with Component Rating A Simple Perspective

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "with Component Rating A Simple Perspective"

Transcription

1 Cat-6A UTP and Shielded with Component Rating A Simple Perspective Asef Baddar RCDD, DCD Sr. Technical Manager Leviton Middle East

2 Category Specifications Agenda Terminology International & North America Category 6A and Component Rating Shielded Solutions compared to UTP solutions for Structured Cabling Shielded System Pro s and Con s Bonding & Grounding Summary

3 International Standards TIA is the Telecommunications Industry Association (North America) EIA is the Electronics Industry Alliance (North America) ISO is the International Standards Organization (TIA equivalent) IEC is the International ti Electro Technical Commission i (IEEE equivalent) European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) is the standards setting body of the European Union (EU). BICSI equivalent and uses the EN designation.

4 Category Classification ISO and TIA TIA classification of cabling classes: Category 3 is specified up to 16 MHz Category 5e is specified up to 100 MHz Category 6 is specified up to 250 MHz Category 6A is specified up to 500 MHz Category 7 No plans to develop under TIA. (CAT 7 is referenced in BICSI TDMM and ISO as a Class F and FA equivalent) ISO classifications of cabling classes: Class C is specified up to 16 MHz (similar to Cat-3) Class D is specified up to 100 MHz (similar to Cat-5e) Class E is specified up to 250 MHz (similar to Cat-6) Class E A is specified up to 500 MHz (similar to Cat-6A) Class F is specified up to 600 MHz Class F A is specified up to 1000 MHz

5 Market Segment by Category Cat-5e and Cat-6 are so far dominating Cat-6A on the increase

6 TIA Cat-6A

7 Category 6A Cabling classification designed to support high-speed applications, such as 10GBase-T, over 100 meter channels Unshielded or Shielded Twisted Pair Requirements are for 4-pair 100 Ω CAT6A cabling, cables, cords and connecting hardware up to 500 MHz Several new parameters introduced such as: o alien crosstalk near and far Published in Apr 2008

8 Designing to the Cat 6A Standard The TIA 568 Standards ensure applications will run, and products from different manufacturers work together. These standards build in extra performance margin than is typically required by applications such as 10G Ethernet. A range of performance is specified individually for plugs, jacks, cords, and cables.

9 Designing to the Cat 6A Standard This range allows trade-offs in the design process optimize for all products across the range, or optimize for a specific value within the range. Most manufacturers, choose to optimize for their own component values so their system performance is optimized. Connectors, cords, patch panels, cables can be designed to work best together.

10 Designing to the Cat 6A Standard Range of Connector Values A Range of Cable Values A Range of Connector Values B Range of Cable Values B When products from different manufacturers are combined, overall performance margin can drop due to the need to work together with connectivity that can be anywhere in the performance envelope. Competent manufacturers will design extra margin into component-rated products to provide excellent performance margin with their own products, and with those from other manufacturers.

11 Comp. Guarantee Channel Perform.? Alien Crosstalk (AXT) is new to Cat 6A. It was not previously specified in earlier categories for 4pr UTP cables. Other types of Crosstalk, such as NEXT and FEXT, are generated WITHIN the cable jacket, connector, cord, or panel. NEXT and FEXT can be predicted, and can therefore be reduced through noise cancellation within the active equipment.

12 Comp. Guarantee Channel Perform.? In some instances, meeting component requirements for AXT DOES NOT guarantee the resulting channel or link will meet AXT limits. In addition to meeting the component requirements, all connecting hardware and cable should also be verified for link and channel AXT performance. This is because Alien Crosstalk coupling can take several different forms. The most significant of these forms are common mode and differential mode noise, and differential to common mode conversion.

13 Differential Mode Signals Current flow in UTP cabling induces a magnetic field around the conductors. The spiral form created by the twisted pairs to some extent keeps the magnetic field contained within the spiral. The containment is not perfect, and a magnetic field also exists outside the spiral.

14 Common Mode Signals Common mode noise flows in both conductors in the same direction, and returns to ground via parasitic capacitance. Both conductors generate a magnetic field with equal magnitude and polarity, and do not cancel each other out. The spiral wound pair acts just like an antenna.

15 Common to Differential Conversion The better the electrical balance of the cable, connector, and cord, the better they are able to reject these forms of AXT, and the better the AXT margin of the entire channel.

16 AXT Testing at the Component Level AXT testing for hardware includes setups for ANEXT and AFEXT. To understand the tests, we need to introduce two terms: disturber and victim. In this photo, the V marks the victim port, and the surrounding ports are the disturbers. AXT from each surrounding port is measured and summed.

17 AXT Testing at the Component Level Not all nearby ports have a significant ifi effect on AXT, and are not included. The standards define what s called significant disturbers. For the curious - defined as 90-20log(f/100) In panels and wall plates they re generally the nearby ports.

18 Show Me the Channel A typical worst-case Cat 6A channel as defined in the standards includes 4 connectors, in a 6-around-1 topology.

19 UTP & Shielded System

20 Growth of Shielded System (US) In 2006, Shielded Systems were about 1% of the US business. o All Categories (5e/6/6A) Shielded solutions business increased in 2009 but still expected to be the same in 2012 o This increase contributed t to Cat-6A

21 Terminology

22 Terminology ISO and N. America Flavors

23 End to End Channel

24 4-Connector Channel Channel is the same for UTP and Shielded Devise or Field Tester Work Area Outlet Patch Cord Length 5m max Consolidation Point Horizontal Cable Testing Length 328 ft (100m) Maximum Patch Panel Port 1 Telecommunications Closet Patch Panel Port 2 Patch Cord Length 5m max Total Active or Field Tester

25 What is the Noise all About EMC - Electromagnetic Compatibility o o Immunity - Susceptibility to interference from outside noise sources. Emissions Potential to disturb outside sources EMI / RFI Electromagnetic Interference / Radio Frequency Interference o o The disruption of operation of an electronic device when it is in the vicinity of an electromagnetic field (EM field) in the radio frequency (RF) spectrum that is caused by another electronic device. Causes an undesirable response, malfunctioning or degradation in the performance of electrical equipment.

