From Whitehall to orbit and back again: using space in government

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1 From Whitehall to orbit and back again: using space in government 18 th June 2014 Bristol 25 th June 2014 Liverpool 3 rd July Newcastle Space for Smarter Government Programme

2 Aim: To inspire you to use satellite data and enabling technology for smarter working

3 The UK Space sector Contributes 9.1 billion to the economy and directly employs 28,900 Estimated jobs supported by space 101,000 Three quarters of staff are graduates UK space sector average growth rate 7.5% pa Estimated UK share of the global market 7% Targeting a 40B turnover in 2030, which means 100,000 new jobs 37B of this will be in satellite applications and services

4 The opportunities from Space the perfect storm Technological advances in satellite capability Political commitment to fund operational services Funding opportunities for application development Skills and people across UK public and private sector Help to navigate the industry and technology So what can the Civil Service do to realise the opportunities?

5 The Basics of Satellite Applications You know about: Google Maps = Earth Observation Sat Nav = Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver Sky TV and media broadcasting = Satellite Communications Did you know? Radar can see through clouds so you can get image in any weather and in the dark Some satellites can be tasked or asked to collect the data you want Copernicus will give you free data about the earth for many years Galileo is about to be launched and will enhance your GNSS service A satellite built in the UK was the first to provide disaster recovery data to the USA in the wake of Hurricane Katrina

6 Satellite Position, Navigation & Timing (PNT) Navigation satellites provide us with essential information that is used for: personal navigation logistics timing for financial transactions synchronisation of power stations Trends Improved redundancy Premium services with higher resiliency and accuracy Improved trust, accuracy, resilience and integration with complementary solutions Opportunities Autonomous vehicles Security and accreditation

7 Galileo European alternative to GPS (USA) and Glonass (Russian) A civilian, rather than military service Provision of: Open and free to use signal Public Regulated Service: encrypted signal for secure navigation Search and Rescue Service Fee based commercial services The kit to receive the signal is in your smart phone, the applications are endless

8 Satellite Communications Direct to home (DTH) broadcasting HDTV and digital TV Including broadband global area network (BGAN) creation Enables affordable broadband communications in remote areas Source: Telephony and data applications 2-way communications between remote areas is achievable

9 Earth Observation Optical Sees what the human eye can see Needs fine weather RADAR Can penetrate cloud cover Works at night Image needs processing Source: ESA Source: SSTL NovaSAR brochure

10 Earth Observation Earth Observation (EO) satellites help us to monitor and protect our environment, manage our resources, respond to global humanitarian disasters and enable sustainable development. Images can be processed to provide maps and/or essential information on a vast number of areas, including: marine environments climate change pollution monitoring crop health

11 Copernicus has now been launched European Earth Monitoring Programme Sentinel 1a successful launch 3 rd April 3.2bn Euro over 7 years Developing ground segment to give unique UK access to data Assumed continuous monitoring FREE DATA at point of use

12 Copernicus Sentinels Includes optical and radar payloads which will measure: Sentinel 1 oil spills, sea ice, marine winds and waves, land use change, land deformation and respond to emergencies such as floods and earthquakes. Sentinel 2 vegetation changes during growing season, land management, disaster control and humanitarian relief. Land-coverage maps, land change detection maps and geophysical variables that use leaf area index, leaf chlorophyll content and leaf water content. Will also provide images of floods and volcanic eruptions. Sentinel 3 global sea surface temperature to 0.3K; sea-surface topography; sea and land temperature; and ocean and land surface colour. Sentinel 4/5 atmospheric composition. Services include: monitoring air quality; stratospheric ozone; solar radiation; and climate monitoring. Best spatial resolution = 5m

13 Copernicus - Services Maritime Land Atmosphere Emergency response Security Climate change Products delivered under these services to be defined by Member States Defra lead the user forums

14 Latest Commercial EO Services NovaSAR Due for launch 2016 medium resolution SAR data and capable of imaging day or night through clouds The public sector and academia will be able to access this new source of data for research into a range of applications such as sea-ice monitoring, maritime surveillance and flood mapping The UK Government will also be able to task the satellite COSMO-SkyMed 4 x high resolution SAR satellites i.e. a RADAR satellite that can see through clouds UK Terminal at Harwell

