Monday Simple Sentence

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1 Monday Simple Sentence Definition: A simple sentence is exactly what it sounds like, simple. It has a tensed verb (past or present), a subject, and expresses a complete thought. A simple sentence is also known as an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE (9.2). Some people run from their past. (This is a Simple Sentence, and is complete) Running from your past. (This is NOT a complete sentence: no tensed verb) Because I don t want to repeat myself. (Not a complete thought) You Try: Identify if the following are complete sentences (Independent Clauses) The tall, red-haired boy. Jeff falls asleep. In class all the time.

2 Tuesday Compound Sentences Definition: A compound sentence is when you join 2 complete sentences, or two INDEPENDENT CLAUSES together with a Coordinating Conjunction (9.1). Remember FANBOYS. The two sentences must be somehow related, and that relationship can determine which conjunction to use. Joe waited for the train, but the train was late. I did not hear my alarm go off, nor was I on time to work! You can do your homework, or you can do your chores. A comma [, ] comes before the conjunction. Remember that both parts must be able to stand on their own as sentences. You Try: Combine these sentence pairs below into one COMPOUND SENTENCE. I looked for Mary at the bus station. She left before I could get there. Mary left before I arrived. I did not see her at the bus station.

3 Random note: There is a difference between a compound sentence, and a sentence with a compound verb. Observe: #1) Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, and they left on the bus. (Compound Sentence) #2) They arrived at the station before noon and left on the bus. (Simple Sentence with a compound verb. Try and split it at the conjunction) Mary Samantha and arrived station and noon They arrived station and left bus noon they left bus

4 Wednesday Complex sentences Definition: A COMPLEX sentence is when you combine an INDEPENDENT CLUASE and a DEPENDANT CLAUSE to form a complete sentence. Definition 2: A DEPENDANT CLAUSE is a group of words that has a subject and a tensed verb, but does NOT express a complete thought. A DEPENDENT CLAUSE will start with a Subordinating Conjunction (9.2) and needs the I.C. to provide context. The book that you are reading is my favorite. I had to go home after I got caught in the rain. When I got to school, I got splashed with water. REMEMBER: If the DEPENDENT CLAUSE starts the sentence, it is followed by a comma. If the Independent Clause starts the sentences there is no punctuation. You Try: Turn these fragments into complete sentences by making up an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE that fits with the provided DEPENDANT CLAUSE. Since I didn t want to repeat myself, because Sheila had six sisters.

5 Thursday Compound-Complex Sentence Definition: A Compound-Complex sentence is exactly what it sounds like: a sentence that has two independent clauses joined together and at least one dependent clause. Since he was here, he helped me roll up the rug, and then we took it upstairs. I walked and fed the dog, and my wife fed the cats before we went out to dinner. Using different sentence types will make your writing more varied. But using the different types requires recognizing the relationships between different sentences, and what you are trying to say. You Try: Combine the following sentences into one compound-complex sentence. Spot ran away. Spot hid for hours. Spot s owner yelled at him. Mia groomed Zoe. Zoe became annoyed. Zoe attacked Mia.

6 Friday Dependent Clauses Definition: Just a reminder: A DEPENDENT CLAUSE is a group of words that has a subject and a tensed verb, but does NOT express a complete thought. Definition 2: Dependent Clauses function as a single part of speech, either as Adjectives Clauses, Adverb Clauses, or Noun Clauses. When they function as that part of speech, the function just like a single word would. We will go for a walk after it stops raining. (Adverb modifying verb, telling when we will walk) The book that you loaned me is overdue. (Adjective, modifying book) What he said really upset me. (Noun, subject of upset) I know that you are very worried. (Noun, object of worried) You Try: Identify what type of DEPENDENT CLAUSE are in each sentence. (Adjective, Adverb, or Noun) I didn t like the program that we were watching. Scratch it where it itches. What you said surprised everyone there.

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