1 SENTENCE STRUCTURE An independent clause can be a complete sentence on its own. It has a subject and a verb. A dependent clause cannot be a complete sentence on its own. It depends on the independent clause to complete its meaning. Independent and Dependent Clauses Example: Before starting her project, Elaine had to research at the library. Independent Clause: Elaine had to research at the library. Dependent Clause: Before starting her project, Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is what (or who) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject. A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period, a question mark, or an exclamation point. The different types of sentences are identified by how they are constructed and by how they express thoughts. Good writers use a mixture of different sentence structures in their writing. Varying sentences makes writing more colorful and interesting. Simple Sentence A simple sentence contains one independent clause. Example: The dog barks. Compound Sentence A compound sentence contains more than one independent clause. Example: The dog barks, and then it goes to sleep. Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Example: After the dog barks, it goes to sleep. Compound-Complex Sentence A compound-complex sentence contains more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Example: After the dog barks, it goes to sleep, and then it wakes up.
2 Participial Phrases and Gerunds Learning to use gerunds and participial phrases is an important aspect of becoming a good writer and editor. Keep reading to learn more about these parts of speech. Gerund A gerund ends in -ing and can be used as a noun. A gerund is based on a verb. It shows action or a state of being. However, since a gerund works as a noun, it does the same thing in a sentence that a noun does. examples: Jogging is good exercise. My favorite thing is sleeping. Participial Phrases A participle is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed. A participle is based on a verb. It shows an action or a state of being. However, since a participle works as an adjective, it can also modify nouns or pronouns. There are two types of participles: present participles and past participles. Present participles end in -ing. Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n, as in the words asked, eaten, saved, dealt, and seen. examples: The crying baby had a wet diaper. The burnt log fell off the fire.
3 Appositives An appositive is a noun or pronoun that renames or stands for another noun. Because most appositives are nonrestrictive (that means they add on extra information that is unnecessary for the reader), you should use commas around the appositives. But, you should be aware that some appositives are restrictive (that means they add on information that is absolutely necessary for the reader), and restrictive appositives do not use commas. Examples: The well-known writer Murray Spats will be visiting the school Friday. Murray Spats is the appositive. The name is restrictive because the information is important to the meaning of the sentence. Our teacher Mr. Johnson won't be here today. Mr. Johnson is the teacher's name. This is restrictive because without knowing his name, it could be any teacher that will be absent. The words "no" and "please" are not in his vocabulary. This is restrictive because without knowing which words are not in his vocabulary, we're only left to guess. Ann Smith, the accordion player, will be in concert Friday. This is nonrestrictive. The accordion player is extra information. If it was left out, the sentence would still make sense. We don't need to know that she's an accordion player for the sentence to work. Mr. Buttons, the butler, is still missing. This is nonrestrictive. We don't need to know what Mr. Buttons does. Knowing that he's missing is enough information.
4 Indefinite Pronouns Indefinite pronouns are words that replace nouns without specifying which noun they replace. It is important to know which indefinite pronouns are singular, plural, or both. This will help you know which verb to use. Singular Indefinite Pronouns Here are some examples: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something. Singular indefinite pronouns take singular verbs. examples: Each of these tests gets easier and easier. Everybody knows who will win tonight. Either is okay with me. Plural Indefinite Pronouns Here are some examples: both, few, many, others, several Plural indefinite pronouns take plural verbs. examples: Both know what to expect. Few ever fall the second time. Many imagine only the best. Singular or Plural Indefinite Pronouns Here are some examples: all, any, more, most, none, some The pronouns all, any, more, most, none, and some take a singular or a plural verb depending on whether what they refer to is singular or plural. examples: All of the newspaper is wet. Singular Most of the sky is clear of clouds. Plural All of the members do as they please. Most of the shirts are ruined.
