Thermal comfort and Energy Efficiency in

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Thermal comfort and Energy Efficiency in"

Transcription

1 Faculty of Engineering Division of Infrastructure, Geomatics and Architecture Architecture, Climate & Environment Research Group INVITED LECTURE BY DR MAUREEN TREBILCOCK Thermal comfort and Energy Efficiency in School Buildings Wednesday 9 th April 2014 Thermal comfort and Energy Efficiency in School Buildings Invited Lecture by Dr Maureen Trebilcock Dr Maureen Trebilcock is an University of Nottingham alumnus and Head of the Master Course in Sustainable Habitat and Energy Efficiency, Universidad del Bio-Bio, Chile. The talk described the findings of Dr Trebilcock s work at schools located at the north, centre and south of Chile, under different climatic conditions. The first part will review current thermal comfort parameters based on a field study, while the second and third part will show how different design strategies can have an impact on predicted energy demand and daylighting conditions, based on parametric analysis and simulation. Architecture, Climate and Environment Research Group Division of Infrastructure, Geomatics and Architecture 1

2 Thermal comfort and Energy Efficiency in School Buildings Maureen Trebilcock, Universidad del Bío-Bío Concepción, Chile STRUCTURE 1. Field study of thermal comfort in school buildings in Chile 2. Parametric analysis of classrooms typologies 3. Design proposals for an Integral Classroom 2

3 Children spend 6 hours per day at School for 12 years School buildings with good environmental performance can considerably improve the attention capacity, concentration, learning, hearing and behaviour of the students if the students feel uncomfortable or distracted by noise, by poor lighting conditions, due to the lack of heating, cooling and/or ventilation, their capacity to learn will be affected SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN CHILE No regulations for energy efficiency and very limited regulations for environmental comfort. Most schools are passive (neither heating nor cooling system) with low building quality. Previous research has found that environmental conditions in school classrooms are very poor, particularly in terms of air quality and thermal comfort 3

4 1. FIELD STUDY OF THERMAL COMFORT Field study on thermal comfort in school buildings located at different climatic conditions, looking at how climatic and socioeconomic aspects influence thermal sensation of students. IQUIQUE SANTIAGO 2 schools with high vulnerability (poverty) PUERTO MONTT 2 schools with low vulnerability (poverty) FIELD STUDY OF THERMAL COMFORT questionnaires measurements 4

5 Thermal sensation vote Thermal sensation vote Temperature C FIELD STUDY OF THERMAL COMFORT Results of four schools in Santiago all passive buildings, no heating / cooling T ext T int Membrillar T int India T int JP Duarte T int Siria Air temperature in winter Air temperature in summer Indoor temperature fluctuates with external temperature, and they are generally low in winter and high in summer FIELD STUDY OF THERMAL COMFORT Thermal sensation vote / Dry bulb temperature Dry bulb temperature Winter y = x R² = Thermal sensation vote / Dry bulb temperature Dry bulb temperature Summer y = x R² = Neutral temperature Number of Neutral temperature Number of winter ( C) votes winter summer ( C) votes summer All cases Neutral temperature in winter based on 1189 votes from 4 schools is 16,7 C, but it varies form 15,5 C for both schools with high vulnerability to 17,4 C for both schools with low vulnerability, suggesting that there is a relation between thermal sensation and vulnerability (poverty). 5

6 2. PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS OF CLASSROOM TYPOLOGIES The aim of the study was to determine how different design parameters influence the total energy demand of a school classroom in different climatic zones of the country. METHODOLOGY Dynamic simulation of a basic classroom typology located in 10 Chilean cities, representing different climatic zones. Climates vary from mild climatic conditions on the northern coast to very harsh conditions in the extreme south, passing through zones with hot summers and relatively cold winters in the central area. basic classroom typology 6

7 METHODOLOGY Design parameter Orientation main façade Variables north, south, east, west Glazing area/ floor area (%) basic classroom typology Type of glazing Single, double, double low-e, double solar control Infiltration rate (ach) 0,5 1,5 2,5 Thermal envelope A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-K SIMULATION PROCESS combinations per city Dynamic simulation with Energy Plus Parametric analysis with Gen Opt To determine energy demand for Heating Cooling Lighting (as a result of daylighting contribution) Temperature set-point : 20 C for heating and 26 C for cooling, Lighting requirement : 300 lux at the work-plane 7

8 AVERAGE ENERGY DEMAND FOR EACH CITY kwh/m 2 y mostly cooling (overheating) mostly heating INFLUENCE OF DESIGN PARAMETERS Difference in energy demand (kwh/m 2 y) The most important design parameter is the infiltration rate, particularly in the southern (and coldest) zones. Another influential design parameter is orientation, which has a higher impact on the southern zones, as well as the thermal envelope. 8

9 RESULTS BY CLIMATIC ZONES kwh/m 2 y Punta Arenas (south extreme) Iquique (north litoral) Santiago (central interior) RESULTS BY CLIMATIC ZONES: Iquique (northern coastal zone) The results for Iquique show an important variation in energy demand between the best and worst cases, which rely mostly on the cooling demand. worst cases best cases 9

10 RESULTS BY CLIMATIC ZONES: Iquique (northern coastal zone) Best design variables for each orientation RESULTS BY CLIMATIC ZONES: Santiago (central interior zone) worst cases best cases Smaller variation between the performance of the best and worst cases than in Iquique and Punta Arenas, due to the fact that this climate varies significantly between summer and winter, which means that some features and appropriate for winter conditions and others are appropriate for summer conditions. 10

