Grammar Kinds of Sentences

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Grammar Kinds of Sentences"

Transcription

1 Kinds of Sentences There are four kinds of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory. 1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. It tells something, states a fact or opinion, or gives information. It ends with a period. Jeremy plays the violin. In my opinion, he plays it beautifully. 2. An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark. Interrogative sentences often start with words like: who, what, when, where, why, how, and which. Interrogative sentences often have the verb before the subject, or the subject comes between the helping verb and the main verb. How on earth did you get up there? 3. An imperative sentence gives a request or an order and usually ends with a period. It could also end with an exclamation mark. The subject you is often implied, which means it is not actually used in the sentence but understood to be there. These sentences can be one word long. Run! Go now! Do you homework. 4. An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation mark. This is too hard! I give up!

2 Subjects and Predicates Every sentence has a subject and a predicate. Every word in a sentence is either part of the subject or part of the predicate. The subject of a sentence tells whom or what the sentence is about. The simple subject is the main word or phrase that the sentence is about, usually a noun or pronoun. Most simple subjects are just one word, but if the simple subject is a proper noun, then it may be two or more words. The complete subject includes the simple subject and all the words that describe it, usually adjectives and prepositional phrases. In the examples below the simple subject is in bold type and the complete subject is underlined. * The desk in the back of the classroom is quite large. * That tall boy is really good at basketball. He must practice a lot. * Mrs. Brown, our principal, has worked here for over a dozen years. * The students quietly stood in the hallway while their teacher locked the door. * (You) Toss me that towel, please. The predicate tells what the subject is or does. The simple predicate is the verb or verb phrase that tells about the subject. The complete predicate includes the simple predicate and all the words related to the verb, usually beginning with the verb or verb phrase and everything that comes after it, including adverbs and objects. Note that adverbs can come before the verb or verb phrase. In the examples below the simple predicate is in bold type and the complete predicate is underlined. * The desk in the back of the classroom is quite large. * That tall boy is really good at basketball. He must practice a lot. * Mrs. Brown, our principal, has worked here for over a dozen years. * The students quietly stood in the hallway while their teacher locked the door. * (You) Toss me that towel, please.

3 Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates A simple sentence is made up of one complete subject and one complete predicate. Even if the subject is compound or the predicate is compound, it is still a simple sentence. Writing sentences with compound subjects and compound predicates can make your writing smoother to read and clearer for a reader to understand. A compound subject is made up of two or more simple subjects that have the same predicate. You can combine sentences that have the same predicate into one sentence with a compound subject. Use a conjunction such as and or or to join the simple subjects. * Jonathan yelled. Abby yelled. These two simple sentences can be combined into a new simple sentence with a compound subject using the conjunction and. * Jonathan and Abby yelled. A compound predicate is made up of two or more simple predicates that have the same subject. You can combine sentences that have the same subject into one sentence with a compound predicate. Use a conjunction like and or or to join the simple predicates. * Moose barked. Moose howled. These two simple sentences can be combined into a new simple sentence with a compound predicate using the conjunction and. * Moose barked and howled.

4 Conjunctions The words and, or, and but are conjunctions. A conjunction is a word that joins other words or parts of sentences together. * Use and to add information. * Use or to give a choice. * Use but to show contrast. Here are examples of conjunctions joining words together: * Clouds and wind signal a coming storm. * The meteorologist predicted snow or sleet today. * Fog but not rain will make the air moist today. Here are examples of conjunctions joining parts of sentences together: * I saw lightning, and I heard thunder. * The fog might last all morning, or it could burn off by noon. * It will rain, but it won't snow in San Francisco today. These three conjunctions are what we call coordinating conjunctions. They join words, phrases, and sentences (independent clauses) together. Notice that when we join sentences together, we use a comma at the end of the first independent clause and before the conjunction. Other coordinating conjunctions are nor, for, yet, and so.

5 Compound Sentences A compound sentence is made by joining two closely related simple sentences with a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Here are two sentences: I like to read. You like to write. These can be made into a compound sentence using a comma and a conjunction: I like to read, but you like to write. Again, notice that when we join sentences together, we use a comma at the end of the first independent clause (the first sentence) and before the conjunction. You may want to review Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates and note how they are different than compound sentences.

6 Correcting Run-on Sentences A run-on sentence is really two or more sentences that run together without the proper punctuation to join or separate them. A run-on sentence occurs when a writer runs one simple sentence into another without using a comma and a conjunction between them, or when the writer should have separated them into two separate simple sentences. The sentence below is a run-on sentence. * Marco lives on a farm his cousin likes to visit him there. Correct run-on sentences in your writing 1. by inserting a comma and a conjunction to make a compound sentence, or 2. by separating the two simple sentences. * Marco lives on a farm, and his cousin likes to visit him there. * Marco lives on a farm. His cousin likes to visit him there. If the two sentences are closely related to each other, you could also separate them with a semi-colon: * Marco lives on a farm; his cousin likes to visit him there.

