Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a"

Transcription

1 Chapter 18 Introduction to A f r i c a

2 Ch. 18:1 Landforms & Resources 1. Africa s shape & landforms are the result of its location in the southern part of the ancient supercontinent of. Pangaea Over thousands of years, North & South America,, Antarctica Australia, and India drifted into their current, positions but present-day Africa moved. very little 2. A huge plateau covers most of Africa. It rises inland from narrow lowlands along the. coast 3. Throughout this landform lie five huge. basins Each one spans more than 625 miles across and is up to 5,000 feet deep.

3 The African landscape is largely a vast interior plateau surrounded by a narrow coastal plain.

4 4. The world s longest river, the, Nile flows more than 4,000 miles through, Uganda Sudan, and. Egypt 5. The continent s most distinctive landforms are in. East Africa This area contains long, thin valleys called. rift valleys 6. A cluster of lakes formed at the bottom of some of these valleys., Lake Tanganyika the longest freshwater lake in the world, stretches about 420 miles and is more than 4,700 feet deep. 7. Africa contains mainly volcanic mountains. Mount Kenya &, Mount Kilimanjaro Africa s highest peak, are both. volcanic

5 Bridge spanning the Nile in Cairo

6 Traditional Egyptian boat on the Nile

7 The Great Pyramids of Giza, seen from the Nile River

8 Along the Nile

9 Zebras in the Great Rift Valley

10 Masai boys in the Great Rift Valley

11 Mt. Kenya Rain Forest

12 Mt. Kenya

13 Mt. Kilimanjaro

14 Lake Tanganyika

15 Lake Victoria

16 8. Africa s minerals place it among the world s richest continents. For example, South Africa is the world s largest producer of, chromium an element used in. stainless steel 9. Recently discovered offshore oil will likely enable Angola to surpass Nigeria as Africa s most oil-rich country. 10. After oil, coffee is the most profitable commodity in Africa.

17

18 Entrance to South African Diamond Mine

19 Offshore oil drilling rig near Nigeria

20 Grinding coffee in Ethiopia

21 Ch. 18:2 Climate & Vegetation 1. Africa lies almost entirely between the Tropic of Cancer & the Tropic of. Capricorn This location gives most of Africa, warm tropical. temperatures 2. The largest desert in the world, the, Sahara stretches about 3,000 miles across Africa, from the Atlantic Ocean to the, Red Sea and also runs 1,200 miles from north to. south 3. Six thousand feet under this desert lie huge stores of underground water called. aquifers 4. Nearly 90 percent of Africa lies within the Zone. Tropical

22

23 Sahara

24 AQUIFERS

25 5. Rainfall in Africa is often a matter of. extremes Some parts get too much rain, while others parts receive too. little The closer an area is to the, equator the longer the. rainy season 6. A climate Mediterranean exists on the northern & southern tips of the. continent 7. Tropical grassland covers most of Africa. Serengeti National Park located in north-central, Tanzania contains some of the best grasslands in the. world 8. The rest of Africa is covered by a wide variety of, plant life from tropical rain forests to. grapes The rain forests of Africa sit on the Congo Basin in the area of the. equator

26 Climates of Africa

27 Serengeti National Park

28

29

30

31

32

33 9. Most animals in a rain forest live in the, tops of trees about 150 feet above the. ground This area is called a. canopy 10. All of Africa s regions contain a variety of. vegetation The of mangrove West Africa sprouts up along river banks in swamps & river.the deltas roots of this tree are breeding grounds for. fish

34 African Rain Forest

35 mangrove

36 Ch. 18:3 Human-Environment Interaction The Sahel in Arabic means shore of the desert It is a narrow band of dry grassland that runs east to west on the southern edge of the. Sahara Since the 1960s, the desert has spread into this band of dry grassland. This shift of the desert is called, desertification which is the expansion of dry conditions to moist areas that are next to deserts. Farming increases this process. When farmers clear land to plant, crops they expose the soil to the, wind which can cause. erosion In addition, irrigation increases salt levels which prevent the growth of. vegetation