11 RESULTS BY CLIMATIC ZONES: Punta Arenas (extreme south zone) worst cases best cases The results for Punta Arenas show an important variation in energy demand between the best and worst cases, which rely mostly on the heating demand, as there is no cooling demand.. 3. Design Proposals for an Integral Classroom Integral classroom 1 Architect School Designer Acustic Ing. Integral classroom 2 Integral classroom Energy efficiency & Passive Design Thermal comfort Mechanical Ing. (ventilation) Ilumination Integral classroom 3 Integral classroom 4 11

12 Iquique NORTH Santiago CENTRE SOUTH Punta Arenas Evaluating performance Thermal Demand Lighting Acoustic analysis Heating Cooling ConsideringUnderground heat exchanger (north and centre) or Heat recovery system (south) Daylight Factor Average Illuminance Surface in range Daylighting Uniformity Daylighting Autonomy Energy Demand. Intelligibility of the voice Acoustic insulation from aerial noise: Facade Between classrooms Upper floor EnergyPlus ZoneEarthTube CalcSoilSurfTemp DesignBuilder, HVAC Radiance Matlab SONarchitect ISO INSUL EASE ZORBA 12

13 NORTHERN ZONE IQUIQUE : Littoral North South, West BWn: arid with abundant cloudiness 1 TURBID SKY North classroom North facing classroom 2 TURBID SKY East facing classroom 13

14 CENTRAL ZONE l SANTIAGO : Inland centre: South, West Csb: warm temperate with winter rainfall 1 North facing classroom 2 East facing classroom 14

15 SOUTHERN ZONE PUNTA ARENAS : Extreme South 53 8 South, West BSk s: very cold semiarid with winter rains 1 North facing classroom 2 East facing classroom 15

16 Other proposals Other proposals 16

17 NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS Instituto Superior de Comercio N 2 Joaquín Vera Morales (INSUCO) R. Strappa, J.E. Barros, D. García de la Huerta, A. Echeverría, M. Wood arqtos. + ArqEnergía consultores ACHEE NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS Liceo Artístico Experimental Santiago Martín Hurtado arqtos. + IDIEM consultores ACHEE 17

18 NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS Liceo Comercial de San Bernardo Cruz & Browne arqtos. + IDIEM consultores ACHEE NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS Liceo Politécnico de Curacautín Crisosto Arqtos. + ArqEnergía consultores ACHEE 18

19 NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS Liceo Industrial de Nueva Imperial Marsino y Santander Arquitectos + Araucanía Consultores Conclusions The field work shows that indoor thermal conditions in school classrooms are very poor, with low temperature in winter and hogh temperature in summer. Neutral comfort vote is lower than literature, with differences according to vulnerability and poverty of children. With the aim of improving environmental conditions, parametric analysis of classrooms typologies allowed to look at multiple design variables at the same time, with three different energy outputs: heating, cooling and lighting. Detailed simulation of design proposals for each climatic zone allowed to look at more detailed design features, concluding that it is possible to achieve good energy and environmental performance with passive design strategies. Integral classroo m 19

Parametric Analysis of School Classroom Typologies' Energy Performance

Parametric Analysis of School Classroom Typologies' Energy Performance PLEA2013-29th Conference, Sustainable Architecture for a Renewable Future, Munich, Germany 10-12 September 2013 Parametric Analysis of School Classroom Typologies' Energy Performance MAUREEN TREBILCOCK

More information

3-D Modeller Rendered Visualisations

3-D Modeller Rendered Visualisations Recognised energy Dynamic Simulation Modelling (DSM) software DesignBuilder is a user interface to the EnergyPlus DSM. EnergyPlus builds on the most popular features and capabilities of BLAST and DOE-2

More information

SENSITIVITY STUDY FOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STRATEGIES OF OFFICE BUILDINGS IN CENTRAL CHILE: EFFECTIVENESS OF NOCTURNAL VENTILATION.

SENSITIVITY STUDY FOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STRATEGIES OF OFFICE BUILDINGS IN CENTRAL CHILE: EFFECTIVENESS OF NOCTURNAL VENTILATION. SENSITIVITY STUDY FOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STRATEGIES OF OFFICE BUILDINGS IN CENTRAL CHILE: EFFECTIVENESS OF NOCTURNAL VENTILATION. Waldo Bustamante *1, Felipe Encinas 2 and Francisco Sánchez de la Flor

More information

Climate and Energy Responsive Housing in Continental Climates. The Suitability of Passive Houses for Iran's Dry and Cold Climate. Farshad Nasrollahi

Climate and Energy Responsive Housing in Continental Climates. The Suitability of Passive Houses for Iran's Dry and Cold Climate. Farshad Nasrollahi Climate and Energy Responsive Housing in Continental Climates The Suitability of Passive Houses for Iran's Dry and Cold Climate Farshad Nasrollahi Table of Contents Abstract German Abstract Introduction

More information

Adaptive strategies for office spaces in the UK climate

Adaptive strategies for office spaces in the UK climate International Conference Passive and Low Energy Cooling 631 Adaptive strategies for office spaces in the UK climate I. Gallou Environment & Energy Studies Programme, Architectural Association Graduate

More information

Daylighting utilization in the window energy balance metric: Development of a holistic method for early design decisions

Daylighting utilization in the window energy balance metric: Development of a holistic method for early design decisions Daylighting utilization in the window energy balance metric: Development of a holistic method for early design decisions Authors: Jiangtao Du Bengt Hellström Marie-Claude Dubois Division of Energy and

More information

Diego Ibarra Christoph Reinhart Harvard Graduate School of Design

Diego Ibarra Christoph Reinhart Harvard Graduate School of Design Building Performance Simulation for Designers - Energy DesignBuilder // EnergyPlus Tutorial #2 Load Schedules GEOMETRY LOADS RESULTS Diego Ibarra Christoph Reinhart Harvard Graduate School of Design OVERVIEW

