Where in the World is Boonville, New York?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Where in the World is Boonville, New York?"

Transcription

1 Name: Date: Period: Where in the World is Boonville, New York? Background Information Virtually all maps have lines of latitude (called parallels) and longitude (called meridians) expressed on them. Together, these sets of lines create an imaginary grid that can be used to locate any point on Earth. The latitudes lines, or parallels, run around a globe from east to west and are measured in degrees. Each degree is divided into 60 parts called minutes. Each minute is divided into 60 seconds of latitude. The parallel that lies at 0º of latitude is the Equator. The rest of the parallels run 90º north of or 90º south of the equator. If you were to cut along the parallels of an orange, you would be cutting disks. For example, Boonville has a latitude of about 43º north, which means, if you headed north from the Equator, you would reach the same latitude as Boonville on you had come to about the 43 rd line of latitude. The meridians of longitude run from north to south on a globe from pole to pole. They are measured in degrees, which in turn are divided into minutes, which in turn are divided into seconds. If you were to cut along the meridians of an orange, you would be cutting wedges. 0º longitude is called the Prime Meridian and is the longitude that runs through Greenwich, England. The rest of the meridians run 180º to the east and 180º to the west of the Prime Meridian. The maximum longitude on Earth is 180º - the International Date Line. For example, Boonville has a longitude of about 75ºwest, which means, if you headed west from Greenwich, you would reach the same longitude as Boonville once you had come to your 75 th line of longitude. In reality, longitude measures time - time from the Prime Meridian. Because the Earth rotates at a rate of 15º/hour (Earth rotates once every 24 hours), every 15º of longitude equals on hour of time. That is why there are 24 time zones on Earth. As you move to the west, every 15º equals one hour earlier in the day. As you move to the east, every 15º equals one hour later in the day.

2 Information on latitude and longitude is typically written something like this (these are Boonville, NY coordinates): 43º 28 N, 75º 21 W. The latitude comes first (43º 28 N), then the longitude comes second (75º 21 W). Part A Using the background information, your earth Science Reference Tables, your notes, and any other sources, complete the following sentences. It is possible to use one word or phrase more than once. 1. The lines running east-west represent degrees of. They are measured from the equator in a and direction. These lines are also known as. 2. The lines running north-south represent degrees of. They are measured from the prime Meridian in an and direction. These lines are also known as. 3. The geographic grid used on the globe is based on the division of a circle in degrees. Each degree is divided into equal parts called minutes, and each minute into equal parts called. 4. Latitude is numbered from degrees at the Equator to degrees at either pole. 5. Longitude is numbered from degrees at the Prime Meridian to degrees at the International Date Line. 6. Longitude measure from the Prime Meridian. Earth rotates at a rate of, so when moving to the east, it will be in the day and moving to the west will be in the day.

3 Part B Use the grid below to answer the following questions. 1. Label the Equator and Prime Meridian. 2. What are the coordinates of point A? 3. Locate the same coordinates on a globe. In what country is point A located? 4. What are the coordinates of point B? 5. Locate the same coordinates on a globe. In what country is point B located? 6. Locate a point at 10ºS and 45º W. Label it C. 7. Locate a point at 20º N and 75º E. Label it D. 8. Mark the location of Boonville, NY on the grid and label it Boonville (see background reading for coordinates). 9. If it is 12 noon at point A, what time is it at point B?

4 Part C Determine the latitude and longitude for the following cities using your Earth Science Reference Tables (be sure to use the correct notation - latitude first, then longitude, and they must have a compass direction! Round all values to the nearest minute!): Jamestown (EXAMPLE) Elmira Ithaca Mt. Marcy 42º 8 N, 79º 15 W Kingston Old Forge Massena Watertown Determine which city is located at the following coordinates: 43º 24 N, 76º 30 W Oswego 43º 06 N, 79º 01 W (EXAMPLE) 42º 48 N, 78º 48 W 44º 39 N, 73º 18 W 1. Using a ruler, measure and record how many centimeters are between Jamestown and Elmira. 2. Using the scale on the right hand side of the map and the value you calculated from above, what is the real distance between the two cities? 3. What large city s latitude is similar to that of Syracuse? 4. What is this city s latitude and longitude?

