A REVIEW OF THE CAUSES, TRENDS, IMPACT AND MITIGATION OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO KENYA

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "A REVIEW OF THE CAUSES, TRENDS, IMPACT AND MITIGATION OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO KENYA"

Transcription

1 Abstract A REVIEW OF THE CAUSES, TRENDS, IMPACT AND MITIGATION OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO KENYA By Mamboleo Dennis and Wakhungu Jacob Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology It is estimated that slightly over 1.2 million people die annually across the world from road accidents while between million people sustain injuries. The youths from the low and middle income countries of the world are the most affected. Human and environmental errors are the some of the causes of road accidents globally. Kenyan roads claim about 10 lives every day and the trend seem to be surging upwards with the entry of motorcycles into the passenger transport sector. Individuals, families and institutions experience socio-economic, physical and psychological problems. Preventive and adoption of tried and successful measures of reducing road accidents and injuries may help solve the problem. By the end of 2010, Kenya had registered over 200,000, implying that motor cycle crashes, deaths and injuries will probably double from what it was in Scholars, transport stakeholders and other institutions need to do research in this industry so as to determine the causes, trends, and the impact of motorcycle accidents in the country. Such findings may also establish mitigation measures on motor cycle accidents. It is important to note that motor cycle accidents are preventable; adoption of motor cycle traffic policies that have been successful in some parts of the world by Kenya can make the industry to prosper. Key words: motorcycle crashes, causes, trends, deaths, disability, poverty, legislation laws Introduction Road carnage is a global health problem and its magnitude is worrying in both the developed and developing world (WHO, 2010a). About 3,300 lives are lost daily due to road crashes globally, with an estimated million sustaining injuries annually (WHO, 2009; WHO, 2010b). Road traffic injuries are the leading killer of the most economically productive group (15-25 years) in the world (WHO, 2007; WHO, 2008; WHO, 2009). Most of the world s accidents occurred in low-income and middle-income countries of the world whereby public transport vehicles, private cars, three and two-wheeled vehicles and pedestrians significantly contributed to road accidents in one way or the other (WHO, 2009). It was projected that by the year 2030, the road traffic injuries will be ranked fifth overall in deaths globally up from ninth position in 2004 (WHO, 2009). Of the total traffic deaths reported in the following countries in 2007, global motorcycle mortality rates were highest in Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, France, USA and México at 70, 63, 61, 58, 25, 11, and 6% respectively (Odera, 2009). In the East African region, two-wheel automobiles have recently become a popular mode of public transport, and statistics have revealed that motor cycle accidents are claiming many lives. In 2007, 16% of Rwanda s 1

2 total road accident deaths were due to motorcycles accidents, while in Uganda and Tanzania, 7% of the total deaths were attributed to motorcycle crashes (Odera, 2009). The causes of motor cycle accidents are human, environmental errors and defective vehicles (Haworth, 2010; WHO, 2010). Motorcycle mortality rates in Kenya have been surging upwards with records showing that between 2005 and 2009, motor cycle deaths excluding passengers rose from 1.7% to 6.1% in the same period (Odera, 2009). The consequences of these accidents include premature deaths, prohibitive treatment costs, disability and other psychological problems (Simiyu et al, 2010, WHO, 2010b). Increased deaths and injuries will most likely hamper the realization of global millennium development goals of fighting hunger, and accessing education and eradicating poverty by half by 2015, (UNDP, 2010; WHO, 2009). Urgent interventions to prevent more deaths and injuries need to be identified and examined so as to reduce the carnage (WHO, 2009; WHO, 2010), which has mostly affected the youths who have secured employment in the sector, which is viewed as cheap, reliable and the quickest means of transport in the rural, sub-urban and urban areas (Odera, 2009). The purpose of this article was to review and discuss the causes, trends and impact of motor cycle accidents, and also at look at some successful mitigation measures in some parts of the world that would be applicable in Kenya. Causes of motorcycle accidents in Kenya Kenya s roads are characterized by many observable, unprofessional driving behaviors such as over-speeding, driving on the wrong lanes, careless overtaking, overloading, carrying wide loads and making turns at inappropriate points without proper turning signals (Odera, 2009), have all been cited as causes of motor cycle accidents in Kenya. A research study conducted in Los Angeles, USA by Hurt et al. (1981) on Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures found that most motor cycle accidents were as a result of collisions with other passenger automobiles, or some stationery objects (Hurt et al., 1981). It was also observed that over-speeding while negotiating sharp corners resulted to the rider sliding and falling out of the moving motorcycle (Hurt et al. 1981; Haworth, 2007; Haworth 2010). Other causes included poor road network planning, where roads were shared by both the motor cyclists and four-wheeled vehicles (Hurt et al. 1981; McCarthy et al., 2007). In other instances, some vehicles were found violating the right of way of the motorcyclists (Hurt et al., 1981, Samaha, 2010). The inability of vehicle drivers to detect and recognize motorcycles while in the traffic was another cause; some motorists were found to be deliberately obstructing motorcyclists, hence causing accidents (Hurt et al., 1981; Samaha et al., 2010). Road junctions were death spots where traffic lights were often ignored (Hurt et al., 1981; Samaha et al 2010). Also, inconspicuity of motorcyclists by motorists; majority of the motorcycle drivers did not undergo formal training, while some lacked the legal riding street experience of three years (Hurt et al. 1981; Haworth, 2010). The study also established that some 2

3 motorcyclists did not concentrate on driving, and some used alcohol while they were at work (Hurt et al., 1981; Samaha, 2010). Trend of motor cycle accidents The trend of road traffic deaths and injuries in Kenya attributed to motorcycles were on the increase as the deaths caused by motorcycle accidents in Kenya between were nearly five times more in 2009 than it was in 2006 (Odera, 2009). In 2010, about 9,000 motorcycles entered into the transport sector every month and by December 2010, the registered number of motorcycles had soared to nearly 200,000 from 91,151 in December 2009 (KNBS, 2010). Haworth (2010) also noted that a large number of motor cycles that entered the market led to increased deaths and injuries. As indicated, the large numbers of motor cycles that enter the market imply that the number of crashes associated with them will increase as well. Impact of motorcycle accidents Over-speeding in most cases ends tragically with deaths and severe injuries being reported (WHO, 2007). Rune et al. (2004) asserted that Despite the complexity of the relationship between impact speed and the probability of sustaining injuries of a given severity, there is no doubt at all that the probability of sustaining fatal or serious injury increases dramatically as impact speed increases. Facial disfigurement is usually expected once an accident occurs, especially when a fullface helmet is not used (Hurt et al. 1981, Odera, 2009; Samaha 2010); muscle tears at the elbows, shoulders, hips, knees and wrists, fingers, spine and neck if the rider had not put on the riding protective clothing, which are abrasion resistant in design (Rome, 2006). Fatal accidents usually result into disability. Disability can be a physical ailment, mental, intellectual or sensory malfunctioning REF which inhibits one from performing the daily living activities in persons who were once independent WHO, 2010d). Disability may be defined as a person s lack of capacity in functioning at the body, person, or societal levels, in one or more life domains, as experienced by an individual with a health condition in interaction with contextual factors (WHO, 2010d). One example among many other many disabilities is the traumatic brain injury which renders the survivor completely dependent (Emejulu et al., 2010). With these incapacitations, patients have to stay in hospital for long periods of time to undergo surgery and receive medications. In the long run, the hospital bills become so huge that they overwhelm most families and at the same time put a strain on national health resources (WHO, 2007; Odera, 2009; WHO, 2009). Other consequences associated with road traffic injuries are the indirect costs for individuals, such as the loss of both employment and property (WHO, 2010b). Estimates show that most countries of the world lose between 1% 2% of its gross national product in direct costs (WHO, 2010b). The Kenyan economy spends over US$ 50 million on accidents, and this estimate does not take into account the lost lives (WHO, 2004). 3

