1 BUSSW APA Style Guide A Summary of Basic Formatting, In-text Citations and Forms for the Reference List Prepared by BUSSW Writing Support Services
2 2 Table of Contents USING THE BUSSW STYLE GUIDE...3 BASIC FORMATTING...4 A SUMMARY OF APA GUIDELINES FOR CITATIONS IN WRITING...6 CITING REFERENCES IN TEXT...7 FORMS FOR THE REFERENCE LIST...13 Print Sources...14 Electronic Sources...19 REFERENCES...26
3 3 Using the BUSSW APA Style Guide Writing papers at BUSSW requires that students use the American Psychological Association (APA) style guidelines as contained in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). In addition to rules regarding the citation of sources, the APA Manual contains information on general writing style, grammar, and APA editorial style. The BUSSW APA Style Guide is based on the APA Publication Manual but contains only a summary of the basic elements of formatting papers and citing sources. It is intended to provide students with a quick and easy reference to APA style guidelines that are used for writing most student papers. Professors may have additional requirements or may vary the APA Guidelines to suit the assignment. Although the Guide includes examples of the most common kinds of references used at the BUSSW, occasionally you may need to use a source for which this summary does not provide a specific example. In such a case, choose an example that is most like your source, and follow the format. When in doubt, provide more information rather than less. Most print entries will include the following elements: author, year of publication, title and publication dates. References for electronic sources require a URL or DOI. The Writing Fellow is available as a resource for additional APA information and for assistance with all aspects of academic writing. Help is also available online. Link to APA Link to Online Writing Lab (OWL) For help with APA style and other specific writing problems, there are handouts and practice exercises available at OWL:
4 4 Basic Formatting Typeface Times New Roman with 12-point font size is standard (APA, 2010, p. 228). Professors vary in their preference and the leeway they give, so do ask, however. Margins Leave uniform margins of at least 1 in. at the top, bottom, left, and right of each page (p. 229). Alignment Use the flush-left style, and leave the right margin uneven or ragged (p. 229). Line Spacing Double-space between all text lines. Double space after every line in the title, headings, quotations, and references (p. 229). Spacing with punctuation Space once after colons, commas, semicolons, after periods that separate parts of a reference citation, and after periods of the initials of personal names (e.g., S. R. Demon). Do not space after internal periods in abbreviations (e.g., a.m., i.e.). Space twice after all periods at the end of a sentence (pp ). Paragraphs and indentation Indent the first line of every paragraph (p. 229). Page headers and pagination Include a page header at the top of every page. To create a page header, insert page numbers flush right. Then type TITLE OF YOUR PAPER in the header flush left. All pages should be numbered, beginning with title page.
5 5 Title page and page headers Follow professor s directions for title page. Student papers will not usually contain all components of a title page: title of the paper, author s name, and the institutional affiliate. However, if required, the page header after the title page should look like this: Running head: TITLE OF YOUR PAPER (Title page, reference list, and tables and figures generally do not count in terms of page length). Headings Headings define your organizational structure, and levels of headings establish the hierarchy of sections via format or appearance (APA, 2010, p. 62). APA heading style contains five possible formatting arrangements, according to the number of levels of subordination, beginning with level 1 in a top-down progression. As you would in an outline, avoid having only one subsection within a section. Use at least two subsection headings within any given section, or use none. Do not number label headings with numbers or letters. The five levels of headings are illustrated below: Level of heading Format 1 Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading 2 Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading 3 Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. 4 Indented, boldface italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. 5 Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.
6 6 A SUMMARY OF APA GUIDELINES FOR CITATIONS IN WRITING When you cite or quote specific ideas or wording in your papers, you will use the APA citation style. The APA guidelines are found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th edition. The Manual is widely available in the reference rooms of libraries and in bookstores. Most papers in the field of social work are written in APA style. Usage of the APA style varies according to the university, academic division, and instructor. Only examples of citation in the text of your paper and forms for the reference list are included in the following summary. You should consult the Manual or the writing tutor if this brief summary is insufficient and for other elements of APA style. Your papers should be doublespaced using normal sized fonts (letters) no matter what the spacing and sizing are in the following examples.
