United Nations - Nations Unies. COSPAR Symposium. Measuring the Universe. Looking Back in Time with Modern Astronomy. Monday, 2nd February 2015

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "United Nations - Nations Unies. COSPAR Symposium. Measuring the Universe. Looking Back in Time with Modern Astronomy. Monday, 2nd February 2015"

Transcription

1 United Nations - Nations Unies COSPAR Symposium Measuring the Universe Looking Back in Time with Modern Astronomy Monday, 2nd February :00 18:00 Conference Rooms M1, Building M, Vienna International Centre Collecting information about and classifying stellar and planetary objects in our milky way and beyond is also the aim of space missions such as the recently launched Gaia spacecraft. Measuring positions and other properties of billions of stars provide a most fascinating survey of the inanimate nature out there in the space. Much as collecting and classifying animals and plants allowed Carl Linnaeus to lay the foundations of modern life science, astrometry will revolutionize our understanding of the evolution of our universe, its galaxies as stellar systems. The enormous amount of data collected by such missions constitutes the building blocks of future understand of our cosmos. Big data analysis provides new means of world interpretation. On the occasion of the Fifty-second session of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space Chair Karl-Heinz Glassmeier (COSPAR) 15:00 Measuring the Universe Karl-Heinz Glassmeier, COSPAR Bureau and Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany 15:10 The Gaia Mission Timo Prusti, ESA Scientific Support Office, ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands, Netherlands 15:40 Gaia, the Galaxy in One Petabyte Carme Jordi, Institute of Cosmos Sciences, University of Barcelona 16:10 Space Science Satellites in Brazil 2014 Francisco Jablonski, INPE/MCTI, São José dos Campos, Brazil

2 16:40 GalileoMobile: Bringing Astronomy to Rural Areas Speakers: Maria Dasi Espuig & Mayte Vasquez, GalileoMobile Project, Imperial College London, England & DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Munich, Germany 17:10 GAIA and the epistemology of astrophysics Sibylle Anderl, Universite Josephe Fourier, Grenoble, France 17:40 Discussion and summary of the symposium Abstracts: Title: Afiliation: The Gaia Mission Timo Prusti ESA Scientific Support Office, ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands Gaia is a European Space Agency cornerstone mission launched 19 December 2013 from French Guyana. Gaia will map the sky down to the 20th magnitude for point sources. Astrometry and photometry is done for all detected objects and spectroscopy down to magnitude limit 16. The commissioning of Gaia was completed in July All subsystems have been successfully operated. Gaia is in its operational orbit around L2 point. The attitude control with use of the stars from the science instrument has been successfully executed. The alignment of optical elements is optimized with an iterative process involving focusing and spins speed adjustments as well. The Focal Plane Assembly is fully functional with all 106 CCDs operational and the Phased Array Antenna can transmit all science data down. The nominal operations are scheduled for 5 years. The scientific yield is expected to contain a billion stars with positions, distances and proper motions based on astrometry. With photometry the stellar properties of this sample can be deduced. Finally from the spectroscopy Gaia allows extraction of some 150 million radial velocities for the brightest stars. This information will allow addressing the main scientific goals of Gaia concerning the structure, history and evolution of our Milky Way Galaxy. In addition to Galactic structure, Gaia will allow addressing various other science areas. For stellar astrophysics Gaia will provide the long awaited distances and census of multiple star systems. Gaia is expected to discover thousands of exo-planets. The main belt asteroid orbits will be improved significantly. Eventually even fundamental physics can be done with tests on general relativity. The presentation will summarize the science goals, the status of the spacecraft and provide updated scientific performance estimates based on the in-orbit data from the commissioning and early operational phases.

3 Title: Gaia, the Galaxy in One Petabyte Carme Jordi Institute of Cosmos Sciences, University of Barcelona The Gaia space mission aims to repeatedly observe one billion stars in our Galaxy over five years, which means an average of 50 million observations every day equivalent to 60 gigabytes of data. A single observation of a given star consists of ten small images, plus two low-resolution and three high-resolution spectra of the incoming light. A complex on-ground data processing has been designed to derive scientific data from the information recorded in space. This is as challenging as the technical design of the spacecraft and payload due to the inter-relationship of all data of a given star and among all stars. Gaia final data base is estimated to have a size of one petabyte (one million gigabytes equivalent to the amount of space needed to store a movie with a run time of 50 years in HD quality). If each of the one trillion stellar images took one second to process, the final catalogue would be ready in 31,000 years. Thanks to the collaboration of about 400 engineers and researchers and five data centers around Europe, the early 2020s is the actual date for the publication of the final catalogue. The uniqueness of Gaia and its enormous potential for science can only be fully exploited by opening the mission data to the whole society. Therefore, the data will be publicly available without any priority data rights, and so the scientific community all around the world will have free access. The design of new, and the adaptation of current tools and models to the expected Gaia data is already in development. Also strong collaborations through networks, like the Gaia Research for European Astronomy Training network, are in place. Many more collaborations will rise in the near future. Title: Space Science Satellites in Brazil 2014 Francisco Jablonski INPE/MCTI, São José dos Campos, Brazil In this presentation I focus on short term space projects which are being built in Brazil: MIRAX, an Astrophysics payload consisting of a coded mask telescope for hard X-rays with the primary scientific goal of detecting and monitoring the time development of hard X-ray transient sources in the sky; and EQUARS, a Space Geophysics payload gathering a suite of experiments related to Space Weather, from ionospheric plasma properties, to electrostatic energy contents, and atmospheric glow/propagation parameters. Both satellites are small mass payloads which use the multi-mission

