# DESCRIBING MATERIALS

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1 DESCRIBING MATERIALS Describe the properties of each of these materials. rock water air

2 SORTING MATTER solids liquids gases unsure

3 SORTING MATTER Sort the matter into solids, liquids, and gases solids liquids gases What are the properties of solids? What are the properties of liquids? What are the properties of gases?

4 STATES OF MATTER DATA TABLE STATE OF MATTER PROPERTIES SHAPE Does it stay the same or change? SPACE (volume) Does it stay the same or change? EXAMPLE Glue, write or draw an example. Support your thinking with EVIDENCE about SHAPE and SPACE (volume). EXAMPLE Glue, write or draw an example. Support your thinking with EVIDENCE about SHAPE and SPACE (volume). GAS LIQUID SOLID

5 OBJECTS OF MATTER 1. All of the objects to the right are made of matter. water mud air cloud 2. Cut them out. 3. Sort them into the three different states: gas, liquid, solid. 4. Choose two from each state to glue into your data table. balloon pencil soccer ball ice cube rock rain jello earth hail steam silly putty seed

6 STATES OF MATTER SORT GAS LIQUID SOLID

7 STATES OF MATTER SORT GAS LIQUID SOLID ANSWER KEY

8 STATES OF MATTER CONCLUSIONS The shape of a gas and the space (volume) of a gas. Two examples of gases are and. The shape of a liquid, but the space (volume) of a liquid. Two examples of liquids are and. The shape of a solid and the space (volume) of a solid. Two examples of solids are and. COMPARISONS Gases and liquids, but solids. Liquids and solids, but gases. Gases, liquids and solids.

9 STATES OF MATTER DATA TABLE STATE OF MATTER GAS LIQUID SOLID PROPERTIES SHAPE Does it stay the same or change? change When you put a gas in a container, it changes shape. change When you put a liquid in a container, it changes shape. same When you put a solid in a container, it does NOT change shape. SPACE (volume) Does it stay the same or change? change When you put a gas in a container, it changes the amount space (volume). same When you put a liquid in a container, it takes up the same amount of space (volume). same When you put a solid in a container, it takes up the same amount of space (volume). EXAMPLE Glue, write or draw an example. Support your thinking with EVIDENCE about SHAPE and SPACE (volume). Steam is a gas because it changes shape as it goes up and takes up as much space as it is in. Water is a liquid because it changes shape when you pour it in a glass, but it has the same amount of space or volume no matter which container you put it in. Ice is a solid because it has the same shape, and it takes up the same amount of space or volume when you put in a glass. EXAMPLE Glue, write or draw an example. Support your thinking with EVIDENCE about SHAPE and SPACE (volume). ANSWER KEY changes shape changes space (volume) changes shape space (volume) stays the same shape stays the same space (volume) stays the same

10 CONCLUSIONS STATES OF MATTER The shape of a gas changes and the space (volume) of a gas. changes Two examples of gases are and. changes stays the same The shape of a liquid, but the space (volume) of a liquid. ANSWER Two examples of liquids are and. The shape of a solid stays the same stays the same and the space (volume) of a solid. Two examples of solids are and. COMPARISONS KEY Gases and liquids, change shape don t change shape but solids. Liquids and solids, don t change space (volume) change space (volume) but gases. Gases, liquids and solids.

11 liquids VENN DIAGRAM solids gases

12 WORD BANK word definition picture/example matter state solid liquid gas

13 States of Matter Almost everything you see is made of matter. Matter is the stuff that most things are made of. Matter comes in three states: solids, liquids and gases. One state of matter is solid. One property of a solid is that it has a definite shape. They also take up a specific amount of space. If they are put into a different container, they stay the same shape and take up the same amount of space. Solids can be hard like rocks, sticks and nails. They can also be soft life felt, sponges, and pillows. Regardless, they will keep their shape and the amount of space they occupy. Some solids are tiny particles. Sand, sugar, and salt are solid matter. Even though they can be poured, each particle is hard, keeps its shape and and always takes up the same amount of space. When you pour a solid made of little particles, it makes a pile. Another state of matter is liquid. One property of a liquid is that it can change shape. If you put a liquid into a different container, it will become the shape of the container. This is because liquids flow and can be poured. When you pour a liquid, it spreads out. Liquids do not have a shape of their own. The amount of liquid does not change, just the shape. Liquids always take up the same amount of space. Finally, matter can be in the state of a gas. Most gases are difficult to see and feel. They have no shape and will fill any container. They spread out and take up as much space at they can fill. If you found something made of matter, how could you figure out if it was a solid, liquid or gas? NCSD SCIENCE Winter Professional Development Session GRADE 3 February 11, 2013

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