5 Reading Comprehension Read the portion of the article on Latitude and Longitude below and answer the following questions based on the reading. Use complete sentences Latitude and Longitude By Ted Andros Since earliest times, astronomers and mapmakers have used the equator to divide the world into northern and southern hemispheres. The starting point for longitude, however, has varied many times over the ages. It has been located in Egypt, Greece, Spain, France, and other places, depending on which country was preeminent at the time in the study of location by celestial observation. In 1884, the international community adopted Greenwich as the mean in order to standardize world mapmaking. The use of grid lines (latitude and longitude) was first suggested by the Greek astronomer Hipparcus about 300 years before Christ. Shortly after, Hipparcus devised the method of fixing the location of places on earth by observation of the celestial bodies--the sun, moon and stars. He worked out the mathematics of spherical trigonometry, which allowed the results of these observations to be plotted on an earth that he perceived to be a sphere. Some 75 years later (around 225 B.C.) Eratosthenes, another Greek mathematician and astronomer, measured the circumference of the earth (accurate to within 300 miles) raising the art of mapmaking to new standards of accuracy. From that point on, the Greeks could find latitude quite easily. They knew the position of the sun north or south of the equator. By using spherical trigonometry they could measure the sun s angle at noon relative to the equator. Noon was easy to determine since it occurred when the sun was at its highest point in the heavens. Longitude, however, was not so easy. The distance from one place to another on the earth in an east-west direction could be plotted from the position of the stars and sun, but only if the time difference between the two places was known. The measurement of longitude was to remain inexact until the invention of the telescope and the accurate clock, almost two thousand years later. 1. What was observed to create a grid line system on Earth? 2. Why was the Sun measured at noon to find the distance from the equator? 3. What does longitude measure and why is it harder to measure?

6 Extension Activity - Battleship: the Game!!!! So now that you understand that every point on Earth s surface has a specific latitude and longitude that describes its position (each consisting of a number in degrees and importantly a direction), there are some very practical uses for knowing where something is on Earth s surface. Take for example warfare; knowing where an enemy is located is vital to win a battle and for one s own survival. In such a situation, knowing the latitude and longitude in degrees isn t quite accurate enough. One degree on Earth s surface covers about 69 miles (111 kilometers). To be able to pinpoint where the enemy may be, a smaller scale must be used. It was mentioned in the introduction of this lab that every degree of latitude or longitude can be divided into smaller parts: each degree is divided into 60 minutes ( ). One minute covers about 1,850 meters. Knowing where an enemy is at this scale may still not be accurate enough, so each minute of latitude and longitude can be further divided into 60 seconds ( ). One second equals approximately 30 meters - plenty accurate when blowing your enemy up to smithereens (not that I m promoting it). To help illustrate the point, you can play the classic game Battleship. Directions for play are on the back of this sheet. But first, let s take a look at the latitude/longitude grid for the game: The proper format for writing latitude and longitude is as follows: Degrees (º) Minutes ( ) Seconds ( ) The grid covers an area approximately 360,000 square meters in area (600m x 600m) The latitude and longitude scales are in seconds Using this information, and before you play the game, see if you can answer the following questions: 1. Looking at the grid for the game, is the battlefield in the northern or southern hemisphere? Explain how you can tell. 2. Looking at the grid for the game, is the battlefield in the eastern or western hemisphere? Explain how you can tell. 3. Using a globe, locate the latitude and longitude of the battlefield area. What geologic feature is this area located near? 4. Considering the location of this area, who (country) is the enemy you are fighting?

7

World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography

World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography Name World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography Term Identification Directions: Pick a word from the box that best completes the sentences below. distortion longitude Equator geography

More information

Section 3 Mapping Earth s Surface

Section 3 Mapping Earth s Surface Section 3 Mapping Earth s Surface Key Concept Maps are tools that are used to display data about a given area of a physical body. What You Will Learn Maps can be used to find locations on Earth and to

More information

The Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

The Globe Latitudes and Longitudes INDIAN SCHOOL MUSCAT MIDDLE SECTION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE The Globe Latitudes and Longitudes NAME: CLASS VI SEC: ROLL NO: DATE:.04.2015 I NAME THE FOLLOWING: 1. A small spherical model of the Earth:

More information

Solar Angles and Latitude

Solar Angles and Latitude Solar Angles and Latitude Objectives The student will understand that the sun is not directly overhead at noon in most latitudes. The student will research and discover the latitude ir classroom and calculate

More information

lat/long/size&shape of Earth 1. Which statement provides the best evidence that Earth has a nearly spherical shape?

lat/long/size&shape of Earth 1. Which statement provides the best evidence that Earth has a nearly spherical shape? Name: Tuesday, September 23, 2008 lat/long/size&shape of Earth 1. Which statement provides the best evidence that Earth has a nearly spherical shape? 1. The Sun has a spherical shape. 3. Star trails photographed

