1 Chapter 6: Closing Entries and the Postclosing Trial Chapter Opener: Thinking Critically Students should recognize that financial statements can be used to evaluate net profit or loss, return on investments, expense trends, or growth in company net assets. The income statement is used to measure net income or loss, while the balance sheet can be used to measure growth in assets or liabilities. Executives and managers would use financial statements to make decisions about expanding business, investing in new ventures, or hiring new employees. Fast Facts Carnival has 27,000 employees, 24,000 of these employees work on board the company s fleet of 20 cruise ships. Of the 3 million passengers Carnival serves annually, approximately 1,000,000 are seniors and 500,000 are children. Carnival became a publicly traded company in In 2003, Carnival Corporation merged with P & O Princess Cruises PLC, creating a global vacation leader with 12 brands encompassing 66 ships and more than 100,000 lower berths, making it one of the largest leisure travel companies in the world. Accounting on the Job: Thinking Critically Students responses will vary. A strong understanding of accounting procedures and tasks would be beneficial to this professional. A computer science degree, along with several years of programming experience, good communication skills, and excellent problem-solving abilities would also be helpful. Accounting on the Job: Internet Application Students can go to and Job opportunities selected by students will vary. Answers should include the job title, job description, education, and skill requirements. Managerial Implications Answers will vary but could include monthly or quarterly. Students should want financial statements frequently so that trends can be observed and timely decisions made before the business is negatively impacted. Discussion Questions These questions are designed to check the students understanding of the new terms, concepts, and procedures presented in the chapter. 1. Worksheet 2. s of revenue and expense accounts are transferred to Income Summary. Next the balance of the Income Summary account is transferred to the owner s equity account. 3. Transfer results of operations to the owner s capital account; Reduce balances of revenue, expense, and drawing accounts to zero 4. Adjustments columns of the worksheet 5. Journalize and post adjusting entries; Journalize and post closing entries; Prepare a postclosing trial balance 6. Source document info to general journal, to general ledger, to worksheet, to financial statements 7. (1) analyze (2) journalize (3) post (4) prepare worksheet (5) prepare financial statements (6) journalize and post adjusting entries (7) journalize and post closing entries (8) prepare postclosing trial balance (9) interpret financial information. 8. Steps to classify, record, and summarize financial data 9. Asset, liability, and owner s capital 10. Avoids errors, proves total debits and credits are equal after the closing process. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 93
2 Exercises Exercise 6.1 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Dec. 31 Fees Income ,000 Income Summary , Income Summary ,800 Salaries Expense ,000 Utilities Expense ,200 Supplies Expense ,000 Telephone Expense ,600 Depreciation Expense , Income Summary ,200 Eugene Henderson, Capital , Eugene Henderson, Capital ,000 Eugene Henderson, Drawing ,000 Exercise Analyze transactions. 2. Journalize the transactions. 3. Post the journal entries. 4. Prepare a worksheet. 5. Prepare financial statements. 6. Record adjusting entries. 7. Record closing entries. 8. Prepare a postclosing trial balance. 9. Interpret the financial information. Exercise Cash 2. Accounts Receivable 3. Supplies 4. Equipment 5. Accumulated Depreciation 6. Accounts Payable 7. Jane Nelson, Capital Exercise E 2. B 3. I 4. B 5. B 6. I 7. B 8. B 9. I 10. B 11. B, E 12. I, E 13. B 14. I 15. B Exercise Total revenue for the period is $23, Total expenses for the period are $15, Net income for the period is $8, Owner s withdrawals for the period are $3, Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
3 Exercise 6.6 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Mar. 31 Fees Income ,000 Income Summary , Income Summary ,290 Depreciation Expense Equipment ,040 Insurance Expense ,800 Rent Expense ,400 Salaries Expense ,800 Supplies Expense ,950 Telephone Expense ,700 Utilities Expense , Income Summary ,710 Dennis Ortiz, Capital , Dennis Ortiz, Capital ,000 Dennis Ortiz, Drawing ,000 GENERAL LEDGER ACCOUNT Dennis Ortiz, Capital ACCOUNT NO. 301 Mar , Closing J4 34,710 93, Closing J4 3,000 90,510 ACCOUNT Dennis Ortiz, Drawing ACCOUNT NO. 302 Mar. 31 3, Closing J4 3,000 0 ACCOUNT Income Summary ACCOUNT NO. 399 Mar. 31 Closing J4 138, , Closing J4 103,290 34, Closing J4 34,710 0 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 95