26 What is a Shield? Used to block RF Electromagnetic radiation from corrupting data signals traveling on core conductors Used to prevent the leakage of signal from core conductors onto other channels in close proximity Reduction of RF/E radiation depends very much upon the material used, its thickness, and the frequency spectrum

27 Shield? STRENGTHS EMI/RFI Protection o Noise immunity from outside electrical noise Security o Data security in secure network applications Alien Crosstalk (Cat 6A) o Mitigates AXT in high frequency applications (500 MHz) Smaller Cable O.D. (Cat 6A) Fill it i P th & S ( o Fill capacity in Pathways & Spaces (vs. Cat 6A UTP cable)

28 Shield? WEAKNESSES Cost o Shielded systems generally 30-40% higher vs. UTP. Shielded Cat-6A is typically higher by about 10% o Labor - Additional labor/cost to terminate t (cable prep, foil, drain wire, rework) o Training - May require additional installer training Availability o Shielded products are stocked in o Shielded products are stocked in smaller quantities than UTP.

29 Foil Most common today Shield Types o Better flexibility but not as rugged o Excellent for mitigating high frequencies o Screen must be folded onto itself for full shield effect o 1.5 or 2.0 mil aluminum foil shield Braids o Good flexibility and rugged o Lower DC resistance than foiled screens o Excellent for mitigating noise at low frequencies o Use higher braid coverage percentage for maximum protection Combination braid/foil il construction ti o Maximum effectiveness of shielding o More bulky difficult to work with o More costly

30 Shield Market Sector Financial o Trading desks, high speed data close to other cables. Govt. o Secure network applications, EMI/RFI immunity. Healthcare o Application near ambient electrical noise; MRI equipment, etc. Gaming o High concentration of electrical noise Lights, slot machines, cameras, ATMs, etc. Industrial o Motors, generator, fluorescent lights

31 Why Bonding & Grounding? Life safety requirements o NEC (NFPA 70) Article 250 Protection of People & Property o Life Safety Prevent severe injury or possible death for building occupants. o Equipment Prevent equipment from being damaged or destroyed.

32 Who will do Bonding & Grounding? The electrician on a project is responsible for Bonding & Grounding as part of the building infrastructure o o National & local codes should always be followed. Contact AHJ if there is question on a specific project. This is typically done before the communications installer arrives on the job site. A primary responsibility of the designer is safeguarding personnel, property, and equipment from foreign electrical voltages and currents. (BICSI TDM, 10 th edition, page 10-2)

33 Bonding Definition The permanent joining of metallic parts to form an electrically conductive path that ensures electrical continuity and the capacity to conduct safely an current likely to be imposed. (NEC Article 100 definition) Purpose o Eliminate voltage potentials across all systems which can cause: Equipment damage Electrical noise Intermittent operation System degradation

34 Grounding (Earthing) Definition A conducting connection, whether intentional or incidental, between an electrical circuit or equipment and the earth, or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth. Purpose o Establish and maintain the potential of the earth on conductors connected to it. o Conducting ground current to and from the earth A floating gground system is one that is not connected to Earth.

35 Rack Level View of shielded system Grounding Patch Panels

36 Grounding at the Work Area A ground at the Work Area is not required Grounding is done when shielded patch cord connect PL to PC (NIC). The computer is grounded through the electrical receptacle. If shielded patch cord is not used or the PC is not grounded, the channel is tied to the ground in the TR.

37 Summary Component rating is necessary to achieve good channel margin Both Cat-6A Shielded and Unshielded Cables are used world wide Majority of installs are UTP Some regions prefer Unshielded and some prefer just Shielded Introduction ti of Cat-6A, increased the use of shielded d solutions as it was easier to meet alien crosstalk in early Both Shielded and UTP Cat-6A solutions supports 10G applications UTP recommended for installations where no noise is present and Shielded is recommended for installations in noisy environments

38

White Paper: What Component Compliance Means for CAT6A System Performance

White Paper: What Component Compliance Means for CAT6A System Performance White Paper: What Component Compliance Means for CAT6A System Performance Gary Bernstein, RCDD Director of Product Management Copper Systems Leviton Network Solutions Jeff Seefried Development Engineering

More information

Data Communications Competence Center

Data Communications Competence Center Importance of Cable Balance For Improving Noise Susceptibility Data Communications Competence Center DCCC03101702 July 11, 2007 Summary In a study of category 5e and category 6 UTP cables, a strong correlation

More information

Session 2; Cabling Technology in the Data Centre Media Choices; Copper Twisted Pair

Session 2; Cabling Technology in the Data Centre Media Choices; Copper Twisted Pair Presentation; Session 2; Cabling Technology in the Data Centre Media Choices; Copper Twisted Pair 5 th April 2010 Paul Mathews MInstSMM, CCNA, MIEEE Global Channel Manager Media Types Physical Layer Cabling;

More information

White Paper: 10 Gigabit Ethernet over Twisted Pair Copper Systems

White Paper: 10 Gigabit Ethernet over Twisted Pair Copper Systems White Paper: 10 Gigabit Ethernet over Twisted Pair Copper Systems Asef Baddar, RCDD Principal Engineer / Applications Engineering Supervisor Leviton Network Solutions C/7 - #1928 Table of Contents Background

