Native Americans 8-1.1

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1 Native Americans 8-1.1

2 Bellwork 8/20/14 1. What effect did increased trade between Europe and Asia have on Europeans? a. They hired Vikings to protect traders along trade routes. b. They stopped making their own goods and bought what they needed from Asians. c. They fought to conquer the Muslims for their wealth. d. They searched for shorter, safer trade routes. Answer: D 2. Why was Columbus's discovery of America more important than the discovery by the Vikings? a. No one believed the Vikings really discovered a new land. b Columbus's discovery produced more long-lasting effects. c. Columbus made several voyages and the Vikings only made one. d The Vikings established several settlements in America. Answer: B

3 Reminders Study notes nightly Notecards due Friday Native Test Aug. 27 Beta Service Learning Project

4 Washington s Agenda Notes/Discussion: Early Native Americans Key Focus: Native American Culture Political System of the Native Americans The daily life of Native Americans Watch Video: The Forest People (Discovery Education) Student Group Activity: Complete Graphic on Native Americans Closure: Ticket out the door (List one essential fact about one aspect of Native American life) Independent Practice: Journal Entry

5 Think About It Imagine that you were living 500 years ago. You ve decide to explore the town where you currently live. Write down what you think you might find.

6 Quick Review The Three Discoveries of America (All Accidental)

7 Asians Crossed the Bering Strait Land Bridge during the last Ice Age Different cultures developed as a result of advancement, an increase in number, and their environment.

8 Vikings Discovery made in about year 1000 Leif Ericson-Probably the first European to set foot on N. America 1. Archaeological finds 2. Sagas: Stories passed down from generation to generation The settlement was brief and had little impact on Native Americans or the rest of the world.

9 Christopher Columbus Believed he could reach by sailing west King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain supported him. Sighted land on Oct. 12, 1492 (San Salvador, Cuba, Haiti)

10 Focus Statement Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

11 Have You Ever had to move from one state to another? Why?

12 The Forest People

13 Focus Statement Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

14 Guided Practice: Native Americans of the Eastern Woodland Indians

15 Closure Ticket out the door (List one aspect of Native American life)

16 Independent Practice Suppose a visitor from another country is sent to survey the state of South Carolina today. He is ordered to keep a journal of his experiences. He visits your area and observes the "natives." What might he say about them? Write one journal entry. Remember to include all collective aspects of the Eastern Woodland tribes

17 Bellwork 8/21/14 1. Which of the following was not a Native American group of SC? a. Cherokee b. Catawba c. Apache d. Yemassee Answer: C 2. The first Native Americans in South Carolina? a. left behind no artifacts b built large settlements c. were hunters and gatherers d developed the first colonies Answer: C

18 Reminders Study notes nightly Notecards due every Friday Native Test Aug. 27 Beta Service Learning Project

19 Washington s Agenda Notes/Discussion: Early Native Americans Key Focus: Native American Culture Political System of the Native Americans The daily life of Native Americans Student Group Activity: Complete Graphic on Native Americans Closure: Ticket out the door (List one aspect of Native American life) Independent Practice: Journal Entry

20 Definition: Quick Review Characteristics: Native Americans- The natives are indigenous people to the United States. They lived throughout the country for centuries before the arrival of Europeans. Hunter-gatherers Lived in palisade villages (fenced in) Valued Trade Examples: Cherokee Catawba Yemassee Non-examples Europeans Africans Spanish

21 Focus Statement Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

22 The Earliest Americans

23 Who are the Native Americans? The natives are indigenous people to the United States. They lived throughout the country for centuries before the arrival of Europeans.

24 Eastern Woodland Indians Forest Dwellers

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28 Pair Share Share with your partner one aspect of Native American life

29 Focus Statement Summarize the collective and individual aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

30 IV. Methods of Hunting and Farming Entire group worked together to tend crops in large fields owned and worked in common. To clear land they used a system called slash and burn Each family also had their own little plots for their family food. Mainly hunted deer because of abundance and usefulness for things other than food. Hunted with bow and arrow, but sometimes used fires to drive big animals into a small area where they could be killed

31 V. Political Systems (democratic) Tribal loyalty was a major force in life-like patriotism today. Villages sent representatives to tribal councils- (democratic) The chief led but the council decisions were made by consensus. Alliances and confederations were formed- diplomats worked between groups

