ECLAC LOGISTICS PROFILE: Mexico

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1 ECLAC LOGISTICS PROFILE: Mexico Last Update: 21/12/2015 INTRODUCTION ECLAC's Logistics Profiles have been developed by the ECLAC Infrastructure Services Unit (ISU) with the aim to provide in a single concise document an overview of the existing transport services in the countries of the region. Some information is also offered - on a case-by-case basis - on the existing regulatory and institutional frameworks, as well as the participation of the countries in the global, regional and bilateral transport agreements. By gathering the information on all modes of transport, the profiles seek to promote a comprehensive vision of transport services (all modes of transport and data on both existing infrastructure and its use), in line with the ECLAC s general recommendation in favour of integrated and sustainable logistics and mobility policies. The profiles also intend to respond to the challenge of finding updated data on the existing transport infrastructure in the region. While some international databases offer basic data on road, rail and other infrastructure, the best but not always available or known sources remain the national statistic and other bulletins published by the transport ministries, national statistics institutes and other national bodies. The ECLAC profiles are largely based on these national sources, whose utility should not be underestimated. This, however, also means that the strength of each profile depends on the information made available by the country. Some international indicators, especially as far as the logistics performance is concerned, are quoted, but, in doing so, ISU encourages the readers to always bear in mind the exact scope, methodology and, therefore, the limitations of each indicator. The latest version of the profiles consists of three main parts: Transport services by mode of transport Modal Split, Road Safety and Logistics Performance Institutional and Regulatory Framework The general foreign trade background is available in the annex of each profile. Depending on the availability of the information, the exact structure of each part of the profile will be different. The profiles are updated continuously both in their content and their format and ISU welcomes and values all comments, questions and suggestions which can be sent to:

2 Transport Services by Mode Maritime Transport National Port System The Port System counts with 102 ports and 15 terminals that work outside the ports. The majority of the ports are operated under concession by 25 Integrity Ports Administrators, whom can be federal, private or public. The General Direction of Ports under the Secretary of Transport and Communications is in charge of the development and modernization of the Mexican ports, by investment policies and strategies in infrastructure and services. Source: ISU/ECLAC Merchant fleet by flag of registration (2014) Number registered: Oil Tankers Bulk Carriers General Cargo Container Ships Others Gross tonnage: 614, ,422 54, ,355 Source: National Port Performance Total cargo movements (all ports) (tons, thous.) Total container movements (all ports) (TEU, thous.) 265, , , , , ,912 3,316 2,884 3,692 4,224 4,878 4,893 5, Source: ISU/ECLAC, Maritime Profile Source: ISU/ECLAC, Maritime Profile 23/12/2015 Page 1

3 Air Transport Infrastructure (2012) International Airports National Airports Public Airports Private Airports Total Airports Source: Anuario Estadistico de Transporte SCT 2012 Air Transport Performance Passengers transported by airports (thousands) National International Total Cargo transported by airports (thous. tons) National International Total 87,270 75,519 77,265 79,971 86,370 93, , Air Transport Performance Forecast (thous. tons, thous. passengers) 596, , ,311 29,449 31,124 32, Cargo Passengers Source: IATA. Real data for 2011, forecast for /12/2015 Page 2

4 Road Transport Infrastructure (2013) Total (km.) Main (km.) Secondary (km.) Local (km.) Paved (km.) % Paved 378,623 49,986 85, , , % Road network distibution (%) (2014) Percentage paved (all roads) (2014) 13% 24% 40% 63% 60% Main Secondary Local Paved Not Paved Main road network (km.) 48,627 48,844 48,972 49,102 49,652 49,986 50,240 23/12/2015 Page 3

5 Road density: all roads (km./100 km2) Road density: all roads (km./1,000 people) Territory: World Bank Road density: main roads (km./100 km2). Population: CELADE Road density: main roads (km./1,000 people) Territory: World Bank. Population: CELADE 23/12/2015 Page 4