4 The accident survivors experience several emotional problems such as acute, moderately severe emotional distress and acute stress syndrome characterized by mood disturbance and horrific memories of the accident (Richard et al. 1993). Poverty is also a consequence of road crashes, for example, many households in India, Bangladesh, Bangalore and Vietnam became victims of poverty after road crashes (WHO, 2008). Motorcycle accident mitigation measures The Hurt Report (1981) noted that of the 900 cases they investigated in Los Angeles, USA, 59.7% sustained injuries because they were not wearing helmets. Failure to wear approved helmets when riding contributed significantly to more injuries (UN, 2010; WHO, 2010b), a situation that is most conspicuous with a large percentage of Kenyan riders (Odera, 2009). To enhance conspicuity of motorcyclists by motorists, motorcyclists must make use of motorcycle headlamps during the day; wear bright colored clothing such as yellow, orange or bright red jackets whenever riding as this significantly reduced involvement in accidents while on the road (Hurt et al. 1981). These measures that lack in Kenya especially with majority of motor cycle passengers (Odera, 2009). The Iran government enforced some traffic interventions such as the motorcycle helmet law, which made the use of helmets compulsory in all 28 provinces in By 2007, fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants decreased from 38.2 to 31.8 (WHO, 2010b). These measures lack in the Kenyan system which has not enforced laws that govern motor cycle business (Odera, 2009). The governments of Iraq and Cambodia trained members of the public on how to offer firstaid to accident victims at the scenes of accidents. Coupled with good hospital and rehabilitation care where none existed, many lives were saved in northern Iraq villages (WHO, 2008). In Kenya, similar road safety strategies that have not been legislated (Odera, 2009) to deal with vast numbers of motor cycles that enter the market (KNBS, 2010). Legislation by governments can be a valuable tool that can greatly benefit the citizenry if they are provided with the necessary human and physical resources. The governments of Romania and Cambodia availed qualified medical personnel and emergency medical services to the injured, measures which saved many lives than before (WHO, 2008). The use of helmets by both the motorcycle riders and the passengers is the best way to prevent severe injuries (Hinds, 2007). Helmet use reduces severe injuries from70% to 40% (WHO, 2010b). WHO reports on road safety advocate that governments enforce laws that require the mandatory use of standard helmets (WHO, 2010b) and protective clothing by motorcycle riders and passengers (Rome, 2006; WHO, 2009). In Kenya, pillion passengers ride without safety riding gears such as helmets or reflective clothing. Building separate roads for non-motorized vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists and motorized vehicles will be a preventive measure for motorcycle accidents because many road users are vulnerable because of lack of proper planning of roads (WHO, 2007; WHO, 2010b). In Kenya, the road network system has not been properly developed; both non-motorized and motorized vehicles share the same roads and the same lanes. 4

5 There is need for the government to implement specific actions aimed at preventing road traffic crashes and minimize injuries. Such measures include the enforcement of speed limits and at the same time ensure reduced drunk-driving (UN, 2010; WHO, 2010b). Research has shown that pedestrians have 90% chances of surviving car crashes of 30kph or less and 50% survival chances at 45kph (WHO, 2010b). In Kenya, motor cycle traffic laws have not been enforced and the operations of the sector are haphazardly conducted. The allocation of sufficient financial and qualified human resources by the government will effectively deal with the road carnage. It will help in the enforcement of the legislated road safety strategies such as erection of proper road signs, regularly mark and maintain the zebra crossings and regulate driving speed (WHO, 2008; WHO; 2009; WHO, 2010b). The government needs to urgently assess the road traffic injuries problem, enact road safety policies and delegate particular responsibilities to specific institutions which will ensure that safety for all is given the priority (WHO, 2009). The government and those delegated with the responsibility must ascertain that all motorcycle drivers are formally trained and licensed, understand the risks all road users are exposed to, and acquire a mandatory driving experience (Hurt 1981). Majority of motor cycle drivers in Kenya are not formally trained and therefore operate without driving licenses, endangering their own and others safety. Road carnage is a worldwide disaster and more investment in terms of research resources needs to be invested so as to look for ways which can prevent and or reduce road crashes (WHO, 2009). So far the East Asian countries have given much attention to research on road traffic injury (WHO, 2010ab). In Kenya, negligible research has been done on the gravity of motor cycles accidents and injuries, and at the same time research funds which may help make motor cycle transport business safer and profitable need to be priorized. Pre-hospital care worked well in Cambodia, Iraq, Ghana and Mexico where ambulances were availed on crash sites; training standards for medical staff were defined and prompt response to emergency calls adhered to by both medical personnel and trained members of the public (WHO, 2010a). This is an effort that the Kenya government needs to try and help the injured before they can reach the hospitals for further medical care. Trauma patients were professionally attended to by a team of experts such as surgeons, medical doctors, nurses and pharmacists. Social workers who were handy in hospitals especially during accident peak times prevented and reduced many deaths from occurring as witnessed in Thailand, Qatar and Vietnam (WHO, 2010a). There is need for rehabilitation teams stationed at various hospitals in Kenya to offer consultancy services to the seriously injured persons and their families on admission. These teams have helped save many lives in countries like Brazil and India (WHO, 2010a). National improvements in terms of pre-hospital care for accident persons at the accident scenes by medical personnel and inter-hospital transfers for specialized treatment for the severely injured persons reduced the mortality rate from 52% in 1990 to 8% in 1998 (WHO, 2010a). This measure if adopted by Kenya will reduce the high death rates currently witnessed on the roads. 5