More information

Improving comfort and energy efficiency in a nursery school design process S. Ferrari, G. Masera, D. Dell Oro

Improving comfort and energy efficiency in a nursery school design process S. Ferrari, G. Masera, D. Dell Oro Improving comfort and energy efficiency in a nursery school design process S. Ferrari, G. Masera, D. Dell Oro Dept. Building Environment Science &Technologies Politecnico di Milano Italy Research funded

More information

ResearcH JournaL 2009 / VOL 01.01. www.perkinswill.com

ResearcH JournaL 2009 / VOL 01.01. www.perkinswill.com ResearcH JournaL 2009 / VOL 01.01 www.perkinswill.com PERKINS+WILL RESEARCH JOURNAL / VOL 01.01 05. CONTEXT BASED DESIGN OF DOUBLE SKIN FACADES Climatic Considerations During the Design Process Ajla Aksamija,

More information

Building codes are presently moving towards new

Building codes are presently moving towards new Heating and cooling challenge in nzeb Experiences from built houses and detailed building simulations calls for a careful and integrated approach when designing heating and cooling systems for nearly zero

More information

Residential HVAC Load Sizing Training October 14, 2015. David Kaiser Green Code Plan Reviewer

Residential HVAC Load Sizing Training October 14, 2015. David Kaiser Green Code Plan Reviewer Residential HVAC Load Sizing Training October 14, 2015 David Kaiser Green Code Plan Reviewer DCRA - Green Building Division Regulations of green codes including: Green Building Act Green Construction Code

More information

Energy savings in the residential area are essential in

Energy savings in the residential area are essential in Overheating and insufficient heating problems in low energy houses up to now call for improvements in future Requirements for improved energy performance have shifted major focus on energy calculations

More information

Interoperabilidad entre BIM y software de eficiencia energética. Danny Lobos

Interoperabilidad entre BIM y software de eficiencia energética. Danny Lobos Latam Sustentable 2015 Congreso Internacional 25 de agosto de 2015 Interoperabilidad entre BIM y software de eficiencia energética Danny Lobos Arquitecto Dr Ing Bauhaus Alemania, profesor, investigador

More information

Assessing energy equivalence using the peer review process. Peer review guideline

Assessing energy equivalence using the peer review process. Peer review guideline Assessing energy equivalence using the peer review process Peer review guideline October 2010 Contents 1. Background... 2 Application...3 Assumptions...3 Legislation...3 2. What is peer review?... 3 3.

More information

CEN/TC 156. pren 15251. Date: 2006-07-31 CEN/TC 156. Secretariat: BSI ICS: Descriptors:

CEN/TC 156. pren 15251. Date: 2006-07-31 CEN/TC 156. Secretariat: BSI ICS: Descriptors: CEN/TC 156 Date: 2006-07-31 pren 15251 CEN/TC 156 Secretariat: BSI Indoor environmental input parameters for design and assessment of energy performance of buildingsaddressing indoor air quality, thermal

More information

Energy Efficient Hospital Patient Room Design: Effect of Room Shape on Windowto-Wall Ratio in a Desert Climate

Energy Efficient Hospital Patient Room Design: Effect of Room Shape on Windowto-Wall Ratio in a Desert Climate Energy Efficient Hospital Patient Room Design: Effect of Room Shape on Windowto-Wall Ratio in a Desert Climate Ahmed Sherif Hanan Sabry Rasha Arafa Ayman Wagdy [Department of Construction and Architectural

More information

The Reunion experience

The Reunion experience Barcelona Workshop Experience on Net Zero Energy Buildings October 3rd 2012 1 The challenge of designing Net Zero Energy Buildings in Tropical Climates The Reunion experience Prof. François GARDE, PhD,

More information

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Texas

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Texas Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Texas www.efficientwindows.org January 06 Zones. Meet the Energy Code & Look for the Windows must comply with your local energy code. Windows that are certified

More information

CHAPTER 3. The sun and the seasons. Locating the position of the sun

CHAPTER 3. The sun and the seasons. Locating the position of the sun zenith 90 summer solstice 75 equinox 52 winter solstice 29 altitude angles observer Figure 3.1: Solar noon altitude angles for Melbourne SOUTH winter midday shadow WEST summer midday shadow summer EAST

More information

THE EFFECT OF WINDOW POSITION AND WINDOW SIZE ON THE ENERGY DEMAND FOR HEATING, COOLING AND ELECTRIC LIGHTING. R.M.J. Bokel

THE EFFECT OF WINDOW POSITION AND WINDOW SIZE ON THE ENERGY DEMAND FOR HEATING, COOLING AND ELECTRIC LIGHTING. R.M.J. Bokel THE EFFECT OF WINDOW POSITION AND WINDOW SIZE ON THE ENERGY DEMAND FOR HEATING, COOLING AND ELECTRIC LIGHTING R.M.J. Bokel Department of Architecture, Delft Technical University, Delft, The Netherlands,

More information

ELIMINATING AIR CONDITIONERS IN NEW SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA HOUSING

ELIMINATING AIR CONDITIONERS IN NEW SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA HOUSING ELIMINATING AIR CONDITIONERS IN NEW SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA HOUSING Murray Milne, Research Professor Department of Architecture and Urban Design UCLA Los Angeles, CA 90095 milne@ucla.edu Tim Kohut, Project