More information

An Engineer s Guide to Full Compliance for CAT 6A Connecting Hardware

An Engineer s Guide to Full Compliance for CAT 6A Connecting Hardware for CAT 6A Connecting Hardware Written by: Antoine Pelletier Engineer, Global Cabling Products Intertek www.intertek-etlsemko.com 1-800-WORLDLAB Introduction The telecommunication industry recently achieved

More information

Cabling for 10GBASE-T The case for UTP. Paul Kish Director, Systems & Standards

Cabling for 10GBASE-T The case for UTP. Paul Kish Director, Systems & Standards Cabling for 10GBASE-T The case for UTP Paul Kish Director, Systems & Standards Cabling for 10GBASE-T - The Case for UTP Abstract This white paper discusses the subject of 10 Gigabit/second data transmission

More information

Why Screening Screened Cabling vs Unscreened

Why Screening Screened Cabling vs Unscreened Why Screening Screened Cabling vs Unscreened White Paper Nexans Cabling Solutions May 2013 Screened vs Unscreened In addition to the performance classes and categories within structured copper cabling

More information

Mixed High-Speed Ethernet Operations over Different Categories of Bundled UTP Cable

Mixed High-Speed Ethernet Operations over Different Categories of Bundled UTP Cable Mixed High-Speed Ethernet Operations over Different Categories of Bundled UTP Cable June 10, 2010 Contributors: Yinglin (Frank) Yang CommScope, Inc. Charles Seifert Ixia Ethernet Alliance 3855 SW 153 rd

More information

HIGHSPEED ETHERNET THE NEED FOR SPEED. Jim Duran, Product Manager - Americas WHITE PAPER. Molex Premise Networks

HIGHSPEED ETHERNET THE NEED FOR SPEED. Jim Duran, Product Manager - Americas WHITE PAPER. Molex Premise Networks HIGHSPEED ETHERNET THE NEED FOR SPEED Jim Duran, Product Manager - Americas WHITE PAPER Molex Premise Networks EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Over the years structured cabling systems have evolved significantly. This

More information

G019.A (4/99) UNDERSTANDING COMMON MODE NOISE

G019.A (4/99) UNDERSTANDING COMMON MODE NOISE UNDERSTANDING COMMON MODE NOISE PAGE 2 OF 7 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION 2 DIFFERENTIAL MODE AND COMMON MODE SIGNALS 2.1 Differential Mode signals 2.2 Common Mode signals 3 DIFFERENTIAL AND COMMON

More information

Ethernet Patch Cord Wiring

Ethernet Patch Cord Wiring Ethernet Patch Cord Wiring C ONTENTS Ethernet Patch Cords & RJ-45 Connectors... 2 Ethernet Patch Cords and UTP Cabling... 3 What s all the twisting about?... 4 Ethernet Applications... 5 568A & 568B Wiring

More information

How to Choose the Right Cable Category

How to Choose the Right Cable Category How to Choose the Right Cable Category Why do I need a different category of cable? Not too long ago, when local area networks were being designed, each work area outlet typically consisted of one Category

More information

Presenters Brett Weiss, Gabe Martinez, Brian Kroeger.

Presenters Brett Weiss, Gabe Martinez, Brian Kroeger. 1 Presenters Brett Weiss, Gabe Martinez, Brian Kroeger. Topics to be covered: Cable identification Purpose of the various cable types Installation techniques Building Infrastructure Overview of networking

More information

White paper. Shielded or unshielded network cables A matter of choice, electromagnetic environment and compatibility

White paper. Shielded or unshielded network cables A matter of choice, electromagnetic environment and compatibility White paper Shielded or unshielded network cables A matter of choice, electromagnetic environment and compatibility Table of contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Shielded versus unshielded network cables 3 3.

More information

Testing 10 Gb/s Performance of Category 6 and 6A Structured Copper Cabling Systems within the Unified Physical Infrastructure SM (UPI)

Testing 10 Gb/s Performance of Category 6 and 6A Structured Copper Cabling Systems within the Unified Physical Infrastructure SM (UPI) within the Unified Physical Infrastructure SM (UPI) www.panduit.com WP-11 April 2007 Introduction With the ratification of the IEEE 802.3an 10GBASE-T copper standard, end users now have more media options

More information

Solving Signal Problems Effective shielding is key to enhancing the reliability and performance of broadcast cables.

Solving Signal Problems Effective shielding is key to enhancing the reliability and performance of broadcast cables. Solving Signal Problems Effective shielding is key to enhancing the reliability and performance of broadcast cables. by Marty Van Der Burgt Belden Article for Broadcast Engineering There is perhaps no

More information

Solution of EMI Problems from Operation of Variable-Frequency Drives

Solution of EMI Problems from Operation of Variable-Frequency Drives Pacific Gas and Electric Company Solution of EMI Problems from Operation of Variable-Frequency Drives Background Abrupt voltage transitions on the output terminals of a variable-frequency drive (VFD) are

More information

USB 2.0 RG Port USB m CAT 5e/6/7 Extender System. User Guide

USB 2.0 RG Port USB m CAT 5e/6/7 Extender System. User Guide USB 2.0 RG2304 4-Port USB 2.0 100m CAT 5e/6/7 Extender System User Guide Thank you for purchasing the USB 2.0 RG2304 Extender System. Please read this guide thoroughly. This document applies to Part Numbers:

More information

Network Design. Yiannos Mylonas

Network Design. Yiannos Mylonas Network Design Yiannos Mylonas Physical Topologies There are two parts to the topology definition: the physical topology, which is the actual layout of the wire (media), and the logical topology, which