More information

Geographic Grid. Locations Feature 1 Feature 2 Feature 3

Geographic Grid. Locations Feature 1 Feature 2 Feature 3 Geographic Grid Name The geographic grid refers to the internationally-recognized system of latitude and longitude used to location positions on Earth's surface. Accurate use of this coordinate system

More information

Celestial Observations

Celestial Observations Celestial Observations Earth experiences two basic motions: Rotation West-to-East spinning of Earth on its axis (v rot = 1770 km/hr) (v rot Revolution orbit of Earth around the Sun (v orb = 108,000 km/hr)

More information

Coordinate Systems. Orbits and Rotation

Coordinate Systems. Orbits and Rotation Coordinate Systems Orbits and Rotation Earth orbit. The earth s orbit around the sun is nearly circular but not quite. It s actually an ellipse whose average distance from the sun is one AU (150 million

More information

Measuring the Earth Using a GPS M. Scott Wilkerson & M. Beth Wilkerson, DePauw University, May 10, 2007

Measuring the Earth Using a GPS M. Scott Wilkerson & M. Beth Wilkerson, DePauw University, May 10, 2007 Measuring the Earth Using a GPS M. Scott Wilkerson & M. Beth Wilkerson, DePauw University, May 10, 2007 Modified from: Kerski, J.J., 2007, Measuring the Earth s Circumference with GPS, Copyright ESRI,

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Discovering stars. LAB: Analyzing the geometric pattern of constellations. POST: Exploring

More information

GIS for Educators. Coordinate Reference System. Understanding of Coordinate Reference Systems.

GIS for Educators. Coordinate Reference System. Understanding of Coordinate Reference Systems. GIS for Educators Topic 7: Coordinate Reference Systems Objectives: Understanding of Coordinate Reference Systems. Keywords: Coordinate Reference System (CRS), Map Projection, On the Fly Projection, Latitude,

More information

OBJECTIVES. Identify the means by which latitude and longitude were created and the science upon which they are based.

OBJECTIVES. Identify the means by which latitude and longitude were created and the science upon which they are based. Name: Key OBJECTIVES Correctly define: isolines, gradient, topographic map, contour interval, hachured lines, profile, latitude, longitude, hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, elevation, model EARTH

More information

Registered map layers

Registered map layers Registered map layers Coordinate map systems Coordinate map systems 1. The Earth's Graticule Latitude and Longitude The graticule is the imaginary grid of lines running east-west lines of latitude (parallels)

More information

Latitude and Longitudes in Geodesy James R. Clynch February 2006

Latitude and Longitudes in Geodesy James R. Clynch February 2006 Latitude and Longitudes in Geodesy James R. Clynch February 2006 I. Latitude and Longitude on Spherical Earth Latitude and longitude are the grid lines you see on globes. For a spherical earth these are

More information

Lines on Maps and Globes. Cross Curricular Writing Activity Social Studies Grade 4

Lines on Maps and Globes. Cross Curricular Writing Activity Social Studies Grade 4 Lines on Maps and Globes Cross Curricular Writing Activity Social Studies Grade 4 Fourth Grade Social Studies Standard Map: Chart/Globe The learner will be able to use maps, charts, graphs, and globes

More information

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 11: Projected Coordinate Systems

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 11: Projected Coordinate Systems UTM Coordinate System GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 11: Projected Coordinate Systems Why do we need the UTM coordinate system? - in a rectangular (Cartesian) coordinate system, with linear x and

More information

Lines of Latitude and Longitude

Lines of Latitude and Longitude ED 5661 Mathematics & Navigation Teacher Institute Keith Johnson Lesson Plan Lines of Latitude and Longitude Lesson Overview: This lesson plan will introduce students to latitude and longitude along with

More information

Grade 6 Book 3. Map Work

Grade 6 Book 3. Map Work Grade 6 Book 3 Map Work 1 Map Work I am my best work a series of road maps, reports, recipes, doodles, and prayers... Audre Lord Book 3 - Map Work Grade 6 Term 1 (Social Science - Geography) Looking at

More information

The Earth Really is Flat! The Globe and Coordinate Systems. Long History of Mapping. The Earth is Flat. Long History of Mapping

The Earth Really is Flat! The Globe and Coordinate Systems. Long History of Mapping. The Earth is Flat. Long History of Mapping The Earth Really is Flat! The Globe and Coordinate Systems Intro to Mapping & GIS The Earth is Flat Day to day, we live life in a flat world sun rises in east, sets in west sky is above, ground is below