4 ACCOUNT Fees Income ACCOUNT NO. 401 Mar , Closing J4 138,000 0 ACCOUNT Depreciation Expense Equipment ACCOUNT NO. 510 Mar. 31 5, Closing J4 5,040 0 ACCOUNT Insurance Expense ACCOUNT NO. 511 Mar. 31 4, Closing J4 4,800 0 ACCOUNT Rent Expense ACCOUNT NO. 514 Mar , Closing J4 14,400 0 ACCOUNT Salaries Expense ACCOUNT NO. 517 Mar , Closing J4 70,800 0 ACCOUNT Supplies Expense ACCOUNT NO. 518 Mar. 31 1, Closing J4 1, Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
5 ACCOUNT Telephone Expense ACCOUNT NO. 519 Mar. 31 2, Closing J4 2,700 0 ACCOUNT Utilities Expense ACCOUNT NO. 523 Mar. 31 3, Closing J4 3,600 0 Exercise 6.7 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Dec. 31 Herman Victoria, Capital ,000 Income Summary , Herman Victoria, Capital ,000 Herman Victoria, Drawing ,000 The new balance of Herman Victoria, Capital is $54,000. ($84,000 $27,000 $3,000) Exercise 6.8 Analyze Transactions Journalize Transactions Post Transactions Prepare a Worksheet Prepare Financial Statements Record Adjusting Entries Record Closing Entries Prepare Postclosing Trial Interpret Financial Information Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 97
6 Problems Problem 6.1A GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 3 Adjusting Entries Jan. 31 Supplies Expense Supplies Rent Expense ,000 Prepaid Rent , Depreciation Expense Office Equipment ,120 Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment ,120 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Jan. 31 Fees Income ,000 Income Summary , Income Summary ,200 Salaries Expense ,200 Utilities Expense Telephone Expense Travel Expense ,920 Supplies Expense Rent Expense ,000 Depreciation Expense Office Equipment , Income Summary ,800 Lou Pelton, Capital , Lou Pelton, Capital ,800 Lou Pelton, Drawing ,800 Analyze: Credit the drawing account; debit the capital account. 98 Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
7 Problem 6.2A GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 3 Adjusting Entries Dec. 31 Supplies Expense Supplies Advertising Expense Prepaid Advertising Depreciation Expense Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Equipment GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Dec. 31 Fees Income ,750 Income Summary , Income Summary ,000 Salaries Expense ,600 Utilities Expense Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense Equipment Advertising Expense Income Summary ,750 Connie Youngblood, Capital , Connie Youngblood, Capital ,100 Connie Youngblood, Drawing ,100 GENERAL LEDGER ACCOUNT Supplies ACCOUNT NO. 121 Dec. 31 1, Adjusting J ACCOUNT Prepaid Advertising ACCOUNT NO. 131 Dec. 31 6, Adjusting J ,250 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 99
24 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 3 Adjusting Entries Jun. 30 Supplies Expense Supplies Depreciation Expense Computers Accumulated Depreciation Computers GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Jun. 30 Fees Income ,650 Income Summary , Income Summary ,255 Salaries Expense ,575 Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense Computers Travel Expense ,800 Utilities Expense Income Summary ,395 Finley Graves, Capital , Finley Graves, Capital ,000 Finley Graves, Drawing ,000 GENERAL LEDGER ACCOUNT Supplies ACCOUNT NO. 121 Jun. 30 5, Adjusting J ,350 ACCOUNT Computers ACCOUNT NO. 131 Jun. 30 9, Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
25 ACCOUNT Accumulated Depreciation Computers ACCOUNT NO. 142 Jun Adjusting J3 80 1,040 ACCOUNT Finley Graves, Capital ACCOUNT NO. 301 Jun , Closing J4 6,395 27, Closing J4 4,000 23,140 ACCOUNT Finley Graves, Drawing ACCOUNT NO. 302 Jun. 30 4, Closing J4 4,000 0 ACCOUNT Income Summary ACCOUNT NO. 399 Jun. 30 Closing J4 22,650 22, Closing J4 16,255 6, Closing J4 6,395 0 ACCOUNT Fees Income ACCOUNT NO. 401 Jun , Closing J4 22,650 0 ACCOUNT Salaries Expense ACCOUNT NO. 511 Jun , Closing J4 12,575 0 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 117
26 ACCOUNT Utilities Expense ACCOUNT NO. 514 Jun Closing J ACCOUNT Supplies Expense ACCOUNT NO. 517 Jun. 30 Adjusting J Closing J ACCOUNT Travel Expense ACCOUNT NO. 519 Jun. 30 1, Closing J4 1,800 0 ACCOUNT Depreciation Expense Computers ACCOUNT NO. 523 Jun. 30 Adjusting J Closing J FINLEY GRAVES, CPA Postclosing Trial June 30, Account Name Debit Credit Cash ,650 Accounts Receivable ,780 Supplies ,350 Computers ,600 Accumulated Depreciation Computers.. 1,040 Accounts Payable ,200 Finley Graves, Capital ,140 Totals ,380 28,380 Analyze: Net Income for Finley Graves, CPA for the month of June was $6, Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