More information

DESIGNING A HIGH PERFORMANCE FACADE IN 5 STEPS

DESIGNING A HIGH PERFORMANCE FACADE IN 5 STEPS DESIGNING A HIGH PERFORMANCE FACADE IN STEPS How architects can leverage existing design decisions to achieve a high performance facade Copyright 0 Sefaira Ltd. What Makes a Good Facade? What makes a good

More information

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in California

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in California Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in California www.efficientwindows.org Janurary 016 Zones 1. Meet the Energy Code & Look for the Windows must comply with your local energy code. Windows that are

More information

Building Energy Modelling. prescriptive

Building Energy Modelling. prescriptive Building Energy Modelling prescriptive An alternative to Design for SANS 10400-XA Contents Complying with the new building energy standard - SANS 10400-XA 3 Compliance options Two rational design routes

More information

Energy-Plus Primary School, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

Energy-Plus Primary School, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany Energy-Plus Primary School, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany Ingo LÜTKEMEYER, Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Architekt BDA 1 Jens KRAUSE, Dipl. Ing. 2 Günter LÖHNERT, Dr. Ing. 3 Holger KÖNIG, Dipl.-Ing. 4 Detlef HENNINGS, Dr.

More information

Architecture & Energy Strategies for a changing climate

Architecture & Energy Strategies for a changing climate Architecture & Energy Strategies for a changing climate By Michael Lauring & Rob Marsh, Aalborg University, Denmark. Joint Actions On Climate Change 8-10. June 2009, Aalborg, Denmark Aim: To further integrated

More information

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Florida

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Florida Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Florida www.efficientwindows.org January 06 Zones. Meet the Energy Code & Look for the Windows must comply with your local energy code. Windows that are certified

More information

Paul Linden & Guilherme Carrilho da Graça. NaturalWorks Inc

Paul Linden & Guilherme Carrilho da Graça. NaturalWorks Inc Building simulation Case Studies Paul Linden & Guilherme Carrilho da Graça NaturalWorks Inc www.natural-works.com Natural Ventilation Design San Francisco Federal Office Building MORPHOSIS San Francisco

More information

Assessment of Solar Access in different urban space configurations in two southern latitude cities with mild climates.

Assessment of Solar Access in different urban space configurations in two southern latitude cities with mild climates. Assessment of Solar Access in different urban space configurations in two southern latitude cities with mild climates. Cárdenas-Jirón, L.A. Dra Vasquez, J.P., Magister Turnbull, N. [Universidad de Chile]

More information

Selecting Energy Efficient Replacement Windows in Nevada

Selecting Energy Efficient Replacement Windows in Nevada Selecting Energy Efficient Replacement Windows in Nevada www.efficientwindows.org January 06 STAR Zones. Meet the Energy Code & Look for the STAR Windows must comply with your local energy code. Windows

More information

High Performance School Buildings Resource and Strategy Guide

High Performance School Buildings Resource and Strategy Guide High Performance School Buildings Resource and Strategy Guide Published by: Sustainable Buildings Industry Council With support from: California Energy Commission National Concrete Masonry Association

More information

A global list. The Fortification Depot A CO 2 -reduction project

A global list. The Fortification Depot A CO 2 -reduction project The Fortification Depot A CO 2 -reduction project A global list Passive measures: Windows, glazing, solar shading Insulation of walls, roofs, floors Improving air tightness 1 A global list Technical measures:

More information

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Georgia

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Georgia Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Georgia www.efficientwindows.org January 016 ENERGY STAR Zones 1. Meet the Energy Code & Look for the ENERGY STAR Windows must comply with your local energy code.

More information

Klosterenga, Oslo, Norway, 1998-2000 page - 1

Klosterenga, Oslo, Norway, 1998-2000 page - 1 Klosterenga, Oslo, Norway, 1998-2000 page - 1 Introduction Klosterenga is an urban revitalisation project close to the city centre of Oslo. The 3 apartments were built with a focus on energy saving. Next

More information

SYSTEMS INTEGRATION SYSTEMS INTEGRATION. Air handler uses heat recovery on exhaust air to temper incoming ventilation air Oxbow skylight

SYSTEMS INTEGRATION SYSTEMS INTEGRATION. Air handler uses heat recovery on exhaust air to temper incoming ventilation air Oxbow skylight 100% outside air intake Air handler uses heat recovery on exhaust air to temper incoming ventilation air Oxbow skylight Smoke evacuation Natural convection exhaust Atrium skylight Phase change material

More information

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Arizona

Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Arizona Selecting Energy Efficient New Windows in Arizona www.efficientwindows.org January 016 ENERGY STAR Zones 1. Meet the Energy Code & Look for the ENERGY STAR Windows must comply with your local energy code.

More information

Integrated Solar Radiant Systems

Integrated Solar Radiant Systems Integrated Solar Radiant Systems William Shady PE President Topics Radiant heating Indoor air quality Radiant Cooling Project Photos Questions and answers The goal for our clients Healthy Comfort Why Radiant

More information

Opening the Bonnet. Prof Darren Woolf WYSINWYG 1

Opening the Bonnet. Prof Darren Woolf WYSINWYG 1 Opening the Bonnet Prof Darren Woolf WYSINWYG 1 WYSINWYG What You See Is NOT What You Get: Looking inside the Pandora s Box Prof Darren Woolf WYSINWYG 2 WYSIWYG implies a user interface that allows the

More information

Case Study 13 Schools of Architecture and Design, Wellington tertiary education institute, New Zealand

Case Study 13 Schools of Architecture and Design, Wellington tertiary education institute, New Zealand Case Study Schools of Architecture and Design, Wellington tertiary education institute, New Zealand Winter Summer daylight intermediate, intermediate, climate temperate, oceanic altitude m heating degree

More information

The Environmental Design of Working Spaces in Equatorial Highlands Zones: The Case of Bogotá