More information

Earth In Space Chapter 3

Earth In Space Chapter 3 Earth In Space Chapter 3 Shape of the Earth Ancient Greeks Earth casts a circular shadow on the moon during a lunar eclipse Shape of the Earth Ancient Greeks Ships were observed to disappear below the

More information

Maps and Globes. By Kennedy s Korner

Maps and Globes. By Kennedy s Korner Maps and Globes By Kennedy s Korner Table of Contents Words to Know What are Maps and Globes Map Key or Symbols Cardinal Directions Intermediate Directions Equator Prime Meridian Hemispheres Coordinate

More information

compass Encyclopedic Entry

compass Encyclopedic Entry This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Encyclopedic Entry compass For

More information

Projections. Shape (angles) Distance Direction Area. Only a sphere can retain all four properties

Projections. Shape (angles) Distance Direction Area. Only a sphere can retain all four properties Projections Projections Map projections are attempts to portray the surface of the earth (or a portion of the earth) on a flat surface. Four spatial relationships (or properties) between locations can

More information

The Celestial Sphere. Questions for Today. The Celestial Sphere 1/18/10

The Celestial Sphere. Questions for Today. The Celestial Sphere 1/18/10 Lecture 3: Constellations and the Distances to the Stars Astro 2010 Prof. Tom Megeath Questions for Today How do the stars move in the sky? What causes the phases of the moon? What causes the seasons?

More information

Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale

Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale Lectures 4 Sept 14, 2006 Why we need it? Earth Shape Models Flat earth models are still used for plane surveying, over distances short

More information

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 STD V WORKSHEET Page 1 of 7 SOCIAL STUDIES LESSON - 1. KNOW YOUR PLANET Fill in the blanks: 1. A book containing maps is called an. 2. A Flemish map maker,

More information

OBJECT: To become familiar with some of the motions of the stars, Sun, Moon and planets as seen from the surface of the Earth.

OBJECT: To become familiar with some of the motions of the stars, Sun, Moon and planets as seen from the surface of the Earth. INSIDE LAB 2: Celestial Motions OBJECT: To become familiar with some of the motions of the stars, Sun, Moon and planets as seen from the surface of the Earth. DISCUSSION: As seen from a point of view centered

More information

6. The greatest atmospheric pressure occurs in the 1) troposphere 3) mesosphere 2) stratosphere 4) thermosphere

6. The greatest atmospheric pressure occurs in the 1) troposphere 3) mesosphere 2) stratosphere 4) thermosphere 1. The best evidence of the Earth's nearly spherical shape is obtained through telescopic observations of other planets photographs of the Earth from an orbiting satellite observations of the Sun's altitude

More information

Pre and post-visit activities - Navigating by the stars

Pre and post-visit activities - Navigating by the stars Pre and post-visit activities - Navigating by the stars Vocabulary List Adult Education at Scienceworks Pre-visit Activity 1: What is longitude and latitude? Activity 2: Using the Southern Cross to find

More information

Geography I Pre Test #1

Geography I Pre Test #1 Geography I Pre Test #1 1. The sun is a star in the galaxy. a) Orion b) Milky Way c) Proxima Centauri d) Alpha Centauri e) Betelgeuse 2. The response to earth's rotation is a) an equatorial bulge b) polar

More information

It is a little challenging suppose you are to describe a point on the surface of a basketball.

It is a little challenging suppose you are to describe a point on the surface of a basketball. Coordinate Systems 1. Geographic coordinate system To locate a point on a piece of white paper, we usually use the distances of the point to the left/right edge (x) and top/bottom edge (y). Therefore the

More information

Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems.

Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems. Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems. A GIS without coordinates would simply be a database like Microsoft Excel

More information

Basic Coordinates & Seasons Student Guide

Basic Coordinates & Seasons Student Guide Name: Basic Coordinates & Seasons Student Guide There are three main sections to this module: terrestrial coordinates, celestial equatorial coordinates, and understanding how the ecliptic is related to

More information

SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS

SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS We will begin today with the first of two classes on aspects of cartography. Cartography is both an art and a science, but we will focus on the scientific aspects. Geographical

More information

The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading:

The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading: Seasons Vocabulary: The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading: sphere any round object that has a surface that is the same distance from its center

More information

Navigation: Latitude and Longitude

Navigation: Latitude and Longitude Sextants and Chronometers Help Sailors Find Their Position at Sea Latitude lines run horizontally across the globe and are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. Sailors used a sextant

More information

Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems

Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems Geodetic Control Network Horizontal Control Network Datum A datum is a set of parameters defining a coordinate system, and a set of control points whose