27 Challenge Problem THE BARBER SHOP Worksheet Month Ended December 31, Adjusted Income Trial Adjustments Trial Statement Sheet Account Name Debit Credit Debit Credit Debit Credit Debit Credit Debit Credit Cash 40,800 40,800 40,800 Accounts Receivable 9,000 9,000 9,000 Supplies 7,200 (a) 3,600 3,600 3,600 Prepaid Insurance 10,800 (b) 2,400 8,400 8,400 Machinery 84,000 84,000 84,000 Accumulated Depreciation Machinery (c) 1,200 1,200 1,200 Accounts Payable 13,500 13,500 13,500 Tommy Brooks, Capital 74,580 74,580 74,580 Tommy Brooks, Drawing 6,000 6,000 6,000 Fees Income 82,500 82,500 82,500 Supplies Expense (a) 3,600 3,600 3,600 Insurance Expense (b) 2,400 2,400 2,400 Salaries Expense 11,100 11,100 11,100 Depreciation Expense Machinery (c) 1,200 1,200 1,200 Utilities Expense 1,680 1,680 1,680 Totals 170, ,580 7,200 7, , ,780 19,980 82, ,800 89,280 Net Income 62,520 62,520 82,500 82, , ,800 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 119
28 THE BARBER SHOP Income Statement Month Ended December 31, Revenue Fees Income ,500 Expenses Supplies Expense ,600 Insurance Expense ,400 Salaries Expense ,100 Depreciation Expense Machinery ,200 Utilities Expense ,680 Total Expenses ,980 Net Income ,520 THE BARBER SHOP Statement of Owner s Equity Month Ended December 31, Tommy Brooks, Capital, December 1, 74,580 Net Income for December ,520 Less Withdrawals for December ,000 Increase in Capital ,520 Tommy Brooks, Capital, December 31, 131,100 THE BARBER SHOP Sheet December 31, Assets Cash ,800 Accounts Receivable ,000 Supplies ,600 Prepaid Insurance ,400 Machinery ,000 Accumulated Depreciation Machinery... 1,200 82,800 Total Assets ,600 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts Payable ,500 Owner s Equity Tommy Brooks, Capital ,100 Total Liabilities and Owner s Equity , Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
29 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 3 Adjusting Entries Dec. 31 Supplies Expense ,600 Supplies , Insurance Expense ,400 Prepaid Insurance , Depreciation Expense Machinery ,200 Accumulated Depreciation Machinery ,200 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Closing Entries Dec. 31 Fees Income ,500 Income Summary , Income Summary ,980 Supplies Expense ,600 Insurance Expense ,400 Salaries Expense ,100 Depreciation Expense Machinery ,200 Utilities Expense , Income Summary ,520 Tommy Brooks, Capital , Tommy Brooks, Capital ,000 Tommy Brooks, Drawing ,000 THE BARBER SHOP Postclosing Trial December 31, Account Name Debit Credit Cash ,800 Accounts Receivable ,000 Supplies ,600 Prepaid Insurance ,400 Machinery ,000 Accumulated Depreciation Machinery... 1,200 Accounts Payable ,500 Tommy Brooks, Capital ,100 Totals , ,800 Analyze: The net income would be $67,320. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 121
30 Critical Thinking Problem 1. Strutton made the following errors preparing the closing entries: a. Accumulated Depreciation and Accounts Payable are permanent accounts that continue from accounting period to accounting period and, consequently, are not closed. b. The Drawing account is not an expense account to be closed to Income Summary but is a reduction of equity and is closed directly to the Capital account. 2. GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 15 Dec. 31 Brenda Powell, Capital ,500 Accumulated Depreciation ,500 Accounts Payable ,000 To correct errors made in closing entries The proof of this entry is: Fees Income ,000 Expenses: Salaries Expense ,000 Supplies Expense ,000 Depreciation Expense ,400 85,400 Net Income ,600 Withdrawals (7,000) Increase in Capital ,600 Capital, Beginning ,000 Capital, Ending ,600 Capital balance per Strutton s entries.. 97,100 Less debit from correcting entry (41,500) Corrected ending Capital balance ,600 Note: It is not necessary to make an entry to correct the closing of the Drawing account to the Income Summary account. Closing the Drawing account to the Income Summary account, which in turn was closed to the Capital account, results in reducing the Capital account by the amount of the withdrawals. So, while incorrect, Strutton s entry with regard to Drawing achieves the correct end result. 3. The balance of the Capital account after closing entries have been posted must agree with the ending Capital balance as shown on the statement of owner s equity. Posting the entry closing the Income Summary account increases the Capital account by the amount of the net income (or decreases it by the amount of a net loss), while posting the entry closing the Drawing account decreases the Capital account. These postings reflect the same changes to Capital that are shown on the statement of owner s equity and on the balance sheet, and, therefore, the ending Capital amount must be the same for both. Note that the errors James made in preparing the closing entries would not be revealed by the postclosing trial balance. Since each entry Strutton made had equal debits and credits, the postclosing trial balance would be in balance. The errors would not become evident until the next year when postings were made to the Accumulated Depreciation and Accounts Payable accounts or when the ledger account balances were compared to the balance sheet amounts. 122 Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