7 7 Citing references in text Summary or Paraphrase If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number (although it is not required). Quotations Material quoted from a written work or the actual words of interview respondents should be reproduced word for word. You may change the capitalization of the first word and the last punctuation mark to fit the context of your paper. A short quotation (fewer than 40 words) should be incorporated into the text and enclosed in quotation marks. A quotation of more than 40 words should be displayed in a freestanding block of double spaced lines without quotations marks. The whole block quotation should be indented five spaces from the left margin. If any part of the passage is indented in the original, it should be indented an additional five spaces in the block. A. The author speculated that negative exemplars within the self-concept are more confidently known than affirmative exemplars (Brinthraup, 1983, p. 52). B. Dykens and Gerrard (1986) concluded that the psychological profile of bulimics and repeat dieters is similar: It appears that both repeat dieters and bulimics can be characterized as having low selfesteem and external loss of control. This profile supports suggestions from case studies that women with eating disorders suffer from feelings of ineffectiveness and lack of control over life decisions. (p. 288) Notice that in example A above, a space follows the comma after the author and after the publication year.
8 8 Notice that the specific placement of the ending period is different in the unblocked and in the blocked examples. If there is any incorrect spelling, punctuation, or grammar in the source that might confuse readers, insert the word sic, underlined and bracketed (i.e., [sic]) immediately after the error in the quotation. Use three ellipsis points (...) [with a space in between each point] within a sentence to indicate that you have omitted material from the original source. Add an additional point (period) if omitted material is at the end of the sentence. Use brackets, not parentheses, to enclose material (additions or explanations) inserted in a quotation by some person other than the original author. If you want to emphasize a word or words in a quotation, italicize the word or words. Directly after the italicize words, insert the words italics added within brackets, that is, [italics added ]. Use double quotation marks to enclose any quoted material within a block quotation and single quotation marks within double quotation marks to set off material that in the original source was enclosed in double quotation marks. Many electronic sources do not provide page numbers. If paragraph numbers are visible, use them in place of page numbers. Use the symbol or the abbreviation para.
9 9 Examples of citations in text One work by one author A. Baker (1990) explained how doing research in a logical and methodical manner is key to successful writing in graduate school. B. The importance of doing research in a logical and methodical manner is key to successfully writing in graduate school (Baker, 1990). When there is no possibility for confusion with another work referenced, there is no need to include the year of publication for subsequent references to the same source. Thus: C. Baker continues to develop a plan for One work by two authors A. The four types of educational philosophy as outlined by Ryan and Cooper (1988)... B. The four types of educational philosophy (Ryan & Cooper, 1998)... Notice the use of & inside the parentheses. One work by multiple authors A. Diaz-Guerrero, Reyes-Lagunes, Witzke, and Holtzman (1976) investigated the effects of television in a different culture. B. The effects of television among the Mexican preschool children were studied (Diaz-Guerreo, Reyes-Lagunes, Witzke, & Holtzman, 1976). For second and subsequent citations of a source with three or more authors, the term et al. may be used to minimize disruption in the reading process and to save time and space. A. The findings of Diaz-Guerrero et al. (1976) support this conclusion.
10 10 B. The findings of recent research on the effects of television (Diaz-Guerrero et al., 1976) support this conclusion. Combined citations A. The progressive philosophy, as described by Dewey (1992) and Ryan and Cooper (1992) would demand that... B. The progressive philosophy (Dewey, 1992; Ryan & Cooper, 1992) would demand that Notice that the sources in combined citations are listed in alphabetical order. If in parentheses, the sources are separated by a semicolon, not by and. Corporate authors A. First text citation: (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 1981) B. Subsequent text citations: (NIMH, 1981) No author given A. The article Too Many Patients (1980) showed that the media have discovered the plight of hospital administrators, but it also demonstrates that policy workers have not offered any viable solutions to the many problems. B. The media have discovered the plight of hospitals administrators ( Too Many Patients, 1980), but policy makers have not offered any viable solutions to the new problems. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a periodical, book, brochure, or report.