THE GALLOWAY SCHOOL YEAR-AT-A-GLANCE Where Magnificent Minds Thrive! GRAMMAR. Quarter One

THE GALLOWAY SCHOOL YEAR-AT-A-GLANCE Where Magnificent Minds Thrive! GRAMMAR. Quarter One THE GALLOWAY SCHOOL YEAR-AT-A-GLANCE Where Magnificent Minds Thrive! GRAMMAR 3 rd Quarter One Text: Sadlier Grammar Workshop Level Orange Unit 1: The Sentence Lesson 1: Kinds of Sentences Punctuate sentences

More information

Livingston Public Schools Scope and Sequence K 6 Grammar and Mechanics

Livingston Public Schools Scope and Sequence K 6 Grammar and Mechanics Grade and Unit Timeframe Grammar Mechanics K Unit 1 6 weeks Oral grammar naming words K Unit 2 6 weeks Oral grammar Capitalization of a Name action words K Unit 3 6 weeks Oral grammar sentences Sentence

More information

BASIC SENTENCE PARTS. Mr. Brasher

BASIC SENTENCE PARTS. Mr. Brasher BASIC SENTENCE PARTS Mr. Brasher Complete Subjects and Predicates Sentence- group of words with 2 main parts: complete subject and complete predicate. Together, they express a clear thought. Complete subject

More information

B1-7

B1-7 Parts of Speech: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/definitions.htm B1-7 http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/definitions.htm#parts Identifying the Subject / Identifying the Verb: http://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/sentences_core_parts.htm

More information

Clauses and Phrases. For Proper Sentence Structure

Clauses and Phrases. For Proper Sentence Structure Clauses and Phrases For Proper Sentence Structure Purpose: Writing is the primary basis upon which your work, your learning, and your intellect will be judged in college, in the workplace, and in the community.

More information

Content Alignment Guide of:

Content Alignment Guide of: Content Alignment Guide of: Pacemaker Basic English & English Composition Prentice Hall s Writing and Grammar: Communication in Action : Communication in Action Chapter 1 The Writer in You EC p. WP4 A.1

More information

Language Usage III Grade Level 3

Language Usage III Grade Level 3 Language Usage III Language Usage III introduces students to a variety of topics including: identifying and using nouns, verbs, contractions, conjunctions, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs in sentences

More information

Georgia State Standards correlated to Merit Software Writing Mechanics- Grammar Programs

Georgia State Standards correlated to Merit Software Writing Mechanics- Grammar Programs Georgia State Standards correlated to Merit Software Writing Mechanics- Grammar Programs The QBE Act calls upon the Department of Education to revise and update the QCC periodically to keep pace with rising

More information

Level 1 Song Lyrics. Well-Ordered Language. Eight Parts of Speech (1 1) Sentence (1 2) Principal Elements (1 3)

Level 1 Song Lyrics. Well-Ordered Language. Eight Parts of Speech (1 1) Sentence (1 2) Principal Elements (1 3) Well-Ordered Language Level 1 Song Lyrics Note: This document contains the lyrics for all of the songs in WOL1A and 1B. Eight Parts of Speech (1 1) The eight parts of speech are classes of words with the

More information

Index. 344 Grammar and Language Workbook, Grade 8

Index. 344 Grammar and Language Workbook, Grade 8 Index Index 343 Index A A, an (usage), 8, 123 A, an, the (articles), 8, 123 diagraming, 205 Abbreviations, correct use of, 18 19, 273 Abstract nouns, defined, 4, 63 Accept, except, 12, 227 Action verbs,

More information

4th Grade Sentence Structures

4th Grade Sentence Structures Name 4th Grade Sentence Structures 1. Complete Sentences A complete sentence is a set of words that contains a subject and a predicate. Here is a basic complete sentence: Fish swim. It is possible to have

More information

Scope and Sequence. Well-Ordered Language

Scope and Sequence. Well-Ordered Language Well-rdered Language Scope and Sequence Well-rdered Language (WL) is a comprehensive and sequential approach to teaching English grammar using analytical tools in a delightful way. WL s innovative oral

More information

Language Usage V Grade Level 5

Language Usage V Grade Level 5 Language Usage V Language Usage V introduces students to a variety of topics including: identifying and using nouns, verbs, contractions, conjunctions, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs in sentences understanding

