1 The fully functioning person: a bio-psycho-social viewpoint Alberto Zucconi World Academy of Art and Science Person Centered Approach Institute (IACP) HUMANITIES AND THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts 7 9 June 2012, Podgorica, Montenegro ISTITUTO DELL'APPROCCIO CENTRATO SULLA PERSONA CENTRO COLLABORATORE DELL ORGANIZZAZIONE MONDIALE DELLA SANITÀ PER LA RICERCA, LA FORMAZIONE E LA CONSULENZA NELLA PROMOZIONE DELLA SALUTE NEI LUOGHI DI LAVORO IN ITALIA WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION COLLABORATING CENTRE FOR RESEARCH, TRAINING AND CONSULTING IN HEALTH PROMOTION AT THE WORKPLACE IN ITALY
2 ISTITUTO DELL'APPROCCIO CENTRATO SULLA PERSONA CENTRO COLLABORATORE DELL ORGANIZZAZIONE MONDIALE DELLA SANITÀ PER LA RICERCA, LA FORMAZIONE E LA CONSULENZA NELLA PROMOZIONE DELLA SALUTE NEI LUOGHI DI LAVORO IN ITALIA WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION COLLABORATING CENTRE FOR RESEARCH, TRAINING AND CONSULTING IN HEALTH PROMOTION AT THE WORKPLACE IN ITALY
3 The most valuable natural resource of every nation, community or work organization is PEOPLE.
4 WE live in a period of globalization and of growing complexity. And in order to meet our present and future challenges we need effective ways to cope.
5 Resilient and creative people are more capable of effective crisis management than those who are poor copers and as a result are more vulnerable and dysfunctional.
6 In the Anthropocene Era promoting processes that protect and foster the development of fully functioning persons, families, groups, organizations and communities is not only of vital importance for human survival and welfare but also for the welfare of the entire planet.
7 ... the choice of the word anthropocene was in itself a significant evolutionary step, challenging us all to face the truth about the part we now play in our planet s life, and begin to accept the responsibilities that come with it. (Walter Truett Anderson, 2012)
8 Humanistic Psychology instead of focalizing only on pathology has studied people that are particularly healthy and fully functioning, investigating the common denominators of those people
9 The vision of Human nature in Humanistic Psychology
10 From infancy to old age human beings strive to actualize their highest potentials, establish and maintain close mutual connections with others. People, possess enormous inner resources for self-regulation and self-healing which can be accessed in the service of recovery and growth. Healing and self-actualization is facilitated by participation in relationships characterized by key interpersonal conditions: mutual respect, warmth, acceptance, genuineness and empathy.
11 Theoretical Assumptions of Humanistic Psychology The origins of psychological distress
12 All paradigms of psychotherapy are based on a vision of human nature, from which descend their own view of health and illness and the process of what creates disease and pain and what promotes healing, health and well-being. The humanistic view is that people experience pain when spontaneous movement towards selfactualization and successful connections with significant others becomes cut off, blocked, violated or exploited.
13 If these disconnections or violations occur early in life, or persist over long periods, people develop defensive psychological coping mechanisms which further cuts them off from the deeper organismic flow of life. Self-awareness becomes interrupted and authentic interactions with others become impossible. When this happens vital life satisfactions become unavailable, causing further distress and alienation which then may spiral into deeper difficulties which frequently ends up in a crisis.
14 Kurt Goldstein described selfactualization as the tendency to actualize, as much as possible, the organism's individual capacities in the world. The tendency toward selfactualization is the only drive by which the life of an organism is determined.
15 Abraham Maslow based his theory on his case studies of historical figures whom he saw as examples of self-actualized individuals including Albert Einstein, Ruth Benedict, Frederick Douglass, Jane Addams Eleanor Roosevelt, Max Wertheimer, Henry David Thoreau. Maslow examined the lives of each of these people in order to asses the common qualities that led each to become self-actualized.