The Environmental Design of Working Spaces in Equatorial Highlands Zones: The Case of Bogotá Buildings 2015, 5, 1105-1130; doi:10.3390/buildings5041105 Article OPEN ACCESS buildings ISSN 2075-5309 www.mdpi.com/journal/buildings/ The Environmental Design of Working Spaces in Equatorial Highlands

More information

Energy efficient glazed office buildings with double skin façades in Europe

Energy efficient glazed office buildings with double skin façades in Europe Energy efficient glazed office buildings with double skin façades in Europe Bo Eriksson WSP Environmental Sweden bo.eriksson@wspgroup.se Åke Blomsterberg Energy and BuildingDesign, Lund University and

More information

Air Conditioning, Comfort and Energy in India s Commercial Building Sector

Air Conditioning, Comfort and Energy in India s Commercial Building Sector Air Conditioning, Comfort and Energy in India s Commercial Building Sector THINK.CHANGE.DO Leena Thomas Richard dedear Rajan Rawal Ashok Lall PC Thomas University of Technology, Sydney Sydney University

More information

Protocol for the Certification of Energy Simulation Software: Second edition, September 2011

Protocol for the Certification of Energy Simulation Software: Second edition, September 2011 Copyright Agrément South Africa, September 2011 The master copy of this document appears on the website: http://www.agrement.co.za SANS 10400: The application of the National Building Regulations: Protocol

More information

The Importance of Building Criteria on Cooling Energy Demand of a Low Cost Residential House: Thailand Case Study

The Importance of Building Criteria on Cooling Energy Demand of a Low Cost Residential House: Thailand Case Study The Importance of Building Criteria on Cooling Energy Demand of a Low Cost Residential House: Thailand Case Study WARAPORN RATTANONGPHISAT 1,2,*, FEDERICO M. BUTERA 2, R.S. ADHIKARI 2 AND CHALERMPORN YOOPRATETH

More information

MicroShade. Redefining Solar Shading

MicroShade. Redefining Solar Shading MicroShade Redefining Solar Shading Natural climate control Newest technology based on simple principles MicroShade is intelligent solar shading technology that provides the simplest yet most effective

More information

Solar Homes Catch the Sun. Are you planning a new house? Discover how you can apply solar architecture principles to:

Solar Homes Catch the Sun. Are you planning a new house? Discover how you can apply solar architecture principles to: PASSIVE Solar Design Solar Homes Catch the Sun Are you planning a new house? Discover how you can apply solar architecture principles to: keep your heating bills to a minimum enjoy the comfort of a warm

More information

THE NATIONAL BUILDING REGULATIONS PART XA: ENERGY EFFICIENCY. Presentation by Peter Henshall-Howard: HEAD: BUILDING DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT.

THE NATIONAL BUILDING REGULATIONS PART XA: ENERGY EFFICIENCY. Presentation by Peter Henshall-Howard: HEAD: BUILDING DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT. THE NATIONAL BUILDING REGULATIONS PART XA: ENERGY EFFICIENCY. Presentation by Peter Henshall-Howard: HEAD: BUILDING DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT. A Diagrammatic representation of the relationship between the

More information

CLIMATE ENERGY INDEX AND BUILDING ENERGY INDEX: NEW INDICES TO ASSESS AND BENCHMARK BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE

CLIMATE ENERGY INDEX AND BUILDING ENERGY INDEX: NEW INDICES TO ASSESS AND BENCHMARK BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE CLIMATE ENERGY INDEX AND BUILDING ENERGY INDEX: NEW INDICES TO ASSESS AND BENCHMARK BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE Don McLean, Ya Roderick, Richard Quincey, David McEwan, Integrated Environmental Solutions

More information

Passive controls. Passive solar heating. Direct gain and control of heat flow

Passive controls. Passive solar heating. Direct gain and control of heat flow Passive controls Passive solar heating Direct gain and control of heat flow control of sunlight penetration good thermal quality of window (thermal insulation, thermal bridges) proper orientation other

More information

Design of an Eco Friendly and Self Sufficient Cabin

Design of an Eco Friendly and Self Sufficient Cabin Design of an Eco Friendly and Self Sufficient Cabin This project is a real programme which is to develop a prototype of an eco friendly cabin. In this project, I choose two sites, Aberdeen and Brighton,

More information

CASE STUDY: Russia's First LEED Certified Commercial Office Building Renaissance Pravda Business Center, St. Petersburg

CASE STUDY: Russia's First LEED Certified Commercial Office Building Renaissance Pravda Business Center, St. Petersburg CASE STUDY: Russia's First LEED Certified Commercial Office Building Renaissance Pravda Business Center, St. Petersburg LEED Consultants: ALAN Project Management and Architecture / Mimta EkoYapı http://www.leedcertification.ru/

More information

SIMULATION OF A MULTI-FAMILY BUILDING IN MADRID, SPAIN

SIMULATION OF A MULTI-FAMILY BUILDING IN MADRID, SPAIN Eleventh International IBPSA Conference Glasgow, Scotland July 27-30, 2009 SIMULATION OF A MULTI-FAMILY BUILDING IN MADRID, SPAIN Francesc Bonvehí, and Mónica Bobrovsky Asolba SL, Barcelona, Spain. Sergi

More information

Smart building as a power plant energyplus house with energy charge management

Smart building as a power plant energyplus house with energy charge management Institut für Gebäude- und Solartechnik Prof. Dr.-Ing. M. Norbert Fisch Mühlenpfordtstraße 23 D-38106 Braunschweig www.tu-braunschweig.de/igs Smart building as a power plant energyplus house with energy

