VI Liekkipäivä Matti Kytö

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1 VI Liekkipäivä Matti Kytö

2 Program facts Duration: WP5_Intelligent automation and control 9 % WP6_Strategic research environment 13 % Budget by WP WP1_Advanced combustion 13 % Planned volume 37,8 M. 17 partners The objective of the FCEP research program is to ensure that Finnish combustion engine industry can maintain it s leading position on global markets. The program supports Finnish companies and research institutes through close cooperation to further develop their research facilities, know-how, technologies and products to meet the future market requirements like 80 % reduction in combustion engine powerplant emissions WP4_Fuel flexibility 9 % WP3_Emission control 15 % Universities 30 % Research 20 % Participants by budget WP2_Energy Efficiency 41 % Industry 50 %

3 Consortium Industial partners ABB Oy AGCO SISU POWER Oy Ecocat Oy Gasum Oy Metso Automation Oy Metso Power Oy Wapice Oy Wärtsilä Finland Oy Research organisations Aalto University MIKES Lappeenranta University of Technology Tampere University of Technology Turku University of Applied Sciences University of Oulu University of Vaasa VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Åbo Akademi University

4 Challenges, Needs, Opportunity

5 Program Structure and participants WP1 Advanced combustion Participants: Aalto, AGCO SISU POWER (ASP), Wärtsilä, ÅA. WP2 Energy efficiency Participants: Wärtsilä, Aalto, ABB, Metso A, Mikes, LUT, TUAS, TUT, UO, UV, VTT. WP3 Emission control Participants: Wärtsilä, ASP, Ecocat, Metso P., TUAS, UV, VTT, ÅA WP4 Fuel flexibility Participants: VTT, ASP, Gasum, UV, Wärtsilä. WP5 Intelligent automation and control Participants: Wärtsilä, TUT, UV, Wapice, VTT, ÅA. WP6 Srategic research environment Participants: VTT, Aalto, ABB, ASP, UV, TUAS, Wärtsilä.

6 WP1 joins high-level know how in Computational, Experimental, and Extreme Value combustion research. Goal is to find ways to build cleaner engines with increased performance values New method: Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) a Methodological Jump of Engine CFD Visualisation of flow over valve Fuel jet flow

7 Optical diagnostics Measurement system for gas mixing developed and tested Laser induced fluorescence measurement, tracer modules used for concentration mapping

8 Extreme Value Engine EVE Cylinder combustion measured first time at 300 bar New information over combustion, engine performance, emission formation New data for simulation models Inj. p Inj. mass IMEP ISFC ISNOx Lambda Charge p Backpress bar 1505 mg 37 bar 166 g/kwh 11,6 g/kwh 2,8 4,9 bar g 3,6 bar g 1800 bar 1480 mg 36 bar 168 g/kwh 10,5 g/kwh 3,0 5,2 bar g 3,8 bar g 1600 bar 1482 mg 35 bar 172 g/kwh 8,9 g/kwh 3,0 5,3 bar g 3,9 bar g

9 WP2: Goal is to find technical solutions that together are optimizing the energy efficiency of mechanical, electrical and heat energy recovery.

10 WP 2 - Enegy efficiency Electricity from heat Low-temperature ORC process, heat from charge air or exhaust gases, studies and simulations done Thermoelectric materials: Laboratory to evaluate properties, first experiments to manufacture thermoelectric materials Electro Hydraulic Valve Actuator (EHVA) Improved version of EHVA ready Smaller flow, better efficiency Simulation model for oscillations has been built and verified with measurements

11 WP3: Better emission control technologies to cope with future emission regulations. Development of novel vanadium free SCR catalyst materials for high sulphur fuels Different new catalyst materials were prepared and characterized Multipurpose testing platform for emission control systems, which can be used flexibly for sampling, testing and measuring of the performance, ageing or other similar purpose, of emission control elements

12 continues Hybrid scrubber New concept ready (patent application) Proto designed and manufactured, ship tests during 2012 High speed engines Exhaust temperature management methods => lower emissions and better energy efficiency Methane reduction Development of pre turbine oxi-cat application

13 WP4 Fuel flexibility Objectives: Increase fuel flexibility, develop a method for predicting the performance and emissions of the engine using a particular fuel and engine development to enlarge possibilities to utilize alternative fuels. Method established to predict correlation between fuel properties and engine performance Liquid fuel compatible GD injection system was built and tested first time. Dual-fuel high-speed engine build and tested, ethanol as main fuel

14 WP5: Intelligent automation and control Objective Development of intelligent and adaptive systems using the appropriate level of required technology for optimizing operation, operability and reliability. Output: Optimized usage, operational cost reduction, better energy efficiency, failure detection, predictive maintenance Diesel engine turbocharger air Gen. SCR catalyzer energy recovery exhaust gas Inputs (WP 5) Weather station WP 5 Intelligent A&C web

15 WP 5 Embedded sensor development Direct Write Thermal Spray (DWTS) sensors Thermocouples and strain gages have been fabricated by DWTS technology on laboratory test samples. The first tests prove the functionality and applicability of the sensors. Fibre optic sensors The fibre optic sensors for measuring the oil film pressure in the journal bearing Acustic emission sensor AE sensors for knock detection (40 khz) and for bearing fault detection (120 khz)

16 WP6: Strategic Research Environment The objective is to create unique and world class facilities in Finland for the research of energy producing combustion engines and their auxiliary systems. Focus in energy efficiency, emission reduction, alternative energy sources, and the application of new concepts, designs, and materials. New medium speed diesel engine research facilities at VTT is the biggest effort

17 WP 6 Progress Research infrastructure Fully Optical Research Engine at Aalto Extended Bowditch -piston with fully transparent piston top Four windows at upper part of cylider liner for illumination of combustion chamber

18 Outcome 3 Doctoral Thesis + 1 Lic. Thesis 10 Master thesis 2 Bachelor Thesis 13 Scientific articles Researcher exhange: >40 months, planned grand total 68 months

19 Further information Program Manager: Matti Kytö,VTT, phone , Chairman of the Program Steering Committee: Erkko Fontell, phone ,

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