DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND RENEWABLE ENERGY: THE CUBAN EXPERIENCE.

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1 DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND RENEWABLE ENERGY: THE CUBAN EXPERIENCE. Dr. C. Miguel Castro Fernández Centro de investigaciones y Pruebas Electroenergéticas (CIPEL), Instituto Superior Politécnico José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba. Luanda, 24 a 27 de Setembro de 2013 CONFERÊNCIA INTERNACIONAL SOBRE ENERGIA E ÁGUAS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENERGY AND WATER Centro de Convenções de Talatona, Luanda 24 a 27 de Setembro de 2013

2 Conventional energy sources and pollution: one actual problem. The development small power machines with high efficiency and low emissions. The intensive capital movement from centralized generation plants to high risk plant smaller, less expensive and closer to final consumers. The signing Kyoto Protocol was that national governments began to take measures to reduce CO 2 emissions and greenhouse gases by promoting energy efficiency.

3 The Cuban Electric National System (SEN). Load Power cover plants by SEN in on Cuba typical in day in July 2005.

4 The Cuban Energy Revolution: more than 20 programs. Fault maintenance. First stage: Diesel gen sets installed. Power plants so far load centers. Strengning economic blockade against Cuba. Limited access to international markets. High Price oil. To increase number hurricanes that affected country. Second stage: Fuel oil gen sets installed.

5 Benefits DG in Cuban SEN. More than 580 thousand actions to improve technical condition distribution networks, including elimination double transformation where it is possible, permitted to reduce energy losses in distribution network upto 11%. Transfer power and losses on transmission Increasing Possibility system after to operate efficiency introduction with on Microsystems DG SEN. in SEN. isolated grid. Matrix generation after introduction DG in Cuba.

6 Problems associated to DG with gen sets. The partnership between electricity sector and universities A total se 25 projects challenges national are attacked in Cuba? allowed achievements such as: How Environmental challenges. and regional 1. Normalize towere similar tonetwork those established by years, character Creating arates National run over a period for Distributed three Decrease voltage drops along feeders. manufacturer level consumption groups. addressing issues and solutions byto9 Universities such as:and Generation Reversal comprised power flow 2. Making improvements on technologies thatsubstation. were incorporated 1. consumption provincial power rates. sector companies, into new units were purchased for Cuba and or countries, in 14 Overvoltages. exchange for lengning periods customer service andand free 2. coordinated Quality Management by Center and energy. for Research Increase short circuit current and voltage maintenance execution to a view at least five years. 3. Environmental Test (CIPEL) Mapping. and work. National 3.Electric Join over 150 specialists in Diploma postgraduate course that oscillations in ir normal were created for different specialties Generation that pay to generators. 4. Management Maintenance Management. Distributed by Power quality (PQ) problems present in 4. Characterizing typical pollution levels associated with 5. Electrical Human resource Enterprice. management. CCP. se operation generators. 5. Developing a quality management manual to allow standardized and efficient operation generators. And ors. 1ª Conferência Internacional sobre Energia e Águas 1st International Conference on Energy and Water Uma iniciativa do:

7 Renewable energies and GD. Anor aditional benefit from DG: it permit to increase penetration renewables energy resources.

8 Wind farm in Cuba. Gibara I wind farm Turiguano s wind farm Los Canarreos wind farm

9 Photovoltaic Systems (PVS) in Cuba. Naturals Science Museum PV System PV System connected installed to at grid. Solar Energy PV System installed Research at Center ECOSOL ENERGIA Fishing Cooperative La Salina, Matanzas. Hybrid System Wind-PFV PV System installed at Santa María del Loreto PV System installed at Rural school. PV SYSTEM CONECTED TO GRID, CANTARRANA CIENFUEGOS

10 Hydraulic and Biomass in Cuba. PROJECT BIOMASS, INDIO HATUEY

11 Benefits DG in Cuban SEN.

12

13 Benefits DG in Cuban SEN.

14 Current Cuban s energy matrix. Domestic primary energy (DPS) production + importation Fuel Electricity Final consumption consumption generated by technology. DPS and secondary to generate by primary energy sources electricity. and (SES). secondary sources.

15 THE SCENARIE. ENERGY PLANNING. Maximal use domestic energy sources: To Possible domestic maintain average fuel, power accompanist same dispatch grow gas in Cuba and demand to RES to from find this energy last 5 years, independence and to win our Similar battle against residential blockade. and industrial structure (50% Diversify electricity primary consumption energy sources. in Cuba), To Sugarcane increase biomass from 3 to develop 20% in like RES principal use, To RES, increase but increasing from 5 to 20% use in ors LGN RES like primary like wind, sources, PVS and and hydraulic. Similar To introduce consumption de Liquid domestic Gas Natural fuel. (LGP) with combined cycle to supply basic load. To decrease environmental pollution.

16 Conclusions. Projects currently run in DG Network. 1. Master Training Specialist level National Load dispatch. Generation technologies begin and costs related toto 2. Minimize dispersed penetration RE into national electricity Studies A group concerns elements, like technical and The nature system, RES both network-wide and at path level micro-regions or microgrids. deviate from large generating transmission systems. a great 3.provides Regulatory framework for RES. opportunity for units use technologies become 4.generation Impact for PV systems with a grid injection. scheme electric system is currently undergoing a distributed using Open significant opportunities for small 5. Application Geographic Information System to territorial land smaller, but with larger economies in a deep process reform in many small near management units RES. investors, even at family level. point 6.manufacturing V2G Technology. processes.to as it was at consumption, analogous 7. Creation and Development Absorption Capacity Production Provide electricity consumers freedom The Grassroots Organization Distributed Generation. evolution alternative schemes dawn into electrical industry. 8.choice Introduction LED technology as options. a way to reduce demand. between different generation and renewable supply and electricity. that current schemes 9.difference Evaluation is potential plant facilities Ministry Transport. DG are able to: 10. Informational System Environmental Management for EE. environmental, have made traditional Thanks for your time. countries, which sets standards for its 1ª Conferência Internacional sobre Energia e Águas 1st International Conference on Energy and Water Uma iniciativa do:

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