripartite Concept Note The FAO-OIE-WHO Collaboration Sharing responsibilities and coordinating global activities to address health risks at the animal-human-ecosystems interfaces A Tripartite Concept Note April 2010 Vision A

More information

QUICK QUIZ ANSWERS. 3. Some foodborne pathogens can also be spread by water, from person-to-person, and from animal-to-person. A. True B.

QUICK QUIZ ANSWERS. 3. Some foodborne pathogens can also be spread by water, from person-to-person, and from animal-to-person. A. True B. QUICK QUIZ ANSWERS MODULE 1 1. An outbreak is an increase in the number of cases of a particular disease greater than is expected for a given time and place. ANSWER:. An outbreak is two or more cases of

More information

Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management.

Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management. Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management. FORAGRO Technical Secretariat Area of Technology and Innovation Directorate of Technical Leadership and Knowledge Management,

More information

Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network. Core Functions of Canadian Public Health Laboratories

Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network. Core Functions of Canadian Public Health Laboratories Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network Core Functions of Canadian Public Health Laboratories Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network The CPHLN Core Functions of Canadian Public Health Laboratories

More information

Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings

Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Below please find the complete rankings of all 75 markets considered in the analysis. Rankings are broken into overall rankings and subsector rankings. Overall Renewable

More information

Strengthening of the medicines quality control laboratories in the region of the Americas and the support of AMI/RAVREDA

Strengthening of the medicines quality control laboratories in the region of the Americas and the support of AMI/RAVREDA Pan American Health Organization XI Annual Evaluation Meeting AMI/RAVREDA Antigua Guatemala, March 19-23, 2012 SESSION 5: Quality of the ANTIMALARIALS Strengthening of the medicines quality control laboratories

More information

The PCA Peanut Butter Outbreak - Minnesota s Involvement and Perspective

The PCA Peanut Butter Outbreak - Minnesota s Involvement and Perspective The PCA Peanut Butter Outbreak - Minnesota s Involvement and Perspective Dave Boxrud, MS Laboratory Supervisor Minnesota Department of Health Stephanie Meyer, MPH Epidemiologist Minnesota Department of

More information

Standard Op PulseNet QA/QC Manual. Standards

Standard Op PulseNet QA/QC Manual. Standards PulseNet Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Manual Standard Op PulseNet QA/QC Manual Standards PNG01 PNG02 PNG03 PNG04 PNG05 PNG06 PNG07 PNG08 PNG09 PNL01 PNL02 PNL03 PNL04 PNL05 PNL06 PNL07 PNL08

More information

Salmonella and Other Pathogens of Importance in Beef Processing

Salmonella and Other Pathogens of Importance in Beef Processing Salmonella and Other Pathogens of Importance in Beef Processing Mindy Brashears, PhD Director-International Center for Food Industry Excellence Department of Animal and Food Sciences Texas Tech University

More information

Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND

Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND WHAT POLICY MONITORING IS,WHY IS IMPORTANT AND WHAT HAS ALREADY BEEN DONE IN OUR COUNTRIES? Monitor and evaluate developments in agricultural

More information

Evolution of EU exports and imports of goods with CELAC, 2004-2014 (in billion)

Evolution of EU exports and imports of goods with CELAC, 2004-2014 (in billion) 100/2015-9 June 2015 EU Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) summit CELAC represents the fifth most important trading partner of the EU More than 200 bn total trade The 28 Member States

More information

Strategic Plan for Food Safety

Strategic Plan for Food Safety Advancing Food Safety Initiatives Strategic Plan for Food Safety Including Foodborne Zoonoses 2013 2022 Advancing Food Safety Initiatives Strategic Plan for Food Safety Including Foodborne Zoonoses 2013

More information

APEC Information Privacy Principles in the Development of Outsourcing Business: Contact Center in Peru

APEC Information Privacy Principles in the Development of Outsourcing Business: Contact Center in Peru 2008/SOM1/ECSG/SEM/018 APEC Information Privacy Principles in the Development of Outsourcing Business: Contact Center in Peru Submitted by: Peru Technical Assistance Seminar on International Implementation

More information

Food Safety Issues Arising at Food Production in a Global Market

Food Safety Issues Arising at Food Production in a Global Market Journal of Agribusiness 18(1), Special Issue (March 2000):129S133 2000 Agricultural Economics Association of Georgia Food Safety Issues Arising at Food Production in a Global Market Michael P. Doyle Foodborne