More information

Welcome to! 3 Scholastic Study Smart: Writing Skills Builder (Level 4) Scholastic Teaching Resources

Welcome to! 3 Scholastic Study Smart: Writing Skills Builder (Level 4) Scholastic Teaching Resources Welcome to! Writing Skills Builder provides opportunities for the systematic development of your child s writing skills as she progresses from word to sentence to paragraph. It is often a challenge to

More information

Phrases & Clauses. Source URL: Saylor URL:

Phrases & Clauses. Source URL:  Saylor URL: Phrases & Clauses Source URL: http://serrano.wikispaces.com/chapter+4+and+5,+clauses+and+phrases Saylor URL: www.saylor.org/courses/k12ela007#7.4.1.2 Attributed to: WikiSpaces www.saylor.org Phrases a

More information

Sentences. Every complete sentence has two basic parts: a subject and a predicate. Complete Subject and Complete Predicate

Sentences. Every complete sentence has two basic parts: a subject and a predicate. Complete Subject and Complete Predicate Sentences The Sentence A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Every complete sentence has two basic parts: a subject and a predicate. Complete Subject and Complete Predicate

More information

Abbreviation: A shortened form of a word. Abbreviations begin with a capital letter and end with a period. Example: Dr. is an abbreviation for Doctor.

Abbreviation: A shortened form of a word. Abbreviations begin with a capital letter and end with a period. Example: Dr. is an abbreviation for Doctor. Abbreviation: A shortened form of a word. Abbreviations begin with a capital letter and end with a period. Example: Dr. is an abbreviation for Doctor. Action verb: A verb that describes an action. The

More information

Grammar Presentation: The Sentence

Grammar Presentation: The Sentence Grammar Presentation: The Sentence GradWRITE! Initiative Writing Support Centre Student Development Services The rules of English grammar are best understood if you understand the underlying structure

More information

MODULE 15 Diagram the organizational structure of your company.

MODULE 15 Diagram the organizational structure of your company. Student name: Date: MODULE 15 Diagram the organizational structure of your company. Objectives: A. Diagram the organizational chart for your place of business. B. Determine the importance of organization

More information

Grammar and Writing Skills Practice & Apply: Grade 6

Grammar and Writing Skills Practice & Apply: Grade 6 Grammar and Writing Skills Practice & Apply: Grade 6 BY BOB KERR COPYRIGHT 2000 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-804-8 Printing No. 1347-EB Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers Distributed by Carson-Dellosa

More information

Writing Common Core KEY WORDS

Writing Common Core KEY WORDS Writing Common Core KEY WORDS An educator's guide to words frequently used in the Common Core State Standards, organized by grade level in order to show the progression of writing Common Core vocabulary

More information

Part 1: Grammar Section 1 Nouns Part 2: Writing Chapter 1 Personal Narratives. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

Part 1: Grammar Section 1 Nouns Part 2: Writing Chapter 1 Personal Narratives. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Part 1: Section 1 Nouns Part 2: Chapter 1 Personal Narratives Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 1.1 Common and Proper Nouns, pp. 2 3 PB p. 1.2 Singular and Plural Nouns, pp. 4 PB p. 6 1.3 More Singular and Plural

More information

Grammar, Usage, & Mechanics Skillbook

Grammar, Usage, & Mechanics Skillbook M A N Y V O I C E S L A N G U A G E Grammar, Usage, & Mechanics Skillbook Level J Perfection Learning Table of Contents Chapter 1: The Parts of Speech Finding Nouns 7 Finding Common and Proper Nouns 8

More information

10th Grade Language. Goal ISAT% Objective Description (with content limits) Vocabulary Words

10th Grade Language. Goal ISAT% Objective Description (with content limits) Vocabulary Words Standard 3: Writing Process 3.1: Prewrite 58-69% 10.LA.3.1.2 Generate a main idea or thesis appropriate to a type of writing. (753.02.b) Items may include a specified purpose, audience, and writing outline.

More information

Basic Sentence Parts. Mr. Brasher

Basic Sentence Parts. Mr. Brasher Basic Sentence Parts Mr. Brasher Subjects and Predicates Complete Subjects and Predicates Sentence- group of words with two main parts: complete subject and complete predicate. Together, express a complete

More information

2. Nouns: Common Noun. Proper Noun. Concrete Noun. Abstract Noun. Compound Noun. Collective Noun. 1. What is our Learning Target?:

2. Nouns: Common Noun. Proper Noun. Concrete Noun. Abstract Noun. Compound Noun. Collective Noun. 1. What is our Learning Target?: Name: Teacher: Class: Date: What is our Learning Target?: Nouns: Common Noun Proper Noun Concrete Noun Abstract Noun Compound Noun Collective Noun I. In the picture, name 3 Common Nouns and 3 Proper nouns

More information

Language Arts. Grade 6. Columbus, Ohio

Language Arts. Grade 6. Columbus, Ohio Language Arts Columbus, Ohio Table of Contents Chapter 1 Grammar Parts of Speech Lesson 1.1 Common and Proper Nouns...................... 6 Lesson 1.2 Regular Plural Nouns.............................