11 11 Specific parts of a source To cite a specific part of a source, indicate the page, chapter, figure, or table at the appropriate point in the text. Always give page numbers for quotations. A. Postulates 1 and 2 (Hull, 1943, p. 47) specify the neural effects of external stimuli. B. Postulates 1 and 2 specify the neural effects of external stimuli (Hull, 1943, p. 47). Work discussed in secondary source Give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Seidenberg and McClelland s work is cited in Colheart et al. and you did not read the work cited, list the Colheart et al. reference in the References. In the text, use the following citation: Text citation: Seidenberg and McClelland s study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller, 1993)... Reference list entry: Coltheart, M., Curtis B., Atkins P., & Haller, M. (1993). Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological Review, 100, Personal communications In APA style all works cited in the text of your paper (except personal communications) are included in the reference list, and only works cited in the text of your paper are included in the reference list. Unlike a bibliography, the reference list does not contain sources which are not cited in the text. Personal communications may be letters, memos, some electronic communication (e.g. , bulletin boards, discussion groups), telephone conversations, and the like.
12 12 A. K. W. Smith (personal communication, February 25, 1997) stated that the emphasis was on personal relationships with the children It s the kids who count around here. B. The emphasis is on personal relationships with children It s the kids who count around here. (K. W. Smith, personal communication, February 25, 1997). Because they do not provide recoverable data, personal communications are not included in the reference list.
13 13 Forms for the reference list: General guidelines The reference list should follow the text of the paper and should be arranged in alphabetical order under the heading References (no italics, no bold, upper case R only). Alphabetize by the following: a) the last name of the author or editor, OR b) the last name of the first author/editor, as listed on a title page with more than one author/editor (Do not re-arrange original listing.), c) the first significant word in the name of an association that may have corporate authors or that may also be the publisher, d) the first important word in a title such as, Course below if no author is given or when a source is staff-produced. Thus: Course outline: Differential social work with groups CP 760. (2009). Boston: Boston University School of Social Work. e) The first letter of a pre-fixed name that is, the name the author is probably known by, so: D DeVries precedes H von Hentig f) The Mac before Mc names then ordered by the following capital letter of the name, thus: MacArthur, MacNeil, McGhee. g) One-author entries by the same author are arranged by year of publication, the earliest first.
14 14 Book, one author Examples of forms for the reference list: Print sources Bernstein, T. M. (1965). The careful writer: A modern guide to English usage. New York: Atheneum. Notice: The first line of the reference is set to the left margin and subsequent lines are indented. The last name comes first; initials are used for first and middle names. The year of publication is placed in parentheses. In a title, only the first word and the first word following a colon are capitalized unless they are proper nouns or adjectives. The title of the book is italicized. Periods follow the author s initials, the publication date, the title, and the publisher s name. Page numbers are not included, unless the source is part of a collection. Spacing, shown by asterisks: Bernstein,*T.*M.*(1965).*The*careful*writer:*A*modern*guide*to* English*usage.*New*York:*Antheneum. Book, two authors Strunk, W. Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan. Book, more than two authors Ivey, A. E., Ivey, M. B., & Simek-Morgan, L. (1980). Counseling and psychotherapy: A multicultural perspective. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Book, corporate author, author as publisher American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3 rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Alphabetize corporate authors by the first significant word of the name. When the author and publisher are identical, use the word Author as the name of the publisher.