More information

No. prev. doc.: 9392/08 SAN 77 DENLEG 48 VETER 5 Subject: EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL POLICY, HEALTH AND CONSUMER AFFAIRS COUNCIL MEETING ON 9 AND 10 JUNE 2008

No. prev. doc.: 9392/08 SAN 77 DENLEG 48 VETER 5 Subject: EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL POLICY, HEALTH AND CONSUMER AFFAIRS COUNCIL MEETING ON 9 AND 10 JUNE 2008 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 22 May 2008 9637/08 SAN 88 DENLEG 52 VETER 7 NOTE from: Committee of Permanent Representatives (Part 1) to: Council No. prev. doc.: 9392/08 SAN 77 DENLEG 48 VETER

More information

FAO/WHO Regional Conference on Food Safety for the Americas and the Caribbean San José, Costa Rica, 6-9 December 2005

FAO/WHO Regional Conference on Food Safety for the Americas and the Caribbean San José, Costa Rica, 6-9 December 2005 Agenda Item 5 Conference Room Document 13 FAO/WHO Regional Conference on Food Safety for the Americas and the Caribbean San José, Costa Rica, 6-9 December 2005 THE FOOD SAFETY REGULATORY SYSTEM IN CANADA

More information

INTERNATIONAL FACTORING

INTERNATIONAL FACTORING INTERNATIONAL FACTORING November 3, 2011 1 L. Gabriel Segura President and founding officer of CVCredit Inc, a Miami-based company which focuses in USA-domestic and international factoring services. Nine

More information

Senate Committee: Education and Employment. QUESTION ON NOTICE Budget Estimates 2015-2016

Senate Committee: Education and Employment. QUESTION ON NOTICE Budget Estimates 2015-2016 Senate Committee: Education and Employment QUESTION ON NOTICE Budget Estimates 2015-2016 Outcome: Higher Education Research and International Department of Education and Training Question No. SQ15-000549

More information

Know the Facts. Aon Hewitt Country Profiles can help: Support a decision to establish or not establish operations in a specific country.

Know the Facts. Aon Hewitt Country Profiles can help: Support a decision to establish or not establish operations in a specific country. Aon Hewitt Country Profiles Your eguide to employment requirements and practices Profiles for nearly 90 countries worldwide Risk. Reinsurance. Human Resources. Know the Facts Whether you are a newcomer

More information

http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/phase/en 4 http://new.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1283&itemid=569

http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/phase/en 4 http://new.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1283&itemid=569 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) (Update) 30 April 2009 INFOSAN Information Note No. 2/2009 Human-animal interface aspects

More information

Thank you everybody for attending this session. What I want to

Thank you everybody for attending this session. What I want to [Session: Public Health and Response Coordination] Public Health and Response Coordination: the State of the Art DR. CRAIG HEDBERG UNIV. OF MINNESOTA Thank you everybody for attending this session. What

More information

CLARA: Security in Latin American Academic Networks

CLARA: Security in Latin American Academic Networks Jornadas sobre Seguridad Informática Buenos Aires, 1-7 Octubre, 2005 Liliana Velásquez Solha CAIS/RNP - Brazil Juan Carlos López Guel UNAM-CERT Mexico (on behalf of CLARA Latin American Cooperation of

More information

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Updated. Public Health Microbiology Strategy. Work Plan 2012-2016 1,2

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Updated. Public Health Microbiology Strategy. Work Plan 2012-2016 1,2 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Updated Public Health Microbiology Strategy & Work Plan 2012-2016 1,2 1 Approved by ECDC Management Board (MB 23; 9 th -10 th November, 2011) and Advisory

More information

Agricultural Reinsurance in Latin America Actual Situation & Outlook. 4 th Reinsurance Congress Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) April 2015

Agricultural Reinsurance in Latin America Actual Situation & Outlook. 4 th Reinsurance Congress Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) April 2015 Agricultural Reinsurance in Latin America Actual Situation & Outlook 4 th Reinsurance Congress Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) April 2015 AGENDA Commodity Price & Food Consumption Context Worldwide Agriculture

More information

Latin America s s Foreign Debt

Latin America s s Foreign Debt Latin America s s Foreign Debt Causes and Effects Internal Causes of the Debt Overvalued currency associated with ISI Returns on projects in future, but payments now: Debt trap Populist economic policies:

More information

Energy Briefing: Global Crude Oil Demand & Supply

Energy Briefing: Global Crude Oil Demand & Supply Energy Briefing: Global Crude Oil Demand & Supply November 6, 215 Dr. Edward Yardeni 516-972-7683 eyardeni@ Debbie Johnson 48-664-1333 djohnson@ Please visit our sites at www. blog. thinking outside the

More information

Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion

Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion . Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion Investment climate, World Bank Global Market Access from an International Economy Spain: your partner in Europe Business

More information

2013-14 Report on Plans and Priorities Additional Information for Sub-programs and Sub-sub-programs

2013-14 Report on Plans and Priorities Additional Information for Sub-programs and Sub-sub-programs 2013-14 Report on Plans and Priorities Additional Information for Sub-programs and Sub-sub-programs Strategic Outcome: Protecting Canadians and empowering them to improve their health Program 1.1 Public

More information

CALL FOR DATA ON VEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI (VTEC) / SHIGATOXIGENIC E. COLI (STEC)

CALL FOR DATA ON VEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI (VTEC) / SHIGATOXIGENIC E. COLI (STEC) Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meetings on Microbiological Risk Assessment (JEMRA) CALL FOR DATA ON VEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI (VTEC) / SHIGATOXIGENIC E. COLI (STEC) Background Deadline: 17 June 2016 Verotoxigenic

More information

ESR Epidemiological Skills Development Programme. Module 2.3 Laboratory Investigation. Course Outline. Debbie Smith Shevaun Paine

ESR Epidemiological Skills Development Programme. Module 2.3 Laboratory Investigation. Course Outline. Debbie Smith Shevaun Paine Module 2.3 Laboratory Investigation Course Outline Debbie Smith Shevaun Paine Version September 2014 Overall aims, objectives and learning outcomes Purpose of course To build capacity of field disease

More information

Updated ECDC Public Health Microbiology Strategy and Work Plan 2012-2016

Updated ECDC Public Health Microbiology Strategy and Work Plan 2012-2016 Updated ECDC Public Health Microbiology Strategy and Work Plan 2012-2016 Marc Struelens Microbiology Coordination Section, Resource Management and Coordination Unit Ole Heuer Surveillance Section, Surveillance

More information

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality Goal 4. Reduce child mortality 4.1. Introduction Target 4.A of MDG 4 reads: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. Monitoring of this Goal consists of three indicators

More information

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO)

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO) CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO) QUESTIONS AND ISSUES FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO SECRETARY GENERAL REPORT PURSUANT GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 65/182 April, 2011 1) Particular challenges

More information

352 UNHCR Global Report 2010

352 UNHCR Global Report 2010 352 UNHCR Global Report 2010 Argentina Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela

More information

The major wastewater worker health and safety concerns involve the potential effects of primary pathogens, bioaerosols, heavy metals, and

The major wastewater worker health and safety concerns involve the potential effects of primary pathogens, bioaerosols, heavy metals, and Frequently Asked Questions & Answers about Wastewater and Biosolids Worker Health & Safety Do wastewater and biosolids workers have a higher rate of potential exposure to pathogens than the general public?

More information

From Farm to Fork - How to Improve Surveillance of the Food Supply Chain. Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Hensel

From Farm to Fork - How to Improve Surveillance of the Food Supply Chain. Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Hensel FEDERAL INSTITUTE FOR RISK ASSESSMENT From Farm to Fork - How to Improve Surveillance of the Food Supply Chain Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Hensel What can we do in the face of terrorist threats to food? 1. Improve

More information

Obtaining Finance in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Obtaining Finance in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Obtaining Finance in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 World Bank Group latin America and the Caribbean Series Note No. REV. 8/14 Basic Definitions Countries surveyed in and how they are grouped for analysis:

More information

Accounting Education in Latin America and the Caribbean

Accounting Education in Latin America and the Caribbean REPARIS A REGIONAL PROGRAM Accounting Education in Latin America and the Caribbean Henri Fortin, Program Manager, CFRR THE ROAD TO EUROPE: PROGRAM OF ACCOUNTING REFORM AND INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING (REPARIS)

More information

SLOVAKIA Population 1999: 5 395 324 Population 2000: 5 402 547 Area: 48 845 km 2

SLOVAKIA Population 1999: 5 395 324 Population 2000: 5 402 547 Area: 48 845 km 2 WHO Surveillance Programme for Control of Foodborne Infections and Intoxications in Europe Country Reports: Slovakia BfR SLOVAKIA Population 1999: 5 395 324 Population 2: 5 42 547 Area: 48 845 km 2 1.

