1 Academy of Finland Research Programme Lastu Computational Science
2 Computational Science Research Programme (Lastu) Lastu in brief With the rapid development of computational devices and methods over the last few years, a completely new scientific discipline has emerged: computational science. It can be applied to all those research questions that require large amounts of data or high-performance computing. Through modelling and simulation complex experiments, a computational approach can lead to significant savings compared with practical experiments, which may not even be feasible. The main goals of the Computational Science Research Programme (LASTU) are to support increasingly complex computational studies in different fields of science, increase the methodological capabilities and promote good practices in data and software management. Computational science a new way of doing science The revolutionary development of information technology has dramatically changed the way research is done today. The calculation and data processing capacities of computers have reached the level where real systems can be described by computational models. Previously, only parts of real phenomena could be modelled, for example in climate modelling, where small-scale models for chemical reactions and large-scale air-flow models have been treated separately. Now these can be combined, which will improve our understanding of the behaviour of complicated systems where the interaction of small- and large-scale phenomena is crucial. Computational science has become the third leg next to theoretical and experimental science. Great challenges Computational science can help many scientific disciplines to solve problems hitherto inaccessible with tra- ditional methods. This is the case in brain research, for example, where the amount of data is huge, or in pulp manufacturing processes, where simulation requires high-performance computation in fluid analysis. A key topic of the LASTU research programme consists of such grand challenges where computationally challenging and scientifically significant questions are studied. Topical examples, in addition to climate change, are questions related to health and welfare, the security of global data networks, and controlling the global economy. Models describing these systems contain many interlinking elements. To solve, verify, and interpret these is both important to society and scientifically challenging. National and international development The breakthrough of computational science is part of the coinciding change of the science paradigm. This new principle is called escience. Research is moving into virtual environments. We need only look at the
3 dramatic changes in human interaction and the utilisation of library services, for instance. The idea of escience has also reached the political level, as a number of escience strategies have been written in the EU and at the national level. Finland, too, drafted a national escience strategy in One of the key suggestions in the strategy was to launch a national research programme in computational science. In addition, escience has also received a notable position at the Nordic level, being one of the future focus areas of Nordic science policy. to develop computational applications for different disciplines and for interdisciplinary research on various scientific and social problems and phenomena. To improve methodological skills and competencies, the research programme also aims to raise the level of mathematical and computer science knowledge in the scientific community. It will promote interaction between mathematics, computer science, information technology and research applying computational Goals One of the main objectives of the Computational Science Research Programme is to promote the use of computational methods throughout society. In view of this objective, the programme will be working to develop computational methods and the necessary statistical, mathematical and computer science solutions; to promote the efficient and appropriate use of infrastructures; to support computational science research; and
4 methods. To increase interdisciplinary interaction, the research programme aims to encourage transdisciplinary collaboration between application fields and algorithm and method development, and to act as a catalyst to refine ideas to concrete research co-operation. The programme aims to promote good practices in the storage and recording of data used and produced in research. Data are often part of international joint projects implying that the same commonly accepted practices must be followed everywhere. In terms of escience, this is still a considerable challenge. After programme launch The research programme can act as a link between scientists, not only within the LASTU projects, but in a broader context as well. There are a number of graduate schools in Finland and the other Nordic countries in the field of computational science. A particular goal is to bring these young scientists together under the com- mon interest of computational science. LASTU can also be a national contact point for the planned Nordic research programme in escience. In the first call of LASTU in 2009, funding was granted to seven Finnish research consortia as well as Finnish partners in three international projects in ERA-SysBio, the ERA-NET for systems biology. In 2011, LASTU plans to open another call, whose focus and timetable will be decided in Photos: futureimagebank.com, rodeo.fi Layout: Sole Lätti Helsinki University Print, Helsinki 2010
5 Lastu research programme Projects funded in the Lastu call BrIAn: Computational analysis of complex brain imaging data Aapo Hyvärinen, University of Helsinki Riitta Hari, Aalto University, TKK ComQuaCC: Computational research chain from quantum chemistry to climate change Hanna Vehkamäki, University of Helsinki Lauri Halonen, University of Helsinki Kari Lehtinen, Finnish Meteorological Institute SimITER: Turning Teraflops into Megawatts Taina Kurki-Suonio, Aalto University, TKK Markus Arila, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Jukka Heikkinen, Aalto University, TKK Kai Nordlund, University of Helsinki Jura Tarus, CSC IT Center for Science Jan Westerholm, Åbo Akademi University Projects funded in the ERA-SysBio+ call CSI Speech: Computerized inversion for spoken language - An interdisciplinary consortium on inverse problems in the production and perception of speech Samuli Siltanen, University of Helsinki Paavo Alku, Aalto University, TKK Risto Ilmoniemi, Aalto University, TKK Anne-Maria Laukkanen, University of Tampere SYNERGY: Systems approach to gene regulation biology through nuclear