15 15 Book, no author or editor Merriam-Webster s collegiate dictionary (10 th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Edited book Merriam-Webster. McGoldrick, M., Pearce, J. K., & Giordana, J. (Eds). (1982). Ethnicity and family therapy. New York: Guilford Press. Article or chapter in an edited book Hartley, J. T., Harker, J. O., & Walsh, D. A. (1980). Contemporary issues and new directions in adult development in adult learning and memory. In L. W. Poon (Ed.), Aging in the 1980s: Psychological issues (pp ). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Journal article Saywitz, K. J., Mannarino, A. P., & Berliner, L. (2000). Treatment for sexually abused children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 55(2), Notice: The title of the article is not italicized, but the name and the volume of the journal are. The issue number is placed in parentheses after the volume if the pages start with 1 in each issue. If the page numbers are carried over from issue to issue for the whole publication year, the issue number is unnecessary. Newspaper article, discontinuous pages Lubin, J. S. (1980, December 5). On idle: The unemployed shun much mundane work, at least for a while. The Wall Street Journal, pp. 1, 25. Newspaper article, no author Study finds free care used more. (1982, April). APA Monitor, p. 14. Use similar form for unsigned magazine article.
16 16 Report from a private organization Task Force on Teaching as a Profession. (1986). A nation prepared: Teachers for the 21 st century. New York: Carnegie Forum on Education and the Economy. Government document U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1989). Statistical abstract of the United States (109 th ed.). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Government report not available from GPO or a document deposit service such as the NTIS or ERIC U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1992). Pressure ulcers in adults: Prediction and prevention (AHCPR Publication No ). Rockville, MD: Author.
17 17 Conference paper Brener, J. (1979, October). Energy, information, and the control of heart rate. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Cincinnati, OH. Same author, same year Cuban, L. (1988a). A fundamental puzzle of social reform. Phi Delta Kappan, 69, Cuban, L. (1988b). Why do some reforms persist? Educational Administration Quarterly, 24,
18 18 Legal Materials Statutes Sample reference to a statute Mental Health Systems Act, 42 U.S.C (1998). Text Citation: Mental Health Systems Act (1988) Mental Health Systems Act of 1988 Sample reference to a statute in a state code Mental Care and Treatment Act, 4 Kan. Stat. Ann (1983 & Supp. 1992). Legislative Materials Form for enacted federal bills and resolutions (as recorded in the Congressional Record) Reference list entry: S. Res. 107, 103d Cong., 139 Cong., Rec (1993) (enacted). Text citation: Senate Resolution 107 (1993) (S. Res. 107, 1993)
19 19 Forms for the reference list: Electronic sources The general forms of citing and referencing Internet sources are similar to those of print services. APA recommends that you include the same elements, in the same order, as you would for a reference to a fixed-media source and as much electronic retrieval information as needed for others to locate the sources you cited. 1. Direct readers as closely as possible to the information being cited-whenever possible, reference specific documents rather than home or menu pages. 2. Provide addresses that work. At a minimum, a reference of an Internet source should provide a document title or description, a date (either the date of publication or update), and an address. In Internet terms, an address will be a uniform resource locator (URL) or, if given, a digital object identifier (DOI). Whenever possible, identify the authors of a document as well. The URL The components of a URL are as follows: Protocol Host name Path to document File name of specific document / monitor/oct00/workplace.html The DOI System Because all content on the Internet can be moved, restructured, or deleted, URLs are sometimes rendered nonworking. The DOI System has been developed in order to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. When a DOI is used, no further retrieval information is needed to identify or locate the content. APA recommends that when DOIs are available, you include them for both print and electronic sources. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice. All DOI numbers begin with a 10 and contain a prefix and a suffix separated by a slash.