16 In general he found that these individuals were, accepting of themselves and of their life circumstances; very creative; focused on finding solutions to cultural problems rather than just to concentrate on personal problems; open to others' opinions and ideas; had a strong sense of privacy, autonomy, human values and appreciation of life; and a few intimate friendships rather than many superficial ones. They also all reported the frequent occurrence of peak experiences. These occasions were marked by feelings of harmony and deep meaning: feeling at one with the universe.
17 For Carl Rogers human nature has a fundamental tendency, the actualizing tendency where selfawareness generates self-regulation.
18 According to Rogers the human organism has an underlying "actualizing tendency", which aims to develop all capacities in ways that maintain or enhance the organism and move it toward autonomy. This tendency is directional, constructive and present in all living things.
19 The concept of the actualizing tendency encompasses all motivations; tension, need, or drive reductions; and creative as well as pleasure-seeking tendencies a drive to fulfill the genetic blueprint. Each person thus has a fundamental mandate to fulfill their potential.
20 The research of Carl Rogers on the fully functioning person found the following common denominators: Self aware, integrated, in touch, deep, authentic, trusting, creative, good capacity for affiliation and communication, balanced and realistic Psychological health, maturity, existential depth, effective selfregulation, respect for themselves and others Openness to experience (instead of the rigid defense stance of the person feeling under threat) Personality: mature, fluid, absence of rigidity / fundamentalism Maximum of adaptability Trust in themselves, their organism, their intuition, feelings and their values Sense of direction, purpose, leadership qualities
21 The process of the fully functioning person is seen by Rogers as a challenge: This process is not, I am convinced, a life for the faint-hearted. It involves the stretching and growing of becoming more and more of one's potentialities. It involves the courage to be. (Carl Rogers 1961)
22 Carl Rogers research over the last 70 years has identified specific qualities in relationships which promote the development of fully functioning people as well as the healing of partially functioning people: Respect Empathic understanding Authenticity/congruence (deep contact)
23 People that are related to in this nourishing way tend to reproduce these qualities in their new relationships.
24 Unfortunately, this also tends to hold true in the opposite case: when people are related to in unhealthy, dysfunctional, demeaning, disrespectful and violent ways they tend to suffer from such mistreatment and tend to reproduce the same relational patterns with others; their capacity of contact with their inner core is lost, self-regulation becomes impaired and as a result they become rigid and defended and risk fragmentation.
25 We need to be aware on how we construe our experiences of what we call reality: the relationship with ourselves, the others, the world.
26 We need more people that relate to themselves, to others and to the planet with more Respect Empathy Authenticity/congruence (deep contact)
27 How can we protect and promote Individuality and Fully Functioning Persons?
28 By fostering the conditions that protect and promote individuality in all the processes of the construction of reality, identity, social roles and behaviors. By relating to others in respectful, emphatic, genuine and congruent ways and applying them as the relational foundations in: Parenting Schooling Workplaces Community Society Culture
29 Each of us is part of the daily social construction of reality. Are we part of the solution or are we part of the problem?
