SOUTH AMERICA CONTENTS. What s in This Book Section 1: South America in the World Section 2: Political Divisions of South America...

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1 SOUTH CONTENTS What s in This Book 2 Section 1: 3 Section 2: Political Divisions of 1 Section 3: Physical Features of 41 Section 4: Valuable Resources of 67 Section : n Culture 89 Section 6: Assessment 109 Section 7: Note Takers 113 Answer Key 119 Downloadable Maps Nine maps used in this book are available for download on our Web site, as well as two color maps: one projection map of the world and one political map of How to Download: 1 Go to wwwevan-moorcom/resources 2 Enter your address and the resource code for this product EMC You will receive an with a link to the downloadable maps

2 What s in This Book sections of reproducible information and activity pages centered on five main topics: South America, Political Divisions, Physical Features, Valuable Resources, and Culture Arctic Ocean EUROPE NORTH Fill in the bubble to answer each question or complete each sentence 1 is the ๐–ก second-largest continent Indian Ocean ๐–ข fourth-largest continent AUSTRALIA ๐–ฃ smallest continent Southern Ocean ANTARCTICA 2 Which continent is directly north of? ๐–  Africa ๐–ก North America Relative Location Relative location is the location of a place in relation to another place If someone tells you that he or she lives in the northern part of town near the park, that is an example of relative location ๐–ข Asia ๐–ก Arctic and Atlantic oceans ๐–ข Pacific and Arctic oceans The absolute location of a place is like its address Lines on a map or globe called latitude and longitude lines are used to describe exact locations on Earth Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator Lines of longitude run between the North and South Poles The lines are numbered, measuring distances in units called degrees Peru s capital city, Lima, has an absolute location of 12 degrees south latitude, 77 degrees west longitude (12 S latitude, 77 W longitude) ๐–ฃ Pacific and Atlantic oceans ๐–ก is located only in the Western Hemisphere ๐–ข is located mostly in both the Southern and Western hemispheres ๐–ฃ is located mostly in both the Southern and Eastern hemispheres The absolute location of Lima includes the letters S and W They refer to the hemispheres in which Peru and most of belong Most of South America is located in the Southern and Western hemispheres Relative location ๐–  is like an address ๐–ข describes a place by what hemisphere it is in ๐–ฃ describes a place by using another place it is near The 7 Continents: South America EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp 92 An overview and multiple-choice activity introduces each section Archaeologists think Machu Picchu was built for Inca 7 trease dialns faccipi necao yarotyl vacoocrod tunimona is located in the Andes Mountains humca hucpic 8 Machu Picchu was likely abandoned because of Spanish 9 No one knows how the Island were moved qoncsudatosri giant stone heads of Easter mrysseoiut B Which of the three places on the other page would you most like to visit? Explain your answer The 7 Continents: South America EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents: South America 3 There are hundreds of statues of human heads on 6 O Cristo Redentor is located on and soapstone rocceent nasci A variety of information and activity pages help students explore specific topics in depth ๐–ก describes a place by using lines of latitude and longitude 4 Easter Island is an isolated island located in the Pacific Ocean nearly 2,00 miles (4,023 km) from Chile Although the people who once lived on Easter Island are gone, they left behind hundreds of large stone statues of human heads and torsos called moai (MOHeye) These statues, which were likely carved between ad 1100 and 1680, weigh about 14 tons each It remains a mystery how they were moved from the place where they were carved to their locations around the island ๐–  is located only in the Northern Hemisphere Hemispheres Easter Island 4 Which statement about is true? 1 O Cristo Redentor is made from 4 Easter Island is located in the At the peak of Corcovado Mountain, high above the city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, stands the 130 foot (40 m) statue of O Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) This giant statue of Jesus is made from concrete and soapstone and can be seen throughout the city The statue was completed in 1931 It is a popular destination for tourists who are willing to climb the 220 steps to reach it! ๐–  Pacific and Indian oceans Absolute Location 2 Machu Picchu was built by the O Cristo Redentor ๐–ฃ Antarctica 3 Which two oceans border? On a globe or world map, you can describe s relative location in relation to other continents You can also describe s location in relation to the oceans that surround it A Unscramble the word under each line to complete the sentence Nestled in the Andes Mountains of Peru lies Machu Picchu, the remains of an ancient Inca city The Incas were n Indians who once ruled much of the west coast Archaeologists believe the city, which was built in the 1400s, was made for royalty Machu Picchu is built of stone blocks and includes palaces, temples, storehouses, and tombs There are also courtyards, plazas, fountains, and over 100 flights of stairs The city was abandoned just over 100 years after it was built, because of the threat of invading Spanish conquistadors However, it appears that the Spanish never found the city itself, because they did not destroy any of its buildings the way they did at other Inca sites ๐–  largest continent AFRICA SOUTH Culture Tourist Attractions Machu Picchu ASIA Atlantic Ocean There are many interesting landmarks to visit in Each year, these sites attract hundreds of thousands of tourists who want to learn more about South America s history and culture North America Culture Tourist Attractions North America is the fourth largest of the seven continents on Earth It is almost completely surrounded by water There are several ways to describe the location of 93 Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents: South America Political Divisions Northern Political Divisions Review Use words from the box to complete the crossword puzzle Caribbean Sea 1 Andes Brazil 2 Buenos Aires 3 Caracas Chile 4 coast Colombia fourth 6 A crossword puzzle at the end of each section provides a fun review activity Atlantic Ocean Maps develop students visual literacy skills 1 is the continent in the world 2 -largest is the largest country in South America 4 The capital city of Venezuela is is bordered by both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea The 7 Continents: South America EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp Select a physical feature of Write notes about it to complete each section My Trip To Animal Assessment ( of Physical Feature) Draw a n animal Write notes about it to complete each section Multiple-Choice Test Interesting Facts ( of Animal) 1 is the continent in size largest ๐–  Brazil ๐–ก third ๐–ก Uruguay ๐–ข fourth ๐–ข Bolivia ๐–ฃ fifth ๐–ฃ Guyana ๐–  Atlantic 7 ๐–ก Arctic ๐–ข Pacific 10 ๐–ฃ Indian 9 3 In which two hemispheres is most of located? Andes Mountains Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Falkland Islands Uruguay Tierra del Fuego Buenos Aires Colombia Atacama Desert Brazil The Andes Mountains run through the country of ๐–  second 2 Which ocean is west of? 8 6 Location Fill in the bubble to answer each question or complete each sentence 1 ๐–  Northern and Southern ๐–ก Southern and Western ๐–ข Eastern and Western ๐–ฃ Northern and Western 4 Which of these is not a country in? ๐–  Suriname ๐–ก Bolivia ๐–ข Argentina ๐–ฃ Mexico Habitat 6 About 20% of the world s is produced in the Amazon Rainforest Description ๐–  water ๐–ก oxygen ๐–ข lumber Endangered? ๐–ฃ fruit Yes No Physical Characteristics 7 Which of these is not a river in South America? Diet ๐–  Amazon ๐–ก Orinoco ๐–ข Paraguay Animals or Plants ๐–ฃ Nile 8 What is the name of the driest desert on Earth? Behaviors ๐–  Atacama Enemies/Defenses ๐–ก Titicaca ๐–ข Gran Chaco ๐–ฃ Tierra del Fuego 114 The 7 Continents: South America EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp A map quiz and multiple-choice test help assess students knowledge Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents: South America 3732indb 2 is a long and narrow country that is bordered by the Physical Feature Feature Physical Assessment Write the name of the country, city, landform, or ocean that matches each number Use the words in the box to help you section of open-ended note takers Map Test 110 Down is the largest city in 3 Most people in live near the section of assessment activities 3 Across mountain range makes travel 7 The difficult in Western Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents: South America The 7 Continents: South America EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp Note takers allow students to research and extend their study Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents: South America 11 The 7 Continents: South America EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp 10/28/10 3:13 PM