37 Desertification

38 Another environmental issue has to do with the discovery of oil in Nigeria in Rich oil deposits in the Niger delta made Nigeria one of Africa s wealthiest countries. The damage caused by foreign oil companies & the Nigerian government has been. severe More than 4,000 have oil spills been recorded in Nigeria over the past. decades Egypt faces environmental challenges caused by another resource. water Throughout, history Egyptians have experienced cycles of floods &. droughts To solve these problems, they built the Aswan High Dam, which was completed in The dam gives farmers a regular supply of. water

39 Gas Flare in Nigerian Delta Oil Fields

40 Aswan High Dam on the Nile River

41 Abu Simbel, north of Aswan High Dam

42 Because of the, dam the Nile river no longer deposits its rich silt on the farmland. Now, farmers must rely on expensive artificial fertilizers to enrich the. soil Also, year-round irrigation has resulted in a rising water table in Egypt. As a result, salts from deep in the earth have decreased the fertility of the soil.

Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a

Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a Chapter 18 Introduction to A f r i c a Ch. 18:1 Landforms & Resources 1. Africa s shape & landforms are the result of its location in the southern part of the ancient supercontinent of. Pangaea Over thousands

More information

Grade 5 Term 1-2016 Geography

Grade 5 Term 1-2016 Geography 1 Grade 5 Term 1-2016 Geography World map and compass directions The position of the equator and the North and South Poles on a globe The equator is an imaginary line that divides the earth into a top

More information

NATURAL REGIONS OF KENTUCKY

NATURAL REGIONS OF KENTUCKY NATURAL WONDERS As you travel around Kentucky taking pictures, you are excited by what you see. Kentucky offers diverse and amazing sights. The Six Regions In the West, you see the Mississippi River, the

More information

Water Scarcity in Egypt:

Water Scarcity in Egypt: 2014 Water Scarcity in Egypt: Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, Egypt February 2014 I. Introduction Egypt has reached a state where the quantity of water available is imposing limits on its national

More information

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank Read Section 2.3. Write one or two sentences describing the type of thematic map you read about. Then match the physical features in the Word Bank to their correct locations on the illustration. An example

More information

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 STD V WORKSHEET Page 1 of 7 SOCIAL STUDIES LESSON - 1. KNOW YOUR PLANET Fill in the blanks: 1. A book containing maps is called an. 2. A Flemish map maker,

More information

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Definitions Climate is the average weather of a place over many years Geographers discuss five broad types of climates Moderate, dry, tropical, continental, polar Vegetation:

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

Geography, Map Skills, and Environmental Awareness. Unit 5

Geography, Map Skills, and Environmental Awareness. Unit 5 Geography, Map Skills, and Environmental Awareness Unit 5 Map Skills LESSONS 1 The Globe: An Overview 2 Introduction to Maps 3 Introduction to Topographic Maps 4 Grid Reference System 5 Contours and Landforms

More information

Biomes An Overview of Ecology Biomes Freshwater Biomes

Biomes An Overview of Ecology Biomes Freshwater Biomes Biomes An Overview of Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environments. Ecology can be divided into four increasingly comprehensive levels: Organismal

More information

Human Environment Interaction in Africa Using National Geographic Maps in the Classroom

Human Environment Interaction in Africa Using National Geographic Maps in the Classroom Human Environment Interaction in Africa Using National Geographic Maps in the Classroom Michigan Geographic Alliance Teacher Consultant Stan Masters Overview: Many of the important issues facing modern

More information

Table of Contents. Table of Contents. Daily Skill Builders: World Geography

Table of Contents. Table of Contents. Daily Skill Builders: World Geography Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction to the Teacher... iv Correlation to Geography for Life National Geography Standards... 1 Map Skills and World Overview 1. Types of Maps... 3 2. Parts of