6 General Discussion About 3,300 persons perish every day from road accidents globally with the youths aged15-25 years claiming the leading position, yet they are the most economically productive group in the society (WHO, 2009). This trend if not checked will be disastrous especially to the developing world where global population traffic deaths by income against percentage of registered vehicles show that low and middle-income countries traffic deaths stand at 91.5% against 48 % of the registered vehicles (WHO, 2009). With the increasing entry of motor cycles into the market for use as a means of public transport, accidents shall remain to be high (Haworth, 2010; WHO, 2010c). Kenya loses about eight lives every day due to road accidents (Odera, 2009; WHO, 2010c) and the situation may worsen with the introduction of motorcycles into the transport sector. Between 2006 and 2009 alone, the deaths from motorcycle accidents rose by five times (Odera 2009). By the end of 2009, there were 91,151 motorcycles and by December 2010 there were slightly over 100,000 new motorcycles in the market (KNBS, 2010). This implies that the deaths from motorcycle accidents in 2010 most probably doubled up from Many motorcycle accidents on roads can be partially attributable to non-experienced drivers as revealed in a study conducted (Hurt et al., 1981). It also found that majority of the motorcycle operators were not trained or licensed (Haworth, 2010). The Kenyan situation is similar to the above. This shows why majority of the drivers flout crucial traffic rules such as overtaking at sharp corners, overlapping within lanes despite having vehicles on both lanes, overloading where in some instances a rider can carry up to more than two passengers, carrying very wide loads on busy roads and over-speeding (Odera, 2009). Age of motor cycle drivers in Kenya is also a contributing factor because some are apparently less than the mandatory driving age as it has been reported in other countries (Haworth, 2010). This is the group that is often indecisive in making informed traffic choices. It is also suspected that many of the Kenyan operators are under the influence of alcohol whenever they are at work while others can be seen plying without using the recommended safety riding gears such as reflective jackets and helmets which are crucial in preventing injuries and fatal accidents. This confirms reports of researchers from other countries ((Hurt 1981; Rome, 2006; Odera, 2009; WHO, 2009; Samaha, 2010). The trends of motor cycle accidents were on the increase between 2006 and 2009 in Kenya (Odera, 2009). The pattern was likely to remain the same with the average entry of about 9,000 new motor cycles in the market per month in 2010 (KNBS, 2010). Coupled with recklessness and inexperience of motor cycle drivers, this situation in Kenya is predictable (Odera, 2009; UN, 2010; WHO 2010c). Kenyan accident survivors and their families suffer from severe stress while others are traumatized which is I n conformity with research findings elsewhere (Rune et al. 2004; Hinds et al., 2007; WHO, 2007). Individuals are temporarily or permanently disabled; poverty creeps into most households as a result of the deaths of bread winners, disposal of family properties, the 6

7 government spends so many resources in terms of money and medical personnel in taking care of accident persons (WHO, 2010b). Preventive and precautionary measures are crucial in preventing and reducing the severity of injuries resulting from road crashes such as use of helmets, putting on headlights whenever riding (Hurt 1981 et al., WHO 2008). These measures have not been enforced in Kenya. Policies aimed at putting in place safety mechanisms for all road users by the government, ensuring their legislation, allowed to drive only if licensed, no drunk-driving (Hurt et al. 1981; WHO 2009; WHO, 2010b); the traffic law must not be lenient on errant motorcyclists as is the current situation in Kenya. The government in collaboration with other stakeholders such as the Automobile Association (AA) need to plan for research funds aimed at improving the road safety, training members of the public and medical personnel on how to deal with accident victims at crash sites and sensitizing the public on safe use of the roads. This has been implemented in other countries e.g. Iraq and Cambodia, Ghana and Mexico (Hurt et al., 1981; WHO, 2009; WHO, 2010a). Organizing seminars on the proper use of roads by both motorcyclists and motorists, police enforcement of traffic rules, motor cycle traffic legislation and enactment laws, and erecting proper road signs in particular spots especially schools and markets may reduce accidents on the roads (UN, 2010; WHO, 2008; WHO, 2009; WHO, 2010b). These rules and set ups have not been realized in Kenya. Conclusions i. Research has pointed out that the major causes of accidents by the two-wheel motorized vehicles are human, environmental errors and mechanically faulty motor cycles. ii. The pattern of motor cycle accidents in Kenya is likely to surpass the death toll given the large number of motor cycles that entered the market in Research has shown that increased crashes, deaths and disability are as a result of increased motor cycles in the market. iii. The consequences of road crashes include deaths, disability, poverty, loss of jobs, emotional distress and strain on family and national resources in the care and treatment of the injured. iv. It is noted the government has not put in place the required legislation, enactment and enforcement of motor cycle safety laws to regulate the industry. Recommendations i. Motor cycle drivers must undergo formal training where they learn safety riding rules; regularly service their vehicles as this will prevent and reduce traffic crashes, deaths and injuries ii. The government needs to regulate the number of motor cycles it registers annually as this will curb and or reduce the recently witnessed increasing death tolls due to motor cycle accidents. 7

8 iii. iv. Legislation, enactment and enforcement of motor cycle traffic laws by the government will minimize accidents and other psychosocial and economic effects related to motor cycle carnage. The government of Kenya and other stakeholders need to inject funds into research projects aimed making the sector safer and profitable. Additionally, adoption and implementation of WHO successful road safety programmes by the government and also involve other multi-sectoral organizations in addressing road safety issues. References Emejulu, J.K.C., Isiguzo C.M., Agbasoga C.E., Ogbuagu C.N. (2010) Traumatic Brain Injury in the Accident and Emergency Department of a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria, East and Central African Journal of Surgery, Vol. 15, No. 2, Haworth, Narelle L. and Rowden, Peter J. (2010) Challenges in improving the safety of learner motorcyclists. In: Proceedings of 20th Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference, 6-9 June, 2010, Niagara Falls, Ontario. Haworth, Narelle L. and Nielson, Angela L. (2008) Motor scooters and mopeds-are increasing sales translating into increasing crashes?. In Proceedings TRB 87 th Annual Meeting, Washington DC. Hinds John D., Gareth Allen, Craig G. Morris (2007) (Review) Trauma and motorcyclists; born to be wild, bound to be injured Injury, International Journal of the Care of the Injured 38, Hurt H.H., Quellet J.V., Thom D.R. (1981 Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures Volume 1: Technical Report K.N.B.S. (2010) Leading Economic Indicators. Government of Kenya McCarthy M.G., Hutchins L.K., Tong R., Keigan M. (2007) Comparative analysis of Motor Cycle Accidents from OTS and MAIDS, Published Project Report PPR 168 Odera Wilson (2009) Motorcycle Injuries in East Africa: Magnitude, Risk Factors and Prevention. RTIRN Regional Workshop, Accra, Ghana, December 2. Richard Mayou, Bridget Bryant, Robert Duthie (1993) Psychiatric consequences of road traffic accidents. BMJ 307, Rome de Liz (2006) The injury reduction benefits of motor cycle protective clothing. NTSB Motor cycle Safety Forum, September, Sydney, Australia Rune Elvik, Peter Christensen, Astrid Amundsen (2004) Speed and road accidents An evaluation of the Power Model. TOI report 740/2004 Rune Elvik, Alena Hoye, Truls Vaa, Michael Sorensen (2009) The Handbook of Road Safety Measure, 2 nd Edition, Emerald Publishing Limited Samaha Randa Radwan, Kazuyoshi Kuroki, Kennerly Digges (2007) Opportunities for Safety Improvements in Motorcycle Crashes in the United States: National Crash Analysis Center, The George Washington University 8

