# CHAPTER 4. Completing the Accounting Cycle ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE. Brief. A Problems. B Problems 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 17 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B

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1 CHAPTER 4 Completing the Accounting Cycle ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE Study Objectives Questions Brief Exercises Exercises A Problems B Problems *1. Prepare a worksheet. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 17 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B *2. Explain the process of closing the books. 6, 7, 11, 12 4, 5, 6 4, 7, 8, 11, 19 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B *3. Describe the content and purpose of a post-closing trial balance. 8, 9 7 4, 7, 8 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B *4. State the required steps in the accounting cycle. *5. Explain the approaches to preparing correcting entries. 10, 11, , 19 5A 5B , 13 6A *6. Identify the sections of a classified balance sheet. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 10, 11 3, 9, 14 15, 16, 17 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B *7. Prepare reversing entries. 10, 19, , 19 *Note: All asterisked Questions, Exercises, and Problems relate to material contained in the appendix *to the chapter. 4-1

2 ASSIGNMENT CHARACTERISTICS TABLE Problem Number Description Difficulty Level Time Allotted (min.) 1A 2A 3A 4A Prepare worksheet, financial statements, and adjusting and closing entries. Complete worksheet; prepare financial statements, closing entries, and post-closing trial balance. Prepare financial statements, closing entries, and postclosing trial balance. Complete worksheet; prepare classified balance sheet, entries, and post-closing trial balance. Simple Moderate Moderate Moderate A Complete all steps in accounting cycle. Complex A 1B 2B 3B 4B Analyze errors and prepare correcting entries and trial balance. Prepare worksheet, financial statements, and adjusting and closing entries. Complete worksheet; prepare financial statements, closing entries, and post-closing trial balance. Prepare financial statements, closing entries, and postclosing trial balance. Complete worksheet; prepare classified balance sheet, entries, and post-closing trial balance. Moderate Simple Moderate Moderate Moderate B Complete all steps in accounting cycle. Complex Comprehensive Problem: Chapters 2 to 4 4-2

3 BLOOM S TAXONOMY TABLE 4-3 Correlation Chart between Bloom s Taxonomy, Study Objectives and End-of-Chapter Exercises and Problems Study Objective Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation *1. Prepare a worksheet. Q4-1 BE4-3 Q4-5 Q4-4 Q4-3 Q4-2 BE4-1 E4-1 E4-2 E4-3 E4-17 P4-2A P4-3A P4-3B P4-2B P4-5A P4-4A P4-1A E4-6 E4-5 BE4-2 P4-1B P4-4B P4-5B *2. Explain the process of closing the books. Q4-6 Q4-11 Q4-12 Q4-7 BE4-4 BE4-5 BE4-6 E4-4 E4-7 E4-8 P4-3B P4-2B P4-3A P4-2A E4-11 P4-1B P4-5A P4-4A P4-1A E4-19 P4-4B P4-5B *3. Describe the content and purpose of a post-closing trial balance. Q4-8 Q4-9 BE4-7 E4-4 E4-7 E4-8 P4-2A P4-3B P4-2B P4-3A P4-5A P4-4A P4-1A P4-1B P4-4B P4-5B *4. State the required steps in the accounting cycle. Q4-11 Q4-12 BE4-8 Q4-10 E4-10 E4-19 P4-5A P4-5B *5. Explain the approaches to preparing correcting entries. Q4-13 BE4-9 E4-12 E4-13 P4-6A *6. Identify the sections of a classified balance sheet. Q4-14 Q4-15 Q4-16 Q4-17 Q4-18 BE4-11 E4-15 BE4-10 E4-3 E4-9 E4-14 E4-16 P4-3B P4-2B P4-3A P4-2A E4-17 P4-1B P4-5A P4-4A P4-1A P4-4B P4-5B *7. Prepare reversing entries. Q4-10 Q4-19 Q4-20 BE4-12 E4-18 E4-19 Broadening Your Perspective Communication Exploring the Web Financial Reporting Decision Making Across the Organization Comparative Analysis All About You Ethics Case Exploring the Web

4 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. No. A worksheet is not a permanent accounting record. The use of a worksheet is an optional step in the accounting cycle. 2. The worksheet is merely a device used to make it easier to prepare adjusting entries and the financial statements. 3. The amount shown in the adjusted trial balance column for an account equals the account balance in the ledger after adjusting entries have been journalized and posted. 4. The net income of \$12,000 will appear in the income statement debit column and the balance sheet credit column. A net loss will appear in the income statement credit column and the balance sheet debit column. 5. Formal financial statements are needed because the columnar data are not properly arranged and classified for statement purposes. For example, a drawing account is listed with assets. 6. (1) (Dr) Individual revenue accounts and (Cr) Income Summary. (2) (Dr) Income Summary and (Cr) Individual expense accounts. (3) (Dr) Income Summary and (Cr) Owner s Capital (for net income). (4) (Dr) Owner s Capital and (Cr) Owner s Drawing. 7. Income Summary is a temporary account that is used in the closing process. The account is debited for expenses and credited for revenues. The difference, either net income or loss, is then closed to the owner s capital account. 8. The post-closing trial balance contains only balance sheet accounts. Its purpose is to prove the equality of the permanent account balances that are carried forward into the next accounting period. 9. The accounts that will not appear in the post-closing trial balance are Depreciation Expense; Jennifer Shaeffer, Drawing; and Service Revenue. 10. A reversing entry is the exact opposite, both in amount and in account titles, of an adjusting entry and is made at the beginning of the new accounting period. Reversing entries are an optional step in the accounting cycle. 11. The steps that involve journalizing are: (1) journalize the transactions, (2) journalize the adjusting entries, and (3) journalize the closing entries. 12. The three trial balances are the: (1) trial balance, (2) adjusted trial balance, and (3) post-closing trial balance. 13. Correcting entries differ from adjusting entries because they: (1) are not a required part of the accounting cycle, (2) may be made at any time, and (3) may affect any combination of accounts. 4-4

