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1 Name: Class: Date: ID: A p Ch 14 Ancient China section 1 Multiple Choice Identzh the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. - I. Before the Shang kingdom arose, Chinese civilization consisted of a. isolated communities nestled in the mountains. b. small farming villages along the Huang River. c. large and wealthy cities. d. towns and farms in northern China. 2. The first settlements in China formed a. on the North China Plain. c. west of the Gobi Desert. b. during the Shang dynasty. d. on the Plateau of Tibet Which of the following is not another way to express the statement "The Shang dynasty lasted some 600 years." a. The Shang dynasty lasted for six centuries. b. For some 60 decades, the Shang ruled China. c. The Shang dynasty lasted for a millennium. d. The Shang dynasty lasted for more than half a century. C - 4. Which of the following physical features contributed to China's isolation from other civilizations? 1. The North China Plain 2. The Himalayas 3. The Gobi Desert 4, The Pacific Ocean. a. 2 and 4 b. 1,2,3-5. Among the major achievements of the Shang were a written language and a. the chariot. c. the Mandate of Heaven. b. domestication of the horse. d. bronze metalworking While rivers aided China's development, deserts and mountains a. isolated it from other civilizations. c. had no effect on the country. b. prevented development. d. led to the rise of the Shang dynasty Oracle bones were used a. to practice written Chinese. b. to try to predict the future. c. during battles with other kingdoms. d. to make pottery The development of a written language during the Shang dynasty is important partly because a. it spread around the world. b. it allowed rulers to control the people. c. soldiers could not win battles without it. d. many of its characters are still used today.

2 Name: ID: A 9. How did loess from the Gobi Desert reach farmland on the North China Plain and, eventually, the waters of the Yellow Sea? w A n/ a. It was carried by the Chang River. b. It was carried by the winds of the Taklimakan. c. It was carried by the Huang River. d. People transported it with their trade goods. Completion Complete each statement. 1. are drawings that represent a word or even a complete idea. 2. The Huang River is also called the Yellow River, due to the that muddies its water.

3 Name: Class: Date: ID: A,p Chapter 14 Section 2 Multiple Choice Identrfi the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question When bad things happened, such as uprisings or natural disasters, the Zhou believed that these events might signal a. the need for a show of strength from the leader. b. that it was time to expand the territory. c. that the ruler had lost the Mandate of Heaven. d. that the ruler needed more help By what means did the Zhou keep control over all the different regions of their kingdom? a. By keeping a strong army always ready to put down any rebellion b. By treating the people with kindness and respect c. By sending out ambassadors to each region d. By putting family members in charge of individual regions - 3. Under the Mandate of Heaven, the ruler was called a. the Emperor. c. the King of Kings. b. the Son of Heaven. d. the Zhou. 4. In order to keep the Mandate of Heaven, the Zhou believed that their rulers must foster harmony between and. r a. the Shanglthe Zhou c. warlords/nobles b. heavenlearth d. ChinaIEurope - 5. Which of the following was a technological advance made during the Zhou dynasty? a. The use of bronze to make sculptures and statues b. The development of advanced mathematics c. The use of oracle bones to record events d. The use of coins for the first time 6. When a group of nobles joined forces with invading nomads to overthrow the king, a. a new dynasty arose to replace the Zhou. b. the Zhou survived the attack, but were weakened. c. the Mandate of Heaven was lost. d. the nomads became part of the Zhou kingdom. 7. Much of what we know about the fall of the Shang comes from evidence left by their conquerors, the Zhou, who claimed they had a right to rule. Are these sources factual and accurate? a. Yes, because all historical records are factual and accurate. b. Possibly not, because the Zhou might have wanted to leave the best impression of why they overthrew the Shang. c. No, because historians have proven repeatedly that the Zhou left biased histories of their kingdom. d. Probably, because they are the only records we have, so they must be accepted as accurate.

4 r- Name: 8. Confucius believed that people had forgotten the values of the early Zhou dynasty and this explained the chaos in society at the time. What was this chaotic period called? t y'a..v c T) a. The Mandate of Heaven c. The Warlord Period -7fL4 b. The Warring States d. The Zhou Epoch ID: A - 9. The Zhou dynasty shared many similarities with the Shang EXCEPT which of the following? a. Human sacrifice c. Clothing b. Laws d. Bronzeart Completion Complete each statement. 1. The permitted a leader to seize control by force, if necessary, because victory proved that heaven supported the change in leadership. L" *i7

5 Name: Class: Date: ID: A r Chapter 14 Section 3 Multiple Choice Iclentcfy the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question Confucianism places special importance on the devotion of children to their parents, which is known as a. filial piety. c. generational veneration. b. ancestor worship. d. millennia1 harmony By practicing ancestor worship, the Chinese believed their ancestors would a. honor the living. c. gain power in heaven. b. guide and protect them. d. be able to rest in peace. 3. Which of the following were central ideas in Confucianism? a. Wealth and power c. Responsibility and respect b. Youth and energy d. Seeing and listening 4. The Dao is a. the relationships between people. c. a form of tai chi. b. a type of ancestor worship. d. the natural way of the universe. 5. Why did the ancient Chinese make loud noises at festivals and during holiday celebrations? a. To chase away evil spirits b. To celebrate their blessings kf c. To let their ancestors know they were remembered d. To welcome spirits from both heaven and Earth 6. Why did Confucius encourage his followers to study music? a. The study of music keeps people from committing crimes. b. To help them find the natural way of the universe. c. Life is short, and people should enjoy it as much as possible. d. Music inspires good behavior. 7. Which ONE of the following statements correctly uses the word "philosophy"? a. Chinese philosophy helped people honor the spirits of the dead. b. Showing devotion to one's parents demonstrates philosophy. c. The two great forces at work in nature are known as philosophy. d. Following the beliefs of a particular philosophy can help a person live a better life.

6 Name: t- ID: A 8. In the excerpt below from the Dao De Jing, how does Laozi try to make it easier to remember his advice? "In dwelling, live close to the ground. In thinking, keep to the simple. In conflict, be fair and generous. In governing, don't try to control." a. By using complex language b. By using the same sentence structure in every line c. By appealing to the reader's emotions d. By showing his superior intelligence Completion Complete each statement. 1. The practice of involves such actions as setting out food for one's ancestors on special occasions.

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