# Paper Reference(s) 5PH1H/01 Edexcel GCSE

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1 Paper Reference(s) 5PH1H/01 Edexcel GCSE Physics/Science Unit P1: Universal Physics Higher Tier Thursday 24 May 2012 Morning Time: 1 hour plus your additional time allowance INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Write your centre number, candidate number, surname, initials and your signature in the boxes below. Check that you have the correct question paper. Centre No. Candidate No. Surname Initial(s) Signature Paper Reference 5 P H 1 H 0 1 Q40242A

2 2 Use BLACK ink or ball-point pen. Answer ALL questions. Answer the questions in the spaces provided there may be more space than you need. MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR EXAMINATION Calculator, ruler ITEMS INCLUDED WITH QUESTION PAPERS Nil INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES The total mark for this paper is 60. The marks for each question are shown in brackets use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question. Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written communication will be assessed you should take particular care with your spelling, punctuation and grammar, as well as the clarity of expression, on these questions. ADVICE TO CANDIDATES Read each question carefully before you start to answer it. Keep an eye on the time. Try to answer every question. Check your answers if you have time at the end.

3 3 FORMULAE You may find the following formulae useful wave speed = frequency wavelength v = f λ wave speed = distance time v = x t electrical power = current potential difference P = I V cost of electricity = power time cost of 1 kilowatt-hour power = energy used time taken P = E t efficiency = (useful energy transferred by the device) (total energy supplied to the device) 100% primary voltage secondary voltage = number of turns on primary coil number of turns on secondary coil V V p s = N N p s

4 4 Answer ALL questions. Some questions must be answered with a cross in a box. If you change your mind about an answer, put a line through the box and then mark your new answer with a cross. Refracting telescope 1 The diagram shows a simple telescope which can be made in the laboratory. eyepiece lens objective lens metre rule

5 5 (a) Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( the box next to your answer. ) in The type of lens used as the objective lens is (1 mark) A concave B converging C diverging D reflecting

6 6 (b) The objective lens produces an image of a distant object. (i) Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer. The image produced by the objective lens is (1 mark) A B C D the right way up and smaller the right way up and bigger upside down and smaller upside down and bigger

7 7 (ii) Describe how the position of this image can be shown. (2 marks) (c) State the purpose of the eyepiece. (1 mark)

8 8 (d) The telescope is used to look at the planet Venus. Assume that the distance from Venus to the Earth is km. The speed of light is m/s. Calculate the time it takes for light to travel from Venus to the Earth. (3 marks) time = s (Total 8 marks) Q1 (Questions continue on next page)

9 9 Lamps 2 This lamp has a wire filament that glows white hot when it is in use. wire filament (a) A 100 W filament lamp is 15% efficient. (i) Explain the meaning of the term 15% efficient. (2 marks)

10 10 (ii) Draw a labelled energy flow diagram to show what happens to 100 J of electrical energy supplied to the lamp. (2 marks)

11 11 (b) Many people choose to buy expensive low-energy lamps instead of cheaper filament lamps. Give two reasons for this. (2 marks)

12 12 (c) When a filament lamp is in use, the temperature of the wire filament remains at 2500 C. Explain why this temperature remains constant. (3 marks) (Total 9 marks) Q2 (Questions continue on next page)

13 13 Elephants and infrasound 3 (a) Sound travels through the air as longitudinal waves. Describe how the air particles move when a sound wave passes. (2 marks)

14 14 (b) Elephants call to each other using infrasound. People cannot hear these infrasound calls. Which of the following statements is the reason that people cannot hear infrasound? Put a cross ( (1 mark) ) in the box next to your answer. A B C D the amplitude of infrasound is too big the frequency of infrasound is too low the speed of infrasound is too fast the wavelength of infrasound is too short

15 15 (c) Both infrasound waves and ultrasound waves are types of sound waves. They are used by animals to communicate. Two elephants use infrasound waves for long distance communication. The distance between these two elephants is 2500 m. not to scale elephant A 2500 m elephant B Elephant A emits an infrasound call. When elephant B hears the infrasound, it calls back. Elephant A hears the answering call from elephant B. The speed of infrasound is 340 m/s.