9 Simiyu R.N., Neyole E.M., Mutsotso S.N., (2010) Disease Burden among Households of Illicit Brew Drinkers in Kenya. International Journal of Disaster Management and Risk Reduction 2, 8-18 UNDP (2010) The MDGs: Challenges and Opportunities. Poverty Practice Group Bureau for Development Policy UN General Assembly (2010) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly: 64/255. Improving global road safety WHO (2010) Eastern Mediterranean status report on road safety: call for action /Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean WHO (2009) Global status report on road safety: time for action. Geneva WHO (2010) Kenya: Road safety in ten countries. Road safety in 10 countries (RS10) project WHO (2010) Strengthening care for the injured: success stories and lessons learned from around the world. Geneva WHO (2010c) WHO Policy on the Employment of Persons with Disabilities. Geneva WHO (2008) World report on child injury prevention/edited by Margie Peden et al Geneva WHO (2007) Toroyan T., Peden M., Youth and Road Safety, Geneva WHO (2004) World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention-Summary.edited by Pedan et al., Geneva. 9

Magnitude, Risk Factors and

Magnitude, Risk Factors and Motorcycle Injuries in East Africa: Magnitude, Risk Factors and Prevention RTIRN Regional Workshop, Accra, Ghana, December 2, 2009 P f Wil Od Prof. Wilson Odero Maseno University, Kenya Introduction Outline

More information

INCREASING MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE

INCREASING MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE INCREASING MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE Head injuries among motorcyclists are a growing concern Rapid growth in the use of motorized twowheeled vehicles in many countries has been accompanied by increases in

More information

Road Traffic Injuries in Kenya: A Survey of Motorcycle Drivers (V. 1.0, 13 June 2014)

Road Traffic Injuries in Kenya: A Survey of Motorcycle Drivers (V. 1.0, 13 June 2014) Fact Sheet Road Traffic Injuries in Kenya: A Survey of Motorcycle Drivers (V. 1.0, 13 June 2014) Summary & Background The World Health Organization estimates that over 1.2 million people die from road

More information

Fatal motorcycle crashes in north Queensland: characteristics and potential interventions

Fatal motorcycle crashes in north Queensland: characteristics and potential interventions Fatal motorcycle crashes in north Queensland: characteristics and potential interventions Ross Blackman¹, Dale Steinhardt¹, Craig Veitch² ¹Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety Queensland, Queensland

More information

Motorcycles and road safety Lessons from overseas?

Motorcycles and road safety Lessons from overseas? Motorcycles and road safety Lessons from overseas? Dr Alan Ross Road Safety Management Adviser alanross999@gmail.com Millions of vehicles In 1950 There Were About 60 Million Motor Vehicles World-wide.

More information

Cycle safety. Monograph 17. Cycle safety: a national perspective. Cycle helmets

Cycle safety. Monograph 17. Cycle safety: a national perspective. Cycle helmets Monograph 17 Cycle safety ISSN: 1444-3503 ISBN: 1 877071 85 4 Cycle safety: a national perspective Cycling is an important form of transport and recreation for many Australians. It is accessible to a wide

More information

CHAPTER 5. Conclusions and recommendations

CHAPTER 5. Conclusions and recommendations CHAPTER 5 Conclusions and recommendations CHAPTER 5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 157 Road traffic crashes occur on all continents, in every country of the world. Every year they take the lives of

More information

ROAD SAFETY AND POVERTY DYNAMICS IN BANGLADESH. Mohiuzzaman Quazi Senior Transport Engineer World Bank, Dhaka

ROAD SAFETY AND POVERTY DYNAMICS IN BANGLADESH. Mohiuzzaman Quazi Senior Transport Engineer World Bank, Dhaka ROAD SAFETY AND POVERTY DYNAMICS IN BANGLADESH Mohiuzzaman Quazi Senior Transport Engineer World Bank, Dhaka The Problem Worldwide: Road crashes will move up to third place in the world league table for

More information

ASSESSMENT OF THE MAGNITUDE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA. Theme: Research and evidence based practice. By S.

ASSESSMENT OF THE MAGNITUDE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA. Theme: Research and evidence based practice. By S. ASSESSMENT OF THE MAGNITUDE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA Theme: Research and evidence based practice By S. Saria Definitions Introduction / Context Objectives Methods Results

More information

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN TRIPOLI - LIBYA

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN TRIPOLI - LIBYA Proceeding the 6th Civil Engineering Conference in Asia Region: Embracing the Future through Sustainability ISBN 978-602-8605-08-3 CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN TRIPOLI - LIBYA Amiruddin

More information

Welsh Fire and Rescue Services Road Safety Strategy 2015-2020

Welsh Fire and Rescue Services Road Safety Strategy 2015-2020 All Wales Call Challenge Welsh Fire and Rescue Services Road Safety Strategy 2015-2020 GWASANAETH TÂN AC ACHUB Canolbarth a Gorllewin Cymru Mid and West Wales FIRE AND RESCUE SERVICE 2 Contents Executive

More information

SSMJ Issue 2 Vol 4. Downloaded from http://www.southernsudanmedicaljournal.com

SSMJ Issue 2 Vol 4. Downloaded from http://www.southernsudanmedicaljournal.com Motorcycle-Related Trauma in South Sudan: a cross sectional observational study. Andrew Allan, University of Birmingham. AXA615@bham.ac.uk Abstract Motorcycle related trauma is a major cause of morbidity

More information

The Alarming Facts of Road Accidents in India

The Alarming Facts of Road Accidents in India The Alarming Facts of Road Accidents in India! BMW Z3 Honda Accord On behalf of Indian Orthopaedic Association Prepared by Dr S Rajasekaran, President-Indian Orthopaedic Association (sr@gangahospital.com)

More information

Colorado Cyclists. The Rules Of The Road For. Your Rights and Responsibilities as a Colorado Cyclist

Colorado Cyclists. The Rules Of The Road For. Your Rights and Responsibilities as a Colorado Cyclist The Rules Of The Road For Colorado Cyclists Your Rights and Responsibilities as a Colorado Cyclist Crawford Weiss, LLC Phone (303) 741-0249 www.denversaccidentlawyer.com 2015 The Rules Of The Road For