4 platform developed at Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais and presently have a schedule for launching extending up to Title: GalileoMobile: Bringing Astronomy to Rural Areas Maria Dasi Espuig1 & Mayte Vasquez2 on behalf of GalileoMobile 1: Imperial College London; 2: Deutschen Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen Astronomy is a powerful and inspiring tool that can be used to motivate children to learn more about the world beyond their immediate neighborhood, to encourage critical thinking, and engage them in different scientific disciplines. Although in our modern world there are many outreach programs that bring astronomy to the classroom, most of them act in cities within developed countries and rely heavily on internet connection. Thus, schools in rural and remote areas rarely benefit from such efforts. Thus, pupils and teachers in rural and remote areas rarely benefit from such efforts, making it difficult to know about modern space missions like GAIA and world interpretations based on modern astronomy. GalileoMobile is an itinerant astronomy education initiative with the aim to bridge this gap. We do this by performing teacher workshops, activities with students, and donating educational material. The initiative is run on a voluntary basis by an international team of astronomers, educators, and science communicators. Since its creation in 2008, we have travelled to Chile, Bolivia, Peru, India, Uganda, and Brazil, and worked with about 65 schools. From our experiences, we learnt that (1) bringing experts from other countries was very stimulating for children as they are naturally curious about other cultures and encourages a collaboration beyond borders; (2) high-school students who were already interested in science were always very eager to interact with astronomers doing research to ask for career advice; (3) inquiry-based methods are important to make the learning process more effective; (4) local teachers and university students involved in our activities have the potential to carry out follow-up activities. Our next project for 2015, Constellation, aims to establish a South American network of schools committed to organize and share astronomical outreach activities.

5 Title: GAIA and the epistemology of astrophysics Sibylle Anderl Universite Josephe Fourier, Grenoble, France The GAIA mission aims at creating a three-dimensional map of our galaxy and will provide a census of about one billion stars. It will produce hundreds of Terabytes of data, which will then need to be reduced, analyzed and interpreted by the astronomical community. Its first goal, the mapping of the structure of our Milky Way is already a complicated enterprise by itself as the spatial structure of our galaxy needs to be reconstructed from its two-dimensional projection on the celestial sphere as GAIA sees it. However, the further goals of understanding the formation and evolution of the Milky Way and its stellar populations sound even more ambitious, given that we only get a short snapshot of the life of our Galaxy. Experimental scientists might just create a number of sample galaxies and study their behavior in different environments. Obviously, this is not the way to go in astrophysics: astrophysicists can t perform experiments in a sense that hypotheses are investigated by means of controlled test conditions. The missing possibility of direct intervention, marking the difference between observational and experimental sciences, puts the astronomer in a situation in which he or she is only able to study the information sent out by the astronomical objects spontaneously. Therefore, the astronomical method resembles much more the criminology of Sherlock Holmes than it does the methodology of the classical experimental scientist. Astrophysics can, however, at least partially compensate for the lack of interaction with its research objects by the fact that the universe, being a "Cosmic Laboratory, is filled with phenomena and on-going processes in all conceivable evolutionary stages, constrained by different environments. Accordingly, the astronomer s challenge is to statistically sample, analyze and model this diversity, in order to reach generalized conclusions about cosmic phenomena. But what are the preconditions inherent to this approach astrophysical research, and how might this method implicitly determine what we can possibly know? What assumptions are implicit with these simulations? How justified are the assumptions and what are their downstream implications? How can we optimally make use of our astronomical data? Contemporary philosophers of science are now actively studying the epistemology of modelling, simulations, experiments and data handling that may well provide incentive for broader philosophical reflection on modern astrophysics. In this talk, I will review points of contact between the philosophy of science and astrophysics and I will demonstrate the utility of philosophical tools for the reflection of astrophysical research practice.

The Gaia Archive. Center Forum, Heidelberg, June 10-11, 2013. Stefan Jordan. The Gaia Archive, COSADIE Astronomical Data

The Gaia Archive. Center Forum, Heidelberg, June 10-11, 2013. Stefan Jordan. The Gaia Archive, COSADIE Astronomical Data The Gaia Archive Astronomisches Rechen-Institut am Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg http://www.stefan-jordan.de 1 2 Gaia 2013-2018 and beyond Progress with Gaia 3 HIPPARCOS Gaia accuracy

More information

Science@ESA vodcast series. Script for Episode 6 Charting the Galaxy - from Hipparcos to Gaia

Science@ESA vodcast series. Script for Episode 6 Charting the Galaxy - from Hipparcos to Gaia Science@ESA vodcast series Script for Episode 6 Charting the Galaxy - from Hipparcos to Gaia Available to download from http://sci.esa.int/gaia/vodcast Hello, I m Rebecca Barnes and welcome to the Science@ESA

More information

What is the Sloan Digital Sky Survey?