5 Questions Chapter 4 (Continued) *14. The standard classifications in a balance sheet are: Assets Current Assets Long-term Investments Property, Plant, and Equipment Intangible Assets Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current Liabilities Long-term Liabilities Owner s Equity *15. A company s operating cycle is the average time required to go from cash to cash in producing revenues. The operating cycle of a company is the average time that it takes to purchase inventory, sell it on account, and then collect cash from customers. *16. Current assets are assets that a company expects to convert to cash or use up in one year. Some companies use a period longer than one year to classify assets and liabilities as current because they have an operating cycle longer than one year. Companies usually list current assets in the order in which they expect to convert them into cash. *17. Long-term investments are generally investments in stocks and bonds of other companies that are normally held for many years. Property, plant, and equipment are assets with relatively long useful lives that a company is currently using in operating the business. *18. (a) The owner s equity section for a corporation is called stockholders equity. (b) The two accounts and the purpose of each are: (1) Capital stock is used to record investments of assets in the business by the owners (stockholders). (2) Retained earnings is used to record net income retained in the business. * *19. After reversing entries have been made, the balances will be Interest Payable, zero balance; Interest Expense, a credit balance. *20. (a) Jan. 10 Salaries Expense... 8,000 Cash... 8,000 Because of the January 1 reversing entry that credited Salaries Expense for \$3,500, Salaries Expense will have a debit balance of \$4,500 which equals the expense for the current period. (b) Jan. 10 Salaries Payable... 3,500 Salaries Expense... 4,500 Cash... 8,000 Note that Salaries Expense will again have a debit balance of \$4,

6 SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES BRIEF EXERCISE 4-1 The steps in using a worksheet are performed in the following sequence: (1) prepare a trial balance on the worksheet, (2) enter adjustment data, (3) enter adjusted balances, (4) extend adjusted balances to appropriate statement columns and (5) total the statement columns, compute net income (loss), and complete the worksheet. Filling in the blanks, the answers are 1, 3, 4, 5, 2. The solution to BRIEF EXERCISE 4-2 is on page 4-7. BRIEF EXERCISE 4-3 Income Statement Balance Sheet Account Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Accumulated Depreciation X Depreciation Expense X N. Batan, Capital X N. Batan, Drawing X Service Revenue X Supplies X Accounts Payable X BRIEF EXERCISE 4-4 Dec. 31 Service Revenue... 50,000 Income Summary... 50, Income Summary... 31,000 Salaries Expense... 27,000 Supplies Expense... 4, Income Summary... 19,000 D. Swann, Capital... 19, D. Swann, Capital... 2,000 D. Swann, Drawing... 2,

7 LEY COMPANY Worksheet Trial Balance Adjustments Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Account Titles Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Prepaid Insurance Service Revenue Salaries Expense Accounts Receivable Salaries Payable Insurance Expense 3,000 25,000 58,000 (c) 800 (b) 1,100 (a) 1,200 (a) 1,200 (b) 1,100 (c) 800 1,800 25,800 1,100 1,200 59, ,800 1,200 59,100 1,800 1, BRIEF EXERCISE

8 BRIEF EXERCISE 4-5 Salaries Expense Income Summary Service Revenue 27,000 (2) 27,000 (2) 31,000 (1) 50,000 (1) 50,000 50,000 (3) 19,000 50,000 50,000 Supplies Expense D. Swann, Capital D. Swann, Drawing 4,000 (2) 4,000 (4) 2,000 30,000 2,000 (4) 2,000 (3) 19,000 Bal. 47,000 BRIEF EXERCISE 4-6 July 31 Green Fee Revenue... 13,600 Income Summary... 13, Income Summary... 10,700 Salaries Expense... 8,200 Maintenance Expense... 2,500 Green Fee Revenue 7/31 Balance 13,600 13,600 7/31 Closing entry 13,600 0 Salaries Expense 7/31 Balance 8,200 8,200 7/31 Closing entry 8,

9 BRIEF EXERCISE 4-6 (Continued) Maintenance Expense 7/31 Balance 2,500 2,500 7/31 Closing entry 2,500 0 BRIEF EXERCISE 4-7 The accounts that will appear in the post-closing trial balance are: Accumulated Depreciation N. Batan, Capital Supplies Accounts Payable BRIEF EXERCISE 4-8 The proper sequencing of the required steps in the accounting cycle is as follows: 1. Analyze business transactions. 2. Journalize the transactions. 3. Post to ledger accounts. 4. Prepare a trial balance. 5. Journalize and post adjusting entries. 6. Prepare an adjusted trial balance. 7. Prepare financial statements. 8. Journalize and post closing entries. 9. Prepare a post-closing trial balance. Filling in the blanks, the answers are 4, 2, 8, 7, 5, 3, 9, 6,

10 BRIEF EXERCISE Service Revenue Accounts Receivable Accounts Payable (\$1,750 \$1,570) Store Supplies BRIEF EXERCISE 4-10 DIAZ COMPANY Partial Balance Sheet Current assets Cash... \$15,400 Short-term investments... 6,700 Accounts receivable... 12,500 Supplies... 5,200 Prepaid insurance... 3,600 Total current assets... \$43,400 BRIEF EXERCISE 4-11 CL Accounts payable CL Income tax payable CA Accounts receivable LTI Investment in long-term bonds PPE Accumulated depreciation PPE Land PPE Building CA Merchandise inventory CA Cash IA Patent IA Copyrights CA Supplies *BRIEF EXERCISE 4-12 Nov. 1 Salaries Payable... 1,400 Salaries Expense... 1,400 The balances after posting the reversing entry are Salaries Expense (Cr.) \$1,400 and Salaries Payable \$

11 SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES EXERCISE 4-1 BRISCOE COMPANY Worksheet For the Month Ended June 30, 2008 Account Titles Trial Balance Adjustments Adj. Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Cash 2,320 2,320 2,320 Accounts Receivable 2,440 2,440 2,440 Supplies 1,880 1, Accounts Payable 1,120 1,120 1,120 Unearned Revenue Lenny Briscoe, Capital 3,600 3,600 3,600 Service Revenue 2, ,540 2,540 Salaries Expense Miscellaneous Expense Totals 7,360 7,360 Supplies Expense 1,580 1,580 1,580 Salaries Payable Totals 2,000 2,000 7,640 7,640 2,580 2,540 5,060 5,100 Net Loss Totals 2,580 2,580 5,100 5,

12 EXERCISE 4-2 GOODE COMPANY (Partial) Worksheet For the Month Ended April 30, 2008 Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Account Titles Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Cash 13,752 13,752 Accounts Receivable 7,840 7,840 Prepaid Rent 2,280 2,280 Equipment 23,050 23,050 Accum. Depreciation 4,921 4,921 Notes Payable 5,700 5,700 Accounts Payable 5,672 5,672 T. Goode, Capital 30,960 30,960 T. Goode, Drawing 3,650 3,650 Service Revenue 15,590 15,590 Salaries Expense 10,840 10,840 Rent Expense Depreciation Expense Interest Expense Interest Payable Totals 62,900 62,900 12,328 15,590 50,572 47,310 Net Income 3,262 3,262 Totals 15,590 15,590 50,572 50,

