Common Assessment Study Guide

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1 1. How does the geography of Europe effect its development? It's variety of mountains and rivers kept people separated from each other allowing them to develop in their own way. 2. Who was William the Conqueror? He was a Norman (French) Duke who becomes the King of England when he defeats Harold Godwinsson at the Battle of Hastings

2 3. What was the importance of the Battle of Hastings? Duke William wins the battle to claim the English throne and becomes the French King of England. He starts a census for tax collection placing them in the doomsday book, blends Anglo Saxon ways with French customs and language and brings the system of feudalism to govern England.

3 4. Who was King John? How would he be described? What part did he play in the Magna Carta? *He was the King of England. *He is described as greedy, rude, dishonest, pushy, selfish because of the ways he treated his people taxing them excessively, taking their children as hostages, punishing others without a trial... *He was forced to sign the Magna Carta which gave more rights to the people of England and limited the rights of the King.

4 5. What was the purpose of the Magna Carta? What impact did it have on the people of England and the democracies of the world today? How did it influence the U.S. Constitution? * A written document signed by King John that gave more freedoms to the people of England and reduced the power of the King *We use similar regulations in our constitution today such as our right to a speedy trial, freedom of religion, separation of church and state, trial by jury, punishment to fit the crime...

5 6. What impact did the monasteries have on the European communities? * Monks wrote books like the bible. * taught school and religion * provided hospitals for the sick, rest and food for the travelers. * farmed What impact did the Roman Catholic Church have in the communities? * They were probably the most influencial part of the society. They had a big say in politics.

6 8. The split of the Roman Catholic Church brought about which two Christian societies? * The Byzantine Church (Eastern Orthodox) to the east and the Roman Catholic Church to the west. 9. Why did feudalism begin? How did it affect the people, socially, politically, and economically($)? *After the Fall of Rome people were frightened by barbarian invaders like the Vikings

7 *Power was determined by the amount of land you owned. *Politically it was run by the Nobles called Lords or Barons. *Economically it worked by everyone working together and being loyal to each other in order to produce the items necessary to feed the Kingdom and be protected.

8 10. Who was involved in the Crusades? What was its purpose and what impact did it have on the feudalism? * Christians fought against Muslims, Turks and Jews * They wanted to win back the Holy Land of Jerusalem and help the Byzantine Christians. *It was one of the major reasons that feudalism started to fail since people were leaving the manors and going to fight for God.

9 11, What stood in the way of Christians being successful in taking back Jerusalem? * They lacked military training * They had the wrong or no weapons to fight with. * They lacked supplies * They were traveling long distances and in a foreign land with poor weather conditions. * Often times they couldn't even tell who was Christian, Jew, or Muslim.

10 12. The Black Death (plague) originated where...was caused by...was spread by...impact on Europe was...? * originated in the area of the Gobi desert in Asia. * was caused by Asian rat fleas * was spread by rats stowed away on ships and along the Silk Road. * Was the second major reason for the end of feudalism causing people to leave the manors and move to the cities, diversifying farmers products, costing more $ and peasant revolts...

11 13. Vikings were experienced... sailors, traders, and explorers 14. What was the result of Viking and other barbarian raids? people became frightened, turned to monarchy to protect them. 15. Why did the Roman Empire and its' laws fail?

12 15. Why did the Roman Empire and its' laws fail? Roman Empire became too spread out and complicated Barbarians invade Roman territories. Roman governors left their area and fled to Rome leaving others to handle things

13 16. Who was Charlemagne and what was he known for? King of the Franks who reunites Europe and promotes christianity. He is named Holy Roman Emperor by the pope 17. What was the purposes of the guilds? An organization of workers in the same trade or craft that set standards and protects the interests of it's members. They helped each other during tough times They went away because of corruption.

14 18. 2 kinds of castles were... motte and bailey made of earth and wood modern fortresses made of stone Both were built for protection and the later one was made better

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