What is the Sloan Digital Sky Survey? What is the Sloan Digital Sky Survey? Simply put, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey is the most ambitious astronomical survey ever undertaken. The survey will map one-quarter of the entire sky in detail, determining

More information

Undergraduate Studies Department of Astronomy

Undergraduate Studies Department of Astronomy WIYN 3.5-meter Telescope at Kitt Peak near Tucson, AZ Undergraduate Studies Department of Astronomy January 2014 Astronomy at Indiana University General Information The Astronomy Department at Indiana

More information

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Our Solar System is a collection of gravitationally interacting bodies that include Earth and the Moon. Universal

More information

Teaching Astronomy: Why and How?

Teaching Astronomy: Why and How? 248 Teaching Astronomy: Why and How? John R. Percy Erindale Campus, and Department of Astronomy, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6 Abstract This paper, delivered to an audience

More information

UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI I AT MĀNOA ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. The University of Hawai i is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI I AT MĀNOA ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. The University of Hawai i is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution. UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI I AT MĀNOA ASTRONOMY & The University of Hawai i is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution. A M E SSAG E F R O M THE PROGRAM U N D E R G R A D U AT E P R O G R A M S I

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: UNIVERSE AND SOLAR SYSTEM (Approximate Time 3 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: UNIVERSE AND SOLAR SYSTEM (Approximate Time 3 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

The Sun and the Solar System

The Sun and the Solar System ASTR 371, Fall 2016 Lecture 1 The Sun and the Solar System Introduction and Overview Homework Due September 7, Wed. FK Chap 1, Questions 3, 16, 24, 38 A1: (a) use data of the diameter and average distance

More information

Learning from Big Data in

Learning from Big Data in Learning from Big Data in Astronomy an overview Kirk Borne George Mason University School of Physics, Astronomy, & Computational Sciences http://spacs.gmu.edu/ From traditional astronomy 2 to Big Data

More information

Kenya International Radio Observatory (KIRO) Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi, Kenya Bo Thide, Uppsala University, Sweden

Kenya International Radio Observatory (KIRO) Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi, Kenya Bo Thide, Uppsala University, Sweden Kenya International Radio Observatory (KIRO) Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi, Kenya Bo Thide, Uppsala University, Sweden ABSTRACT This paper proposes the building of a new type of versatile,

More information

SMALL SATELLITES FOR THE BENEFIT OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

SMALL SATELLITES FOR THE BENEFIT OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SMALL SATELLITES FOR THE BENEFIT OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Mazlan Othman Director Office for Outer Space Affairs United Nations Office at Vienna Wagramerstrasse 5, A-1220 Vienna, Austria ABSTRACT Small satellites

More information

CAUP s Astronomical Instrumentation and Surveys

CAUP s Astronomical Instrumentation and Surveys CAUP s Astronomical Instrumentation and Surveys CENTRO DE ASTROFÍSICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO www.astro.up.pt Sérgio A. G. Sousa Team presentation sousasag@astro.up.pt CAUP's Astronomical Instrumentation

More information

Physical Therapy 602-523-4092

Physical Therapy 602-523-4092 320 Physics and Astronomy PHI 351 Philosophy in Literature (3). Philosophical issues as expressed in the novel, drama, and poetry. Fall or Spring. PHI 352 Philosophy of Religion (3). Problems concerning

More information

Discover the Universe AST-1002 Section 0427, Spring 2016

Discover the Universe AST-1002 Section 0427, Spring 2016 Discover the Universe AST-1002 Section 0427, Spring 2016 Instructor: Dr. Francisco Reyes Office: Room 12 Bryant Space Science Center Telephone: 352-294-1885 Email: freyes@astro.ufl.edu Office hours: Monday

More information

UR Undergraduate Physics and Astronomy Program Learning Objectives and Assessment Plan

UR Undergraduate Physics and Astronomy Program Learning Objectives and Assessment Plan UR hysics and Astronomy rogram Learning Objectives and Assessment lan UR Undergraduate hysics and Astronomy rogram Learning Objectives and Assessment lan A. BS hysics undergraduate program learning objectives

More information

Top 10 Discoveries by ESO Telescopes

Top 10 Discoveries by ESO Telescopes Top 10 Discoveries by ESO Telescopes European Southern Observatory reaching new heights in astronomy Exploring the Universe from the Atacama Desert, in Chile since 1964 ESO is the most productive astronomical

More information

Are We Alone?! Exoplanet Characterization and Direct Imaging!

Are We Alone?! Exoplanet Characterization and Direct Imaging! From Cosmic Birth to Living Earths A Vision for Space Astronomy in the 2020s and Beyond Are We Alone?! Exoplanet Characterization and Direct Imaging! A Study Commissioned by the Associated Universities

More information

Cosmic Variability Study in Taiwan

Cosmic Variability Study in Taiwan Cosmic Variability Study in Taiwan Wen-Ping Chen Institute of Astronomy National Central University, Taiwan 2010 November 16@Jena/YETI Advantages in Taiwan: - Many high mountains - Western Pacific longitude

More information

The Solar Journey: Modeling Features of the Local Bubble and Galactic Environment of the Sun

The Solar Journey: Modeling Features of the Local Bubble and Galactic Environment of the Sun The Solar Journey: Modeling Features of the Local Bubble and Galactic Environment of the Sun P.C. Frisch and A.J. Hanson Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics University of Chicago and Computer Science