5 Verb Tenses The chart below lists the standard verb tenses with examples. Simple tenses show that an action happens in the present, past, or future. Present Singular Plural 1st Person I walk/draw we walk/draw 2nd Person you walk/draw you walk/draw 3rd Person he/she/it walks/draws they walk/draw Past Singular Plural 1st Person I walked/drew we walked/drew 2nd Person you walked/drew you walked/drew 3rd Person he/she/it walked/drew they walked/drew Future Singular Plural 1st Person I will walk/draw we will walk/draw 2nd Person you will walk/draw you will walk/draw 3rd Person he/she/it will walk/draw they will walk/draw Perfect tenses show that an action was or will be completed before another time or action. Present Perfect Singular Plural 1st Person I have walked/drawn we have walked/drawn 2nd Person you have walked/drawn you have walked/drawn 3rd Person he/she/it has walked/drawn they have walked/drawn Past Perfect Singular Plural 1st Person I had walked/drawn we had walked/drawn 2nd Person you had walked/drawn you had walked/drawn 3rd Person he/she/it had walked/drawn they had walked/drawn Future Perfect Singular Plural 1st Person I will have walked/drawn we will have walked/drawn 2nd Person you will have walked/drawn you will have walked/drawn 3rd Person he/she/it will have walked/drawn they will have walked/drawn
6 Progressive tenses show continuing action. Present Progressive Singular Plural 1st Person I am walking/drawing we are walking/drawing 2nd Person you are walking/drawing you are walking/drawing 3rd Person he/she/it is walking/drawing they are walking/drawing Past Progressive Singular Plural 1st Person I was walking/drawing we were walking/drawing 2nd Person you were walking/drawing you were walking/drawing 3rd Person he/she/it was walking/drawing they were walking/drawing Future Progressive Singular Plural 1st Person I will be walking/drawing we will be walking/drawing 2nd Person you will be walking/drawing you will be walking/drawing 3rd Person he/she/it will be walking/drawing they will be walking/drawing Phrases and Clauses A phrase is a group of words that acts as a single part of speech. A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb. Phrases There are several types of phrases. example: Sally, an excellent singer, will be singing the main part in the musical. In this sentence, one phrase is will be singing. This is a verb phrase that functions as a verb. The example sentence also has two other phrases in it. It has an appositive phrase. An appositive is a word that gives added information about a noun. An appositive phrase is an appositive plus modifiers. Can you see that the appositive phrase in the example sentence is an excellent singer? *Punctuation note:if an appositive or appositive phrase gives information necessary to understanding the sentence, no commas are needed. If an appositive or appositive phrase gives extra, unnecessary information, set it apart with commas. Finally, the example sentence has a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition. A prepositional phrase can act as an adjective or adverb. In the example sentence, the prepositional phrase in the musical acts as an adjective modifying the noun part. It answers the question which part?
7 Clauses There are two kinds of clauses. Independent Clause This clause can also be a sentence. examples: John runs. John, a boy in sixth grade, runs very fast around the track. * Punctuation note: Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) that joins two independent clauses. Dependent Clause This clause has a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause will begin with a subordinating conjunction, such as if, when, that, unless. They make the clause they are added to less important than an independent clause. The dependent clause depends on an independent clause for its meaning. example: I will go outside if the rain ever stops falling. After the teacher graded the tests, she reported the results to the class. * Punctuation note: If a dependent clause comes at the beginning of the sentence, use a comma after the clause (like in the second sentence above). Do not use a comma if the dependent clause comes at the end of a sentence (like in the first sentence above). Example: (1) I always take along a swimming suit. (2) When I go to my Aunt Carolyn's house. (3) She has a swimming pool in her own backyard. Which one of these is a dependent clause and, therefore, not a complete sentence? Sentence (2) is a dependent clause that begins with a subordinating conjunction.
8 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers A modifier describes, clarifies, gives more detail, and adds to or sets limits on a certain word or word group. It is important to place modifiers in their proper place within sentences in order to avoid confusion about who or what is being modified. Misplaced Modifier A misplaced modifier doesn't modify the word it is trying to modify, and this can confuse the reader. example: When I was at the market yesterday, I only browsed the movies. Because of the word only, this sentence can be read three different ways: 1. Did you only look at the movies and not buy any? 2. Did you only look at the movies and nothing else? 3. Were you the only one who looked at the movies? The way to clear this up is to move the placement of the word only so that it looks like this: When I was at the market yesterday, I browsed only the movies. Now, the sentence means you looked at the movies and nothing else, and it is clearer to you and your readers. Dangling Modifier Another example of a problem with modifiers is the dangling modifier. When you start a sentence with a dangling modifier that doesn't state the person, thing, or idea being modified, your readers will think that the modifier is meant for the subject of the clause that follows the modifying phrase. example: Rushing to get home before the rain started, her car almost ran over a dog. The sentence seems correct, but the car can't actually hit anything without the driver who drives it. A better way to state the sentence would be like this: Rushing to get home before the rain started, she almost ran over a dog with her car.
