Participación Española en SAFARI/SPICA

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1 Participación Española en SAFARI/SPICA F. Najarro (CAB) CAB J. R. Goicoechea J. Martín-Pintado J. Gómez-Elvira J. Torres L. Mora J. Bueno INTA L.M. González C. Pastor T. Belenguer M. Reina IAC I. Pérez-Fournón Paco Najarro SEA 2010

2 Themes Addressed by SPICA 1. What are the conditions for life and planetary formation? 2. How does the Solar System work? 3. What are the fundamental laws of the Universe? 4. How did the Universe originate and what is it made of? Paco Najarro SEA 2010

3 What is SPICA? PI:Takao Nakagawa (JAXA-lead)+ESA partnership+others * Observatory-class mission European access through ESA partnership *Telescope: 3.2m, Actively cooled to <6 K: monolithic mirror clean PSF * Core wavelength: 5-210μm: Δθ = arcsec * Orbit: Sun-Earth L2 Halo * Warm Launch Cooling in orbit Long lifetime ~ 3 yrs (5 yrs goal) * Launch: ~2018 Paco Najarro SEA 2010

4 The origins questions key science drivers and SPICA and SAFARI How do stars and galaxies form and evolve over cosmic ages? SAFARI will observe thousands of obscured, far away galaxies and determine what processes govern their evolution How does our solar system relate to other planetary systems and could life evolve elsewhere? SAFARI will characterize oxygen, water, ice and rock in young planet forming systems and study their relation to the rocks and ice in our own Solar System Science is the driver basis for the SAFARI Science Requirements Area and number of pixels on the sky, filters and wavebands, stability etc. ~1 degree 4

5 Why observe in the Mid and Far-IR? MIR FIR FIR MIR Galliano et al. Star light recycled by dust and gas Complete picture only seen by observing in the mid- and far-ir Paco Najarro SEA 2010

6 Why SPICA? IR Natural Sky Background VS Thermal Telescope Emission Paco Najarro SEA 2010

7 Why SPICA? 冷 却 方 法 の 革 新 Small Telescope Big Telescope ISO (60cm) (2000L He 2.6t) HERSCHEL (3.5 m) (No Cryogen 2.6t) Paco Najarro SEA 2010

8 Huge Gain of Sensitivity!!! 2.5 orders SPICA 1.5 orders SPICA Paco Najarro SEA 2010

9 SPICA/SAFARI: TES detectors TES SRON: a novel parallel, straight leg design and result Straight leg: not possible to realize required isolation for small pixels Ta absorber Si x N y legs

10 SPICA multiplexing capability SPICA FIR arcmin SPICA FIR m SPICA MIR m - 30x5 arcsec JWST MIRI 5-28 m - 4x4 to 8x8 arcsec SPICA/JWST spectral volumes superposed on deep GOODS 24 m image SPICA MIR/FIR: warm/cool gas + dust JWST: 3 settings/ full waveband 30 hrs to get 10 sources SPICA: 30 hrs integration ~ same sensitivity Multiple sources in field - comparable sensitivity Paco Najarro SEA 2010

11 SPICA instrument suite (NIR/MIR) Mid-IR Camera+Spectrometer (Japan) Operating wavelength 5-38 m Photometric + spectroscopic capability Camera: FoV ~6 x6 Spectroscopic: R~200 (5 slit), R~700 (12 x6 /12), R~30,000 (0.72/1.2 x3.5/6 : 4-8/12-18 m) High resolution spectroscopy NOT possible with JWST Mid-IR coronograph, SCI (Japan) Operating wavelength 5-27 m (possibly down to 3.5 m) ~1 x 1 FoV Pupil mask: >10 6 contrast; Inner Working Angle ~3.3 /D R~20 and 200 Spectroscopy NOT possible with JWST coronagraph (+ SCI cleaner PSF/higher contrast due to monolithic mirror) FPC-S: Focal plane guidance camera (Korea) H, K, 2-5um, Imaging (R~3) + low resolution spectroscopy (R~50 using LVF) 5 x 5 FoV

12 SAFARI (European-lead+Canada+Japan): SPICA instrument suite, cont. (FIR) Imaging FTS, various R resolutions m FoV 2 x2 R~3 (photometry); R~ (SED-mode); 100 µm (spectroscopy) 3 bands (simultaneous): 34-60/60-110/ µm 64x64, 38x38, 20x20 pixels (~6000 pixels total) Diffraction-limited PI: SRON, NL (P. Roelfsema) High sensitivity detectors NEP = 2x10-19 W/ Hz TES detectors (<100mK)

13 Participación española en SPICA (2006-7) CDTI ESAC Run second SOC User Support Proposal handling Observation planning Data processing, archiving and distribution Possible Spanish contributions: DAMIR, ICC, Electrónica de control IAC Warm-electronics, EGSE Coste aproximado de la participación española 4-5 M Paco Najarro SEA 2010