More information

The Tonnabytes Big Data Challenge: Transforming Science and Education. Kirk Borne George Mason University

The Tonnabytes Big Data Challenge: Transforming Science and Education. Kirk Borne George Mason University The Tonnabytes Big Data Challenge: Transforming Science and Education Kirk Borne George Mason University Ever since we first began to explore our world humans have asked questions and have collected evidence

More information

SYLLABUS FORM WESTCHESTER COMMUNITY COLLEGE Valhalla, NY l0595. l. Course #:PHYSC 151 2. NAME OF ORIGINATOR /REVISOR: PAUL ROBINSON

SYLLABUS FORM WESTCHESTER COMMUNITY COLLEGE Valhalla, NY l0595. l. Course #:PHYSC 151 2. NAME OF ORIGINATOR /REVISOR: PAUL ROBINSON SYLLABUS FORM WESTCHESTER COMMUNITY COLLEGE Valhalla, NY l0595 l. Course #:PHYSC 151 2. NAME OF ORIGINATOR /REVISOR: PAUL ROBINSON NAME OF COURSE: ASTRONOMY 3. CURRENT DATE: OCTOBER 26, 2011. Please indicate

More information

Indiana University Science with the WIYN One Degree Imager

Indiana University Science with the WIYN One Degree Imager Indiana University Science with the WIYN One Degree Imager Katherine Rhode (Indiana University, WIYN SAC member) Indiana University Department of Astronomy Nine faculty members, plus active emeritus faculty

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM Syllabus

THE SOLAR SYSTEM Syllabus THE SOLAR SYSTEM Syllabus Course Title The Solar System: Earth and Space Science Course Description This course provides an overview of what we know about the Solar System: how it began and evolved, its

More information

Astronomy of extrasolar planetary systems. Methods and results of searches for planets around other stars

Astronomy of extrasolar planetary systems. Methods and results of searches for planets around other stars Astronomy of extrasolar planetary systems Methods and results of searches for planets around other stars Course layout - methods Introduction and history of searches for planets Doppler spectroscopy and

More information

The Past, Present, and Future of Data Science Education

The Past, Present, and Future of Data Science Education The Past, Present, and Future of Data Science Education Kirk Borne @KirkDBorne http://kirkborne.net George Mason University School of Physics, Astronomy, & Computational Sciences Outline Research and Application

More information

Inside the Zodiac A 10-minute planetarium mini-show by Alan Gould 1, Toshi Komatsu 1, Jeff Nee 1, and Dr. Steve Howell 2

Inside the Zodiac A 10-minute planetarium mini-show by Alan Gould 1, Toshi Komatsu 1, Jeff Nee 1, and Dr. Steve Howell 2 Inside the Zodiac A 10-minute planetarium mini-show by Alan Gould 1, Toshi Komatsu 1, Jeff Nee 1, and Dr. Steve Howell 2 About this show In one Word... In one Sentence... In one Paragraph... Storyboard

More information

Towards the Detection and Characterization of Smaller Transiting Planets

Towards the Detection and Characterization of Smaller Transiting Planets Towards the Detection and Characterization of Smaller Transiting Planets David W. Latham 27 July 2007 Kepler MISSION CONCEPT Kepler Mission is optimized for finding habitable planets ( 10 to 0.5 M )

More information

Information furnished in conformity with the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space

Information furnished in conformity with the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space United Nations ST/SG/SER.E/510 Secretariat Distr.: General 11 April 2007 Original: English Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space Information furnished in conformity with the Convention on Registration

More information

Degrees in Science (& Physics)

Degrees in Science (& Physics) Degrees in Science (& Physics) NUI, Galway College of Science National University of Ireland, Galway Revised January 2008 3 The world has changed...it has become FLAT! Geography no longer matters. Three

More information

Swarthmore College Newsletter

Swarthmore College Newsletter 93 Fog, clouds, and light pollution limit the effectiveness of even the biggest optical telescopes on Earth. Astronomers who study ultraviolet or X-ray emission of stars have been more limited because

More information

Tessmann Show Descriptions

Tessmann Show Descriptions How Rare Is Earth? Dr. Stephen Eastmond (60 minutes) Experience the rarity and beauty of our planet Earth s position within our Solar System and within the Milky Way Galaxy. This introductory astronomy

More information

Astrophysics with Terabyte Datasets. Alex Szalay, JHU and Jim Gray, Microsoft Research

Astrophysics with Terabyte Datasets. Alex Szalay, JHU and Jim Gray, Microsoft Research Astrophysics with Terabyte Datasets Alex Szalay, JHU and Jim Gray, Microsoft Research Living in an Exponential World Astronomers have a few hundred TB now 1 pixel (byte) / sq arc second ~ 4TB Multi-spectral,

More information

CSSAR Space Science Cooperation

CSSAR Space Science Cooperation CSSAR Space Science Cooperation WANG Shuzhi Center for Space Science and Applied Research Chinese Academy of Science(CSSAR) Table of Contents Brief History of CSSAR International Cooperation CAS Strategic

More information

astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times.

astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 5. If the distance between the Earth and the Sun were increased,

More information

Laser Interferometer Space Antenna Listening to the Universe with Gravitational Waves

Laser Interferometer Space Antenna Listening to the Universe with Gravitational Waves Laser Interferometer Space Antenna Listening to the Universe with Gravitational Waves Scott E Pollack for the LISA team UW General Relativity Labs AAPT Workshop GSFC - JPL 5 January 2007 Outline LISA Overview

More information

Analytics-as-a-Service: From Science to Marketing

Analytics-as-a-Service: From Science to Marketing Analytics-as-a-Service: From Science to Marketing Data Information Knowledge Insights (Discovery & Decisions) Kirk Borne George Mason University, Fairfax, VA www.kirkborne.net @KirkDBorne Big Data: What

More information

Scale of the Solar System. Sizes and Distances: How Big is Big? Sizes and Distances: How Big is Big? (Cont.)