31 Alberto Zucconi World Academy of Art and Science Person Centered Approach Institute (IACP) ISTITUTO DELL'APPROCCIO CENTRATO SULLA PERSONA CENTRO COLLABORATORE DELL ORGANIZZAZIONE MONDIALE DELLA SANITÀ PER LA RICERCA, LA FORMAZIONE E LA CONSULENZA NELLA PROMOZIONE DELLA SALUTE NEI LUOGHI DI LAVORO IN ITALIA WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION COLLABORATING CENTRE FOR RESEARCH, TRAINING AND CONSULTING IN HEALTH PROMOTION AT THE WORKPLACE IN ITALY
Maslow Holistic Dynamic Theory Holistic Dynamic Theory assumes that the whole person is continually being motivated by one need or another and that people have the potential to grow toward psychological
Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Human Synergistics Circumplex Model By: Eric Klisz, M.A. Organizational Development Specialist The following crosswalk is designed to compare and contrast the theoretical
I. INTRODUCTION A. Paradigms in Psychology Focus on the Self: Humanistic (Third-Force) Psychology 1 The purpose of the next two weeks of lectures is to explore four major paradigms of psychology Humanism:
A THEORY OF HUMAN MOTIVATION Abraham H. Maslow ABRAHAM MASLOW Abraham Maslow developed the theory of human motivation now known as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. A psychologist, Maslow noted that some human
Journal of Social and Development Sciences Vol. 3, No. 9, pp. 337-345, Sep 2012 (ISSN 2221-1152) Person-Centered Therapy and Personal Growth Boontarika Narknisorn Kasetsart University, Thailand email@example.com
April 2015 21/04/15_16531 CONNECT SUCCEED THRIVE THE WELLBEING FRAMEWORK FOR SCHOOLS Introduction The NSW Department of Education and Communities (DEC) is committed to creating quality learning opportunities
Educational Philosophy 1 Running Head: FORMULATION OF AN EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY AND AN ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK Lauren Jansen Midwestern State University Educational Philosophy 2 Formulation Of An Educational
CODE of ETHICS & STANDARDS of PSYCHIATRIC NURSING PRACTICE APPROVED May 2010 by the Board of the College of Registered Psychiatric Nurses of BC for use by CRPNBC Registrants REGISTERED PSYCHIATRIC NURSES
(( Typical Personality in University Lecturer )) Prof. Yousif Hama Salih Mustafa Ph.D. in psychology (personality and mental health) Salahaddin university E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Mob: 07504514924 June
Coaching Psychology A new science in search for its identity**. Arnon Levy PhD.* Despite its short life, it could be said that life coaching has an undeniable footprint at the 21st century's culture; In
College of Psychology and Humanistic Studies (PHS) Curriculum Learning Goals and PsyD Program Learning Goals, Objectives and Competencies (GOCs) College of PHS Learning Goals PsyD Program Learning Goals
Person-centred Therapy A GUIDE TO COUNSELLING THERAPIES (DVD) Published by: J & S Garrett Pty Ltd ACN 068 751 440 All Case Histories in this text are presented as examples only and any comparison which
Leadership for Sustainable Change Certificate Personal to Planetary Transformation based on the principles of the Earth Charter Vernice Solimar, PhD As the world becomes increasingly interdependent and
EDYTH T. JAMES DEPARTMENT OF NURSING Our nursing program has a rich 106-year history that includes being the first nursing school established in the state of Maryland. The Washington Missionary College
http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsweek/positive-psychology-in-practice.htm Positive psychology in practice (This article was first printed in the May 2008 issue of the Harvard Mental Health Letter.) Positive
SELF THEORY HARRY ALBERT VAN BELLE Carl Rogers developed his self theory well after he had formulated his person-centered therapy. His view of personality grew out of his view of therapy, and the former
Stephen Joseph 6 th British Association for the Person-Centred Approach (BAPCA) Conference, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester; UK. August 15 th 2013 Joseph, S., & Murphy, D. (2013). Person-centered
INDIVIDUAL CHANGE Learning and the process of change in what ways can models of learning help us understand individual change? The behavioural approach to change how can we change people s behaviour? The
A short piece on my perspectives on psychotherapeutic theory and practice, Aaron Balick, PhD Without the appropriate theory, one cannot develop the practice that is necessary to treat people seeking psychotherapeutic
Developing Resilient Teams for Managing Change Research and experience from ODR Introduction When teams address the challenges of today s turbulent work environment, there is potential for effective and
Nursing Framework and Program Outcomes The program's conceptual framework is based on the National League for Nursing (NLN) Educational Competencies Model and the components within it. The model consists