More information

Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station

Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station AUTUMN 1 Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station Where on Earth? Our world from the International Space Station This chapter continues to explore the world at global, national and

More information

Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 2

Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 2 Lecture 2 Theory of the Tropics Earth & Solar Geometry, Celestial Mechanics The geometrical relationship between the earth and sun is responsible for the earth s climates. The two principal movements of

More information

Stellarium a valuable resource for teaching astronomy in the classroom and beyond

Stellarium a valuable resource for teaching astronomy in the classroom and beyond Stellarium 1 Stellarium a valuable resource for teaching astronomy in the classroom and beyond Stephen Hughes Department of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Gardens

More information

CELESTIAL CLOCK - THE SUN, THE MOON, AND THE STARS

CELESTIAL CLOCK - THE SUN, THE MOON, AND THE STARS INTRODUCTION CELESTIAL CLOCK - THE SUN, THE MOON, AND THE STARS This is a scientific presentation to provide you with knowledge you can use to understand the sky above in relation to the earth. Before

More information

Plotting Earthquake Epicenters an activity for seismic discovery

Plotting Earthquake Epicenters an activity for seismic discovery Plotting Earthquake Epicenters an activity for seismic discovery Tammy K Bravo Anne M Ortiz Plotting Activity adapted from: Larry Braile and Sheryl Braile Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Purdue

More information

Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems

Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems How do we model the earth? Datums Datums mathematically describe the surface of the Earth. Accounts for mean sea level, topography, and gravity models. Projections

More information

9. What name have geographers given to the movement of the continents over millions of years?

9. What name have geographers given to the movement of the continents over millions of years? Name BASICS OF GEOGRAPHY: Water and Landforms Viewer's Guide DIRECTIONS: Review the following questions before watching the video, and be prepared to discuss the answers with the class after the video

More information

THE STARRY SKY AST MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

THE STARRY SKY AST MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE NAME: DATE: INTRODUCTION This lab exercise introduces the arrangement and motions of the stars, constellations, and other objects of the night sky. LEARNING GOALS Describe the motions of stars during a

More information

Which month has larger and smaller day time?

Which month has larger and smaller day time? ACTIVITY-1 Which month has larger and smaller day time? Problem: Which month has larger and smaller day time? Aim: Finding out which month has larger and smaller duration of day in the Year 2006. Format

More information

Topographic Maps Practice Questions and Answers Revised October 2007

Topographic Maps Practice Questions and Answers Revised October 2007 Topographic Maps Practice Questions and Answers Revised October 2007 1. In the illustration shown below what navigational features are represented by A, B, and C? Note that A is a critical city in defining

More information

Worksheet Motion of the Sun and Moon

Worksheet Motion of the Sun and Moon Worksheet Motion of the Sun and Moon Apparent Motion of the Sun 1. The Earth makes one complete orbit around the Sun in one year. From the point of view of someone on the Earth this makes the Sun appear

More information

Newton s Law of Gravity

Newton s Law of Gravity Gravitational Potential Energy On Earth, depends on: object s mass (m) strength of gravity (g) distance object could potentially fall Gravitational Potential Energy In space, an object or gas cloud has

More information

An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa

An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa Centuries ago people believed that the earth was flat and notwithstanding that if this had been true it would have produced serious problems for mariners

More information

Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions

Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions Chapter 2 Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions 2.1 Purpose The main goal of this lab is for you to gain an understanding of how the sky changes during the night and over the course of a year. We will

More information

Structural Geology. Practical 1. Introduction to Stereographic Projection

Structural Geology. Practical 1. Introduction to Stereographic Projection Structural Geology Practical 1 Introduction to Stereographic Projection Lecture Practical Course Homepage Contact Staff 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 71 8 9 10 STEREONETS 1 INTRODUCTION TO STEREOGRAPHIC

More information

FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Describing the Universe. LAB: Comparing and contrasting bodies that reflect light. POST: Exploring

More information

Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems

Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems You will always find parallels and meridians on largescale maps This is done to make the map a very close approximation to the size and shape of the piece of

More information

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 09: Map Projections

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 09: Map Projections GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 09: Map Projections Earth Ellipsoid and Horizontal Datums (cont d) Components of a Geographic Coordinate System Recognize that there are three components to a geographic

More information

A Latitude/Longitude Puzzle

A Latitude/Longitude Puzzle This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Activitydevelop A Latitude/Longitude

More information

Unit One Study Guide

Unit One Study Guide Unit One Study Guide Terms BCE: Before the Common Era. Referring to the time before Christ s birth. CE: Common Era. Referring to the time after Christ s birth. BC: Before Christ. Referring to the time