Scale of the Solar System. Sizes and Distances: How Big is Big? Sizes and Distances: How Big is Big? (Cont.) Scale of the Solar System Scale of the Universe How big is Earth compared to our solar system? How far away are the stars? How big is the Milky Way Galaxy? How big is the Universe? How do our lifetimes

More information

and the VO-Science Francisco Jiménez Esteban Suffolk University

and the VO-Science Francisco Jiménez Esteban Suffolk University The Spanish-VO and the VO-Science Francisco Jiménez Esteban CAB / SVO (INTA-CSIC) Suffolk University The Spanish-VO (SVO) IVOA was created in June 2002 with the mission to facilitate the international

More information

PRESENTATION SPACE MISSIONS

PRESENTATION SPACE MISSIONS GENERAL PRESENTATION SPACE MISSIONS CONTENTS 1. Who we are 2. What we do 3. Space main areas 4. Space missions Page 2 WHO WE ARE GENERAL Multinational conglomerate founded in 1984 Private capital Offices

More information

GGOS Bureau for Networks and Commuications Michael Pearlman Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA USA mpearlman@cfa.harvard.

GGOS Bureau for Networks and Commuications Michael Pearlman Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA USA mpearlman@cfa.harvard. GGOS Bureau for Networks and Commuications Michael Pearlman Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA USA mpearlman@cfa.harvard.edu GGOS Bureau for Networks and Communications Donatello

More information

J-PAS: low-resolution (R 50) spectroscopy over 8000 deg 2

J-PAS: low-resolution (R 50) spectroscopy over 8000 deg 2 J-PAS: low-resolution (R 50) spectroscopy over 8000 deg 2 C. López-Sanjuan J. Cenarro, L. A. Díaz-García, J. Varela, K. Viironen, & the J-PAS team Centro de Estudio de Física del Cosmos de Aragón 10th

More information

165 points. Name Date Period. Column B a. Cepheid variables b. luminosity c. RR Lyrae variables d. Sagittarius e. variable stars

165 points. Name Date Period. Column B a. Cepheid variables b. luminosity c. RR Lyrae variables d. Sagittarius e. variable stars Name Date Period 30 GALAXIES AND THE UNIVERSE SECTION 30.1 The Milky Way Galaxy In your textbook, read about discovering the Milky Way. (20 points) For each item in Column A, write the letter of the matching

More information

galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun)

galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun) WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 1 of 4) galaxy A galaxy is a collection of stars, gas, and dust. We live in the Milky Way galaxy. One galaxy may contain billions of stars. solar system A solar system revolves

More information

Class 2 Solar System Characteristics Formation Exosolar Planets

Class 2 Solar System Characteristics Formation Exosolar Planets Class 1 Introduction, Background History of Modern Astronomy The Night Sky, Eclipses and the Seasons Kepler's Laws Newtonian Gravity General Relativity Matter and Light Telescopes Class 2 Solar System

More information

Size and Scale of the Universe

Size and Scale of the Universe Size and Scale of the Universe (Teacher Guide) Overview: The Universe is very, very big. But just how big it is and how we fit into the grand scheme can be quite difficult for a person to grasp. The distances

More information

A Preliminary Summary of The VLA Sky Survey

A Preliminary Summary of The VLA Sky Survey A Preliminary Summary of The VLA Sky Survey Eric J. Murphy and Stefi Baum (On behalf of the entire Science Survey Group) 1 Executive Summary After months of critical deliberation, the Survey Science Group

More information

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Chapter 8, Astronomy OBJECTIVES Identify planets by observing their movement against background stars. Explain that the solar system consists of many bodies held together by gravity.

More information

Cosmic Journey: Teacher Packet

Cosmic Journey: Teacher Packet Cosmic Journey: Teacher Packet Compiled by: Morehead State University Star Theatre with help from Bethany DeMoss Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Corresponding Standards 2 Vocabulary 4 Sizing up the

More information

TELESCOPE AS TIME MACHINE

TELESCOPE AS TIME MACHINE TELESCOPE AS TIME MACHINE Read this article about NASA s latest high-tech space telescope. Then, have fun doing one or both of the word puzzles that use the important words in the article. A TELESCOPE

More information

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

More information

Introduction to the Solar System

Introduction to the Solar System Introduction to the Solar System Lesson Objectives Describe some early ideas about our solar system. Name the planets, and describe their motion around the Sun. Explain how the solar system formed. Introduction

More information

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

More information

LSST and the Cloud: Astro Collaboration in 2016 Tim Axelrod LSST Data Management Scientist