More information

Part 1: Grammar Section 1 Nouns Part 2: Writing Chapter 1 Personal Narratives. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

Part 1: Grammar Section 1 Nouns Part 2: Writing Chapter 1 Personal Narratives. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Part 1: Section 1 Nouns Part 2: Chapter 1 Personal Narratives 1.1 Singular and Plural Nouns, pp. 2 3 PB p.5 1.2 More Singular and Plural Nouns, pp. 4 5 PB p. 1.3 Concrete and Abstract Nouns, pp. 7 PB p.

More information

Language Usage VIII Grade Level 8

Language Usage VIII Grade Level 8 Language Usage VIII Language Usage VIII introduces students to a variety of topics including: identifying and using nouns, verbs, contractions, conjunctions, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs in sentences

More information

California Treasures, Scope and Sequence: Grammar. California Treasures Grammar/Usage/Mechanics Scope and Sequence K-6

California Treasures, Scope and Sequence: Grammar. California Treasures Grammar/Usage/Mechanics Scope and Sequence K-6 California Treasures Grammar//Mechanics Scope and Sequence K-6 Grade K Unit 7, Week 1 Unit 7, Week 2 Unit 7, Week 3 Unit 8, Week 1 Unit 8, Week 2 Unit 8, Week 3 Unit 9, Week 1 Unit 9, Week 2 Unit 9, Week

More information

Analytical Grammar Pre/Post Test

Analytical Grammar Pre/Post Test Analytical Grammar Pre/Post Test Name Season One: 1. In the following sentence: I really enjoyed the basketball game. What part of speech is the word BASKETBALL? a. verb b. adjective c. noun d. article

More information

MyEnglishLab Writing is a four-level flexible online program that helps students develop writing and composition skills.

MyEnglishLab Writing is a four-level flexible online program that helps students develop writing and composition skills. MyEnglishLab Writing is a four-level flexible online program that helps students develop writing and composition skills. MyEnglishLab Writing can be used in combination with any General English/ integrated

More information

Learning the Question & Answer Flows

Learning the Question & Answer Flows Learning the Question & Answer Flows These exercises are designed to help you learn how the Question and Answer Flows are constructed in the Parent Help Booklet. In the Question and Answer Flow, a series

More information

DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS UNIT 1: CAPITALIZATION AND PUNCTUATION Lesson 1.1 Capitalization Screen 1: Lesson 1.1 Topics Screen 2: Capital Letters Screen 3: Capitals in Proper Nouns, Proper Adjectives,

More information

Language Lessons. Secondary Child

Language Lessons. Secondary Child Scope & Sequence for Language Lessons for the Secondary Child by Sandi Queen Queen Homeschool Supplies, Inc. Lesson 1: Picture Study and Narration Lesson 2: Creative Writing Lesson 3-5: For Copywork Lesson

More information

Grammar Practice Sentences and Sentence Fragments

Grammar Practice Sentences and Sentence Fragments 8.1 2 Sentences and Sentence Fragments A sentence expresses a complete thought. All sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a punctuation mark. A declarative sentence tells or states something.

More information

Building with the 6 traits

Building with the 6 traits Building with the 6 traits Like the foundation of a house, IDEA DEVELOPMENT serves as the solid base on which a good piece of writing rests. If you start with a solid idea, your writing can grow as big

More information

Sentence Construction includes rules and methods for writing.