14 Participación española en SPICA (2008) CDTI ESAC Run second SOC User Support Proposal handling Observation planning Data processing, archiving and distribution ICC: pipeline?? Possible Spanish contributions: DAMIR, ICC, Electrónica de control (cryocooler), mecánica: FTS mechanism Subsystem structure IAC Warm-electronics, EGSE Coste aproximado de la participación española 5-8 M Paco Najarro SEA 2010

15 Participación española en SPICA (2010) (2008) Francisco Najarro (HoN) & Javier R. Goicoechea (Gal. Project Scientist) ICC. Ground Segment contribution + Running 2nd SOC (CDTI) Lead Structural Engineer (CAB) FPU chassis (horizontal & vertical Optical Bench, cover(s) and other structural elements (CAB + INDUSTRY) Camera Optics Bay on optical bench including warm alignment. All mirrors (INTA + INDUSTRY) Input Optics Module, Filter Wheels & Alignment Engineer (INTA) Test house for end-to-end optical performance testing (AITV) (INTA) Contributions to ICC (CAB) Contributions to EGSE (IAC) Cooperate in context of Calibration testing e.g. with CSL (CAB-INTA) FPA testing (incl. cryostat) of one of the TES bands (CAB) Coste aproximado de la participación española 25 M Co-PI Paco Najarro SEA 2010

16 The consortium task distribution On-going changes Filter wheel Spain Germany/Belgium; FTS mechanism and control NL Canada; AIV support by Poland TBD/TBC: Calibration source; Filters/dicroics UK Sweden ;Camera bay NL Spain SAFARI consortium meeting September PI/PM update 17

17 The SAFARI project SAFARI consortium meeting September PI/PM update 18

18 The SAFARI project who does what (now) SAFARI consortium meeting September PI/PM update 19

19 SPANISH ORGANIZATION & TEAM Paco Najarro (HoN) Galactic Project Scientist Javier R. Goicoechea Science Coordination Paco Najarro CAB Engineering Management Javier Gomez-Elvira (PM) Jesus Martin Pintado (CAB) Amaya Moro-Martin(CAB) José Cernicharo(CAB) Guillermo Muñoz-Caro(CAB) Luisa Lara (IAA-CSIC) Ismael Perez-Fournon (IAC) Ignasi Ribas (ICE-CSIC) Almudena Alonso Herrera (DAMIR) Pablo Perez Gonzalez( UCM) Armando Gil de Paz (UCM) FPU Filter Wheels & Opt. Input Module Josefina Torres (CAB) Luis Gonzalez Fernandez (INTA) Tomás Belenguer (INTA) Carmen Pastor (INTA) Detectors & Calibration Manuel Reina Aranda (INTA) Juan Bueno Lopez (CAB) Lola Sabau (INTA) Nuria Llombart (UCM) Electrical Eduardo Sebastian (CAB) EGSE Ismael Perez-Fournon ( IAC ) ICC Eduardo Sanchez(CAB) LNA Juan Daniel Gallego(Yebes) TBC

20 detailing of the reference design continues Structural Thermal SAFARI consortium meeting September PI/PM update 21

21 SAFARI project status Consortium well established Final iterations on detailed work distribution on-going PI institute (NL) funding secured, partners funded for phase B1 Science consortium final iterations on requirements Straw-man observing programmes Discussions with MCS on joint programme Development status - achieved fully viable reference design Science Verification Review closeout imminent Much unit level progress; eg. 50mK cooler in EM manufacture Much technology progress; eg. magnetic shielding, flex cables Detector concept review II (May 13) great progress! Schedule?/2014 instrument proposal to ESA End 2016 Preliminary Design Review Mid 2020 Flight Model delivery SAFARI consortium meeting September PI/PM update 22

22 The not so good last week news Japan cannot allocate mission within the current budget New mission implementation concept JAXA/ISAS service module the satellite + launch + ops. ESA payload ESA part is bigger than mission of opportunity envelope SPICA needs to be an M4 mission M4 proposal SPICA now will compete with other projects M4 proposal process takes time mission candidate selection late 2014 mission selection in late 2017 launch in late 2026 SAFARI consortium meeting September SPICA Plan-B 23

23 Posibles salidas: Pasamos del actual - Plan-A JAXA SPICA Project ESA Satellite System AIVT Launch Operation SAFARI BM AIVT PLM AIVT Satellite Operation Science Operation KASI Cryogenics AIVT SIA AIVT SAFARI Operation Other Instruments Operations Cryo Supports and Shields Cryocoolers STA FPIA AIVT Items in red: not exchangeable SAFARI MCS SCI FPC SAFARI consortium meeting September SPICA Plan-B 24

24 A un posible Plan-B1 ESA does payload JAXA SPICA Project ESA Satellite System AIVT Launch Operation SAFARI BM AIVT PLM AIVT Satellite Operation Science Operation KASI Cryogenics AIVT SIA AIVT SAFARI Operation Other Instruments Operations Cryo Supports and Shields Cryocoolers STA FPIA AIVT Items in red: not exchangeable SAFARI MCS SCI FPC SAFARI consortium meeting September SPICA Plan-B 25

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