16 16 (i) Show that the minimum time for elephant A to call and hear an answer from elephant B is about 15 s. (3 marks) (ii) An elephant s infrasound call has a range of 4000 m. Each infrasound call lasts between 2 s and 10 s. Each elephant usually waits about 30 s before it calls again. Suggest a reason why elephants wait 30 s before calling again. (1 mark)

17 17 (d) Describe a use of infrasound that does not involve animals. (2 marks) (Total 9 marks) Q3 (Questions continue on next page)

18 18 Looking at our Universe 4 (a) Chandra, Hubble and Spitzer are space telescopes. The photographs show exactly the same part of the Universe observed using the different telescopes. The main object shown in each photograph is the same supernova. Chandra s image using X-rays Hubble s image using visible light Spitzer s image using infrared

19 19 (i) Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer. A supernova is (1 mark) A B C D a star in its main sequence the appearance of a new star the explosion of a massive star the explosion of a white dwarf

20 20 (ii) The waves that the three telescopes use are X-rays visible light infrared Complete the table by arranging these three waves in order of decreasing wavelength. (1 mark) longest wavelength shortest wavelength

21 21 (iii) Astronomers use different types of telescope, like Chandra, Hubble and Spitzer. Explain how using these different telescopes gives a better understanding of the Universe. (3 marks)

22 22 (b) Most space telescopes orbit the Earth but the Spitzer telescope stays behind the Earth to hide from the Sun. Suggest why this is necessary. (2 marks)

23 23 (c) Outside our Solar System, the star closest to Earth is called Proxima Centauri. Light from this star takes minutes to reach the Earth. Light from the Sun takes 8 3 minutes to reach the Earth. The speed of light is km/minute. not to scale 8 3 minutes minutes Sun Earth Proxima Centauri

24 24 (i) By calculation, compare the distance of Proxima Centauri from the Earth with the distance of the Sun from the Earth. (2 marks)

25 25 (ii) A light year is the distance that light travels in one year. Astronomers usually give the distance from stars as a number of light years instead of a number of kilometres. Suggest a reason for this. (1 mark) (Total 10 marks) Q4 (Questions continue on next page)

26 26 Power from the wind 5 A windfarm generates electrical power from the wind. (a) State one disadvantage of using the wind to generate electrical power. (1 mark)

27 27 (b) A windfarm generates 322 MW of electrical power. The windfarm is connected to a transmission line at a potential difference of 132 kv. (i) Calculate the current from the windfarm. (3 marks) current = A

28 28 (ii) The windfarm produces 322 MW of power. The windfarm is to be extended by adding 75 improved turbines. The extended windfarm will then produce a total of 539 MW. Calculate the power produced by each improved turbine. (2 marks) power = MW

29 29 *(c) There is a plan to replace the existing transmission line from the windfarm with one at the higher potential difference of 400 kv. The new transmission line will cross more than 200 km of mountains. The cables will hang 50 m above the ground from 600 new, taller pylons. Eventually, about 1000 of the old, shorter pylons will be removed. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this plan. (6 marks) (Continue your answer on next page)

30 30 (Total 12 marks) Q5 (Questions continue on next page)

31 Electromagnetic waves 6 (a) The diagram on page 32 shows the parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. 31 (i) Which parts of the electromagnetic spectrum are used for both communication and cooking? Put a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer. (1 mark) A B C D infrared and microwaves infrared and radio waves microwaves and radio waves radio waves and X-rays

32 32 radio waves microwaves infrared (Questions continue on next page) visible light ultraviolet X-rays gamma rays

33 33 (ii) Fluorescent substances absorb ultraviolet and emit visible light. Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer. Visible light has a (1 mark) A B C D faster speed than ultraviolet higher frequency than ultraviolet lower frequency than ultraviolet smaller wavelength than ultraviolet

34 34 (b) Ultraviolet radiation and infrared radiation are emitted by the Sun and reach the surface of the Earth. (i) Describe a harmful effect of ultraviolet radiation. (2 marks)

35 35 (ii) Explain why ultraviolet radiation is likely to be more dangerous to humans than infrared radiation. (2 marks)

36 36 *(c) Herschel discovered invisible rays beyond one end of the visible spectrum. Ritter discovered invisible rays beyond the other end of the visible spectrum. Compare and contrast the two experiments leading to these discoveries. You may draw labelled diagrams to help with your answer. (6 marks) (Continue your answer on next page)

38 38 (Total 12 marks) Q6 total for paper = 60 marks END

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