More information

BALBHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL, PITAMPURA,NEW DELHI COMPREHENSIVE NOTES CHAPTER-6 HUMAN RESOURCES CLASS-VIII SUBJECT-GEOGRAPHY FINAL TERM

BALBHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL, PITAMPURA,NEW DELHI COMPREHENSIVE NOTES CHAPTER-6 HUMAN RESOURCES CLASS-VIII SUBJECT-GEOGRAPHY FINAL TERM BALBHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL, PITAMPURA,NEW DELHI COMPREHENSIVE NOTES CHAPTER-6 HUMAN RESOURCES CLASS-VIII SUBJECT-GEOGRAPHY FINAL TERM Q1. Why are people considered as a resource? A1. People are a nation

More information

LANDFORMS? WHAT ARE. landforms the natural features that make up Earth s surface

LANDFORMS? WHAT ARE. landforms the natural features that make up Earth s surface WHAT ARE LADFORMS? Think about the shape of the land where you live. Is it flat or rolling? Are there valleys or mountains? Often, we overlook the landforms that are around us. Landforms are the natural

More information

not to be republished NCERT MAJOR LANDFORMS OF THE EARTH

not to be republished NCERT MAJOR LANDFORMS OF THE EARTH 6 You must have seen some of the landform features as shown in the Figure 6.1 below. You will notice that the surface of the earth is not the same everywhere. The earth has an infinite variety of landforms.

More information

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grasslands Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grassland Biome A grassland ecosystem is an area that receives more rainfall than a desert, but not enough to support the trees of a forest. These usually exist

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack

Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack This pack includes the following lessons: Locating Egypt The River Nile Archeology Hieroglyphics Pharaohs Every effort has been made to seek permission for the

More information

Ancient Egypt Handouts

Ancient Egypt Handouts Ancient Egypt Handouts Map of Egypt Lower Egypt Upper Egypt Ancient Egypt 1 Map of Egypt-Answer Sheet 30ºE 40ºE 50ºN Mediterranean Sea 40ºN Africa Alexandria Rosetta Giza Memphis Sinai Pen. Middle East

More information

Physiography, Geography and Climate of Latin America (Lecture 3)

Physiography, Geography and Climate of Latin America (Lecture 3) Physiography, Geography and Climate of Latin America (Lecture 3) Natural Landmarks in Latin America World's longest and second highest mountain range, and the world's highest active volcanoes. Biggest

More information

Name Date Hour. Plants grow in layers. The canopy receives about 95% of the sunlight leaving little sun for the forest floor.

Name Date Hour. Plants grow in layers. The canopy receives about 95% of the sunlight leaving little sun for the forest floor. Name Date Hour Directions: You are to complete the table by using your environmental text book and the example given here. You want to locate all the abiotic (non-living) and biotic (living) factors in

More information

MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH

MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH 5 MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH Word Origin In the Greek language, Lithos means Stone; Atmos means Vapour; Hudor means Water; and Bios means Life. Can you make words using the above? As you have read in the

More information

Location Knowledge. Location Knowledge. Russia. Russia. Location Knowledge. Location Knowledge. Russia. Russia. Location Knowledge. Location Knowledge

Location Knowledge. Location Knowledge. Russia. Russia. Location Knowledge. Location Knowledge. Russia. Russia. Location Knowledge. Location Knowledge Russia What is the coldest temperature experienced in the Tundra region of Russia? 1 Russia Temperatures in the Tundra region of Russia can be as low as -50 C. 1 Russia How has Russia s population changed

More information

Rocks and Plate Tectonics

Rocks and Plate Tectonics Name: Class: _ Date: _ Rocks and Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or

More information

Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1. Describe aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale

Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1. Describe aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale Exemplar for internal assessment resource Geography for Achievement Standard 91013 Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1 This exemplar supports assessment against: Achievement Standard

More information

5thscience earth science (5thscience_earth)