3 1 SECTION This section introduces students to the location of in the world Students learn the difference between relative and absolute location, as well as the hemispheres in which lies Students also practice using lines of latitude and longitude to find places on a map Each skill in this section is based on the following National Geography Standards: Essential Element 1: The World in Spatial Terms Standard 1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective CONTENTS 4 s Relative Location 6 s Hemispheres 8 s Absolute Location 10 Using a Projection Map 12 Review 14 Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents: 3

4 North America is the fourth largest of the seven continents on Earth It is almost completely surrounded by water There are several ways to describe the location of Arctic Ocean NORTH Atlantic Ocean EUROPE ASIA AFRICA SOUTH Indian Ocean AUSTRALIA Southern Ocean ANTARCTICA Relative Location Relative location is the location of a place in relation to another place If someone tells you that he or she lives in the northern part of town near the park, that is an example of relative location On a globe or world map, you can describe s relative location in relation to other continents You can also describe s location in relation to the oceans that surround it Absolute Location The absolute location of a place is like its address Lines on a map or globe called latitude and longitude lines are used to describe exact locations on Earth Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator Lines of longitude run between the North and South Poles The lines are numbered, measuring distances in units called degrees Peru s capital city, Lima, has an absolute location of 12 degrees south latitude, 77 degrees west longitude (12 S latitude, 77 W longitude) Hemispheres The absolute location of Lima includes the letters S and W They refer to the hemispheres in which Peru and most of belong Most of South America is located in the Southern and Western hemispheres 4 The 7 Continents: EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp

5 Fill in the bubble to answer each question or complete each sentence 1 is the A largest continent B second-largest continent C fourth-largest continent D smallest continent 2 Which continent is directly north of? A Africa B North America C Asia D Antarctica 3 Which two oceans border? A Pacific and Indian oceans B Arctic and Atlantic oceans C Pacific and Arctic oceans D Pacific and Atlantic oceans 4 Which statement about is true? A is located only in the Northern Hemisphere B is located only in the Western Hemisphere C is located mostly in both the Southern and Western hemispheres D is located mostly in both the Southern and Eastern hemispheres Relative location A is like an address B describes a place by using lines of latitude and longitude C describes a place by what hemisphere it is in D describes a place by using another place it is near Evan-Moor Corp EMC 3732 The 7 Continents:

6 s Relative Location Relative location is the position of a place in relation to another place How would you describe where is located in the world using relative location? Look at the world map on the other page One way to describe s relative location is to name the other continents that border it For example, is west of Africa Another way to describe the relative location of is to name the oceans that surround the continent For example, the is west of and the Atlantic Ocean is east of it A Use the map on the other page to complete the paragraph about the relative location of is the fourth-largest continent in the world It is located west of the continent of the of is also to of North America and north of the cold continent To the west is the huge Ocean The Atlantic Ocean is of B Follow the directions to color the map on the other page 1 Color the continent north of orange 2 Color the continent east of yellow 3 Use blue to circle the name of the ocean that is east of 4 Draw a penguin on the continent south of 6 The 7 Continents: EMC 3732 Evan-Moor Corp

NORTH AMERICA CONTENTS. What s in This Book... 2. Section 1: North America in the World... 3. Section 2: Political Divisions of North America...

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