31 Business Connections Managerial Focus 1. No. A thorough analysis of the components of the income statement would reveal how costs directly impact net income. The balance sheet helps determine the amount of the firm s assets and its liquidity, liabilities, and equity. 2. Current assets compared with current liabilities. 3. Timely preparation of financial statements, future planning, prompt payment of debts, developing effective credit policies. 4. The income statement might help determine the adequacy of profit, how to improve revenue and hold down expenses, how to reduce expenses without decreasing revenue, and how to even out the business operating cycle. sheet data might influence decisions concerning growth of equity, the return on investment, adequacy of the firm s assets, whether collections on accounts receivable should be accelerated, and whether more capital is needed. Ethical Dilemma You should wait to verify the invoice is an actual invoice. At the end of the year Miscellaneous Expense will be closed and the $1,000 expense will be in the previous year and not given the verification it so badly needs. Streetwise 1. Answers will vary, but permanent accounts may include Cash and Cash Equivalents, Short-Term Investments, Receivables, etc. Temporary accounts include Sales, Selling and Store Operating Expenses, Interest and Investment Income. 2. Dr. Inc. Summ., $16,504 million; Cr. Selling and Store Operating, $15,105 million; credit General and Administrative, $1,399 million. Financial Statement Analysis 1. Dr. Inc. Summ., $6,805,000,000; Cr. Labor and Fringe, $2,740,000,000; Cr. Materials, $1,627,000,000; Cr. Conrail Fees, Rents, and Services, $342,000,000; Cr. Building and Equipment, Rent, $566,000,000; Cr. Inland Trans., $320,000,000; Cr. Depreciation, $629,000,000; Cr. Rent, $581,000, Dr. Surface Transportation Revenue, $7,439,000,000; Dr. International Terminals, $226,000,000; Dr. Other, $128,000,000; Cr. Inc. Summ., $7,793,000,000 Analyze Online: Answers will vary depending on the year. Extending the Thought Answers will vary. Students may suggest that skipping the preparation of the worksheet will increase the chance for errors in the accounting records. Business Communication Students reports will vary. Students should demonstrate an understanding of the types of accounts that should be closed at the end of an accounting period. Team Work 1) Analyze transactions, 2) journalize the data about transactions, 3) post the data about transactions, 4) prepare a worksheet, 5) prepare financial statements, 6) record adjusting entries, 7) record closing entries, 8) prepare a postclosing trial balance, and 9) interpret the financial information. Internet Connection Two years full time experience, pass a national exam, and sign a Code of Ethics. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 123
32 Practice Test Answer Key Part A 1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. T 7. F 8. T 9. F 10. F Part B 1. a 2. b 3. e 4. c 5. d True False Matching 124 Chapter 6 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
33 Mini-Practice Set 1: Service Business Accounting Cycle GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 3 Jan. 2 Supplies ,500 Cash ,500 Bought supplies for cash, Check Prepaid Insurance ,600 Cash ,600 Purchased one year of insurance, Check Cash ,800 Accounts Receivable ,575 Fees Income ,375 Performed services for cash and on account 12 Cash Accounts Receivable Received cash on account 12 Advertising Expense ,850 Cash ,850 Paid for advertising on radio, Check Cash ,000 Accounts Receivable ,000 Received cash on account 14 Cash Supplies Returned damaged supplies for cash refund 15 Cash ,050 Accounts Receivable ,590 Fees Income ,640 Performed services for cash & on account Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Mini-Practice Set 1 125
34 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 4 Jan. 20 Supplies ,700 Accounts Payable ,700 Bought supplies on account 20 Cash ,950 Accounts Receivable ,670 Fees Income ,620 Performed services for cash & on account 20 Cash ,450 Accounts Receivable ,450 Received cash on account 21 Maintenance Expense ,275 Cash ,275 Paid cash for equipment maintenance, Check Advertising Expense ,568 Cash ,568 Paid cash for newspaper ads, Check Telephone Expense Cash Paid monthly telephone bill, Check Cash ,690 Accounts Receivable ,690 Received cash on account 27 Accounts Payable ,000 Cash ,000 Made payment to creditor, Check Utilities Expense Cash Paid monthly utility bill, Check Mini-Practice Set 1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