More information

Bonding and Grounding AMP NETCONNECT Copper Cabling Systems

Bonding and Grounding AMP NETCONNECT Copper Cabling Systems White Paper Bonding and Grounding AMP NETCONNECT Copper Cabling Systems A complete review of bonding and grounding for copper twisted-pair cabling systems Taking the Guesswork out of Grounding & Bonding

More information

Cat7/Class F New Installation Concept New infrastructure. Handbook

Cat7/Class F New Installation Concept New infrastructure. Handbook Cat7/Class F New Installation Concept New infrastructure Handbook contents 1 Introduction 3 2 What is the Cat7/Class F installation concept 3 3 Distribution centre 3 3.1 Patch Modules 3 4 How to handle

More information

MYTHBUSTING Takes on Shielded Cabling

MYTHBUSTING Takes on Shielded Cabling MYTHBUSTING Takes on Shielded Cabling Herb Congdon Brian Davis Objectives Take on myths of shielded cabling and use modern-day science to show what's real and what's fiction - through trial and error actually

More information

The Evolution of Copper Cabling Systems from Cat5 to Cat5e to Cat6 Copper Cabling Standards and Technical Aspects

The Evolution of Copper Cabling Systems from Cat5 to Cat5e to Cat6 Copper Cabling Standards and Technical Aspects The Evolution of Copper Cabling Systems from Cat5 to Cat5e to Cat6 Copper Cabling Standards and Technical Aspects White Paper /7/0 Executive Summary Now that the TIA/EIA-568-B.- Category 6 Copper Cabling

More information

Running 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Copper Cabling 30 March 1999 Colin Mick/The Mick Group with Bruce Tolley/3Com and Willem Wery/Intel

Running 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Copper Cabling 30 March 1999 Colin Mick/The Mick Group with Bruce Tolley/3Com and Willem Wery/Intel Running 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Copper Cabling 30 March 1999 Colin Mick/The Mick Group with Bruce Tolley/3Com and Willem Wery/Intel Introduction When network managers decide on a cabling system,

More information

ANSI/TIA/EIA - 568-A, Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard.

ANSI/TIA/EIA - 568-A, Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard. WIRING STANDARD INTRODUCTION This standard defines a telecommunications wiring system for North Dakota State Agencies, offices or buildings that will support a multi-product environment. The purpose of

More information

Planning for 10Gbps Ethernet over UTP Questions to Ask When Planning the Cabling Plant WHITE PAPER

Planning for 10Gbps Ethernet over UTP Questions to Ask When Planning the Cabling Plant WHITE PAPER Planning for 10Gbps Ethernet over UTP Questions to Ask When Planning the Cabling Plant WHITE PAPER Questions to Ask When Planning the Cabling Plant Planning a copper cabling plant to support 10Gbps transmission

More information

DIVISION 26 - ELECTRICAL SECTION 26 05 20 CABLES FOR INSTRUMENTATION

DIVISION 26 - ELECTRICAL SECTION 26 05 20 CABLES FOR INSTRUMENTATION DIVISION 26 - ELECTRICAL PART 1 - GENERAL 1.01 SUMMARY A. Section Includes 1. Instrumentation Cables 1.02 SUBMITTALS A. Submit in accordance with requirements of Section 01 33 00. B. Product Data: Submit

More information

EMC STANDARDS STANDARDS AND STANDARD MAKING BODIES. International. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) http://www.iec.

EMC STANDARDS STANDARDS AND STANDARD MAKING BODIES. International. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) http://www.iec. EMC STANDARDS The EMC standards that a particular electronic product must meet depend on the product application (commercial or military) and the country in which the product is to be used. These EMC regulatory

More information

Evolution of Cabling Standards TIA/EIA ISO/IEC CENELEC. by Paul Kish NORDX/CDT Chair TIA TR 41.8

Evolution of Cabling Standards TIA/EIA ISO/IEC CENELEC. by Paul Kish NORDX/CDT Chair TIA TR 41.8 Evolution of Cabling Standards TIA/EIA ISO/IEC CENELEC by Paul Kish NORDX/CDT Chair TIA TR 41.8 Outline Market trends Standards development where we were where we are where we are going Beyond Category

More information

Earthing (Grounding) and Bonding Guidelines For Uniprise Solutions F/UTP Cabling System

Earthing (Grounding) and Bonding Guidelines For Uniprise Solutions F/UTP Cabling System Uniprise Solutions Earthing (Grounding) and Bonding Guidelines For Uniprise Solutions F/UTP Cabling System January 2012 www.commscope.com Contents Contents 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 Earthing and Bonding 3

More information

10 Gigabit Ethernet over copper: Unshielded, unprotected?

10 Gigabit Ethernet over copper: Unshielded, unprotected? Technical Article 10 Gigabit Ethernet over copper: Unshielded, unprotected? Copyright 2005 Reichle & De-Massari AG (R&M). All rights reserved. Transmission and reproduction of this publication or parts

More information

Cabling Standards Update 2014

Cabling Standards Update 2014 Cabling Standards Update 2014 Dimitris Filippou Technical Director, Ltd. IEEE Member, BICSI Country Chair, ELOT Technical Committee TC93 Member, CENELEC TC215 Delegate of Greek National Committee, CENELEC

More information

Chapter 4 Connecting to the Internet through an ISP

Chapter 4 Connecting to the Internet through an ISP Chapter 4 Connecting to the Internet through an ISP 1. According to Cisco what two things are essential to gaining access to the internet? a. ISPs are essential to gaining access to the Internet. b. No

More information

Nexus Technology Review -- Exhibit A

Nexus Technology Review -- Exhibit A Nexus Technology Review -- Exhibit A Background A. Types of DSL Lines DSL comes in many flavors: ADSL, ADSL2, ADSL2+, VDSL and VDSL2. Each DSL variant respectively operates up a higher frequency level.