9 Fragments, Run-Ons, and Comma Splices To be a good writer, express your thoughts with clear and complete sentences. Sometimes writers break a thought into too many parts. This causes incomplete sentences, or fragments. Other times, writers will string too many clauses together within a sentence. This can make writing difficult for the reader to understand. Run-On Sentence A run-on sentence (also called a fused sentence) is when two sentences are joined together without a word to connect them or punctuation to separate them. Run-On: On Saturday, Bill went to the baseball game unfortunately rain delayed the game for three hours. Correction: On Saturday, Bill went to the ball game. Unfortunately, rain delayed the game for three hours. Comma Splice A comma splice occurs when you include the comma between two independent clauses without a conjunction. There are different ways to correct this. You could include a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) when joining two main clauses with a comma. If you'd rather not use a conjunction, eliminate the comma and use a semicolon. You could also make the independent clauses separate sentences. Comma Splice: Luz and Domino walked to school, they were still early. Correction: Luz and Domino walked to school, and they were still early. Correction: Luz and Domino walked to school; they were still early. Correction: Luz and Domino walked to school. They were still early. Sentence Fragment A fragment is an incomplete sentence. It is often created when a writer incorrectly breaks a sentence in two. Using end punctuation and capitalization carefully will help you avoid sentence fragments. Fragment: Please keep trying. Until you succeed. Correction: Please keep trying until you succeed.
10 Fragment: Dad tried to return the pink-elephant suitcase that my little sister got him. Even though he had no receipt. Correction: Dad tried to return the pink-elephant suitcase that my little sister got him even though he had no receipt. Subject-Verb Agreement Subjects and verbs must agree with one another in number. In the present tense, a singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb. Below is a list of common subject-verb agreement rules. Singular verbs end in -s. Unlike nouns, the plural form of a verb is not made by adding an -s (or -es) to the ending. It's actually the opposite. For present-tense verbs, adding the -s to the end makes it singular. If the verb is plural, there is no -s ending used. Singular Verbs The pilot flies the airplane. The cloud drifts through the air. Plural Verbs The pilots fly the airplane. The clouds drift through the air.
11 Compound subjects with and take a plural verb. A subject that is made up of two or more nouns is a compound subject. When the parts are connected by and, the subject is plural, so it takes a plural verb. The boy and his companion walk along the pier. The athlete, the agent, and the owner agree to the terms. Subjects with singular nouns joined by or or nor take a singular verb. Either the dog or the cat goes to the vet today. Neither the hiker nor the mountaineer needs a map. Subjects with a singular noun and a plural noun joined by or or nor take the verb that agrees with the closer noun. Ted or his parents walk the dog daily. Neither the sailors nor their captain enjoys a harsh storm. Subjects are not in modifying phrases. When the subject and the verb are separated by other words or phrases, make sure the verb agrees with the subject, not with a noun within the phrase. One of the packets contains a surprise. The people along the boardwalk watch the tourists. The man with all the dogs walks about dizzily. Don't let those phrases fool you. Phrases using with, together with, including, accompanied by, in addition to, or as well do not change whether a subject is singular or plural. If the subject is singular, the verb should be as well. The young cadet, accompanied by his leader, runs to the rescue. The sea captain, as well as his sailors, is hungry for adventure. Nouns with a plural form but with a singular meaning take singular verbs. Nouns such as United States, civics, mathematics, measles, and news take singular verbs. The United States contains many people. The news is good.