35 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 5 Jan. 29 Cash ,870 Accounts Receivable ,530 Fees Income ,400 Performed services for cash & on account 31 Salaries Expense ,500 Cash ,500 Paid monthly salaries, Checks Jason Taylor, Drawing ,000 Cash ,000 Owner withdrew cash for personal use, Check Maintenance Expense Cash Paid for monthly maintenance services, Check Equipment ,000 Cash ,500 Accounts Payable ,500 Bought equipment for cash and on account, Check Cash ,350 Accounts Receivable ,300 Fees Income ,650 Performed services for cash and on account Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Mini-Practice Set 1 127
36 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE 6 Adjusting Entries Jan. 31 Supplies Expense ,172 Supplies , Insurance Expense Prepaid insurance Rent Expense ,500 Prepaid Rent , Depreciation Expense Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Closing Entries 31 Fees Income ,685 Income Summary , Income Summary ,462 Salaries Expense ,500 Utilities Expense Supplies Expense ,172 Rent Expense ,500 Depreciation Expense Equipment Advertising Expense ,418 Maintenance Expense ,255 Telephone Expense Insurance Expense Income Summary ,223 Jason Taylor, Capital , Jason Taylor, Capital ,000 Jason Taylor, Drawing , Mini-Practice Set 1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
42 JT S CONSULTING SERVICES Worksheet Month Ended January 31, Adjusted Income Trial Adjustments Trial Statement Sheet Account Name Debit Credit Debit Credit Debit Credit Debit Credit Debit Credit Cash 106, , ,065 Accounts Receivable 7,575 7,575 7,575 Supplies 6,022 (a) 4,172 1,850 1,850 Prepaid Rent 3,500 (b) 3, Prepaid Insurance 3,600 (c) 300 3,300 3,300 Equipment 37,000 37,000 37,000 Accumulated Deprec. Equip. 367 (d) Accounts Payable 14,200 14,200 14,200 Jason Taylor, Capital 108, , ,633 Jason Taylor, Drawing 3,000 3,000 3,000 Income Summary Fees Income 64,685 64,685 64,685 Salaries Expense 12,500 12,500 12,500 Utilities Expense Supplies Expense (a) 4,172 4,172 4,172 Rent Expense (b) 3,500 3,500 3,500 Depreciation Expense Equip. (d) Insurance Expense (c) Advertising Expense 3,418 3,418 3,418 Telephone Expense Maintenance Expense 4,255 4,255 4,255 Totals 187, ,885 8,339 8, , ,252 29,462 64, , ,567 Net Income 35,223 35,223 64,685 64, , , Mini-Practice Set 1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
43 JT S CONSULTING SERVICES Income Statement Month Ended January 31, Revenue Fees Income ,685 Expenses Salaries Expense ,500 Utilities Expense Supplies Expense ,172 Rent Expense ,500 Depreciation Expense Equipment Insurance Expense Advertising Expense ,418 Telephone Expense Maintenance Expense ,255 Total Expenses ,462 Net Income ,223 JT S CONSULTING SERVICES Statement of Owner s Equity Month Ended January 31, Jason Taylor, Capital, January 1, ,633 Net Income for January ,223 Less Withdrawals for January ,000 Increase in Capital for January ,223 Jason Taylor, Capital, January 31, ,856 JT S CONSULTING SERVICES Postclosing Trial January 31, Account Name Debit Credit Cash ,065 Accounts Receivable ,575 Supplies ,850 Prepaid Insurance ,300 Equipment ,000 Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Accounts Payable ,200 Jason Taylor, Capital ,856 Totals , ,790 Analyze: Part A: Total assets increased by $39,423 ($155,056 $115,633). Total liabilities increased by $7,200 ($14,200 $7,000). Owner s capital increased by $32,223 ($140,856 $108,633). Part B: The balance of Cash increased by $22,565 ($106,065 $83,500). The balance of Accounts Receivable increased by $2,575 ($7,575 $5,000). Part C: Yes, the firm s financial position improved through the increases in capital of $32,223 ($140,856 $108,633). Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Mini-Practice Set 1 135
44 JT S CONSULTING SERVICES Sheet January 31, Assets Cash ,065 Accounts Receivable ,575 Supplies ,850 Prepaid Insurance ,300 Equipment ,000 Less Accumulated Depreciation Equipment ,266 Total Assets ,056 Liabilities & Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts Payable ,200 Owner s Equity Jason Taylor, Capital ,856 Total Liabilities & Owner s Equity , Mini-Practice Set 1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
pri30597_sm_ch06.qxd 8/2/08 1:24 PM Page 121 CHAPTER 6 Closing Entries and the Postclosing Trial Balance Chapter Opener: Students should recognize that financial statements can be used to evaluate Thinking
6-1 McGraw-Hill 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter Closing Entries and the Postclosing Trial Balance 6 Section 1: Closing Entries Section Objectives 1. Journalize and post
4-1 McGraw-Hill 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 4 The General Journal and the General Ledger Section 1: The General Journal Section Objectives 1. Record transactions in