More information

LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16

LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16 LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16 Design Challenge Resilient working environments: carving the city for small businesses in London Submitted by: University of Westminster MSc Architecture

More information

Energy efficient home design

Energy efficient home design Energy efficient home design GUIDELINES How an energy efficient home can help you live in comfort and save money An energy efficient home is designed to provide shade and allow cooling breezes to enter

More information

ENERGY REHABILITATION STUDIES OF A LARGE GROUP OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY

ENERGY REHABILITATION STUDIES OF A LARGE GROUP OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY ENERGY REHABILITATION STUDIES OF A LARGE GROUP OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY A. Rego-Teixeira,, R. S. Duarte, L. Brotas, P. Almeida and M. A. Brandão, INETI - Instituto Nacional de Engenharia e

More information

Exemplary Retrofitting of an Old School in Stuttgart - EROS -

Exemplary Retrofitting of an Old School in Stuttgart - EROS - Exemplary Retrofitting of an Old School in Stuttgart - EROS - City of Stuttgart, Summary The objective of the project was to demonstrate the potentials of a retrofitting process for a typical school in

More information

Protocol for the Certification of Energy Simulation Software: First edition, December 2009

Protocol for the Certification of Energy Simulation Software: First edition, December 2009 Copyright Agrément South Africa, December 2009 The master copy of this document appears on the website: http://www.agrement.co.za Protocol for the Certification of Energy Simulation Software: First edition,

More information

Pilkington Activ. The forecast will always be clear and cool. Pilkington Activ Range Self-cleaning and solar control glass for conservatories.

Pilkington Activ. The forecast will always be clear and cool. Pilkington Activ Range Self-cleaning and solar control glass for conservatories. Pilkington Activ The forecast will always be clear and cool. Pilkington Activ Range Self-cleaning and solar control glass for conservatories. Thermal insulation. When it comes to conservatories, we think

More information

IEA SHC Task 47 Renovation of Non-Residential Buildings towards Sustainable Standards

IEA SHC Task 47 Renovation of Non-Residential Buildings towards Sustainable Standards Date of revision: 15.6.2012 Osram Culture Centre Copenhagen, Denmark Valhalsgade 4, 2200 Copenhagen N 1. INTRODUCTION PROJECT SUMMARY Construction year: 1953 Energy renovation: 2009 No past energy renovations

More information

A DISTANT-LEARNING TRAINING MODULE ON ENERGY EFFICIENT INTEGRATED BUILDING DESIGN IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT

A DISTANT-LEARNING TRAINING MODULE ON ENERGY EFFICIENT INTEGRATED BUILDING DESIGN IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT A DISTANT-LEARNING TRAINING MODULE ON ENERGY EFFICIENT INTEGRATED BUILDING DESIGN IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT V.Geros 1, M.Santamouris 1, S. Amourgis 2, S. Medved 3, E. Milford 4 and K. Steemers 5 1. Group Building

More information

Solar Energy Utilisation in Buildings

Solar Energy Utilisation in Buildings Solar Energy Utilisation in Buildings P. Karava, PhD Assistant professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Western Ontario 2 Modern Buildings Change in architectural style

More information

Green BIM/ Early BIM/

Green BIM/ Early BIM/ Green BIM/ Early BIM/ Agenda/ Introduction to Sustainability Process Environmental Analysis Tools Environmental Analysis Relation to LOD Conclusion Disclaimer/ This seminar is looking at Building Performance

More information

ENERGY AND THERMAL ANALYSIS OF GLAZED OFFICE BUILDINGS USING A DYNAMIC ENERGY SIMULATION TOOL. Harris Poirazis 1, Åke Blomsterberg 1

ENERGY AND THERMAL ANALYSIS OF GLAZED OFFICE BUILDINGS USING A DYNAMIC ENERGY SIMULATION TOOL. Harris Poirazis 1, Åke Blomsterberg 1 Ninth International IBPSA Conference Montréal, Canada August 15-18, 2005 ENERGY AND THERMAL ANALYSIS OF GLAZED OFFICE BUILDINGS USING A DYNAMIC ENERGY SIMULATION TOOL Harris Poirazis 1, Åke Blomsterberg

More information

RESSÒ: energy efficiency urban rehabilitation

RESSÒ: energy efficiency urban rehabilitation RESSÒ: energy efficiency urban rehabilitation Authors: Bodelon, Carmen 1 ; Gascón, Eduardo 1 ; Ramon, Guillem 1 ; Obiols, Martí 1 ; Palomar, Pablo 1 ; Escoda, Quim 1 ; Prat, Sandra 1 ; Illa, Sergi 1 ;

More information

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF WATER-FLOW WINDOW GLAZING

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF WATER-FLOW WINDOW GLAZING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF WATER-FLOW WINDOW GLAZING LI CHUNYING DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG FEBRUARY 2012 CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG 香 港 城 市 大 學 Performance Evaluation of Water-flow

More information

Green Building Handbook for South Africa Chapter: Heating, Ventilation and Cooling Luke Osburn CSIR Built Environment

Green Building Handbook for South Africa Chapter: Heating, Ventilation and Cooling Luke Osburn CSIR Built Environment Green Building Handbook for South Africa Chapter: Heating, Ventilation and Cooling Luke Osburn CSIR Built Environment The heating, ventilation and cooling loads of typical commercial office space can range

More information

VENTILATIVE COOLING EBC ANNEX 62 PER HEISELBERG DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

VENTILATIVE COOLING EBC ANNEX 62 PER HEISELBERG DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING VENTILATIVE COOLING EBC ANNEX 62 PER HEISELBERG DEFINITION OF VENTILATIVE COOLING VENTILATIVE COOLING IS APPLICATION (DISTRIBUTION IN TIME AND SPACE) OF VENTILATION AIR FLOW TO REDUCE COOLING LOADS IN