12 Nouns such as scissors, tweezers, trousers, jeans, and shears take plural verbs. These nouns may appear to have a singular meaning, but each of these things is made up of two parts. Trousers make the man. Tweezers are nifty tools. Collective nouns usually take singular verbs. A collective noun has a singular form even though it refers to a group of individuals or things. Examples include army, audience, crowd, group, team, committee, class, and family. These nouns take a singular verb when the group acts as one unit. The team runs around the track after practice. The committee elects new members. The family goes to the park. However, a plural verb is used when people or things within a group act separately. The retired group have gone their separate ways. The class disagree on which method is best. If the subject follows the verb, the subject and verb should still agree. When the normal subject-verb order is inverted in a sentence, the verb still agrees with the subject. For example, in sentences beginning with there or here, the subject follows the verb. Since neither there nor here is ever the subject of a sentence, the verb agrees with the noun that follows the verb. There are clues to be found. Here is your snack. With words that indicate portions, look to the object of the preposition. With words that indicate portions percent, fraction, part, majority, some, all, none, remainder, and so forth look at the object of the preposition (the noun following the of phrase) to determine whether to use a singular or plural verb. If the object of the preposition is singular, use a singular verb. If the object of the preposition is plural, use a plural verb. Three-fourths of the pizza has been eaten. One-half of the pizzas were topped with pepperoni.
The Writing Center Directed Learning Activities Subject-Verb Agreement AmLa and English 67 Student Name: Date: Instructor: Course: IMPORTANT NOTE: All the activities (3) in the DLA must be completed in
Verbals Gerunds Infinitives Participles Gerunds A Gerund is a verbal that ends in ing and functions as a noun (S, SC, DO, APP, OP). Gerund as subject: Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences.
Page 1 of 8 Summary of Basic Grammar Prepared by Marjorie D. Lewis Part of Speech Noun = naming words Forms that can function as nouns: Common noun: names a thing (house), person (man), or concept (love)
Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Language Stage CCSS* Supporting Speaking and Writing for Students with Complex Communication
TERMS Parts of Speech Noun: a word that names a person, place, thing, quality, or idea (examples: Maggie, Alabama, clarinet, satisfaction, socialism). Pronoun: a word used in place of a noun (examples:
English 11 Unit 1 Worksheet Sentence Problems DIRECTIONS: Do the practice exercises in each section below after reading how to fix these six common grammatical errors. ERROR 1: SENTENCE FRAGMENTS A sentence
Cohesive devices Teacher resource: textual features Textual features relevant to the second objective of Dimension 2 are described below. These are features that teachers may like to draw on to further
For the Grammar Nazi in you Grammar 101 A Sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. has two basic parts: a subject and a predicate The subject tells whom or what the sentence is about
Analytical Grammar Pre/Post Test Name Season One: 1. In the following sentence: I really enjoyed the basketball game. What part of speech is the word BASKETBALL? a. verb b. adjective c. noun d. article
T 1. Define and Know (D) 2. Recognize (R) 3. Apply automatically (A) ACT English Grade 10 Usage and Mechanics Conventions of Usage (16%) Subject-verb agreement Principal parts of verbals Verb forms and
1 GRAMMAR Eight Parts of Speech Noun Pronoun Adjective Verb Adverb Conjunction Preposition Interjection Noun Name or classify persons, places, things, and concepts 1. Proper Nouns: Name particular people,
Sentences: Types, and Common Mistakes Sentences are classified as simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. This designation is based on the clauses used to create the sentence. Clauses: Every clause
If you have glanced through the Writing Center s resources, you can see that there are a lot of things to know about grammar, and a lot of mistakes that students can make with grammar. However, the most
LÍNGUA INGLESA III B - COMPREENSÃO E PRODUÇÃO ESCRITA CLASS 02 TOPIC 03: CHECKING SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT Adapted from: SMALZER, William R. Write to be read reading, reflection and