5thscience earth science (5thscience_earth) Name: Date: 1. An extinct volcano is one that A. erupts only once. B. erupts once every 100 years. C. is expected to erupt soon. D. has not erupted in many years. 2. An acorn fell into a crack in a large

More information

Week 1. Week 2. Week 3

Week 1. Week 2. Week 3 Week 1 1. What US city has the largest population? 2. Where is Aachen? 3. What is the capitol of Florida? 4. What is the longest mountain range in Spain? 5. What countries border Equador? Week 2 1. What

More information

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological

More information

Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station

Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station AUTUMN 1 Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station This chapter continues to explore the world at global, national and

More information

Tropical Dry Forest. Tropical Rain Forest. What I Discovered at the Zoo Name of animal that lives in this biome:

Tropical Dry Forest. Tropical Rain Forest. What I Discovered at the Zoo Name of animal that lives in this biome: Tropical Rain Forest Tropical rain forests are home to more species than all other land biomes combined. The leafy tops of tall trees extending up to 70 meters above the forest floor form a dense covering

More information

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States 170 E Arctic Ocean 10 W 180 20 W 30 W 1 Mount McKinley 40 W 160 W 150 W Hudson Bay 50 W Canadian Shield Vancouver Island

More information

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

More information

Section 4 Soil Conservation

Section 4 Soil Conservation Section 4 Soil Conservation Key Concept Soil is a nonrenewable resource that can be endangered if it is used unwisely. What You Will Learn Soil is important for plants and animals and for the storage of

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide

Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Name: Class: Date: Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The existence of coal beds in Antarctica

More information

Teacher s Masters California Education and the Environment Initiative. History-Social Science Standards 6.2.6. and 6.2.8. Egypt and Kush: A Tale of

Teacher s Masters California Education and the Environment Initiative. History-Social Science Standards 6.2.6. and 6.2.8. Egypt and Kush: A Tale of 6 Teacher s Masters California Education and the Environment Initiative History-Social Science Standards 6.2.6. and 6.2.8. Egypt and Kush: A Tale of Two Kingdoms California Education and the Environment

More information

Advice For the multiple-choice questions, completely fill in the circle alongside the appropriate answer(s).

Advice For the multiple-choice questions, completely fill in the circle alongside the appropriate answer(s). SPECIMEN ASSESSMENT MATERIAL GCSE GEOGRAPHY Paper 1 Living with the physical environment Specimen Materials For this paper you must have: a pencil a ruler. Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes Instructions

More information

9. What name have geographers given to the movement of the continents over millions of years?

9. What name have geographers given to the movement of the continents over millions of years? Name BASICS OF GEOGRAPHY: Water and Landforms Viewer's Guide DIRECTIONS: Review the following questions before watching the video, and be prepared to discuss the answers with the class after the video

More information

Rainforest Concern Module 2 Why do we need rainforests?

Rainforest Concern Module 2 Why do we need rainforests? Rainforest Concern Module 2 Why do we need rainforests? Rainforest Concern Module 2: Why do we need Rainforest? Before we go any further, there are some words you may not understand, and these words and

More information

Maps and Globes. By Kennedy s Korner

Maps and Globes. By Kennedy s Korner Maps and Globes By Kennedy s Korner Table of Contents Words to Know What are Maps and Globes Map Key or Symbols Cardinal Directions Intermediate Directions Equator Prime Meridian Hemispheres Coordinate

More information

LEARNING THE LANDFORMS Grade Level: Third Presented by: Elizabeth Turcott, Endeavor Charter Academy, Springfield, Michigan Length of Unit: 14 lessons

LEARNING THE LANDFORMS Grade Level: Third Presented by: Elizabeth Turcott, Endeavor Charter Academy, Springfield, Michigan Length of Unit: 14 lessons LEARNING THE LANDFORMS Grade Level: Third Presented by: Elizabeth Turcott, Endeavor Charter Academy, Springfield, Michigan Length of Unit: 14 lessons I. ABSTRACT This unit develops an understanding of