LSST and the Cloud: Astro Collaboration in 2016 Tim Axelrod LSST Data Management Scientist LSST and the Cloud: Astro Collaboration in 2016 Tim Axelrod LSST Data Management Scientist DERCAP Sydney, Australia, 2009 Overview of Presentation LSST - a large-scale Southern hemisphere optical survey

More information

Interaction of Energy and Matter Gravity Measurement: Using Doppler Shifts to Measure Mass Concentration TEACHER GUIDE

Interaction of Energy and Matter Gravity Measurement: Using Doppler Shifts to Measure Mass Concentration TEACHER GUIDE Interaction of Energy and Matter Gravity Measurement: Using Doppler Shifts to Measure Mass Concentration TEACHER GUIDE EMR and the Dawn Mission Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) will play a major role in

More information

Beginning of the Universe Classwork 6 th Grade PSI Science

Beginning of the Universe Classwork 6 th Grade PSI Science Beginning of the Universe Classwork Name: 6 th Grade PSI Science 1 4 2 5 6 3 7 Down: 1. Edwin discovered that galaxies are spreading apart. 2. This theory explains how the Universe was flattened. 3. All

More information

The Sino-French Gamma-Ray Burst Mission SVOM (Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor)

The Sino-French Gamma-Ray Burst Mission SVOM (Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor) The Sino-French Gamma-Ray Burst Mission SVOM (Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor) Didier BARRET on behalf of the SVOM collaboration didier.barret@cesr.fr Outline SVOM background

More information

Taming the Internet of Things: The Lord of the Things

Taming the Internet of Things: The Lord of the Things Taming the Internet of Things: The Lord of the Things Kirk Borne @KirkDBorne School of Physics, Astronomy, & Computational Sciences College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA Taming the Internet

More information

Teaching Astronomy in the University of Granada. Eduardo Battaner Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos

Teaching Astronomy in the University of Granada. Eduardo Battaner Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos Teaching Astronomy in the University of Granada Eduardo Battaner Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos Some history University created by Charles V in the XVI century (An arabic Madraza was created

More information

Potential Career Tracks Associated With the APS Undergraduate Major

Potential Career Tracks Associated With the APS Undergraduate Major Potential Career Tracks Associated With the APS Undergraduate Major This document is an outline of the various career paths that recent APS graduates have taken. We encourage all majors to read these descriptions

More information

What s going on during a solar eclipse. Solar Eclipses. Total Solar Eclipse on March 29, 2006 (viewed from Turkey) Partial, Total, and Annular

What s going on during a solar eclipse. Solar Eclipses. Total Solar Eclipse on March 29, 2006 (viewed from Turkey) Partial, Total, and Annular Solar Eclipses The Sun disappears behind the Moon The Moon is always in the New phase during a solar eclipse Can only be seen from certain places on Earth These events are even more rare than lunar eclipses

More information

Technologies for Re-entry Vehicles. SHEFEX and REX FreeFlyer, DLR s Re-Entry Program. Hendrik Weihs. Folie 1. Vortrag > Autor > Dokumentname > Datum

Technologies for Re-entry Vehicles. SHEFEX and REX FreeFlyer, DLR s Re-Entry Program. Hendrik Weihs. Folie 1. Vortrag > Autor > Dokumentname > Datum Technologies for Re-entry Vehicles SHEFEX and REX FreeFlyer, DLR s Re-Entry Program Hendrik Weihs Folie 1 DLR`s Re-Entry Program, Why? Re-entry or return technology respectively, is a strategic key competence

More information

Graduate Programs in Physics and Astronomy

Graduate Programs in Physics and Astronomy Graduate Programs in Physics and Astronomy Western s award winning faculty members, cutting edge research and interdisciplinary environment give you the tools to engage your imagination. The University

More information

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems. Detecting Extrasolar Planets Brightness Difference. How do we detect planets around other stars?

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems. Detecting Extrasolar Planets Brightness Difference. How do we detect planets around other stars? Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems The New Science of Distant Worlds Detecting Extrasolar Planets Brightness Difference A Sun-like star is about a billion times brighter than the sunlight reflected from

More information

PROCLAMATION OF 2009 AS THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF ASTRONOMY OUTLINE

PROCLAMATION OF 2009 AS THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF ASTRONOMY OUTLINE U General Conference 33rd session, Paris 2005 33 C 33 C/67 11 October 2005 Original: English Item 5.30 of the agenda PROCLAMATION OF 2009 AS THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF ASTRONOMY Source: 172

More information

The Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics set three goals for the decade : searching

The Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics set three goals for the decade : searching The Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics set three goals for the decade 2012-2021: searching for the first stars, galaxies, and black holes; seeking nearby habitable planets; and advancing understanding

More information

The Very High Energy source catalogue at the ASI Science Data Center

The Very High Energy source catalogue at the ASI Science Data Center The Very High Energy source catalogue at the ASI Science Data Center a,b, F. Lucarelli a,b, L. A. Antonelli a,b, P. Giommi b E-mail: alessandro.carosi@oa-roma.inaf.it a INAF, National Institute for Astrophysics,

More information

Visualization of Large Multi-Dimensional Datasets

Visualization of Large Multi-Dimensional Datasets ***TITLE*** ASP Conference Series, Vol. ***VOLUME***, ***PUBLICATION YEAR*** ***EDITORS*** Visualization of Large Multi-Dimensional Datasets Joel Welling Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University,