More information

Next Generation Ethernet (NGBASE-T)

Next Generation Ethernet (NGBASE-T) White Paper Next Generation Ethernet (NGBASE-T) Beyond Ethernet 10GBASE-T - What does the future hold? Contents Scope... 3 Ethernet market potential... 3 Improvement opportunities for NGBASE-T... 4 CommScope

More information

Cable Sharing in Commercial Building Environments

Cable Sharing in Commercial Building Environments Cable Sharing in Commercial Building Environments Reducing Cost, Simplifying Cable Management, and Converging Applications onto Twisted-Pair Media Cable sharing describes the practice of running more than

More information

Copper for Beyond 10GBASE-T. David Zambrano

Copper for Beyond 10GBASE-T. David Zambrano Copper for Beyond 10GBASE-T David Zambrano Agenda Market Drivers Standards Cabling and Ethernet Field Test Considerations Agenda Market Drivers Standards Cabling and Ethernet Field Test Considerations

More information

Cable Solutions for Servo and Variable Frequency Drives (VFD)

Cable Solutions for Servo and Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) Cable Solutions for Servo and Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) Electric drive systems with continuous torque and speed control are widespread today. They allow an optimal adjustment of the drive with respect

More information

Structured Cabling, Earthing & Equipotential Bonding

Structured Cabling, Earthing & Equipotential Bonding White Paper Information and Communication Technology Structured Cabling, Earthing & Equipotential Bonding English Rev. 1.0.1 / 2012-06-01 1 Abstract All Dallmeier network products (PoE cameras, recorders,

More information

Vocational Training Council Typical EMC issues encountered in metro projects. KK Sung 24 Nov 2010

Vocational Training Council Typical EMC issues encountered in metro projects. KK Sung 24 Nov 2010 Vocational Training Council Typical EMC issues encountered in metro projects KK Sung 24 Nov 2010 Scope The EMC Management serves to cover the following electromagnetic emissions in the railway environment.

More information

Application Note. Power Over Ethernet (PoE)

Application Note. Power Over Ethernet (PoE) (PoE) 12th September, 2007 OVERVIEW The CUE has implemented (PoE) to touch panels aircue and, in near future, is going to do so with other products as well. Power over Ethernet (PoE), sometimes also called

More information

Understanding Shielded Cable

Understanding Shielded Cable Understanding Shielded Cable Industrial applications such as the factory floor are typically electrically noisy environments. Electrical noise, either radiated or conducted as electromagnetic interference

More information

White Paper: Electrical Ground Rules

White Paper: Electrical Ground Rules Acromag, Incorporated 30765 S Wixom Rd, Wixom, MI 48393 USA Tel: 248-295-0880 Fax: 248-624-9234 www.acromag.com White Paper: Electrical Ground Rules Best Practices for Grounding Your Electrical Equipment

More information

Category 8 Cable Transmission Measurements Comparative Study between 4-port single wire measurements and 2-port balun measurements

Category 8 Cable Transmission Measurements Comparative Study between 4-port single wire measurements and 2-port balun measurements Category 8 Cable Transmission Measurements Comparative Study between 4-port single wire measurements and 2-port balun measurements Stefan Estevanovich Rafael Herrera, Nadim Kafati Hitachi Cable USA NDC

More information

Networks. The two main network types are: Peer networks

Networks. The two main network types are: Peer networks Networks Networking is all about sharing information and resources. Computers connected to a network can avail of many facilities not available to standalone computers: Share a printer or a plotter among

More information

Common Mode Choke Filtering Improves CMRR in Ethernet Transformer Applications. Application Note. June 2011

Common Mode Choke Filtering Improves CMRR in Ethernet Transformer Applications. Application Note. June 2011 Common Mode Choke Filtering Improves CMRR in Ethernet Transformer Applications June 2011 Application Note Common mode chokes provide an effective EMI filtering solution for Ethernet transformer applications.

More information

Accelerating Light. Copper Cabling Solutions. Category 6A

Accelerating Light. Copper Cabling Solutions. Category 6A Accelerating Light Copper Cabling Solutions Category 6A Category 6A Copper Cabling Solutions Fibernet designs and manufactures premium, high performance copper communication infrastructure and connectivity

More information

Application Specification 15/Nov/2006 Rev.B

Application Specification 15/Nov/2006 Rev.B Application 4-9300 Specification 5/Nov/006 Rev.B AMP Netconnect* Cat.6 Compact Patch Panel 0.5U, 4 Ports. SCOPE This specification describes termination procedures of AMP Netconnect* Cat.6 Compact Patch

More information

An Ethernet Cable Discharge Event (CDE) Test and Measurement System

An Ethernet Cable Discharge Event (CDE) Test and Measurement System An Ethernet Cable Discharge Event (CDE) Test and Measurement System Wei Huang, Jerry Tichenor ESDEMC Technology LLC Rolla, MO, USA whuang@esdemc.com Abstract A Cable Discharge Event (CDE) is an electrostatic

More information

Introduction to Structured Cabling

Introduction to Structured Cabling Introduction to Structured Cabling Basic overview of structured cabling systems including: Introduction & definition Common components Copper and fibre types Basic concepts of planning a system 1 Presentation

More information

Enhanced Category 5 Cabling System Engineering for Performance

Enhanced Category 5 Cabling System Engineering for Performance Engineering for Performance Table of Contents 2 Introduction 2 Where Did It Come From? 2 Enhanced Category 5 Performance What to Test The Link The Channel Don t Forget the Cable Assembly 4 Performance