More information

Motorcycle and Scooter crashes Recorded by NSW Police from January to December 2011

Motorcycle and Scooter crashes Recorded by NSW Police from January to December 2011 Motorcycle and Scooter crashes Recorded by NSW Police from January to December 2011 Data supplied by the Centre for Road Safety, Transport for NSW Analysis completed by the Survive The Ride Association

More information

The Burgeoning Public Health Crisis: Demand Analysis and Market Opportunity for Advanced Trauma Systems in the Developing World

The Burgeoning Public Health Crisis: Demand Analysis and Market Opportunity for Advanced Trauma Systems in the Developing World The Burgeoning Public Health Crisis: Demand Analysis and Market Opportunity for Advanced Trauma Systems in the Developing World Globally, the causes of mortality will experience significant shifts over

More information

Overview of Road Safety in Africa & AfDB ssupport. Girma Berhanu BEZABEH (Dr.-Ing.) Transport Engineer African Development Bank

Overview of Road Safety in Africa & AfDB ssupport. Girma Berhanu BEZABEH (Dr.-Ing.) Transport Engineer African Development Bank Overview of Road Safety in Africa & AfDB ssupport Girma Berhanu BEZABEH (Dr.-Ing.) Transport Engineer African Development Bank I. Road Safety in Africa II. Progresses & Challenges III. AfDB s Road Safety

More information

CHILDREN S INJURIES. There is never any attorney fee until your child s case settles.

CHILDREN S INJURIES. There is never any attorney fee until your child s case settles. BICYCLE ACCIDENTS If you have been seriously injured when bicycling, please call me for a consultation. Bicycling is an enjoyable hobby. Many people also ride their bicycles to work. However, it should

More information

Motorcyclists killed and injured (1980 2012)

Motorcyclists killed and injured (1980 2012) Motorcyclists CRASH FACTSHEET November 2013 CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2012 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport In 2012, 50 motorcyclists 1 died and a further 1,138 were injured

More information

Iowa CODES Fact Sheet 1. Traumatic Brain Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicle Crash (MVC) - 2007-2009

Iowa CODES Fact Sheet 1. Traumatic Brain Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicle Crash (MVC) - 2007-2009 Iowa CODES Fact Sheet 1 Traumatic Brain Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicle Crash (MVC) - 2007-2009 Of all types of injury, traumatic brain injuries () are among the most likely to cause death or permanent

More information

Contributory factors to road accidents

Contributory factors to road accidents Contributory factors to road accidents Jonathan Mosedale, Andrew Purdy and Eddie Clarkson, Transport Statistics: Road Safety, Department for Transport Introduction The STATS19 national system of collection

More information

Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One

Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One Table of Contents Introduction! 3 How to use this resource! 3 The Issue of Injury! 4 General information! 4 Motor Vehicle Collisions!

More information

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 6th Edition

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 6th Edition SAFE CYCLING GUIDE 6th Edition BEFORE SETTING OUT A WELL-MAINTAINED BICYCLE is key A Check tire pressure B Check that the chain does not slip C Check the brakes D Check lights and reflectors: 3 4 1 5 2

More information

"The Hurt Report" (AKA "Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures")

The Hurt Report (AKA Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures) "The Hurt Report" (AKA "Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures") A brief summary of the findings is listed below. To order the full report, contact: National Technical

More information

BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES

BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES Injury Prevention Plan of Alabama 3 BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES THE PROBLEM: An estimated 140,000 children are treated each year in emergency departments for head injuries sustained

More information

Section C: Examples of Interventions in the Developing World. Adnan Hyder, MD, PhD

Section C: Examples of Interventions in the Developing World. Adnan Hyder, MD, PhD This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this

More information

Child Cycling Injury Prevention

Child Cycling Injury Prevention Child Cycling Injury Prevention Simone Randle Injury Prevention Advisor SimoneR@adhb.govt.nz Cycling fatalities, 2003-07 All child cyclist deaths: 12 deaths: 11 boys, 1 girl 7 deaths amongst boys 10-14

More information

Road accidents in Kenya: a case of poor road network or human error?

Road accidents in Kenya: a case of poor road network or human error? Road accidents in Kenya: a case of poor road network or human error? Leacky K. Muchene 1,2 1 StatsDecide, Nairobi, Kenya info@ statsdecide. com 2 Universiteit Hasselt, Diepenbeek, Belgium leacky. muchene@

More information

ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED THE ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MEDICAL CENTRE, KUALA LUMPUR

ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED THE ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MEDICAL CENTRE, KUALA LUMPUR ORIGINAL ARTICLE JUMMEC 2008:11(1) ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED THE ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MEDICAL CENTRE, KUALA LUMPUR Moe H Department of Social

More information

Causes of Road Accidents in Pakistan

Causes of Road Accidents in Pakistan 22 J. Asian Dev. Stud, Vol. 1, Issue 1, (March 2012). ISSN 2304-375X Causes of Road Accidents in Pakistan By Abdul Manan Khan 1 and Ansa Tehreem 2 Abstract Every day many people are killed and injured

More information

Traffic accidents in Hanoi: data collection and analysis

Traffic accidents in Hanoi: data collection and analysis Traffic accidents in Hanoi: data collection and analysis Nguyen Hoang Hai Vietnam, Hanoi Department of Transport, haitups@yahoo.com.au 1. Introduction Hanoi, the capital and administrative center of Vietnam,

More information

LESSONS OF AN EXPERIENCED NEW YORK BIKE ACCIDENT LAWYER

LESSONS OF AN EXPERIENCED NEW YORK BIKE ACCIDENT LAWYER April 2009 BIKING IN NYC LESSONS OF AN EXPERIENCED NEW YORK BIKE ACCIDENT LAWYER The Perils Of Bicycle Riding In New York City- Here s What You Need To Know EVER BEEN DOORED? I have. EVER BEEN CUT OFF

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

Road fatalities in 2012

Road fatalities in 2012 Cambodia Source: IRTAD, National Road Safety Committee Inhabitants Vehicles/1 000 inhabitants Road fatalities in 2012 Fatalities /100 000 inhabitants in 2012 14.7 million 148 1 966 13.4 Cambodia joined

More information

Drinking and Driving: Global Status

Drinking and Driving: Global Status Drinking and Driving: Global Status Ward Vanlaar, Ph.D. Vice President Research Traffic Injury Research Foundation Bogotá, Colombia November 19th, 2013 1 One million dollar question How is Colombia doing

More information

SAFETY PROCESS. Martin Small

SAFETY PROCESS. Martin Small SAFETY PROCESS Martin Small With a broad transport policy background including extensive work in the maritime sector, Martin Small has been working in road safety for five years, in a variety of roles