13 EXERCISE 4-3 GOODE COMPANY Income Statement For the Month Ended April 30, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$15,590 Expenses Salaries expense... \$10,840 Rent expense Depreciation expense Interest expense Total expenses... 12,328 Net income... \$ 3,262 GOODE COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Month Ended April 30, 2008 T. Goode, Capital, April 1... \$30,960 Add: Net income... 3,262 34,222 Less: Drawings... 3,650 T. Goode, Capital, April \$30,572 GOODE COMPANY Balance Sheet April 30, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$13,752 Accounts receivable... 7,840 Prepaid rent... 2,280 Total current assets... 23,872 Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... \$23,050 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 4,921 18,129 Total assets... \$42,

14 EXERCISE 4-3 (Continued) GOODE COMPANY Balance Sheet (Continued) April 30, 2008 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Notes payable... \$ 5,700 Accounts payable... 5,672 Interest payable Total current liabilities... 11,429 Owner s equity T. Goode, Capital... 30,572 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$42,001 EXERCISE 4-4 (a) Apr. 30 Service Revenue... 15,590 Income Summary... 15, Income Summary... 12,328 Salaries Expense... 10,840 Rent Expense Depreciation Expense Interest Expense Income Summary... 3,262 T. Goode, Capital... 3, T. Goode, Capital... 3,650 T. Goode, Drawing... 3,650 (b) Income Summary T. Goode, Capital (2) 12,328 (1) 15,590 (4) 3,650 30,960 (3) 3,262 (3) 3,262 15,590 15,590 Bal. 30,

15 EXERCISE 4-4 (Continued) (c) GOODE COMPANY Post-Closing Trial Balance April 30, 2008 Debit Credit Cash... \$13,752 Accounts Receivable... 7,840 Prepaid Rent... 2,280 Equipment... 23,050 Accumulated Depreciation... \$ 4,921 Notes Payable... 5,700 Accounts Payable... 5,672 Interest Payable T. Goode, Capital... 30,572 \$46,922 \$46,922 EXERCISE 4-5 (a) Accounts Receivable Service Revenue Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Salaries Expense Salaries Payable

16 EXERCISE 4-5 (Continued) (b) Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Accounts Receivable X Prepaid Insurance X Accum. Depreciation X Salaries Payable X Service Revenue X Salaries Expense X Insurance Expense X Depreciation Expense X EXERCISE 4-6 (a) Accounts Receivable \$25,000 (\$34,000 \$9,000). Supplies \$2,000 (\$7,000 \$5,000). Accumulated Depreciation \$22,000 (\$12,000 + \$10,000). Salaries Payable \$0 No liability recorded until adjustments are made. Insurance Expense \$6,000 (\$26,000 \$20,000). Salaries Expense \$44,000 (\$49,000 \$5,000). (b) Accounts Receivable... 9,000 Service Revenue... 9,000 Insurance Expense... 6,000 Prepaid Insurance... 6,000 Supplies Expense... 5,000 Supplies... 5,000 Depreciation Expense... 10,000 Accumulated Depreciation... 10,000 Salaries Expense... 5,000 Salaries Payable... 5,

17 EXERCISE 4-7 (a) Service Revenue... 4,064 Income Summary... 4,064 Income Summary... 3,828 Salaries Expense... 1,344 Miscellaneous Expense Supplies Expense... 2,228 Income Summary Emil Skoda, Capital Emil Skoda, Capital Emil Skoda, Drawing (b) EMIL SKODA COMPANY Post-Closing Trial Balance For the Month Ended June 30, 2008 Account Titles Debit Credit Cash... \$3,712 Accounts Receivable... 3,904 Supplies Accounts Payable... \$1,792 Salaries Payable Unearned Revenue Emil Skoda, Capital... 5,696 \$8,096 \$8,

18 EXERCISE 4-8 (a) General Journal J15 Date Account Titles Ref. Debit Credit July 31 Commission Revenue ,000 Rent Revenue ,500 Income Summary , Income Summary ,600 Salaries Expense ,700 Utilities Expense ,900 Depreciation Expense , B. J. Apachi, Capital ,100 Income Summary , B. J. Apachi, Capital ,000 B. J. Apachi, Drawing ,000 (b) B. J. Apachi, Capital No. 301 July 31 Balance 45, Close net loss J15 3,100 42, Close drawing J15 16,000 26,100 Income Summary No. 350 July 31 Close revenue J15 71,500 71, Close expenses J15 74,600 (3,100) 31 Close net loss J15 3,

19 EXERCISE 4-8 (Continued) (c) APACHI COMPANY Post-Closing Trial Balance July 31, 2008 Debit Credit Cash... \$14,840 Accounts Receivable... 8,780 Equipment... 15,900 Accumulated Depreciation... \$ 7,400 Accounts Payable... 4,220 Unearned Rent Revenue... 1,800 B. J. Apachi, Capital... 26,100 \$39,520 \$39,520 EXERCISE 4-9 (a) APACHI COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended July 31, 2008 Revenues Commission revenue... \$65,000 Rent revenue... 6,500 Total revenues... 71,500 Expenses Salaries expense... \$55,700 Utilities expense... 14,900 Depreciation expense... 4,000 Total expenses... 74,600 Net loss... (\$ 3,100) APACHI COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended July 31, 2008 B. J. Apachi, Capital, August 1, \$45,200 Less: Net loss... \$ 3,100 Drawings... 16,000 19,100 B. J. Apachi, Capital, July 31, \$26,

20 EXERCISE 4-9 (Continued) (b) APACHI COMPANY Balance Sheet July 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$14,840 Accounts receivable... 8,780 Total current assets... 23,620 Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... \$15,900 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 7,400 8,500 Total assets... \$32,120 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 4,220 Unearned rent revenue... 1,800 Total current liabilities... 6,020 Owner s equity B. J. Apachi, Capital... 26,100 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$32,120 EXERCISE False Analyze business transactions is the first step in the accounting cycle. 2. False. Reversing entries are an optional step in the accounting cycle. 3. True. 4. True. 5. True. 6. False. Steps 1 3 may occur daily in the accounting cycle. Steps 4 7 are performed on a periodic basis. Steps 8 and 9 are usually prepared only at the end of a company s annual accounting period. 7. False. The step of journalize the transactions occurs before the step of post to the ledger accounts. 8. False. Closing entries are prepared after financial statements are prepared. 4-20

