6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 9 Ancient Greece

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1 6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 9 Ancient Greece 1

2 Why We Remember (p.245) Read why we remember 1. Why might events in this chapter be important to you? 2. Tell anything you already know about ancient Greece. 3. How did the ideas about freedom in Greece affect our lives today? The Geography of Greece (p.246) 4. How did the physical geography of Greece influence the people who lived there? A Mountainous Land (p.247) 5. How do you think mountains affected the Greek way of life? 6. Where is Greece located? 7. How do you think Greece's nearness to the seas influenced the development of its civilization? A Land Tied to the Sea (p.248) 8. What does Plato's quote suggest about the relationship Greeks had with the sea? 9. What positive effect did Greece's location near the sea have on its economy? 10. How did living by the sea affect both the lives and ideas of the Greeks? 2

3 Independent Communities (p.249) 11. Why did people from one region not travel to nearby regions? What effect did this have on Greece? 12. Who did the Greeks admire and respect? How can you tell? 13. How did the climate effect cultural practices in Greece, meaning how did the climate affect their lives? Two Early Greek Civilizations (p ) 14. How did trading affect the Minoan standard of living? (How they lived) 15. How did Mycenae become a powerful city-state? LESSON 1 REVIEW The Physical Geography of Greece was a strong influence on Greek civilization. What three geographic features or lack of features make the above statement true? What was the Minoan civilization? 3

4 5. What are the three seas that border Greece? 6. What effect did the mountains have on Greece? 7. In your own words describe the importance of the sea to the people of Greece. LESSON 2 THE GREEK CITY-STATES 1. Who was Zeus? The Greek City-States (p.252) 2. Who was Athena? The Power of the Greek Myths and Legends (p253) 3. Who were the participants in the Trojan War? 4. What was the purpose of the Trojan horse? 5. Who was the famous Greek poet and what are his two most recognized works? 6. What were the Olympics? The Gods of Mount Olympus (p.254) Democracy Begins in Greece (p.255) Define: aristocracy 4

5 Define democracy 7. Why did some people of Athens not have the right to vote? Rivals: Athens and Sparta (p.255) 8. In return for their rights the people of Athens had major responsibilities. Name two of these responsibilities. 9. How was Sparta different from Athens? 10. Explain what type of life a child in Sparta had to look forward to. Women in Sparta (p. 256) 11. What was the meaning of the advice from the Spartan women? LESSON 2 REVIEW 1. Give two similarities between Athens and Sparta and two differences. Similarities Differences 2. Where did the Greeks believe that most gods lived? 3. What is an aristocracy? 5

6 4. What does the story about the Trojan War tell us about the Greek attitudes toward their gods and goddesses? 5. Would you have rather lived in Athens or Sparta? Tell why. LESSON 3 THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS The Golden Age of Athens (p.260) 1. The Athenian warrior who ran a great distance to bring a message to the people of Athens invented the modern race we call today the. The Greeks Clash With The Persians (p261) 2. How long after the battle at Marathon did the Persians attack Greece for a second time? 3. Which two Greek enemies worked together to defeat the Persians? Map Adventure (p261) Answer the four questions in the map adventure below The Golden Age (p262) 4. Name the three great Greek philosophers of the Golden Age. 6

7 5. What did the Greek philosophers believe? Fact File: The Greek Philosophers 6. How were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle alike? 7. Which detail supports the idea that Aristotle's knowledge was great and varied? The Greeks Fight Against Each Other (p263) 8. What decisions did Athens make regarding the funds of the Delian League? Do you think these were good decisions? Why or why not? 9. What was the major reason for Sparta's victory over Athens? Use the map on the bottom to answer question Most of the coastline shown on the map was controlled by the allies of which citystate? Decline of the Greek City-States 11. Why was Sparta so weak even though it was victorious in the Peloponnesian War? LESSON 3 REVIEW Athens enters its Golden Age Fill in events in the grid that explain why Athens was entering their Golden Age. 7

8 2. What was the Delian League? 3. Why was the Battle of Salamis important to the Greece? 4. What were some of the Fields of study in which Athens excelled during its Golden Age? Socrates (p.265) 1. According to the quote, what was Socrates main goal in life? 2. Do you agree with Socrates argument in his court case, if so why or why not? 3. If Socrates had agreed to escape from jail, do you think he would be viewed differently today? Explain. LESSON 4 ALEXANDER THE GREAT Alexander The Great (p. 266) 1. Why did Alexander become leader of Macedonia? Alexander's conquests (p. 267) 2. Why do you think Alexander was a good leader? Explain. 8

9 3. When did Persia begin its rule over Egypt? 4. How did Alexander's leadership affect the size of his empire? Use the map on page 267 to answer question Based on the map, on which continents did Alexander make conquests? A Great Empire (p.268) 6. Which army did Alexander defeat before moving eastward? 7. Which facts support the opinion that Alexander was a brilliant military leader? The Hellenistic Age (p.269) 8. Did Alexander's empire continue to grow after his death? Explain. 9. How did the Greek culture spread to all parts of the world? 10. Did trading with far-off lands help or hinder the economy of the Hellenistic cities? Explain. 11. What is one reason Egypt became a great center of learning? 9

10 Discovery and Invention (p. 270) 12. How do modern doctors honor the father of medicine? 13. What does the quote from Archimedes tell you about his inventions? LESSON 4 REVIEW Fill in the cause and effect chart below Causes Phillip 11 dies. Effects Alexander becomes Pharaoh of Egypt. The Hellenistic Age begins. 2. How did Alexander become King of Macedonia? 3. How did Alexander display his leadership qualities? 4. What was Hellenistic culture, and how did it begin? 5. How might the discoveries made by Hippocrates have changed people's lives during the Hellenistic Age? 10

11 11

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