More information

Map Coordinates, GIS, and GPS for Enhanced 9-1-1

Map Coordinates, GIS, and GPS for Enhanced 9-1-1 Map Coordinates, GIS, and GPS for Enhanced 9-1-1 Keith W. Cunningham, Ph.D. 14 East Eighth Street Lawrence, KS 66044 800/238-1911 Maps and coordinates are used to describe features and their locations

More information

Sun Earth Relationships

Sun Earth Relationships 1 ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology Sun Earth Relationships Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. Spring (sun aims directly at equator) Winter (northern hemisphere tilts away from sun) 23.5 2 Solar radiation

More information

Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy

Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy There is a theory which states that if ever anybody discovers exactly what the Universe is for and why it is here, it will instantly disappear and be replaced by something even more bizarre and inexplicable.

More information

Geographic Coordinates

Geographic Coordinates Geographic Coordinates At A Glance Established Goals Robotics/GPS/GIS Skill: Obtain geographic coordinates from a given positioning device. Life Skills: Performing as a Team Member; Organizing Information

More information

3.1 Latitude and Longitude

3.1 Latitude and Longitude Map Skills Name: 3.1 Latitude and Longitude Date: 3.1 History: Latitude and longitude are part of a grid system that describes the location of any place on Earth. When formalized in the mid-18th century,

More information

Lecture 4. Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS

Lecture 4. Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS Lecture 4 Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS GIS in Water Resources Spring 2015 Geodesy, Map Projections and Coordinate Systems Geodesy - the shape of the earth and definition of earth datums Map

More information

Activity 10 - Universal Time

Activity 10 - Universal Time Activity 10 - Universal Time Teacher s Guide Scientists use the Universal Time reference to talk about data that is taken around the globe. Universal Time is the time kept in the time zone centered on

More information

An Introduction to GIS using ArcGIS Spring Lab Workshop 5 March S.P.Harish PhD Candidate Department of Politics New York University

An Introduction to GIS using ArcGIS Spring Lab Workshop 5 March S.P.Harish PhD Candidate Department of Politics New York University An Introduction to GIS using ArcGIS Spring Lab Workshop 5 March 2013 S.P.Harish PhD Candidate Department of Politics New York University Agenda What is GIS? Basic GIS Concepts Introduction to ArcGIS Coordinates

More information

How do you find a place on a globe & How do you look up a place based on latitude and longitude?

How do you find a place on a globe & How do you look up a place based on latitude and longitude? Why are globes tilted? Most Replogle globes are made to tilt at an angle of 23.5º to match the actual tilt of the earth in relationship to our sun. Incidentally, it is this tilting of the earth relative

More information

Table of Contents. Table of Contents. Daily Skill Builders: World Geography

Table of Contents. Table of Contents. Daily Skill Builders: World Geography Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction to the Teacher... iv Correlation to Geography for Life National Geography Standards... 1 Map Skills and World Overview 1. Types of Maps... 3 2. Parts of

More information

Measuring Your Latitude from the Angle of the Sun at Noon

Measuring Your Latitude from the Angle of the Sun at Noon Measuring Your Latitude from the Angle of the Sun at Noon Background: You can measure your latitude in earth's northern hemisphere by finding out the altitude of the celestial equator from the southern

More information

World Map Lesson 4 - The Global Grid System - Grade 6+

World Map Lesson 4 - The Global Grid System - Grade 6+ World Map Lesson 4 - The Global Grid System - Grade 6+ Activity Goal To use the global grid system of latitude and longitude to find specific locations on a world map. Materials Needed: A pencil, a ruler,

More information

Aphelion The point in the orbit of a planet or other celestial body where it is furthest from the Sun.

Aphelion The point in the orbit of a planet or other celestial body where it is furthest from the Sun. SKYTRACK Glossary of Terms Angular distance The angular separation between two objects in the sky as perceived by an observer, measured in angles. The angular separation between two celestial objects in

More information

CELESTIAL MOTIONS. In Charlottesville we see Polaris 38 0 above the Northern horizon. Earth. Starry Vault

CELESTIAL MOTIONS. In Charlottesville we see Polaris 38 0 above the Northern horizon. Earth. Starry Vault CELESTIAL MOTIONS Stars appear to move counterclockwise on the surface of a huge sphere the Starry Vault, in their daily motions about Earth Polaris remains stationary. In Charlottesville we see Polaris

