7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense

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1 Chapter 7 Verb Usage Emphatic Verb Tense The emphatic tenses of a verb are used to add emphasis. In addition, the emphatic tense can be used with the word not in negative sentences and to form questions. The emphatic forms are used in only two tenses, the present tense and the past tense. Present Emphatic Tense The present emphatic tense is formed by adding the first principle part (present tense) of the main verb to the helping verb do or does. Emphasis: They do leave early. Alan does swim daily. I do wash the dishes every night. Marla does follow the instructions. Negative Sentences: They do not leave early. Alan does not swim daily. I do not wash the dishes every night. Marla does not follow the instructions.

2 212 Questions: Chapter 7 Verb Usage Do they leave early? Does Alan swim daily? Do you wash the dishes every night? Does Marla follow the instructions? Past Emphatic Tense The past emphatic tense is formed by adding the first principle part (present tense) of the main verb to the helping verb did. Emphasis: They did leave early. Alan did swim daily. I did wash the dishes every night. Marla did follow the instructions. Negative Sentences: They did not leave early. Alan did not swim daily. I did not wash the dishes every night. Marla did not follow the instructions.

3 Chapter 7 Verb Usage 213 Questions: Did they leave early? Did Alan swim daily? Did you wash the dishes every night? Did Marla follow the instructions? The emphatic forms of the verb walk: Singular Plural Present Emphatic First person: I do walk we do walk Second person: you do walk you do walk Third person: he, she, it does walk they do walk Past Emphatic First person: I did walk we did walk Second person: you did walk you did walk Third person: he, she, it did walk they did walk

4 248 Chapter 8 Sentence Structure 8.3 Conjunctive Adverbs A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that can connect independent clauses to form a compound sentence. When joining two independent clauses with a conjunctive adverb, place a semicolon before the conjunctive adverb and a comma after it. He has talent; therefore, he practices the oboe daily. Independent Semicolon, Independent Clause Conjunctive Adverb, Clause and Comma In this example, the conjunctive adverb therefore connects two independent clauses. A semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb and a comma follows it. More examples: Ella saw the new movie; however, she did not enjoy it. Independent Semicolon, Independent Clause Conjunctive Adverb, Clause and Comma Ana is allergic to flowers; nonetheless, she buys them. Independent Semicolon, Independent Clause Conjunctive Adverb, Clause and Comma

5 Chapter 8 Sentence Structure 249 Some of the most common conjunctive adverbs are listed below. accordingly however nonetheless also indeed otherwise besides instead still consequently likewise subsequently finally meanwhile then furthermore moreover therefore hence nevertheless thus Conjunctive adverbs may move around in the clause in which they appear. A conjunctive adverb that appears at the end of a clause is preceded by a comma and followed by a period. Ella saw the new movie; she did not enjoy it, however. Ana is allergic to flowers; she buys them, nonetheless.

6 250 Chapter 8 Sentence Structure A conjunctive adverb can be used to interrupt a clause. No semicolon is necessary in this instance. Commas both precede and follow it. Either movie, however, is fine with me. The family, meanwhile, had a garage sale. In these examples, the conjunctive adverbs however and meanwhile are each used to interrupt one clause. Some words in the conjunctive adverb list can also be used as simple adverbs. No semicolon is necessary when they are used this way. Just remember, when they are used to join independent clauses they are conjunctive adverbs. Simple Adverb: He was finally able to eat lunch. Conjunctive Adverb: His car broke; finally, he called a mechanic.

7 Chapter 7 Verb Usage Worksheet 7.5 (Emphatic Verb Tense) Name A. Look at the verb phrase in bold in each sentence. Write present emphatic or past emphatic to describe its tense. 1. Rhianna does not buy many new clothes. 2. They did not work hard this year. 3. Does Charles have good manners? 4. I do need a new pencil. 5. Did she turn her work in on time? 6. We do hope the weather improves. 7. Does Allen expect to get the job? 8. He does not run slowly. 9. You did not spend too much on those shoes. 10. She did need glasses. B. Write your own sentences using the emphatic verbs listed below. The words in parentheses tell how to use the emphatic verb forms. 1. do need (question) 2. does eat (emphasis) 3. did give (negative sentence) 4. do play (emphasis) Copyright 2010 Growing With Grammar Level 8. All Rights Reserved. 133

8 Chapter 7 Verb Usage C. Complete each sentence by writing the form of the verb indicated in parentheses. 1. I how to make dinner. (present emphatic of know) 2. Mom fresh tomatoes! (present emphatic of serve) 3. He you before he left. (past emphatic of call) 4. Tamika for the test. (past emphatic of study) 5. She from the high board. (present emphatic of dive) 6. Dad to our story. (past emphatic of listen) Review (7.3) D. Look at the underlined verb or verb phrase in each sentence. Circle present, past, or future to describe its tense. 1. I do my homework every day. Present Past Future 2. We will eat roast beef for dinner. Present Past Future 3. They will play tennis tomorrow. Present Past Future 4. The pilot flies once a week. Present Past Future 5. It rained when we went to Seattle. Present Past Future Review (7.3) E. Look at the underlined verb phrase in each sentence. Circle present perfect, past perfect, or future perfect to describe its tense. 1. My uncle had spoken to the Governor before. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect 2. We have taken this test already. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect 3. He had tried three times to open the door. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect 4. She has been happy all day. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect 5. Don will have finished that book by tomorrow. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect Review (1.5, 3.2, 3.4, 4.4, & 5.5) F. Diagram this sentence. 1. Mom and Dad have been preparing an extremely delicious dinner. Copyright 2010 Growing With Grammar Level 8. All Rights Reserved. 134

9 Chapter 8 Sentence Structure Worksheet 8.3 (Conjunctive Adverbs) Name A. Draw a line under each conjunctive adverb. 1. Our baseball team is undefeated; nonetheless, we practice daily. 2. The leader did not show up; thus, they cancelled the meeting. 3. There was no food in the cabinet; therefore, we went shopping. 4. I will weed the garden; meanwhile, you cut the grass. 5. She went to the store; however, she did not buy anything. 6. We do not go to ball games; instead, we watch them on television. 7. Everyone was tired; nevertheless, John continued his speech. 8. Jeff is the fastest runner on our team; indeed, he won first place. B. Combine each pair of simple sentences to form a compound sentence. Use a conjunctive adverb along with a semicolon and a comma to join the simple sentences. 1. I will go. You can stay home. 2. Bradley came to the game. He had to leave early. 3. The movie was over. I went home. 4. Mario left the house. He forgot his books. 5. It might rain. You should bring your coat. Copyright 2010 Growing With Grammar Level 8. All Rights Reserved. 157

10 Chapter 8 Sentence Structure C. Underline the conjunctive adverb in each sentence. Punctuate these sentences correctly. Some sentences will require a semicolon and a comma. Some sentences will require one or more commas. 1. Adam did not do well on the test furthermore he did not try. 2. Jim s brother nevertheless is going with him. 3. He always loses his gloves therefore he keeps some in a pack. 4. I wanted to cross the pond the ice was too thin however. 5. Dad s car however has new brakes. 6. You must know your password you cannot log on otherwise. Review (7.4) D. Write a sentence for each of the following verbs, using the forms indicated in parentheses. 1. teach (present progressive) 2. sleep (future progressive) 3. smile (present perfect progressive) 4. listen (past perfect progressive) Review (4.4, 4.7, 5.5, & 6.5) E. Diagram this sentence. 1. My very good friend with long brown hair is extremely beautiful and unusually tall. Copyright 2010 Growing With Grammar Level 8. All Rights Reserved. 158

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