More information

The Milky Way Galaxy is Heading for a Major Cosmic Collision

The Milky Way Galaxy is Heading for a Major Cosmic Collision The Milky Way Galaxy is Heading for a Major Cosmic Collision Roeland van der Marel (STScI) [based on work with a team of collaborators reported in the Astrophysical Journal July 2012] Hubble Science Briefing

More information

TRANSITING EXOPLANETS

TRANSITING EXOPLANETS TRANSITING EXOPLANETS Introduction 11 Chapter 1 Our Solar System from afar 13 Introduction 13 1.1 Direct imaging 20 1.1.1 Coronagraphy 24 1.1.2 Angular difference imaging 25 1.2 Astrometry 26 1.3 Radial

More information

Detecting and measuring faint point sources with a CCD

Detecting and measuring faint point sources with a CCD Detecting and measuring faint point sources with a CCD Herbert Raab a,b a Astronomical ociety of Linz, ternwarteweg 5, A-400 Linz, Austria b Herbert Raab, chönbergstr. 3/1, A-400 Linz, Austria; herbert.raab@utanet.at

More information

Science Investigations: Investigating Astronomy Teacher s Guide

Science Investigations: Investigating Astronomy Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 12 Curriculum Focus: Astronomy/Space Duration: 7 segments; 66 minutes Program Description This library of videos contains seven segments on celestial bodies and related science.

More information

Bangkok Christian College EIP Matayom Course Description Semester One 2011-2012

Bangkok Christian College EIP Matayom Course Description Semester One 2011-2012 Bangkok Christian College EIP Matayom Course Description Semester One 2011-2012 Subject: General Science Grade: Matayom 6 Course Description This semester the General Science course will continue covering

More information

College of Science George Mason University Fairfax, VA 22030

College of Science George Mason University Fairfax, VA 22030 College of Science George Mason University Fairfax, VA 22030 Dr. Sidney Wolff and the LSST Board of Directors LSST Corporation 933 N. Cherry Avenue Tucson, AZ 85721-0009 June 14, 2010 Dear Dr. Wolff and

More information

Q1. (a) Scientists have observed that the wavelengths of the light from galaxies moving away from the Earth are longer than expected....

Q1. (a) Scientists have observed that the wavelengths of the light from galaxies moving away from the Earth are longer than expected.... Q1. (a) Scientists have observed that the wavelengths of the light from galaxies moving away from the Earth are longer than expected. What name is given to this observation? (ii) Draw a ring around the

More information

Space Work Programme 2015

Space Work Programme 2015 Space Work Programme 79 billion from 2014 to 2020 2 There is a place for SPACE everywhere 3 Space in Horizon 2020 Four objectives (specific programme) 1. Enhance competitiveness, non-dependence, and innovation

More information

SIERRA COLLEGE OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY LABORATORY EXERCISE NUMBER III.F.a. TITLE: ASTEROID ASTROMETRY: BLINK IDENTIFICATION

SIERRA COLLEGE OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY LABORATORY EXERCISE NUMBER III.F.a. TITLE: ASTEROID ASTROMETRY: BLINK IDENTIFICATION SIERRA COLLEGE OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY LABORATORY EXERCISE NUMBER III.F.a. TITLE: ASTEROID ASTROMETRY: BLINK IDENTIFICATION DATE- PRINT NAME/S AND INITIAL BELOW: GROUP DAY- LOCATION OBJECTIVE: Use CCD

More information

The 35th COSPAR Assembly

The 35th COSPAR Assembly The 35th COSPAR Assembly A Record-Breaking Success Jean-Paul Paillé* Directorate of External Relations, ESA, Paris Coordinating and promoting space research at worldwide level and regularly providing open

More information

Big Data, Big Challenges and new Paradigm for the Gaia Archive

Big Data, Big Challenges and new Paradigm for the Gaia Archive Big Data, Big Challenges and new Paradigm for the Gaia Archive Christophe Arviset Head of ESAC Science Data Centre 15/03/2016 Issue/Revision: 1.0 Reference: Gaia Archive's big data challenges Status: Issued

More information

DU640 Radial Velocity Zero-Point Software Requirement Specifications

DU640 Radial Velocity Zero-Point Software Requirement Specifications DU640 Radial Velocity Zero-Point Software Requirement Specifications prepared by: approved by: reference: issue: 4 revision: 1 date: 28-03-2008 status: Issued G. Jasniewicz, F. Crifo, D. Hestroffer, A.