More information

1.2 Chord Tables of Hipparchus and Ptolemy (Copyright: Bryan Dorner all rights reserved)

1.2 Chord Tables of Hipparchus and Ptolemy (Copyright: Bryan Dorner all rights reserved) 1.2 Chord Tables of Hipparchus and Ptolemy (Copyright: Bryan Dorner all rights reserved) Hipparchus: The birth of trigonometry occurred in the chord tables of Hipparchus (c 190-120 BCE) who was born shortly

More information

A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Earth Cylinder

A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Earth Cylinder A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Earth Cylinder Including: A Look at the Earth Cylinder by Joyce Kloncz Where on Earth am I??? by Gerald L. Mallon, Ed.D. Latitude and Longitude by Gerald L. Mallon,

More information

AST101: Our Corner of the Universe Lab 2: The Sun and Phases of The Moon

AST101: Our Corner of the Universe Lab 2: The Sun and Phases of The Moon AST101: Our Corner of the Universe Lab 2: The Sun and Phases of The Moon Name: NetID (your SU email address, without the @syr.edu): Lab section number: 1 Introduction Objectives The first part of this

More information

Measuring the Diameter of the Sun

Measuring the Diameter of the Sun Chapter 24 Studying the Sun Investigation 24 Measuring the Diameter of the Sun Introduction The sun is approximately 150,000,000 km from Earth. To understand how far away this is, consider the fact that

More information

4 The Rhumb Line and the Great Circle in Navigation

4 The Rhumb Line and the Great Circle in Navigation 4 The Rhumb Line and the Great Circle in Navigation 4.1 Details on Great Circles In fig. GN 4.1 two Great Circle/Rhumb Line cases are shown, one in each hemisphere. In each case the shorter distance between

More information

How do you find a place on a globe? How do you look up a place based on latitude and longitude?

How do you find a place on a globe? How do you look up a place based on latitude and longitude? Why are globes tilted? Most Replogle globes are made to tilt at an angle of 23.5º to match the actual tilt of the earth in relationship to our sun. Incidentally, it is this tilting of the earth relative

More information

Map Projections & Coordinates. M. Helper 09-01-15 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 1

Map Projections & Coordinates. M. Helper 09-01-15 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 1 Map Projections & Coordinates 09-01-15 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 1 Laying the earth flat Why? Need convenient means of measuring and comparing distances, directions, areas, shapes. Traditional surveying

More information

GIS s s Roots in Cartography

GIS s s Roots in Cartography Following up on the last lecture GIS s s Roots in Cartography Getting Started With GIS Chapter 2 Information ordering: Lists and indexes Organizing data and information Information can be organized as

More information

Cycles in the Sky. Teacher Guide: Cycles in the Sky Page 1 of 8 2008 Discovery Communications, LLC

Cycles in the Sky. Teacher Guide: Cycles in the Sky Page 1 of 8 2008 Discovery Communications, LLC Cycles in the Sky What is a Fun damental? Each Fun damental is designed to introduce your younger students to some of the basic ideas about one particular area of science. The activities in the Fun damental

More information

Activity 1 Reading Universal Time Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml

Activity 1 Reading Universal Time Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml Activity 1 Reading Universal Time Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml National Science Education Standards: As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop

More information

Use WITH Investigation 4, Part 2, Step 2

Use WITH Investigation 4, Part 2, Step 2 INVESTIGATION 4 : The Sundial Project Use WITH Investigation 4, Part 2, Step 2 EALR 4: Earth and Space Science Big Idea: Earth in Space (ES1) Projects: Tether Ball Pole Sundial Globe and a Light Indoors

More information

Volume of Spheres. A geometric plane passing through the center of a sphere divides it into. into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

Volume of Spheres. A geometric plane passing through the center of a sphere divides it into. into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Page 1 of 7 9.6 Surface Area and Volume of Spheres Goal Find surface areas and volumes of spheres. Key Words sphere hemisphere A globe is an example of a sphere. A sphere is the set of all points in space

More information

MEASURING THE SOLAR SYSTEM

MEASURING THE SOLAR SYSTEM MEASURING THE SOLAR SYSTEM Eratosthenes, Aristarchus The century after Euclid Two remarkable astronomers, Eratosthenes and Aristarchus, accomplished what seemed impossible in the ancient world, they measured

More information

Plain Local 5 th Grade Map Skills Test

Plain Local 5 th Grade Map Skills Test Plain Local 5 th Grade Map Skills Test 1. A map scale shows: a. The relationship between actual distance and distance shown on a map b. Meaning of symbols on a map c. Elevation of an area d. The four Cardinal

More information

The Seasons on a Planet like Earth

The Seasons on a Planet like Earth The Seasons on a Planet like Earth As the Earth travels around the Sun, it moves in a giant circle 300 million kilometers across. (Well, it is actually a giant ellipse but the shape is so close to that