13-1 McGraw-Hill 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Financial Statements and Closing Procedures Section 1: Preparing the Financial Statements Section Objectives 1. Prepare
1 Chapter 4 Completing the accounting cycle 2 Learning objectives 1. Prepare an accounting worksheet and describe its purpose 2. Prepare a classified balance sheet and explain the major headings 3. Explain
LESSON 8-1 Recording Adjusting Entries Adjustments were analyzed and planned on the work sheet These adjustments must be journalized, so they can be posted to the general ledger accounts Adjusting entries
Unit 2 The Basic Accounting Cycle Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Business Transactions and the Accounting Equation Transactions That Affect Assets, Liabilities, and
Accounting Basics, Part 2 The Accounting Cycle, T-Accounts, Trial Balance, and from Ledger to Trial Closing Balance Part 2 What s Here Introduction The Accounting Cycle T-Accounts Trial Balance Adjusting
Accounting 1 Semester 1 Final Exam Review Practice True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 1. Accounting is the language of business. 2. The relationship among assets, liabilities,
CHAPTER FOUR SE4-2 Revenue recognition a. Recognize revenue from car sales for 12,000. Notes receivable $12,000 Sales revenue $12,000 b. Do not recognize revenue until steel is shipped. c. Do not recognize
ACCT1115 Review Package - Midterm SOLUTION Fall 2013 Part I Multiple Choice 1) How should you record the purchase of an expensive automobile? a) Decrease cash, increase assets b) Decrease cash, increase
SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES SET B EXERCISE 4-1B GREEN COMPANY Worksheet For the Month Ended June 30, 2008 Account Titles Trial Balance Adjustments Adj. Trial Balance Income Statement Balance Sheet Dr. Cr. Dr.
CHAPTER 12 ACCRUALS, DEFERRALS, AND THE WORKSHEET Chapter Opener: Thinking Critically Students may assess that an unexpected decline in sales would mean surplus inventory which would have to be reduced
Mini-Practice Set 2 Merchandising Business Accounting Cycle The Fashion Rack The Fashion Rack is a retail merchandising business that sells brand-name clothing at discount prices. The firm is owned and
Chapter 5: Adjustments and the Worksheet Chapter Opener: Thinking Critically Students should suggest that accountants estimate the amount of wear and tear on the equipment. This expense should be charged
C H A P T E R Completing the Accounting Cycle AP Photo/Gregory Bull E L E C T R O N I C A R T S I N C. Most of us have had to file a personal tax return. At the beginning of the year, you estimate your
Chapter 13 - Financial Statements and Closing Procedures Chapter 13 Financial Statements and Closing Procedures TEACHING OBJECTIVES 13-1) Prepare a classified income statement from the worksheet. 13-2)
TRANSACTIONS ANALYSIS EXAMPLE Maxwell Partners Medical Diagnostic Services report the following information for 2011, their first year of operations: 1. Billings to clients for services provided: $350,000
Accounting Concept: A source document is prepared for each transaction Objective Evidence Accounting Concept: Business transactions are stated in numbers that have common values; that is, using a common
Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions LESSON 5 Summarizing Changes in Financial Position OBJECTIVES The purpose of this lesson is to show how to summarize the transactions
SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES BRIEF EXERCISE 4-1 1. Prepare a trial balance on the work sheet 2. Enter adjustment data 3. Enter adjusted balances 4. Enter adjusted balances in appropriate statement columns
1 Chapter 8 Mindy Boyd - HHS Recording Adjusting and Closing Entries for a Service Business 2 Vocabulary Words Chapter 8 Adjusting Entries = journal entries recorded to update general ledger accounts at
HOSP 1210 (Financial Acct) Learning Centre Completing the Accounting Cycle At the end of the accounting cycle, the final steps are to journalize and post closing entries and to prepare a post-closing trial
5 The Accounting Cycle Completed Adjusting, Closing, and Post-Closing Trial Balance THE BIG PICTURE You are planning your school schedule for next term. Your goal is to take a full course load and find
0 Learning Objectives: 14.1 Describe the important of accounting and financial information. 14.2 Differentiate between managerial and financial accounting. 14.3 Identify the six steps of the accounting
Chapter 5 Accounting for Merchandising Operations Purchase Transactions Purchaser records goods at cost. When goods are returned, purchaser reduces Inventory. On September 5, De La Hoya Company buys merchandise
CHAPTER 3 Accounting Cycle Analyze and record the transactions Post the transactions and prepare trial balance Adjust the accounts and prepare trial balance Prepare the financial statements Close the accounts
