Grammar Unit: Pronouns

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1 Name: Miss Phillips Period: Grammar Unit: Pronouns Unit Objectives: 1. Students will identify personal, indefinite, and possessive pronouns and recognize antecedents of pronouns. 2. Students will demonstrate control over the agreement of pronouns with antecedents. 3. Students will understand and utilize the various kinds of pronouns. Personal Pronouns A pronoun is a word. The most frequently used pronouns are called. The words she and it in the sentence below are personal pronouns. Dana has a favorite folktale, and she tells it often. Pronouns that are used to refer to are called personal pronouns. A subject pronoun. An object pronoun. I will read that fable. (subject pronoun) Jesse told me about the story. (object pronoun) Personal Pronouns Used as Subjects Used as Objects Singular I he, she, it me him, her, it Plural we they us them

2 Guided Practice: Personal Pronouns Directions: Circle each pronoun and label it subject or object. 1. I read The Bundle of Sticks, a fable by Aesop. 2. It taught me the value of cooperation. 3. A man had four sons, and they always fought. 4. They started an argument in the morning and continued it all day. 5. He became impatient and scolded them. Using Pronouns Correctly People sometimes confuse pronouns in the nominative and objective cases. They write or say when they should use. They use when they should use. Remember to use a subject pronoun as the subject. Use an object pronoun as the object of a verb. Subjects are who or what are DOING the action. Objects are who or what is RECEIVING the action. She owns a collection of fables. ( ) He told her an amusing fable. ( ) The fable entertained us. ( ) Be sure to use a subject pronoun in a compound subject and an object pronoun in a compound subject. Richard and I recited the fable. ( ) Jennifer helped Richard and me. ( )

3 Guided Practice: Using Pronouns Correctly: Directions: Circle the correct pronoun in each sentence. 1. ( I, Me ) am the strongest power. 2. How will show ( I, me )? 3. You and ( I, me ) will have a contest. 4. A traveler is approaching ( we, us ). 5. I see his dog and ( he, him ). Pronouns and Antecedents: The noun or group of words that a pronoun refers to is called its. Example 1. Albert read Sleeping Beauty. He found it exciting. In this example, the noun Albert is the antecedent of the pronoun He. Sleeping Beauty is the antecedent of the pronoun it. The pronoun must agree with its antecedent in (singular or plural) and. Example 2. The king and queen were proud of the baby girl, and they loved her dearly. In this example, the pronoun they agrees with its antecedent, The king and queen. The pronoun her agrees with its antecedent, the baby girl.

4 Guided Practice: Pronouns and Antecedents: Directions: Fill in the blanks with the correct pronoun, and then circle its antecedent. 1. The bear made a promise. promised the family great wealth. 2. The man spoke with his children. He told about the bear s request. 3. The ngest daughter became worried. The bear s request frightened. 4. The girl listened to her family. The said, If go, the bear promises will be rich. 5. Finally the girl told her father and her brothers and sisters, will go because I love. Possessive Pronouns: Some personal pronouns indicate ownership or possession. These pronouns are called pronouns, and they replace possessive forms of nouns. A is a pronoun in the possessive case. It shows who or what has something. Some possessive pronouns are used before nouns. They replace the name of the person or thing that has something. Aesop s fables are famous. His fables are famous. A fable is a brief tale. Its characters are often animals. Other possessive pronouns stand alone in a sentence. This book is rs. Aesop s Fables is a favorite of mine. Possessive Pronouns Used Before Nouns Used Alone Singular my her, his, its mine rs hers, his, its Plural our r their ours rs theirs

5 Possessive pronouns DO NOT contain an apostrophe. DO NOT confuse the possessive pronoun its with the word it s. It s is a CONTRACTION. Guided Practice: Possessive Pronouns: Directions: Write a possessive pronoun to replace each underlined word or phrase. 1. The boy walked beside the horse; the man rode on the horse s back. 2. Next a woman gave the woman s opinion, and they followed that advice and rode together. 3. The man and the boy s weight was too great. 4. The horse collapsed, and the man and boy worried about the horse s health. 5. They carried the horse on the man s and the boy s shoulders. Indefinite Pronouns: An pronoun does not refer to a particular person, place, thing, or idea. Like possessive pronouns, indefinite pronouns can be used alone or with nouns. Has any student read this Native American folktale? Have any read The Voice of the River? When used alone, indefinite pronouns may be singular or plural. Indefinite Pronouns Always Singular another everybody no one anybody everyone nothing anyone everything one anything much somebody each neither someone either nobody something Always Plural both few many others several

6 When an indefinite pronoun is used as the of a sentence, the indefinite pronoun may be or, depending on the noun that follows. Indefinite pronouns that change their number include,,,, and. Some of the people are familiar with this folktale. ( ) Most of this tale takes place in Africa. ( ) Most of the characters are animals. ( ) Possessive pronouns often have indefinite pronouns as their antecedents. In such cases, the pronouns must agree in. Many are happy to share their folktales. ( ) Each must be willing to wait his or her turn. ( ) Guided Practice: Indefinite Pronouns: Directions: Circle the correct singular or plural indefinite pronoun in each sentence. 1. ( Everyone, Many ) likes to read an exciting myth. 2. ( Each, Many ) are originally from Greece. 3. ( One, Others ) from Greece is about a father and son. 4. ( Anyone, Few ) were able to guess the myth s ending. 5. ( Both, One ) of the mythical characters live on the island of Crete.

7 Relative Pronouns: The Correct Use of Who, Which, and That Relative pronouns are. Rule #1 Use who or that only when. Who is used only when referring to. That can be used for. NEVER use that to describe a specific person, only for a group of people or type of person. 1. The woman who called is Ms. Smith. Examples: 2. The citizen groups are the ones that should talk to. 3. The person who called was a salesman. Rule #2 Use which to refer to objects and animals (things). NEVER use which when referring to people. 1. Gary lost the keys which had given him. Examples: 2. The elephant which stampeded was massive. Guided Practice: Relative Pronouns: Directions: Write who, that, or which in each blank. 1. The money was stolen was never recovered. 2. The lady is wearing a yellow skirt is Tim s grandmother. 3. The students were absent had a different assignment.

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