20 20 Examples of forms for the reference list: Electronic sources Internet article based on a print source Often, online publications are exact duplicates of those in print version. If this is the case, the same basic primary source reference can be used, but if you have viewed the source only in the electronic form, you should add brackets [Electronic version] as in the following example: VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, Article in an Internet only newsletter Gluekauf, R. L., Whitton, J., Kain, J. Vogelesang, S., & Hudson, M. (1998, July). Videocounseling for families of rural teens with epilepsy-project update. Telehealth News, 2(2). Retrieved from Use the complete publication date given on the article. Note that there are no page numbers. In an Internet periodical, volume and issue numbers often are not relevant. If they are not used, the name of the periodical is all that can be provided in the reference. Whenever possible, the URL should link directly to the article. Do not insert a hyphen if you need to break a URL across lines; instead, break the URL before most punctuation (an exception would be Do not add a period after the URL at the end of the reference. Multipage document created by a private organization, no date Greater New Milford (Ct) Area Healthy Community 200, Task Force on Teen and Adolescent Issues. (n.d.). Who has time for a family meal? You do! Retrieved from
21 21 When an Internet document comprises multiple pages (i.e. different sections have different URLs), provide a URL that links to the home (or entry) page for the document Use n.d. (no date) when a publication date is not available Journal article with DOI Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, doi: / Journal article without DOI (when DOI is not available) Sillick. T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), Retrieved from Online magazine article Clay, R. (2008, June). Science vs. ideology. Psychologists fight back about the misuse of research. Monitor on Psychology, 39(6). Retrieved from Online newspaper article Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from Electronic version of print book Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency [DX Reader version]. Retrieved from
22 22 Schiraldi. G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. Doi: / Electronic version of book chapter in a volume in a series Strong, E. K., Jr., & Uhrbrock, R. S. (1923). Bibliography on job analysis. In L. Outhwaite (Series Ed.), Personnel Research Series: Vol. 1. Job analysis and the curriculum (pp ). Doi: / Stand-alone document, no author identified, no date GVU s 8 th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved from If the author of a document is not identified, begin the reference with the title of the document. Corporate author, government report U. S Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.(2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication No ). Retrieved from Corporate author, task force report filed online American Psychological Association. Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. (2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. Retrieved from
23 23 Authored report, from nongovernmental organization Kessy, S. S. A., & Urio, F. M. (2006). The contribution of microfinance institutions to poverty reduction in Tanzania (Research Report No. 06.3). Retrieved from Research on Poverty Alleviation website: Reports/06.3_Kessy_and_Urio.pdf Document available on university program or department Web site. Chou, L., McClintock, R., Moretti, F., & Nix, D. H. (1993). Technology and education: New wine in new bottles: Choosing pasts and imagining educational futures. Retrieved from Columbia University, Institute for Learning Technologies Web site: publications/papers/newwine1.html If a document is contained within a large and complex Web site (such as that for a university or a government agency), identify the host organization and the relevant program or department before giving the URL for the document itself. Precede the URL with a colon. Doctoral dissertation, from an institutional database Adams, R. J. (1973). Building a foundation of instruction in higher education and continuing education (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Doctoral dissertation, from the web Bruckman, A. (1997). MOOSE Crossing: Construction, community, and learning in a networked virtual world for kids (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Retrieved from
24 24 U.S. government report available on government agency Web site, no publication date indicated United States Sentencing Commission. (n.d.) sourcebook of federal sentencing statistics. Retrieved from annrpt/1997/ sbtoc97.htm Report from a private organization, available on organization Web site Canarie, Inc. (1997, September 27). Towards a Canadian health IWAY: Vision, opportunities and future steps. Retrieved from Electronic copy of a journal article, three to five authors, retrieved from a database Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, Retrieved from PsycARTICLES database. Daily newspaper article, electronic version available by search Hilts, P. J. (1999, February 16). In forecasting their emotions, most people flunk out. New York Times. Retrieved from Data file, available from government agency National Health Interview Survey-Current health topics: 1991-Longitudinal study of aging (Version 4) [Data file]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. In brackets at the end of the title (before the period), give a description of the material (e.g., Data file).