Chapter 17 Recording Adjusting and Closing Entries for a Partnership PARTIAL WORK SHEET SHOWING ADJUSTMENTS Lesson 17-1, page 431 ADJUSTING ENTRIES RECORDED IN A JOURNAL 2 1 5 3 4 6 1. Heading 4. Debit
THE BASIC MODEL The accounting information system is designed to collect and organize data into information that is useful for stakeholders. The Accounting Equation The basic accounting equation is what
Bennett S. LeBow College of Business Financial Accounting Professor Jane Kaplan Professor Notes Chapter 3 Adjusting the Accounts Measuring Revenues and Expenses o Accrual accounting is a form of accounting
Recap from Week 3 The Measurement of the Business Income The primary objective of accounting is measuring the net income of the businesses according to the generally accepted accounting principles. Net
Chapter 3 Accrual accounting concepts PowerPoint presentation by Anne Abraham University of Wollongong 2009 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd ACCRUAL VERSUS CASH BASIS OF ACCOUNTING Accrual-based accounting
Accounting for a 5 Merchandising Business ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS FOR GROUP LEARNING Q5-1 A merchandising business has a major revenue reduction called cost of goods sold. The computation of cost of goods
Vol. 1, Chapter 3 - Accounting Adjustments Problem 1 1. ($20,000 2,000) 48 = $375 per month 2. Jan. 31 Depreciation Expense $375 Accumulated Depreciation Van $375 To record depreciation expense for January
Unit 7 ACCOUNTING LIFEPAC 7 ADJUSTING & CLOSING ENTRIES CONTENTS I. ADJUSTING ENTRIES.............................. 3 The Purpose of the Worksheet....................... 3 The Need for Adjustments..........................
Name Baseline Assessment Date Accounting 1 Part 1: Instructions: Place a check mark under the column for each account to determine which Financial the accounts belongs on. Financial Information 1. Cash
Financial Accounting (Exam) Your AccountingCoach PRO membership includes lifetime access to all of our materials Take a quick tour by visiting wwwaccountingcoachcom/quicktour Table of Contents (click to
NEW YORK STATE ASSOCIATION FUTURE BUSINESS LEADERS OF AMERICA SPRING DISTRICT MEETING ACCOUNTING I 2010 TEST DIRECTIONS 1. Complete the information requested on the answer sheet. PRINT your name on the
5 The Accounting Cycle Completed T HE B IG P ICTURE Accountants have come a long way from the old stereotype of bean counter a pale figure with a green eyeshade who tends cloth-bound ledgers and journals
Unit 2 The Basic Accounting Cycle Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Business Transactions and the Accounting Equation Transactions That Affect Assets, Liabilities, and
NAU ACCOUNTING SKILLS ASSESSMENT PRACTICE EXAM & KEY 1. A company received cash and issued common stock. What was the effect on the accounting equation? Assets Liabilities Stockholders Equity A. + NE +
Closing the Books At the end of a fiscal year once all the transactions for the entity have been recorded, the revenue and expense accounts must be closed out to a zero balance. These accounts have been
Chapter 4 Do it! Susan Elbe is preparing a worksheet. Explain to Susan how she should extend the following adjusted trial balance accounts to the financial statement columns of the worksheet. Cash Accumulated
Advanced Accounting Chapter 4: Financial Reporting for a Departmentalized Business Financial statements are used to summarize financial info and then are used to evaluate the financial position and progress
Unit 1: Accounting for a Service Business Organized as a Proprietorship (Chapters 2 10) I. Analyzing Business Transactions A. Effect of business transactions on the fundamental accounting equation B. Principles
CHAPTER 4 Adjusting the accounts and preparing financial statements CONTENTS Demonstration problem 4.1 Adjusting entries and corrections 4.2 Adjusting centries and effect on financial statements 4.3 Adjusting
Fundamentals of Financial Accounting CHAPTER I Accounting in action. What is accounting? Accounting is the recording of financial transactions plus storing, sorting, retrieving, summarizing, and presenting
CHAPTER 4 Completion of the Accounting Cycle ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE Study Objectives Questions Brief Exercises Exercises Problems Set A Problems Set B 1. Prepare closing entries and a postclosing
Gold Run Snowmobile 5 th Edition Adjusting Entries and Closing Entries For The Quarter Ended December 31 and the Final Project Evaluation Page 1 ADJUSTING ENTRIES FOR THE QUARTER Using a copy of the December
St. Michael-Albertville High School Teacher: Tony Mallinger Accounting I (Master) September 2014 CEQ: WHAT IS ACCOUNTING? HOW DO YOU PERFORM THE ACCOUNTING FUNCTIONS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS ORGANIZED AS
