Satish Mohan. Head Engineering. AMD Developer Conference, Bangalore

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1 Satish Mohan Head Engineering AMD Developer Conference, Bangalore

2 Open source software Allows developers worldwide to collaborate and benefit. Strategic elimination of vendor lock in OSS naturally creates multiple vendors Improved security Proven security through better technology & threat response record Auditability Customers and industry can verify standards adherence, quality & flexibility Cost reduction in multiple dimensions Hardware; system administration; compute transactions/watt; license management Solution Ecosystem OEM and ISV suppliers across the IT industry are focusing on delivering OSS solutions Technology All leading software technology development today is being done under the OSS model Performance, Maturity, Choice More suppliers than any proprietary offering = more improvements, more testing, greater selection

3 What Red Hat has done Deliver trustworthy, cost-effective solutions based on the best of collaborative development Partner Applications Red Hat Enterprise Solutions Laptop to Mainframe 32 bit 64 bit Open source projects Technology development environment sponsored by Red Hat Partner Hardware Red Hat solution ecosystem

4 Red Hat Eco System The Red Hat ecosystem combines open source community sponsorship and commercial product delivery smoothly integrating disparate technologies. Partner hardware and software solutions Acquired technologies released under GPL to accelerate development Partner Enablement Open Source Product Development ISV Applications OEM Certifications Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat Developer Suite Red Hat Cluster Suite Solution Delivery Red Hat Linux Red Hat Application Server Red Hat Desktop Red Hat GFS Red Hat Directory Server Open Source Project Fedora Directory Server Fedora Sponsorship Open Source Clustering (Sistina) Directory++ (Netscape) Enablement

5 Interconnectivity and Innovation Open source software Kernel "Influence" Ranking ensures that the broadest Andrew M. Linus T. Sun Other collaboration of suppliers Red Hat IBM work together to create the optimum operating system Novell Intel SGI HP MontaVista environment Changes Influenced Connectiva Dell Red Hat leads the field Kernel BitKeeper analysis, January 2005 Influence = feature creator, reviewer, or acceptor Adoption of the Red Hat ecosystem by OEM and ISV partners has resulted in the very rapid growth of certified platforms and applications Software Applications Hardware Systems Red Hat leads the field

6 #1 at overall value #1 at meeting ROI expectations #1 at lowering IT costs

7 Focus: Improved value Next generation TCO reduction Virtualization: Delivering improved IT utilization 2005 Partner Applications Directory Authentication Security Storage Management Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat Network 2006 Virtualized Environment Virtualized Environment Partner Applications Virtualized Environment Partner Applications Partner Applications Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux Partner Hardware Partner Hardware Partner Hardware Red Hat Network Partner Hardware De facto standard application development environment

8 Security Agility Reduced Cost Virtualization Product features are subject to change prior to final product availability.

9 What is Virtualization? Multiplex one machine into different Virtual Machines VMs Allows a Guest OS to run under control of a supervising master program that is called: Hypervisor or Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM). Hypervisor/VMM Hardware Hypervisor / VMM Functionality: Virtualizes System Resources Provides Scheduling of host/guests Intra guest communication

10 Xen Virtualization Technology The Leading Hypervisor Technology, Developed by the Open Source Community working with XenSource. Almost native OS Performance Separate the Server Hardware from the Server Software resulting a guest Operating Systems that: Completely and Securely Isolated Allows different workload to co exist on same physical hardware sharing resources safely Improved Enterprise Agility: Ability to migrate guests (in less than 100ms) from one environment to another in response to demand. Guests can be cloned to add redundancy or capacity without adding cost or managing complexity

11 Device Drivers Backend Drivers Xen Architecture Domain 0 Privileged Domain, the host. Provides hardware support (backend drivers) interfaces for guests control and management tools Unprivileged Domain: The Guest or the Virtual Machine. CPU, Memory, Storage Dom0 DomU Control Frontend Drivers Xen Hypervisor RHEL Xen Hypervisor provides IRQ routing, Scheduling, and interdomains communications. The Hypervisor with the Dom0 Device Drivers provide transparent sharing of resources. It also enforces strict resource limitations (example: RAM). Hardware

12 Application Application Application Application Application Red Hat Virtualization Platform Based on Xen Technology. Given the current level of performance and maturity, Xen is the undisputed leader in VM1 VM2 VM3 VM4 VMn open source virtualization. Operating System Integration yields significantly better performance. RHEL ES RHEL ES RHEL ES RHEL ES RHEL ES libvirt local Virtual Machine (VM) management API that enables Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS Xen Hypervisor Hardware management and monitoring integration Processor(s) IO Devices Memory

13 Red Hat Added Value Installation tools: Anaconda Red Hat Installer is Virtualization aware ; ease Virtualization setup and installation Management Tools: Red Hat Network ISV and IHV Certification Storage: Global File System (GFS) integration Red Hat Network RH Cluster Suite GFS Red Hat Enterprise Linux Hardware Dom2 Dom1 App1 App2 Others RHEL 4 RHEL 3 Xen Hypervisor Domn App X Red Hat Delivers Useful, Reliable, and Tested Solutions

14 Solving Real Business Problems Server Consolidation: Enhanced TCO Current average utilization is between 15% to 25% Current maximum Average utilization is 45% Advantages for the data center: Increase server utilization Better workload Free Utilized Reduce Power Reduce Cooling Reduce Space Reduce Hardware Cost 15% 20% Utilized 80% Utilized

15 Application Dev Env Dev Env Solving Real Business Problems Development and QA environments Secure and compartmentalized instances; think chroot jail. Simplify test scripting and execution for qualifications Simplify test simulation Advantages Rapid Deployment and Adoption Shorten Certification Process RHEL RHEL RHEL Red Hat Enterprise Linux Xen Hypervisor Hardware CPU(s) IO Memory compartmentalized

16 Solving Real Business Problems Other Use Cases: Running Legacy applications on newer hardware Reduced cost for: Provisioning, Manageability, and Security Dynamic Migration of Workloads Fault error containment Disaster Recovery

17 Red Hat Virtualization: Roadmap Alpha Technology Preview Available now in Fedora Core 5

18 Some things are worth remembering... Summary Xen is a paravirtualizing hypervisor system High performance, but needs a modified OS kernel Can do full virtualization with hardware support Common use cases: consolidation, security, management, testing Advanced features: memory ballooning, live migration Xen is still in development X86 64, IA64, PPC64 still in flux Xen is a technology to watch, it should be enterprise ready soon Xen is in Fedora Core 5

19 Questions

20 Thank You

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