Subject and Predicates

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1 Name: Per: Subject and Predicates Every independent clause can be separated into two parts: Complete subject and Complete predicate. Complete subject Complete predicate All the words that describe who or what is doing Describes the action or describes who/what the the action or who/what the sentence is about. subject is. Usually is found at the beginning of the The verb or an adverb is usually the first word of sentence the predicate! 1.Jack rides his bike. 2.Jack, the boy down the street, rides his bike to school every day Rewrite the sentences and place into either the complete subject or the complete predicate. 1. Jack rides his bike. 2. Jack, the boy down the street, rides his bike to school every day. 3. Jack and Cyrus are my friends. 4. Planets in the solar system reflect light from the sun. 5. Ganymede is the biggest satellite in the solar system. 6. The planets closest to Earth are Mercury, Venus, and Mars. 7. My brother likes to catch fireflies at night. 8. Dr. Davis at the animal clinic treated my dog for fleas. 9. The hare takes a nap during the race. 10. Sometimes, a wicked witch puts the princess under a spell. Simple Subjects and Simple Predicates Using the sentences above, write the simple subjects and the simple predicates. Simple Subject The main noun or pronoun in the complete subject Cannot be in a prepositional phrase Simple Predicate Fancy term for the verb or verb phrase Does not include any adverbs or prepositional phrases Copy and paste for more practice:

2 Introduction to Prepositional Phrases (Yippee!) Student should be able to use and identify: o prepositional phrases o o prepositions objects of the preposition. The Basics: A preposition is a word that shows a relationship between a noun or a pronoun to some other word in the sentence. (Are you confused yet? Hold on; don t give up. It s easier than it sounds!) Phrases are groups of words! (Simple so far, right?) However, they are not complete sentences as they do not have a subject, and/or a verb. Complete sentences may have prepositional phrases in them. Prepositions add information to the sentences. They often tell: Where something occurs- Example: in the house or under the desk When something happened Example: before dinner or during the movie Movement- Example: towards the lake or away from the edge Other- These don t fall under the other categories- Example: according to or in spite of Know these also! of at as according to for with in spite of since despite in place of over; above around during about except across past toward in inside from into within out; out of through under; underneath; beneath Write the following prepositions in the correct locations on the graphic: down; up; against; by; beside; on; between; near; next to; amid; among; to

3 You need to know: Every prepositional phrase: Begins with a preposition Ends with an object (a noun or a pronoun) May have modifiers such as the (articles or other adjectives) Example: over the bridge Beanie Baby Examples The Beanie Baby is: Preposition Modifiers (adjectives) Object of the preposition Your own examples Part I: Underline the prepositional phrases in each sentence. Then draw an arrow from the preposition to the object of the preposition. 1. The train raced through the tunnel. 2. Brian walked toward the ballpark after school. 3. Ask Dad for the keys to the boat. 4. The safe is behind the painting on this wall. 5. Without a doubt, Natalie will arrive before us. 6. Throughout the day, newscasters broke into the regular programs with special bulletins. 7. Cassie has not been in town since last month. 8. It is difficult to work during vacation. Copy and paste the link for more practice:

4 Linking verbs and Subject complements LINKING VERBS connect the subject of a sentence to a word or words in the predicate. These words are called subject complements- predicate nouns or predicate adjectives. predicate nouns rename the subject predicate adjectives describe the subject Dodgen students are awesome! ALWAYS LINKING Verbs am are is was were be been being becomes seems predicate adjective Dodgen students are stars! Sometimes Linking Verbs appears feels grows looks proves remains smells sounds tastes turns predicate noun Predicate Nouns (nominatives) and Predicate Adjectives These are similar to direct objects except they apply to linking verbs. Daniel is a good cook. 1)First, cross out all prepositional phrases, if there are any. 2)Next, find the subject and the linking verb. 3)Ask yourself Who? or What? 4)If the answer is a noun, then it is a predicate noun (also called nominative). If the answer is an adjective, then it is a predicate adjective. 5) Daniel is what? a cook- cook is a noun in this sentence, so cook is the predicate nominative. Copy and paste the link below to practice identifying predicate nouns/adjectives

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