25 25 Data file, available from NTIS Web site Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. (1991). National Health Provider Inventory: Home health agencies and hospices, 1991 [Data file]. Available from National Technical Information Service Web site, Use available from to indicate that the URL leads to information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself. Map retrieved online Lewis County Geographic Information Services (Cartographer). (2002). Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from - dens_2000.pdf Podcast Van Nuys, D. (producer). 2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from Video American Psychological Association. (Producer). (2000). Responding therapeutically to patient expressions of sexual attraction [DVD]. Available from Data set Pew Hispanic Center. (2004). Changing channels and crisscrossing cultures: A survery of Latinos on the news media [Data file and code book]. Retrieved from
26 26 References American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author
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APA FORMATTING AND STYLE GUIDE THE BASICS APA stands for American Psychologial Assocation, and the style is one of many in the academic world used to regulate the language, procedures and formatting of
SAMPLE TURABIAN STYLE PAPER John Doe History 2010 Dr. Johnson July 11, 2014 Doe 1 The Turabian style sample essay has been prepared to help answer some of the questions and problems that you may have when
Basic APA Format Depending on which field or academic discipline you choose, you will use a different format for your papers. The American Psychological Association (APA) format is generally used for behavioral
This is an APA style guide for the most commonly used citation formats. Examples are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. IN-TEXT CITATIONS Anonymous or unknown author: (Short Title, year,
1 A Guide to Referencing Using APA Style Based on the 6 th Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Updated September 2012 2 Contents Section 1: Aspects of referencing
APA Style and Formatting Explained January 31, 2012 1 Table of Contents Overview... 2 In-text Citations... 3 Citing a Paraphrase Examples... 4 Citing Quotations Examples... 5 The Reference List General
7/4/2003 APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION) CITATION STYLE GUIDE This guide provides examples of citations you might use in research papers following the APA standard. Explanations and formats are
Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report Research articles in psychology follow a specific format as set forth by the American Psychological Association (APA Style). The following sections describe
UTT LIBRARIES APA STYLE FORMATTING A Brief Guide Revised October 2010 UTT LIBRARIES 2 BRIEF GUIDE TO FORMATTING A RESEARCH PAPER USING THE APA STYLE As part of the course requirements at tertiary level,
APA Style of Referencing (6 th Edition) I. Tips for citing accurately and efficiently II. Creating the reference page A. Formatting B. What sources to include C. What information to include for each source
Example Paper 1 Running head: EXAMPLE PAPER FOR GRADING APA Example Paper for the Writing and Grading of Students Papers in the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Norm Stradleigh Course Information
APA Style Formatting and Style Guide APA? APA- American Psychological Association originated in 1929 Group of psychologist, anthropologist, and business managers convened and sough to establish a simple
Citing and Crediting your Sources using the APA Style Indian River State College Libraries APA Tutorial http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx Literacy Education Online http://leo.stcloudstate.edu
Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1 To center a line in Microsoft Word, select Format Paragraph from the Microsoft Word menu bar. Then, on the Indents and Spacing tab, choose Centered from the drop-down list
Guide to Citing Sources in APA Format 6th Edition Help A tutorial on the basics of APA style: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx A tutorial on changes in the 6 th edition: http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/whatsnew/index.htm
APA A G A Guidelines for Citing Electronic Sources Centennial Library Cedarville University User Guide Electronic sources include articles from aggregated databases, online journal articles, web sites,
DEPARTMENT OF LEADERSHIP STUDIES DISSERTATION FORMATTING The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, sixth edition (American Psychological Association, 2010, ISBN # 1-4338-0561-8),
Turabian 8 th Edition Beulah Heights University Writing Lab Disclosure! Instructions are for Microsoft Word 2010 & 2013! Follow the general format! Consult the instructor! Consult the 8 th edition Turabian
APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates 1 Why Cite? Whenever you report something that you have read, you have an ethical and a practical responsibility to cite where you
University of North Alabama INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE Cayla Buttram David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. January 2013 INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE 2 Contents Elements of
Running head: 50 CHARACTER VERSION OF TITLE IN CAPS 1 Title of Paper (up to 12 words) Your Name, Including Middle Initial School 50 CHARACTER VERSION OF TITLE IN CAPS 2 Abstract A concise summary of each
APA FORMATTING RESOURCES FOR WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS www.apastyle.org Do not use Owl/Purdue for APA resource Using APA style formatting for written assignments in the nursing field is the accepted method of
SPRING 2010 1 Hamilton College Communication Department APA (6 th edition) Quick Guide 1 This guide covers the core elements of APA style; it is not comprehensive. Not all variations of citation and reference
APA Styles: Formatting and Editorial Styles APA Formatting: Parts of an APA Style Paper Title page with Author Note Abstract page Body of paper with Introduction Method Results Discussion References Tables
Basic Formatting 1 Basic Formatting of a Microsoft Word Document for Word 2003 and 2007 Center for Writing Excellence Updated April 2009 Basic Formatting 2 Table of Contents GENERAL FORMATTING INFORMATION...