More information

Deploying Road Safety In Europe A New Approach for managing Road Safety

Deploying Road Safety In Europe A New Approach for managing Road Safety ASECAP TOLL ROADS: A SAFE JOURNEY IN EUROPE Athens, 1 March 2011 Deploying Road Safety In Europe A New Approach for managing Road Safety By Dimitrios Tsamboulas Professor National Technical University

More information

Proposal 1. I. M. Writer 520 Safe Drive St. Anytown, Anystate, USA 01000 (555) 555-1212. October 13, 2004

Proposal 1. I. M. Writer 520 Safe Drive St. Anytown, Anystate, USA 01000 (555) 555-1212. October 13, 2004 Proposal 1 Cover letter I. M. Writer 520 Safe Drive St. Anytown, Anystate, USA 01000 (555) 555-1212 October 13, 2004 Mr. David Decider Director, Policy Branch Department of Highways 759 Main Rd. E. Suite

More information

Fairfax Motor Vehicle Accident Attorneys

Fairfax Motor Vehicle Accident Attorneys Washington DC Personal Injury Attorney Personal Injury Attorneys Virginia Car Accident Lawyer Serving Washington, D.C., Virginia and Maryland Have you or a loved one been seriously injured by the negligent

More information

Multisectoral collaboration

Multisectoral collaboration Unit 6. MULTISECTORAL COLLABORATION 89 UNIT 6 Multisectoral collaboration Overview Objectives Why collaborate? What kind of collaboration can be developed? Activity International collaboration National

More information

Legislative Council Panel on Transport. Cycling Safety and Use of Safety Equipment for Cyclists

Legislative Council Panel on Transport. Cycling Safety and Use of Safety Equipment for Cyclists LC Paper No. CB(1)1130/10-11(05) For Discussion 28 January 2011 Legislative Council Panel on Transport Cycling Safety and Use of Safety Equipment for Cyclists Purpose This paper briefs members on Government

More information

Vehicle safety: A move towards zero fatalities

Vehicle safety: A move towards zero fatalities 3rd. Asia Automobile Institute Summit Vehicle safety: A move towards zero fatalities Presented by: Mr.Nithipol Ekboonyarit Mr.Sakesilp Banpasuka : Specialist of Auto. Part Development (TAI) : Specialist

More information

UNEP recommendations to KURA on Improving Safety and Reducing Congestion on UN Avenue (7 October 2009; revised 23 November 2009)

UNEP recommendations to KURA on Improving Safety and Reducing Congestion on UN Avenue (7 October 2009; revised 23 November 2009) UNEP recommendations to KURA on Improving Safety and Reducing Congestion on UN Avenue (7 October 2009; revised 23 November 2009) UN Avenue extends for 2 km between Limuru Road and Ruaka Road (Runda Roundabout).

More information

East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan

East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan Foreword Road crashes are not inevitable - the deaths and injuries which occur each year need not happen. However, in order to reduce these incidents a major effort

More information

Youth and Road Crashes Magnitude, Characteristics and Trends

Youth and Road Crashes Magnitude, Characteristics and Trends Youth and Road Crashes Magnitude, Characteristics and Trends The The mission of the (TIRF) is to reduce traffic related deaths and injuries TIRF is a national, independent, charitable road safety institute.

More information

Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2006 Session FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE

Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2006 Session FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2006 Session SB 163 FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE Senate Bill 163 Judicial Proceedings (Senator Hafer, et al.) Vehicle Laws - Protective Headgear Requirement

More information

road safety issues 2001 road toll for the WBOP/Tauranga Police area JULY 2002 Regional crash causes 1997 2001 Major road safety issues:

road safety issues 2001 road toll for the WBOP/Tauranga Police area JULY 2002 Regional crash causes 1997 2001 Major road safety issues: WESTERN BAY OF PLENTY/TAURANGA POLICE AREA road safety issues JULY 22 The Land Transport Safety Authority (LTSA) has prepared this Road Safety Issues Report. It is based on reported crash data and trends

More information

Collaboration to Preserve North Carolina s Universal Motorcycle Helmet Law

Collaboration to Preserve North Carolina s Universal Motorcycle Helmet Law Collaboration to Preserve North Carolina s Universal Motorcycle Helmet Law Alan Dellapenna, Branch Head Injury and Violence Prevention Branch NC Division of Public Health Partners Agency Bill Review Resolutions

More information

ROAD ACCIDENTS ANALYSIS, EVOLUTION CAUSES AND PREVENTION MEASURES

ROAD ACCIDENTS ANALYSIS, EVOLUTION CAUSES AND PREVENTION MEASURES Analele Universităţii din Oradea Fascicula: Ecotoxicologie, Zootehnie şi Tehnologii de Industrie Alimentară, 2012 ROAD ACCIDENTS ANALYSIS, EVOLUTION CAUSES AND PREVENTION MEASURES Daina Lucia*, Tecsi Ioana*,

More information

Road crash and road crash injury data for setting and monitoring targets

Road crash and road crash injury data for setting and monitoring targets Road crash and road crash injury data for setting and monitoring targets UNECE Seminar on Improving Global Road Safety Bishkek 1-3 December, Gayle Di Pietro, Global Road Safety Partnership GRSP Mission

More information

Oxfordshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2030 Revised April 2012. Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel

Oxfordshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2030 Revised April 2012. Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel 6. Road Safety Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel Road safety continues to be a core priority both nationally and locally reflecting the very high human and other costs

More information

Tennessee Motorcycle Helmet Law THOMAS O LYNNGER, M D

Tennessee Motorcycle Helmet Law THOMAS O LYNNGER, M D Tennessee Motorcycle Helmet Law THOMAS O LYNNGER, M D VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY M EDICAL CENTER Outline Legislation in Tennessee Helmet laws in the news Statistics Arguments against helmet laws Repealing universal

More information

ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident

ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis ( 財 ) 交 通 事 故 総 合 分 析 センター ITARDA INFORMATION No. 211 91NOVEMBER 1, 2, 3, 4, Crossing 3% 4,258 Number of casualties Collisions while turning

More information

ROAD SAFETY BICYCLE HELMETS AGUSTÍN GALDÓN MEDINA. agaldon@fundacionmapfre.org. www.fundacionmapfre.com

ROAD SAFETY BICYCLE HELMETS AGUSTÍN GALDÓN MEDINA. agaldon@fundacionmapfre.org. www.fundacionmapfre.com ROAD SAFETY BICYCLE HELMETS AGUSTÍN GALDÓN MEDINA agaldon@fundacionmapfre.org www.fundacionmapfre.com International legislation Mandatory all cyclist Australia Spain (Urban areas) Slovakia (Urban areas)

More information

Traffic Safety Facts. Laws. Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws. Inside This Issue. Key Facts. April 2004

Traffic Safety Facts. Laws. Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws. Inside This Issue. Key Facts. April 2004 Traffic Safety Facts Laws April 2004 Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws Motorcycle helmets provide the best protection from head injury for motorcyclists involved in traffic crashes. The passage of helmet use