21 EXERCISE 4-11 (a) June 30 Service Revenue... 15,100 Income Summary... 15, Income Summary... 13,100 Salaries Expense... 8,800 Supplies Expense... 1,300 Rent Expense... 3, Income Summary... 2,000 Nina Cole, Capital... 2, Nina Cole, Capital... 2,500 Nina Cole, Drawing... 2,500 (b) Income Summary June 30 13,100 June 30 15,100 June 30 2,000 15,100 15,100 EXERCISE 4-12 (a) 1. Cash Equipment Salaries Expense Cash Service Revenue Cash Cash... 1,000 Accounts Receivable... 1,

22 EXERCISE 4-12 (Continued) 3. Accounts Payable Equipment Equipment Accounts Payable (b) 1. Salaries Expense Equipment Service Revenue Cash Accounts Receivable... 1, Equipment Accounts Payable EXERCISE Accounts Payable (\$630 \$360) Cash Supplies Equipment Accounts Payable M. Mason, Drawing Salaries Expense

23 EXERCISE 4-14 (a) KARR BOWLING ALLEY Balance Sheet December 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$ 18,040 Accounts receivable... 14,520 Prepaid insurance... 4,680 Total current assets... 37,240 Property, plant, and equipment Land... \$64,000 Building... \$128,800 Less: Acc. depr. building... 42,600 86,200 Equipment... 62,400 Less: Acc. depr. equipment... 18,720 43, ,880 Total assets... \$231,

24 EXERCISE 4-14 (Continued) KARR BOWLING ALLEY Balance Sheet (Continued) December 31, 2008 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Current portion of note payable... \$ 13,900 Accounts payable... 12,300 Interest payable... 2,600 Total current liabilities... 28,800 Long-term liabilities Note payable... 83,880 Total liabilities ,680 Owner s equity S. Karr, Capital (\$115,000 + \$3,440*) ,440 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$231,120 *Net income = \$14,180 \$780 \$7,360 \$2,600 = \$3,440 (b) Current assets exceed current liabilities by \$8,440 (\$37,240 \$28,800). In addition, approximately 50% of current assets are in the form of cash. In sum, the company s liquidity appears to be reasonably good. EXERCISE 4-15 CL Accounts payable CA Inventories CA Accounts receivable LTI Investments PPE Accumulated depreciation PPE Land PPE Buildings LTL Long-term dept CA Cash CA Supplies OE Roberts, Capital PPE Office equipment IA Patents CA Prepaid expenses CL Salaries payable 4-24

25 EXERCISE 4-16 R. STEVENS COMPANY Balance Sheet December 31, 2008 (in thousands) Assets Current assets Cash... \$ 2,668 Short-term investments... 3,690 Accounts receivable... 1,696 Inventories... 1,256 Prepaid expenses Total current assets... \$10,190 Long-term investments Property, plant, and equipment Property, plant, and equipment... 11,500 Less: Accumulated depreciation... (5,655) 5,845 Total assets... \$16,299 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Notes payable in \$ 481 Accounts payable... 1,444 Total current liabilities... \$ 1,925 Long-term liabilities Long-term debt Notes payable (after 2009) Total long-term liabilities... 1,311 Total liabilities... 3,236 Owner s equity R. Stevens, Capital... 13,063 Total owner s equity... 13,063 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$16,

26 EXERCISE 4-17 (a) B. SNYDER COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended July 31, 2008 Revenues Commission revenue... \$61,100 Rent revenue... 8,500 Total revenues... \$69,600 Expenses Salaries expense... 51,700 Utilities expense... 22,600 Depreciation expense... 4,000 Total expense... 78,300 Net loss... \$ (8,700) B. SNYDER COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended July 31, 2008 Owner s equity, August 1, \$51,200 Less: Net loss... \$8,700 Drawings... 4,000 12,700 Owner s equity, July 31, \$38,

27 EXERCISE 4-17 (Continued) (b) B. SNYDER COMPANY Balance Sheet July 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$24,200 Accounts receivable... 9,780 Total current assets... \$33,980 Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... 18,500 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 6,000 12,500 Total assets... \$46,480 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 4,100 Salaries payable... 2,080 Total current liabilities... \$ 6,180 Long-term liabilities Note payable... 1,800 Total liabilities... 7,980 Owner s equity B. Snyder, Capital... 38,500 Total owner s equity... 38,500 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$46,

28 *EXERCISE 4-18 (a) Dec. 31 Salaries Expense (\$10,000 X 2/5)... 4,000 Salaries Payable... 4,000 Jan. 6 Salaries Payable... 4,000 Salaries Expense (\$10,000 X 3/5)... 6,000 Cash... 10,000 (b) Dec. 31 Salaries Expense... 4,000 Salaries Payable... 4,000 Jan. 1 Salaries Payable... 4,000 Salaries Expense... 4,000 Jan. 6 Salaries Expense... 10,000 Cash... 10,000 *EXERCISE 4-19 (a) Dec. 31 Commission Revenue... 92,000 Income Summary... 92, Income Summary... 7,800 Interest Expense... 7,800 (b) Jan. 1 Commission Revenue... 4,500 Accounts Receivable... 4,500 1 Interest Payable... 1,500 Interest Expense... 1,

29 *EXERCISE 4-19 (Continued) (c) & (e) Accounts Receivable Dec. 31 Balance *19, Adjusting 4,500 24,000 Jan. 1 Reversing 4,500 *(\$24,000 \$4,500) Commission Revenue Dec. 31 Closing 92,000 Dec. 31 Balance 87,500* 31 Adjusting 4,500 92,000 92,000 Jan. 1 Reversing 4,500 Jan. 10 4,500 *(\$92,000 \$4,500) Interest Payable Dec. 31 Adjusting 1,500 Jan. 1 Reversing 1,500 Interest Expense Dec. 31 Balance *6,300 Dec. 31 Closing 7, Adjusting 1,500 7,800 7,800 Jan. 15 2,500 Jan. 1 Reversing 1,500 *(\$7,800 \$1,500) (d) (1) Jan. 10 Cash... 4,500 Commission Revenue... 4,500 (2) 15 Interest Expense... 2,500 Cash... 2,