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34 Stand Up Hands Up Pair Up Students will circulate the room and find a partner each time the signal is given Students are to discuss one aspect of Native life When signal is given students are to return to their seats Discuss Responses

35 Closure Using your whiteboards, identify one aspect of Native American Life

36 Independent Practice Ms. Washington just sent a tweet commenting on the lives of Native Americans. She would like to hear your views on the topic. She last tweeted: What do you think your life would be like today if the Natives had not come to America? Be specific Think about the collective and individual aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group

37 Bellwork 8/22/14 1. The Eastern Woodlands Indian had what type of government? a. monarchy b. democracy c. dictatorship d. oligarchy Answer: B 2. Which of the following crops was not produced by Eastern Woodland Indians? a. corn b pumpkins c. beans d indigo Answer: D

38 Reminders Study notes nightly Notecards due every Friday Native Test Aug. 27 BETA Service Learning Project

39 Washington s Agenda Notes/Discussion: Early Native Americans Key Focus: Native American Culture Political System of the Native Americans The daily life of Native Americans Student Group Activity: Complete Graphic on Native Americans Closure: Independent Practice:

40 Quick Review: Jot Thoughts Teacher gives topic : Native Americans Teacher sets a time limit Teacher provides think time Each person will list as many facts as they can about the Native Americans. (1 minute ) Discuss responses with your partner

41 Focus Statement Summarize the individual aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

42 Which three Native American Tribes had the most influence on Colonial SC?

43 Cherokee Lived in the foothills and mountains in SC Known as the real people Very powerful nation Part of the Iroquoian language Lived in villages of up to 600 people in palisade for protection Houses made of daub(mixture of grass/clay) & wattle(bark and branches) Village leaders, including women, met as council to make rules for nation In time of peace, villages led by White leader, in times of war, Red leader Each village had a holy man or woman

44 The Catawba Lived along the rivers of the Piedmont region Known as the river people Iroquoian language Lived in palisade villages Homes were wigwams made of sapling frames covered with bark or mats made of grass and reeds Had council houses in which the leaders made the rules for the people They were great potters, shaping clay into pots

45 The Yemassee Lived along the coast of SC near the mouth of the Savannah River Part of Muskogean language During the summer they lived on the beach in wigwams covered with palmetto leaves, in the fall, they lived in wattle and daub homes with a roof of palmetto leaves Clams and oysters were a part of their diet Their council included women Fled to Florida after the Yemassee War

46 Yemassee War ( ) Took place in the Low Country of SC (Beaufort Area) The Yemassee tribe attacked settlers because they disliked the high prices the Europeans charged in business deals (etc. deerskin trading) Felt they were being cheated They were defeated in the end and most were killed.

47 Guided Practice: Using a graphic organizer, Summarize the collective and individual aspects of the Native Americans culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group, including the Catawba, Cherokee, and Yemassee. Cherokee Catawba Yemassee Location Type of Homes Political System Natural Resources Work Food

48 Focus Statement Summarize the individual aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

49 Stand-N-Share Students stand to summarize and share with the class aspects of an individual tribe and sit when all their answers are shared *If you have that same tribe, be sure to check off all responses that are the same or similar

50 Closure Using your whiteboards, identify one essential fact about one aspect of Native American Life

51 Did You Know Native Americans were divided into regional groups based on where people lived and the languages they spoke.. Independent Practice

52 Bellwork 8/25/14 1. The Yemasse Indians? a. lived up the Up Country b. fought wars against the Dutch c. set up trade with other European nations d. supported Europeans expansion into their territory Answer: C 2. Today, many Native American groups in South Carolina are organized into? a. Clans b Nations c. Councils d Tribes Answer: A

53 Reminders Study notes nightly Notecards due every Friday Native Test Aug. 27 BETA Service Learning Project

54 Washington s Agenda Notes/Discussion: Early Native Americans Key Focus: The impact European settlements had on the Natives Student Group Activity: Complete Graphic on Native Americans Closure: Ticket out the door (List one positive or negative fact about the impact European settlements had on the Natives) Independent Practice: Journal Entry

55 Quick Review: Jot Thoughts Teacher gives topic : Native Americans Teacher sets a time limit Teacher provides think time Each person will list as many facts as they can about the Native Americans. (1 minute ) Discuss responses with your partner

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57 Positive Impact 1. Europeans traded tools, weapons, and guns with the natives for furs. 2. Europeans and Native Americans both shared new technology and farming techniques. 3. Friendships and alliances were made with European and certain tribes. 4. Both Europeans and Natives were exposed to new cultures.

