World History Middle Ages Test

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1 World History Middle Ages Test 1. Europe became a feudal society because a. Europeans needed to defend themselves against constant raids and invasions. b. overpopulation required that a more efficient agricultural system be developed. c. skilled craftspeople had emerged as farming techniques improved. 2. The pope s influence in the Middle Ages resulted from a. the economic influence of the Papal States. b. the fact that nearly everyone in Europe was Christian. c. the powerful army he headed under General Charlemagne. 3. How did Charlemagne ensure that his counts remained loyal and did their jobs well? a. by ensuring that they received excellent educations b. by setting up a system of rewards and punishments administered by inspectors c. by sending monks to convert them to Christianity 4. Vikings began raiding northern Europe because a. they wanted to stop attacks on Scandinavia. b. they wanted to spread their religion. c. Viking farmers could not grow enough food. Hear you my Lord... that I... shall be to you both faithful and true, and shall owe my Fidelity unto you, for the Land that I hold of you, and lawfully shall do such Customs and Services, as my Duty is to you, at the times assigned. So help me God and all his Saints. from The Manner of Doing Homage and Fealty

2 5. The excerpt from The Manner of Doing Homage and Fealty is an example of a. a Domesday passage. b. an oath of loyalty. c. a serf s contract. 6. The excerpt from The Manner of Doing Homage and Fealty might have been said by a a. queen. b. Viking. c. knight. 7. The goal of the First Crusade was to a. take Jerusalem and the Holy Land away from the Muslims. b. take Jerusalem and the Holy Land away from the Byzantines. c. convert Muslims to Christianity. 8. Which of the following was an effect of the Crusades? a. Important trade routes were destroyed. b. European kings gained more political power. c. Knights gained political power. 9. Merchants asked the king for special charters for towns because a. they wanted charters granting religious freedom. b. the merchants did not want to pay fees to feudal lords. c. the Crusades made Europe less safe, so rural people banded together for protection. 10. The Black Death led to a. the collapse of the medieval manor system. b. massive witch hunts throughout Europe. c. greater religious tolerance in Western Europe.

3 11. Based on the map titled The First Crusades, , Crusaders from England on the Third Crusade primarily traveled to the Holy Land by a. foot. b. wagon train. c. boat. 12. Based on the map titled The First Crusades, , which of the following describes the route taken by Crusaders on the First Crusade? a. Crusaders traveled by boat through the Mediterranean Sea to the Holy Land. b. Crusaders traveled overland first to Constantinople and then to Edessa or Jerusalem. c. Crusaders traveled by boat first to Constantinople and onward to Jerusalem.

4 13. Based on the map titled The First Crusades, , where did the Second Crusade begin and end? a. It began in Venice and ended in the Holy Land. b. It began in France and ended in the Holy Land. c. It began in Central Europe and ended in Constantinople. 14. The photograph titled Interior View is an example of a. Gothic architecture. b. a medieval guild. c. a medieval manor. 15. Study the photograph titled Interior View. What advance in engineering made this type of architecture possible? a. the flying buttress b. illumination c. interior column supports 16. Which of the following was one effect of the Crusades? a. Trade decreased. b. Relations between religious groups became more strained. Interior View c. The feudal system strengthened. 17. What was the Hanseatic League? a. speakers of the vernacular b. a group of northern German cities and towns that worked together to promote and protect trade c. a guild of troubadours that allowed women to join

5 18. What was the art of illumination? a. decorating written manuscripts with pictures or designs b. composing music in Latin c. traveling from court to court to spread news 19. What is another name for the plague that devastated Europe in the mid-1300s? a. the Black Death b. the Danse Macabre c. the Mongol Hordes 20. Castles were built for what particular purpose? a. comfort b. convenience c. defense 26 manorial system a Large woven wall hanging 27 monasteries b The economic system of medieval western Europe 28 tapestry c Homes for monks frequently targeted in Viking raids 29 coins d Its use increased at trade fairs and led to the creation of Europe s first banks 30 credit e Increasingly used to pay wages and taxes in the Middle Ages 31 fief a A person who owed service to his lord 32 friars b Members of new religious orders who lived and preached in towns 33 vassal c A person learning the basic skills of a craft 34 apprentice d A peasant who was legally tied to the manor on which he worked 35 serf e The land given to a knight for his service to a lord

6 36 Domesday Book a Term in office of a pope 37 Gothic style b Design of medieval churches that made them taller and brighter than earlier churches 38 Hanseatic League c Survey taken of English residents and their possessions 39 Holy Land d Goal of the Crusades was to take control of this from the Muslims 40 pontificate e A group of cities and towns in Germany that worked together to promote and protect trade 41 Moors a Muslims 42 Papal States b English law-making body made up of members of the nobility and clergy 43 Parliament c Legal procedures supervised by special judges to try suspected heretics 44 the Inquisitions d Vikings 45 Norsemen e Region in central Italy ruled by the pope 46 Richard the Lion-Hearted a French heroine of the Hundred Years War, burned at stake 47 Geoffrey Chaucer b Failed to take control of Jerusalem during the Third Crusade 48 Joan of Arc c Muslim leader of the Holy Land during the Third Crusade 49 Dante Alighieri d Wrote The Canterbury Tales 50 Saladin e Wrote The Divine Comedy

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