30 (a) THOMAS MAGNUM P.I. Worksheet For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2008 Account Titles Trial Balance Adjustments Cash Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Equipment Notes Payable Accounts Payable T. Magnum, Capital T. Magnum, Drawing Service Revenue Salaries Expense Travel Expense Rent Expense Miscellaneous Expense Totals Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Interest Expense Interest Payable Insurance Expense Totals Net Income Totals Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. 11,400 5,620 1,050 2,400 30, ,200 1,300 1, ,970 10,000 12,350 20,000 13,620 55,970 (e) 530 (a) 670 (b) 1,000 (c) 300 (d) 600 3,100 (a) 670 (d) 600 (e) 530 (b) 1,000 (c) 300 3,100 11,400 6, ,800 30, ,200 1,300 1, , ,800 10,000 12,350 20,000 14,150 1, ,800 2,200 1,300 1, , ,470 6,680 14,150 14,150 14,150 14,150 11,400 6, ,800 30, ,330 50,330 10,000 12,350 20,000 1, ,650 6,680 50,330 Key: (a) Supplies Used; (b) Depreciation Expensed; (c) Accrued Interest on note; (d) Insurance Expired; (e) Service Revenue Earned but unbilled. SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS PROBLEM 4-1A 4-30

31 PROBLEM 4-1A (Continued) (b) THOMAS MAGNUM P.I. Income Statement For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$14,150 Expenses Salaries expense... \$2,200 Travel expense... 1,300 Rent expense... 1,200 Depreciation expense... 1,000 Supplies expense Insurance expense Interest expense Miscellaneous expense Total expenses... 7,470 Net income... \$ 6,680 THOMAS MAGNUM P.I. Owner s Equity Statement For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2008 T. Magnum, Capital, January 1... \$ 0 Add: Investment by owner... \$20,000 Net income... 6,680 26,680 Less: Drawings T. Magnum, Capital, March \$26,

32 PROBLEM 4-1A (Continued) THOMAS MAGNUM P.I. Balance Sheet March 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$11,400 Accounts receivable... 6,150 Supplies Prepaid insurance... 1,800 Total current assets... 19,730 Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... \$30,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 1,000 29,000 Total assets... \$48,730 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Notes payable... \$10,000 Accounts payable... 12,350 Interest payable Total current liabilities... 22,650 Owner s equity T. Magnum, Capital... 26,080 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$48,730 (c) Mar. 31 Supplies Expense Supplies Depreciation Expense... 1,000 Accumulated Depreciation... 1, Interest Expense Interest Payable Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance

33 PROBLEM 4-1A (Continued) Mar. 31 Accounts Receivable Service Revenue (d) Mar. 31 Service Revenue... 14,150 Income Summary... 14, Income Summary... 7,470 Travel Expense... 1,300 Salaries Expense... 2,200 Rent Expense... 1,200 Insurance Expense Depreciation Expense... 1,000 Supplies Expense Interest Expense Miscellaneous Expense Income Summary... 6,680 T. Magnum, Capital... 6, T. Magnum, Capital T. Magnum, Drawing

34 PROBLEM 4-2A (a) PORTER COMPANY Partial Worksheet For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 Account Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet No. Titles Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. 101 Cash 18,800 18, Accounts Receivable 16,200 16, Supplies 2,300 2, Prepaid Insurance 4,400 4, Office Equipment 44,000 44, Acc. Depr. Off. Equip. 20,000 20, Notes Payable 20,000 20, Accounts Payable 8,000 8, Salaries Payable 2,600 2, Interest Payable 1,000 1, B. Porter, Capital 36,000 36, B. Porter, Drawing 12,000 12, Service Revenue 77,800 77, Advertising Expense 12,000 12, Supplies Expense 3,700 3, Depreciation Expense 8,000 8, Insurance Expense 4,000 4, Salaries Expense 39,000 39, Interest Expense 1,000 1,000 Totals 165, ,400 67,700 77,800 97,700 87,600 Net Income 10,100 10,100 Totals 77,800 77,800 97,700 97,

35 PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued) (b) PORTER COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$77,800 Expenses Salaries expense... \$39,000 Advertising expense... 12,000 Depreciation expense... 8,000 Insurance expense... 4,000 Supplies expense... 3,700 Interest expense... 1,000 Total expenses... 67,700 Net income... \$10,100 PORTER COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 B. Porter, Capital, January 1... \$36,000 Add: Net income... 10,100 46,100 Less: Drawings... 12,000 B. Porter, Capital, December \$34,

36 PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued) PORTER COMPANY Balance Sheet December 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$18,800 Accounts receivable... 16,200 Supplies... 2,300 Prepaid insurance... 4,400 Total current assets... 41,700 Property, plant, and equipment Office equipment... \$44,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 20,000 24,000 Total assets... \$65,700 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Notes payable... \$10,000 Accounts payable... 8,000 Salaries payable... 2,600 Interest payable... 1,000 Total current liabilities... 21,600 Long-term liabilities Notes payable... 10,000 Total liabilities... 31,600 Owner s equity B. Porter, Capital... 34,100 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$65,

37 PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued) (c) General Journal J14 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Dec. 31 Service Revenue ,800 Income Summary , Income Summary ,700 Advertising Expense ,000 Supplies Expense ,700 Depreciation Expense ,000 Insurance Expense ,000 Salaries Expense ,000 Interest Expense , Income Summary ,100 B. Porter, Capital , B. Porter, Capital ,000 B. Porter, Drawing ,000 (d) B. Porter, Capital No. 301 Jan. 31 Balance 36,000 36,000 Dec. 31 Closing entry J14 10,100 46, Closing entry J14 12,000 34,100 B. Porter, Drawing No. 306 Dec. 31 Balance 12,000 12, Closing entry J14 12,

38 PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued) Income Summary No. 350 Dec. 31 Closing entry J14 77,800 77, Closing entry J14 67,700 10, Closing entry J14 10,100 0 Service Revenue No. 400 Dec. 31 Balance 77,800 77, Closing entry J14 77,800 0 Advertising Expense No. 610 Dec. 31 Balance 12,000 12, Closing entry J14 12,000 0 Supplies Expense No. 631 Dec. 31 Balance 3,700 3, Closing entry J14 3,700 0 Depreciation Expense No. 711 Dec. 31 Balance 8,000 8, Closing entry J14 8,000 0 Insurance Expense No. 722 Dec. 31 Balance 4,000 4, Closing entry J14 4,