More information

Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) of C. jejuni infections in the United States Patrick Kwan, PhD

Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) of C. jejuni infections in the United States Patrick Kwan, PhD Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) of C. jejuni infections in the United States Patrick Kwan, PhD National Campylobacter and Helicobacter Reference Laboratory Enteric Diseases Laboratory Branch Centers

More information

Trends, News and Events that are Shaping the AML Arena in Latin America

Trends, News and Events that are Shaping the AML Arena in Latin America Trends, News and Events that are Shaping the AML Arena in Latin America Presented by: Octavio Betancourt- Managing Director 1 MoneyLaundering.com 15 th Annual International Anti-MoneyLaundering Conference

More information

Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines and Therapies

Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines and Therapies Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines and Therapies Evaluation Plan of Work 2000-2001 And Plan of Work 2002-2003 June 2002 Washington, D.C. Division of Health Systems and Services Development

More information

Education and Training

Education and Training Education and Training Education The William J. Harrington Medical Training Programs for Latin America and the Caribbean 1967 August 2011 Total 3939 Residency Program for Internal Medicine 397 Elective

More information

Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Rio Principle 10 in the Caribbean Region

Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Rio Principle 10 in the Caribbean Region Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Rio Principle 10 in the Caribbean Region Background Trinidad and Tobago, September 2013 UNEP UNITAR - ECLAC- WRI Preliminary Programme Strengthening effective

More information

in the CARIBBEAN Margarita Astralaga UNEP ROLAC February 2015

in the CARIBBEAN Margarita Astralaga UNEP ROLAC February 2015 in the CARIBBEAN Margarita Astralaga UNEP ROLAC February 2015 Content I. Background II. Activities and Achievements III. Options and opportunities What is a green economy? A Green Economy is one that results

More information

Methodology Primer for the Foodborne Illness Risk Ranking Model

Methodology Primer for the Foodborne Illness Risk Ranking Model )RRG6DIHW\5HVHDUFK&RQVRUWLXP Methodology Primer for the Foodborne Illness Risk Ranking Model Background A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION TO IMPROVE PUBLIC HEALTH The goal of the (FSRC) is to improve

More information

The World Market for Medical, Surgical, or Laboratory Sterilizers: A 2013 Global Trade Perspective

The World Market for Medical, Surgical, or Laboratory Sterilizers: A 2013 Global Trade Perspective Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2389480/ The World Market for Medical, Surgical, or Laboratory Sterilizers: A 2013 Global Trade Perspective Description: This report

More information

TURIN. Historical capital of Italy. City of Art, Nature, Food and Sport. Turin is crossed by the Po river, the Italy s longest river

TURIN. Historical capital of Italy. City of Art, Nature, Food and Sport. Turin is crossed by the Po river, the Italy s longest river TURIN Historical capital of Italy City of Art, Nature, Food and Sport Turin is crossed by the Po river, the Italy s longest river The Mole Antonelliana (1863-1889), 167.5 Meters tall is the symbol of the

More information

Dial 00-800-0010, when prompted to enter calling number, enter 800-544-6666 American Samoa 1-800-544-6666 Number can be dialed directly Angola 0199

Dial 00-800-0010, when prompted to enter calling number, enter 800-544-6666 American Samoa 1-800-544-6666 Number can be dialed directly Angola 0199 National Financial Services International Calling Instructions Albania 00-800-0010 Dial 00-800-0010, when prompted to enter American Samoa 1-800-544-6666 Number can be dialed directly Angola 0199 Dial

More information

Argentina s Economy: A death foretold again, or a surprise rescue? Claudio M. Loser Centennial- Latin America March 2014

Argentina s Economy: A death foretold again, or a surprise rescue? Claudio M. Loser Centennial- Latin America March 2014 Argentina s Economy: A death foretold again, or a surprise rescue? Claudio M. Loser Centennial- Latin America March 214 Argentine performance tended to be ahead the world and even the Emerging Economies