More information

Bringing the Night Sky Closer: Discoveries in the Data Deluge

Bringing the Night Sky Closer: Discoveries in the Data Deluge EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT Bringing the Night Sky Closer: Discoveries in the Data Deluge Alyssa A. Goodman Harvard University Curtis G. Wong Microsoft Research Th r o u g h o u t h i s t o r y, a s t r o n

More information

Einstein Rings: Nature s Gravitational Lenses

Einstein Rings: Nature s Gravitational Lenses National Aeronautics and Space Administration Einstein Rings: Nature s Gravitational Lenses Leonidas Moustakas and Adam Bolton Taken from: Hubble 2006 Science Year in Review The full contents of this book

More information

The orbit of Halley s Comet

The orbit of Halley s Comet The orbit of Halley s Comet Given this information Orbital period = 76 yrs Aphelion distance = 35.3 AU Observed comet in 1682 and predicted return 1758 Questions: How close does HC approach the Sun? What

More information

THE HIGH GROWTH POTENTIAL OF AUSTRALIA S SPACE ECONOMY

THE HIGH GROWTH POTENTIAL OF AUSTRALIA S SPACE ECONOMY THE HIGH GROWTH POTENTIAL OF AUSTRALIA S SPACE ECONOMY INTRODUCTION The downstream benefit of space-derived data to the Australian economy is estimated to be around AU$12-18B enhanced GDP by 2020. Globally,

More information

So What IS the Astronomy Major?

So What IS the Astronomy Major? So What IS the Astronomy Major? Juan E. Cabanela and Bruce Partridge Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041 Accepted for publication in Astronomy Education Review on October 1, 2002. We present a statistical

More information

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope: Status Update

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope: Status Update The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope: Status Update Steven M. Kahn LSST Director Mid-Decadal Review Committee December 13, 2015 LSST in a Nutshell The LSST is an integrated survey system designed to conduct

More information

APS Science Curriculum Unit Planner

APS Science Curriculum Unit Planner APS Science Curriculum Unit Planner Grade Level/Topic Science 6 Earth/Space Interrelationships Stage 1: Desired Results Enduring Understanding Our solar system is made up of many different bodies in relationship

More information

African-European Radio Astronomy Platform. 2013 Africa-EU Cooperation Forum on ICT. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3 December 2013

African-European Radio Astronomy Platform. 2013 Africa-EU Cooperation Forum on ICT. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3 December 2013 African-European Radio Astronomy Platform 2013 Africa-EU Cooperation Forum on ICT Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3 December 2013 Context The African European Radio Astronomy Platform European Parliament s Written

More information

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

More information

ASTR 100 Introduction to Astronomy Syllabus for Fall 2015

ASTR 100 Introduction to Astronomy Syllabus for Fall 2015 Instructor Information Name Office Email Office Hours Course Information ASTR 100 Introduction to Astronomy Syllabus for Fall 2015 Prof. Emily Hardegree-Ullman 125 Astronomy emilyehu@illinois.edu Tuesdays

More information

Observer Access to the Cherenkov Telescope Array

Observer Access to the Cherenkov Telescope Array Observer Access to the Cherenkov Telescope Array IRAP, Toulouse, France E-mail: jknodlseder@irap.omp.eu V. Beckmann APC, Paris, France E-mail: beckmann@apc.in2p3.fr C. Boisson LUTh, Paris, France E-mail:

More information

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds 13.1 Detecting Extrasolar Planets Our goals for learning: Why is it so difficult to detect planets around other stars? How do we detect

More information

Adaptive Optics (AO) TMT Partner Institutions Collaborating Institution Acknowledgements

Adaptive Optics (AO) TMT Partner Institutions Collaborating Institution Acknowledgements THIRTY METER TELESCOPE The past century of astronomy research has yielded remarkable insights into the nature and origin of the Universe. This scientific advancement has been fueled by progressively larger

More information

Space&Astronomy education programs in Israel National Science-Educational Center Blossoms of Sciences and Project ASTROTOP in Israel

Space&Astronomy education programs in Israel National Science-Educational Center Blossoms of Sciences and Project ASTROTOP in Israel Space&Astronomy education programs in Israel National Science-Educational Center Blossoms of Sciences and Project ASTROTOP in Israel COSPAR2006-A-01835; SPECIAL SESSION 2-0014-06 Pundak D. 1, Pustil nik

More information

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds 13.1 Detecting Extrasolar Planets Our goals for learning: Why is it so difficult to detect planets around other stars? How do we detect

More information

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems The New Science of Distant Worlds. Why is it so difficult to detect planets around other stars?

Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems The New Science of Distant Worlds. Why is it so difficult to detect planets around other stars? Chapter 13 Other Planetary Systems The New Science of Distant Worlds 13.1 Detecting Extrasolar Planets Our goals for learning Why is it so difficult to detect planets around other stars? How do we detect

More information

PHY 171/Introduction to Meteorology

PHY 171/Introduction to Meteorology Physics Courses-1 PHY 099/Orientation to Physics 0 course unit Required as an entry course of all first-year and transfer students enrolled in majors offered by the Department of Physics. Topics covered

More information

The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto

The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto Earth and Space Sciences The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto The size and nature of our Solar System is truly awe inspiring, and things are going to get even more exciting once the New Horizons

More information

The ESA Science Programme and Associated Technology Preparation

The ESA Science Programme and Associated Technology Preparation The ESA Science Programme and Associated Technology Preparation IX SEMINAR, ESA SCIENCE &TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMMES, USER-EXPERIENCE (FINLAND) Tartu Observatory, 24.09.14 ESA UNCLASSIFIED For Official Use Dr

More information

Space Challenges Preparing the next generation of explorers. The Program

Space Challenges Preparing the next generation of explorers. The Program Space Challenges Preparing the next generation of explorers Space Challenges is the biggest free educational program in the field of space science and high technologies in the Balkans - http://spaceedu.net

More information