receptors Finnish partners Sampsa Hautaniemi, University of Helsinki (coordinator) Olli A Jänne, University of Helsinki Antti Honkela, Aalto University, TKK evlbi+geo: From ultrarapid data transfer into science - near realtime VLBI application Markku Poutanen, Finnish Geodetic Institute Merja Tornikoski, Aalto University, TKK MUMO: Multiscale modelling of chemical processes Tapio Salmi, Åbo Akademi University Matti Alatalo, Lappeenranta University of Technology Pertti Koukkari, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ilkka Turunen, Lappeenranta University of Technology Novac: Novel advanced mathematical and statistical methods for understanding climate Heikki Haario, Lappeenranta University of Technology Heikki Järvinen, Finnish Meteorological Institute Erkki Oja, Aalto University, TKK Johanna Tamminen, Finnish Meteorological Institute Tcellnet: Signalling pathways and gene regulator networks responsible for Th17 cell differentiation Finnish partners Riitta Lahesmaa, University of Turku (coordinator) Harri Lähdesmäki, Tampere University of Technology isam: Integrative Systems Analysis of the Shoot Apical Meristem Finnish partner Yrjö Helariutta, University of Helsinki
6 Further information Academy of Finland Pentti Pulkkinen, PhD Programme Manager Anssi Mälkki, PhD Programme Manager Ritva Helle Project Officer Programme website: Vilhonvuorenkatu 6 POB 99, FI Helsinki, Finland Tel Fax
Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan Roadmap on Education and Training Availability and mobilisation of appropriately skilled human resources JRC Coordination: A. Georgakaki, U. von Estorff, S.D. Peteves
DETAILED WORK PROGRAMME ON THE FOLLOW-UP OF THE OBJECTIVES OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS IN EUROPE 1 TABLE OF CONTTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY page 4 1 Introduction page 6 2 Education and training, a key priority
Antti Poikola Petri Kola Kari A. Hintikka Public data an introduction to opening information resources Case: Tax tree Cover image: Peter Tattersall Tax tree Peter Tattersall was the winner of the idea-category
Accessibility, sustainability, excellence: how to expand access to research publications Report of the Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings 2 Foreword This report, Accessibility,
EN HORIZON 2020 WORK PROGRAMME 2014 2015 16. Revised This Work Programme was adopted on 10 December 2013. The parts that relate to 2015 (topics, dates, budget) have, with this revised version, been updated.
Finland must take a leap towards new innovations Innovation Policy Guidelines up to 2015 Summary Finland must take a leap towards new innovations Innovation Policy Guidelines up to 2015 Summary 3 Foreword
Academic Libraries and Research Data Services Current Practices and Plans for the Future An ACRL White Paper Carol Tenopir Ben Birch Suzie Allard June 2012 About the authors Carol Tenopir is a Chancellor
Innovation How to convert Research into Commercial Success Story? Part 3 : Innovation Management for Practitioners Research and Innovation EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for Research and Innovation
EN HORIZON 2020 WORK PROGRAMME 2014 2015 4. Revised This Work Programme was adopted on 10 December 2013. The parts that relate to 2015 (topics, dates, budget) have, with this revised version, been updated.
A review of international evidence on interagency working, to inform the development of Children s Services Committees in Ireland AUGUST 2011 DEPARTMENT OF CHILDREN AND YOUTH AFFAIRS The author of this
IS 2010 Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Information Systems Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Association for Information Systems (AIS) Heikki Topi Joseph S. Valacich
Being Prepared for Climate Change A Workbook for Developing Risk-Based Adaptation Plans Cover photograph: Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. From: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department
Joint UNECE/Eurostat/OECD Work Session on Statistical Metadata (METIS) Generic Statistical Business Process Model Version 4.0 April 2009 Prepared by the UNECE Secretariat 1 I. Background 1. The Joint UNECE
The Way Forward: Strategic clinical networks The Way Forward Strategic clinical networks First published: 26 July 2012 Prepared by NHS Commissioning Board, a special health authority Contents Foreword...
Finnish Innovations and Technologies in Schools A Guide towards New Ecosystems of Learning Hannele Niemi, Jari Multisilta, Lasse Lipponen and Marianna Vivitsou (Eds.) Finnish Innovations and Technologies
Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area 2 DG Education and Culture This
MORE YEARS, BETTER LIVES Strategic Research Agenda on Demographic Change Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) More Years, Better Lives The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change 2014 Strategic Research
Horizon 2020 dedicated Expert Advisory Group on Innovation in SMEs Consultation on the EU Strategic Work Programme 2016 17 Final Report to the European Commission July 2014 Contents Executive Summary...
2014 How Does Learning Happen? Ontario s Pedagogy for the Early Years A resource about learning through relationships for those who work with young children and their families The Ontario Public Service
Towards a future proof system for higher education and research in Finland Publications of the Ministry on Education and Culture, Finland 2015:11 Göran Melin, Frank Zuijdam, Barbara Good, Jelena Angelis,
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION OCDE/GD(96)102 THE KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT Paris 1996 Copyright OECD, 1996 Applications for permission to reproduce or translate
DEFINE PROJECT DEFINE THEMATIC REPORT: FUNDING FOR EXCELLENCE BY ENORA BENNETOT PRUVOT AND THOMAS ESTERMANN Funding for excellence Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. Scope of the report... 3 3. Excellence
Developing DECC s Evidence Base January 2014 Crown copyright 2014 You may re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence.
Diploma Programme The Diploma Programme From principles into practice Diploma Programme The Diploma Programme From principles into practice Diploma Programme The Diploma Programme: From principles into
December 2009 Evaluation of Provision and Support for Disabled Students in Higher Education Report to HEFCE and HEFCW by the Centre for Disability Studies and School of Sociology and Social Policy at the
Central European Corporate R&D Report 2015 Partner s Foreword Investments in research and development are an indisputable driving force behind long-term economic growth. Empirical analyses show that when