39 PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued) Salaries Expense No. 726 Dec. 31 Balance 39,000 39, Closing entry J14 39,000 0 Interest Expense No. 905 Dec. 31 Balance 1,000 1, Closing entry J14 1,000 0 (e) PORTER COMPANY Post-Closing Trial Balance December 31, 2008 Debit Credit Cash... \$18,800 Accounts Receivable... 16,200 Supplies... 2,300 Prepaid Insurance... 4,400 Office Equipment... 44,000 Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment... \$20,000 Notes Payable... 20,000 Accounts Payable... 8,000 Salaries Payable... 2,600 Interest Payable... 1,000 B. Porter, Capital... 34,100 \$85,700 \$85,

40 PROBLEM 4-3A (a) WOODS COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$44,000 Expenses Salaries expense... \$35,200 Repair expense... 5,400 Utilities expense... 4,000 Depreciation expense... 2,800 Insurance expense... 1,200 Total expenses... 48,600 Net loss... \$ (4,600) WOODS COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 S. Woods, Capital, January 1... \$30,000 Add: Additional investment by owner... 4,000 34,000 Less: Net loss... \$4,600 Drawings... 7,200 11,800 S. Woods, Capital, December \$22,200 WOODS COMPANY Balance Sheet December 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$ 8,200 Accounts receivable... 7,500 Prepaid insurance... 1,800 Total current assets... 17,500 Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... \$28,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 8,600 19,400 Total assets... \$36,

41 PROBLEM 4-3A (Continued) WOODS COMPANY Balance Sheet (Continued) December 31, 2008 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Accounts payable... \$11,700 Salaries payable... 3,000 Total current liabilities... 14,700 Owner s equity S. Woods, Capital... 22,200 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$36,900 (b) General Journal Date Account Titles Ref. Debit Credit Dec. 31 Service Revenue ,000 Income Summary , Income Summary... Repair Expense... Depreciation Expense... Insurance Expense... Salaries Expense... Utilities Expense ,600 5,400 2,800 1,200 35,200 4, S. Woods, Capital... Income Summary ,600 4, S. Woods, Capital... S. Woods, Drawing ,200 7,

42 PROBLEM 4-3A (Continued) (c) S. Woods, Capital No /31 4,600 12/31 Bal. 34,000 12/31 7,200 12/31 Bal. 22,200 S. Woods, Drawing No /31 Bal. 7,200 12/31 7,200 Income Summary No /31 48,600 12/31 44,000 12/31 4,600 48,600 48,600 Repair Expense No /31 Bal. 5,400 12/31 5,400 Depreciation Expense No /31 Bal. 2,800 12/31 2,800 Insurance Expense No /31 Bal. 1,200 12/31 1,200 Salaries Expense No /31 Bal. 35,200 12/31 35,200 Service Revenue No /31 44,000 12/31 Bal. 44,000 Utilities Expense No /31 Bal. 4,000 12/31 4,000 (d) WOODS COMPANY Post-Closing Trial Balance December 31, 2008 Debit Credit Cash... \$ 8,200 Accounts Receivable... 7,500 Prepaid Insurance... 1,800 Equipment... 28,000 Accumulated Depreciation... \$ 8,600 Accounts Payable... 11,700 Salaries Payable... 3,000 S. Woods, Capital... 22,200 Totals \$45,500 \$45,

43 PROBLEM 4-4A 4-43 (a) DISNEY AMUSEMENT PARK Worksheet For the Year Ended September 30, 2008 Account Titles Trial Balance Adjustments Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Cash Supplies Prepaid Insurance Land Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Accounts Payable Unearned Admissions Revenue Mortgage Note Payable L. Disney, Capital L. Disney, Drawing Admissions Revenue Salaries Expense Repair Expense Advertising Expense Utilities Expense Property Taxes Expense Interest Expense Totals Insurance Expense Supplies Expense Interest Payable Depreciation Expense Property Taxes Payable Totals Net Income Totals 41,400 18,600 31,900 80, ,000 14, ,000 30,500 9,400 16,900 18,000 6, ,700 36,200 14,600 3,700 50, , , ,700 (d) 1,700 (e) 3,000 (f) 4,000 (b) 23,000 (a) 17,400 (c) 6,000 55,100 (a) 17,400 (b) 23,000 (c) 6,000 (d) 1,700 (f) 4,000 (e) 3,000 55,100 41,400 1,200 8,900 80, ,000 14, ,000 30,500 9,400 16,900 21,000 10,000 23,000 17,400 6, ,700 42,200 14,600 2,000 50, , ,200 4,000 3, , ,000 30,500 9,400 16,900 21,000 10,000 23,000 17,400 6, ,200 40, , , , ,200 41,400 1,200 8,900 80, ,000 14, , ,500 42,200 14,600 2,000 50, ,700 4,000 3, ,500 40, ,500 Key: (a) Supplies Used; (b) Expired Insurance; (c) Depreciation Expensed; (d) Admissions Revenue Earned; (e) Accrued Property Taxes; (f) Accrued Interest Payable.

44 PROBLEM 4-4A (Continued) (b) DISNEY AMUSEMENT PARK Balance Sheet September 30, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$ 41,400 Supplies... 1,200 Prepaid insurance... 8,900 Total current assets... 51,500 Property, plant, and equipment Land... \$80,000 Equipment... \$120,000 Less: Accum. depreciation... 42,200 77, ,800 Total assets... \$209,300 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Current maturity of mortgage note payable... \$ 10,000 Accounts payable... 14,600 Interest payable... 4,000 Property taxes payable... 3,000 Unearned admissions revenue... 2,000 Total current liabilities... 33,600 Long-term liabilities Mortgage note payable... 40,000 Total liabilities... 73,600 Owner s equity L. Disney, Capital (\$109,700 + \$40,000 \$14,000) ,700 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$209,