NIM Corporate Health Programs 360 integrated healthcare solutions Nordic Integrative Medicine Corporations who invest in the health and wellbeing of employees receive longterm economic benefits. Workplace
The Seven Levels of Organisational Consciousness By Richard Barrett All human group structures grow and develop in consciousness in seven well defined stages. Each stage focuses on a particular existential
STRUCTURALISM: Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920): Established first first Psychology Lab Lab in in Germany. Defined psychology as as the the science
B-1: Cultural Inheritance and Adolescent Development Anna Ornstein, MD Amy Joelson, LCSW Christa Paulinz, MA, MEd This paper offers a clinical/theoretical rational for the inclusion of cultural factors
Positive Psychology & all of us Koong Hean Foo, PhD Lecturer, James Cook University, Singapore Consultant Psychologist, CBT Psychotherapist, Positive Psychology Centre 28 February 2009 Content Psychology
Course Descriptions: M.A. in Clinical- Community Psychology PSYC 501 Theories of Psychotherapy This course will offer in- depth discussion on the historical, philosophical and theoretical foundations of
Humanistic-Existential Theory 1 Humanistic-Existential Theory: A Group Theory Paper Wanda M. Woodward, MS What is psychotherapy and its goal? For a humanistic psychotherapist, psychotherapy is a qualitative,
Are the facts friendly? Person-centred therapy in an era of evidence-based practice Mick Cooper Professor of Counselling, University of Strathclyde Celebrating 20 years of PCCS Books Thanks to: Karen Cromarty,
MISSION The principle aim of the service is to increase occupational, personal and social autonomy of disadvantaged people Il principale obiettivo del servizio è di aumentare l autonomia lavorativa, personale
Submission to the Queensland Child Protection Commission of Inquiry from: The Management Committee of Logan East Community Neighbourhood Association Inc. (LECNA) September, 2012 Commissioner Carmody, Fellow
Self-Awareness The Counselor as a Person and as a Professional Chapter 2 Psychology 475 Professional Ethics in Addictions Counseling Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides Without a high
Health LEADS Australia: the Australian health leadership framework July 2013 Health Workforce Australia. This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole for study purposes. It is not to be used for
The Sport Psychology Professional Model - Inside Team Denmark s Sports Psychology support The sports psychology profession in Denmark has been characterized by a diversity of approaches and has acted as
psychology third edition CHAPTER 1 the science of psychology Learning Objectives LO 1.1 Definition and Goals of Psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and Functionalism LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, Psychoanalysis, and
Self-Esteem and Mental Health Contents Section 1 Building Your Self-Esteem Section 2 Using Good Communication Skills Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Section 4 Understanding Mental Disorders Section
Re-energizing the Practice of Leadership for the Public Good Public Sector Core Leadership Practices Paradoxes of Leadership In July of 2001 a group of representatives from the National Security Agency
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 科 目 簡 介 COURSES FOR 4-YEAR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES PSY2101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) The purpose of this course is to introduce fundamental concepts and theories in psychology
Aspects of Leadership Mark T. Green MEd, MBA, MS, PhD Chair, Leadership Studies Our Lady of the Lake University http://business.ollusa.edu/leadership www.drmarkgreen.com GreeM@Lake.Ollusa.Edu 210.434.6711
Career Service Authority Emergency Management Coordinator Page 1 of 6 GENERAL STATEMENT OF CLASS DUTIES Performs full performance professional level emergency management work including developing, coordinating,
Special Education Teacher DCODE=09000 PLANNING AND PREPARATION ELEMENT Underdeveloped=1 Developing=2 Proficient=3 Exemplary=4 Knowledge of Content Knowledge of Students' Development and Skills Knowledge
WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO HUMANISTIC EDUCATION? C. H. Patterson (Michigan Journal of Counseling and Development, Vol. XVIII, No. 1, Summer l987, pp. 8-10) Beginning about twenty years ago, humanistic education
What Is Personality? Personality is an individual s unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits. A personality trait is a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations.
MODIFIED TRAINING PROGRAMME FOR TRAINERS AND TEACHERS OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN TAJIKISTAN These materials have been prepared within the framework of the project Technical Assistance to the Sector Policy
Maslow s Hierarchy Planning Adult Learning to meet diverse learner needs In this section, we ll take a look at Maslow s Hierarchy and how we can use it in designing and implementing educational programs.