Sentence Construction includes rules and methods for writing. Sentence Construction includes rules and methods for writing. The structure of a sentence includes the use of nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc. There are rules and methods in structuring sentences. There are

More information

English Grammar Practice

English Grammar Practice ENG Name: Date: Pg. English Grammar Practice NOUNS Lesson 1: Noun Types A. On your answer sheet, write each noun. Then write C or P beside it to show whether it is a Common or Proper noun. B. On your answer

More information

Unit 1 Test: Read, Write, Now

Unit 1 Test: Read, Write, Now Name Date Unit 1 Test: Read, Write, Now Multiple Choice. Circle answer that best answers each question. [ 4points each; 60 points total] 1. Circle the word in the list below that would come after the word

More information

GMU-03 GMU-01. Nouns: Types, Plurals, Possessives. Verbs. Specific Instructional Objective(s) Teacher s Edition, 401

GMU-03 GMU-01. Nouns: Types, Plurals, Possessives. Verbs. Specific Instructional Objective(s) Teacher s Edition, 401 GMU-01 GMU-03 Nouns: Types, Plurals, Possessives Teacher s Edition, 401 Student Packet, 1-3 Verbs Teacher s Edition, 415, 547, 561, 562, 555, 558 Student Packet, 6-11 Ex. 1, 401 Ex. 3, 402 Ex. 8, 405 Plurals

More information

FBLA Introduction to Business Communication alignment with Common Core Standards 6.14

FBLA Introduction to Business Communication alignment with Common Core Standards 6.14 FBLA: Introduction to Business Communications Competency: Grammar 1. Describe and identify the eight parts of speech in context sentences. 2. Identify the difference between adverbs and adjectives. 3.

More information

Basic English WALCH PUBLISHING

Basic English WALCH PUBLISHING Basic English WALCH PUBLISHING Table of Contents To the Student...............................vii Unit 1: Parts of Speech Activity 1 Proper Nouns............................ 1 Activity 2 Map of Nouns...........................

More information

Hartford Jt. #1 School District Basic Grammar Rules

Hartford Jt. #1 School District Basic Grammar Rules Hartford Jt. #1 School District Basic Grammar Rules 4 Types of Sentences Declarative: A sentence that makes a statement. They end with a period. Interrogative: A sentence that asks a question. They end

More information

Independent and Dependent Clauses

Independent and Dependent Clauses Independent and Dependent Clauses Definition A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. There are two kinds of clauses: 1. An independent clause is a complete thought, a sentence.

More information

Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level V

Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level V Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level V Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) is a different way to learn grammar. Students get one sentence to work with each week, and each day they spend just a few minutes doing

More information

Definition of parts of speech The parts of speech and their basic functions

Definition of parts of speech The parts of speech and their basic functions Page 3 Introduction to English Grammar Pages 8-11 Parts of Speech: An Introduction Page 12 Nouns Pages 13-30 Definition of English Grammar The seven basic units of English Grammar: letter, syllable, word,

More information

Core English: Grammar II Essentials Course Guide

Core English: Grammar II Essentials Course Guide Introduction... 2 Unit 1: Sentence Development Lesson 1.1: Making a Complete Sentence... 2 Lesson 1.2: Nouns and Verbs... 3 Lesson 1.3: Four Kinds of Sentences... 3 Lesson 1.4: Use of Capitals... 4 Lesson

More information

Part 1: Grammar Section 1 Nouns and Section 2 Adjectives Part 2: Writing Chapter 1 Personal Narratives. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

Part 1: Grammar Section 1 Nouns and Section 2 Adjectives Part 2: Writing Chapter 1 Personal Narratives. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Part 1: Section 1 Nouns and Section 2 Adjectives Part 2: Chapter 1 Personal Narratives 1.1 Singular and Plural Nouns, pp. 2 3 PB p. 3 1.2 More Singular and Plural Nouns, pp. 4 5 PB pp. 4 5 1.3 Nouns as

More information

Course Name: 6 th grade English

Course Name: 6 th grade English Course Name: 6 th grade English Month September October Content 4 kinds of sentences Subjects/Predicates Punctuating Sentences Independent/Dependent Clauses Compound Sentences Complex Sentences Nouns Assessment

More information

Common Core Standards English/Language Arts LANGUAGE

Common Core Standards English/Language Arts LANGUAGE Common Core Standards English/Language Arts LANGUAGE Kindergarten 1 st Grade 2 nd Grade 3 rd Grade 4 th Grade 5 th Grade a. Print many upperand lowercase letters. b. Use frequently occurring nouns and

More information

Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics. Sentences

Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics. Sentences III. Sentences Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics What Is a Sentence? K Identifying a Complete Sentence, TE4: T99; TE6: T45 Sentence Parts 1 Identifying a Complete Sentence, TE4: T64, T69, T100; TE5: T137 2

More information

DRAFT. Writing Guidance Document: 4th Grade Narrative (1st & 6th six weeks) developed with 2014 Indiana Academic Standards

DRAFT. Writing Guidance Document: 4th Grade Narrative (1st & 6th six weeks) developed with 2014 Indiana Academic Standards Writing Guidance Document: 4th Grade Narrative (1st & 6th six weeks) developed with 2014 Indiana Academic Standards RCS - Writing Narrative 4th Grade 2 Narrative Writing NARRATIVE WRITING relates a clear