More information

Table 1. Growth of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Schools

Table 1. Growth of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Schools Table 1. Growth of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Schools Country 1969 1975 1988 1992 2004 Argentina 9 9 9 13 24 Antigua and Barbuda 1 Bolivia 3 3 3 7 10 Belize 2 Brazil 30 75 78 80 112 Chile 4 10

More information

SEOUL DECLARATION GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY AGENDA 2015 HIGH-LEVEL MEETING IN SEOUL

SEOUL DECLARATION GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY AGENDA 2015 HIGH-LEVEL MEETING IN SEOUL SEOUL DECLARATION GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY AGENDA 2015 HIGH-LEVEL MEETING IN SEOUL We, the ministers gathered on September 9, 2015, at the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) High-Level Meeting in Seoul,

More information

A review of the evidence for pathogenic contamination in the nonhospital. implications for infection transmission

A review of the evidence for pathogenic contamination in the nonhospital. implications for infection transmission A review of the evidence for pathogenic contamination in the nonhospital environment and implications for infection transmission Elizabeth Scott Simmons College, Boston Simmons Center for Hygiene and Health

More information

Cooperation Agreements for SAR Service and COSPAS-SARSAT STATUS OF SAR AGREEMENTS IN THE NAM/CAR/SAM REGIONS. (Presented by the Secretariat) Summary

Cooperation Agreements for SAR Service and COSPAS-SARSAT STATUS OF SAR AGREEMENTS IN THE NAM/CAR/SAM REGIONS. (Presented by the Secretariat) Summary SAR/NAM/CAR/SAM WP/08 International Civil Aviation Organization 07/04/09 Search and Rescue (SAR) Meeting for the North American, Caribbean and South American Regions (SAR/NAM/CAR/SAM) (Puntarenas, Costa

More information

Ninth Meeting of the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) Organization of American States (OAS) Washington DC, United States 18-20 June 2014

Ninth Meeting of the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) Organization of American States (OAS) Washington DC, United States 18-20 June 2014 International Health Regulations (IHR) WHO/PAHO/CHA/IR Ninth Meeting of the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) Organization of American States (OAS) Washington DC, United States 18-20 June 2014 International

More information

After action report Bioterrorism TTEX «BIOSHIELD» Americas region Argentina, 14-16

After action report Bioterrorism TTEX «BIOSHIELD» Americas region Argentina, 14-16 After action report Bioterrorism TTEX «BIOSHIELD» Americas region Argentina, 14-16 16 June 2010 BWC 2010 Meeting of Experts, 2010 Representing INTERPOL : Bioterrorism prevention programme manager Joris

More information

FREE TRADE AND MEXICO S MEAT SECTOR. September 27, 2012

FREE TRADE AND MEXICO S MEAT SECTOR. September 27, 2012 FREE TRADE AND MEXICO S MEAT SECTOR September 27, 2012 Contents I. Trade Agreements signed by Mexico II. Benefits of Foreign Trade III. External Challenges of Foreign Trade IV. Foreign Trade and the Mexican

More information

SUMMIT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW GROUP (SIRG) September 18-19, 2008 18 September 2008

SUMMIT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW GROUP (SIRG) September 18-19, 2008 18 September 2008 SUMMIT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW GROUP (SIRG) OEA/Ser.E Third Regular Meeting of 2008 GRIC/O.3/Inf.2/08 September 18-19, 2008 18 September 2008 Bridgetown, Barbados Original: English (Hilton Barbados Hotel)

More information

Healthy California 2020 Initiative: Consensus Building on Top Priority Areas for CDPH

Healthy California 2020 Initiative: Consensus Building on Top Priority Areas for CDPH Healthy California 2020 Initiative: Consensus Building on Top Priority Areas for CDPH Public Health Advisory Committee April 30, 2010 Introducing the CDPH Decision Framework Responding to public health

More information

REPORT OF THE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER NETWORK*

REPORT OF THE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER NETWORK* Distr. LIMITED LC/L.3379(CEA.6/7) 19 October 2011 ENGLISH ORIGINAL: SPANISH Sixth meeting of the Statistical Conference of the Americas of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Bávaro,

More information

Whole genome sequencing of foodborne pathogens: experiences from the Reference Laboratory. Kathie Grant Gastrointestinal Bacteria Reference Unit

