GITEWS The German-Indonesian Tsunami Early-Warning System

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1 GITEWS The German-Indonesian Tsunami Early-Warning System

2 GITEWS-Partner National Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft deutscher Forschungszentren (HGF) GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ) Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI) Forschungszentrum Geesthacht (GKSS) Konsortium Deutsche Meeresforschung (KDM) Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften (IfM-GEOMAR), Kiel United Nations University (UNU) Institut für Umwelt & Menschliche Sicherheit (EHS), Bonn Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR)

3 Components of GITEWS (1) Real-Time Earthquake Monitoring Seismology: Location, magnitude, rupture process Deformationmeasurements by GPS (2) Real-Time Sea-Level Monitoring GPS-Buoys with ocean-bottom pressure sensor GPS-Tide Gauges (3) Tsunami Simulation (4) Early Warning and Mitigation Centers (5) Capacity Building

4 Organization Steering Committee Emmermann (GFZ), Hamacher (DLR), Thiede (AWI), Kaysser (GKSS), Herzig (KDM), Hoffmann (GTZ), Bogardi (UNU) Advisory Board Deuflhard (Konrad-Zuse- Zentrum), Harjes (U Bochum), Hartl (acatech), Schwaetzer (DKKV), Wefer (U Bremen) Project Management Lauterjung (GFZ), Sprecher Projekt- Gruppen Project-Groups Earthquake Monitoring Ocean Instrumentation GPS Technology Early Warning and Mitigation Centre Tsunami Modelling Capacity Building Zschau (GFZ) Flueh (IfM) Rothacher (GFZ) Dech (DLR) Schröter (AWI) Schaef (GTZ) Schlurmann (UNU)

5 Challenge Indonesia: Early Warning Times extremely short Tsunami travel times from trench (orange line) to coast line (yellow line): Minuten

6 Distribution of seismic stations in Indonesia (German contribution)

7 International seismic Network - Indonesia

8 Detection of the seismic rupture process using seismic arrays

9 GPS Shield Concept Control Station at Sumatra GPS Baselines at the Islands

10 Tide Gauges

11

12 Distribution Tide Gauges in Indonesia (German contribution) Tide gauges Seismic Stations

13 Tsunami Buoy System Tsunami Buoy GPS-Antenna Communikation Windgenerator Meteorological Instruments Ocean Bottom Unit Acustic Modem Pressure Sensor Ocean Bottom Seismometer

14

15 Distribution Buoy Systems in Indonesia (German Contribution) Buoy Systems Tide gauges Seismic Stations

16

17

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19 Early Warning and Mitigation Centre Seismic and GPS Tide Gauges OBU (pressure, seismic) Buoys EO Data Decision support at EWMC (BMG) Matching of scenarios, continuous refinement of warning processes Determination of risk areas Selection of evacuation support products Rapid mapping with Geospatial- and EO-data Local authorities, Bakornas, Kominfo, Lipi, etc. Continuous data stream Periodical data stream Post-event data stream Event-triggered data stream Warning dossier Disaster Management

20 EWMS functional overview Seismogram Display EO Images (incl.meteo) Display EWMS Sea Level Display GPS Display signal data command GEOFON change mode (normal or tsunami) Seismic System Geofon GPS Land Based System signal data command land station change mode (normal or tsunami) catalogue queries data request EO System Buoys/OBU System height wave length command buoy change mode (normal or tsunami) EO images (satellite) Simulation System Tide Gauge System sea level command gauge change mode (normal or tsunami)

21 EWMS functional overview

22 Simulation System

23 Bathymetry

24 Bathymetry

25 Vulnerability analysis and risk assessment Joint Indonesian-German working group Workshop, Aug. 2006, Bandung Mapping the city of Padang based on high-resolution satellite data

26 Risk & vulnerability assessment Coastal Elevation Zoning Major Road Net Identification of infractructure and its degree of exposure (e.g. Padang) Official and Public Buildings

27 Capacity Building Academic programme & Technical work shops Training of scientist and engineers during installation phase ( Training on the job ), Workshop planned for Spring 2006, eight PhD positions for applicants from IORC ( sandwich programme ), Scientists exchange has started Consultancy to organizational structures and inter-institutional communication (government at different levels) Advices for planning and construction of new infrastructures, establishing of communication platforms and chains Establishment of warning mechanisms within three pilot regions GTZ staff in charge in Indonesia since summer 2006, training for last mile actions in Padang, South Java & Kuta/Sanur (Bali)

28 Training and Capacity Building Training Course Seismology, Data Analysis and Tsunami Detection 29 Jan 18 Feb 2007 in Jakarta Organized by: GFZ Potsdam, BMG Jakarta and USGS 30 Paticipants PhD-Program with 9 Scholarships for 3 years at german research institutions started this year Participants from Indonesia, Malaysia, Madagascar Post-Doc Programe for the exchange of Scientists (2-4 Months) started

29 Seismology, Data Analysis and Tsunami Detection 29 Jan 18 Feb 2007 in Jakarta

30 International GNSS-Altimetry Activities German activities are realized under UNESCO s umbrella IOC : Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission ICG: Intergovernmental Coordination Group Intersessional Working Groups: 1: Seismic measurements, data collection, and exchange 2: Sea level data collection and exchange, including deep-ocean tsunami detection instruments 3: Risk Assessment 4: Modelling, Forecasting, and Scenario Development 5: The Establishment of a System of Interoperable Advisory and Warning Centres 6: Mitigation and Emergency Management (NEW!) Involvement into EC/EU activities as well as in NEAMTWS (IOC)

31 International Cooperation Yemen Sri Lanka Kenia Tanzania Maldives Indonesia South Africa Australia

32 GPS GLONASS GALILEO Satelliten constellation as component of a future Multi Hazard Early Warning System

33 End-to-end System Approach Enduser Authorities EWMC Warning Message Radio Station Private Houses Hotels 2wcom System based on existing FM broadcast infrastructure Using the RDS-channel for warning System tested successfully in Bali

34 End Thank you Terima kasih Website: Funding by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) is gratefully acknowledged

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