6 Fleet (2014) Total Passenger Cars Buses Cargo Trucks Taxis Motorbikes Other 35,890,290 Source: INEGI 25,509, ,439 10,032,607 Road fleet (number of vehicles) Composition of the road fleet (number of vehicules) (2014) 34,731,138 35,890,290 33,153,779 31,829,657 30,350,657 28% 1% 71% Buses Cars Trucks Source: INEGI Source: INEGI Cargo fleet (number of vehicles) 8,941,326 9,182,989 9,304,732 9,623,531 10,032, Source: INEGI 23/12/2015 Page 5

7 Motorization (Passenger Cars/1,000 people) Source: INEGI. CELADE Cargo transported by road (thous. Tons) Passengers transported (thous.) 484, , ,000 National International Total 485, , , ,340 2,655 2,501 2,591 2,677 2,758 2,781 2,837 23/12/2015 Page 6

8 Rail Transport Rail network (km.) 26,704 26,709 26,715 26,727 26,727 26, Rail density (km./100 km2) Rail density (km./1,000 people) Territory: World Bank Population: CELADE 23/12/2015 Page 7

9 Cargo transported by rail (thous. tons) National International Total Passengers transported (thous.) Urban Interurban Total 99,692 90, , , , , ,936 40,398 41,922 43,830 45,288 47,887 28,000 8,915 23/12/2015 Page 8

10 Inland Water Transport Operational waterways (km.) 2, Source: CIA World Factbook Operational waterways density (km./100 km2) Operational waterways density (km./1,000 people) Source: CIA World Factbook. Territory: World Bank 2012 Source: CIA World Factbook. Population: CELADE 23/12/2015 Page 9

11 Transport Infrastructure of Regional dimension International transport and logistics corridors Mode of transport Details Atlantic Corridor Road Project Mesoamerica: Pacific Corridor Road Project Mesoamerica: Ports (Barrios, Santo Tomas) Road, Ports Project Mesoamerica: 23/12/2015 Page 10

12 Modal Split, Road Safety and Logistics Performance Transport sector in national economy Transport Sector share in GDP (%) Share of transport modes in total contribution (2014) 5.73% 5.81% 5.97% 5.78% 6.05% 6.17% 6.11% 1% 4% 12% 3% 80% Source: INEGI Source: INEGI Air Other Rail Road Waterborne 23/12/2015 Page 11

13 Modal Split in Imports Imports (TON, thous.) Imports (USD, thous.) 12,000, ,000,000 10,000,000 8,000,000 6,000,000 4,000,000 2,000, Source: ISU/ECLAC, BTI Truck Rail Other modes Maritime Airborne 400,000, ,000, ,000, ,000, ,000, ,000, ,000,000 50,000, Truck Rail Other modes Maritime Airborne Modal Split in Exports Exports (TON, thous.) Exports (USD, thous.) 4,500, ,000,000 4,000, ,000,000 3,500,000 3,000,000 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 Truck Rail Other modes Maritime Airborne 300,000, ,000, ,000, ,000, ,000,000 Truck Rail Other modes Maritime Airborne 500, Source: ISU/ECLAC, BTI ,000, /12/2015 Page 12

14 Domestic Modal Split TON (Percentage) TON-KM (Percentage) 100% 100% 90% 90% 80% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% Truck Rail Maritime Airborne 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% Truck Rail Maritime Airborne 20% 20% 10% 10% 0% % /12/2015 Page 13

15 Road Safety Performance Fatalities / 100,000 habitants Source: CONAPRA. CELADE 23/12/2015 Page 14

16 Logistics Costs and Performance LPI: Score Card overall LPI score score Customs score Infrastructure score Logistics quality International and competence shipments score score Tracking and tracing score Timeliness score Source: ISU/ECLAC, World Bank DOING BUSINESS: Trading across borders ,050 2,050 1,880 1,780 1,761 1,780 1,472 1,450 1,420 1,450 1,450 1,740 1,472 1,302 Time to export (days) Source: ISU/ECLAC, World Bank Time to import (days) Source: ISU/ECLAC, World Bank Cost to export (US$ per container) Cost to import (US$ per container) Documents to export (number) Documents to import (number) Trading Across Borders Rank Ease of Doing Business Rank 23/12/2015 Page 15