More information

EE 417 Notes Fall

EE 417 Notes Fall EE 417 Notes Fall 2010 1 Audio Electrical Wiring Basic branch circuits in homes and businesses (U.S.) Service Panel Circuit Breaker Black Wire ("hot") (from power company and power meter) White Wire (neutral)

More information

DATA CENTER NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE. Cable and Connectivity for the Most Demanding Networks. BerkTekLevitonTechnologies.com

DATA CENTER NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE. Cable and Connectivity for the Most Demanding Networks. BerkTekLevitonTechnologies.com DATA CENTER NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE Cable and Connectivity for the Most Demanding Networks Customer-focused, technology-driven, quality-assured for an unparalleled RETURN ON infrastructure investment DATA

More information

R&Mfreenet Advanced Cat 6 A Unshielded Connection Module

R&Mfreenet Advanced Cat 6 A Unshielded Connection Module R&Mfreenet Advanced R&Mfreenet Advanced Cat 6 A Connection Module The R&Mfreenet Cat 6 A unshielded connection modules, part of the Advanced cabling system, are ideal for voice, fast data transmissions

More information

EMC Standards: Standards of good EMC engineering

EMC Standards: Standards of good EMC engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) IEEE Definition Origin, control, and measurement of electromagnetic effects on electronic and biologic systems. IEEE EMC Society Areas of Interest EMC Standards: Standards

More information

Square D Clipsal DIN-Rail Four-Channel Auxiliary Input Unit

Square D Clipsal DIN-Rail Four-Channel Auxiliary Input Unit Square D Clipsal DIN-Rail Four-Channel Auxiliary Input Unit SLCLE5504AUX for Use with Wired C-Bus Networks Instruction Bulletin Retain for future use. Square D Clipsal DIN-Rail Four-Channel Auxiliary Input

More information

Network Engineers Everywhere:

Network Engineers Everywhere: Network Engineers Everywhere: Relax Your Minds Not Your Standards DataMax Commercial Ethernet Patch Cable The Strongest Link. DataMax Commercial Ethernet Patch Cable The Strongest Link. DataMax Patch Cable

More information

Grounding Demystified

Grounding Demystified Grounding Demystified 3-1 Importance Of Grounding Techniques 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Grounding 42% Case 22% Cable 18% Percent Used Filter 12% PCB 6% Grounding 42% Case Shield 22% Cable Shielding 18%

More information

This paper will explain some of the more important factors on how UTP wires work; specifically it will cover the following:

This paper will explain some of the more important factors on how UTP wires work; specifically it will cover the following: UTP Technology In the late 1970s, unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cabling originated in the computer industry as a means of transmitting digital data over computer networks. This cable was designed to be

More information

IMMUNITY TESTING TO IEC SPECIFICATIONS by Thomas C. Moyer, Amplifier Research

IMMUNITY TESTING TO IEC SPECIFICATIONS by Thomas C. Moyer, Amplifier Research IMMUNITY TESTING TO IEC SPECIFICATIONS by Thomas C. Moyer, Amplifier Research SUMMARY The European Union of 15 member countries has a population of 370 million people and it represented 16% of the US exports

More information

This specification describes termination procedures of AMP Netconnect* Cat. 6 Shielded Patch Panel with AMPTRAC* application:

This specification describes termination procedures of AMP Netconnect* Cat. 6 Shielded Patch Panel with AMPTRAC* application: Application Specification 114-93001 06/May/2011 Rev E AMP Netconnect* Cat.6 Shielded Patch Panel, 24 Ports, With AMPTRAC* Application 1. SCOPE This specification describes termination procedures of AMP

More information

IMMUNITY TESTING FOR THE CE MARK By Rodger Gensel, Product Line Applications Specialist

IMMUNITY TESTING FOR THE CE MARK By Rodger Gensel, Product Line Applications Specialist IMMUNITY TESTING FOR THE CE MARK By Rodger Gensel, Product Line Applications Specialist SUMMARY The European Union (EU) currently has 25 member countries with 2 additional countries to be added in 2007.

More information

New Technology Developments and How They Impact Your Structured Wiring Choices

New Technology Developments and How They Impact Your Structured Wiring Choices New Technology Developments and How They Impact Your Structured Wiring Choices Author: Rob Wessels Vice President of Engineering Structured wiring has come a long way since the days when Category 3 and

More information

Balanced vs. Unbalanced Audio Interconnections

Balanced vs. Unbalanced Audio Interconnections Revised 7/2/08 Balanced vs. Unbalanced Audio Interconnections In discussing the characteristics and performance of various interconnect systems; two points should be kept in mind. Balance is defined in

More information

PANDUIT TX6 10GIG SHIELDED COPPER CABLING SYSTEM. Innovative Connectivity Solution for Maximum Performance and Security

PANDUIT TX6 10GIG SHIELDED COPPER CABLING SYSTEM. Innovative Connectivity Solution for Maximum Performance and Security PANDUIT TX6 GIG SHIELDED COPPER CABLING SYSTEM Innovative Connectivity Solution for Maximum Performance and Security Gigabit Ethernet over Copper With ever increasing bandwidth requirements, advancements

More information

IT Cabling Solutions

IT Cabling Solutions IT Cabling Solutions Signamax & Hitachi Cable America System Performance Signamax & Hitachi Cable America (Hitachi) system quality assurance testing is based on the worst-case model - four-connector 100-meter

More information

Gigabit Ethernet on Copper Cabling Infrastructures

Gigabit Ethernet on Copper Cabling Infrastructures Gigabit Ethernet on Copper Cabling Infrastructures Overview of Gigabit Ethernet (1000Base-T) Ethernet was developed by the Xerox Corporation in the early 1970 s and has emerged as the dominant networking