58 Negative Impact Europeans: 1. Cheated the natives in trade 2. Took over their lands 3. Forced some into slavery, causing hostilities between settlers and natives 4. Tried to force their culture onto Natives 5. Brought over diseases that Natives were not immune to

59 How did the Europeans Treat the Native Americans?

60 Nation English French Spanish Treatment of Native Americans Depended on Native Americans during early settlement period Viewed the Native Americans as savages Took over more and more of the Native American territory to build colonies Maintained good relations with the Native Americans Built a successful fur trade with the Native Americans Established trading post colonies, not settlements which threatened the Native s way of life Spain integrated Natives into the culture Explorers intermarried with Native Americans Class system controlled by pureblooded Spanish

61 Guided Practice What was contact like between the Europeans and the Natives? Students will work in groups to analyze primary source documents Each group will analyze all documents completing the document base questions (DBQ) Each group will present one of their primary source findings to the class ( place responses on chart paper) *teacher will assign the source

62 Closure Using your whiteboards, explain how contact with the Europeans impacted the lives of the Natives.

63 Independent Practice Students will complete the primary source documents Think about the collective and individual aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group

64 Bell Work How did Eastern Woodlands natives view land ownership? a. Private ownership of land was encouraged. b. Tribal chiefs and their families owned the land. c. Land was held in trust by tribal groups, no private ownership. d. Land was given to warriors who proved their bravery. Answer: c 2. How did the Europeans group the Native Americans? a. Clan names b. Tribal leaders c. Language families d. Religious belief systems Answer: c

65 Reminders Study notes nightly Notecards due every Friday Native Test Aug. 27 BETA Service Learning Project

66 Washington s Agenda Notes/Discussion: Early Native Americans Key Focus: Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodland Tribes Student Group Activity: Complete guided notes Closure: Q & A using whiteboards Independent Practice: Complete guided notes

67 Quick Review: Jot Thoughts Teacher gives topic : Native Americans Teacher sets a time limit Teacher provides think time Each person will list as many facts as they can about the Native Americans. (1 minute ) Discuss responses with your partner

68 Focus Statement Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

69 Teacher Model Teacher will model how to complete the guided the notes I Do

70 Guided Practice Teacher/students will review the aspects of Native Americans through the use of guided notes & discussion. Students will use guided notes as a source of review for test

71 Closure Using your whiteboards, students will respond to Q & A about the collective aspects of Native Americans of the Eastern Woodland tribal groups

72 Independent Practice Students will complete guided notes on the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group

73 Bellwork 8/27/14 Review Notes for Native Test

74 Reminders Study notes nightly Notecards due every Friday

75 Washington s Agenda Notes/Discussion: Early Native Americans Key Focus: Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodland Tribes Students will complete test on Native Americans Early finishers: Work on notecards

76 Focus Statement Summarize the collective aspects of the Native American culture of the Eastern Woodlands tribal group 8-1.1

77 Teacher Model Teacher will model how to complete the first question on the test I Do

78 Guided Practice Students will complete question #2 together

79 Independent Practice Students will complete test on Native Americans Early finishers: Notecards

80 Materials Needed SC Standards Building of A Nation Textbook Student Resource Manual Document Camera/Promethean Board PowerPoint Teacher Created Notes Teacher Created Graphic Organizers Informational Text Primary Source Documents Test ( 8/27)

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Fauna- Culture- Palisade- Wigwam- Longhouse- Wattle and Daub- Dug out canoe- Red Leader- White Leader- Yemassee- Catawba- Cherokee-

Fauna- Culture- Palisade- Wigwam- Longhouse- Wattle and Daub- Dug out canoe- Red Leader- White Leader- Yemassee- Catawba- Cherokee- Name Chapter 2 Native Americans Eastern Woodland Indians of South Carolina Standard 8-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native

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