THE 7 HABITS OF HIGHLY EFFECTIVE PEOPLE By Stephen R. Covey PART ONE PARADIGMS AND PRINCIPLES INSIDE-OUT 1. If we want to change a situation, we first have to change. To do this effectively, we must first
Applied Psychology s AP 6001 PRACTICUM SEMINAR I 1 CREDIT AP 6002 PRACTICUM SEMINAR II 3 CREDITS Prerequisites: AP 6001: Successful completion of core courses. Approval of practicum site by program coordinator.
Cotrugli MBA & Executive MBA outline COTRUGLI MBA programs are not only an investment in knowledge, information and networks, nor are they just an investment in career advancement. Our MBA programs inspire
CHAPTER 1 Nursing s Social Policy Statement Catherine E. Neuman, MSN, RN, NEA-BC Overview Nursing is a part of the society from which it grew and continues to evolve. As a profession, nursing is valued
Child Care Occupational Standard MQF Level 5 CDC 501 Establish and develop working relationships CDC 502 Support policies, procedures and practice to safeguard children and ensure their inclusion and well-being
UNION UNIVERSITY MASTER SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES LAST COMPLETED ON SPRING 2014 Form AS4 (M) Accreditation Standard 4.0.2 The program provides summary data and outcomes
Ten Principles of Servant Leadership Presenter: William M. Casterlow Kent State University at Stark The ideas behind servant leadership are ancient, but Robert K. Greenleaf is the person who first articulated
THE SELF The Humanistic Approach BATs Define the terms unique and free will (E) Describe the humanistic theory of Self. (D) Explain the differences between selfconcept, ideal self and self-esteem (C) How
Abraham Maslow By: Jennifer Carter & Carleigh Sanderson Introduction: Born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn New York Died in 1970 from a heart attack Maslow married his first cousin, Bertha Goodman, against his
Course Correlation to Virginia Standards of Learning Name of Provider: York County School Division Name of Course: Psychology URL for Course Syllabus: http://yorkcountyschools.org/virtuallearning/coursecatalog.aspx
CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES SUPERVISOR COMPETENCIES 1. A child protective services social work supervisor is able to set realistic expectations and hold social workers and staff members accountable for following
Professional Capability Framework - Senior Social Worker Experienced Social Worker Professionalism Social workers are members of an internationally recognised profession, a title protected in UK law. Social
GIVING WINGS TO NEW IDEAS Wingspread Journal, Summer 1996 CHAOS, COMPLEXITY, AND FLOCKING BEHAVIOR: METAPHORS FOR LEARNING by Stephanie Pace Marshall Sir Isaac Newton saw the universe as an orderly clock.
Objectives of Occupational Therapy in Mental Health I) To help establish an atmosphere conductive to recovery (containing minimal anxiety & maximum support) by utilizing individual & group activity program.