Merced College Prep2Test Workshop Prep2Test The purpose of this presentation is to provide future students a brief review before taking the Merced College Accuplacer test. This presentation is not designed
Twenty Common Usage and Punctuation Errors 1. Missing comma after an introductory element Use a comma after introductory phrases of three or four words. Correct: When the concert was about to begin, the
Excellence in Business Communication, 12e (Thill/Bovee) Chapter 17 Handbook of Grammar, Mechanics, and Usage 1) Which of the following is a demonstrative pronoun? A) he B) this C) who D) anyone E) either
Common Grammatical and Rhetorical Problems English 1406/1413/1423 The Ten Most Serious Problems Sentence Fragments Comma Splices Run-On or Fused Sentences Faulty Parallelisms Misplaced Modifiers Subject-Verb
Grade and Unit Timeframe Grammar Mechanics K Unit 1 6 weeks Oral grammar naming words K Unit 2 6 weeks Oral grammar Capitalization of a Name action words K Unit 3 6 weeks Oral grammar sentences Sentence
CLAD Grammar & Writing Workshops Adjective Clauses This workshop includes: review of the rules for choice of adjective pronouns oral practice sentence combining practice practice correcting errors in adjective
Index Index 343 Index A A, an (usage), 8, 123 A, an, the (articles), 8, 123 diagraming, 205 Abbreviations, correct use of, 18 19, 273 Abstract nouns, defined, 4, 63 Accept, except, 12, 227 Action verbs,
THE GALLOWAY SCHOOL YEAR-AT-A-GLANCE Where Magnificent Minds Thrive! GRAMMAR 3 rd Quarter One Text: Sadlier Grammar Workshop Level Orange Unit 1: The Sentence Lesson 1: Kinds of Sentences Punctuate sentences
Kinds of Sentences There are four kinds of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory. 1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. It tells something, states a fact or opinion,
Well-rdered Language Scope and Sequence Well-rdered Language (WL) is a comprehensive and sequential approach to teaching English grammar using analytical tools in a delightful way. WL s innovative oral
GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS Understanding Relative Clauses A relative (or adjective) clause modifies a noun or pronoun and is introduced by a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, or that) or occasionally
Making subjects and verbs agree Adapted from The Bedford Handbook Seventh Edition Make the verb agree with its subject, not with a word that comes between. Word groups often come between the subject and
SAMPLE LESSON FOR PRONOUNS IDEFINITE PRONOUNS Quick Explanation: Pronouns stand in the place of the noun or nouns. This reduces the number of times the noun is repeated. There are many forms of pronouns.
Avoiding Run-On Sentences, Comma Splices, and Fragments Understanding sentence structure helps in identifying and correcting run-on sentences and sentence fragments. A computer s spell checker does not
Notes and Exercises A sentence is made up of three parts. SUBJECT: What or whom the sentence is about. VERB: What the subject did or is. The REST: Everything else in the sentence. EXAMPLES Rachel talks
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT Basic Principle: Singular subjects need singular verbs; plural subjects need plural verbs. My sister is a teacher. My brothers are engineers. 1. The indefinite pronouns anyone, everyone,
Sentence Parts Daily Grammar Practice Day 2 Tuesday what do I do with all those labels from Monday? First, don t ignore what you did yesterday. Use Monday s labels as a guide. 1. Label any prepositional
Name: Date: 1. Which sentence needs a comma? A. After we eat dinner, we should go to the movies. B. She wanted to play football, and she made the team. C. The following announcement is sponsored by the
Using Phrases Here s the Idea Prepositional Phrase A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object. It can function as an adverb or an adjective. Here s the
MyReadinessTest for English & Mathematics Writing Content Library Topics & Objectives Module 1) Basic Grammar Topic: 1.1: Parts of Speech, Phrases, Clauses 1. Identify how different parts of speech function
Name 4th Grade Sentence Structures 1. Complete Sentences A complete sentence is a set of words that contains a subject and a predicate. Here is a basic complete sentence: Fish swim. It is possible to have
Monday Simple Sentence Definition: A simple sentence is exactly what it sounds like, simple. It has a tensed verb (past or present), a subject, and expresses a complete thought. A simple sentence is also
Bible Daily Grammar Practice Level V Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) is a different way to learn grammar. Students get one sentence to work with each week, and each day they spend just a few minutes doing