More information

Systems Selection Enclosure Systems Material Selection Assessment and Mitigation

Systems Selection Enclosure Systems Material Selection Assessment and Mitigation Return to Curriculum Home CES Home Find an AIA/CES Registered Course Self Report a Learning Activity MATERIALS AND METHODS To develop professionally in Practice with a focus on sustainable design, you

More information

Norwegian Tax Authority - Oslo Norway

Norwegian Tax Authority - Oslo Norway 1. INTRODUCTION Norwegian Tax Authority - Oslo Norway PROJECT SUMMARY Year of construction - 1980 No previous energy renovations SPECIAL FEATURES Main topics in the renovation are: High insulated pre fabricated

More information

Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

More information

ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140-2004 Building Thermal Envelope and Fabric Load Tests

ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140-2004 Building Thermal Envelope and Fabric Load Tests ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140-2004 Building Thermal Envelope and Fabric Load Tests DesignBuilder Version 1.2.0 (incorporating EnergyPlus version 1.3.0) - June 2006 1.0 Purpose The ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140-2004

More information

Energy Savings in High-Rise Buildings Using High-Reflective Coatings

Energy Savings in High-Rise Buildings Using High-Reflective Coatings Energy Savings in High-Rise Buildings Using High-Reflective Coatings Executive Summary: Nevertheless, the simulation analyses showed that when designing a building for low energy consumption, even in cold

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

Solar Heating Basics. 2007 Page 1. a lot on the shape, colour, and texture of the surrounding

Solar Heating Basics. 2007 Page 1. a lot on the shape, colour, and texture of the surrounding 2007 Page 1 Solar Heating Basics Reflected radiation is solar energy received by collectorsfrom adjacent surfaces of the building or ground. It depends a lot on the shape, colour, and texture of the surrounding

More information

California Climate Zones

California Climate Zones The Pacific Energy Center s Guide to: California Climate Zones http://www.energy.ca.gov/maps/climate_zones.html and Bioclimatic Design October 2006 PEC s Guide to California Climate Zones This document

More information

Residential Energy Services Demand: Lisbon case study towards Net Zero Energy House

Residential Energy Services Demand: Lisbon case study towards Net Zero Energy House Residential Energy Services Demand: Lisbon case study towards Net Zero Energy House Abstract Technically, reaching Net Zero Energy House (NZEH) is no longer a too ambitious goal as most of the technologies

More information

Energy Efficient HVAC-system and Building Design

Energy Efficient HVAC-system and Building Design Energy Efficient HVAC-system and Building Design Maija Virta 1, Harri Itkonen 1, Panu Mustakallio 1, Risto Kosonen 1 1 Halton Oy, Finland Corresponding email: maija.virta@halton.com SUMMARY This paper

More information

Bring the fresh in. Dedicated Outside Air Systems

Bring the fresh in. Dedicated Outside Air Systems Bring the fresh in. Dedicated Outside Air Systems The inside story on outside air. On average, we breathe in 3,400 gallons of air each day. Ambient indoor air pollution is a major problem, affecting health

More information

Backa röd, Gothenburg, Sweden

Backa röd, Gothenburg, Sweden Backa röd, Gothenburg, Sweden Project summary Energy concept: To achieve a substantial reduction of the energy losses Background for the renovation reasons The technical status of the building was poor

More information

Diego Ibarra Christoph Reinhart Harvard Graduate School of Design

Diego Ibarra Christoph Reinhart Harvard Graduate School of Design Building Performance Simulation for Designers - Energy DesignBuilder // EnergyPlus Tutorial #3 Construction Assemblies, Load Reduction & Shading GEOMETRY LOADS RESULTS Diego Ibarra Christoph Reinhart Harvard

More information

Priority School Building Programme

Priority School Building Programme UPDATE Includes June 2013 changes to FOS Priority School Building Programme Making sense of the new Priority School Output Specification from the Education Funding Agency. How is the output specification

More information

HEATING-COOLING WALL PANELS SYSTEM IN SLOVENE ETHNOGRAPHIC MUSEUM

HEATING-COOLING WALL PANELS SYSTEM IN SLOVENE ETHNOGRAPHIC MUSEUM 01-147 The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference, HEATING-COOLING WALL PANELS SYSTEM IN SLOVENE ETHNOGRAPHIC MUSEUM Aleš KRAINER Prof. Dr. 1 Rudi Perdan 2 Gal Krainer 3 1 2 Faculty of Civil Engineering,

More information

CHAPTER 3. BUILDING THERMAL LOAD ESTIMATION

CHAPTER 3. BUILDING THERMAL LOAD ESTIMATION CHAPTER 3. BUILDING THERMAL LOAD ESTIMATION 3.1 Purpose of Thermal Load Estimation 3.2 Heating Load versus Cooling Load 3.3 Critical Conditions for Design 3.4 Manual versus Computer Calculations 3.5 Heating

More information

Building skin and energy efficiency in a hot climate with particular reference to Dubai, UAE

Building skin and energy efficiency in a hot climate with particular reference to Dubai, UAE Energy and Sustainability 287 Building skin and energy efficiency in a hot climate with particular reference to Dubai, UAE M. A. Haggag UAE University, United Arab Emirates Abstract The city of Dubai,

More information

Sustainable construction criteria to evaluate the thermal indoor climate - further development of the BNB assessment tool and practical implementation