MLA Formatting in MS Word 2010 / 2011 Learn to format a research paper in MLA style using Microsoft Word 2010 for PC and 2011 for Mac. Program Version and Resources for Guide All the recommended formatting
THIS IS THE RUNNING HEAD IN UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 1 (The running head is what gets printed across the top of journal pages. The 50 characters include spaces. It usually contains as much as the title that
APA Style: The Basics Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr., Dr. Kat Richards, Ms. Katie Sanders, Mr. Ash Taylor, Ms. Cayla Buttram Center for Writing Excellence University of North Alabama June 2013 Citation & Documentation
1 Submission Checklist Spell Check Omit Author Information Optional Media File Run a final spell check with proofing language set to English (US) before submitting! Delete author identification from the
General APA Guidelines Essay Formatting: APA, Chicago, MLA Your essay should be typed, double-spaced with 1" margins on 8.5" x 11" paper. The preferred typeface is Times New Roman, with a 12-point font
7 th Edition MLA Handbook University of Akron Wayne College Smucker Learning Center MLA HANDOUT FOR WAYNE COLLEGE STUDENTS This handout is designed to assist students in documenting research papers using
Running head: NEUROSCIENCE TERM PAPER 1 Format, Style, and Suggested Topics for Neuroscience Term Paper W. Jeffrey Wilson Albion College NEUROSCIENCE TERM PAPER 2 Abstract A term paper on any topic concerning
Running head: A VERY CORRECT APA STYLE PAPER 1 Comment [MSOffice1]: The running head is a short title for the paper placed at the left margin. Each letter of the running head is capitalized. The number
Running head: INTERNET AND DISTANCE ED 1 In the top half of the page, centered and double-spaced, include: title of the paper, your first and last name, course number and name, instructor name, and date
Punctuation in Academic Writing Academic punctuation presentation/ Defining your terms practice Choose one of the things below and work together to describe its form and uses in as much detail as possible,
1 Running head: CRASH COURSE IN APA STYLE Comment [A1]: The label running head only appears on the title page; all caps are used for the shortened version of the title. Crash Course in APA Style: Documentation
Academic Success Centre Room 10-2584 250-960-6367 www.unbc.ca/asc American Psychological Association (APA) Style 6 th Ed. APA style is very explicit and methodical, and provides guidelines for a variety
The Psychology Lab Checklist By: Danielle Sclafani 08 and Stephanie Anglin 10; Updated by: Rebecca Behrens 11 1. Title Page My title is informative, mentioning both the independent and dependent variable(s).
@ the ASC Developed for the DeVry Addison Academic Success Center Room 221, 630 652 8365 http://www.add.devry.edu/academic_success_center.html A.P.A. 6 th Ed. Sourcing Guide In Text Citations and the References
1 BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES This guide is intended to assist you with APA Style and Format for citing references in text and in your reference list. It is also meant to point you to the relevant
APA title page format requirements: APA Title Page A header appears on every page. The words Running head only appear on the first page. To insert the header into your paper, select insert then page number,
Delaware Tech Libraries APA CITATION STYLE GUIDE (Revised, 6 th edition) Citing references for a Reference list The purpose of citing sources is to give credit to the author and make it possible for the
LastName-1 University College Format and Style Requirements This document addresses the University College format and style requirements for writing assignments across the undergraduate and graduate curriculum.
A QUICK GUIDE TO FORMAT AND CITATIONS Introduction This Quick Guide contains information about specific formatting guidelines for EdD course papers and the dissertation. It is a summary of the most frequently
RBC Library APA Style Guide Revised May 2010 The following guide was developed to assist students with the APA style guide. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) is