45 PROBLEM 4-4A (Continued) (c) Sept. 30 Supplies Expense... 17,400 Supplies... 17, Insurance Expense... 23,000 Prepaid Insurance... 23, Depreciation Expense... 6,000 Accumulated Depreciation... 6, Unearned Admissions Revenue... 1,700 Admissions Revenue... 1, Property Taxes Expense... 3,000 Property Taxes Payable... 3, Interest Expense... 4,000 Interest Payable... 4,000 (d) Sept. 30 Admissions Revenue ,200 Income Summary , Income Summary ,200 Salaries Expense ,000 Repair Expense... 30,500 Insurance Expense... 23,000 Property Taxes Expense... 21,000 Supplies Expense... 17,400 Utilities Expense... 16,900 Interest Expense... 10,000 Advertising Expense... 9,400 Depreciation Expense... 6, Income Summary... 40,000 L. Disney, Capital... 40, L. Disney, Capital... 14,000 L. Disney, Drawing... 14,

46 PROBLEM 4-4A (Continued) (e) DISNEY AMUSEMENT PARK Post-Closing Trial Balance September 30, 2008 Debit Credit Cash... \$ 41,400 Supplies... 1,200 Prepaid Insurance... 8,900 Land... 80,000 Equipment ,000 Accumulated Depreciation... \$ 42,200 Accounts Payable... 14,600 Interest Payable... 4,000 Property Taxes Payable... 3,000 Unearned Admissions Revenue... 2,000 Mortgage Note Payable... 50,000 L. Disney, Capital ,700 \$251,500 \$251,

47 PROBLEM 4-5A (a) General Journal J1 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Mar. 1 Cash ,000 L. Eddy, Capital ,000 1 Equipment ,000 Cash ,000 Accounts Payable ,000 3 Cleaning Supplies ,200 Accounts Payable ,200 5 Prepaid Insurance ,200 Cash , Accounts Receivable ,800 Service Revenue , Accounts Payable ,000 Cash , Salaries Expense ,800 Cash , Cash ,400 Accounts Receivable , Accounts Receivable ,500 Service Revenue , Gas & Oil Expense Cash L. Eddy, Drawing Cash

48 (b) & (c) EDDY S CARPET CLEANERS Worksheet For the Month Ended March 31, 2008 Account Titles Trial Balance Adjustments Cash Accounts Receivable Cleaning Supplies Prepaid Insurance Equipment Accounts Payable L. Eddy, Capital L. Eddy, Drawing Service Revenue Gas & Oil Expense Salaries Expense Totals Depreciation Expense Accum. Depr. Equipment Insurance Expense Cleaning Supplies Expense Salaries Payable Totals Net Income Totals Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. 2,500 5,900 1,200 1,200 6, ,800 19,500 2,200 10,000 7,300 19,500 (a) 700 (e) 500 (b) 250 (c) 100 (d) 800 2,350 (d) 800 (c) 100 (a) 700 (b) 250 (e) 500 2,350 2,500 6, ,100 6, , ,950 2,200 10,000 8, , , ,650 4,350 8,000 8,000 8,000 8,000 2,500 6, ,100 6, ,300 17,300 2,200 10, ,950 4,350 17,300 Key: (a) Service Revenue Earned; (b) Depreciation Expensed; (c) Insurance Expired; (d) Cleaning Supplies Used; (e) Unpaid Salaries. PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) 4-48

49 PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) (a), (e) & (f) Cash No. 101 Mar. 1 J1 10,000 10,000 1 J1 3,000 7,000 5 J1 1,200 5, J1 2,000 3, J1 1,800 2, J1 1,400 3, J , J ,500 Accounts Receivable No. 112 Mar. 14 J1 4,800 4, J1 1,400 3, J1 2,500 5, Adjusting J ,600 Cleaning Supplies No. 128 Mar. 3 J1 1,200 1, Adjusting J Prepaid Insurance No. 130 Mar. 5 J1 1,200 1, Adjusting J ,100 Equipment No. 157 Mar. 1 J1 6,000 6,

50 PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) Accumulated Depreciation Equipment No. 158 Mar. 31 Adjusting J Accounts Payable No. 201 Mar. 1 J1 3,000 3,000 3 J1 1,200 4, J1 2,000 2,200 Salaries Payable No. 212 Mar. 31 Adjusting J L. Eddy, Capital No. 301 Mar. 1 J1 10,000 10, Closing J3 4,350 14, Closing J ,650 L. Eddy, Drawing No. 306 Mar. 31 J Closing J Income Summary No. 350 Mar. 31 Closing J3 8,000 8, Closing J3 3,650 4, Closing J3 4,

51 PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) Service Revenue No. 400 Mar. 14 J1 4,800 4, J1 2,500 7, Adjusting J , Closing J3 8,000 0 Gas & Oil Expense No. 633 Mar. 31 J Closing J Cleaning Supplies Expense No. 634 Mar. 31 Adjusting J Closing J Depreciation Expense No. 711 Mar. 31 Adjusting J Closing J Insurance Expense No. 722 Mar. 31 Adjusting J Closing J Salaries Expense No. 726 Mar. 20 J1 1,800 1, Adjusting J , Closing J3 2,

52 PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) (d) EDDY S CARPET CLEANERS Income Statement For the Month Ended March 31, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$8,000 Expenses Salaries expense... \$2,300 Cleaning supplies expense Depreciation expense Gas & oil expense Insurance expense Total expenses... 3,650 Net income... \$4,350 EDDY S CARPET CLEANERS Owner s Equity Statement For the Month Ended March 31, 2008 L. Eddy, Capital, March 1... \$ 0 Add: Investments... \$10,000 Net income... 4,350 14,350 14,350 Less: Drawings L. Eddy, Capital, March \$13,650 EDDY S CARPET CLEANERS Balance Sheet March 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$ 2,500 Accounts receivable... 6,600 Cleaning supplies Prepaid insurance... 1,100 Total current assets... 10,

53 PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) EDDY S CARPET CLEANERS Balance Sheet (Continued) March 31, 2008 Assets (Continued) Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... \$6,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation ,750 Total assets... \$16,350 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 2,200 Salaries payable Total current liabilities... 2,700 Owner s equity L. Eddy, Capital... 13,650 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$16,350 (e) General Journal J2 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Mar. 31 Accounts Receivable Service Revenue Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance Cleaning Supplies Expense Cleaning Supplies Salaries Expense Salaries Payable