MSW Core Curriculum for Generalist Practice St. Catherine University/University of St. Thomas Core and Advanced Competencies of the MSW Program The SCU/UST MSW curriculum prepares its graduates for advanced
The Transpersonal (Spiritual) Journey Towards Leadership Excellence Using 8ICOL Travelling from Ego Based Leadership to Transpersonal Leadership where the focus is beyond the ego to the needs of ALL the
Section 4.1 Course 200SG Basic Clinical Training in Imago Relationships Therapy Goal: This certification track is designed to prepare the Certified Imago Therapist to be publicly known and recognized in
KidsMatter Early Childhood Connecting with the Early Childhood Education and Care National Quality Framework KidsMatter Early Childhood KidsMatter Early Childhood Mental Health Initiative has been developed
01-Quick-4637.qxd 3/30/2005 11:40 AM Page 3 1 The Role of the Principal At a Glance Duties and Responsibilities: An Overview The Principal s Role Additional Roles and Skills: A Quick Overview Emotional
Chapter 10 Personality Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The BEST kind of personality test is one that is. A) both
Managing Conflict and Stress M. En C. Eduardo Bustos Farías 1 Outline A Modern View of Conflict A Conflict Continuum Functional versus Dysfunctional Conflict Antecedents of Conflict Desired Outcomes of
PRINCIPLES OF MULTICULTURAL PSYCHIATRIC REHABILITATION SERVICES Executive Summary PRA recognizes the striking disparities in mental health care found for cultural, racial and ethnic minorities in the USA,
MODULE 1.3 WHAT IS MENTAL HEALTH? Why improve mental health in secondary school? The importance of mental health in all our lives Mental health is a positive and productive state of mind that allows an
Emotional Quotient CEO Sample Co. 5-22-2013 Introduction The Emotional Quotient report looks at a person's emotional intelligence, which is the ability to sense, understand and effectively apply the power
Spiritual Gifts Inventory Instructions: As you read each sentence, write the number that best describes you in the appropriate box on the separate Answer Sheet. To what degree do these statements reflect
John Smith 9 November 2006 Introduction This Insights Discovery Transformational Leadership Profile explores how John s leadership capabilities are impacted by his psychological preferences. It will enable
St. Cloud State University Department of Residential Life Student Leadership Development Model Mission of the Department of Residential Life The Department of Residential Life works to provide a student
OUR MISSION. Your Wellbeing. WE HELP YOU TO ACHIEVE WELLBEING 01 OUR FOCUS. Develop employee s total potential. HELP EMPLOYEES GET FIT, GET WELL, GET INSPIRED TO EXPERIENCE ULTIMATE BLISS IN LIFE. 02 WORK-RELATED
School of Clinical Psychology LIOS Masters in Psychology: Counseling Specialization Course Descriptions 2013-2014 Courses for: Fall 2013 Entry Cohort Spring 2014 Entry Cohort Counseling professional courses:
Nursing Model 1 Nursing Model: Jean Watson s Caring Theory Gina Gessner Georgetown University Nursing Model 2 Watson s model of caring was developed originally in the 1970 s and amended many times to the
School of Counseling Handbook (2014) OVERVIEW The Master of Arts in Counseling and the Postgraduate Diploma in Counseling programs prepares Christian counselors with the knowledge, skill, and insight to
Theory of Ego Development: Jane Loevinger By: Nuran Keckia and Souma Endisha About Jane loevinger Jane Loevinger was born Feb 6.1918 and died Jan 4 th,2008 saw the search for an understanding of self as
Humanistic & Transpersonal Psychology PSYC 365 Spring Semester 2014 Sierra Nevada College Incline Village, NV Instructor - Donna Axton SYLLABUS & COURSE OUTLINE - DONNA AXTON - Spring 2014 Sierra Nevada
A Guide For Educators to Critical Thinking Competency Standards Standards, Principles, Performance Indicators, and Outcomes With a Critical Thinking Master Rubric by Richard Paul and Linda Elder Foundation
S e l f - a s s e s s m e n t m a t r i x School Improvement Framework 1 Domain: LEARNING AND TEACHING Element 1: Teaching practice A. Commitment to quality teaching underpins professional expertise. B.
Work accident personal injury guide Winston Solicitors LLP Work related injury claims Many thousands of people are injured in accidents each year whilst in the workplace. There are thousands more suffering
March 2012 Employee Assistance Programmes Manager s Guide Support and assistance when you need it Vhi Corporate Solutions Employee Assistance Programme Confidential Professional Help Support Communicate
International Journal of Caring Sciences January-April 2015 Volume 8 Issue 1 Page 211 R E V I E W P A P E R. Self-Awareness as a Therapeutic Tool for Nurse/Client Relationship Subia Parveen Rasheed, RN,
Lancaster University Social Work Visioning Project. Foster Carers: Two foster carers, who currently input into social work teaching, sought the views of other foster carers in the region through attending
BA Honours with a Major in Psychology The BA Honours with a Major in Psychology is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the discipline. The courses offered take students on a journey in which