Sustainable construction criteria to evaluate the thermal indoor climate - further development of the BNB assessment tool and practical implementation Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics IBP Directors Univ. Prof. Dr. Ing. Gerd Hauser Univ. Prof. Dr. Ing. Klaus Sedlbauer Holzkirchen Branch Fraunhoferstrasse 10 83626 Valley / Germany IBP-Abstract

More information

DESIGN OF NATURAL VENTILATION WITH CFD CHAPTER SEVEN. Qingyan Chen. difficult to understand and model, even for simple

DESIGN OF NATURAL VENTILATION WITH CFD CHAPTER SEVEN. Qingyan Chen. difficult to understand and model, even for simple CHAPTER SEVEN L. Glicksman and J. Lin (eds), Sustainable Urban Housing in China, 116-123 2006 Springer. Printed in the Netherlands. DESIGN OF NATURAL VENTILATION WITH CFD Qingyan Chen INTRODUCTION As the

More information

Norwegian Tax Authority - Oslo Norway. Arne Førland-Larsen

Norwegian Tax Authority - Oslo Norway. Arne Førland-Larsen Norwegian Tax Authority - Oslo Norway Arne Førland-Larsen Vienna 5 th of September 2012 Magma Center Tenerife foto Torben Eskerod 2 Fredrik Selmers vei 4 sett fra Strømsveien 3 Environmental goals Initially

More information

Delivering on innovation and market uptake. Best-in-cases of nzeb. Ramon Pascual Bucharest May 8th, 2015

Delivering on innovation and market uptake. Best-in-cases of nzeb. Ramon Pascual Bucharest May 8th, 2015 www.zebra2020.eu Delivering on innovation and market uptake. Best-in-cases of nzeb Ramon Pascual Bucharest May 8th, 2015 Outline nzeb Database Best in cases of nzeb Climates in Europe Preliminary results

More information

Passive & Active Design

Passive & Active Design Passive & Active Design CIBSE Building Simulations Group Peter A. Brown CEng, MBA October 2010 Introduction Passive & Active Design Introduction What are the interactions between passive and active design?

More information

The Sino-Italy Environment & Energy Building (SIEEB): A model for a new generation of sustainable buildings

The Sino-Italy Environment & Energy Building (SIEEB): A model for a new generation of sustainable buildings International Conference Passive and Low Energy Cooling 935 for the Built Environment, May 25, Santorini, Greece The Sino-Italy Environment & Energy Building (SIEEB): A model for a new generation of sustainable

More information

Building Energy Labels: The Swiss MINERGIE Label

Building Energy Labels: The Swiss MINERGIE Label Building Energy Labels: The Swiss MINERGIE Label Chennai, October 8 th, 2010 Heinrich Gugerli, Head Sustainable Building Group heinrich.gugerli@zuerich.ch www.stadt-zuerich.ch/nachhaltiges-bauen Energy

More information

EVALUATION OF HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT USING A METEOROLOGICAL APPROACH

EVALUATION OF HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT USING A METEOROLOGICAL APPROACH 3.4 EVALUATION OF HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT USING A METEOROLOGICAL APPROACH Yuka Horie *, Keiji Kimura and Toshihisa Honma Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan 1. INTRODUCTION Climate change issues their impact

More information

Ceiling Fans. 1 Introduction. V entilation I nformation P aper n 13

Ceiling Fans. 1 Introduction. V entilation I nformation P aper n 13 V entilation I nformation P aper n 13 October 2007 INIVE EEIG Operating Agent and Management Boulevard Poincaré 79 B-1060 Brussels Belgium inive@bbri.be - www.inive.org International Energy Agency Energy

More information

Dienstleistung. Certification as "Quality Approved Passive House" Criteria for Residential-Use Passive Houses

Dienstleistung. Certification as Quality Approved Passive House Criteria for Residential-Use Passive Houses Passiv Haus Institut Passivhaus Dienstleistung GmbH Dr. Wolfgang Feist Rheinstr. 44/46 Rheinstr. 44/46 D-64283 Darmstadt D-64283 Darmstadt www.passiv.de www.passivhaus-info.de Certification as "Quality

More information

Status and Priorities of Building Energy Efficiency in China Xudong Yang, Ph.D.

Status and Priorities of Building Energy Efficiency in China Xudong Yang, Ph.D. Status and Priorities of Building Energy Efficiency in China Xudong Yang, Ph.D. Chang-Jiang Professor and Deputy Director Institute of Built Environment, China Current situation of building energy consumption

More information

Efficient use of energy simulation in the early design phase

Efficient use of energy simulation in the early design phase The higher offices are not sufficiently cooled the first level offices are correctly cooled 600 W/m2 at 11h00 SOUTH facade Architectural and climatic control systems choices Efficient use of energy simulation

More information

Building Energy Codes 101 October 23, 2013. Matthew Giudice Building Policy Associate Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance

Building Energy Codes 101 October 23, 2013. Matthew Giudice Building Policy Associate Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Building Energy Codes 101 October 23, 2013 Matthew Giudice Building Policy Associate Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance OVERVIEW 1. Introduction 2. Energy Code Development 3. Adoption Process 4. Elements

More information

The importance of Software to calculate the ability of Architecture to reduce energy demand in buildings

The importance of Software to calculate the ability of Architecture to reduce energy demand in buildings The importance of Software to calculate the ability of Architecture to reduce energy demand in buildings Abstract: The directive 2010/31 /EU determines that after December 31, 2018, new buildings occupied

More information

Peer Review Guideline

Peer Review Guideline Peer Review Guideline Energy Equivalence for Housing in Queensland Contents 1. Background... 2 2. What is Peer Review?... 3 3. Application for Peer Review Assessment... 3 3.1 Submission process... 3 3.2

More information