Name: Date: Diagnostic Exam for Parts of Speech, Run- On Sentences, Comma Splicing, and Fragments 1. For each of the following, write correct if the words represent sentences that are written correctly
Common Core State Standards: Copyright 2010. National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Council of Chief State School Officers. All rights reserved. This work is protected by U.S. and
Crash Course on Grammar, Common Usage and APA style Ioakim Boutakidis, Ph.D. Dept of Child & Adolescent Studies CSUF 2010 I. Punctuation: Comma Use College students generally do a good job with basic punctuation,
Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences A sentence is a group of words that names something and makes a statement about what is named. A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence because it lacks a subject,
Independent Clauses An independent clause (IC) contains at least one subject and one verb and can stand by itself as a simple sentence. Here are examples of independent clauses. Because these sentences
Definition: What is a fragment? A fragment is an incomplete sentence. It does not express a complete thought. A group of words must not depend on the sentence before it or after it to provide a complete
ACT Sentence Structure There are 18 sentence-structure questions on the ACT. Sentences A sentence is a group of words with a subject and a predicate. Sentences begin with a capitalized word and usually
[ Glossary a abbreviation An abbreviation is a shortened form of phrase or word. apostrophe An apostrophe has two uses: to show that two words have been shortened to make one (called a contraction ) and
The Return of Captain Grammaticus Key Stage 2 Introduction This show has been developed to support the Literacy curriculum in schools at Key Stage 2 and the main focus of the play is on identifying and
Avoid the Top 10 errors in writing 1. Incomplete Sentences English sentences are composed of a subject (a noun or pronoun) and a predicate (containing a verb). (noun) LAUSD (subject) (verb) planned budget
Chapter 21: Run Ons Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives Chapter 21: Run Ons A fused sentence has no punctuation to mark the break between ideas. A comma splice uses a comma incorrectly to connect two
Common Mistakes Tips that help improve quality 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. APOSTROPHES Apostrophes showing possession Apostrophes showing omission It s or its? 2. COLLOCATIONS 3. COLONS VS. SEMICOLONS 4. COMMAS
Lecture 23-24 English 3318: Studies in English Grammar Nonfinite Verb Phrases Infinitive Phrases Dr. Svetlana Nuernberg Objectives Identify Infinitive Phrases Recognize infinitives with or without to and
DEPENDENT CLAUSES All sentences consist of one or more clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. Some clauses are independent while others are dependent, and for a sentence
Page 1 of 5 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT Agreement is a basic rule of grammar. Subjects and verbs must agree in person and number. The rules below will help you avoid subject-verb agreement errors. 1. In the
Presents: The Dirty Dozen Workshop Series Workshop Four: Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Errors & Vague or Unclear Pronoun References Part One: Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Errors Which sentence is correct?
Glossary to the Assessment Anchor & Eligible Content The Keystone Glossary includes terms and definitions associated with the Keystone Assessment Anchors and Eligible Content. The terms and definitions
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES 1. Why do we use adjective clauses? to give more information about a noun or noun phrase I saw the movie. ( Which one??? ) to give more specific information about a noun or noun phrase
These Standards describe what students who score in specific score ranges on the English Test of ACT Explore, ACT Plan, and the ACT college readiness assessment are likely to know and be able to do. 13
Grammar Boot Camp Building Muscle: Phrases and Clauses (click mouse to proceed) Your Mission: To Study Phrases To Study Clauses To Exercise your Writing Muscles This presentation is enhanced with Question
SPAG Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar Glossary for Parents Exclamation mark: an exclamation mark is used at the end of a sentence to indicate strong emotion, e.g. Get out! Finite verb: the finite verb
Clauses and Phrases For Proper Sentence Structure Purpose: Writing is the primary basis upon which your work, your learning, and your intellect will be judged in college, in the workplace, and in the community.