More information

Testing for EMC Compliance: Approaches and Techniques October 12, 2006

Testing for EMC Compliance: Approaches and Techniques October 12, 2006 : Approaches and Techniques October 12, 2006 Ed Nakauchi EMI/EMC/ESD/EMP Consultant Emulex Corporation 1 Outline Discuss EMC Basics & Physics Fault Isolation Techniques Tools & Techniques Correlation Analyzer

More information

AXIS T81B22 DC 30W Midspan

AXIS T81B22 DC 30W Midspan INSTALLATION GUIDE AXIS T81B22 DC 30W Midspan ENGLISH About this Document This document includes instructions for installing AXIS T81B22 on your network. Previous experience of networking will be beneficial

More information

Data Center. Pre-terminated. Patch Panel System. Cabling Systems Simplified. Patch Panels. 10G + Gigabit. Patch Cords. Plug & Play Installation

Data Center. Pre-terminated. Patch Panel System. Cabling Systems Simplified. Patch Panels. 10G + Gigabit. Patch Cords. Plug & Play Installation Data Center Pre-terminated Patch Panel System Patch Panels Plug & Play Installation 10G + Gigabit Patch Cords Bundled + Labeled Cabling Systems Simplified Our Mission At Cablesys, our mission is to simplify

More information

Grounding and Shield Termination. Application Note 51204

Grounding and Shield Termination. Application Note 51204 Grounding and Shield Termination Application Note 51204 DEFINITIONS This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this

More information

EELE 250 Notes Fall

EELE 250 Notes Fall EELE 250 Notes Fall 2013 1 Electrical Wiring Electric shock and electrocution A voltage applied to the human body will produce an electrical current, which depends on the resistance of the skin and body

More information

Protection of RS-232 Serial Connections

Protection of RS-232 Serial Connections Protection of RS-232 Serial Connections White Paper #16 Executive Summary This White Paper explains the special power protection issues related to RS-232 cabling. First, the special vulnerabilities of

More information

Cat 5, 6 or 7? Standards. Background. A University Standard for Structured Wiring. Network Points Installed. British Standards.

Cat 5, 6 or 7? Standards. Background. A University Standard for Structured Wiring. Network Points Installed. British Standards. Cat 5, 6 or 7? A University Standard for Structured Wiring. Background isolutions recently formed Incorporates all IT service providers within the University. Focus on all ICT needs of the user and the

More information

Industrial Ethernet The Perfect Cable for an Imperfect Environment

Industrial Ethernet The Perfect Cable for an Imperfect Environment 1 Industrial Ethernet The Perfect Cable for an Imperfect Environment Written by: David Fausz, Engineer, Communications Products TABLE OF CONTENTS BACKGROUND 1 APPLICATIONS AND 2 ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE

More information

Cabling and Connectors

Cabling and Connectors Cabling and Connectors General media considerations Broadband versus baseband Baseband transmissions use digital signaling and Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) Broadband transmissions use analog and Frequency

More information

The Permanent Link in Field Certification Reasons, Advantages, Testing Challenges

The Permanent Link in Field Certification Reasons, Advantages, Testing Challenges The Permanent Link in Field Certification Reasons, Advantages, Testing Challenges Table of contents Channel, Basic Link and Permanent Link defined....................... 2 Critical Performance Parameters......

More information

Pre-Installation & Installation Manual. Digital Signage. September 2011 / 57-900434-000

Pre-Installation & Installation Manual. Digital Signage. September 2011 / 57-900434-000 Pre-Installation & Installation Manual Digital Signage September 2011 / 57-900434-000 Digital Signage Pre-Installation & Installation Manual September 2011 by the Brunswick Bowling and Billiards Corporation.

More information

Pre-compliance testing the conducted line emissions of DC supplied circuits

Pre-compliance testing the conducted line emissions of DC supplied circuits Pre-compliance testing the conducted line emissions of DC supplied circuits By Paul Lee, Director of Engineering, Murata Power Solutions It s quite common for a power supply (PSU) designer to work with

More information

White Paper: Power over Ethernet A Technology Overview

White Paper: Power over Ethernet A Technology Overview White Paper: Power over Ethernet A Technology Overview Roxane Rager, RCDD Application Engineer Leviton Network Solutions C/7 #1922 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Definitions 4 How PoE Works 5 Why Choose

More information

White Paper. Power over Ethernet Plus Update and Cabling Considerations

White Paper. Power over Ethernet Plus Update and Cabling Considerations White Paper Power over Ethernet Plus Update and Cabling Considerations Power over Ethernet Plus Update and Cabling Considerations TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction...3 2. Application Objectives...5 3.

More information

Sending A/V Signals Over Twisted Pair Cables: An Introduction. What is A/V over twisted pair?... 2

Sending A/V Signals Over Twisted Pair Cables: An Introduction. What is A/V over twisted pair?... 2 Sending A/V Signals Over Twisted Pair s: An Introduction Table of Contents What is A/V over twisted pair?... 2 What can be accommodated with A/V over twisted pair?... 3 What applications can effectively

More information

Specifying an IT Cabling System

Specifying an IT Cabling System Specifying an IT Cabling System This guide will help you produce a specification for an IT cabling system that meets your organisation s needs and gives you value for money. You will be able to give your

More information

Segment 2 EMC Testing

Segment 2 EMC Testing Segment 2 EMC Testing Overview of testing methods. Types ( Precompliance versus Final ). Testing methods for the non-emc engineer. Test equipment EVERYONE should have. EMC Testing 1 Why Do EMC Testing?