17 Source: ISU/ECLAC, World Bank Documents to export (number) Documents to import (number) Source: ISU/ECLAC, World Bank Trading Across Borders Rank Ease of Doing Business Rank UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (maximum value in 2004 = 100) Source: ISU/ECLAC, UNCTAD 23/12/2015 Page 16

18 Institutional and Regulatory Framework National Regulatory and Normative Framework Yes/No Details Cabotage restrictions Existence of a national infrastructure investment plan Existence of a national port policy Existence of a national Road Safety Plan or targets Existence of a national transport and logistics plan or strategy No Foreign vessels are authorized to provide domestic cabotage services. Mexico s national legislation does not contain any explicit prohibitions or authorizations in this respect. Yes The Presidency itself is in charge of the National Infrastructure plan ( ) with an investment of 7.7 billions of pesos (Mexican national currency) Yes Yes Yes National Maritime Port Policy is administrated by the National Port Direction, each port has its different authority It is included in the National Transport Plan elaborated by the the National Secretary of Transport and Communications The National Secretary of Transport and Communications is the one in charge of developing the National Transport plan Source: Institutional Setting Details Lead agency for the development, coordination and delivery of road safety programmes Main agencies involved in developing national transport and infrastructure policies Mechanisms for ensuring a co-modal approach to transport policy Existence of a national body in charge of overall transport and logistics policy Other The Secretariat of Transport and Communications and the Secretariat of Infrastructure are in charge of the transport and infrastructure policies The Secretariat of Transport and Communications Source: Main Regional Integration Initiatives Proyecto Mesoamerica The Latin American Integration Association (ALADI) Alianza del Pacífico Details alianzapacifico.net Source USI/ECLAC USI/ECLAC USI/ECLAC Participation in the Global Transport Conventions Title Date UNTS Volume Number Source United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships 07/02/1986 United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods 24/05/1980 Convention on a Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 06/04/1974 Convention on Road Traffic 08/11/1968 Convention on Road Signs and Signals 08/11/1968 Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles International Convention to Facilitate the Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising Material 04/06/ /11/1952 Convention on the International Maritime Organization 06/03/ , /12/2015 Page 17

19 Convention on the International Régime of Railways 09/12/ UN Treaty Series, 2015 Bilateral Transport Agreements Title Date Details Agreement with Uruguay 05/07/2002 Agreement with Guatemala 17/03/1997 Agreement with Panama for Air Transport 14/02/1996 Agreement with Panama for Air Transport 01/02/1996 Agreement with Ecuador for Air Transport 01/12/1995 Agreement with Brazil for Air Transport 01/11/1995 Agreement with Dominican Republic for Air Transport 01/08/1994 Agreement with Colombia for Air Transport 01/07/1994 Agreement with Bolivia for Air Transport 01/01/1993 Agreement with Guatemala for Air Transport 25/02/1992 Agreement with Guatemala for Air Transport 01/02/1992 Agreement with Belize for Air Transport 01/09/1991 Agreement with Costa Rica for Air Transport 25/02/1991 Agreement with Costa Rica for Road Transport 25/02/1991 Agreement with Peru for Transport 05/09/1989 Agreement with Peru for Air Transport 01/09/1989 Agreement with Venezuela for Air Transport 11/07/1987 Agreement with Venezuela for Air Transport 01/07/1987 Agreement with Costa Rica for Air Transport 24/05/1985 Agreement with Costa Rica for Air Transport 01/05/1985 Agreement with Colombia for Air Transport 09/01/1975 Agreement with Costa Rica for Air Transport 08/09/1966 Agreement with Canada for Air Transport 01/12/1961 Agreement with Brazil for Air Transport 07/12/1944 Treaty on the recovery and return of stolen and embezzled vehicles and aircrafts or utilized in an illicit manner UN Treaty reference: Para facilitar flujos comerciales a través del servicio de transporte terrestre de carga Source: UN Treaty Series, /12/2015 Page 18

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