More information

The Geographv of Ancient Rome

The Geographv of Ancient Rome The Geographv of Ancient Rome Italy is a rocky, mountainous peninsula 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. The Apennine Mountains form its "backbone" and stretch from north to south, with the Tiber River

More information

Geography at GISSV: An Introduction to the Curriculum

Geography at GISSV: An Introduction to the Curriculum Geography at GISSV: An Introduction to the Curriculum Classes Geography is taught for two hours per week in Grades 5-9. The only exception is in Grade 8, where class is taught for one hour per week for

More information

Australia, Boambee and Boambee Public School. Boambee

Australia, Boambee and Boambee Public School. Boambee Australia, Boambee and Boambee Public School Boambee Today we will take you on a quick trip around Australia and we hope you will begin to understand; The size of Australia The various climates of Australia

More information

TANZANIA. The land area of Tanzania is about 1 million square kilometres. This includes the offshore islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia.

TANZANIA. The land area of Tanzania is about 1 million square kilometres. This includes the offshore islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. TANZANIA 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 THE COUNTRY Tanzania lies on the East Coast of Africa between 1 O and 11 O S latitude and between 29o and 40 o E Longitude. It is bordered by Kenya in the North and shares

More information

The Gift of the Nile: Part 1: Analyzing Documents

The Gift of the Nile: Part 1: Analyzing Documents The Gift of the Nile: Part 1: Analyzing Documents and Primary Sources What role did Geography play in the everyday life of Ancient Egyptians? Today in class, you will have the opportunity to look at different

More information

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: ES Chapter 10 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Scientists used the pattern of alternating normal and reversed

More information

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests.

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests. Tropical Rainforests Reasons for their Destruction Tropical Rainforests are found in the Amazon Basin of South America, (e.g. Brazil) Central Africa (e.g. Congo) and South East Asia (e.g. Indonesia). There

More information

So You Think You Know Social Studies

So You Think You Know Social Studies Name: Lesson 1.0 Date: Period: So You Think You Know Social Studies 6th grade Social Studies Pre-Assessment Directions: Please complete the pre-assessment below to the best of your ability. You will receive

More information

atlas region compass equator landmark ocean What do you know about an atlas? Complete the chart below.

atlas region compass equator landmark ocean What do you know about an atlas? Complete the chart below. World Atlas Building Background What Is an Atlas? Vocabulary What Is an Atlas?, Using an Atlas & The World What do you know about an atlas? Complete the chart below. What is an atlas? Read the definitions

More information

Countries and Continents of the World

Countries and Continents of the World Countries and Continents of the World http://geology.com/world/world-map-clickable.gif By STF Members at The Crossroads School Africa Second largest continent on earth (30,065,000 Sq. Km) Most countries

More information

Chesapeake Bay Governor School for Marine and Environmental Science

Chesapeake Bay Governor School for Marine and Environmental Science Choose the best answer and write on the answer sheet provided. 1. Which of the following is LEAST likely to be an effect of global warming? (a) Loss of fertile delta regions for agriculture (b) Change

More information

Continents join together and split apart.

Continents join together and split apart. KEY CONCEPT Continents change position over time. BEFORE, you learned Earth s main layers are the core, the mantle, and the crust The lithosphere and asthenosphere are the topmost layers of Earth The lithosphere

More information

Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

More information

What I Learned. List the three most important things you learned in this theme. Tell why you listed each one. Name. 22 Geography Learning Masters

What I Learned. List the three most important things you learned in this theme. Tell why you listed each one. Name. 22 Geography Learning Masters What I Learned List the three most important things you learned in this theme. Tell why you listed each one. 1. 2. 3. 22 Geography Learning Masters How I Learned Think about reading the books in this theme.