More information

Conventions of Usage (16%) Subject-verb agreement Principal parts of verbals Verb forms and verbals Pronouns

Conventions of Usage (16%) Subject-verb agreement Principal parts of verbals Verb forms and verbals Pronouns T 1. Define and Know (D) 2. Recognize (R) 3. Apply automatically (A) ACT English Grade 10 Usage and Mechanics Conventions of Usage (16%) Subject-verb agreement Principal parts of verbals Verb forms and

More information

Collective nouns- a noun that names a group of individual people or things

Collective nouns- a noun that names a group of individual people or things Parts of Speech Notes Nouns: A noun is the name of a person, place, thing or idea. People- Abraham Lincoln, teacher, student, dog Places- school, house, New York, Olympic Peninsula Things- whale, music,

More information

Grammar Exit Exam Review

Grammar Exit Exam Review Grammar Exit Exam Review Name Part 1 Please match the part of speech below with its correct definition. noun adverb pronoun conjunction adjective interjection verb preposition 1. takes the place of a noun

More information

Sample Copy. 4. Inverted word order is an easy way to vary the structure of your sentences and to add variety to your writing.

Sample Copy. 4. Inverted word order is an easy way to vary the structure of your sentences and to add variety to your writing. START Jingles Practice Jingles 17 and 20 in the Jingle Section. Natural and Inverted Word Order 1. In a Natural-Order sentence, all subject parts come before the verb; the predicate parts begin with the

More information

Parts of Speech. Clauses

Parts of Speech. Clauses Parts of Speech noun the name of a person, place, thing, or idea creates a picture in the mind pronoun takes the place of a noun creates no picture in the mind verb an action or state of being adjective

More information

Rubrics & Checklists

Rubrics & Checklists Rubrics & Checklists fulfilling Common Core s for Fourth Grade Opinion Writing Self-evaluation that's easy to use and comprehend Scoring that's based on Common Core expectations Checklists that lead students

More information

Grammar Core Sentence Parts

Grammar Core Sentence Parts Grammar Core Sentence Parts Simple Subject: noun or pronoun in the sentence that answers the question who? or what? Simple Predicate: the verb/verb phrase in the sentence that answers the question did

More information

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL CONTENTS. How to Use this Book xv

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL CONTENTS. How to Use this Book xv CONTENTS How to Use this Book xv Section One Grammar 1 1. the noun 2. types of nouns 3. the pronoun 4. personal pronouns 5. Do you know your personal pronouns? 6. reflexive, demonstrative, and interrogative

More information

Use the Question and Answer Flow to classify these sentences orally with your teacher. 1. Jenna is an excellent writer and musician for

Use the Question and Answer Flow to classify these sentences orally with your teacher. 1. Jenna is an excellent writer and musician for START Classifying Sentences Teacher Instructions: 1. Write or display the sentences for oral participation on the board. 2. Classify these sentences with your students to reinforce the concepts your students

More information

ENG005 Grammar Punctuation. Text: English 2600 (Sixth Edition) by Joseph Blumenthal COURSE OUTLINE. Work not completed in class is HOMEWORK.

ENG005 Grammar Punctuation. Text: English 2600 (Sixth Edition) by Joseph Blumenthal COURSE OUTLINE. Work not completed in class is HOMEWORK. WEEK 1 Text: English 2600 (Sixth Edition) by Joseph Blumenthal COURSE OUTLINE UNIT 1 The Verb and its Subject pp. 1-63 (Frames 1-32) What Makes a Sentence? pp. 65-127 (Frames 33-64) The Complete Subject

More information

9th Grade Language (with 10th Grade Content Limits)

9th Grade Language (with 10th Grade Content Limits) Standard 3: Writing Process 3.1: Prewrite 58-69% 9.LA.3.1.2 Generate a main idea or thesis appropriate to a type of writing. (753.02.b) Items may include a specified purpose, audience, and writing outline.

More information

The Book of Grammar Lesson Six. Mr. McBride AP Language and Composition

The Book of Grammar Lesson Six. Mr. McBride AP Language and Composition The Book of Grammar Lesson Six Mr. McBride AP Language and Composition Table of Contents Lesson One: Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases Lesson Two: The Function of Nouns in a Sentence Lesson Three:

More information

North Carolina State Standards correlated to Merit Software Writing Mechanics- Grammar Programs

North Carolina State Standards correlated to Merit Software Writing Mechanics- Grammar Programs North Carolina State Standards correlated to Merit Software Mechanics- Grammar Programs The revised curriculum (1999) is based upon surveys of the effectiveness of the previous curriculum, current educational

More information

Chapter 5 Mechanics of Writing

Chapter 5 Mechanics of Writing Name: Class: Date: Chapter 5 Mechanics of Writing True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 1. An indirect question is a statement that contains a reference to a question..