More information

Geographic Coordinates. Measurement: Just use GPS. Geographic Coordinates 1/17/2013

Geographic Coordinates. Measurement: Just use GPS. Geographic Coordinates 1/17/2013 Geographic Coordinates Analytical and Computer Cartography Lecture 3: Review: Coordinate Systems Geographic Coordinates Geographic coordinates are the earth's latitude and longitude system, ranging from

More information

Earth-Sun Relationships. The Reasons for the Seasons

Earth-Sun Relationships. The Reasons for the Seasons Earth-Sun Relationships The Reasons for the Seasons Solar Radiation The earth intercepts less than one two-billionth of the energy given off by the sun. However, the radiation is sufficient to provide

More information

Stage 4. Geography. Blackline Masters. By Karen Devine

Stage 4. Geography. Blackline Masters. By Karen Devine 1 Devine Educational Consultancy Services Stage 4 Geography Blackline Masters By Karen Devine Updated January 2010 2 This book is intended for the exclusive use in NSW Secondary Schools. It is meant to

More information

Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott?

Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott? Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott? In your notebooks, write RELATIONSHIPS between variables we tested CAUSE FIRST EFFECT SECOND EVIDENCE As you increase the time

More information

Seasons on Earth LESSON

Seasons on Earth LESSON LESSON 4 Seasons on Earth On Earth, orange and red autumn leaves stand out against the blue sky. NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA) PHOTO LIBRARY/NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY INTRODUCTION Nearly

More information

Periods of Western Astronomy. Chapter 1. Prehistoric Astronomy. Prehistoric Astronomy. The Celestial Sphere. Stonehenge. History of Astronomy

Periods of Western Astronomy. Chapter 1. Prehistoric Astronomy. Prehistoric Astronomy. The Celestial Sphere. Stonehenge. History of Astronomy Periods of Western Astronomy Chapter 1 History of Astronomy Western astronomy divides into 4 periods Prehistoric (before 500 B.C.) Cyclical motions of Sun, Moon and stars observed Keeping time and determining

More information

The Size & Shape of the Galaxy

The Size & Shape of the Galaxy name The Size & Shape of the Galaxy The whole lab consists of plotting two graphs. What s the catch? Aha visualizing and understanding what you have plotted of course! Form the Earth Science Picture of

More information

Geographic Datums & Coordinates

Geographic Datums & Coordinates Geographic Datums & Coordinates What is the shape of the earth? Why is it relevant for GIS? 9-04-2012 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 2-1 From Conceptual to Pragmatic Dividing a sphere into a stack of pancakes

More information

Geohazards and Me: What geologic hazards exist near me? Which plate boundary is closest to me?

Geohazards and Me: What geologic hazards exist near me? Which plate boundary is closest to me? 1 Geohazards and Me: What geologic hazards exist near me? Which plate boundary is closest to me? Movement of the Earth s plates creates great forces that push and reshape the rock in the crust. Sometimes

More information

Announcements. Due Monday, 11:59pm, Sept 9th. Can submit answers (and see score) more than once: persistence pays off!

Announcements. Due Monday, 11:59pm, Sept 9th. Can submit answers (and see score) more than once: persistence pays off! Announcements Homework 1 posted on Compass Due Monday, 11:59pm, Sept 9th. Can submit answers (and see score) more than once: persistence pays off! Register those iclickers! link on course site Venus/Saturn

More information

Lecture 2. Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University

Lecture 2. Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University Lecture 2 Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University Map Projections Map projections are mathematical formulas

More information

Geography. Latitude/Longitude Activity. SeaWorld/Busch Gardens. 4-8 Classroom Activities. July 2003

Geography. Latitude/Longitude Activity. SeaWorld/Busch Gardens. 4-8 Classroom Activities. July 2003 July 2003 Latitude/Longitude Activity SeaWorld/Busch Gardens Geography 4-8 Classroom Activities OBJECTIVE The student will identity various animals native geographic locations. The student will determine

More information

UTM: Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System

UTM: Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System Practical Cartographer s Reference #01 UTM: Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System 180 174w 168w 162w 156w 150w 144w 138w 132w 126w 120w 114w 108w 102w 96w 90w 84w 78w 72w 66w 60w 54w 48w 42w

More information

Plotting a Course Through History A Navigation History Timeline

Plotting a Course Through History A Navigation History Timeline Mariners know how to navigate from here to there and back again. But we seldom stop to wonder who figured out how to determine position in the middle of an ocean, who developed the concept of latitude

More information