Financial Statement Review: Financial Statements Tutorial There are four major financial statements used to communicate information to external users (creditors, investors, suppliers, etc.) - 1. Balance
CHAPTER 4 Completing the Accounting Cycle Making a Statement INCOME STATEMENT Revenues Expenses = Net Income STATEMENT OF OWNER S EQUITY Beginning Balance + Net Income Withdrawals = Ending Balance BALANCE
Closing Entries, and Accounting Worksheet Created 2007 By Michael Worthington Elizabeth City State University Take-Off is initial stage of 1. Copy (take-off) unadjusted from General Ledger to the worksheet
Bookkeeping Proficiency (Exam) Your AccountingCoach PRO membership includes lifetime access to all of our materials. Take a quick tour by visiting www.accountingcoach.com/quicktour. Table of Contents (click
CENTURY 21 ACCOUNTING, 8e General Journal Key Terms and Definitions Chapter 1 Starting A Proprietorship: Changes that Affect the Accounting Equation account: a record summarizing all the information pertaining
ACCOUNTING COMPETENCY EXAM SAMPLE EXAM 1. The accounting process does not include: a. interpreting d. observing b. reporting e. classifying c. purchasing 2. The financial statement or statements that pertain
C H A P T E R 4 The Work Sheet and the Closing Process A systematic approach is essential for efficient and accurate processing of large amounts of information. Whether work sheets are on paper or computerized,
Study Guide - Final Exam Accounting I True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 1. Entries in a sales journal affect account balances in both the accounts receivable ledger
Financial Statement Consolidation We will consolidate the previously completed worksheets in this financial plan. In order to complete this section of the plan, you must have already completed all of the
The Double-Entry System EFFECTS OF TRANSACTIONS ON THE BALANCE SHEET 2001 Richard S. Barr Transaction: Any event that affects the entity's financial position and requires recording Every accounting transaction
Acct 3110 Qualifying Exam Sample Questions as of May 31, 2016 1. The primary objective of financial reporting is to provide financial information about the reporting company that is useful: *a. to existing
7-1 McGraw-Hill 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 7 Accounting for Sales and Accounts Receivable Section 1: Merchandise Sales Section Objectives 1. Record credit sales in
Chapter 4: Adjusting the accounts and preparing Financial statements 4.1 Measurement of Profit Income Expense = profit Cash basis Income is recorded wen cash is received Expenses are recorded when cash
Appendix A Review of Accounting Principles Appendix A is a review of basic accounting principles and procedures. Standard accounting procedures are based on the double-entry system. This means that each
2 T Accounts, Debits and Credits, Trial Balance, and Financial Statements DEMONSTRATION PROBLEM maintains an office for the practice of veterinary medicine. The account balances as of September 1 are given
15_1312MH_CH09 27/1/05 8:38 am Page 87 PREPARING part 3 FINAL ACCOUNTS 9 The final accounts of sole traders 10 Accounting principles, concepts and policies 11 Depreciation and fixed assets 12 Bad debts
Page 1 of 27 Module 3: Adjusting the accounts, preparing the statements, and completing the accounting cycle Overview In Module 2 you studied the fundamental steps in recording accounting information by
Chapter 7 Skyline College 7-1 The three types of business operations are: A service business is a business that sells services. A merchandising business is a business that sells goods purchased for resale.
CHAPTER 5 Accounting for Merchandising Operations ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE Study Objectives Questions Brief Exercises Exercises A Problems B Problems *1. Identify the differences between service
3 CHAPTER Debits and Credits As you learned in the last chapter, accountants use the accounting equation to analyze a firm s transactions and determine the effects of those transactions on the firm s assets,
Trading Profit and Loss Account Trading Account The trading account shows the income from sales and the direct costs of making those sales. It includes the balance of stocks at the start and end of the
Rallis Page 1 Name: _ Date: 1. If the assets owned by a business total $100,000 and liabilities total $70,000, stockholders' equity totals $30,000. A) True B) False 2. If total liabilities decreased by
Accounting 3A-1A The Operating Cycle: Worksheet/Closing Entries Page 1 THE WORKSHEET and CLOSING ENTRIES I. Review of Key Concepts and Terms: A. The purpose of the worksheet 1. To show that the accounts
Self-test Comprehensive Problems II 综 合 自 测 题 II Part One (30%) 1. Give the Chinese/English of the following terms: (5%) subsidiary ledger 统 制 账 户 purchase requisition 现 金 溢 缺 petty cash fund 永 续 盘 存 制
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.