More information

INTRODUCTION TO PLATE TECTONICS. Alfred Wegener

INTRODUCTION TO PLATE TECTONICS. Alfred Wegener INTRODUCTION TO PLATE TECTONICS Alfred Wegener 12-1 CONTINENTAL DRIFT AN IDEA BEFORE ITS TIME Alfred Wegener first proposed his continental drift hypothesis in 1915 when he published The Origin of Continents

More information

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6 Holt Ch. 6 Biomes Section 6.1 pg 153-155 # 1-6 1. Describe how plants determine the name of a biome. Scientists name biomes after their vegetation because the plants that grow in an area determine what

More information

Five Themes of Geography

Five Themes of Geography Five Themes of Geography Studying the geography of the entire world is a huge task. You can make that task easier by using the five themes of geography: location, regions, place, movement, and humanenvironment

More information

1. Incredible India. Shade the map on the next page, to show India s relief. The correct shading is shown on the final page! Incredible India India

1. Incredible India. Shade the map on the next page, to show India s relief. The correct shading is shown on the final page! Incredible India India 1. Incredible India Shade the map on the next page, to show India s relief. The correct shading is shown on the final page! Incredible India India The DCSF supported Action plan for Geography is delivered

More information

Teaching and Learning Content: Geography Year Group: 10

Teaching and Learning Content: Geography Year Group: 10 Teaching and Learning Content: Geography Year Group: 10 Autumn Term The Living World How is an ecosystem made up of plants and animals and the physical factors affecting them (climate and soil)? How do

More information

King & Emperor George V ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SMALL SILVER COINS - EAST AFRICA - PAGE 176. Modern Dime Size Silver Coins of the World EAST AFRICA & UGANDA

King & Emperor George V ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SMALL SILVER COINS - EAST AFRICA - PAGE 176. Modern Dime Size Silver Coins of the World EAST AFRICA & UGANDA Modern Dime Size Silver Coins of the World EAST AFRICA & UGANDA (1911) 1910 200,000 OV: Head of Edward VII, facing right EDWARD VII, KING & left EMPEROR right / DES under bust. (African landscape) 25 /

More information

Deserts, Wind Erosion and Deposition

Deserts, Wind Erosion and Deposition Deserts, Wind Erosion and Deposition By definition, a desert has less than 10 in (25 cm) of precipitation per year. Deserts occur at 30 o and 60 o in regions of descending air. Deserts can be hot or cold.

More information

GEOGRAPHY WORKSHEET. (complete the chart) Range Location Length ANDES South America 7,240 km. Period. Scottish Highlands Early Devonian 400

GEOGRAPHY WORKSHEET. (complete the chart) Range Location Length ANDES South America 7,240 km. Period. Scottish Highlands Early Devonian 400 Maps 1-page1 GEOGRAPHY WORKSHEET The Earth is a dynamic and incredibly heterogeneous place. There are a number of important places on Earth you should know about in order to get a sense of the magnitude

More information

Ancient Egypt Scavenger Hunt

Ancient Egypt Scavenger Hunt Ancient Egypt Scavenger Hunt Name: As an archaeologist preparing for an expedition to explore a newly discovered pyramid, you are trying to learn as much as you can about the Ancient Egyptian civilization.

More information

~I can identify modern day countries that were affected by ancient Rome. ~I can compare and contrast the geography of Rome and Greece.

~I can identify modern day countries that were affected by ancient Rome. ~I can compare and contrast the geography of Rome and Greece. Objective: I can examine and analyze thematic maps to learn about the physical geography of ancient Rome and how it influenced the development of Roman civilization. ~I can identify modern day countries

More information

A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1.

A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1. Land Biomes A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1. Climate is described by a climatograph. Two of the

More information

Igneous rocks formed when hot molten material (magma) cools and hardens (crystallizes).