More information

Children and road safety: a guide for parents

Children and road safety: a guide for parents Child Safety Week Report Children and road safety: a guide for parents What are the facts? The number of children aged up to 19 years who are killed or seriously injured each year on Britain's roads has

More information

Program Descriptions:

Program Descriptions: Program Descriptions: Alcohol Education Alcohol education programs include underage drinking prevention and diverse community outreach. Underage drinking is America s number one youth drug problem, killing

More information

The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland

The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland Cynthia Burch MPH, Timothy Kerns MS National Study Center for Trauma & EMS, University of Maryland School of Medicine Abstract Motorcycle riders experience

More information

Legislation and Enforcement

Legislation and Enforcement Legislation and Enforcement Legislation and Enforcement INTRODUCTION 6.1 To cultivate a considerate and responsible driving culture, enforcement and public education have to go hand-in-hand. Apart from

More information

THE BASICS. Wesley A. Cottrell

THE BASICS. Wesley A. Cottrell ARKANSAS MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS: THE BASICS Deciding the Type and Extent of Compensation You May Be Entitled to in a Motorcycle Accident Takes Experience and Knowledge of the Law Regarding Personal Injury

More information

A GUIDE FOR PEOPLE INJURED IN A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT

A GUIDE FOR PEOPLE INJURED IN A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT A GUIDE FOR PEOPLE INJURED IN A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT CONTENTS General information 02 Early payment of expenses 03 The Accident Notification Form (ANF) 03 Who can make a claim Other driver or owner at

More information

$ Avoid riding at night, especially late Saturday night and early Sunday when drunken drivers may be on the road.

$ Avoid riding at night, especially late Saturday night and early Sunday when drunken drivers may be on the road. Report #13 - Motorcycle Accidents and Injuries Some quick tips on motorcycle safety: $ Ride assuming that you and your motorcycle are totally invisible to motorists. $ Leave plenty of space in front and

More information

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study Chiara Orsi Centre of Study and Research on Road Safety University of Pavia State of the art Vulnerable road

More information

HAPPY MOTORING IN QUÉBEC!

HAPPY MOTORING IN QUÉBEC! HAPPY MOTORING IN QUÉBEC! Whether you are in Québec on vacation or business, you may well need information about the main rules for road use in this province, as set forth in the Highway Safety Code. Seat

More information

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 7th Edition

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 7th Edition SAFE CYCLING GUIDE 7th Edition BEFORE SETTING OUT A Check tire pressure B Check that the chain does not slip C Check the brakes D Check lights and reflectors: 1 A WELL-MAINTAINED BICYCLE is key 3 4 5 Adjust

More information

Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape

Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape and have fun. To remain safe on Illinois roads, it is important to follow the same traffic safety laws that govern vehicle drivers. No amount of bicycle

More information

A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University,

A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University, A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University, Email: asghamdi@ksu.edu. sa Abstract Riyadh, capital of the Kingdom

More information

Washington Dc Accident Lawyer

Washington Dc Accident Lawyer Washington Dc Accident Lawyer Virginia Car Accident Lawyer Serving Washington, D.C., Virginia and Maryland Have you or a loved one been seriously injured by the negligent actions of another? Have you lost

More information

Regulatory Impact Statement

Regulatory Impact Statement Regulatory Impact Statement EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Several problems have been identified that contribute to the high crash risk of motorcyclists. With motorcycling increasing in popularity the following package

More information

Executive Summary ABI.ORG.UK. Association of British Insurers 51 Gresham Street London EC2V 7HQ Telephone 020 7600 3333

Executive Summary ABI.ORG.UK. Association of British Insurers 51 Gresham Street London EC2V 7HQ Telephone 020 7600 3333 Association of British Insurers response to the Northern Ireland Assembly Environment Committee s Consultation on The Road Traffic (Amendment Bill) About the ABI 1.1 The Association of British Insurers

More information

Findings from the Hurt Study Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures Via http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~john/vfr/hurt.

Findings from the Hurt Study Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures Via http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~john/vfr/hurt. Findings from the Hurt Study Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures Via http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~john/vfr/hurt.html A motorcycle accident study offers you and your students

More information

RULES OF THE ROAD BY LWTL Staff Writer

RULES OF THE ROAD BY LWTL Staff Writer RULES OF THE ROAD BY LWTL Staff Writer Publisher s Note This is the First of a Three Part Series on Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety. This First Part is made available to all readers. The final two parts

More information

Global Plan. Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011 2020

Global Plan. Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011 2020 Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011 2020 1 I call on Member States, international agencies, civil society organizations, businesses and community leaders to ensure that the Decade

More information

School Pupil Police Officer (Hamyare Police) - A national initiative based on social participation to improve road safety

School Pupil Police Officer (Hamyare Police) - A national initiative based on social participation to improve road safety School Pupil Police Officer (Hamyare Police) - A national initiative based on social participation to improve road safety Islamic Republic of Iran Alireza Esmaeili 1 Mashyaneh Haddadi 2 Alireza Olyaee

More information

Development of a Strategic Motorcycle Safety Program in Victoria, Australia. Dr Dale Andrea VicRoads, Victoria, Australia.

Development of a Strategic Motorcycle Safety Program in Victoria, Australia. Dr Dale Andrea VicRoads, Victoria, Australia. Development of a Strategic Motorcycle Safety Program in Victoria, Australia. Dr Dale Andrea VicRoads, Victoria, Australia January 2006 Development of a Strategic Motorcycle Safety Program in Victoria,

More information

Code of Conduct for Commercial Drivers

Code of Conduct for Commercial Drivers Code of Conduct for Commercial Drivers RoadDriver 2011 Safe Use of Vehicles Watch your Speed Drive within the speed limit at all times. You should drive at speeds that are safe for the conditions, recognising

More information

Cycling and the Law: Know your Rights!

Cycling and the Law: Know your Rights! Cycling and the Law: Know your Rights! Patrick Brown Rights of The Injured Cyclist When a cyclist is struck by a car or truck, the injuries to the cyclist can be significant. It can have a dramatic impact

More information

Strategic targets board as a management tool for Spanish road safety

Strategic targets board as a management tool for Spanish road safety Road safety data: collection and analysis for target setting and monitoring performances and progress Strategic targets board as a management tool for Spanish road safety Pilar Zori Bertolin Spain Spanish

More information

Motorcycle Accident Investigation

Motorcycle Accident Investigation 1st Forum Workshop: Motorcyclist safety: how can better road engineering help? Motorcycle Accident Investigation João M. P. Dias jdias@dem dem.ist.utl.pt IDMEC Department of Mechanical Engineering Instituto

More information

Serious Injury Deaths and Hospitalizations, 2007 Erie County, PA, and U.S.