More information

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions Wire and Installation What kind of wire to use with SC&T Twisted Pair Transmission products? Use UTP (unshielded twisted pair) CAT 5 24 AWG (or over) to have the best transmission

More information

White Paper: DC Resistance Unbalance Testing: Easy, Low-Cost Insurance for Your PoE Systems

White Paper: DC Resistance Unbalance Testing: Easy, Low-Cost Insurance for Your PoE Systems White Paper: DC Resistance Unbalance Testing: Easy, Low-Cost Insurance for Your PoE Systems Originally ratified by IEEE in 1999 and 2003 respectively, gigabit Ethernet (1000BASE-T) and power over Ethernet

More information

Issues and Solutions for Dealing With a Highly Capacitive Transmission Cable

Issues and Solutions for Dealing With a Highly Capacitive Transmission Cable Issues and Solutions for Dealing With a Highly Capacitive Transmission Cable F.N. Morgan and K.C. Cameron, Advanced Energy Industries, Inc., Fort Collins, CO ABSTRACT For glass coaters, the transmission

More information

LVDS Technology Solves Typical EMI Problems Associated with Cell Phone Cameras and Displays

LVDS Technology Solves Typical EMI Problems Associated with Cell Phone Cameras and Displays AN-5059 Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note May 2005 Revised May 2005 LVDS Technology Solves Typical EMI Problems Associated with Cell Phone Cameras and Displays Differential technologies such as

More information

DaqScribe Solutions P.O Box 958 Carson City NV Author: Sam Herceg A basic understanding of grounding and ground loops

DaqScribe Solutions P.O Box 958 Carson City NV Author: Sam Herceg A basic understanding of grounding and ground loops DaqScribe Solutions P.O Box 958 Carson City NV. 89702 Author: Sam Herceg sherceg@pyramid.net A basic understanding of grounding and ground loops In the world of data acquisition if there is one thing which

More information

Technical Description. Transistor D.C. Chopper Controller Type GS 24 S

Technical Description. Transistor D.C. Chopper Controller Type GS 24 S Technical Description Transistor D.C. Chopper Controller Type GS 24 S Table of contents 1. Getting started guide 2. General information 2.1. Characteristics 2.2. Accessories 3. Information about the Machine

More information

30 In Compliance October 2014 www.incompliancemag.com

30 In Compliance October 2014 www.incompliancemag.com 30 In Compliance October 2014 www.incompliancemag.com Medical Devices in a Wireless World BY IVAYLO TANKOV While wireless technology is now an integral component of a wide variety of manufactured products,

More information

RTEX Cable 2015/10/1. Motor Business Unit Automotive & Industrial Systems Company Panasonic Corporation

RTEX Cable 2015/10/1. Motor Business Unit Automotive & Industrial Systems Company Panasonic Corporation RTEX Cable 2015/10/1 Motor Business Unit Automotive & Industrial Systems Company Panasonic Corporation Cable and Connector Page 2 2015/10/1 Rev. 5 Motor Business Unit, AIS Company The Kind of Ethernet

More information

SHEET 1 COMMUNICATION NETWORKS COMPUTER AND TELEPHONE SYSTEMS

SHEET 1 COMMUNICATION NETWORKS COMPUTER AND TELEPHONE SYSTEMS STRUCTURED CABLING SHEET 1 COMMUNICATION NETWORKS COMPUTER AND TELEPHONE SYSTEMS INTRODUCTION In recent years, communications have taken on a crucial role in development for businesses. Communications

More information

VIDEO SURVEILLANCE OVER UTP WHITE PAPER INTRODUCING VIPER VIDEO SURVEILLANCE

VIDEO SURVEILLANCE OVER UTP WHITE PAPER INTRODUCING VIPER VIDEO SURVEILLANCE VIDEO SURVEILLANCE OVER UTP WHITE PAPER INTRODUCING VIPER VIDEO SURVEILLANCE 1 C O N T E N T S Security Systems can be integrated into any IT Network The Network Manager s New Responsibility The Problem

More information

2 Network Media. Copper Core Cable

2 Network Media. Copper Core Cable Network Media Copper Core Cable After studying this chapter, you will be able to: Match the five forms of electronic signals to the media types on which they travel. Describe the major differences between

More information

White Paper. Cat. 6A vs. Cat. 6 A. What s the Difference and Why Should I Care?

White Paper. Cat. 6A vs. Cat. 6 A. What s the Difference and Why Should I Care? White Paper Cat. 6A vs. Cat. 6 A What s the Difference and Why Should I Care? Cat. 6A vs. Cat. 6 A What s the Difference and Why Should I Care? TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction...3 2. Component Standards

More information

Coaxial & CCTV Cables

Coaxial & CCTV Cables Coaxial & CCTV Cables Honeywell s Genesis Series of broadband and digital coaxial cables are tested to the highest standards to assure the best performance in high-end home theater installations, incorporating

More information

Breaking the Rules! Jeffrey Lam RCDD

Breaking the Rules! Jeffrey Lam RCDD Breaking the Rules! Jeffrey Lam RCDD Standards What are standards? - Document that provides requirements, specifications or guidelines that can be used to consistently ensure that materials, products,

More information

Method for improving Return Loss in order to reduce PHY power Ron Nordin Panduit Bob Wagner Panduit Paul Vanderlaan Berk-Tek

Method for improving Return Loss in order to reduce PHY power Ron Nordin Panduit Bob Wagner Panduit Paul Vanderlaan Berk-Tek Method for improving Return Loss in order to reduce PHY power Ron Nordin Panduit Bob Wagner Panduit Paul Vanderlaan Berk-Tek Supporters Mike Grimwood Broadcom Will Bliss Broadcom Dariush Dabiri APM Dan

More information