Igneous rocks formed when hot molten material (magma) cools and hardens (crystallizes). Objectives You will learn about how the land of North Dakota was formed. Introduction North Dakota is a wonderful place to live. Have you ever though about how it was formed? To answer that question, you

More information

Stage 4. Geography. Blackline Masters. By Karen Devine

Stage 4. Geography. Blackline Masters. By Karen Devine 1 Devine Educational Consultancy Services Stage 4 Geography Blackline Masters By Karen Devine Updated January 2010 2 This book is intended for the exclusive use in NSW Secondary Schools. It is meant to

More information

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe 58 The Causes of Climate R E A D I N G Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe weather, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. You now know that oceans have an important effect

More information

Identify and apply the five themes of geography

Identify and apply the five themes of geography COMPETENCY 1.0 KNOWLEDGE OF GEOGRAPHY Skill 1.1 Identify and apply the five themes of geography GEOGRAPHY involves studying location and how living things and earth's features are distributed throughout

More information

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Lesson 1: Layers of the Earth 1. Atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet 2. Clouds are in this layer 3. Atmosphere contains gases

More information

Answer Keys to Unit Tests

Answer Keys to Unit Tests Reading Geography Series Answer Keys to Unit Tests Unit 1 The Five Themes of Geography Unit 2 Patterns in Physical Geography Unit 3 Natural Resources 7 Portage & Main Press Unit Test for The Five Themes

More information

Tectonic plates have different boundaries.

Tectonic plates have different boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates move apart. BEFORE, you learned The continents join and break apart The sea floor provides evidence that tectonic plates move The theory of plate tectonics helps explain how the plates

More information

Hydropower and Ocean Energy

Hydropower and Ocean Energy LESSON 2 Hydropower and Ocean Energy Guiding Question: How can water be used to address energy needs? Explain how river water can be used to generate Identify benefits and costs of hydropower. Describe

More information

Earth Science Chapter 14 Section 2 Review

Earth Science Chapter 14 Section 2 Review Name: Class: Date: Earth Science Chapter 14 Section Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the three

More information

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere Weather & Climate ~occur every 3-7 years ~can last weeks or years! ~cooler/wetter conditions in SE US ~dry weather in southern Africa, Southeast Asia,

More information

Global Water Resources

Global Water Resources Global Water Resources Highlights from assessment activities over the past two decades, which are used to establish present and future water trends, reveal that: 1. Freshwater resources are unevenly distributed,

More information

EARTH LAYERS ROCKS. Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass

EARTH LAYERS ROCKS. Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass www.solpass.org SOL 5.7 Earth s Constantly Changing Surface The student will investigate and understand how Earth s surface is constantly

More information

Desertification: Cause and Effect Students learn about the causes and effects of desertification threatening the African Sahel.

Desertification: Cause and Effect Students learn about the causes and effects of desertification threatening the African Sahel. Students learn about the causes and effects of desertification threatening the African Sahel. Author Grade Level Duration Barbara Stout 6-8 and 4-5 class periods National Geography Standards ELEMENT TWO:

More information

Name: World Geography. Unit 7: Africa South of the Sahara. Chapter 19- Physical Geography of Africa South of the Sahara

Name: World Geography. Unit 7: Africa South of the Sahara. Chapter 19- Physical Geography of Africa South of the Sahara Name: World Geography Unit 7: Africa South of the Sahara Chapter 19- Physical Geography of Africa South of the Sahara Chapter 20- History and Cultures of Africa South of the Sahara Chapter 21- Africa South

More information

Republic of. Mali. Progress Towards Sustainability As defined by the United Nations Millennium Development Goal 7 indicators 11.5 10.7 10.

Republic of. Mali. Progress Towards Sustainability As defined by the United Nations Millennium Development Goal 7 indicators 11.5 10.7 10. Republic of Mali Total Surface Area: 1 4 19 km Estimated Population in 6: 13 918 Mali is a large landlocked country stretching from the Sahara Desert in the north to the Niger and Senegal River Basins

More information

Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.)

Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) Ancient River Valley Civilizations Ancient River Valley Civilizations WHI.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient

More information

Kenya s Masai Mara - Africa s most famous safari destination.