Serious Injury Deaths and Hospitalizations, 2007 Erie County, PA, and U.S. Serious Injury Deaths and Hospitalizations, 2007 Erie County, PA, and U.S. In Erie County, unintentional injury was the fifth leading cause of death for the three year period 2004 through 2006 (Table 1),

More information

SUMMARY PRELIMINARY CRITICAL INJURIES ON WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ROADS ORS 585-03-15 ISSN 2204-7875

SUMMARY PRELIMINARY CRITICAL INJURIES ON WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ROADS ORS 585-03-15 ISSN 2204-7875 204 SUMMARY PRELIMINARY FATAL AND CRITICAL INJURIES ON WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ROADS ORS 585-03-5 ISSN 2204-7875 2 Foreword There have been encouraging signs that Western Australians may be heeding life-saving

More information

SHOULD MOTORCYCLISTS USE GO PRO CAMERAS ON THEIR HELMETS TO HELP PRESERVE EVIDENCE IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT?

SHOULD MOTORCYCLISTS USE GO PRO CAMERAS ON THEIR HELMETS TO HELP PRESERVE EVIDENCE IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT? SHOULD MOTORCYCLISTS USE GO PRO CAMERAS ON THEIR HELMETS TO HELP PRESERVE EVIDENCE IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT? It Is Frustrating that Motorcycle Riders, In Addition to Driving Safely Themselves, Must

More information

What You Should Know About: Bicycle Injury. National Statistics

What You Should Know About: Bicycle Injury. National Statistics What You Should Know About: Bicycle Injury National Statistics Soon after a blacksmith by the name of Kirkpatrick MacMillan invented the bicycle, it became apparent that a bicyclist needed something to

More information

a U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Computer Accident Typing for Bicyclist Accidents Coder's Handbook

a U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Computer Accident Typing for Bicyclist Accidents Coder's Handbook a U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Computer Accident Typing for Bicyclist Accidents Coder's Handbook INTRODUCTION This Coder's Handbook is part of a package

More information

Maryland s Motorcycle Crash Picture

Maryland s Motorcycle Crash Picture Maryland s Motorcycle Crash Picture Cindy Burch University of Maryland, Baltimore National Study Center for Trauma and EMS Maryland Center for Traffic Safety Analysis Challenges Motorcycle safety is not

More information

The A-B-C s of Motor Vehicle Collisions and Personal Injury Claims In Minnesota

The A-B-C s of Motor Vehicle Collisions and Personal Injury Claims In Minnesota The A-B-C s of Motor Vehicle Collisions and Personal Injury Claims In Minnesota Douglas E. Schmidt Accident Attorney 13911 Ridgedale Drive Suite 110 Minnetonka, MN 55305 952.473.4530 Fax: 952.544.1308

More information

The State Government recognises. areas, and regulates bicycle

The State Government recognises. areas, and regulates bicycle cycling & THE LAW rules introduction for roads The State Government recognises The cycling South Australian as a legitimate Road Traffic form of Act including transport the Australian and an increasingly

More information

Road fatalities in 2012. Road fatality: person killed in a traffic crash or deceased because of an injury within 30 days after the crash.

Road fatalities in 2012. Road fatality: person killed in a traffic crash or deceased because of an injury within 30 days after the crash. Norway Source: IRTAD, Public Roads Administration Inhabitants Vehicles/1 000 inhabitants Road fatalities in 2012 Fatalities /100 000 inhabitants in 2012 5.0 million 703 145 2.9 1. Road safety data collection

More information

STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA,

STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA, Vilnius 215 STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA, 211 214 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 9 GENERAL INFORMATION... 1 1. VEHICLE FLEET... 11 1.1. Number of vehicles, 1995 214...

More information

The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period

The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period 1994-2003 March 2004 Traffic Management and Road Safety Unit Ministry of Public Infrastructure, Land Transport and Shipping

More information

PERSONAL INJURY COMPENSATION CLAIM GUIDE

PERSONAL INJURY COMPENSATION CLAIM GUIDE PERSONAL INJURY COMPENSATION CLAIM GUIDE Welcome to our Personal Injury Service What is Personal Injury? The Dictionary definition is: An injury not to property, but to your body, mind or emotions Our

More information

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013 A review of 2013 fatal collision statistics December 31 st 2013 The following report summarises the main trends that have emerged in 2013. This has been prepared by the Road Safety Authority following

More information

Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges

Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Objectives 1. General Statistics on Motorcycles

More information

Myburgh Attorneys HAVE YOU BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? DO YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? WHAT ARE YOUR RIGHTS?

Myburgh Attorneys HAVE YOU BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? DO YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? WHAT ARE YOUR RIGHTS? Myburgh Attorneys HAVE YOU BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? OR DO YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? WHAT ARE YOUR RIGHTS? THE ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (RAF) The RAF was created to compensate

More information

STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW!

STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW! THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS OF IRELAND STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW! SUBMISSION TO MR SEAMUS BRENNAN TD MINISTER FOR TRANSPORT December 2002 STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW IEI SUBMISSION ON ROAD SAFETY PG. 01 1. STOP

More information

Report of a Complaint Handling Review in relation to Central Scotland Police

Report of a Complaint Handling Review in relation to Central Scotland Police Case reference: PCCS/00410/12/CSP June 2013 Report of a Complaint Handling Review in relation to Central Scotland Police under section 35(1) of the Police Public Order and Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act

More information

Auto accidents can cause thousands or even millions of dollars in losses due to medical expenditures, an inability to work, a reduction in future

Auto accidents can cause thousands or even millions of dollars in losses due to medical expenditures, an inability to work, a reduction in future TEXAS AUTO ACCIDENTS Auto accidents can cause thousands or even millions of dollars in losses due to medical expenditures, an inability to work, a reduction in future earnings, or the untimely death of

More information

Statement before the Maryland House Environmental Matters Committee. Motorcycle Helmet Laws. Michael Fagin

Statement before the Maryland House Environmental Matters Committee. Motorcycle Helmet Laws. Michael Fagin Statement before the Maryland House Environmental Matters Committee Motorcycle Helmet Laws Michael Fagin The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety is a nonprofit research and communications organization

More information

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel Cyclists CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 212 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport CRASH FACTSHEET November 213 Cyclists have a number of risk factors that do not affect car drivers. The

More information

CANADIAN ROAD SAFETY YOUTH CONFERENCE ENFORCEMENT. Police Constable Mike Taylor # 8855 Toronto Police Service

CANADIAN ROAD SAFETY YOUTH CONFERENCE ENFORCEMENT. Police Constable Mike Taylor # 8855 Toronto Police Service CANADIAN ROAD SAFETY YOUTH CONFERENCE ENFORCEMENT Police Constable Mike Taylor # 8855 Toronto Police Service Traffic Services Mission Statement To deliver effective and efficient traffic policing services

More information