More information

For the Grammar Nazi in you. Grammar 101

For the Grammar Nazi in you. Grammar 101 For the Grammar Nazi in you Grammar 101 A Sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. has two basic parts: a subject and a predicate The subject tells whom or what the sentence is about

More information

Language Usage VII Grade Level 7

Language Usage VII Grade Level 7 Language Usage VII Language Usage VII introduces students to a variety of topics including: identifying and using nouns, verbs, contractions, conjunctions, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs in sentences

More information

Sentence structure. It all begins with the clause! 1. An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.

Sentence structure. It all begins with the clause! 1. An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. Sentence structure It all begins with the clause! A CLAUSE is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. Kate noted the day s events in her journal. (subject) (verb) 1. An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE

More information

a. Jack works during the night. b. The red roses bloom in June.

a. Jack works during the night. b. The red roses bloom in June. Name: Date: Diagnostic Exam for Parts of Speech, Run- On Sentences, Comma Splicing, and Fragments 1. For each of the following, write correct if the words represent sentences that are written correctly

More information

diction and style a look at syntax

diction and style a look at syntax diction and style a look at syntax syntax is according to linguists, the arrangement of words into larger lengths for purpose of conveying meaning. For us, it is the creation of sentences. sentence type

More information

Ways to Achieve Clarity 1. What is one of the best ways to achieve clarity in writing and how to you achieve it?

Ways to Achieve Clarity 1. What is one of the best ways to achieve clarity in writing and how to you achieve it? Ways to Achieve Clarity. What is one of the best ways to achieve clarity in writing and how to you achieve it? Coordinating Ideas. What does it mean grammatically if ideas are coordinating?. What are the

More information

Sentences: Kinds and Parts

Sentences: Kinds and Parts Sentences: Kinds and Parts A sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought. Sentences can be classified in two different ways: by function and by structure. FUNCTION: FOUR KINDS OF SENTENCES

More information

Grammar 5: Sheet 1. Unless directed to do otherwise, mark your answers to these questions on the above passage.

Grammar 5: Sheet 1. Unless directed to do otherwise, mark your answers to these questions on the above passage. Grammar 5: Sheet 1 Passage Henry Reed, p. 30: Being Verbs By the time we were kids, my folks that s your grandparents had sold three lots here on this side of the road. All the present houses were here

More information

Glossary

Glossary Glossary www.cartoonstock.com Action Verb An action verb describes what else? action. Distinguish action verbs from linking verbs, which do not describe an action and which link a noun or adjective back

More information

Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level VI

Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level VI Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level VI Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) is a different way to learn grammar. Students get one sentence to work with each week, and each day they spend just a few minutes doing

More information

Grammar & Usage. Liza Kleinman

Grammar & Usage. Liza Kleinman Grammar & Usage Liza Kleinman table of contents To the Student......................... v Part 1: Introduction.................................... 1 Part 2: Test-Taking Words............................

More information

Collecting Student Information: RL.1.2 Comprehension Checklist (1 of 2)

Collecting Student Information: RL.1.2 Comprehension Checklist (1 of 2) Page 39 Collecting Student Information: RL.1.2 Comprehension Checklist (1 of 2) Use with oral response in STEP 1.3. Standard RL.1.2 Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding

More information

Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard 1, to Develop Conventions of Standard English

Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard 1, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Language Stage CCSS* Supporting Speaking and Writing for Students with Complex Communication

More information

Sentence Construction. What is a sentence?

Sentence Construction. What is a sentence? Sentence Construction What is a sentence? What is a sentence? A sentence is the basic unit of written English communication. 1 A sentence is a collection of words assembled in such an order that they present

More information

Las Vegas High School 2010-11 Writing Workshop. Combining Sentences

Las Vegas High School 2010-11 Writing Workshop. Combining Sentences Las Vegas High School 2010-11 Writing Workshop Combining Sentences If you continually use short sentences in your writing, your paragraphs will sound very choppy. Read this paragraph and notice how it

More information

Sentence Variety. Dr. Karen Petit

Sentence Variety. Dr. Karen Petit Sentence Variety Dr. Karen Petit Unvaried Sentences Unvaried sentence structures make ideas sound simplistic and repetitious: The pencil was yellow. The pencil was new. The pencil was rolling off the table.

More information

Below is a suggested thirteen-week schedule for completing this course.