Kenya s Masai Mara - Africa s most famous safari destination. Kenya Country Guide Kenya s Masai Mara - Africa s most famous safari destination. National Parks in which we operate: Masai Mara Kenya - home to the famous Masai Mara Game Reserve The country is named

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

More information

THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS

THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS Key Stage 2 National Curriculum Unit 10 THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS Interactive ACTIVITY BOOKLET What can we find out about ancient Egypt from what has survived? National Curriculum Key Stage 2 The Ancient Egyptians

More information

TEACHER RESOURCE PACK

TEACHER RESOURCE PACK TEACHER RESOURCE PACK YOUR VISIT TO AMAZONIA BEFORE YOUR VISIT NOTES Teachers can book a preliminary visit to Amazonia before a booked group visit. See the layout of Amazonia. Ask the staff any questions

More information

The mystery of the moving crust has puzzled people for thousands of years.

The mystery of the moving crust has puzzled people for thousands of years. Why does Earth's crust move? The mystery of the moving crust has puzzled people for thousands of years. During the past 25 years technology has been developed to provide clues to solve the mystery. Many

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Alburnett Community School 7 th Grade World Geography Curriculum Map. Introduction / 2 weeks

Alburnett Community School 7 th Grade World Geography Curriculum Map. Introduction / 2 weeks 7 th Grade World Geography Curriculum Map Introduction / 2 weeks Geographers show information on maps using tools such as keys, compass rose, scales, etc. Geographers use a variety of maps to represent

More information

Worksheet A Environmental Problems

Worksheet A Environmental Problems Worksheet A Environmental Problems Vocabulary Can you talk about Environmental issues in English? With a partner, try to explain the terms in the diagram below. Why are the words divided into two groups

More information

This review covers one particular country in Africa: Tanzania, and consists of three products: Mesh, Terrain and Objects.

This review covers one particular country in Africa: Tanzania, and consists of three products: Mesh, Terrain and Objects. 1 von 5 17/08/2011 11:29 Mutley's Hangar A Haven For Flight Simulation Enthusiasts! Home Reviews Forum Site Map Contact Tanzania Mesh/Terrain/Objects For FSX Published by OpenVFR Reviewed by Tim Arnot

More information

Level Q/40 Geography of Mexico

Level Q/40 Geography of Mexico For Grade 3 8+ students reading at Literacy Level Q/40, including: Struggling Readers Advanced English-Language Learners Level Q/40 Social Studies Skills & Strategies Comprehension strategies Make inferences

More information

The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events 2 How do changes

More information

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Global CC threat CC in the A/P region The Stern Review and IPCC 4 th Assessment Report both state that climate change will have adverse impact on people

More information

Geography Picture Dictionary One

Geography Picture Dictionary One Geography Picture Dictionary One Archipelago A large group of islands Archipelago A large group of islands Archipelago A large group of islands Atoll A ring of coral that encloses a pool of seawater Laysan

More information

Grade 6 Book 3. Map Work

Grade 6 Book 3. Map Work Grade 6 Book 3 Map Work 1 Map Work I am my best work a series of road maps, reports, recipes, doodles, and prayers... Audre Lord Book 3 - Map Work Grade 6 Term 1 (Social Science - Geography) Looking at

More information

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Name: Class: Date: ID: A Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the

More information

Geography of Africa Handouts

Geography of Africa Handouts Geography of Africa Handouts Geography of Africa Questions Using maps from your textbook, atlases, or other sources, answer the following questions about the geography of Africa. Each block will have a

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Puzzling Evidence What evidence suggests that continents move? In the late 1800s, Alfred Wegener proposed his hypothesis of continental drift. According to this hypothesis, the continents once formed a

More information

National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) 2014-2015. Theme

National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) 2014-2015. Theme National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) 2014-2015. Theme COMBATING DESERTIFICATION, LAND DEGRADATION AND DROUGHT Background Note Desertification is about land degradation: the loss of the land s

More information