54 PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued) (f) General Journal J3 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Mar. 31 Service Revenue ,000 Income Summary , Income Summary ,650 Salaries Expense ,300 Depreciation Expense Insurance Expense Cleaning Supplies Expense Gas & Oil Expense Income Summary ,350 L. Eddy, Capital , L. Eddy, Capital L. Eddy, Drawing (g) EDDY S CARPET CLEANERS Post-Closing Trial Balance March 31, 2008 Debit Credit Cash... \$ 2,500 Accounts Receivable... 6,600 Cleaning Supplies Prepaid Insurance... 1,100 Equipment... 6,000 Accumulated Depreciation Equipment... \$ 250 Accounts Payable... 2,200 Salaries Payable L. Eddy, Capital... 13, ,000 \$16,600 \$16,

55 (a) (1) INCORRECT ENTRY (2) CORRECT ENTRY (3) CORRECTING ENTRY 1. Cash... Accts. Receivable Cash... Accts. Receivable Accounts Receivable... Cash Misc. Expense... Cash Advertising Expense... Cash Advertising Expense... Misc. Expense Salaries Expense... Cash... 1,900 1,900 Salaries Expense... Salaries Payable... Cash... 1, ,900 Salaries Payable... Salaries Expense Supplies... Accounts Payable Equipment... Accounts Payable Equipment... Supplies Equipment... Cash Repair Expense... Cash Repair Expense... Cash... Equipment PROBLEM 4-6A 4-55

56 PROBLEM 4-6A (Continued) (b) FOX CABLE Trial Balance April 30, 2008 Debit Credit Cash (\$4,100 \$270 \$36)... \$ 3,794 Accounts Receivable (\$3,200 + \$270)... 3,470 Supplies (\$800 \$290) Equipment (\$10,600 + \$290 \$59)... 10,831 Accumulated Depreciation... \$ 1,350 Accounts Payable... 2,100 Salaries Payable (\$700 \$700)... 0 Unearned Revenue A. Manion, Capital... 12,900 Service Revenue... 5,450 Salaries Expense (\$3,300 \$700)... 2,600 Advertising Expense (\$600 + \$65) Miscellaneous Expense (\$290 \$65) Repair Expense Depreciation Expense \$22,690 \$22,

57 (a) EVERLAST ROOFING Worksheet For the Month Ended March 31, 2008 Account Titles Trial Balance Adjustments Cash Accounts Receivable Roofing Supplies Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Accounts Payable Unearned Revenue J. Watt, Capital J. Watt, Drawing Service Revenue Salaries Expense Miscellaneous Expense Totals Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense Salaries Payable Totals Net Income Totals Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. 2,500 1,800 1,100 6, , , ,000 3,500 12,900 (c) 170 (d) 350 (a) 860 (b) 200 1,580 (a) 860 (b) 200 (c) 170 (d) 350 1,580 2,500 1, , , , , ,000 3, ,450 1, ,310 1,360 3,670 3,670 3,670 3,670 2,500 1, , ,140 11, , , ,780 1,360 11,140 Key: (a) Supplies Used; (b) Depreciation Expensed; (c) Service Revenue Earned; (d) Salaries Accrued. PROBLEM 4-1B 4-57

58 PROBLEM 4-1B (Continued) (b) EVERLAST ROOFING Income Statement For the Month Ended March 31, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$3,670 Expenses Salaries expense... \$1,050 Supplies expense Depreciation expense Miscellaneous expense Total expenses... 2,310 Net income... \$1,360 EVERLAST ROOFING Owner s Equity Statement For the Month Ended March 31, 2008 J. Watt, Capital, March 1... \$7,000 Add: Net income... 1,360 8,360 Less: Drawings J. Watt, Capital, March \$7,760 EVERLAST ROOFING Balance Sheet March 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$2,500 Accounts receivable... 1,800 Roofing supplies Total current assets... 4,540 Property, plant, and equipment Equipment... \$6,000 Less: Accum. depreciation equipment ,100 Total assets... \$9,

59 PROBLEM 4-1B (Continued) EVERLAST ROOFING Balance Sheet (Continued) March 31, 2008 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Accounts payable... \$1,400 Salaries payable Unearned revenue Total current liabilities... 1,880 Owner s equity J. Watt, Capital... 7,760 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$9,640 (c) Mar. 31 Supplies Expense Roofing Supplies Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Unearned Revenue Service Revenue Salaries Expense Salaries Payable (d) Mar. 31 Service Revenue... 3,670 Income Summary... 3, Income Summary... 2,310 Salaries Expense... 1,050 Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense Miscellaneous Expense Income Summary... 1,360 J. Watt, Capital... 1, J. Watt, Capital J. Watt, Drawing

60 PROBLEM 4-2B (a) SPARKS COMPANY Partial Worksheet For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 Account Adjusted Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet No. Titles Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. 101 Cash 11,600 11, Accounts Receivable 15,400 15, Supplies 2,000 2, Prepaid Insurance 2,800 2, Office Equipment 34,000 34, Acc. Depr. Off. Equip. 8,000 8, Notes Payable 20,000 20, Accounts Payable 9,000 9, Salaries Payable 3,500 3, Interest Payable B. Sparks, Capital 25,000 25, B. Sparks, Drawing 10,000 10, Service Revenue 85,000 85, Advertising Expense 12,000 12, Supplies Expense 5,700 5, Depreciation Expense 8,000 8, Insurance Expense 5,000 5, Salaries Expense 44,000 44, Interest Expense Totals 151, ,300 75,500 85,000 75,800 66,300 Net Income 9,500 9,500 Totals 85,000 85,000 75,800 75,

61 PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued) (b) SPARKS COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 Revenues Service revenue... \$85,000 Expenses Salaries expense... \$44,000 Advertising expense... 12,000 Depreciation expense... 8,000 Supplies expense... 5,700 Insurance expense... 5,000 Interest expense Total expenses... 75,500 Net income... \$ 9,500 SPARKS COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2008 B. Sparks, Capital, January 1... \$25,000 Add: Net income... 9,500 34,500 Less: Drawings... 10,000 B. Sparks, Capital, December \$24,

62 PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued) SPARKS COMPANY Balance Sheet December 31, 2008 Assets Current assets Cash... \$11,600 Accounts receivable... 15,400 Supplies... 2,000 Prepaid insurance... 2,800 Total current assets... 31,800 Property, plant, and equipment Office equipment... \$34,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 8,000 26,000 Total assets... \$57,800 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Current liabilities Notes payable... \$10,000 Accounts payable... 9,000 Salaries payable... 3,500 Interest payable Total current liabilities... 23,300 Long-term liabilities Notes payable... 10,000 Total liabilities... 33,300 Owner s equity B. Sparks, Capital... 24,500 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$57,

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