Below is a suggested thirteen-week schedule for completing this course. Grammar and Style of the Sentence Course Overview Grammar and Style of the Sentence is an online course designed to teach basic principles of grammar and style to improve your writing. New topics are introduced

More information

Stage IV: 6-8 Intermediate High Intermediate ELL LANGUAGE

Stage IV: 6-8 Intermediate High Intermediate ELL LANGUAGE Standard English Conventions Standard The student will identify and apply conventions of standard English in his or her communications. HI-1,2: Justify use of singular vs. plural nouns, common vs. proper

More information

1. Why do we use adjective clauses?

1. Why do we use adjective clauses? ADJECTIVE CLAUSES 1. Why do we use adjective clauses? to give more information about a noun or noun phrase I saw the movie. ( Which one??? ) to give more specific information about a noun or noun phrase

More information

Commas. Dr. Karen Petit

Commas. Dr. Karen Petit Commas Dr. Karen Petit The Logic of Commas If no comma separates two words, readers will join them together. Commas show readers the parts of an idea. Incorrect and Confusing: The classroom was absolutely

More information

White Mere Community Primary School

White Mere Community Primary School White Mere Community Primary School KS2 Grammar and Punctuation Overview To ensure our pupils have a complete and secure understanding of discrete grammatical terms, punctuation and spelling rules, discrete

More information

concrete and an abstract noun.

concrete and an abstract noun. GRAMMAR & USAGE Table of Contents iii Introduction................................. iv Parts of Speech............................... 1 Sentences....................................... 41 Phrases.........................................

More information

Monday Simple Sentence

Monday Simple Sentence Monday Simple Sentence Definition: A simple sentence is exactly what it sounds like, simple. It has a tensed verb (past or present), a subject, and expresses a complete thought. A simple sentence is also

More information

Module 4 Simple, compound and complex sentences

Module 4 Simple, compound and complex sentences Module 4 Simple, compound and complex sentences Aim This module highlights the difference between compound and complex sentences. It also shows a variety of ways in which complex sentences can be constructed.

More information

Grammar and Mechanics Test 4

Grammar and Mechanics Test 4 Grammar and Mechanics 4 Name: Instructions: Copyright 2000-2002 Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved : Grammar and Mechanics 4 1. Which sentence contains a possessive noun? A. You are the only one talking

More information

Level 5 Homeschool Teacher s Manual iii

Level 5 Homeschool Teacher s Manual iii Chapter 1 Pages 1-10 STUDY SKILLS (Long-term Goals and Short-term Goals) Beginning setup plan for homeschool SKILLS (Synonyms, Antonyms), Six-Step Vocabulary Plan, VOCABULARY #1 WRITING (Journal), STUDY,

More information

Saved by the Bell: Bellwork Weeks #1-2

Saved by the Bell: Bellwork Weeks #1-2 Saved by the Bell: Bellwork Weeks #1-2 Each week, we will use the first minutes of class to review rules of grammar and usage, sentence structure, and punctuation. My goal is that these bellwork sessions

More information

Rubrics & Checklists

Rubrics & Checklists Rubrics & Checklists fulfilling Common Core s for Fifth Grade Informative Writing Self-evaluation that's easy to use and comprehend Scoring that's based on Common Core expectations Checklists that lead

More information

Christina School District Pacing Guide th Grade Writing

Christina School District Pacing Guide th Grade Writing Christina School District Pacing Guide 2008-2009 5 th Grade Writing DATES: 8/25-10/09 of literary techniques (e.g., style, tone, word choice). 4) A writer selects a form based on his purpose. Essential

More information

SAMPLE. Table of Contents. Introduction...3. How to Use This Book...4. Minute Journal...6. Scope and Sequence...7. Grammar Minutes...

SAMPLE. Table of Contents. Introduction...3. How to Use This Book...4. Minute Journal...6. Scope and Sequence...7. Grammar Minutes... Table of Contents Introduction..............................................3 How to Use This Book...................................4 Minute Journal..........................................6 Scope and

More information

Getting a Sense of the Sentence

Getting a Sense of the Sentence Getting a Sense of the Sentence The purpose of this handout is to give you a brief overview of what a correct sentence is and how to write different types of correct sentences. Definition of a Correct

More information

LESSON 5: PRONOUNS & COMMANDS (IMPERATIVE SENTENCES)

LESSON 5: PRONOUNS & COMMANDS (IMPERATIVE SENTENCES) LESSON 5: PRONOUNS & COMMANDS (IMPERATIVE SENTENCES) In this lesson, we re covering two seemingly different topics: pronouns and commands. Pronouns are a part of speech, and commands are a type of sentence.

More information