Whole genome sequencing of foodborne pathogens: experiences from the Reference Laboratory. Kathie Grant Gastrointestinal Bacteria Reference Unit Whole genome sequencing of foodborne pathogens: experiences from the Reference Laboratory Kathie Grant Gastrointestinal Bacteria Reference Unit 16 th June 2014 Planning for Implementation of WGS 2011-2014

More information

Second EUA-CDE Global Strategic Forum on Doctoral Education

Second EUA-CDE Global Strategic Forum on Doctoral Education Second EUA-CDE Global Strategic Forum on Doctoral Education The Global Research Community: Changing role of Doctoral Programs Fernando Chaparro Universidad Central, Colombia EUA DIT, Dublin, March 20-22,

More information

Preventing disease Promoting and protecting health

Preventing disease Promoting and protecting health Preventing disease Promoting and protecting health DENGUE IN THE CARIBBEAN: A REGIONAL OVERVIEW Dr Babatunde Olowokure Director Surveillance, Disease Prevention & Control Division CARPHA Dengue and Severe

More information

Prevent what is preventable, cure what is curable, provide palliative care for patients in need, and monitor and manage for results.

Prevent what is preventable, cure what is curable, provide palliative care for patients in need, and monitor and manage for results. Proposed PAHO Plan of Action for Cancer Prevention and Control 2008 2015 Prevent what is preventable, cure what is curable, provide palliative care for patients in need, and monitor and manage for results.

More information

IPv6 in Latin America

IPv6 in Latin America IPv6 World Congress Meeting Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S. Azael Fernández Alcántara February 2006 CONTENTS 1. Introduction. 2. (6Bone) 3. IPv6 in Mexico 4. IPv6 in CLARA Network 5. IPv6 current status in Latin

More information

OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM)

OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) THIRD MEETING OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL OEA/Ser.L./XIV.4.3 WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL CICAD/MEM/doc.14/98 rev. 1 EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) 4 December 1998 October 26-28, 1998 Original: Spanish Tegucigalpa,

More information

Special Edition ANALYSIS OF HEALTH SECTOR REFORMS. Region of the Americas. No. 12

Special Edition ANALYSIS OF HEALTH SECTOR REFORMS. Region of the Americas. No. 12 Special Edition ANALYSIS OF HEALTH SECTOR REFORMS Region of the Americas No. 12 Iniciativa Regional de Reforma del Sector de la Salud en América Latina y el Caribe ANALYSIS OF HEALTH SECTOR REFORMS Region

More information

Animal Health Programs: Combining Surveillance, Detection, and Response

Animal Health Programs: Combining Surveillance, Detection, and Response United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Animal Health Programs: Combining Surveillance, Detection, and Response The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

More information

Salmonella Illness & Attribution

Salmonella Illness & Attribution The Poultry Federation SALMONELLA SUMMIT MARCH 26, 2013 9:15-10:00AM Salmonella Illness & Attribution Arthur P. Liang, M.D., M.P.H. Senior Advisor for Food Safety Division of Foodborne Waterborne & Environmental

More information

Avoiding Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Avoiding Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Avoiding Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 WORLD BANK GROUP LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SERIES NOTE NO. 7 REV. 8/2014 Basic Definitions Countries surveyed in 2010 and how they are grouped

More information

Region Country AT&T Direct Access Code(s) HelpLine Number. Telstra: 1 800 881 011 Optus: 1 800 551 155

Region Country AT&T Direct Access Code(s) HelpLine Number. Telstra: 1 800 881 011 Optus: 1 800 551 155 Mondelēz International HelpLine Numbers March 22, 2013 There are many ways to report a concern or suspected misconduct, including discussing it with your supervisor, your supervisor s supervisor, another

More information

Research Research and and Development Vice-Presidency

Research Research and and Development Vice-Presidency Research Research and and Development Vice-Presidency Social Social Programs Programs Division Division Social Sustainable Development Mission 2015 The Tecnologico de Monterrey, aware of its social responsibility

More information

Next Generation Networks In support of digital libraries. Luis R. Furlán Member of the board, CLARA

Next Generation Networks In support of digital libraries. Luis R. Furlán Member of the board, CLARA Next Generation Networks In support of digital libraries Luis R. Furlán Member of the board, CLARA furlan@uvg.edu.gt Yesterday s Internet 2 Yesterday s Internet Thousands of users 2 Yesterday s Internet