Integrating Grammar with Writing Workshop Grammar and Mentor Sentences November 9, 2015 NYSRA Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY Pegeen H. Jensen South Colonie School District Pegeen.email@example.com
Ropsley C of E Primary School Progression of objectives to be covered for Punctuation and Grammar Year Autumn 1 Autumn 2 Spring 1 Spring 2 Summer 1 Summer 2 Year 1 To leave spaces between To leave spaces
Higher Education Language & Presentation Support Grammar Review 1: Subject-Verb Agreement David Sotir A countable noun is one that can be expressed in plural form (e.g. essay/essays). An uncountable noun
Writing Common Core KEY WORDS An educator's guide to words frequently used in the Common Core State Standards, organized by grade level in order to show the progression of writing Common Core vocabulary
PRONOUNS WHAT IS A PRONOUN? A Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or of more than one noun. Example: The high school graduate accepted the diploma proudly. She had worked hard for it. The pronoun
MyEnglishLab Writing is a four-level flexible online program that helps students develop writing and composition skills. MyEnglishLab Writing can be used in combination with any General English/ integrated
Written Language Curriculum Planning Manual 3LIT3390 TABLE OF CONTENTS Language Usage Curriculum... 1 Language Usage I... 2 Language Usage II... 4 Language Usage III... 6 Language Usage IV... 8 Language
Language Arts 7 Curriculum Unit 1: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives Lecture Exercises in textbook Worksheets Identify common and proper nouns Identify personal and possessive pronouns Identify adjectives and
CHAPTER 21 LESSON 1 Mixed Patterns 1-5 The sentences that you will classify with your teacher will be a mixture of Pattern 1: SN V P1, Pattern 2: SN V-t DO P2, Pattern 3: SN V-t IO DO P3, Pattern 4: SN
Language Usage III Language Usage III introduces students to a variety of topics including: identifying and using nouns, verbs, contractions, conjunctions, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs in sentences
Unit 7 Phrases and Clauses A phrase is a group of words, without a subject and verb, that functions in a sentence as one part of speech. There are several types of phrases, among them prepositional, appositive,
SUBJECT ERB AGREEMENT Every sentence has a subject and a verb. The subject is who or what the sentence is about. A verb describes the action or state of being of the subject. A singular subject requires
Standard 3: Writing Process 3.1: Prewrite 58-69% 10.LA.3.1.2 Generate a main idea or thesis appropriate to a type of writing. (753.02.b) Items may include a specified purpose, audience, and writing outline.
FRAGMENTS II Simple fragments can usually be easily fixed once a writer learns to check each sentence for a subject and a verb. But, there are other types of fragments that are a little tougher to identify
School of Liberal Arts University Writing Center Because writers need readers Cavanaugh Hall 427 University Library 2125 (317)274-2049 (317)278-8171 http://liberalarts.iupui.edu/uwc/ Word Forms and Functions
Diagramming Review WJHS 8 th Grade English 29 April 2013 Sentence Basics The subject of the sentence is the person or thing is performing the action of the sentence or is being described by the sentence.
Incoming World Literature Summer Grammar Assignment Instructions: Go to www.machebeuf.org. Click on the Academics tab and click on Departments. Click on English and then click on Sister Maria Thuan. On
Sentence Skills Review The CPT sentence skills test measures students editing skills. The minimum required score for this exam is 86%. This booklet gives students the opportunity to review some basic grammar
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT Most native English speakers know the standard verb-subject combinations by ear. Examples of these combinations are he talks, not he talk and she has, not she have. However, if you
English I Grammar Sentences are complete messages. Incomplete sentences are sometimes acceptable in speech, but are rarely acceptable in writing. 1.1 the black cat 1.2 jumping over the fence 1.3 steals
Guide to Grammar and Writing Clicking on the NUMBER immediately before the quiz's name will take you to the section of the Guide pertaining to the grammatical issue(s) addressed in that quiz. Quizzes done
Universidad de Los Andes Facultad de Humanidades y Educación Escuela de Idiomas Modernos NOTES ON WORDS, PHRASES, SENTENCES AND CLAUSES In English, as in many other languages in the world, individual words
IGCSE English Language Technical Skills: Grammar Copyright 2012 Eddis Tutorial Services, LLC Grammar is boring! I don t know why I have to learn grammar, it s so boring and I already know how to write.
Lecture 2 Review of English Grammar CS 6320 44 Review of English Grammar Outline Parts of speech Sentences Nouns and Pronouns Verbs Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs Prepositional phrases Complex sentences;
Grammar III Punctuation and Syntax Bradius V. Maurus III Posnaniae 2006 by the author The Phrase and the Clause A phrase is a group of words. For example, prepositional phrases, participial phrases, infinitive
Grammar and Style of the Sentence Course Overview Grammar and Style of the Sentence is an online course designed to teach basic principles of grammar and style to improve your writing. New topics are introduced
White Mere Community Primary School KS2 Grammar and Punctuation Overview To ensure our pupils have a complete and secure understanding of discrete grammatical terms, punctuation and spelling rules, discrete