15 Case Studies of Operational Services Somerset Levels Flooding Habitat Mapping Air Quality Awareness Access To Broadband In Remote Areas Management Of Assets In Remote Areas Optimising Fertiliser Use & Improving Crop Yield

16 Case Study: Somerset Levels Flooding Wettest Winter on record combined with the largest tidal surges for 60 years Focused, coordinated response effort between Agency staff Image from Western Daily Press

17 Case Study: Somerset Levels Flooding Environment Agency: Disaster Charter & Copernicus Emergency Management Service evoked Data to COBR within hours Targeted response by ground crews, better distribution of pumping assets and warnings to residents Map extent of flooding, depth and volume of water Flood Extent in Bridgwater 10/02/14 courtesy of Copernicus Emergency Management Service

18 Case Study: Habitat Mapping Requirement for spatially accurate, up-to-date information on landscape changes and habitats Traditional technologies and methods proving too costly and resource intensive

19 Case Study: Habitat Mapping Natural Resource Wales: LANDMAP Satellite imagery used to update existing mapping Rapid and cost effective automated habitat classification and change detection Can aid landscape assessments which helps inform local policy, guidance and decision making Can be integrated with existing GIS tools

20 Case Study: Management of assets in remote areas Traditional means of communication (telephone and GSM) do not reach all areas Monitoring energy production at remote hydro-electric plants is resource intensive Image taken from:

21 Case Study: Management of assets in remote areas Energy Provider using SATMOS system Satellite based system relays data from the various monitors installed across the hydroelectric plant Remote operation enables constant power optimisation Reduces downtime failure and operational costs Image taken from

22 Case Study: Optimising fertiliser use & improving crop yield Nitrate pollution affects both water and crop quality In-situ fertiliser monitoring is difficult to scale up Traditional farming methods apply the same treatment of fertiliser to the whole field resulting in waste and pollution

23 Case Study: Optimising fertiliser use & improving crop yield Farming Consortia: FARMSTAR (precision agriculture advice service) Satellite imagery and positioning systems combined to produce precise navigation guidance for tractors own GNSS systems Near-real time advice on the use of fertiliser avoids excesses and reduces costs More than 100,000 tonnes of nitrogen saved

24 Public sector users and potential* users of space *identified through Eight Great Emerging Technologies (April 2014)

25 Space for Smarter Government Programme Space Growth Action Plan Science and Technology Committee Report 2013 Government itself uses space for smarter, more efficient operations and making use of existing investment Government is a first intelligent customer and drives growth through export of space products and services We want to help public sector save money, innovate and make more effective policy decisions

26 Space for Smarter Government: Processes Outputs Outcomes

27 SSGP: Structure 2014/15 SSGP Programme Board WP0 Programme Office WP1 Neutral critical friend WP2 Tools and comms WP3 Data access WP4 Funding routes Build detailed understanding of where space could benefit policies and operational services across the public sector Bridging the gap between technical specialists and tentative new users Define end user requirements for access to data Best practice for business case development and leveraging funding opportunities

28 Departments leading the way This first year SSGP are helping discover how space will be used in: Environment applications for Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Transport applications for Department for Transport Natural Hazards Risk Management for the Cabinet Office Civil Contingencies Unit Smart Cities for Department of Communities and Local Government and Local Authorities DO YOU WANT TO BE PART OF THE NEXT PHASE OF SSGP? DO YOU WANT TO INNOVATE AND USE SPACE TO SAVE MONEY?

29 Conclusion Space applications can help you deliver your business more effectively and efficiently It is not too technical to understand and where it is, there is help The costs are reducing - much of the data sources are now free and there are numerous pots of funding available Can we inspire you to use a space based solution that could help you innovate, save operational monies or make better policy decisions?

30 Thank you Questions today or anytime Contact us: Beth Greenaway, Programme Manager Or the team

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