More information

Guidelines for Animal Disease Control

Guidelines for Animal Disease Control Guidelines for Animal Disease Control 1. Introduction and objectives The guidelines are intended to help countries identify priorities, objectives and the desired goal of disease control programmes. Disease

More information

Mario Torres Jarrín Director European Institute of International Studies Associate Lecturer Department of Romance Studies and Classics and Associate

Mario Torres Jarrín Director European Institute of International Studies Associate Lecturer Department of Romance Studies and Classics and Associate Mario Torres Jarrín Director European Institute of International Studies Associate Lecturer Department of Romance Studies and Classics and Associate Researcher, Institute of Latin American Studies Stockholm

More information

Use of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) of food-borne pathogens for public health protection

Use of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) of food-borne pathogens for public health protection EFSA Scientific Colloquium n 20 Use of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) of food-borne pathogens for public health protection Parma, Italy, 16-17 June 2014 Why WGS based approach Infectious diseases are responsible

More information

General Services Administration Federal Supply Service Authorized Federal Supply Schedule Price List

General Services Administration Federal Supply Service Authorized Federal Supply Schedule Price List General Services Administration Federal Supply Service Authorized Federal Supply Schedule Price List GSA Schedule 66 Scientific Equipment and Services SIN 66-1000 Professional Scientific Services IHRC,

More information

Molecular typing of VTEC: from PFGE to NGS-based phylogeny

Molecular typing of VTEC: from PFGE to NGS-based phylogeny Molecular typing of VTEC: from PFGE to NGS-based phylogeny Valeria Michelacci 10th Annual Workshop of the National Reference Laboratories for E. coli in the EU Rome, November 5 th 2015 Molecular typing

More information

Recommendations for implementing sustainable energy activities in the regions: LAC

Recommendations for implementing sustainable energy activities in the regions: LAC Recommendations for implementing sustainable energy activities in the regions: LAC NESTOR LUNA DIRECTOR OF STUDIES AND PROJECTS ICSU: GLOBAL REGIONAL INTEGRATION WORSHOP ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY April 9th,

More information

Consolidated International Banking Statistics in Japan

Consolidated International Banking Statistics in Japan Total (Transfer Consolidated cross-border claims in all currencies and local claims in non-local currencies Up to and including one year Maturities Over one year up to two years Over two years Public Sector

More information

excerpted from Reducing Pandemic Risk, Promoting Global Health For the full report go to http://report.predict.global

excerpted from Reducing Pandemic Risk, Promoting Global Health For the full report go to http://report.predict.global excerpted from Reducing Pandemic Risk, Promoting Global Health For the full report go to http://report.predict.global FUTURE DIRECTIONS Historically, attempts to control deadly viruses, such as SARS and

More information

Carlos Sigueyuki Sediyama Universidade Federal de Viçosa Departamento de Fitotecnia 36570-000 Viçosa - Minas Gerais Brasil. csediyama@ufv.

Carlos Sigueyuki Sediyama Universidade Federal de Viçosa Departamento de Fitotecnia 36570-000 Viçosa - Minas Gerais Brasil. csediyama@ufv. POTENTIALS FOR JOINT EFFORTS OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF VIÇOSA AND JAPANESE UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTES FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Universidade Federal de Viçosa Carlos Sigueyuki

More information

Overview menu: ArminLabs - DHL Medical Express Online-Pickup: Access to the Online System

Overview menu: ArminLabs - DHL Medical Express Online-Pickup: Access to the Online System Access to the Online System Overview menu: Create shipment: Preselected - Here you can order your shipment including the Pickup 0049 821 78093150 ArminLabs DHL Medical Express Online-Pickup-Manual DHL

More information

BRAIN DRAIN IN LATIN AMERICA*

BRAIN DRAIN IN LATIN AMERICA* UN/POP/EGM-MIG/2005/10 5 February 2006 EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs United

More information

Excerpt Sudan Fixed Telecommunications: Low Penetration Rates Get a Boost from Broadband Internet and VoIP Services

Excerpt Sudan Fixed Telecommunications: Low Penetration Rates Get a Boost from Broadband Internet and VoIP Services Excerpt Sudan Fixed Telecommunications: Low Penetration Rates Get a Boost from Broadband Internet and VoIP Services This report is part of Pyramid Research s series of Africa & Middle East Country Intelligence

More information